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English - Irregular Verbs

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					              Base Form                     Simple Past Tense     Past Participle         ING Form
arise = surgir, levanter, erguer-se          arose              arisen                   arising
Awake = acordar, despertar                   awoke              awoken                   awaking
backslide = deteriorar, retroceder;          backslid           backslidden / backslid   backsliding
be = ser, estar                              was, were          been                     being
bear = sustentar; tolerar; sofrer;           bore               born                     bearing
beat = bater; espancar; superar; vibrar      beat               beat                     beating
become = tornar-se                           became             become                   becoming
begin = começar                              began              begun                    beginning
bend = inclinar-se, curvar-se, dobrar-se     bent               bent                     bending
beset = importunar, incomodar                beset              beset                    besetting
bet = apostar                                bet                bet                      betting
bid (farewell) = oferecer; convidar          bid / bade         bidden                   biding
bid (offer amount) = leiloar                 bid                bid                      biding
bind = atar; amarrar; obrigar                bound              bound                    binding
bite = morder                                bit                bitten                   biting
bleed = sangrar                              bled               bled                     bleeding
blow = soprar                                blew               blown                    blowing
break = quebrar                              broke              broken                   breaking
breed = procriar; gerar                      bred               bred                     breeding
bring = trazer                               brought            brought                  bringing
broadcast = transmitir; difundir             broadcast          broadcast                broadcasting
build = construir, edificar; fabricar        built              built                    building
burn = queimar; incendiar; carbonizar        burned/burnt       burned/burnt             burning
burst = arrebentar; explodir                 burst              burst                    bursting
buy = comprar                                bought             bought                   buying
cast = arremessar, jogar, lançar;            cast               cast                     casting
catch = pegar                                caught             caught                   catching
choose = escolher                            chose              chosen                   choosing
cling = agarrar, pregar, grudar, segurar     clung              clung                    clinging
clothe = vestir, cobrir                      clothed / clad     clothed / clad           clothing
come = vir                                   came               come                     coming
cost = custar                                cost               cost                     costing
creep = rastejar, arrastar-se no chão;       crept              crept                    creeping
crossbreed = cruzar raças                    crossbred          crossbred                crossbreeding
cut = cortar                                 cut                cut                      cutting
                                             daydreamed /       daydreamed /
daydream = sonhar acordado                                                               daydreming
                                             daydreamt          daydreamt
deal = negociar, lidar                       dealt              dealt                    dealing
dig = cavar                                  dug                dug                      digging
disprove = refutar, alegar                   disproved          disproved / disproven    disproving
dive (jump head-first) = mergulhar de cabeça dove / dived       dived                    diving
dive (scuba diving) = mergulhar              dived / dove       dived                    diving
do = fazer                                   did                done                     doing
draw = desenhar                              drew               drawn                    drawing
dream = sonhar                                   dreamed/dreamt    dreamed/dreamt    dreaming
drive = dirigir, guiar                           drove             driven            driving
drink = beber                                    drank             drunk             drinking
dwell = residir; ficar por um tempo              dwelt / dwelled   dwelt / dwelled   dwelling
eat = comer                                      ate               eaten             eating
fall = cair                                      fell              fallen            falling
feed = alimentar                                 fed               fed               feeding
feel = sentir                                    felt              felt              feeling
fight = lutar, combater                          fought            fought            fighting
find = encontrar                                 found             found             finding
fit (tailor, change size) = combinar, encaixar   fitted / fit      fitted / fit      fitting
fit (be right size) = caber; ajustar             fit / fitted      fit / fitted      fitting
flee = fugir, escapar                            fled              fled              fleeing
fling = lançar; arremessar; atirar;              flung             flung             flinging
fly = voar; viajar (aérea);                      flew              flown             flying
forbid = proibir; impedir; evitar; vetar         forbade           forbidden         forbiding
forecast = prever, profetizar; projetar          forecast          forecast          forecasting
forego (forgo) = anteceder a algo, vir
                                                 forewent          foregone          foregoing
diante de algo, preceder
foresee = prever, antever                        foresaw           foreseen          foreseeing
foretell = prognosticar, prever;
                                                 foretold          foretold          foretelling
profetizar
