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					                                                                              VOICE
                                                                  The                                                                                                                                        1
                                  Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                       VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                     The




                                  Vol.8 / No.17                                                            Weekly                                                                    Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012
http://www.thevoicemyanmar.com




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  VOICE
The
          Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012
Vol.8 / No.17 - April 9 - 15 , 2012                                                                                                                                   THE VOICE WEEKLY 3
                                                                                                                                                                                       3




                                                                  NEWS
  Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             VOICE
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  VOICE                    LOCAL                             EDITORIAL
                                                                                                                                                NEWS MAKER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012




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                     LOCAL                                                                                                                                                          Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012




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  Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012


  SPECIAL REPORT
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         7




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  Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012


 TRANSPORT
                                                                                                                                                                        LOCAL                                                VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   11




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   12
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a&eHpdrf;                 -   1 bbl     tar&duefa':vm                  122.2           tar&duef 1 a':vm = ,l½dk 0.765? NAdwdoQaygif 0.63? MopaMw;vsa':vm 0.973? w½kwf,Grf 6.3?
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ajymif;                   -   1 bu           qifh                       656                                         tar&duefwpfa':vm                          =                 816 usyf
*sKH (CBT)                -   1 bu           qifh                     667.5                                         tufzftD;pDwpf,lepf                        =                 815 usyf
*sKH(KCB)                 -   1 bu           qifh                     716.5                                         a&T 1 atmifp                              =            tar&duefa':vm 1791
aMu;eD                    -   1 lb           qifh                     392.2                                         aiG 1 atmifp                              =            tar&duefa':vm 37.225
                                                                                                                    yvufwDerf 1 atmifp                        =            tar&duefa':vm 1602.0
  Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012
                                                                                                                                       EMPLOYMENT                                                                                                                  The

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   14
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    VOICE          EDUCATION                                                                                                                                                                      Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012




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                   LOCAL                                                                                                                                                                            Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012




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     18
   The
         VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                                   Monday, April 9 - 15, 2012




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        VOICE                                                                                                                                                            Monday, April 9 - 15, 2012




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Vol.8 / No.17



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                                                                                                                                                                                         April 9 - 15 , 2012




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                                                                                                                                                        POLITICS                                                                         VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                23



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    24
  The
     VOICE                  POLITICS                                                                                                                                                                                           Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Edkifrif;a0
 Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012
                                                                                                                                    POLITICS                                                                      The

                                                                                                                                                                                                                     VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          25




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   26
  The
        VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                    Monday, April 9 - 15, 2012




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  Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012


 SERVICE
                                                                              BUYING GUIDE                                                                                                                         VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        27




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                         NET N TECH
    28
    VOICE
  The
                                                                                                                                                                                         Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012




                                                                                                                   VOICE
                                                                                                                 The
Vol.8 / No.17                                                                                                                                                                                         April 9 - 15 , 2012


 FREEWARE




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 LETTER TO THE EDITOR
                                                                                                                                                        OPINION                                                                                         The

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 29



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         VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                                                Monday, April 9 - 15, 2012




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   Monday, April 9 - 15, 2012                                                                                                                                                                                                               The
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acgif;avmuftwdabmif;bD0wfr,f? 'Davmuf                                        qG,f&awmhwmaygh}} [ktvSjyifqkdifwpfckwGif                     d
                                                                                                                            nDatmif qk;xm;aom touf 17 ESpft&G,f                 w,f}}[k touf 26 ESpt&G,f udxe;xGe;aZmf         f                    k G f f
ygyJ}} [k touf 22ESpt&G,f rxufxufuqdkf                                       tvkyfvkyfudkifaeonfh touf 25 ESpft&G,f         rololuqdkonf/                                       u ajymqkdonf/
onf/                                                                         roJjzLat;uqdkonf/                                                f
                                                                                                                                   oBuFeumvonf vli,frsm;twGuf rdrd                           k G f f
                                                                                                                                                                                         udxe;xGe;aZmfuoYkd yif tcsKdUvli,frsm;   hJ
       touf 19ESpft&G,f udkatmifrdk;aZmfu                                                           S
                                                                                      vli,ftrsm;pkrm oBueumvwGif omref
                                                                                                         Ff                 wkdYpdwfBudKufzuf&Sif'DZkdif;rsm;udk pdwful;ÓPf                f l
                                                                                                                                                                                \ pdwu;rSmvnf; zuf&itay:wGif &SraebJ                  S f                         d
]]ckaemufydkif;rSm ½kdufwmyHkpHrsKd;u tawmfav;                               jyif½;jyifqifjcif;xuf vlMum;xJ ay:vGiaeap
                                                                                   dk                                   f   uGeYfjrL;oavmuf wDxi0wfqifEium vli,f
                                                                                                                                                     G f          dk f          a&upm;&efom tm½kHpdkufaeMuolrsm;vnf;
acwfpm;aeawmh tJ'grsKd;yJ0wfjzpfr,f/ tusyf                                   &ef xl;qef;onfh 0wfpm;qif,ifjyifqifrIrsm;      tcsif;csif;uJh&JUrIuif;aom yGJawmfwpfckyifjzpf      &Sdonf/ zuf&Sifudk pdwf0ifpm;onfjzpfap? a&
ayghAsm/ OD;xkyfaqmif;csifayr,fh qHyifudk One                                vnf; jyKvkyfwwfMuavonf/ trsm;tv,f              onf/                                                upm;jcif;udkom pdwf0ifpm;onfjzpfap ,ck
Way vnf; axmifcsifaeawmh OD;xkyfraqmif;                                      wGif xifay:aeap&ef qHyifrsm;udk t0ga&mif?             ]]oBuFefqdk ta&mifrSdefrSdefxuf ta&mif       tcsdefwGif vli,fxk\tm½kHrSm oBuFefumv
awmhb;/ qHyifaxmifzYkduawmh qdiom;&r,f/
         l                               kd             k f G                tpdrf;a&mifrsm;qdk;um aysmf&TifpGm a&upm;ae    awmufawmufav;awG? qefYusifbufta&mif                 wGif aysmf&Tifa&;omjzpfaeonfudk awGU&onf/
tem;eD;rSyg}} [kqkdonf/                                                      Muolrsm;? ta&mifawmufawmuf t0wftpm;            av;awG wGJ0wf&wmu ydkrkdufw,f/ wjcm;                         e&oD[yawhrif;vufxufuwnf;u
       acwfpm;aeonfh zuf&iyptvkuf qHyif        S f kH H d                    rsm; 0wfqifMuolrsm;jzihf omreftcsdefxuf        tcsdefawGrSm wGJr0wf&JwJh'DZkdif;awG oBuFefrSm      usif;yvmcJhonfh oBuFefa&upm;jcif;tavh
tvSjyifqkdifrsm;rSmvnf; ESpfpOfjyKvkyfaeus                                   xl;jcm;pGm oBuFefumvwGif zuf&SifrsKd;pHkxGif   u pdwfBudKuf0wf? b,folrSvnf; ruJh&JUbl;             onf jrefrmwdkU\ ½dk;&m,Ofaus;rIwpfckjzpf
twkdif; oBuFeftxl;avQmhaps;[lonfh qdkif;                                     wwfMuavonf/                                    av/ 'DESpfawmhvdar®mfa&mifav;awG? tpdrf;&ifh        aeonfrSm ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm MumjrifhaeNyDjzpf
bkwfrsm;toD;oD;axmifum Customer udk                                                   ]]qHyifu tck tDrdkpwkdifn§yfxm;w,f/   a&mifav;awG0wfzdkY pOf;pm;xm;w,f}} [k                             k hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                onf/ xduoYkdaom ½d;&moBuFeukd acwfaygif;   k                  f
qGJaqmifí aeMuavonf/                                                         uRefawmfu a,mufsm;av;yHkpHae&wmBudKuf          touf 24 ESpft&G,f ra[rmefuqkdonf/                   pepfaygif;rsm;pGmwdkYwGif jrefrmEdkifiH&Sd vlrsKd;
       ]][kd;t&ifwkef;uawmh oBuFefrSm jyif                                   vkdY/ oBuFefzuf&SiftaeeJYawmh qHyifudk tck            oBuFewi;wGif ESppOftrwi;atmif;avh
                                                                                                                                             f Gf        f df Gf                aygif;pHkwdkYu ESpfpOfaysmf&TifpGm usif;yNrJ? yg0if
qifNyD;xGufw,fqkd&if aeumrsufrSefwyfwm                                                h h             kH
                                                                             tqifqifeYJ ta&mifo;a&mif wpfqifpq;xm; h D kd   &Sdaomfvnf; ,ckvmrnfh oBuFefwGif oli,f                                                           k
                                                                                                                                                                                qifEMJT uNrJjzpfonf/ ½d;&moBuFeukd yg0ifqifEJT                  f
avmuf? qHyiftarmufaxmifwmavmufyJ/                                            w,f/ cyfrkdufrdkufav;aygh/ a&yufcHxGufrSm      csif;rsm;ESifh r@yfxkdif&efpDpOfaeonfh touf         Muonfh vli,fwdkY\acwftvdkuf 0wfpm;qif
'Dbufacwfusawmh rsK;pHujkd yifaeMuwm/ qHyif?
                                    d k                                      qdkawmh teufa&mif OD;pm;ay;0wfjzpfr,f/         26 ESpft&G,f raeEG,fu ]]oBuFefqdk tdrwi;    f G f   ,ifyHkwdkYrSmvnf; r½dk;Edkifaom oBuFefuJhodkYyif
tusD? abmif;bD? vufonf;? ajconf;utp                                          aeumrsurevnf;wyfr,f}} [k oBuFetwGuf
                                                                                          f S f                       f     atmif;aewmMumNyD/ 'DEpawmh oli,fcsif;awG
                                                                                                                                                       S f                      tpOftNrJqef;opfaeOD;rnfom jzpfonf/
qdkawmh qdkifawGudk tawmfav;tm;udk;vm&                                       qHyifudk a&Ttdka&mif? acsmuvufa&mifESihf       qG,fwmeJY r@yfxkdifjzpfr,f/ oBuFefzuf&Sif                                                  csrf;Nidrf;jzL? aqGNidrf;at;
 32 THE VOICE WEEKLY
  32
                                                                                                                                                                                         Vol.8 / No.17 - April 9 - 15 , 2012




