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Title: Plagiary, Is This Moral?

Who would have thought that “Martin Luther King Jr., whose speech was famous for ‘I
Have A Dream,’ and so many other doctrines has been recently discovered that [he]
plagiarized the thesis of a student who shared king’s academic adviser,” a plagiarist? I
was shocked and surprised, including an article an issue on Maclean’s Magazine, on
March 20, 2006, by Katherine Macklem, says on the case of Martin Luther King’s
plagiarism, “That’s a hot potato, so hot; in fact, the American press sat on it for more than
a year. Academics were distraught about how to handle it,’ and ‘it’s one of those
uncomfortable cases.” Also, he continues to say, “Even the greatest of men remain mere
mortals, subject to weaknesses which are a birthright of humanity.” It turns out that the
King’s speech was “contained verbatim thefts,” and I think plagiary is immoral things to
do, even if the person is the greatest, and renowned to the world.

Esther: By imitating my sentence structure too faithfully, the opening sentence doesn’t
work. The “gist” of your opening is that King plagiarized his “I Have a Dream” speech
and that shocked people. You could say that in fewer words no doubt. Use your own
opinions on this to guide you and quote much less.

However in these days, the help of Internet, “with its cut-copy-paste culture,” of course,
the plagiarism is growing every day, and easy to use among the students according to
David Callahan. And perhaps it’s true that the undergraduates are tense with the
competitions and “land the top jobs.” Also, the high school students are the in the same
reason as well as other high school students: “just to get into a university.”

The second paragraph doesn’t follow from the first (seems unconnected). Again, work
first to formulate an opinion on what you’ve read and then, using that opinion, choose
quotes or paraphrase to support what you think.

*Articles quotes: “A Campus Fad That’s Being Copied: Internet plagiarism” by Sara
Rimer from the New York Times Company, 2004 and “Their Cheating Hearts: A Journal
Finds Plagiarism, and fraud, in high places,” by Katherine Maclem from Maclean’s
Magazine, March 20, 2006

Words: 283.
September 27, 2008 5:20 PM
AYAKO said...

“Can you answer this question: is plagiarism a moral or a legal issue? What’s the
difference?” To answer this question, refer Christopher Ricks’s advice “The definition of
plagiarism is not in question- that it is only the truth of an accusation of plagiarism that
can be questioned.” Then, what is the definition of plagiarism? He says “using another’s
words with an intent to deceive”

The most powerful statement in the opening is what ends the paragraph. It is not clear,
however, what you think, Ayako. Try to put out your opinion closer to the beginning.

According to the survey, organized by Donald L. McCabe, plagiarism is not worth to
consider for many students; moreover, twenty-two percent of undergraduates rely on
cheating; copying from another’s tests, using unauthorized notes, etc. Surprisingly they
don’t feel guilt for cheating, getting into college or passing exams are only goals for
them. In point of fact, this is a serious consequence. Kathleen Deignan, Princeton’s dean
of undergraduate students says “sometimes students and parents do not understand why it
is wrong to ‘borrow’ sections of text for a paper without providing attribution.”
In my opinion, if downloading movies from computer is against copy rights, “cut-and-
paste” plagiarism and paraphrasing are also against educational morality. And I think that
is the answer of the question, too.

Christopher Ricks says for certain “plagiarism is both obvious and morally
reprehensible.” However, McCabe says “It never stops.” and Deignan says “This is not

I’m not as sure as I’d like to be on your ideas here Ayako. Choose quotes to support your
own feelings of it being “against educational morality” to plagiarize.

212 words

Article quoted: “Plagiary and Moralism” by Christopher Kelty, and “A Campus Fad
That’s Being Copied: Internet Plagiarism” by Sara Rimer
September 28, 2008 11:29 AM
Spencer said...

Harvard Law School professor Charles Ogletree was caught plagiarizing material from
associate professor Jack M Balkin. Ogletree unrightfully claimed six paragraphs as his
own. “Harvard’s investigation asserted that the errors in fact were made by two separate
research assistants, one of whom inserted the material without a closing quotation mark,
and another who inadvertently dropped Balkin’s attribution; Ogletree, however, failed to
recognize that he did not write the material, and therefore is held responsible.” His
punishment from the university was unmentioned, as reported by

Yes, but why are you telling me this? Are you shocked that professors would plagiarize?
If so, say it clearly and directly. By choosing the quotes, I assume you think so, but am
not sure based only on your choices, Spencer.