forget = esquecer                                forgot            forgotten         forgetting
forgive = perdoar                                forgave           forgiven          forgiving
forsake = abandonar, desertar,                   forsook           forsaken          forsaking
freeze = congelar; refrigerar; gelar             froze             frozen            freezing
frostbite = enregelar, causar ulceração
pelo frio, enregelamento parcial dos             frostbit          frostbitten       frostbiting
dedos, orelhas
get = conseguir, obter                           got               gotten            getting
give = dar                                       gave              given             giving
go = ir                                          went              gone              going
grind = triturar; pulverizar; afiar;
amolar; ralar; esfregar; ranger os               ground            ground            grinding
dentes; persistir (nos estudos)
grow = crescer                                   grew              grown             growing
hand-feed = alimentar com a mão                  hand-fed          hand-fed          hand-feeding
handwrite = manuscrever, escrever a
                                                 handwrote         handwritten       handwriting
mão
hang = enforcar; ser enforcado;
                                                 hung              hung              hanging
(informática) travar, parar de funcionar
have = ter                                       had               had               having
hear = ouvir                                     heard             heard             hearing
hew = reduzir; cortar (com machado)              hewed             hewn / hewed      hewing
hide = esconder                                  hid               hidden            hiding
hit = bater                                      hit               hit               hitting
hold = segurar                                   held              held              holding
hurt = ferir; doer; magoar;                      hurt                    hurt               hurting
inbreed = cruzar animais de uma
                                                 inbred                  inbred             inbreeding
mesma raça/sangue
inlay = enquadrar, cravar                        inlaid                  inlaid             inlaying
input = entrada, informação fornecida a
um computador para posterior
                                                 input / inputted        input / inputted   inputting
processamento (Informática); algo que
é inserido;
interbreed = cruzar, produzir híbridos           interbred               interbred          interbreeding
interweave = trançar; combinar;                                          interwoven /
                                                 interwove / interweaved                    interweaving
entremear; tecer; mesclar; misturar                                      interweaved
interwind = entrelaçar, intregar                 interwound              interwound         interwinding
jerry-build = construir às pressas,
                                                 jerry-built             jerry-built        jerry-building
construir de forma negligente
keep = guardar, manter                           kept                    kept               keeping
kneel = ajoelhar-se                              knelt                   knelt              kneeling
knit = tricotar; atar; enlaçar; unir; ligar;
                                                 knit                    knit               kniting
fazer renda
know = conhecer, saber                           knew                    know               knowing
lay = pôr, meter, colocar, estender,
enterrar, deitar, acalmar, aquietar,
                                                 laid                    laid               laying
aplacar; ordenar, mandar; traçar,
projetar
lead = conduzir, guiar, comandar                 led                     led                leading
leap = saltar, pular, transportar; cobrir
                                                 leaped/leapt            leaped/leapt       leaping
(os animais)
learn = aprender                                 learned/learnt          learned/learnt     learning
leave = deixar, partir                           left                    left               leaving
lend = emprestar                                 lent                    lent               lending
let = deixar, permitir                           let                     let                letting
lie = deitar; descansar; estar deitado;
                                                 lay                     lain               ling
encostar-se; repousar; estar situado
lie (not tell truth) REGULAR = mentir, enganar   lied                    lied               ling
light = iluminar                                 lighted/lit             lighted            lighting
lip-read = ler os lábios                         lip-read                lip-read           lip-reading
lose = perder                                    lost                    lost               losing
make = fazer                                     made                    made               making
mean = significar                                meant                   meant              meaning
meet = encontrar                                 met                     met                meeting
miscast = enganar-se na distribuição
dos papéis (teatro, etc); enganar-se no          miscast                 miscast            miscasting
cálculo (matemática)
misdeal = dar as cartas de forma errada,
dar as cartas inapropiadamente (num              misdealt                misdealt           misdealting
jogo de cartas)
misdo = agir mal                                 misdid                  misdone            misdoing
mishear = escutar errado, errar no
                                                 misheard                misheard           mishearing
entendimento do que foi dito
mislay = perder, colocar em lugar
                                                  mislaid                  mislaid                 mislaying
errado
mislead = enganar, mostrar o caminho
                                                  misled                   misled                  misleading
errado, iludir
mislearn = aprender errado                        mislearned / mislearnt   mislearned / mislearnt mislearning
misread = ler errado, traduzir errado             misread                  misread                misreading