         PERSPECTIVE
 The
    VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                         Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012




a&TO,lrvm; ief;,lrvm;
ZmenfOD;
          reDwGif tajcpdkufaom ukrÜPDBuD;wpfckrS ,aeYtaMumif;jyefpma&mufvmonf/ &ufowåokH;ywfrQMumjrifhrnfh ¤if;\pD;yGm;rdwfzufrsm;twGuf aus;Zl;wHkYjyefonfhtaeESifh
  *sm     arwåmjzifhpDpOfay;aomc&D;pOf (Incentive Tour) wpfckESifhywfoufí taMumif;jyefjcif;jzpfonf/ c&D;onfta&twGuf 80 cefY jrefrmESifh AD,uferfwpfEdkifiHr[kwf wpfEdkifiH
oGm;a&mufvnfywf&efjzpfonf/ xdkc&D;pOfESifhywfoufí aqG;aEG;n§dEdIif;aecJhonfrSm vGefcJhaom wpfvavmufuwnf;ujzpfNyD; ,aeYtaMumif;jyefonfrSm ,if;tmrcHukrÜPD\
trIaqmiftzGJUonf jrefrmESifh AD,uferfESpfEdkifiHteuf AD,uferfudk oGm;a&mufvnfywf&ef a&G;cs,fvdkufonfhtaMumif;yifjzpfonf/ AD,uferfudk a&G;cs,f&onfh taMumif;&if;rSm
jrefrmEdkifiHESifh,SOfvdkufvQif c&D;pOfaps;EIef;rsm; tvGeftrif;oufomaomaMumifhjzpfonf[k qdkonf/ xdkYxufydkí av;eufaomtaMumif;jycsufrSm 'Value for Money' jzpfonfh
ay;&onfhydkufqHESifh jyef&aomwefzdk;? 0efaqmifrI t&nftaoG;? pdwfauseyfrIwdkYwGif AD,uferfu jrefrmxufrsm;pGmomonf[líjzpfavonf/
tjcm;EdkifiHrsm;xuf aps;ydk
         jrefrmEdkifiH&Sd c&D;pOfaps;EIef;rsm;onf rvdkvm;tyfaom                 [dkw,ftrsm;pkonf vdkvQifaygif;? rvdkvQifraygif;awmhonfh
Transaction Cost          rsm;aMumif h ,cif E S p f r sm;uwnf ; uyif                                         G D              d
                                                                                Fair Weather Friend rsm;jzpfom;Nyvm;[k ar;p&m&Svmygawmhonf/
a'owGif;EdkifiHrsm;ESifh,SOfygu rsm;pGmBuD;jrifhvsuf&SdaecJhNyD;
jzpfonf/ aps;EIef;rsm;BuD;jrifhaomfvnf; jrefrmEdkifiHonf                        a&&SnfzGHY NzdK;wdk;wufrIu ta&;tBuD;qHk;
EdkifiHjcm;om; c&D;onfrsm;twGuf 0efaqmifrI taumif;qHk;                                   [dkw,fwpfvHk;twGuf t"dua&mif;ukefjzpfonfh tcef;
EdkifiH[k emrnfrausmfMum;cJh/ c&D;oGm;vkyfief;twGuf tajccH                      rsm;onf ,aeY{nfhonfr0ifí ra&mif;&vQif ,if;tcef;rsm;
taqmuftODrsm; (Tourism Infrastructure) jynfpaumif;rGeve;h kH          f G f                         kH I
                                                                                \ ,aeY0ifaiGq;½H;rnf (Perishable) jzpfí Yield Management
aom EdkifiH[lívnf; emrnfrausmfMum;cJh/ EdkifiHjcm;om;                           odkYr[kwf Revenue Management [kac:aom [dw,fwi&onfh   k          G f dS
urÇmvSnfhc&D;onfrsm;twGuf vG,fulí tqifajyvG,fulpGm                                                               h           I
                                                                                tcef;ta&twGu?f {nfonf0ifa&mufrtajctae? aps;uGuf
oGm;vmEdkifí jynf0ifcGifh&,l&mwGif tvG,fulqHk;EdkifiHwpfck[k                         k f                             f
                                                                                tydi;tjcm;? tcef;c aps;EIe; ponfh tcsufrsm;tay: rlwnfí
rausmfMum;cJh/ tm;remwrf;ajym&vQif vkyfxHk;vkyfenf;rsm;                         tjrwftpGef;trsm;EdkifqHk; rsm;rsm;&atmif pGrf;aqmifonfh pDrH
½IyaxG;ayGví urÇmtv,fwif em;vnf& tcufcq;Edii[í
    f          D          h         G                        J kH k f H l       cefYcGJrIynmonf r&SdrjzpfvdktyfonfrSm trSefyifjzpfonf/
ausmfMum;cJhonf/ c&D;oGm;vkyfief;udk taxmuftyHhay;aom                           vuf&SdtcsdefwGif tqdkyg[dkw,frsm;onf Yield Management
t*Fg&yfrsm; (Tourism Facility) tydkif;udk MunfhvQifvnf;                         udk taumif;qHk;toHk;csaeonfukd ,HkrSm;oHo,jzpfp&m
vGefpGmtm;enf;onfrSm tm;vHk;todyif jzpfonf/ c&D;oGm;                            rvdkay/ [dkw,frsm;twGuf Yield Management \ t"du
vkyfief;wGif toHk;jyKaom um;rsm;onf tjcm;EdkifiHrsm;rS                          tcsufonf rdrda&mif;ukefrsm; (tcef;rsm;) udk toifhavsmfqHk;
toHk;jyKNyD;aom um;a[mif;rsm;jzpfonf/ [dkw,ftrsm;pkrSm                          tcsdef (Right Time) wGif toifhavsmfqkH;? 0,fol (Right                      wpfaxmifhwpfae&mrS yg0ifywfoufa&;onfvnf; wpfpdwf
EdkifiHwumtqifhtwef; rrDMu/ txl;ojzifh oufwrf;q,fpk                             Customer) tm; toifhavsmfqkH;aps;EIef; (Right Price) ESifh                  wpfydkif;ta&;ygvSygonf/ ,ckjzpfay:aeonfh [dkw,f
ESpf ESpfpk&SdvkeD;yg; &efukefNrdKU&Sd [dkw,fBuD;trsm;pkrSm tdkrif;             a&mif;csjcif;yifjzpfonf/ Right Time qdkonfrSm aps;uGuf\                    tcef;crsm; aps;wufjcif;? c&D;pOfaps;EIef;rsm; jrifhwufaejcif;
a[mif;EGrf;aeMuonf/ tcsKdU[dkw,frsm;\ eH&Hrsm;onf                                        kd              k                         k
                                                                                0,fvtm; trsm;qH;tcsde?f Right Customer qdonfrm aps;EIe;    S           f   wdkYudk tpdk;&taeESifh tcsdefrD0ifa&mufajz&Sif;ay;oifh? ay;Edkifyg
tufuGJaeMuonf/ tcsKdU[dkw,frsm;\ y&dabm*rsm;onf                                 tjrifhqHk;ay;aomol? Right Price qdkonfrSm tjrifhqHk;aom                    onf/ a'owpfck\ c&D;oGm;vkyfief; zGHUNzdK;wdk;wuf&ef t"du
ta&mifjy,fvií ysufp;vk eD;yg;jzpfaeMuonf/ odYk aomf ,if;
                  G hf        D                                                 aps;EIef;[k a,bk,s,lqEdkifaomfvnf; xdkxufydkí av;eufyg                     t&if;tjrpfBuD;oHk;ck[k owfrSwfMuonfh atoHk;vHk; zGHUNzdK;
wdkYonf tjcm;EdkifiHrsm;xufydkaom aps;EIef;udk ,lxm;Muonf/                      onf/ ,if;[dkw,fwnf&Sdaom wdkif;jynf\EdkifiHa&;? pD;yGm;a&;?                wdk;wufa&;twGuf Accessibility (tqifajyvG,fulacsmarGUpGm
                                                                                vlrIa&;tajctae? aps;uGuf\vm;&m (Market Trend) ?                            0ifxGufoGm;vmEdkifrI)? Accommodation (pm;aomufem;cdk&ef
udkif;uRef;rSD uRef;udkif;rSD                                                   pD;yGm;zufrsm;ESifh aygif;oif;qufqHa&; (Relationships) ?                   ae&mxdkifcif;[dkw,f? rdkw,f)? Attraction (obm0tvSty?
             ,cifESpfrsm;pGmuwnf;u BuD;jrifhcJhaom jrefrmEdkifiH\               Industry wpfckvHk;\ a&&Snfwdk;wufrI (Sustainability) ponfh                 oGm;a&mufvnfywf&efa'o? taqmufttHk? jywdkuf ponf)
c&D;pOf aps;EIef;wdkYonf ,cktcg a'owGif;EdkifiHrsm;u                            tcsuf r sm;ay:wG i f r l w nf í aps;EI e f ; owf r S w f & onf h t cg      tpdk;&\ tcef;u@onf rygrjzpf ta&;BuD;ygonf/ jrefrm
jyuf&,fjyKonfh tajctaetxd a&muf&Sdatmif xyfrHjrifh                              rsm;vnf; &Sdygonf/ tNrJwrf;aps;EIef;wufaejcif;r[kwfbJ                      EdkifiHwpf0ef;vHk;&Sd NrdKUaygif; 46 NrdKUü [dkw,ftvHk;aygif; 691
rm;vsuf&Sdaeavonf/ vGefcJhonfh vtenf;i,fcefYrSpí                                aps;EIef;rsm;udk csay;&onfhtcgrsm;vnf; &Sdygao;onf/ 0ifaiG                 vHk;? tcef;aygif; 27ç000 om&Sdí EdkifiHom;c&D;oGm; {nfhonf
[dkw,ftrsm;tjym;\ c&D;oGm;ukrÜPDrsm;ESifh csKyfqdkaom                           (Revenue) trsm;qHk;&&Sd&ef pGrf;aqmifMu jcif;onf [dkw,frsm;                rsm; oef ; ES i f h c sD í wpf & S d e f x d k ; 0if a &muf v mvQif tcef ;
