04_travelling by shitingting

VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 12

									04. Travelling
       Význam a cieľ cestovania
       Dopravné prostriedky, príprava na cestu
       Informácie o vlaku, ubytovaní, na recepcii
       Cestovanie kedysi a dnes, cestovanie v budúcnosti
       Možnosti cestovania do zahraničia
       Ekoturizmus

REASONS FOR TRAVELLING

o   People travel in order to reach places that are close or far away.
o   They travel for fun and pleasure, for most people travelling is a great hobby
o   They travel from necessity, to work, to school, or on business trips.

    Travelling takes up more time in our lives than most of us imagine. An everyday form
    of travelling may be :
   Going shopping
   Commuting to school, to work
   Visiting friends


People and goods can be transported by land, by air or by water.

      Nowadays we are able to travel even to distant countries, where we can get
acquainted with new cultures, interesting people and their customs and compare the
differences between the way of living in our country and the country we are visiting.
Contacts with people help to deepen our knowledge of the history and development of other
countries.
     Many of us are fond of visiting castles, chateaux, palaces, fortresses, ruins,
churches, cathedrals and temples.
Even a longer walk around our vicinity, a visit with relatives in the neigbouring
village or a bicycle ride can be thought of as travelling.

TRAVELLING BY LAND
      Land offers the greatest variety of means of transport. There are motor road
vehicles and bicycles on the one hand and rail on the other. As personal vehicles,
motorcycles and cars are the most popular. There are also other means of transport on
four wheels – buses and trolleybuses. Of rail vehicles, which are almost exclusively
designed for public use, we could mention trains, trams and the underground.
We can travel in many ways:

ON FOOT - walking on foot is definetely the cheapest and the healthiest way, but it is
convenient if you travel short distances . We don´t need to worry about missing the bus,
running out of the gas, our car breaking down or getting into a car accident. Our own
feet take us everywhere we want to go. We can even get to places that we could never
reach by car. When we are tired, we can simply sit down, rest and have snack If we like
taking longer hikes, which could make us tired, we should take with us proper
refreshments, including something to drink . It´s important to include in our backpack
adhesive plasters and a bandage.

RIDE ON BICYCLE - It is comparable to walking. The reason is that we are expending our
own energy to get to our destination. Some go to school by bike, others prefer cycling as
a sport or a hobby. Many young people go for holiday trips by bike which is both healthy
and exciting. The market for bicycles nowadays offers mountain bikes – made for cross-
country riding over fields, in mountains and in cities and road bikes – suitable for
travel on roads or on bicycle paths.


GO BY CAR - almost every family today owns a car, if we have got a car we are
independent it means:
 we don´t have to follow any timetable,
 we may travel at any time of the day and at any speed.
 Travelling is quite convenient, because the car can take us relatively quickly to
   wherever we want to go at the moment. All we need is to get in and start driving.
      As drivers we should respect certain rules and principles.
If we see a prohibition of entering any place where we want to drive, we´d better park at
a place where it´s permitted. Many drivers enjoy driving a car at high speed and do not
think of the dangers of fast driving. There are very strict laws in other countries of
the world, which must be respected by drivers. The speed controls and strict alcohol
tests have reduced traffic deaths. The growing number of cars is a danger not only for
people but also for environment of the country.
      Everywhere you will find motorways for cars and buses with rest areas, gas stations
modern petrol stations and restaurants with toilets and shower and motels. There a
traveler can relax and order a meal, fill up the gas tank, get a car-wash, buy what he
needs and then can keep going on his way.
  Cars and motorbikes are expensive to purchase and in addition one also has to pay for
petrol, which if the vehicle has a big consumption, costs a lot of money as well. For
short and middle distances a car is fast enough so as not to get too tired by travelling,
unless we get into a traffic jam. Also the space for luggage in the trunk of the car is
quite large. The best thing about cars is that they will take you almost anywhere at any
time.. Modern cars with soft seats and a lot of space for the legs are sometimes more
comfortable than the interior of a plane. To get a driver´s licence one must know how to
drive and know the traffic rules as well. One of the rules says that cars are to be
driven on the right side of the road.

TRAVELLING BY CAR

Advantages                                          You can : relax, order a meal, fill up
 Fast , comfortable, door to door, not delayed                      the gas , get a car wash
 quick

Disadvantages                                         You must : respect the traffic signs
 Not safe, expensive, stressful , more polluting                      control speed and
                                                                       alcohol


GO BY BUS - public transport is cheaper, it may sometimes be a little uncomfortable but
the situation is improving. Buses are equipped with better seats, dark glass against sun,
air- conditioning, television and radio and often with a toilet as well especially
coaches.
   COACHES - are buses for long distance travelling. They are fast, comfortable and the
   prices of tickets are quite reasonable. During holidays the travel agencies offer many
   coach trips to the mountains or seaside resorts. Some buses even offer travellers food
   and drink. In such conditions even a long trip can be rather pleasant.More often than
   long-distance bus lines we use city mass transit buses. The bus stops in major cities
   are called stations. We can get around town also by tram, trolleybus and in Prague
   also by underground.
In big cities underground / subways/ with several differen tracks have been built in
order to relieve the trams and buses / the most interesting of them are the famous
double-deckers in London /. They are the fastest means of urban transpostation and the
underground trains usually go every five minutes on average. Many workers and pupils
depend on the underground every morning. It can take them at a low rate from the suburbs
to the city and back. The taxi in big cities can just be called by phone or hailed while
they pass by in the street.