misset = colocar errado                           misset                   misset                 misseting
misspeak = falar errado, cometer um
                                                  misspoke                 misspoken               misspeaking
erro de pronúncia
misspell = soletrar de forma errada,
                                                  misspelled / misspelt    misspelled / misspelt   misspelling
equivocar-se na ortografia
misspend = esbanjar, desperdiçar,
                                                  misspent                 misspent                misspending
gastar demais
mistake = errar; cometer um lapso                 mistook                  mistaken                mistaking
misteach = ensinar incorretamente, de
                                                  mistaught                mistaught               misteaching
maneira errada
misunderstand = entender mal,
                                                                                                   misunderstandin
equivocar-se, enganar-se, compreender             misunderstood            misunderstood
                                                                                                   g
mal
miswrite = escrever errado                        miswrote                 miswritten              miswriting
mow = cortar (grama), picar                       mowed                    mowed/mown              mowing
offset = contrabalançar, compensar;
indenizar; imprimir (pelo método                  offset                   offset                  offseting
offset)
outbid = oferecer um preço mais alto
                                                  outbid                   outbid                  outbiding
que
outbreed = fazer criação                          outbred                  outbred                 outbreeding
outdo = ultrapassar, exceder                      outdid                   outdone                 outdoing
outdraw = sacar (arma) mais rápido do
que o inimigo; possuir força de atração           outdrew                  outdrawn                outdrawing
superior aos demais
outdrink = beber demais                           outdrank                 outdrunk                outdrinking
outdrive = dirigir mais e melhor                  outdrove                 outdriven               outdriving
outfight = combater melhor do que-;
                                                  outfought                outfought               outfighting
vencer no combate sobre-
outfly = voar melhor do que                       outflew                  outflown                outflying
outgrow = crescer mais rápido que-                outgrew                  outgrown                outgrowing
outleap = pular diante de, saltar mais
                                                  outleaped / outleapt     outleaped / outleapt    outleaping
que
outlie (not tell truth) REGULAR = ficar situado
                                                  outlied                  outlied                 outling
além de um limite
outride = montar melhor que-; montar
                                                  outrode                  outridden               outtriding
mais rápido
outrun = correr mais rápido que-;
                                                  outran                   outrun                  outruning
ultrapassar o-
outsell = vender mais que; vender mais
                                                  outsold                  outsold                 outselling
rápido que
outshine = brilhar mais; brilhar por
                                                  outshined / outshone     outshined / outshone    outshining
mais tempo
outshoot = atirar melhor que-, ser
                                          outshot                 outshot                 outshooting
melhor em tiro que-
outsing = cantar melhor que               outsang                 outsung                 outsinging
outsit = sentar mais que, por mais
                                          outsat                  outsat                  outsiting
tempo
outsleep = dormir demais                  outslept                outslept                outsleeping
outsmell = cheirar demais                 outsmelled / outsmelt   outsmelled / outsmelt   outsmelling
outspeak = falar demais                   outspoke                outspoken               outspeaking
outspeed = mover com velocidade;
                                          outsped                 outsped                 outspeeding
dirigir muito rápido
outspend = gastar além da conta,
                                          outspent                outspent                outspending
estourar o orçamento
outswear = jurar demais                   outswore                outsworn                outswearing
outswim = nadar melhor que-; nadar
                                          outswam                 outswum                 outswimming
mais rápido que-
outthink = pensar mais tempo que; ser
                                          outthought              outthought              outthinking
mais inteligente que
outthrow = arremessar melhor que,
                                          outthrew                outthrown               outthrowing
mais rápido que
outwrite = escrever melhor e mais
                                          outwrote                outwritten              outwriting
rápido que
overbid = oferecer um preço
exagerado; oferecer proposta de preço     overbid                 overbid                 overbiding
alta de mais
overbreed = procriar; gerar; fazer
                                          overbred                overbred                overbreeding
criação em excesso
overbuild = construir em demasia          overbuilt               overbuilt               overbuilding
overbuy = comprar demais                  overbought              overbought              overbuying
overcome = sujeitar, submeter, superar    overcame                overcome                overcome
overdo = exagerar, abusar; sobrepujar;
                                          overdid                 overdone                overdo
fatigar-se
overdraw = sacar a descoberto, emitir
                                          overdrew                overdrawn               overdrawing
cheques sem fundo (no banco)
overdrink = exagerar na bebida            overdrank               overdrunk               overdrinking
overeat = exagerar na comida              overate                 overeaten               overeating