Plagiarism has been dramatically rising in recent years. Donald L McCabe of Rutgers
University conducted a survey which shows out of 18,000 students approximately 31
percent of students admitted they have plagiarized in the past year. Over half the students
made references to cheating which suggested it was somewhat unimportant and trivial.
Students feel using sources such as the Internet feel the material is given. McCabe said,
“There are lots of students who are growing up with the Internet who are convinced that
anything you find on the Internet is public knowledge and doesn’t need to be cited.” The
students cheat by copy and pasting off the internet, and downloading illegal software.
Larger issues of cheating consist of students perpetrating acts of plagiarism on tests.
Students everywhere claim it [cheating] necessary in order to get into higher education or
to obtain a desired profession. Faculties everywhere are trying to implicate rules in
attempts to expose plagiarism and minimize all forms of cheating.

Pretty clear outline of the problem, Spencer. Particularly good at paraphrasing. However,
in all this I have no clear idea of where you stand on this.

-250 words

Articles quoted: “A Campus Fad That's Being Copied: Internet Plagiarism” by Sara
Rimer from the New York Times and “Harvard Law Professor Caught Plagiarizing from
Fellow Professor” from
September 30, 2008 10:05 AM
ANDREA said...

During the last years the Internet has become as popular as many people have the
connexion at home. One the Internet’s facilities is the easy accessibility to a diverse kind
of information. Of course, is easier searching through the network than going to the
library. However, this successful invention has brought an ethical problem too: “Internet
plagiarism is rising among students” (Donald L. McCabe). The most important causes
that have been discussed in different studies are: the belief that the information found in
the Internet is public knowledge, the competition at school and the misunderstanding
about how to cite sources.

The first three sentences could become one. E.g.: The internet, with its easy access to
information, has made it easier to cheat. You write in classic essay style with a three part
topic but because the word allowance is limited, it wastes valuable space.

Believing that any online information is s public knowledge just because it’s accessible to
everyone is an enormous misunderstanding. The professor Donald L. McCabe has found
that many students don’t cite what they take from the Internet because they consider
online information as public knowledge. Therefore, “Students need to know that
information found online is the intellectual property of its creator and it requires proper

“an enormous misunderstanding” makes your opinion clear, Andrea.

On the other hand, our current agitated modern lives are involved in the concept that
being competent is the clue of success and that’s related to culminate a profession with
good marks in order to get a good job. As a result, a lot of students are assisting to a
college just because of their professional aspirations relegating the learning process as is
explained in the web site: “Even students who are
concerned about the learning part of their education may justify plagiarism based on the
fear that others are already cheating, causing ‘unfair competition'"(Fain and Bates qtd. in
Auer and Krupar).

Your opening here a bit hard to follow. Try to say it simply: “Students need good marks
to get a good job; as a result, some may cheat or plagiarize. Often, student “fear that
others are already cheating . ..

To finalize, there is not unanimity about how to cite properly; up to four style guides may
be available for the students per year. Besides, URL may vary easily and there is not
consensus about how to cite them neither

College instructors will always say which method they prefer, so no need to worry.

Sources: University of Alberta Libraries Web Site: why students plagiarize; Auer, Nicole
J., and Ellen M. Krupar. "Mouse Click Plagiarism: The Role of Technology in Plagiarism
and the Librarian's Role in Combating It." Library Trends 49.3 (2001): 415-33. Academic
Search Premier. 14 July 2001; “A Campus Fad That's Being Copied: Internet Plagiarism”
by Sara Rimer from the New York Times.
September 30, 2008 12:22 PM
Beatrice Xu said...

We, Chinese have an idiom -- having a piece of bread that someone already chewed is
tasteless, which is a metaphor related to the behavior of plagiarism. With the
development of internet, plagiarism topped its popularity than ever. It not only exists
among the students, but also in literature, music, film, journalism even authorities.

Most students would have experienced how frustrating it is to manage a dreadful
mandatory course . “I hated the class and it was mandatory so I didn’t care about learning
it, just passing it.” Avoid hanging quotes by themselves. When the school or the teacher
cannot look after the students’ interests properly, students would also choose to cope with
their work. It’s still a long procedure for the human society to establish a consummate
educational system which can put students’ interests on the top place.