pmcsKyfrsm;wGif tcef;crsm;\ aps;EIef;onf 40 &mcdkifEIef;rS                      twGuf &ydkifcGifhodkY vkyfydkifcGifh (Right) wpfckjzpfaomfvnf;             ravmufiSEdkifonfrSm aA'ifar;p&mawmifvdkrnfr[kwfyg/
100 &mcdkifEIef;txd jrifhwufvmMuonf/ tcsKdU[dkw,fBuD;rsm;                       udk,f&zdkYwpfckwnf;twGuf MunfhaevQif oifhavsmfonf[k                        xdkYaMumifh a'otoD;oD;wGif [dkw,f? rdkw,ftopfrsm; trsm;
onf ,cktcsdeftxd c&D;oGm;ukrÜPDrsm;ESifh pmcsKyfcsKyfqdkjcif;                   rqdkEdkifay/ Industry wpfckvHk;\ tusKd;pD;yGm;udkvnf; Munfh&ef                                  f
                                                                                                                                                           tjym;ay:xGuvma&;twGuf tvsiftjreftaumiftxnfazmf
r&Sday/ &moDtvdkuf pmcsKyfcsKyfqdkí aps;EIef;oabmwl                                k                           d k f
                                                                                vdtyfygao;onf/ rdrvyief;tzGUJ tpnf;wGif vkyuiaeaom       f kd f            a&;? wpfcsdefwnf;rSm tjcm;tjcm;aom Tourism Infrastructure
xm;&aom c&D;oGm;vkyief;rsm;odYk [dw,ftcef;ra&mif;csionfh
                               f                 k                     f        0efxrf;rsm;? {nfhonfrsm;? c&D;oGm;ukrÜPDuJhodkYaom pD;yGm;zuf              rsm; zGHUNzdK;a&;twGuf 0efBuD;Xmersm;tcsif;csif; n§dEdIif;í tvsif
oabmudk twdtvif;aomfvnf;aumif;? oG,f0dkufíaomf                                  rsm; pojzifh yg0ifywfouforQ Stakeholders tm;vHk;\                          tjrefOD;pm;ay;aqmif&Guf&efrSm tpdk;&\ tvGefta&;BuD;aom
vnf;aumif; azmfjyvmMuonf/                                                                        h         d
                                                                                tusKd;udMk unf&ef vktyfygao;onf/ b,foaoao iawrm  l                         udpöwpf&yfjzpfavonf/ ,cktcg EdkifiH\ vwfwavmtusKd;
             wpfcsdefu jrefrmhEdkifiHa&;? pD;yGm;a&;? vlrIa&;tajc                     f      d               f         k                     f
                                                                                pdw"mwfrsK;jzifh a&&SnzUHG NzdK;wd;wufaom c&D;oGm;vkyief;wpfck             rjzpfxGef;ao;aom 0efBuD;XmetoD;oD;\ pDrHudef;rsm;pGmudk
taersm;t& c&D;oGm;vkyfief;rsm;udkomvQif t"durSDcdktm;xm;                                           f l                   k
                                                                                jzpfvm&efrvG,uay/ jrefrmjynf&dS [dw,frsm;onf tcGita&;               hf     &yfqdkif;vdkufNyDjzpfaomaMumifh c&D;oGm;vkyfief;tygt0if trSef
í &SifoefcJh&aom [dkw,frsm;onf ,ck tpdk;&opfvufxuf                              av;&cdkuf a&SUaemufrpOf;pm; rqifjcif? wnDwñGwfwnf;                         wu,fvdktyfaom? wdkif;jynftwGuf 0ifaiG&SmazGay;Edkifaom
Ed k i f i H \ jyKjyif a jymif ; vJ r I r sm;? wd k ; wuf v mrI r sm;aMumif h   nmoHay;í aps;wufvdkufMuonfrSm a'owGif;EdkifiHrsm;tjyif                     pDrHudef;rsm;pGmudk pwifoifhNyDjzpfygonf/ Oyrm-urf;ajca'o
wpf[kefxdk; wuf&dyfjyvmaom aumfydk&dwfaps;uGuf Corporate                        urÇmhtv,fwGif jyuf&,fjyKcsifp&mjzpfaevQif jrefrmEdkifiH\                   rsm;wGif vQyfppfrD;&&Sdatmif aqmif&Gufay;jcif;jzifh rdrdudk,fydkif
Segment) udk tm;udk;tm;xm;jyKvmMuonf/ Corporate                                 c&D;oGm;vkyfief;rSm tpaumif;vdrfhrnfr[kwfygacs/                                               f                     k J
                                                                                                                                                           rD;pufjzifh vQyppf"mwftm;oH;pGae&aom ,if;urf;ajca'orsm;
Segment tm;raumif;cif tcsdefu c&D;oGm;vkyfief;rsm;udk                                                                                                              k                  k k f                f
                                                                                                                                                           &Sd [dw,frsm;\ tydueusp&dwukd rsm;pGmavQmhcsEdirnfjzpfyg            k f
]tcef;oHk;ay;ygOD;} [k [dkw,frsm;\awmif;qdkaom avoH                             c&D;oGm;vkyfief;wGif tpdk;&\ yg0ifywfoufrI                                 onf/ tusKd;quftm;jzifh wnf;cdkcrsm;? c&D;pOfaps;EIef;rsm;
rsm;onf ,cktcg ]tcef;ray;Edib;} [k jiif;y,faomavoHrsm;
                                           kf l                                                           h           k    k f         f
                                                                                        wpfzufrMS unfvQif [dw,fvyief;&Sirsm;onf pD;yGm;a&;                           h    G k f
                                                                                                                                                           avsmusom;Ediygonf/ xdYktwl av,mOfui;rsm;udk Ediiwum          G f        k f H
                                    G
tjzpf ½kwjf cnf;ajymif;vJom;Muonf/ [dw,frsm;\ aps;uGuf  k                       orm;rsm;jzpf&m tjrwftpGef;udkMunfhí tvkyfvkyfMuonf                         avaMumif;vdi;rsm; wdu½uqif;oufEiatmif tqifjh r§iwif
                                                                                                                                                                             k f        k f kd f                   kd f                  hf
tydkif;tjcm;tvdkuf tcef;ae&mcsxm;rIrsm;wGif (Rooms                              jzpfaomaMumifh aps;EIef;jrifhwufrIrsm;twGuf ,if;wdkYudkcsnf;               ay;jcif;tm;jzifh EdkifiHjcm;om;c&D;onfrsm; 0ifaygufwpfckwnf;
                                                Ü D
Allotment by Segment) c&D;oGm;ukrPrsm;twGuf ta&twGuf                            tjypfwifae&ef roifhavsmfacs/ t"dujyóemrSm tajccH                           rS pkNyHK0ifa&mufaejcif;udk a&SmifvTJEdkifrnfjzpfonf/ tusKd;quf
tenf;qHk;odkY avQmhcsxm;MuNyD; [dkw,fodkY wdkuf½dkuf0ifa&muf                    taqmuftODrvHkavmufrIaMumifh[kqdkvQif rSm;vdrfhrnfr[kwf                     tm;jzifh &efukefuJhodkY t"duavaMumif;0ifaygufudk tajccHí
aom{nfhonfrsm; (Walk in Guests) ? Online rS wkduf½dkuf0,f                       yg/ pD;yGm;a&;orm;rsm;taeESifh 0,fvdktm;rsm;í a&mif;ukef                   a&;qGJae&aom c&D;pOfrsm;ae&mwGif tjcm;aoma'orsm;udk
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u c&D;oGm;vkyfief;rsm;twGuf udkif;uRef;rSD uRef;udkif;rSD                       aps;uGuf (Liberal Economy) wGif jzpfay:vmonfhaps;uGuf
tvkyfvkyfcJh Muaom t&if;ESD;qHk;rdwfaqGrsm;[k ,HkMunfcJhaom                     twd k i f ; vG w f v yf c G i f h a y;&onf q d k a omf v nf ; tpd k ; &u                                                                pmrsufESm 34 od k Y
  Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012
                                                                                                                                    PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                                              The