overfeed = alimentar demais; exagerar
                                          overfed                 overfed                 overfeeding
na alimentação
overhang = ressaltar, sobressair; ficar
                                          overhung                overhung                overhanging
preso sobre-; saltar sobre
overhear = ouvir por acaso; ouvir
                                          overheard               overheard               overhearing
aleatoriamente
overlay = cobrir, revestir                overlaid                overlaid                overlaying
overpay = pagar demais; dar um salário
                                          overpaid                overpaid                overpaying
alto demais
override = exceder; cancelar (decisão,
                                          overrode                overridden              overriding
autoridade);
overrun = invadir; expandir; inundar;
exceder; ultrapassar; transbordar;        overran                 overrun                 overrunning
imprimir em excesso
oversee = fiscalizar, inspecionar,
                                         oversaw                   overseen                overseeing
administrar
oversell = vender mais do que pode ser
                                         oversold                  oversold                overselling
produzido ou fornecido
oversew = costurar; juntar, pregar em
                                         oversewed                 oversewn / oversewed oversewing
excesso
overshoot = atirar além de-; errar o
                                         overshot                  overshot                overshooting
alvo, errar o objetivo
oversleep = dormir além da conta,
                                         overslept                 overslept               oversleeping
dormir demasiadamente
overspeak = falar demais                 overspoke                 overspoken              overspeaking
overspend = tirar de mais (dinheiro);
                                         overspent                 overspent               overspending
gastar demais (dinheiro)
overspill = aquilo que foi derramado;
                                         overspilled / overspilt   overspilled / overspilt overspilling
(ato de ) derramar ou entornar
overtake = alcançar (um objetivo),
                                         overtook                  overtaken               overtaking
conseguir; atacar repentinamente
overthink = pensar demais                overthought               overthought             overthinking
overthrow = lançar uma bola além da
marca (Esporte); causar a queda (de um
                                         overthrew                 overthrown              overthrowing
governo, de um objeto); terminar,
abolir, pôr fim; ejetar, expelir
overwind = dar corda em excesso          overwound                 overwound               overwinding
overwrite = escrever demais              overwrote                 overwritten             overwriting
partake = partilhar; participar          partook                   partaken                partaking
pay = pagar                              paid                      paid                    paying
plead = alegar; defender; implorar       pled                      pled                    pleading
prebuild = construir previamente         prebuilt                  prebuilt                prebuilding
predo = estar previamente                predid                    predone                 predoing
premake = fazer previamente              premade                   premade                 premaking
prepay = pagar previamente               prepaid                   prepaid                 prepaying
presell = comprar previamente            presold                   presold                 preselling
preset = preparar anteriormente;
colocar anteriormente, posicionar        preset                    preset                  presetting
previamente
preshrink = escolher previamente         preshrank                 preshrunk               preshrinking
proofread = corrigir; revisar            proofread                 proofread               proofreading
prove = provar; mostrar; tentar;
                                         proved                    proved/proven           proving
demonstrar; verificar
put = pôr                                put                       put                     putting
quick-freeze - congelamento rápido,
                                         quick-froze               quick-frozen            quick-freezing
submeter a congelação rápida.
quit = abandonar; largar; sair;
desocupar (apartamento); desistir;       quit / quitted            quit / quitted          quitting
soltar; livrar-se; se despedir
read = ler                               read                      read                    reading
reawake = despertar de novo              reawoke                   reawaken                reawaking
rebid = reoferta                         rebid                     rebid                   rebiding
rebind = reatar                               rebound                  rebound                  rebinding
                                              rebroadcast /            rebroadcast /
rebroadcast = transmitir novamente                                                              rebroadcasting
                                              rebroadcasted            rebroadcasted
rebuild = reconstruir                         rebuilt                  rebuilt                  rebuilding
recast = reformar, dar a forma
                                              recast                   recast                   recasting
novamente; passar a limpo
recut = recortar                              recut                    recut                    recuting
redeal = renegociação; revenda                redealt                  redealt                  redealing
redo = refazer, fazer novamente               redid                    redone                   redoing
redraw = fazer novo projeto ou
                                              redrew                   redrawn                  redrawing
desenho, redesenhar
refit (replace parts) = equipar de novo       refit / refitted         refit / refitted         refiting
refit (retailor) =                            refitted / refit         refitted / refit         refitting
regrind = rerretificar; tornar a retificar;
reesmerilar; reesmerilhar; tornar a           reground                 reground                 regrinding
esmerilar ou esmerilhar