Say it more directly Beatrice. “Because of the way the educational system works,
students easily become bored and so plagiary is an easy route to take.

“The undergraduates say they need to cheat because of the intense competition to get into
graduate school, and land the top jobs.” When the whole society tends to become more
realistic and aggressive, could our students still be reserved in their ivory towers? If
education can be commercial, students would automatically become “practical”. They
also need to survive. Nobody wants to undertake a big amount of debt and spend years in
school and find they are bankrupted once graduated.

Like Professor McCabe said, “it never stops”. As long as there a carrot in front, the mule
would never stop its steps.

Never be afraid of saying something directly Beatrice. Simple and clear is
preferable.There are resources at the blog to help you become better at incorporating
quotations into your writing.

Articles quoted: “A Campus Fad That's Being Copied: Internet Plagiarism” by Sara
September 30, 2008 1:06 PM
khalil said...
Internet plagiarism

For knowing plagiarism is right or not from internet, we should have a
definition for common knowledge. “ Common knowledge is what “ everybody knows”,
usually with reference to the community in which the term is used.” – Wikipedia.
According to Wikipedia this is a main question,“ Is the internet a part of our source
common knowledge or no? “ I think it is Yes and No!

An interesting introduction shows that you have considered your opinions and used
sources to try to get at a good answer, Khalil.

Yes, because it is a source like our parents, teachers, friends, libraries, and people. We
don’t address anthing that have got from these sources because we can’t cite any word, or
sentence, can you? Today, most of people under 40 years age, use internet as a source for
news, talking with people who don’t know each other, sending and receiving uncountable
emails, for entertainment, economic, fun, and other matters. Today, young people pay
attention to something in internet more than their parents, teachers, and libraries.
Actually, I can say the internet is an important source to make a world culture, and by
internet all locally traditional cultures are changing. Therefore, it is a common source for
anyone, and we can’t address all our ideas and information that are gathered in our mind,
Even we don’t know where they have come from.

This point could be made more succinctly. “Ideas exist on the internet and, often, it is
difficult to know where, exactly, we got them from. Since the internet is a new form of
“world culture” it has become part of our “common knowledge.”

No, when we use it for searching a special idea, matter, and information.
This is different from common knowledge. We look for a special idea, so it is a special
knowledge. In this part even our friends, parents, teachers, and everyone who we ask
them about, are not a part of our source common knowledge, so we should point to all
our sources include internet, movies, books, and people exactly. If we don’t, we are a
plagiarist. Today, business against internet plagiarism is rising, and hundreds software are
made for recognition“ intellectual theft- class “, but they are not useful in all because the
internet is the easiest and cheapest source for any research. I think avoiding plagiarism is
moral, and intelligent researchers know to address their sources is a way to get credit.

Khalil: Most evident that you’ve spent time thinking through your response. I’m sure you
will know the difference between accepting common knowledge and attributing ideas to
others who have helped you to understand an issue better.
September 30, 2008 1:26 PM
teresa said...

Forming a behavior

Why do we all know stealing is against the law? I think it is because we have been taught
that all the time by our parents, teachers, friends, the mass media, books, etc. In other
words, we form this value by our environments we are in and this value is also enhanced
by rewards or punishments. So, it can take root in our mind, and become conscious, and
we don’t steal in our behavior.

How about the Internet plagiarism?

Nice use of the one sentence transition paragraph, Teresa. Relating the issue to one we
are more familiar with, theft, is a good way to make the discussion more accessible.

When my 10-year-old son is searching some information on the internet to finish his
homework, I am afraid if he has any ideas about internet plagiarism. Searching
information on the internet for the current generation is like turning on the TV to watch
show. It is too normal to be treated seriously. Furthermore, this generation’s parents who
were not growing up with the computers may not have the idea about how to instruct
their children to refrain from the Internet plagiarism, which is 10 times more complicated
than not stealing.

We can see the survey from Professor Donald L. McCabe (Rutgers University) showing
students “are convinced that anything you find on the internet is public knowledge and
doesn’t need to be cited.” In my opinion, this problem may be solved through educating
firstly. The instructors should play the strong role to educate the right things, to form this

Secondly, it is necessary to have clear rules to punish those people who plagiarize. The
government, the institute, and the school should treat plagiarism as a big issue to protect
the authors’ rights to support a fair environment for those people who contribute their
efforts on the internet. Otherwise, if the intellectual world is full of “copy and paste”,
where will the new ideas come from?