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        33



jrefrmUEkdifiHa&;avUvmqef;ppfcsuf (10)1948-1988
CASE STUDY OF MYANMAR POLITICS1948-1988
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tjyefhus,fvmaomjynfwGif;ppf                                                                                   AsL½dku&ufrsm;aygif;NyD; EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm;udk z,f&Sm;rnfhtBuH
1/ ]Ekrl}ESifU jynfolh&JabmftuGJ                                                                              tpnftjzpfjrifonf/
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yg/ jynfolY&JabmftzGJUu ]vuf0JnDnGwfa&;}a<u;aMumfoHjzifh                                                      nDnGwfa&;aumifpD}ay:xGufvmjcif;jzpfygonf/ wyfrawmfrS
]jynfwGif;ppf&yfpJa&;}udkaqmfMoonf/ wyfrawmfacgif;aqmif                                                         d f                   d f     k f J G d f
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rsm;uvnf; tcsif;csif;wkdufMu&rnfh jynfwGif;ppfudkrvdkvm;                                                      &JabmfrS AkdvfrSL;atmif? AkdvfpdefrSef? Akdvfrif;acgif? Akdvfva&mif?
aMumif; azmfjyvmonf/ owif;pmawmfawmfrsm;rsm;uvnf;                                                             AkdvfnGefYarmif? AkdvfatmifnGefY? Adkvfzkef;atmif? qdk&S,fvpfygwD
vlxk\Nidrf;csrf;a&;qE´udk txift&Sm;azmfjyvmMuonf/                                                             rS OD;baqG? OD;ausmfNidrf;? OD;vSarmif? ocifwif? AkdvfatmifBuD;
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taMumif;&if;cHrsm;aMumifhyif jynfolY&JabmftzGJUcsKyf qkd&S,fvpf                                                  d f
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ygwDESifh OD;Ek? OD;odef;az(jrifh) Akdvfvusfm paom wpfoD;yk*¾v                                                aumifpD}udk 1948 ckESpf Zlvkdifv 16 &ufaeYwGif xlaxmifcJhMu
EkdifiHa&;acgif;aqmifrsm;pka0;NyD; jynfwGif;ppfjyóemajz&Sif;&ef                                               onf/ Ouú|rSm AkdvfcsKyfae0if;jzpfNyD; OD;odef;az(jrifh)u
twGuf enf;vrf;&SmazG&ef aqG;aEG;n§dEIdif;cJhMuonf/ þaqG;                                                      twGif;a&;rSL; wm0ef,lonf/
aEG;yGJrsm;rSyif aemifwGif ]Ekrl} [kxif&Sm;vmrnfh vuf0JnDnGwf                                                                     d       J D G f
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            vuf0JnDnGwfa&;vrf;pOf\ w&m;0iftrnfrSm ]wpfrsKd;                                                   &ef? AkdvfcsKyfae0if;udk umuG,fa&;0efBuD;cefY&ef? OD;wifxG#fudk
om;vHk;\r@dKifjzpfaom vuf0JnDnGwfa&;aMunmcsuf}[lí                                                             EkdifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;tjzpfrSz,f&Sm;&ef? ¤if;\ae&mwGif OD;tkef;
jzpfonf/ þaMunmcsufudk 1948 ckESpf arv 25 &ufaeYpGJjzifh                                                      odkYr[kwf aumifpDrSa&G;cs,folwpfOD;udkcefYxm;&ef qHk;jzwfcJh
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tawmfyif vuf0Jusonf[líyifqkdEkdifonf/ EdkifiHjcm;a&;wGif                                                      acgif;aqmiftcsKdU (Akdvfodef;wefESifh Adkvfatmifrif;)udkxkwfNyD;               wkdif;&if;om;wkdY\jyóemudk tav;xm;pOf;pm;chJhonfrsm;&Sd
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jynfolY&JabmftzGJUu rauseyf/ tay:pD;rS vufeufcscdkif;&m                                                                J D G f                   D
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aqmif&Guf&ef}tqdkjyKvmMuonf/ þodkYa0zefaxmufjyvmMu                                                            (RBA) trnfjzifh awmcdkoGm;cJhMuygawmhonf/ þudpöudk                             vkdufavsmonf/ 'kwd,tcsufudkrl vHk;0rvdkufavsmEkdif[kqdk
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cHolrsm;u ]&Jabmf0g}? &JabmfrludkvufcHolrsm;u ]&JabmfjzL}                                                     OD;ausmfNidrf;udk,fwdkifu zrf;qD;ta&;,lvkduf&ygawmhonf/                        e,ftwGif;xnfhay;Ekdifrnf[k wkHYjyefonf/
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                                                                                                              tpnf;rsm;rSm ]u&ifA[dktzGJUcsKyf} (Karen Central Organiza-                     avmufrSpwifcJhaom u&iftrsKd;om;wkdY\ oD;jcm;u&ifjynf
wyftcsKdYawmcdkjcif;                                                                                          tion) (KCO) ESifh ]u&ifvli,frsm;tpnf;t½Hk;} (Karen Youth                       e,fawmif;qdka&;vIyf&Sm;rIrSm vufeufudkify#dyu©toGifxd
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vyfa&;r&cifuwnf;u oD;jcm;u&ifjynfe,fawmif;qkdcJhMu                                                            oD;jcm;u&ifjynfe,fxlaxmifí NAdwdoQ"eo[m,tzGJUwGif                              bmvwGif tpkd;&u autif'DtkdtzGJUrS vufeufrsm;udkodrf;zkdY
aom u&iftrsKd;om;rsm;\ vIyf&Sm;rIrSm ydkpdyfvmonf/ vuf0J                                                      aevkdolrsm;jzpfonf/ KYO taeESifhrl u&ifjynfe,fxlaxmif                          qHk;jzwfcJh&m tpdk;&wyfzGJUrsm;ESifh autif'DtkdwdkYMum; tjyef
tiftm;pkrsm;\ tkdif'Dtdkvdk*sD tuGJtNyJwGif vlrsKd;pkjyóemu                                                   a&;udk rlt&vufcHMuaomfvnf; ArmwkdYESifhrcGJbJ wpfpnf;wpf                                  f               I
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awmhrnfhtaetxm;odkYa&mufvmonf/ þtajctaerSmyif                                                                 vdkMuonf/                                                                                       kd f
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tpdk;&tzGJUtwGif; tajymif;tvJrsm;vkyf&ef BudK;yrf;rIwpfck                                                            1947 ckESpf azazmf0g&DvwGif KCO ESifh KYO wkdY                          (awmifil)ESifh &JtzGJU0ifu&iftrsKd;om;tcsKdUyg autif'Dtdkrsm;
ay:aygufvmcJhonf/                                                                                             yl;aygif;NyD; ]u&iftrsKd;om;tzGJUcsKyf} (Karen National Union)                 ESifh yl;aygif;vmMu&mrS u&iftrsKd;om;vufeufudkifvIyf&Sm;rI
       umuG,fa&;0efBuD;Adkvfvusfm? wyfrawmfppfOD;pD;csKyf                                                     (KNU) udk zGJUpnf;cJhMuonf/ Ouú|rSm apmpHzkd;oifjzpfNyD;                                    d f                f S hf G f
                                                                                                                                                                                             rsm; t&Set[keEixuay:vmavawmhonf/ autif'tvyf                                                    D dk I
AkdvfcsKyfprpf'Gef;? &JAkdvfcsKyfOD;xGef;vSatmif? jynfxJa&;twGif;                                             'kwd,Ouú|rSm apmbOD;BuD; jzpfonf/ 1947 arvwGif                                          S                   h                h dk k
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    34
    VOICE
  The