GO BY TRAIN - travelling by train was quite common in the past, but with the rapid
development of the car industry it became partly neglected, today it is becoming more
popular because it offers a combination of speed, comfort and pleasure.
Train tickets are not very expensive and can be booked in advance. If you travel at night
you can even sleep in a sleeper. If you are hungry you may have a meal in a dining-car.
Railway stations are usually big, noisy and overcrowded, where you can find:
 A big hall with ticket offices (box office) where one can buy a single or a return
   ticket and a seat reservation
 large departure and arrival boards
 a left luggage office or lockers
   several telephone boxes
 waiting halls, restaurant, a drink machine, a bookstall
 a barber´s shop, toilets and flowers

   From the hall one goes through the underpassage directly onto               the right platform. From
the platform we get on the train and look for a free seat in the               /non/ smoking
compartment. If all seats are occupied we must move into another               carriage and try again
there. When we are seated and the train starts, we can spend the               time talking with a
fellow passenger, observe the landscape out of the window, eat some food, play cards with
a friend or sleep. When the conductor comes we hand him the tickets and he checks them.
After the train´s arrival we can get off.


Advantages: Disadvantages:
   fast, comfortableexpensive
   not stressful     sometimes crowded
   less polluting sometimes delayed
   safe      not door to door

You can: You must:
 relax- read  travel at certain times
 work use other transport to get to the station
 eat




TRAVELLING BY AIR

     Going by air consumes huge sums of money but it is the fastest way of travelling.
When people travel a long distance they usually travel by air. Going by plane is said to
be the fastest, the most expensive and even the safest way to travel . An air ticket
ensures us a comfortable seat on the plane which can fly us to any place in the world
within a few hours. The air transportation system is thus the one most strictly dependent
on the timetable.




When we choose to travel by plane we usually:
   Go or telephone to the airlines or travel agency to get information about flights as
   well as about reservations and cost of tickets
   It is also usual to confirm the flight at least a week before travelling
   We have to book a seat on a plane long before the day of your departure.
   At the airport the pasengers travelling with national or international airlines have
   to show their tickets and passports
   When we arrive at the airport we should go straight to the check-in desk where our
   luggage and tickets are checked.
   You can find more detailed information about baggage at the back of the ticket. It is
   necessary to have a name –tag with your destination address on each bag
   Then you will receive a boarding pass – that will specify your terminal gate, flight
   number, seat number , smoker, non-smoker
   You can keep your hand baggage = carry on luggage with you but your suitcases are
   labeled and taken to the plane on the conveyor belt.
   Each passenger can take only 20 kilo of luggage free of charge, if the weight of his
   luggage exceeds this he has to pay for excess baggage. There are different baggage
   allowances given by various airlines which are based on the class you are travelling
   or the route you are taking.
   For safety both passengers and luggage have to be checked so we go through the
   security check and metal objects have to be detected.We are given a body search and
   our luggage is searched by a security officer. Do not carry any pocket knives, small
   scissors or nail files or other sharp metal objects in your carry-on baggage
   Then we can go to the departure lounge and wait until our flight is called and we are
   told which gate number to go to.
   Finally we board the plane and are shown to our seat by a flight attendant
   Then we wait until the plane is ready for take-off. When we are lucky and our flight
   is neither cancelled nor postponed we can look forward to a safe landing on the runway
   of another airport. For private use helicopters are usually bought.
Advantages:                              Disadvantages:
   safe                                    expensive
   punctual departures and arrivals        use other transport to get to the airport
   fast, comfortable                      you are limited by the timetable
   attentive cabin staff                  not door to door
   exciting


YOU CAN :                                 YOU MUST :
- eat some meals, drink, smoke           - show flight tickets and passports
- hear information about the altitude,   - go through customs
  speed and approximate location         - be checked and also your luggage
  of plane                               - fasten your safety belts before the aircraft
                                            takes off and lands on the ground




TRAVELLING BY WATER

The main fact that speaks for water transport are the relatively small costs. That is why
rivers, seas, and oceans are continuously being filled with new cargo and passenger
vessels. Ferries, ocean liners and other steamboats take quite a long period of time to
carry you to thre place of destination. The advantage is that one can take almost as much
luggage as one likes. In general not many people have the courage to board a ship because
although the trip is inexpensive they can still become sea-sick.