Your final two paragraphs make your opinion clear, Teresa. You’ve used the inductive
method of reasoning (from details to conclusion) to show how you’ve come to think this
way. Interesting to think of this in light of Ted Robinson’s lecture on creativity and
Beatrice’s comments on how school can be stifling (and in being so, leads students to
plagiarize freely).
September 30, 2008 1:51 PM
Phoebe said...

Of course we should punish students who purloin intelligent outcomes from others as
their own work. There must be a clear rule about to-do and not-to-do behavior, so people
can follow and make a society stable. The question is do we have a definite rule to punish
plagiarists?. If schools say one thing but our society says another, I would accept
students’ excuse: “they’re just mimicking what goes on in society with business leaders,
politicians.” Students do have a good reason to say so. See how we treat those
distinguished professional writers. Doris Kearns Goodwin and Stephen Ambrose, whose
books were involved in plagiarism, and according to Robert Fulford’s report, “The New
York Times…has employed a wonderfully Clintonian euphemism for literary stealing:
‘inappropriately copying.’” If that is the real reaction of our society to plagiarists, there is
no wonder Professor McCabe would hear: “Everyone cheats, it’s not all that important”.

As I said in class, this is beyond my expectations for the assignment. A good example for
other’s to strive to reach, Phoebe.

For academic plagiarism, it seems to have a clearer standard. (nice transition sentence
from above paragraph) For instance, the typical punishment at UBC includes “a one year
suspension, a zero in the course in which the alleged cheating/plagiarism occurred, and a
record of disciplinary action on the students transcript for two years after graduation
when the student may apply to the President to remove the notation.” What a strict
statement! Your opinion is certainly clear. An academic fraud deserves a “scarlet letter”
on the transcript, but literary pilferers only need to confess his/her moral flaws. We
should have an equal standard -- both inside and outside of campuses -- to deliver an
integrated message. I’d like to repeat Aristotle’s philosophy as Fulford writes: “We learn
virtue through practice.” We value honesty and integrity, and let us do what we say. (279

No doubt of your opinion Phoebe. Practicing virtue is hard!

Articles quoted:“A Campus Fad That's Being Copied: Internet Plagiarism” by Sara Rimer
from The New York Times, “Plagiarism: do students learn it from their teachers?” by
Robert Fulford from The National Post, “Student Discipline” from
September 30, 2008 4:12 PM
Josephine said...

Hassles (got to love that title!)

Plagiarism is quite common in school, according to Professor Donald L. McCabe. He has
surveyed more than 21,000 people, including students, teaching assistants and faculties.
This surprises me. Not only the percentage is high and rising, but also, some people don’t
think that to plagiarize is a kind of cheating. To some of them, plagiarizing is only one of
the methods to get good marks. And they say to themselves:” When I get into college, I
won’t do it again.” But the truth is-“It never stops,” Professor McCabe said. He heard the
same lines from the college students, too. Only the college changed to graduate schools
or top jobs.

Old habits die hard is so true here. Once people are used to the short-cuts, it is much more
difficult to quit. Think, before cut-and-paste, or re-editing some thing that wasn’t yours.
Plagiarism saves some time, but not enough to cover what you will lose in searching up
the right stuff to copy or what you will have to keep telling yourself that this is the last
time. And, nowadays, it is more efficient than before to find out the plagiarisms. There
are tools like TurnItIn to detect and deter the plagiarisms. And universities are already
aware of plagiarisms, cheatings, and other forms of academic misconducts. It will lead to
a zero credit, a failing grade or suspension from the school as I found out in some
schools’ website publications.

So it costs, though, chances aren’t. But why risk it to do so?. Why not transfer the energy
to create our own work honestly and to assure a peaceful mind.?

Josephine: You make your comments to the reader directly. It is quite convincing to do
so. With some editing, you have a pretty clear opinion on the issue and one well
supported by the facts you chose to paraphrase or quote.

271 words
September 30, 2008 5:21 PM
FranciS said...

Do you opt to use internet to assist you in every term paper? If you find a topic that is apt
to your needs, do you make a carbon copy out of it and present it as your own? Do you
give credit to the owner? Do you steal? Do you cheat? In short, do you plagiarize?