                   PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                                                                                       Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012




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 Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012
                                                                                                       PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                            VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    35



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vTwfawmfu ajrprf;c&rf;ysKd;&onfhtcsdef jzpf&m vTwfawmf\ xm;aomOya'rsm;udk ausmfvGefum aqmif&Gufaejcif;&Sd r&Sd Mum;emrIrsm;xifoavmuf raygufajrmufjcif;vnf; jzpfEkdifyg
wm0ef0wå&m;rsm;udk rsm;pGmtm;xkwfrI&SdrSom jrefjrefqefqef apmifhMunfhum Mum;emjcif;jzpfygonf/ xdkwm0efrSm 'Drkdua&pD onf/ þuJhokdYjzpfaeonfqkdygu jynfolYb@maiGudk vpm
tajcusoGm;rnfhoabmyifjzpfygonf/ 'Drkdua&pDpepfudk pepftouf0ifa&;twGuf toufwrQta&;BuD;aomfvnf; tjzpf,lae&onfrSm vdyfjymoefYygovm; udk,fhudk,fudk,f
                                                                    k f               G              d
ul;ajymif;csifvQif vTwfawmfrsm; jrefjrefqefqef tajcuszkdY vduygaqmif&ujf cif;rsK; rawGU&ao; yg/ Oya'rsm;twnfjyK½H?k jyefar;MunhfzkdYjzpfygonf/ jynfoltwGufqkdNyD; vTwfawmfxJ
vkdygonf/ vTwfawmfrsm; aumif;pGmtouf0ifrSom trsm; ar;cGef;rsm;ar;jref;½HkESifh vTwfawmfonf tkyfcsKyfa&;tmPm a&mufvmMuNyDjzpfygonf/ ]jynfolwkdY\arQmfvifhcsuf vTwf
awmifhwaeaom 'Drkdua&pD touf0ifrnfjzpfygonf/ odkYaomf twGuf txde;f tausmif; (Check and Balance) jzpfvmrnfr[kwyg/ awmfuazmfaqmif&Guf} &awmhrnfjzpfygonf/
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vT w f a wmf \ oabmud k tpk d ; &yd k i f ; ua&m? vT w f a wmf            tqkdygwm0efudk xrf;aqmif&mwGif vTwfawmfonf                                              vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fBuD;rsm; tvkyfrsm;aeonfudk
udk,fpm;vS,frsm;tydkif;uyg (tm;vHk;udk rqkdvkdyg) arQmfrSef; tkyfcsKyfa&;tmPmrSwm0ef&Sdolrsm;? jyifywm0ef&Sdolrsm;\ em;vnfay;Ekdifaomfvnf; Mum;emrIrsm;udk vspfvsL½Ionfh
oavmuf tav;rxm;ao;onfuvnf; awGU&ygonf/ ,aeY yl;aygif;aqmif&GufrIvdktyfygonf/,cktcg vTwfawmfa&;&m oabmrsKd; vufcay;Ekiz,r&Syg/ rdrwYdk rqE´e,f&dS jynforsm;
                                          kd                                                                                                                                        H d f G f d                    d J                    l
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                                                                 tkyfcsKyfa&;wm0ef&orsm;\ yl;aygif;aqmif&urI tm;enf;jcif; wnfzkdYvdkygonf/ tpdk;&wGif b@maiG&SdrS aqmif&GufEdkifzG,f&Sd
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     tvkyfrsm;aeonfudk em;vnfay;Ekdifaomfvnf;                    &jcif;r&Sdao;yg/ Mum;emrI (Hearing) qkdonfrSm tb,fenf;/ ua&pDtavhtusifrsm;udk ud,wivnf; vTwawmfxrm usifh               h              k f dk f               f       J S
                                                                 w&m;½H;k rSm Mum;emjcif;rsK;d vm;[k xifaeolrsm;twGuf vwfwavm oHk;? jynfoludkvnf;'Drdkua&pDtavhtusifhrsm;udk usifhoHk;ap
     Mum;emrIrsm;udk vspfvsL½IonfU oabmrsKd;                                                                                                                   dk
                                                                 Munfhxm;aom Iron Man 2 Zmwfum;rS Zmwf0ifcef;wpfck rnfqvQif 'Drua&pDEiiawmfukd wnfaxmifaejcif;vnf;rnfygonf/   dk          kd f H
     vufcHay;EkdifzG,fr&Sdyg/ rdrdwkdhrJqE´e,f&Sd                udkjyefajymcsifygonf/ tqdkygZmwf0ifcef;wGif umuG,fa&;                                            'Drkdua&pDEkdifiHawmftwGuf ½kyf0w¬Kydkif;qkdif&m vkdtyf
     jynfolrsm;udk rdrdwkdhonf                                   qkdif&m aumfrwD (Senate Army Forced Service Committee) rS onfreaomfvnf; pdw"mwfyi;qdi&mu ydíta&;BuD;ygonf/
                                                                                                                                                                   S f                             f    kd f k f           k
                                                                 Iron Man jzpf o l u d k ol \ Iron Man 0wf p H k E S i f h y wf o uf í                    jynfolrsm;twGuf 'Drkdua&pDqkdonfrSm em;&nf0aeNyD;jzpfaomf
     uwdu0wfrsm;ay;cJUNyD;jzpf&m xkduwdrsm;udk                   Mum;emrIwpfck jyKvkyfygonf/ tqkdygMum;emrIudkMunfhvQif vnf; usifhpOfrsm;udk r,Ofyg;ao;aomumvjzpf&m rdrdudk,f
     wnfzkdhvdkygonf/ tpdk;&wGif b@maiG&SdrS                                   dk f H                      kH H       f                d f
                                                                 tar&duefEii\ Mum;emrIypukd &dyzrf;oHzrf; awGUEkiygonf/ wkdifu 'Drkdua&pDusifhpOfydkif;qkdif&mwGif pHjyusifhoHk;aerSom
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                                                                 w&m;½H;wGif trIppfonfEihf uGmjcm;aomtcsursm;udk awGUEkiyg jynfolwkdYonfvnf; vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fBuD;rsm; arQmfrSef;
     aqmif&GufEdkifzG,f&Sdaom vrf;cif;ay;rnf?                                                                                                                          dk
                                                                 onf/ xkdZmwf0ifcef;wGif a&;&maumfrwD0ifrsm;? vufeuf aom 'Drua&pDEiiawmfwif yg0ifvmEkirnfjzpfonf/ ,ckwif         dk f H              G              d f                      G
     wHwm;aqmufay;rnfqkdonfxuf                                   uRrf;usifol AdkvfrSL;BuD;? Iron Man 0wfpHkwDxGifol Zmwfvkduf rl vTwfawmfa&;&maumffrwDrsm;taejzifh Mum;emrIrsm;udk 'Drkd
     'Drkdua&pDtavUtusifUrsm;udk                                 wkdY\Mum;emrIwGif yl;aygif; yg0ifrIwkdYudk awGUEkdifygonf/                                               k f                    k
                                                                                                                                                          ua&pDvyief;pOfwpfctaejzifh xifoavmuf rpGr;aqmifao;                     f
                                                                          uRefawmfwkdYEkdifiHwGifvnf; þuJhodkYMum;emrIrsKd; awGUjrif aomtajctae&Sd&m 'Drkdua&pDpepfudk EkdifiHwGif wwfEkdiforQ
     udk,fwkdifvnf; vTwfawmfxJrSm usifUoHk;?                     csifvSygNyD/ Mum;emp&m trIrsm;u ywf0ef;usifwGif &Sdaeyg jrefqefpGm tajcusvkdaomEkdifiHom;wpfOD;taejzifh wifjya&;
     jynfoludkvnf;'Drdkua&pDtavUtusifUrsm;udk                    onf/ vuf&SdwGifvnf; awmifolv,form;wkdY\ v,f,majr om;vdkuf&ygonf/
                                                                 rsm;Oya't& r[kwfbJ odrf;,lcHae&jcif;rsKd;udk b,folrsm;                                           wu,fawmh 2008 ckESpfzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya' twdtus
     usifUoHk;aprnfqkdvQif 'Drkdua&pDEdkifiHawmfudk              Mum;emaeygovJ/ rD'D,mwGifajymqdkaeMujcif;udk Mum;aejcif; touf0ifvQifyif 0g;ESifhaygif;uGyfjcif;onfvnf; awmfawmf
     wnfaxmifaejcif;vnf;rnfygonf/                                                                                       f       k hf
                                                                 onf w&m;0ifMum;emjcif; enf;vrf;r[kwyg/ ud,wm0efu,f tvkyfjzpfonfhudef;&Sdygonf/        kd
                                                                 ausatmif xrf;aqmifMuzkdY vdkygonf/ Mum;emrIrsm;onf                                                                                                          armif a omif ; az