TRAVEL AGENCIES
If we prefer not to travel alone, we can take advantage of the services offered by travel
agencies, they usually take care of all our needs, for example:
 our accommodation
   transportation
   health insurance
 accident and luggage insurance

It is important to have a valid passport. It is also good to get an international health
insurance card .If we want to take some animal along with us , we need also a veterinary
certificate of our pet´s health.
For the duration of our vacations or holidays we may stay in a chalet, a boarding- house
or hotel. Sometimes we prefer to call the hotel directly to be sure that our room has
realy been reserved.
After our arrival at the hotel we can have our luggage brought into the hall. We inform
the receptionist of our arrival and then we get a key with our room number. A porter
will bring our luggage to our room.
Our room´s furnishings depend on the category of hotel we´re staying at. It can be a
single room, a double or have even more than 2 beds. There is also a restaurant at the
hotel where we have our breakfast, lunch and dinner. At sea resorts the hotel services
include bathing and swimming in pools, spas and saunas. Besides these the hotel usually
offers other services as well – we can have our hair do fixed up at the hairdresser´s
women can visit a cosmetic salon or have a massage.

Tourism in Slovakia
   foreign visitors like to visit Slovakia because our country can offer them attractive
    stays in every season of the year
   it can offer     tourist numerous unusually beautiful old towns, castles, historic
    buildings, spas, mountain ranges….
   in fact, Slovakia can offer foreign visitors all kinds of touristic attractions with
    one exception – the sea
The benefits of tourism
 higher income, more jobs, overseas investments (hotels, airports, roads…) + tourism
   raises the standard of living, travelling can be an instructive experience (we meet
   new people and visit various places all over the world), the country is well-known….

The costs of tourism
 overpopulation, pollution (noise, litter), rise in crime, using of natural resources
   of the country, environmental damage through forest fires, destruction of sand dunes,
   some disease (e. g. malaria), many countries depend heavily upon travel expenditures
   by foreigners…

                             Tourism in developing countries
The most attractive LEDCs are places such as Kenya, Egypt, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Malaysia
and the West Indies.
The attraction of earning money from tourism is considerable to LEDCs, many of which see
it as the only possible way to raise their standard of living. However, only a limited
number of LEDCs have the potential to develop a successful tourist industry, and even
then the damage to their culture and environment can, at times, outweigh the benefits.
Ecotourism
 sometimes known as green tourism
   is a sustainable form of tourism that is more appropriate to developing countries
   that the mass tourism associated with places like Florida and the Spanish coasts in
   developed countries.

   it includes:
    - visiting places in order to appreciate their scenery and wildlife and to understand
       their culture
    - creating economic opportunities (jobs) in an area while at the same time protecting
       natural resources (scenery and wildlife) and the local way of live(culture).
The World Tourism Organization reports the following ten countries as the most visited in
2007 by number of international travellers. Most of the top visited countries are on the
European continent.
France, Spain, USA, China, Italy, UK, Germany, Ukraine, Turkey, Mexico

                                    Traveling in the past
In the past ,traveling was nothing less than a daring adventuries.There were no roads.
There was none of the mechanical transport we have now. People traveled on foot. They had
face all sorts of dangers from the weather the wild beasts and the robbers. Mast people
therefore did not like to go away from their villages. Only those who were adventurous
set out on a long journey. They traveled in groups.
When man succeeded in training the four foot animals like the horse and the camel,
traveling became slightly comfortable .Still it was a dangerous undertaking. Only a new
venture out of their homes .In those days it was also very difficulty to transport goods
from one place to another. In earliest days, man was his own beast of burden. He carried
his load on his head or back. Later horses and other such animals were used for this
purpose. But the man and the animals could not carry very heavy loads from one place to
another.
Now people living in any part to a country can travel to any other part in comfort. Every
country has a network to railways. A small sum of money is required to go from one corner
of the country to the other. If your business is more urget.You can travel by an
aeroplane.A plane will need only a couple of days to fly round the whole world. The
travel by sea also has become more comfortable, swift and secure than before Giant
steamers have replaced the ancient boat and sailing ships.
Travelling has undergone many changes. With the development of human society and their
needs to get from one place to another has developed travelling, too. Various inventions
are closely attached to the development of travel techniques and methods. In the ancient
times, people travelled on their own on foot. Later, people leant how to domesticate wild
animals and used horses. But many years had to pass when the Sumerian wise men discovered
wheel.

The wheel was a groundbreaking discovery. It was maybe the most useful invention. It
served as base to chariots, wheelbarrows, cars and many other widely used equipment these
days. People leant how to rule the seas and built ships. These were powered by wind,
human power, and later steam engines and combustion engines. The Wright brothers
developed the first useful plane in 1903. Since that time, the air traveling has become a
perfect alternative for long-distance destinations. Nowadays, the traveling is well
developed. Countries use sophisticated and high-tech ways to transport people and goods.

All kinds of transport are able to handle the large amount of travelers and offer full
comfort. Most people travel to big cities to work or for business meetings, or to the
seaside for holiday. In the future, we may witness the continuing development and
refinement of traveling methods. The further research of space traveling may lead to
interstellar or even intergalactical journeys. The big question for the scientist remains
the possibility of teleportation. It could allow any matter to be transported with the
speed of light. The development of transportation and traveling went hand-in-hand with
people’s growing needs to go faster and further. World without transportation is
unimaginable.