Many questions, but a stylish way to focus the reader’s attention on your topic Francis.

Using or copying someone’s own scheme without giving an acknowledgment to the
sources is called plagiarism. You take someone’s work by copying the original idea;
change [word per word] to a new one [idea] then present as your own. To be brief, you
are stealing; you are cheating. It is an academic fraudulence, a crime and the offender is
grounded for suspension or termination if you are in school.

Have you consulted any sources for the above paragraph? If so, you need to attribute it to
your source by saying “According to . . .

According to Don McCabe, the Center for Academic Integrity (CAI)’s Professor, "On
most campuses, 70% of students admit to some cheating" and "Internet plagiarism is a
growing concern". Most universities and colleges are dealing with this problem every
now and then. For some students, plagiarism is arguable. Sometimes, it is a
misconception between the faculty and students. There are facts in the internet that are
defined as “common knowledge”, which is also known by the society, and [facts] does
not have to be cited. Plagiarizing can also be done unintentionally or could be innocently
executed by paraphrasing incorrectly or giving references incompletely. Again, be sure
that anything in the second half of the paragraph is attributed to the original source. I
should never be unsure of where I’m hearing from you and where I’m hearing from a

Many students plagiarized because they do not know how to differentiate plagiarism and
paraphrasing. Usually, students are lack of time management where they are always
procrastinate and do not have enough time providing more information, explaining and
analyzing. Moreover, students are pressured from school or job competitions where they
must have high grades to graduate or to get a pleasant job.

The way I see it, we reuse ideas all the time, sometimes we enhance other people's ideas,
right? However, be sure to give credit or make a reference to someone's idea to avoid
stealing, cheating, or plagiarizing.

Yes, we do “reuse ideas all the time” and, mainly, that is what people do in university or
college. But, they never ever claim that the old ideas are their own. A key difference.

September 30, 2008 5:57 PM
Lien said...
According to two articles Sara Rimer’s “A Campus Fad That’s Being Copied: Internet
plagiarism” and Nate Anderson’s “Inter net Plagiarism-everybody’s doing it” on March
24th, 06”, said “everybody’s doing it, and everyone cheats” make me think that
plagiarism is unavoidable sometimes. I do not only see average students involved in
plagiarism, but also see in writing jobs people still plagiarize. Nate Anderson’s refers to
“an Australian judge who plagiarized her legal rulings’ sections, [and] national scandal of
Chinese professors rips off the other colleagues’ work.” Is this an exact quote? Be sure to
do it accurately. It shows people learn or take from other people’s ideas or experiences.
Nobody knows everything except by learning or getting it from somewhere. If we write
about an unfamiliar topic or a project, how we can respond accurately without knowing

Even though they know it is wrong to do, it is just because of life’s high requirement and
jobs’ statuses. A 16 year old student said, “I need it for my paper, and I didn’t feel like
writing down where it was from.” What source did the statement come from?

In my opinion, I don’t mean that Internet Plagiarism should be legal or not serious. My
meaning is “Internet Plagiarism is rising” is not just “among students” but among famous
and professional people. I see it is a dilemma to judge someone should be punished or
aware of what their behaviors when there are reasons to do it. They just go with the flow
to what life needs. However, I think plagiarists should know there is a small limit.

Your opinions are clearer than most in the class Lien. You’ve had difficulty with the use
of quotation as incorporating a quote requires pretty sophisticated grammar. Everyone in
class struggles with that!

Articles quoted: Internet plagiarism-everyone’s doing it by Nate Anderson from
hrrp://, and A Campus Fad That’s
Being Copied: Internet Plagiarism by Sara Rimer from New York Time.
Grace said...

“This Is Not Negotiable”

Is Internet knowledge public knowledge and can it be used at discretion without
providing attribution? Unfortunately, it seems many people think the answer to this
question is YES.

“Internet plagiarism is rising among students,” such conclusion was reached during a
survey on 23 college campus conducted by Donald L. McCabe, a management professor
at Rutgers University and reported in the New York Times. In detail, according to the
study, thirty-eight percent of the undergraduate students admitted they engaged in one or
more instances of simple “cut and paste” plagiarism involving the internet, paraphrasing
or copying anywhere from a few sentences to a full paragraph from the Web
without citing the source. Here, you’ve taken words from the article but have not
quoted them.

