P R O S TAT E C A N C E R I N F O R M AT I O N
1-888-MEN-2-MEN (Toll free)
MEN’S HEALTH NETWORK
PROSTATE HEALTH GUIDE
BECAUSE OF ITS
EFFECT ON LOVED ONES, FACTS ABOUT
THE DEAN & BETTY GALLO
PROSTATE CANCER CENTER AT
THE CANCER INSTITUTE OF NEW JERSEY
I Approximately 30,000 men in the U.S. die
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CENTER
FOR PROSTATE DISEASE RESEARCH I S N O T J U S T A M A N’ S
www.cpdr.org P R O B L E M, I T I S A each year from prostate cancer.
I Prostate cancer can be cured if detected
AMERICAN UROLOGICAL ASSOCIATION FAMILY PROBLEM. early.
I Prostate cancer is the most common cancer
Men’s Health Network thanks Judd W. Moul, MD, FACS, for contributing
his expertise to the information presented in this publication. in men.
AMERICAN CANCER SOCIETY
www.cancer.org Judd W. Moul, MD, FACS I Men at high risk (men with a family history
Professor and Chief, Urology of prostate cancer and African-American
NATIONAL PROSTATE CANCER COALITION Director, Prostate Center men) should begin yearly screening for
Duke University Medical Center prostate cancer at age 40 or earlier, all others
at age 50.
NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE Please note: The Men’s Health Network does not provide medical services. Rather,
this information is provided to encourage you to begin a knowledgeable dialogue
I African-American men have the world’s
1-800-4-CANCER (Toll free) highest rate of prostate cancer.
with your physician. Check with your health care provider about your need for
www.nci.nih.gov specific health screenings.
MEN’S HEALTH WEEK
M N Men’s Health Network TM
BUILDING HEALTHY FAMILIES ONE MAN AT A TIME TM
P.O. Box 75972, Washington, DC 20013 • 202-543-MHN-1 H
M N Men’s Health Network
email@example.com • www.menshealthnetwork.org
WHAT IS THE SCREENING TESTS
PROSTATE? C U R R E N T LY A V A I L A B L E
PSA – Prostate Specific Antigen
The prostate is a walnut-sized gland which
A blood test that can often detect a prostate
contributes to the fluid that helps carry sperm. related problem. An abnormal test may mean
It is located right in front of the rectum. additional testing is needed.
DRE – Digital Rectal Exam
A test where the doctor puts a gloved finger in
BLADDER the rectum to feel the prostate.
R E M E M B E R: TREATMENT OPTIONS
Prostate Cancer may be present without
any symptoms. See your doctor! I Removal of the prostate (Prostatectomy)
I Hormone therapy
RECTUM WHAT ARE THE I Cryotherapy*
RISK FACTORS? I Watchful waiting
Age – 40 or above for men with a family history Some men with prostate cancer may
of prostate cancer and African-American not need to have treatments.
males, 50 or above for other men. Men, together with their families along with
Family History – Father/brother/or male family consultation with their doctor, need to have the
member has prostate cancer. facts to make informed decisions about screening
and treatment for prostate cancer.
Race – African-American males are at highest
CANCER Early-stage prostate cancer usually has
no symptoms. Y O U C A N H E L P:
It is a group of cells growing abnormally More research on prostate cancer
Get regular checkups and see your health care treatments are needed and men should
out of control in the prostate that may provider if you experience any of the following: consider participating in clinical trials.
invade and destroy healthy tissues and
organs. Prostate cancer can grow differently I Persistent hip or back pain
for different people. Some cancers I Difficulty urinating
* Cryotherapy is an FDA-approved treatment for localized and
grow and spread rapidly, quickly Painful or burning urination locally recurrent prostate cancer. It may cause more sexual side
leading to death. Others grow slowly, I Blood in your urine effects than other local therapies, but interested patients should
ask their doctor for more information.
presenting little threat to the man. But remember, most prostate cancers
today have no symptoms