                                             Traveling in the future


From the beginning of time humans have tried to explore and to conquer new assets. Humans
have lived on this planet for a long time and they are destined to move onto another
planet or into another galaxy. We have explored this planet and find no excitement when a
family takes a vacation to Hawaii, and does that every year round. In the near future
people will travel into space to explore new planets in order for humans to live and
replace their vacation spots. People will, however, have to find new ways of getting to these
distant dreams, and discover new means of transportation. Once these places are found and
reached a number of humans will migrate into that new area and live on. In the future
people will explore space with the means of new and sophisticated transportation methods
in search of new areas to live and to vacation in. In the future the planet will become
so overcrowded that humans will have to find new residences elsewhere but the earth.The
population is growing rapidly however nothing can be done. India for example has set up a
law that a family can have no more than one child.

Vacation spots will be scattered all over the universe and they will each have a
magnificent, yet unique attraction, which will bring people from all over the planet and
galaxy together. As of today space travel remains a very dangerous, unreliable, and most
importantly, extremely expensive thing to do, however in the near future, after long
hours of developing and creating space crafts, space travel will be compared to driving a
motor vehicle on a highway.The galaxy is endless, meaning that there are endless
attractions for one to see. Space travel today is a very costly business and not many
people can afford to spend billions of dollars on a short trip to the moon. Stars are
constantly moving creating extraordinary light shows in the sky, however not all can be
seen, but in the future, the new vacation spots will make it possible to see these
incredible light shows that have never seen before The new residences on distant planets
will bring new sights to view, and new unique phenomenon to observe, which will make them
very popular in the eyes of space travelers. In the future the mentioned professionals
must find a way to minimize the threat of unexpected accidents in space. Vacations in the
future will not be held on the earth as much anymore, in the future people will travel to
distant stars and galaxies to vacation there. People have seen most of the earth´s beauty
and are looking for something new. Soon people will travel into space and find new
planets that humans could live on, people will move to that planet and start all over
again in a new and untraditional way of life.




1. Virtual tourism
As technology advances, it becomes easier to virtually experience the essence of a place. For example, there are
sites in 3D photography, which then allow web surfers to interact with these images in 360 degrees, “as if you
were really there.” Online communities are being used to recreate destinations virtually. While it’s unlikely
technology will ever actually replace physical travel, but it can bring access to the world ever closer to us.
2. Changing traveler demographics
Countries such as China have growing economies and a burgeoning middle class with disposable income for
activities like international travel. As demographics of large tourist populations change, popular destinations
will begin to cater to their needs. Will aspiring tour guides flock to learn Chinese? It’s a possibility in the world
of future travel.
3. New York, Paris, Pyongyang?
Travel can certainly be an economic boom to a country, bringing in much needed economic revenue. In the
future, countries currently viewed as closed to the world may begin to open up using tourism as a vehicle. As
the political and economic landscape of the world changes, people may begin to travel to places previously
considered to be “off limits,” with this increased openness benefiting both host and visitor.
4. Extinct sites
Just as travel in the future can open up opportunities, it can also reduce possibilities as well. Over-visitation of
popular sites can wreak havoc on the environment and infrastructure. Finding ways of mediating the negative
effects of travel (such as introducing stricter quotas) is one potential (though undesirable) outcome of travel in
the future.
5. Mentality changes
Of course, if the current energy situation heralds a new trend, we may have to re-think our assumptions about
travel. Just as the “staycation” became a buzzword this summer, we may need to consider the moral and
behavioral impacts of leisure travel.

