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					Millennium Development Goals

     Make a World of Difference
         Millennium Development Goals

• In 1945, representatives of 50 countries met in San Francisco

• USA at the United Nations Conference on International Organization to
draw up the United Nations Charter.

• It was ratified by China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom,
the United States and a majority of other signatories.

• As a result, the United Nations officially came into existence on 24
October 1945.
      Millennium Development Goals

United Nations has been working with states leaders in three major
global governance areas - Human Rights, Peace Keeping, and
Sustainable Development

In September 2000 at the Millennium Summit, the largest gathering of
world leaders in history, the UN Millennium Declaration was adopted,
committing their nations to a new global partnership to reduce extreme
poverty and outlining a series of time-bound targets known as the
Millennium Development Goals with a deadline set for 2015.
Millennium Development Goals
       Millennium Development Goals

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are the world's time-bound
and quantified targets for addressing extreme poverty in its many
dimensions-income poverty, hunger, disease, lack of adequate shelter,
and exclusion-while promoting gender equality, education, and
environmental sustainability. They are also basic human rights, the
rights of each person on the planet to health, education, shelter, and
          Millennium Development Goals

Millennium Development Goals (MDGS) is a shared vision among all of
international leaders. Due to these goals, they all know what development is
about and they all know what needs to be done

The Millennium Development goals are, in my understanding, the most
important global governance that each and every International Organization,
Non Governmental Organization and world leaders should work towards to. It
is and expansion of the UN global Governance in Human Highs, Peace Keeping,
and Sustainable Development

Millennium Development Goals

    Goal 1. Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger
       Millennium Development Goals

A. Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day.

B. Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger.
       Millennium Development Goals

More than 30 per cent of children in developing countries – about 600
million – live on less than US $1 a day.
         Millennium Development Goals

Every 3.6 seconds one person dies of starvation. Usually it is a child under the
age of 5. Poverty hits children hardest and it creates an environment that is
damaging to children’s development in every way – mental, physical,
emotional and spiritual.
          Millennium Development Goals

Some 300 million children go to bed hungry every day. Of these, only eight
percent are victims of famine or other emergency situations. More than 90 per
cent are suffering long-term malnourishment and micronutrient deficiency
Millennium Development Goals

  Goal 2. Achieve Universal Primary Education
          Millennium Development Goals

2.1) Ensure all boys and girls complete a full course of primary schooling.

As of 2001 estimates around 115 million children of primary school age, the
majority of them girls, do not attend school.
Millennium Development Goals

Goal 3. Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women
           Millennium Development Goals

Two-thirds of the world’s 799 million illiterate adults ages 15 and over are

Practices such as early marriage or poor health services result in high rates of
maternal mortality.

Some 121 million children are not in school, most of them girls. They are chosen
over the boys to do housework, to take younger siblings and to fetch water
instead of going to school.

Girls will also most likely be withdrawn from school early in adolescence as the
age of marriage approaches.
            Millennium Development Goals
Educated mothers immunize their children 50 per cent more often than mothers
who are not educated, and their children have a 40 per cent higher survival rate.
Moreover, mothers who have had some education are more than twice as likely to
send their own children to school, as are mothers with no education.

Educating girls is the single most effective policy to raise overall economic
productivity, lower infant and maternal mortality, educate the next generation,
improve nutrition and promote health.

In fact, there are an estimated 60-100 million fewer women alive today than there
would be in a world without gender discrimination and without social norms that
favor sons.
           Millennium Development Goals

Tens of millions of children across the globe are victims of exploitation, abuse
and violence each year. They are abducted from their homes and schools and
recruited into armed conflicts, exploited sexually, or trafficked and forced to
work in abominable conditions. Girls in particular are vulnerable, particularly
when not in school.

Girls also suffer from abuses that may have their society’s mandate, but
severely curtail their rights: they are victims of violence in the home, they aren’t
allowed to attend school, are forced into early marriage, or to undergo genital
Millennium Development Goals

        Goal 4. Reduce Child Mortality
           Millennium Development Goals
     4.1) Reduce by two thirds, the mortality rate among children under five

Around 270 million children, just over 14 per cent of all children in developing
countries, have no access to health care services.

About 29,000 children under the age of five – 21 each minute – die every day
mainly from preventable causes.

Research and experience show that six million of the almost 11 million children
who die each year could be saved by vaccines, antibiotics, micronutrient
supplementation, insecticide-treated bed nets and improved family care and
breastfeeding practices.
Millennium Development Goals

    Goal 5. Improve Maternal Health
        Millennium Development Goals

Some 529,000 women died giving birth last year, 99 per cent of them in
developing countries. For each birth-related death, 30 other women were
injured or disabled.

A woman in sub-Saharan Africa has a 1 in 16 chance of dying in pregnancy or
childbirth, compared to a 1 in 4,000 risk in a developed country – the largest
difference between poor and rich countries of any health indicator.

The direct causes of maternal deaths are hemorrhaged, infection, obstructed
labor, hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, and complications of unsafe
Millennium Development Goals

Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases
        Millennium Development Goals

6.1) Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS.

6.2) Halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
          Millennium Development Goals

Globally, 2.3 million children are living with HIV. In 2005, around 380,000
children died of AIDS and 540,000 children got newly infected. Over 15 million
children have lost one or both parents to AIDS.

Another target in this area is increasing the rate of children sleeping under
mosquito nets to at least 60 per cent in malaria-endemic areas. Malaria is
responsible for 10 per cent of all under-five deaths in developing countries.

In some countries in sub-Saharan Africa, HIV prevalence among teenage girls is
five times higher than among teenage boys. The danger of infection is highest
among the poorest and least powerful; particularly children who live among
violence suffer sexual exploitation or have been orphaned by HIV/AIDS.
Millennium Development Goals

    Goal 7. Ensure Environmental Sustainability
           Millennium Development Goals

7.1) Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies
and programs; reverse loss of environmental resources

7.2) Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe
drinking water

7.3) Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum
dwellers, by 2020
         Millennium Development Goals

Out of 100 people in developing countries, 17 will not have safe drinking
water (43 in sub-Saharan Africa) and 42 will not have adequate sanitation

A child dies every 15 seconds from disease attributable to unsafe drinking
water, deplorable sanitation and poor hygiene.

As of 2002, one in six people worldwide – 1.1 billion total – had no access to
clean water. About 400 million of these are children. Four of ten people
worldwide don't have access to even a simple latrine. And more than 614
million children have to live in dwellings with more than five people per
room with mud flooring.

Millennium Development Goals

Goal 8. Develop a Global Partnership for Development
          Millennium Development Goals

8.1) Develop further an open trading and financial system that is rule-based,
predictable and non-discriminatory, includes a commitment to good
governance, development and poverty reduction— nationally and

8.2) Address the least developed countries' special needs. This includes tariff-
and quota-free access for their exports; enhanced debt relief for heavily
indebted poor countries; cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more
generous official development assistance for countries committed to poverty

8.3) Address the special needs of landlocked and Small Island developing States
          Millennium Development Goals

8.4) Deal comprehensively with developing countries' debt problems through
national and international measures to make debt sustainable in the long term

8.5) In cooperation with the developing countries, develop decent and
productive work for youth

8.6) In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to
affordable essential drugs in developing countries

8.7) In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new
technologies— especially information and communications technologies
       Millennium Development Goals

Millennium Development Goals Monitor:
Millennium Development Goals

              Noeli Piccoli Biggs
               Richland College
     International Programs Coordinator
  International Education and Partnership

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