regrow = crescer novamente, nascer
                                              regrew                   regrown                  regrowing
novamente, florescer novamente
rehang = pendurar novamente, enforcar
                                              rehung                   rehung                   rehanging
novamente, dependurar renovadamente
rehear = preparar audição novamente,
                                              reheard                  reheard                  rehearing
refazer depoimento
reknit = tricotar novamente                   reknitted / reknit       reknitted / reknit       reknitting
relay (for example tiles) =                   relaid                   relaid                   relaying
relay (pass along) REGULAR =                  relayed                  relayed                  relaying
relearn = reaprender                          relearned / relearnt     relearned / relearnt     relearning
relight = reacender, ligar novamente,
                                              relit / relighted        relit / relighted        relighting
acender uma vez mais
remake = refazer                              remade                   remade                   remaking
repay = reembolsar, indenizar, retribuir      repaid                   repaid                   repaying
reread = reler                                reread                   reread                   rereading
rerun = reprise                               reran                    rerun                    rerunning
resell = revender                             resold                   resold                   reselling
resend = mandar de volta                      resent                   resent                   resending
reset = zerar                                 reset                    reset                    resetting
resew = costurar novamente                    resewed                  resewn / resewed         resewing
retake = pegar de volta; pagar de novo        retook                   retaken                  retaking
reteach = reensinar                           retaught                 retaught                 reteaching
retear = romper novamente                     retore                   retorn                   retearing
retell = recontar                             retold                   retold                   retelling
rethink = repensar                            rethought                rethought                rethinking
retread = recauchutar                         retread                  retread                  retreading
retrofit = melhorar, aperfeiçoar              retrofitted / retrofit   retrofitted / retrofit   retrofitting
(equipamento)
rewake = reacordar                            rewoke / rewaked         rewaken / rewaked        rewaking
rewear = reusar (roupas)                      rewore                   reworn                   rewearing
reweave = tecer novamente                     rewove / reweaved        rewoven / reweaved       reweaving
rewed = reunir                              rewed / rewedded        rewed / rewedded       reweding
rewet = reencharcar                         rewet / rewetted        rewet / rewetted       rewetting
rewin = reobter                             rewon                   rewon                  rewining
rewind = ventilar novamente                 rewound                 rewound                rewinding
rewrite = reescrever                        rewrote                 rewritten              rewriting
rid = libertar; resgatar; livrar (-se)      rid                     rid                    ridding
ride = cavalgar                             rode                    ridden                 riding
ring = tocar                                rang                    rung                   ringing
rise = levantar, aumentar                   rose                    risen                  rising
roughcast = esboçar, modelar em bruto       roughcast               roughcast              roughcasting
run = correr; fugir, escapar; executar
um programa (Informática); realizar,        ran                     run                    running
cumprir; funcionar; ativar; continuar
sand-cast = fundir em molde de areia        sand-cast               sand-cast              sand-casting
saw = serrar                                sawed                   sawed/sawn             sawing
say = dizer                                 said                    said                   saying
see = ver                                   saw                     seen                   seeing
seek = buscar                               sought                  sought                 seeking
sell = vender                               sold                    sold                   selling
send = enviar, mandar                       sent                    sent                   sending
set = pôr, colocar; preparar; usar;
                                            set                     set                    setting
arrumar; causar; marcar; servir; ajustar
sew = costurar; juntar, pregar              sewed                   sewed/sewn             sewing
shake = sacudir, balancer                   shook                   shaken                 shaking
shave = fazer a barba; barbear              shaved                  shaved/shaven          shaving
shear = tosquiar; tosar; aparar             shore                   shorn                  shearing
shed = derramar; vazar                      shed                    shed                   shedding
shine = brilhar, luzir, cintilar,
                                            shone                   shone                  shining
resplandecer
shit = defecar, cagar, evacuar              shit / shat / shitted   shit/ shat / shitted   shitting
shoe = calçar                               shoed                   shoed/shod             shoeing
shoot = atirar, disparar                    shot                    shot                   shooting
show = mostrar                              showed                  showed/shown           showing
shrink = contrair-se; encolher-se           shrank                  shrunk                 shrinking
shut = fechar                               shut                    shut                   shutting
sight-read =                                sight-read              sight-read             sight-reading
sing = cantar                               sang                    sung                   singing
sink = afundar; afogar                      sank                    sunk                   sinking