We need to transport people and goods from one place to another. It is a necessity. There are
different means of transport that can be used to do that.
Cars are probably the most common means of transport. A car with roof that can be opened is a
convertible. During summer months this can be an advantage. A fast car for only two people is a
sports car. It is usually expensive since there is a speed limit in our country, it is not very practical. A
limousine is a large luxurious car used for example for weddings. It attracts attention and is expensive
to rent. A car with a large door at the back is called a hatchback. This car is convenient for families
with children. A car for paying passengers driven by a professional is a taxi or a cab. Taxi drivers
usually park at the taxi ranks. Vans, trucks and pickups are used for transporting goods. A driver can
also be called a chauffeur. It is a person hired to drive a car for somebody. When you run out of
petrol you must stop at a petrol station. Car also needs to be cared for. Garaging, regular visits to the
car wash and the servicing stations with car mechanics improve the car safety. Wearing seat/safety
belts at all times and airbags can save many lives. Cars are one of the most dangerous means of
transport, too. Most accidents are caused by driving under the influence of drugs, speeding and
carelessness. Thousands of people are killed or injured in car accidents. Cars have wheels with tires,
an engine, booth, passenger and driver’s seats, a petrol tank, speedometer, ignition with a key, a
heater, air-conditioning, a battery, a spare wheel and many other parts. We learn to drive in driving
schools but we must be at lest 18 to get a driving licence. If you do not follow the rules, police can
give you a fine. Traffic jams and parking is a great problem especially in large cities. The running cost
of used cars is high. They need constant repairing, fixing and mending and old parts must be
replaced.
Buses make transport in the city easier and are part of public transport. A bus that has upper and
lower deck is a double-decker bus. It can take more people and tourists find it attractive. Each bus
has a number. Comfortable buses for long journeys are called coaches. A bus using electricity to
move is a tram. It travels along metal rails and so is limited. Some buses using electricity do not use
the rails but are still limited. A bus for not more than twelve people is a minibus. It is often used by
companies to transport their employees. School buses take children and students to school. Buses
stop at bus stops and passengers can get on and off the bus there. Bush shelter is a bus stop that
protects the passengers from weather elements. A lot of bus stops concentrated in one place is a
bus station. When you miss a bus you can catch another one. Passengers must buy tickets. If you do
not have a valid ticket on you, you must pay a fine. The money they pay for the journey is called
fare. Special tickets that allow you to use bus lines for limited time are bus passes. Most busses go
according to the timetable. The smaller the place the worst the bus service is.
Travelling by trains is considered to be more comfortable than by busses. Trains transporting people
are called passenger trains and transporting goods goods trains. Fast connections are provided by
intercity or express trains. Local or stopping trains are slower and stop at almost every station.
Sleepers travel during the night time and allow the passengers to sleep on the train. One part of a
train is called a carriage coach, which is usually divided into separate sections called compartments.
There are luggage-racks for suitcases and doors that can be closed. If all seats in a compartment
are taken, you can look for empty seats in another one. A passage between rows of seats is called
an isle. Sleeping, buffet, restaurant and post car can all be parts of a train. Waiting rooms are for
people whose train hasn’t arrived. Train tickets can be bought at the ticket office at the railway
station. You can buy a return or a single ticket. Season tickets or railcards are useful for people who
commute. A conductor is in charge of a train and a ticket collector checks and collets the tickets.
Porters help people to carry the luggage. When you travel by intercity, you must reserve a seat.
Making reservations can be done over the phone, too. Travelling by fist-class is more expensive but
more comfortable than by standard class. If there is no through train to your destination, you must
change trains. Trains leave from and arrive to platforms. Each has a number. You can check the
arrivals on the timetable. When a train is not on time and is running late, it has a delay. Underground
railway system is called underground, subway or the tube.
A vehicle that can fly is an aircraft. There are many types of aircrafts. A large plane that carries many
passengers is an airliner. A very large plane that carries passengers is a jumbo jet. A smaller plane is a
light aircraft. Planes do not transport only passengers but goods too. These are called cargo planes.
Companies that provide regular flights and own airplanes are called airlines. Regular flights
according to a timetable are scheduled flights and just for a particular journey are charter flights. Air
tickets can be bought at the travel agent’s. Economy class is cheaper but business class offers
better comfort. The terminals and the area where planes take off and land are part of an airport.
Planes use runways and helicopters helicopter pads. Before taking the flight you must go through
check-in, pass control, security check and then receive a boarding card, without which you cannot
board the plane. You are allowed to take hand luggage aboard of the plane. You must pay extra
money for excess baggage. You can wait for your plane in a departure lounge or spend some time
shopping in a duty-free shop. On the board, flight attendants look after the passengers on the plane.
They can be either stewards or stewardesses. Captain is the main pilot and head of cabin crew. If
you do not have direct connection, you have to change planes it is a transfer. After a long journey
the feeling of tiredness is called jet lag. Each seat is equipped with a life jacket, safety belts and
oxygen mask in case there is a plane crash. Unfortunately, parachutes are not part of the safety
standards. Some people are afraid of flying. It is because of the unpleasant feeling during a
turbulence, the risk of being hijacked or because they have seen a wreckage on TV. However,
travelling by plane remains the fastest and safest way of travel.
To cross a sea or an ocean a ship can be used. Goods can be transported by cargo ships. They are
slower but their capacity is enormous. Special ships for carrying oil are called tankers. A small faster
boat for a few people is a motor boat. Boats that use wind and sails to move are sailing boats.
People who like sailing for pleasure use yacht. A ship that carries people long distances is a liner.
Cruise liner takes people on holiday. Ferry is used for short journeys between the mainland and an
island. Special boats for saving people are called lifeboats. A primitive vessel made of pieces of
wood connected together is a raft. Canoe and little boats use human power to move either by
rowing or paddling. A person who works on a boat or a ship is a sailor. Captain is responsible for the
ship and its crew. Part of a shore where ships can be kept out of open sea is a harbour. A port is for
loading and unloading goods and passengers and ships are loaded, unloaded and repaired in
docks. Travelling on a boat can cause seasickness. It is not serious but unpleasant. The survivors of a
shipwreck can become castaways. Another word for getting off s ship is to go ashore or disembark.
Before you leave your home for a longer journey you should remember these:
    emergency number for medical treatment and health insurance
    contact to an embassy or consulate
    first aid kit with necessary medical supplies
    tap water is not suitable in many countries for drinking, so stick to bottled water
    careful with local food, up to 60 per cent of holidaymakers do suffer of stomach upset
    too much sun can lead to dehydration, sunburn and sun stroke
    sort out your travel insurance as soon as you have booked your holiday
    you should have a valid passport with at least six months left or ID with you
    to visit some countries you will require a valid visa
    certain goods are prohibited to import or export
    to use a mobile phone abroad you need to activate the service at home
    credit cards are safer than cash and some of them offer insurance as well
    it is good to know the rate of exchange for the local currency
    amount of luggage depends on how long and what sort of trip it is
    there are limits for weight and also of content of your luggage
    leave plenty of time to check in at the airport, your luggage may not be on the same plane
    be prepared to follow sensible precautions for personal safety

