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					Website Development
Website Development

   Origins of the Internet
   The World Wide Web
   Establishing a Website
        Concept
        Design
        Creation
        Deployment
        Technical Issues




    UFCEKR-20-01 Media Technologies   B.Sc Multimedia Computing
Origins of The Internet
   Established by the US Military in late 1950s as a response to the then
    perceived Russian (Soviet) technological advances e.g the launch of
    the first satellite (Sputnik).
   Evolved through 1960s - 1980s mainly by military and academic
    institutions (Universities).
   Emerged during mid 1990s within the domestic home market mainly
    through the new operating systems capabilities (Windows 95/98) and
    ease of hardware configuration.
   Late 90s Freeserve launched free Internet access (pay for calls - no
    monthly fee) gave way to general increase in takeup by the home user.
   Broadband rollout during earl;y part of new millennium further enlarges
    user base and leads to new forms of media delivery - music and video
    online e.g Apple iTunes etc.
   Future of Television seen by many to be associated with the Internet
UFCEKR-20-01 Media Technologies                            B.Sc Multimedia Computing
The World Wide Web (WWW)
   The Internet is the physical network of Servers (dedicated computers),
    and other network devices (routers, hubs, cables etc.) that are
    interconnected across an international network hence (Internet).
   The World Wide Web is the (mesh) of millions of hyperlinked pages of
    text and data that resides on the Internet - it is an overlay of hyperlinks
    to data (information - hopefully).
   Concept of Hyperlinks connecting Internet pages first suggested and
    described by Tim Berners-Lee in 1989.
   He now directs the World Wide Web Consortium, an open forum of
    companies and organizations with the mission to lead the Web to its full
    potential.



UFCEKR-20-01 Media Technologies                               B.Sc Multimedia Computing
Whats in a Website
      What's in it?                         =                    Content
      What does it look like                =                    Design
      How do you move around                =                    Navigation

            Content - Ideas - what's it about? - focus, target audience
            Design - ‘look and feel’ GUI Design
            Navigation - Moving around the site




                  Linear                                       Interlinked
    UFCEKR-20-01 Media Technologies                                        B.Sc Multimedia Computing
Web Development Cycle
   Planning & Design & gather content resources
   Author - Code & Fixup
   Publish - transfer files to a webserver
   Test - test the links and download times
   Debug fix missing links
   Republish
         Search Engine Registration
         User Evaluation
   Maintenance and Review

UFCEKR-20-01 Media Technologies            B.Sc Multimedia Computing
Standard & Conventions
   Give every page a title - helps some search engines reference the page
   Use underscore style for file names - my_web_files.html
   aLwAys uSE lowercase
   Organise folder structure for images and resources

   Homepage is always named index.html            or index.htm
         User enters a URL in their browser location field
         Request is transmitted across the Internet to the
          corresponding webserver which hosts the website
         Webserver looks for a page called index.html or index.htm to
          send to the computer, if it can’t find the page it will only send
          a view of the websites home folder!

UFCEKR-20-01 Media Technologies                             B.Sc Multimedia Computing
Hosting a Website
   Need a company to host (store) the pages associated with your site.
   Internet Service Providers (ISPs) often provide space for ‘user
    webpages’ eg. www.virgin.com/userspace/barrydean/
   Some have subdomain ( where company name appended to
    username) e.g www.activemedia.flyer.co.uk - (Company name Flyer
    Internet)
   Most businesses usually register a ‘top level’ domain name and pay a
    webhosting company to host the site
     e.g
     www.argos.com
     www.sky.com



UFCEKR-20-01 Media Technologies                           B.Sc Multimedia Computing
Registering a Domain Name
   .com, .net, .org, .co.uk, . uk.ltd .biz
       .com .net & .org still prized as best top level domain names
         most .com names gone or ‘drifting in cyberspace’
         New domain extensions released to combat shortage .biz, .uk.com, etc.
   Academic domains (.ac) administered by UKERNA strictly controlled
    must ba publicly funded academic organisation to register .ac
   Some websites dedicated to providing domain registratio services and
    in links to the whois database www.register.com
   The whois database stores information about domain registrants,
    where the site is hosted and when the registration was last updated
    and when due for expiry.



UFCEKR-20-01 Media Technologies                                   B.Sc Multimedia Computing
Publishing a Website
   Publishing a website usually involves transferring files associated with
    the site to a remote server.
   The transfer takes place typically using File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
   Logging on to the remote server using FTP client software and
    providing the following information:
        Host address of the remote server on the Internet e.g www.barrydean.net
        UserName
        Password
      In most this information is usually provided as part of setting up a site in
      Dreamweaver




UFCEKR-20-01 Media Technologies                                    B.Sc Multimedia Computing
                Folder Structures - Local View




UFCEKR-20-01 Media Technologies                  B.Sc Multimedia Computing
          Folder Structures - Remote View




UFCEKR-20-01 Media Technologies             B.Sc Multimedia Computing
Useful Sites
Domain Registration
 www.register.com

Whois Database
 www.who.is

World Wide Web Consortium
 www.w3.org

Flyer Magazine provides a free ISP and webhosting service.
  www.flyer.co.uk




UFCEKR-20-01 Media Technologies                          B.Sc Multimedia Computing
Has your name been taken?


           Try your name at
        http://www.register.com !




UFCEKR-20-01 Media Technologies   B.Sc Multimedia Computing

				
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