sit = sentar-se                             sat                     sat                    sitting
slay (kill) = matar, assassinar             slew / slayed           slain / slayed         sleeping
slay (amuse) REGULAR = destruir, arruinar   slayed                  slayed                 slaying
sleep = dormir                              slept                   slept                  slaying
slide = deslizar, escorregar                slid                    slid                   sliding
sling = atirar, arremessar                  slung                   slung                  slinging
slink = escapar                             slinked / slunk         slinked / slunk        slinking
slit = fender, rachar, abrir brecha         slit                    slit                   slitting
smell = cheirar                             smelled / smelt        smelled / smelt        smelling
smite = golpear; ferir                      smote                  smitten                smiting
sneak = esquivar-se                         sneaked / snuck        sneaked / snuck        sneaking
sow = semear; espalhar, disseminar          sowed                  sowed/sown             sowing
speak = falar                               spoke                  spoken                 speaking
speed = velocidade; rapidez
                                            sped                   sped                   speeding
estimulante; acelerador (no carro)
spend = passar, gastar                      spent                  spent                  spending
spell = soletrar                            spelled / spelt        spelled / spelt        spelling
spill = entornar; derramar;                 spilled/spilt          spilled/spilt          spilling
spin = protelar; dilatar; prolongar,
                                            spun                   spun                   spinning
adiar; fiar; fazer girar; virar-se
spit = cuspir; escarrar; vomitar            spit/spat              spit                   spiting
split = fender, rachar; dividir; partir     split                  split                  splitting
spoil = estragar; corromper                 spoiled / spoilt       spoiled / spoilt       spoiling
spoon-feed = dar de comer com colher,
                                            spoon-fed              spoon-fed              spoon-feeding
dar tudo mastigado a
spread = dilatar-se, estender-se;
                                            spread                 spread                 spreading
espalhar, esparramar
spring = saltar, lançar-se; libertar-se     sprang/sprung          sprung                 springing
stand = ficar, estar de pé                  stood                  stood                  standing
steal = furtar                              stole                  stolen                 stealing
stick = cravar, fincar, meter, enterrar     stuck                  stuck                  sticking
sting = picar, ferroar                      stung                  stung                  stinging
stink = feder; enojar                       stank                  stunk                  stinking
strew = espalhar, polvilhar, aspergir       strewed                strewn / strewed       strewing
stride = caminhar; cavalgar                 strod                  stridden               striding
strike = bater, golpear; fulminar           struck                 struck                 striking
string = amarrar; pendurar                  strung                 strung                 stringing
strive = aspirar; tentar, esforçar-se       strove                 striven                striving
sublet = sublocar                           sublet                 sublet                 subletting
sunburn = bronzear; bronzear-se             sunburned / sunburnt   sunburned / sunburnt   sunburning
swear = jurar                               swore                  sworn                  swearing
sweat = suar; trabalhar duro                sweat / sweated        sweat / sweated        sweating
sweep = varrer                              swept                  swept                  sweeping
swell = inchar, encher (os pneus)           swelled                swelled/swollen        swelling
swim = nadar; flutuar; boiar                swam                   swum                   swimming
swing = balançar                            swung                  swung                  swinging
take = pegar; tirar; tomar; segurar;
agarrar; receber; capturar; aprisionar;
                                            took                   taken                  taking
aceitar; fotografar; empregar; adotar;
entender; guiar; conseguir
teach = ensinar; educar                     taught                 taught                 teaching
tear = chorar, lacrimejar; rasgar, rachar   tore                   torn                   tearing
telecast = televisionar                     telecast               telecast               telecasting
tell = contar                               told                   told                   telling
test-drive = dirigir um veículo para
                                            test-drove             test-driven            test-driving
testá-lo, antes de comprá-lo
test-fly = vôo experimental                 test-flew              test-flown             test-flying
think = pensar; acreditar                   thought                thought                thinking
thrive = prosperar                          thrived/throve         thrived                thriving
throw = jogar; parir; impressionar          threw                  thrown                 throwing
thrust = empurrar                           thrust                 thrust                 thrusting
tread = pisar, andar, pôr os pés            trod                   trodden                treading
typecast = distribuir papéis para formar
                                            typecast               typecast               typecasting
elenco
typeset = imprimir ordenadamente            typeset                typeset                typesetting
typewrite = datilografar, bater a
                                            typewrote              typewritten            typewriting
máquina
unbend =                                    unbent                 unbent                 unbending
unbind =                                    unbound                unbound                unbinding
unclothe = roupas íntimas, roupas de
                                            unclothed / unclad     unclothed / unclad     unclothing