Journey                      An airship                      Communication cord            traffic lights
Voyage                       A rocket                        booking office                Fall asleep when driving
Trip                         A helicopter                     point                        Traffic jam
Excursion                    A hot- air balloon              buffet car                    Be drunk
Travel                       A jet                           Station master                Bump into a car -
Tour                         Customs inspection              dining car                    Cross to the other side
Cruise                        entrance / exit                Corridoor                     Ban motorbikes
Way                           gate                           sleeping car                  Build safer roads
Route                        Air terminal                     bookstall                    Drive carelessly
AIR                          Emergency landing               refreshment room              SEA
Go by plane                    TRAIN                         berth                         Go by boat
Book a flight                Go by train / rail               lavatory                      lifeboat
Check –in                    Railway station                 guard´s van                   Embark onto
Passenger                    Get on                           barber´s shop                Deckchair
Board the plane              Goods / passengers train        ticket collector              Disembark from
Boarding pass/ card          Get off                          row of lockers                port
Take – off                   Fast, through, express, slow    rear / front carriage         Set sail
Baggage / luggage            train                           A lost property               Be bound for
Descend                      Book a seat in advance          Emergency break               Sail off the coast of.....
Crew                         Locomotive, rail                 corner / window seat         Be at high sea
Land                         Catch a train                   BUS                           Lie at anchor
Air hostess                   mail van                       Go by bus bus station         On the deck
Carry out a security check   Reserve a seat                  Catch the bus                 Sail
Luggage                       freight train                  Luggage                       Be shipwrecked
Check-in counter             Miss a train                    Miss the bus                  Sink
Go through passport           platform                       Single ticket                 I am seasic
control                      Look for a vacant seat          Get on / into the bus         Boats
 aisle                       Buy tickets at the ticket       Ticket collector              submarine
Report at the check- in      office                          Get off / out the bus         canoe
desk                         Change at                       Free / taken seat             rowing boat
Have our luggage             Show your ticket                Double –decker bus            barge
checked                      Register luggage-               departure / arrival board     liner
Air controler                Put the case on the rack        Fare                          yacht
Put the bags on the scale    mark the seat                   CAR                           ship
control tower                Derail ;collide with sth        Drive a car                   ferry
Dispatch the baggage on      Meet sb off the train           Get a driving licence         ACCOMMODATION
a conveyor belt              See sb off                      Take a driving course         hotel
Proceed                      Pull in case of emergency       Fine / pay fine                book a room
final call                   Penalty for improper use        Overtake                      Boarding house
Load into the luggage        Don´t lean out of the           Petrol / run out of            in the name of
hold                         window                          Break the speed limit         B& b = bed and breakfast
departures chart             Don´t get off the train until   Puncture                      Have no vacancy
Inquiry about one´s flight   it stops                        Overlook the road signs       Resort hotel
Hijack the plane             This compartment is for         Ticket for speeding           Make early booking
Collect one´s baggage        first class ticket holders      Brakes out of order           Tourist home be full up
from a carousel              only                            Have a skid                   Youth hostel
The customs examine the      main hall                       Breach                        Motel
baggage                      Subway                          Knock sb down                 Receptionist      reception
charge                       waiting room                    Filling petrol , gas,         desk
Charter flight                connection to                  Run sb over                   Porter
Canceled                     information desk                Run out of                    check-in / sign the guest
Postponed                     left luggage office            Car park                      book
Off-season flight            ticket office                   Fill up the car with petrol   Chamber-maid
a voyage to – cesta, výprava                 control tower – riadiaca veža
accelerator pedal – plynový pedál            countryside - vidiek
accident - nehoda                            crash helmet – ochranná prilba
accommodation - ubytovanie                   crew - posádka
adventure holiday – dobrodružná dovolenka    crossroads - križovatka
aeroplane - lietadlo                         crowded - preplnený