                                                                                   CARTOON OF THE WEEK
   36
   VOICE
 The

                 PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                                                                                                                  Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012




tif;vsm;uefapmif; tawG;aMumif;
a'gufwm0if;atmif            (UK)

         awmfonf 1989 ckESpftpydkif;u EkdifiHjcm;odkYoGm;a&mufí tvkyfvkyf aexdkifcJhaom jrefrmEkdifiHom;jzpfygonf/ trdajrodkY wpfESpfwpfcg jyefvmcJh&m ,ckESpfwGif ppfrSefaom
uRef     'Drdkua&pDEkdifiHBuD;udk wnfaqmufEkdifrnfh vrf;prsm;udkawGU&ojzifh jyefvm&onfrSmaysmfygonf/ &efukefNrdKUodkYjyefa&mufwkdif; tif;vsm;uefabmifwpfavQmuf eHeufapmapm
                                                                                                                           exk onf
vrf;avQmufygonf/ vrf;avQmufol? ajy;olrsm;ESifh pnfum;aeNyD; c&D;oGm;EkdifiHjcm;om; (Tourist) rsm;vnf; yg0ifygonf/ rdrdaexk d i fonfhEkdifiHwGifr&Sdaom anmifyifBuD;rsm;? ukuúdKyif
BuD;rsm;udkMunhf&if; vrf;avQmuf&wm tvGefoabmusygonf/
           aea&mifatmuf0if;vufaeaom ik0gyef;rsm;? uefabmif           &ufydkif;tvdkwGif NrdKUv,fyvufazmif; (Platform) &Sd rnDnm
wpfavQmuf&dS puúLyef;rsm;? jrufcif;ay:rS tvSyef;rsm;rSm rsupd   f    aom ausmufjym;ESifh cvkwfwkdufNyD; vJuscJhygonf/ &&Sdaom
yom'&SdvSygonf/ jrLawGqkdif;aeonfh tif;vsm;uefBuD;u                  'Pf&maMumihf c&D;pOfysufcJhojzifh olru wm0ef&Sdaom NrdKU
         d                                   I f f
wpfrsK;vSyovdk aejcnfatmufuvdi;vdyuav;rsm;? uefom;                          f
                                                                     tkycsKyfa&;tzGUJ odYk taxmuftxm;rsm;ESihf epfemaMumif; pmwif
jyifBuD;wGif t&dyfxifaeaom uRef;uav;rsm;udkvnf; Munfhí               cJhygonf/ olrbufu uRrf;usifonfh a&SUaeuvdkufcJhojzifh
r0yg/ uefabmifwpfavQmufuGefu&pf(Concrete) ausmufjym;                 NrdKUtkyfcsKyfa&;tzGJUu olrtm; awmif;yefcJhonhftjyif aemifESpf
                               f
rsm;udk ig;jym;tus,pm cif;ay;xm;ojzifh ½Icif;tvSukd cHpm;&if;                                         f                f dk f
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tjrefavQmufwwfaom rdrdtwGuf tqifajyvSygonf/                          ay;cJhygonf/ 'Drkdua&pDzGHUNzdK;NyD;aomEkdifiHrsm;wGif tkyfcsKyfol
jynfolvlxkpdwfcsrf;ompGm usef;rma&;vkdufpm;Ekdif&ef jyefYjyL;                                       l                      d
                                                                     rsm;u jynforsm;\ tusK;pD;yGm;udk tav;xm;Muygonf/ jynfol
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      k                          d
udvnf; aus;Zl;wifrygonf/ rnfonfae&mwGirqdk ydaumif;h     f  k        rsm;ud k tk y f c sKyf o l r sm;tm; wif j yawmif ; qd k & J M uygonf /
atmifvkyfEkdifonfh tcGifhtvrf;rsm; (Room for improvement)            xkdjynfolrsm;udk umuG,fay;&ef ckdifrmaom w&m;Oya'rsm;?
&Sdojzifh rdrdvrf;avQmuf&if; avhvmrdonfrsm;udk rdrdaeaom             &J0Hhaoma&SUae (Oya'0efxrf;) rsm;? w&m;olBuD;rsm;&Sdygonf/
EkdifiHrS tawGUtBuHKrsm;ESifh ESD;aESmí tjyKoabma&;om;wifjy          tif;vsm;uefabmifudk eHeufapmapm toHk;jyKolrsm;ojzifh                                                                      rsm; &ifhoefvmygrS EkdifiHtkyfcsKyfolrsm;pnf;rJhvQif a0zef&Jaom
vdkygonf/ EkdifiHjcm;u vmNyD; EkdifiHjcm;udk txifBuD;onfh            vlwkdif;pnf;urf;&SdrS tm;vHk;twGuf tqifajyygrnf/ vltrsm;                                                                  t&nftcsif;rsm;&SdvmEkdifygrnf/
pum;ajymonf[k tjypfwifrapmapvdkyg/ 'Drdkua&pDpepfudk                 rSm ausmufjym;vrf;udk pnf;urf;wus nmbufrS oHk;Muaomf                                                                                 uefabmifay:vrf;avQmufolxJwGif wHawG;axG;oltcsKdU
vdkvm;aom jynfolrsm;onf rnfonfhEkdifiHurqdk aumif;rGef                                                                f k dk
                                                                     vnf; vltcsKUd onf tkypvuf &ifaygifwef;íaomfvnf;aumif;?                                                                    udk awGU&ygonf/ xkdolrsm;wGif pydkY&SyfESifh abmif;bD&Snfudk
onfh enf;vrf;rsm;udk vufcHEkdifonfhoabmxm;&Sd&ygrnf/                 vrf;b,fbufudkrS a&G;íaomfvnf;aumif; avQmufMuNyD;                                                                          prwfusus0wfxm;olrsm;vnf; ygygonf/ jrefrmh"avhwGif
           tif;vsm;uefabmifwpfavQmuf cif;xm;aom ausmufjym;                      f S f d f                                f l
                                                                     rsuEmcsi;qkirS vrf;rSeorsm;udk vrf;rz,fcsihf z,fcsif &SMd uyg                                                             a&S;uyif wHawG;axG;wwfaom tusifh&Sdonfudk odygonf/
tcsKdUonf rnDrnm? <uwufaeNyD; tcsKdUqdkvQif wpfzufpGef;              onf/                                                                                                                      odkYaomf acwfrDwkd;wufaom 'Drdkua&pDEkdifiHudkwnfaxmifvdk
ueif;vQif tjcm;wpfzufpGef;u axmifwufvmonftxd                                        rnDrnmaom ausmufjym;rsm;udvnf; a&Smif&? rdroabm              k                                 d           vQif trsm;ESifhqkdifaom ae&mrsm;ü jynfolvlxktusKd;
vGwfaeojzifh jynfolrsm; cvkwfwkdufacsmfvJrnfhtEÅ&m,f &Sd             twkdif; vrf;avQmufolrsm;udkvnf; a&Smif&vQif usef;rma&;                                                                    (usef;rma&;) udkxdcdkufaprnfh tusifhrsm;udk a&Smif&ygrnf/
ygonf / wpf r euf w G i f ausmuf j ym;vrf ; ab;jruf c if ; ü         twGuf vrf;tjrefavQmufolrsm;? ajy;olrsm;? tif;vsm;uef                                                                      EkdifiHwumESifh &ifaygifwef;vdkvQif EkdifiHwumu vufrcHEkdif
                 kd       dk f           D d f
abmif;bDw0wfEiijH cm;om;wpfO;xkiaeonfuawGU&NyD; ol\   kd             ½Icif;tvSudk cHpm;&if; vrf;avQmufolrsm; cvkwfwkdufvJEkdifyg                                                               onfh trltusifhrsm;udk y,f&ygrnf/
'l;acgif;udk ywfxm;onfht0wfwGif aoG;pGef;aeonfudkowd                 onf/ 'Drdkua&pDudkcHpm;vkdaom jynfolrsm;onf 'Drkdua&pDESifh                                                                          rdrdonf obm0tvS (Natural Beauty) udkjrwfEdk;ojzifh