baixo
underbid = oferecer menos, oferecer
                                            underbid               underbid               underbidding
preço menor
undercut = baratear                         undercut               undercut               undercutting
underfeed = fornecer alimentos de
                                            underfed               underfed               underfeeding
forma insuficiente
undergo = submeter-se                       underwent              undergone              undergoing
underlie = dar suporte, sustentar,
                                            underlay               underlain              underlying
fundamentar
undersell = vender por preço inferior a     undersold              undersold              underselling
underspend = gastar de menos                underspent             underspent             underspending
understand = deduzir                        understood             understood             understanding
undertake = tomar para si,
                                            undertook              undertaken             undertaking
responsabilizar-se por
underwrite = subscrever                     underwrote             underwritten           underwriting
undo = desfazer, desamarrar,
                                            undid                  undone                 undoing
desabotoar, cancelar, anular
unfreeze = descongelar (preços)             unfroze                unfrozen               unfreezing
unhang =                                    unhung                 unhung                 unhanging
unhide =                                    unhid                  unhidden               unhiding
unknit = desfiar (malha), desembaraçar,
                                            unknitted / unknit     unknitted / unknit     unkniting
desemaranhar
unlearn = aprender o contrário; estudar
                                            unlearned / unlearnt   unlearned / unlearnt   unlearning
o oposto
unsew =                                     unsewed                unsewn / unsewed       unsewing
unsling =                                   unslung                unslung                unslinging
unspin =                                    unspun                 unspun                 unspining
unstick =libertar, soltar, descolar (algo
                                            unstuck                unstuck                unsticking
colante)
unstring = afrouxar ou tirar as cordas
de, desencordoar (instrumento) ,            unstrung               unstrung               unstringing
desenfiar (contas, pérolas etc.) ,
esforçar exageradamente, afrouxar,
relaxar (músculos, nervos), enervar
unweave = desamarrar, destrançar;
                                           unwove / unweaved   unwoven / unweaved   unweaving
desenredar
unwind = liberar, desatar, abrir; aclarar-
                                           unwound             unwound              unwinding
se
uphold = sustentar, patrocinar;
                                           upheld              upheld               upholding
confirmar, ver positivamente
upset = preocupar, angustiar; derrubar,
                                           upset               upset                upsetting
virar; desarranjar, desordenar
wake = acordar; despertar;                 woke                woken                waking
waylay = armar ciladas; surpreender
                                           waylaid             waylaid              waylaying
alguém; assaltar
wear = vestir; trancar; experimentar
                                           wore                worn                 wearing
(roupas, jóias, etc); colocar (óculos)
weave = tecer, entrelaçar, trançar;
contorcer-se (entre obstáculos); bordar; weaved/wove           weaved/woven         weaving
criar (trama); tramar
wed = casar(-se), desposar(-se),
                                           wed                 wed                  wedding
contrair matrimônio
weep = chorar; verter lágrimas;            wept                wept                 weeping
wet = encharcar; umedecer, molhar;
                                           wet / wetted        wet / wetted         wetting
fazer xixi na cama; urinar
whet REGULAR = afiar, amolar;
                                           whetted             whetted              whetting
estimular, excitar
win = vencer; ganhar; conseguir; obter;
conseguir; alugar; convencer; ganhar o won                     won                  wining
coração de-
wind = girar, rodar; enrolar-se;
enroscar-se; recobrir, encobrir, encapar;
                                           wound               wound                winding
recobrir-se, revestir-se; modificar a
direção
withdraw = retroceder; bater em
                                           withdrew            withdrawn            withdrawing
retirada; retirar, sacar; deixar
withhold = reter; evitar; parar, conter;
                                           withheld            withheld             withholding
manter, segurar
withstand = opor-se a-; resistir a-;
                                           withstood           withstood            withstanding
impugnar
wring = arrancar; obrigar, forçar; tirar a
força; entortar; pressionar; segurar com wrung                 wrung                wringing
força; espremer
write = escrever                           wrote               written              writing
Base        Past           Past                     Portuguese
Form        Tense          Participle               Translation
-------     -------     ---------------      -------------------

arise       arose        arisen              surgir, erguer-se
awake       awoke        awoken              despertar
be          was, were    been                ser, estar
bear        bore         borne               suportar, ser portador de
beat        beat         beaten              bater
become      became       become              tornar-se
befall      befell       befallen            acontecer
beget       begot        begotten, begot     procriar, gerar
begin       began        begun               começar
behold      beheld       beheld              contemplar
bend        bent         bent                curvar
bet         bet          bet                 apostar
bid         bid          bid                 oferecer, fazer uma oferta
bind        bound        bound               unir, encadernar, obrigar-se
bite        bit          bitten              morder