aircraft – lietadlo, letecvo                 cruise – výlentá plavba
airhostess - letuška                         cruise ship – výletná loď
airlines - aerolínie                         cycle – ísť na bicykli
airport - letisko aisle - ulička             damage - poškodiť
historical monuments – historické pamiatky   dead end – slepá ulica
all inclusive – so všetkým                   delay - meškanie
apply for a visa – požiadať o víza           depart – odcestovať, odísť
arrival - príchod                            departure lounge – odletová hala
ask for directions – opýtať sa na cestu      detour - obchádzka
at the speed of – rýchlosť                   direct connection – priamy spoj
back seat – zadné sedadlo                    disastrous holiday – katastrofálna dovolenka
backpacking – lacné cestovanie               distant - vzdialený
baggage claim – výdaj batožiny               dock – prístav, lodenica
baggage dimensions - rozmery                 double room – dvojlôžková izba
be in a hurry – ponáhľať sa                  double-decker bus – poschodový autobus
be on a tour – na zájazde                    drink-driving – riadenie pod vplyvom
bed and breakfast – nocľah s raňajkami       drive with caution – jazdiť opatrne
belongings – osobný majetok                  driver’s seat – vodičove sedadlo
board – strava, paluba                       driving licence – vodičskký preukaz
boarding card – palubná karta                driving school - autoškola
book a room/ ticket - objednať               driving test – vodičská skúška
booking office - pokladňa                    drop off - vyložiť
briefcase - diplomatka                       economy class – úsporná trieda
buckle up – pripútať sa                      eco-tourism - ekoturizmus
bump into – naraziť do                       emergency brake – záchranná brzda
bumper - nárazník                            empty seat – voľné sedadlo
bus pass -                                   exclusive - exkluzívny
business class – prvá trieda                 excursion - exkurzia
business trip – služobná cesta               exhaust fumes – výfukové plyny
by air/rail/road/sea/tain/underground        exotic - exotický
bypass - obchvat                             experience – zážitok, skúsenosť
cab - taxík                                  explore – skúmať, bádať
cable car - lanovka                          express train – expresný vlak
campsite - kemp                              faraway destination – vzdialený cieľ
cancel reservation – zrušiť rezerváciu       fare - cestovné
captain - kapitán                            fasten your seat belt – pripútajte sa
car crash - autonehoda                       ferry - trajekt
car insurance - poistenie                    final call – posledná výzva
caravan - príves                             find your way – nájsť cestu
cargo ship – nákladná loď                    fine - pokuta
carriage - vozeň                             first-class – prvá trieda
carsick – nevolnosť v aute                   flexible - pružný
catch a train – chytiť vlak                  flight - let
change gears – preradiť rýchlosť             flight attendant - letuška
charge - účtovať                             fly - lietať
charter flight – špeciálne lietadlo          footpath - chodník
check in/out – odhlásiť, prihlásiť sa        foreign currency – cudzia mena
citizens - občan                             forest - les
climate - podnebie                           freeway - diaľnica
coach – diaľkový autobus                     front seat – predné sedadlo
cockpit – pilotova kabína                    full board – plná penzia
collect somebody – vyzdvyhnúť niekoho        fully booked - plný
come to a stop - zastaviť                    further from – ďalej od
commute - dochádzať                          garage - garáž
commuter – ten čo dochádza                   gate – brána, terminál
compartment – kabína, kupé                   gears - rýchlosti
compass - kompas                             get hit by a car - naraziť
connection – spoj, spojenie                  get in - nastúpiť
get lost – stratiť sa                        luxury – luxus, prepych
get of the bus – nastúpiť do autobusu        main road – hlavná cesta
get on/off – nastúpiť/vystúpiť               make a reservation - rezervovať
give a lift - odviezť                        maximum weight – maximálna hmotnosť
give a ride - odviezť                        mechanic - mechanik
give directions - nasmerovať                 meter - merač
give way – dať prednosť                      miss a train – zmeškať vlak
go abroad – ísť do zahraničia                moped - moped
go on holiday – ísť na dovolenku             motel - motel
go overseas – ísť do zámoria                 motorcycle - motocykel
go sightseeing – prezeranie pamätihodností   mountainous - hornatý
gondola - gondola                            natives - domorodci
guest - hosť                                 navigation - navigácia
guidebook – turistický sprievodca            nearby - neďaleký
hail a taxi – zavolať na taxík               non-smoker - nefajčiarsky
half board - polpenzia                       on foot - peši
hand luggage – ručná batožina                on holiday – na dovolenke
harbour - prístav                            on schedule - presne
have a day off – mať deň voľna               on the road – na ceste
helicopter - helikoptéra                     on the train – vo vlaku
helipad – pristávacia plocha                 on time - včas
high season – plná sezóna                    on-way ticket
highjack – prepadnúť, uniesť                 organize - organizovať
high-speed trains – vysokorýchlostné vlaky   overtake a car – predbehnúť auto
hiking – pešia turistika                     oxygen mask – kyslíková maska
hitch-hike - stopovať                        pack - zbaliť
hitch-hiker - stopár                         package holiday – dovolenka v balíku