xm;rdygonf/ teD;&Sd ulnDvkdoljrefrmtrsKd;orD;u ]oljrefrm             xdkufwefatmif tajccHutp pnf;urf;&Sd&ygrnf/ tao;tzGJ                                                                       tif;vsm;uef\ obm0½Icif;tvSudkcHpm;&if; vrf;avQmufyg
vdkem;rvnfbl;? ulygOD;} [kqdkojzifh tultnDay;&ef t*Fvdyf                                                                k f
                                                                     utp 'Drdkua&pDESifh xduwefaom trltusirsm;? pdwxm;rsm;                                    hf               f               onf/ uefwpfae&mwGif xdyfwef;jrefrmvkyfief;&SifBuD;wnf
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                                                                     arG;&ygrnf/ odYkr[kwvQif ]igvrf;avQmufcsiovkd avQmufrnf}                               f                                  aqmufxm;aom a&ay:a*gufuGif; (Golf Course) udkawGUyg
Ekdifojzifh rnfonfhtultnDrQrvdkaMumif; ajymygonf/ rdrdu                     dfH
                                                                     rS EkiitwGuf ta&;ygaomudprsm;wGif ]igvkycsiovdvyrnf}               ö                        f f k kf                      onf/ jrefrmhvkyfief;&Sifrsm; NrdKUawmfESifh EkdifiHawmf wkd;wufa&;
teD;&SdcHkwGif em;NyD;rS c&D;quf&ef? ausmufjym;rsm; rnDojzifh                      d f G
                                                                     okYd qkuom;wwfygonf/ tar&duefor®w Harry Truman u                                                                          twGuf aqmif&GufMuonfudk BudKqdktm;ay;ygonf/ odkYaomf
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                                                                     ]]'Drua&pDqwm ud,usiw&m;&So?l todÓPf&o?l qifjcifwkH                   d                        dS                         tif;vsm;uef? uefawmfBuD;wdkYonf &efukefNrdKUawmfomru
           NAdwdefEkdifiH rdrdaeaomNrdKUwGif rdrd\todtrsKd;orD;onf   w&m;&Sdol? w&m;rQwrI&SdolawGeJY tajccHNyD; wnfaqmufxm;                                                                    jrefrmEkdifiHawmftwGufyg ta&;ygonfh obm0tvS&wem
tDwvDEkdifiHodkY taysmfc&D; (Holidays) oGm;&ef tm;vHk;pDpOfNyD;      wmjzpfwJhtwGuf tJ'DvlrsKd;awGom 'Drkdua&pDpepfeJY xkdufwef                                                                (National Treasure) rsm;jzpfygonf/ NAdwdefwGif þodkYta&;
                                                                     w,f}} [k qdkcJhygonf/                                                                                                     ygaom obm0tvSae&mrsm;wGif vlaetdrfrsm; aqmufcGifhr&Sd
       rnDrnmaom ausmufjym;rsm;udvnf; a&Smif&?
                                     k                                              tif;vsm;uefabmifwif trIuy;tcsKdUxm;ay;aomfvnf;  G        d f kH                                            ouJoYkd pD;yGm;&;vkyief;rsm; vkyciray;yg/ xdoYkd ta&;ygaom
                                                                                                                                                                                                        h                f        f G hf            k
                                                                     eHeufapmapm uefabmifay: trIursm; jyefYBuaeonfrm tMunf&           d f               J                    S             h   obm0tvSrsm;ESihf a&S;a[mif;vuf&mtaqmufttHrsm;udk Na-     k
              d
       rdroabmtwkdif; vrf;avQmufolrsm;udkvnf;
                                                                     qdk;onfhtjyif vlxkusef;rma&;udkvnf; xdcdkufEkdifygonf/                                                                    tional Trust ESifh English Heritage [kac:aom tzGJUBuD;ESpfcku
       a&Smif&vQif usef;rma&;twGuf                                        d                  h dk f H G
                                                                     rdraeonfEiiwif vlaexlxyfNyD; urÇmwpf0ef;rS vlrsKd;aygif;pHk                      h                                        xdef;odrf;apmifha&SmufMuygonf/ tpdk;&u xkdtzGJUBuD;rsm;udk
       vrf;tjrefavQmufolrsm;? ajy;olrsm;?                            aexkdifonfh (Cosmopolitan) vef'efNrdKUBuD;wGifvnf; pnf;rJh                                                                      kH             hH h        l l k
                                                                                                                                                                                               &efyaiGaxmufyouJoYkd jynfovxuvnf; rdrwYkwpfEif toif;d d     dk
       tif;vsm;uef ½Icif;tvSudk cHpm;&if;                                    I f               l d
                                                                     trduypforsm;&Sygonf/ odYk aomf a'ocHNAdwoQvlrsKd; (Indig-                                    d                            0ifaMu; ay;oGif;yHhydk;Muygonf/ jynfolwdkYtaeESifhvnf; EkdifiH
       vrf;avQmufolrsm; cvkwfwkdufvJEkdifygonf/                      enous British) taersm;aom NrdKUi,f&Gmi,frsm;wGifrl ywf0ef;                                                                  k        k     k f                          f
                                                                                                                                                                                               ydi?f bd;bGm;ydiobm0tvStytarGtESprsm; (Unspoilt Natural
       'Drdkua&pDudkcHpm;vkdaom                                      usifrSm oefY&Sif;oyf&yfaewwfygonf/ rdrdxkdae&mrsm;odkY                                                                    Beauty) udk yk*¾vduESifh pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief; tpGef;txif;rS
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                                                                     oGm;&mwGif trduwpfckcsrvQif jzLpifaomt0wfay: aq;rnf;      d                                                               uif;vGwfpGm cHpm;EkdifMuygonf/ rdrdwdkYom;pOfajr;qufvnf;
       jynfolrsm;onf 'Drkdua&pDESifU
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                37
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    38
   The
         VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Monday, April 9 - 15, 2012