bleed       bled         bled                sangrar, ter hemorragia
blow        blew         blown               assoprar, explodir
break       broke        broken              quebrar
breed       bred         bred                procriar, reproduzir
bring       brought      brought             trazer
broadcast   broadcast    broadcast           irradiar, transmitir
build       built        built               construir
buy         bought       bought              comprar
cast        cast         cast                atirar, deitar
catch       caught       caught              pegar, capturar
choose      chose        chosen              escolher
cling       clung        clung               aderir, segurar-se
come        came         come                vir
cost        cost         cost                custar
creep       crept        crept               rastejar
cut         cut          cut                 cortar
deal        dealt        dealt               negociar, tratar
dig         dug          dug                 cavocar
do          did          done                fazer **
draw        drew         drawn               tracionar, desenhar **
drink       drank        drunk               beber
drive       drove        driven              dirigir, ir de carro
eat         ate          eaten               comer
fall        fell         fallen              cair
feed        fed          fed                 alimentar
feel        felt         felt                sentir, sentir-se
fight       fought       fought              lutar
find        found        found               achar, encontrar
flee        fled         fled                fugir, escapar
fling       flung        flung               arremessar
fly         flew         flown               voar, pilotar
forbid      forbade      forbidden           proibir
forget      forgot       forgot, forgotten   esquecer
forgive     forgave      forgiven            perdoar
freeze      froze        frozen              congelar, paralisar
get         got          gotten, got         obter **
give        gave         given               dar
go          went         gone                ir
grind       ground       ground              moer
grow        grew         grown               crescer, cultivar
have        had          had                 ter, beber, comer
hear        heard        heard               ouvir
hide        hid          hidden, hid         esconder
hit         hit          hit                 bater
hold        held         held                segurar
hurt        hurt         hurt                machucar
keep        kept         kept                guardar, manter
know       knew         known        saber, conhecer
lay        laid         laid         colocar em posição horizontal
lead       led          led          liderar
leave      left         left         deixar, partir
lend       lent         lent         dar emprestado
let        let          let          deixar, alugar
lie        lay          lain         deitar
lose       lost         lost         perder, extraviar
make       made         made         fazer, fabricar **
mean       meant        meant        significar, querer dizer
meet       met          met          encontrar, conhecer
overcome   overcame     overcome     superar
overtake   overtook     overtaken    alcançar, surpreender
pay        paid         paid         pagar
put        put          put          colocar
quit       quit         quit         abandonar
read       read         read         ler
ride       rode         ridden       andar
ring       rang         rung         tocar (campainha, etc.)
rise       rose         risen        subir, erguer-se
run        ran          run          correr, concorrer, dirigir
saw        sawed        sawn         serrar
say        said         said         dizer
see        saw          seen         ver
seek       sought       sought       procurar obter, objetivar
sell       sold         sold         vender
send       sent         sent         mandar
set        set          set          pôr em determinada condição, marcar
shake      shook        shaken       sacudir, tremer
shed       shed         shed         soltar, deixar cair **
shine      shone        shone        brilhar, reluzir
shoot      shot         shot         atirar, alvejar
show       showed       shown        mostrar, exibir
shrink     shrank       shrunk       encolher, contrair
shut       shut         shut         fechar, cerrar
sing       sang         sung         cantar
sink       sank         sunk         afundar, submergir
sit        sat          sat          sentar
slay       slew         slain        matar, assassinar
sleep      slept        slept        dormir
slide      slid         slid         deslizar, escorregar
sling      slung        slung        atirar, arremessar
speak      spoke        spoken       falar
spend      spent        spent        gastar
spin       spun         spun         fiar, rodopiar
spit       spit, spat   spit, spat   cuspir
spread     spread       spread       espalhar
spring     sprang       sprung       fazer saltar
stand      stood        stood        parar de pé, agüentar
steal      stole        stolen       roubar
stick      stuck        stuck        cravar, fincar, enfiar
sting      stung        stung        picar (inseto)
stink      stank        stunk        cheirar mal
strike     struck       struck       golpear, desferir, atacar
string     strung       strung       encordoar, amarrar
strive     strove       striven      esforçar-se, lutar
swear      swore        sworn        jurar, prometer, assegurar
sweep      swept        swept        varrer
swim       swam         swum         nadar
swing      swung        swung        balançar, alternar
take       took         taken        tomar **
teach      taught       taught       ensinar, dar aula
tear       tore         torn         rasgar, despedaçar
tell       told         told         contar
think      thought      thought      pensar
throw      threw        thrown       atirar, arremessar
tread      trod         trodden      pisar, trilhar
undergo    underwent    undergone    submeter-se a, suportar
understand   understood   understood   entender
uphold       upheld       upheld       sustentar, apoiar, defender
wear         wore         worn         vestir, usar, gastar
win          won          won          vencer, ganhar
wind         wound        wound        enrolar, rodar, dar corda
write        wrote        written      escrever, redigir

				
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