holidaymaker – recreant, výlentík            parking meter - parkometer
homesick – cnieť za domovom                  parking space - parkovisko
homesickness – žiaľ za domovom               parking ticket – pokuta za parkovanie
home-swapping – výmena                       passenger - pasažier
horn - trúbiť                                passenger train – osobný vlak
hot air balloon – horkovzdušný balón         passport control – pasová kontrola
hovercraft - vznášadlo                       pavement - chodník
how far – ako ďaleko                         pedestrian - chodec
icebreaker - ľadoborec                       petrol station – benzínová pumpa
in time – načas                              petrol tank - nádrž
included in the price – zahrnutý v cene      pick up/drop off passengers – zobrať/vysadiť
information office – informačná kancelária   plane crash – letecká havária
inhabitants - obyvatelia                     plane ticket – letenka
insurance company - poisťovňa                platform - nástupište
inter-city buses – medzimestské autobusy     police officer - policajt
intercity train – intercity                  pollution - znečistenie
island - ostrov                              port - prístav
journey - cesta                              porter – nosič batožiny
jumbo jet – prúdové lietadlo                 provide - poskytnúť
junction - križovatka                        public transportation – hromadná doprava
land – súš, pevnina, krajina                 puncture - defekt
landscape - krajinka                         railway guide – cestovný poriadok
left-luggage office – úschovňa batožiny      railway station – železničná stanica
life insurance – životné poistenie           rainforest – dažďový prales
life jacket – záchranná vesta                receptionist - recepčný
lifeboat – záchranný čln                     refreshment - občerstvenie
lifestyle – životný štýl                     rent a car – prenajať si auto
limousine - limuzína                         rental car – automobil z požičovne
litter – odpadky, smeti                      requirements - požiadavky
local community – miestne spoločenstvo       rescue team – záchranný tím
local tradition – miestne zvyky              reserve a seat – rezervovať miesto
locals – miestni obyvatelia                  restaurant car – reštauračný vozeň
long distance - diaľkový                     return ticket – obojsmerný lístok
long weekend – predĺžený výkend              rickshaw - rikša
lorry driver – vodič nákladného automobilu   right of way – prednosť v jazde
low season – mimo sezónu                     road map - automapa
luggage rack – polica na batožinu            road sign – dopravná značka
route – trasa, cesta                         ticket office – predaj cestovných lístkov
rucksack - ruksak                            timetable – cestovný poriadok
ruins of castles                             token - žetón
run sb over – zraziť niekoho                 tour – zájazd, turné
running costs – prevádzkové náklady          tourism – turistický ruch
running late - meškať                        tow away - odtiahnuť
runway – pristávacia dráha                   traffic jam – dopravný zápcha
safari - safari                              traffic lights - semafór
safety/seat belt – bezpečnostný pás          traffic offence – dopravný priestupok
sail – plaviť sa                             traffic rules – dopravné pravidlá
sailboat - plachetnica                       tram - električka
school bus – školský autobus                 transport - doprava
seamen - námorník                            travel agency – cestovná kancelária
seasick – mať morskú chorobu                 travel insurance – cestovné poistenie
seaside resort – prímorské letovisko         traveller - cestovateľ
season ticket – sezónny lístok               trip - výlet
security check – bezpečnostná kontrola       trunk - kufor
sedan - sedan                                tunnel - tunel
see off - vyprevadiť                         turbulence - turbulencia
see the sights – pozrieť si pamiatky         underground - metro
servicing - obsluha                          unleaded petrol – bezolovnatý benzín
set out on a journey – vydať san a cestu     unpack – vybaliť sa
ship - loď                                   vacant seat – voľné sedadlo
shortcut - skratka                           vaccination - očkovanie
single room – izba s jednou posteľou         valid ticket – platný lístok
single ticket – jednosmerný lístok           value - hodnota
sink - potopiť                               van – dodávakový voz
skiing resort – lytiaťske stredisko          vehicle - vozidlo
sleep in a tent – spať v stane               view from a window – výhľad z okna
sleep in the open – spať pod holým nebom     visa - víza
sleeper car – spací vozeň                    waiting room - čakáreň
sleeping bag – spací vak                     wheelchair – invalidný vozík
slow down - spomaliť                         window/aisle seat – sedalo pri uličke/okne
slow lane – pruh pre pomalšie vozidlá             zebra crossing - pechod pre chodcov
souvenir - suvenír
space travel – cestovanie vo vesmíre
spaceship – vesmírna loď
spacesuit - skafander
speed limit – rýchlostné obmedzenie
speed up – rýchlo jazdiť
speeding – prekročenie povolenej rýchlosti
sports car – športové auto
starting point – východzí bod
stay at a hotel – ubytovaný v hotely
steering wheel - volant
steward - steward
stewardess - letuška
submarine - ponorka
suburb - predmestie
subway - metro
suitcase - kufor
summer camp – letný tábor
summer holidays – letné prádzniny
take a bus – ísť autobusom
take a rest – odpočinúť si
take a wrong turning – nesprávne zabočiť
take off - zvlietnuť
taken - obsadené
tandem - tandem
taxi driver - taxikár
taxi rank – stanovište pre taxíky
the rush hour – dopravná špička
thumb a lift - stopovať
ticket collector - sprievodca

								
To top