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Voice :           NyD;cJhwJh 2010 a&G;aumufyGJ                                     k
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a&G;aumufyGJrSm ae&mwpfckyJtEdkif                           awmh ,HkwJhtwdkif;vkyfaezdkY vdkyg                                                                      ydkNyD; vkyfvmEkdifr,fvkdYxifygw,f/                              Voice : tckMum;jzwfa&G;aumufyJG
&NyD; usefae&mtm;vHk; ½HI;edrfhcJhwm                        w,f/ wwd,wpfcuawmh ud,,kH        k            k f                                                       Voice : vuf&Sd jynfckdifNzdK;ygwDudk                             vTwfawmftrwfae&m 45 ae&mrSm
bmjzpfvYkdygvJ/ oH;oyfay;ygcifAsm/    k                     ovdk? udk,fvkyfaeovdk olrsm;awG                                                                         jynfoltrsm;pku t&iftpdk;&eJY wGJ                                 BuHUckdifa&;u wpfae&myJtEkdif&cJhay
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                                                            Voice : Ediiwumua&m? vltrsm;pk                                                                          UHO : uRefawmfwifjycsifwmu                                                       H I
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taeawG? jynfolawG&JUtusKd;jyK                               ae&mrSm tm;vkH;½HI;edrfhoGm;wJhtcsuf                                                                         dk
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vkyfief;aqmif&GufrItajctaeawG                               udk b,fvdkrsm; rSwfcsufay;csifyg                                                                                    h                   k
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a&m? qdk;wma&m 'gvnf;EdIif;,SOf&                            UHO : uRefawmfajymcJhwJh tcsuf                              w,f/ wcsKdUudpöawGrSm t,ltqr                aygif;pHkeJY a&G;aumufyGJawmfvnf;                                                         k df
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udk,fhygwDu aumif;ygw,fqdkwJh                               a&G;aumufyGJrormrIudk jrifvdkYvm;/                          tcsufav;csufeJYyJ wdkif;wm&r,f/             [mvnf; jynfoua&G;cs,fwtpk;&  l         hJ d                      Voice : bmrsm;jznhfpGufajymcsifyg
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Edkifao;wJhtwGuf tckawmh odrSm                              aumufyGJeJYywfoufvdkY oefYoefY&Sif;                         tcsufawGuawmh trsm;BuD;&Sdyg                wGif;xJuyg? rD'D,mavmuuyg                                                             f
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rlwnfNyD;awmhrS vlxku oifhawmf                              avmavmq,fawmh rawGUao;bl;                                   r,fhudpöawGjzpfygw,fAsm/ 'DvdkyJ            rSefay:a&mufaew,f? aemufjyef                                     ywfoufNyD; trsm;pk&JUqHk;jzwfcsufeJY
r,fqdkwJholudk olwdkYa&G;cs,fwmjzpf                         vdkYyJ ajymcsifygw,f/                                       uRefawmfajymcsifygw,f/                      vSnfhzkdYawmhroifhbl;? 'Dvkyf&yfawG                                           G                   D
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emcHyghr,f/ 'DOpömudkyJ vufcHyg                                         dS
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w,f/ tJvdkvufcHNyD;wJh tcsdefrSmyJ                          UHO : ckewkef;u tEdkif&oGm;wJh                                  k f         f       D
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awG jzpfygw,f/ 'Dvkyfief;pOfrSm                             &Sd&ifawmh tukefvHk;onf udk,fhwdkif;                        yl;aygif;aqmif&GufEkdifwJh vltrsm;          tusKd;&Sdr,fhvkyfief;awGudk wu,fh                                                       dk f
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                                                                                                                                      f                             udkenf;rSefvrf;rSefeJY uRefawmfwkdY                                  D                              d
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udk uRefawmfwdkYtaeeJY 0rf;ajrmuf                           NyD;vkyfMur,fvdkY uRefawmfwkdY,Hkyg                         'Drkdua&pDpepfjzpfwJhtwGuf ygwD             aqmif&Guf&rSmaygh/ ta&;BuD;wmu                                                                                            ndrf;ol
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         39
    Monday, April 9 - 15, 2012                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  VOICE


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Voice :           Mum;jzwfa&G;aumufyGJrSm                                                     G f
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   40
  The
        VOICE                                                                                                                                                                                               Monday, April 9 - 15, 2012




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awG;ylaeyHkr&ayr,fh touf 80 t&G,f rdciftdkuawmh pdk;&drf                  vkyfudkifEkdifatmif zefwD;ay;cJhvkdY awmfygao;&JUvkdYvnf; awG;rd
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olwpfa,mufvdkY uRefru owfrSwfrxm;wJhtwGuf olY&JU                                   ]]rmrDu i,fi,f&G,f&G,feJY tazqHk;oGm;wJh Fatherless
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touf 80 xJa&mufaeayr,fh aeYpOf Disciplined Life eJY ae                    awG;wwf? ajymwwfw,fvkdY atmufarhrdygw,f/ tckawmh
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 Vol.8 / No.17 - April 9 - 15 , 2012                                                                                                                                       THE VOICE WEEKLY 41
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      41




FOREIGN AFFAIRS
 Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              The




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  The
     VOICE             FOREIGN AFFAIRS                                                                                                                                                                                 Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012




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                                                                        FOREIGN AFFAIRS                                                                                                                                                   The

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    43




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   44
   VOICE
 The

                     FOREIGN AFFAIRS                                                                                                                                               Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012




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                                                                                                                       rsm;u ,k H M unf p d w f c s&aom                                                    wifat;ausmf
 Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012
                                                              FOREIGN AFFAIRS                                                                                                                                                            The

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 45




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  46
  VOICE
The

              SPORT                                                   English
                                                                                                                                                         Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012



       Soccer Weekly Fixtures
             7-4-2012 (paeaeY) y&D;rD;,m;vd*f yGJpOf (32)             Premier League
qef;'g;vef;ESifh pyg;pf                         n 6;15 em&D      TV
abmfvfwefESifh zlvf[rf                          n 8;30 em&D           Prediction Match (32)
cs,fqD;ESifh 0D*ef                              n 8;30 em&D
vDAmyl;ESifh tufpwefADvm
aem0pfcsfESifh tJAmwef
                                                n 8;30 em&D
                                                n 8;30 em&D
                                                                      vDAmyl;? ref,l? refpD;wD;ESifU cs,fqD;
0ufpfb&Grf;ESifh bvufbef;                       n 8;30 em&D                                                                                                                armifom'if
pwkwfpD;wD;ESifh 0kAf                           n 11;00 em&D     TV
                                                                      qef;'g;vef;ESifh pyg;pf (y-ausmh pyg;pf 1;0 qef;'g;vef;) - ESpfoif;qHkawGUwdkif; ajcukefxkwf,SOfNydKifavh&SdcJh
                      *smrefbGef'ufpfvD*g yGJpOf (29)                 NyD; vuf&SdtcsdefwGif ajcpGrf;uGm[csufr&Sdí yGJaumif;rnf/ wdkufppfOD;pm;ay;AsL[mudkom ESpfoif;vHk;OD;pm;ay;zG,f
bkdif,efjrL;epfESifh atmhpfbwf                  n 8;00 em&D           &Sd&m uGif;v,fupm;uGuftenf;i,fydkrdkwnfNidrfaom pyg;pftoif;taejzifh abmvHk;ydkifqdkifrIydk&Edkifonf/ odkYaomf
udkvHk;ESifh 0g'gb&Drif                         n 8;00 em&D                  f G f k                k k kd                                                    k S f d   k f
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                                    47
Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012
                                VOICE
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          Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012
                                                                                                     SUPPLEMENT
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                                                                  OICE
  Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           VOICE
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  Vol.8 / No.17                                                                                      Weekly                                                                                   Monday, April 9 - 15 , 2012

 POLITICS




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