Respect to the creation and invention is the base of the development of the human
society. Any kind of plagiarism tramples on the human culture and deserves
condemnation. But the interesting thing is almost half the students received the survey
consider this sort of plagiarism “trivial or not cheating at all” because the Internet
knowledge is public knowledge. Furthermore, many excuses, such as plagiarism will help
me pass the unlikeable class, the intense competition make me to cheat, and “Everyone
cheats”, I am “just mimicking what goes on in society”, make the plagiarism seem
reasonable and worth sympathy.

Therefore, it’s time to rouse people to acknowledge plagiarism from Internet a serious
cheating behavior, and academic integrity should be more educated and emphasized. Any
sort of plagiarism will not be allowed in academic area, and “this is not negotiable.”

Overall quite clear Grace. Your writing has “borrowed” a bit from sources without
acknowledgement, showing how easy it is to do1
-252 words

Articles quoted: “A Campus Fad That's Being Copied: Internet Plagiarism” by Sara
Rimer from the New York Times.

September 30, 2008 8:19 PM
September 30, 2008 11:01 PM
Genel said...

Many questions have arisen on why plagiarism has become much more common. The
competitiveness of today’s market has greatly affected the behaviour of many students in
school. According to Davil Calahan, author of the “The Cheating Culture”, “students
[have been] under a lot of pressure” in meeting the requirements rendered by every
universities and colleges. The pressure to compete is always on and the struggle of many
students continues to intensify. As a result, many have resorted in using the internet to
solve their problem.

Well structure intro, Genel. It is interesting to think about why this pressure has become
so intense.

Internet per se is good and beneficial to every one. However, it can also be the source of
cheating and plagiarism. According to the survey conducted on 23 college schools, thirty
eight percent of the students have been found practicing “cut-and-paste” plagiarism—a
direct insult to the writer I must say. Probably, the main reason for committing such
action is to finish a last-minute assignment. Whatever reason it may be, plagiarizing
someone’s work intentionally must face a corresponding punishment. Just like what Ryan
Van Dusen said, assistant director of the Texas Tech Student Judicial Programs,
“disciplinary actions [must be] determined through case-by-case basis”. Not sure how
effective this quote is Genel. Maybe naming an exact punishment (as in Phoebe’s) would
work better.

Disciplinary action is imperative in order to diminish the percentage of students relying
on someone’s work and encourage them to be more creative in showing ideas throughout
their writing. By doing so, we hope to preserve the core foundation of what education is
all about.

Genel: you attribute very well, making it clear who and what you are referring to. Who is
the “we” in your final sentence?
(232 words)

sources: "Unintentional plaigiarism leads to disciplinary action" by Tina Arons at ? It
took me a while to find this source.

"A Campus Fad That's Being Copied:Internet Plagiarism" by Sara Rimer
September 30, 2008 11:15 PM
Ken J said...

Plagiary in your writing is not a big crime but it stops you from thinking. The main
reason for students who plagiarize their writing is because they are lazy. It is too easy to
go on internet using cut-copy-paste to write any articles that teacher required. Comparing
the time for copy and paste with DIY (do it by yourself), plagiary saves student precious
time for the daily busy schedule of life.

There is another interesting thing to discuss. If everyone does it, why can’t I? I did not
think I am the unlucky one who is caught by the teacher. Maybe the teacher doesn’t care
about it too. If the teacher did not put a serious attitude towards plagiarism, the student
will do it. “What I hear is, everyone cheats,” Professor McCabe said.

It’s good to write something new or topics that can not be plagiarized such as biography.
The teacher is too smart to prevent student from doing it. The interactive method really
give us a push to finish my biography with extra work and check the reality of each
student’s work and seen by other students in the Blog. Everyone’s biographies are
Interesting point to make about how assignments either invite or don’t invite plagiary.
Lots of them do judging by the business of selling essays over the internet!

“Pursuant to these two agreements, Transmeta expects to receive cash payments from
Intel totaling $91.5 million before the end of Transmeta’s current fiscal quarter ending
September 30, 2008” from Yahoo’s finance. It shows creative and innovative is the only
way to success. A small company with ideas can beat the giant Intel on microchips
design. The money will pay until 2013. Do not plagiary or cheating, it’s killing your

The final paragraph does not follow logically from the first three, Ken. Perhaps if you
explain the quote first, then make the comment it would work better.

Word count: 261

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