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National Food Security Mission

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									NATIONAL FOOD
SECURITY MISSION
Performance review


Presentation to the 3rd General Council meeting of the National Food Security
Mission on 7th December 2009 at 3 PM under the Chairmanship of Union
Agriculture Minister
 Demand Supply Gap
                        2008-09                             2011-12                2020
                                                            Projected
Crop       Projected   Projected    Surplus/    Projected               Surplus/ Projected
                                                            Productio
           Demand      Production   Shortfall   Demand                  Shortfall Demand*
                                                                n
                          95.34
Rice        92.87                     6.28       98.79       104.21      5.42        111.9
                         (99.15)
                          76.21
Wheat       72.72                     7.86       77.36       83.61       6.25            79.9
                         (80.58)
Coarse                    34.57
             35.9                     3.58       38.19       35.75       -2.44           37.3
Ceareals                 (39.48)
                          14.43
Pulses      17.51                    -2.85       19.91       15.73       -4.18           23.8
                         (14.66)
Foodgrai                 220.55
             219                     14.88       234.26      239.3       5.04        252.8
ns                      (233.88)
                          26.32
Oilseeds    47.43                    -19.27      53.39       27.53      -25.86       -
                         (28.16)
Wheat Targets
 9
 8
 7
 6
 5
                                                       Target
 4
                                                       Production
 3
 2
 1
 0
     2007-08   2008-09   2009-10   2010-11   2011-12
Rice Targets
12

10

 8

 6                                                     Target
                                                       Production
 4

 2

 0
     2007-08   2008-09   2009-10   2010-11   2011-12
Pulses Targets
Impact on productivity of Wheat
               Productivity increase in the No. of NFSM Districts in 2008-09 over 2006-07


State         <0 <10 >10 and <20              >20 (blank) Total % -ve
Rajasthan      9 2        3                     1          15    60
Haryana        4 3                                          7    57
WB             2          1                     1           4    50
Maharashtra    3 2        2                     1           8    37
UP            14 16       6                     2          38    36
Bihar          9 5                             11          25    36
MP            10 8        8                     4          30    33
Punjab         2 1                              1    3      7    28
Gujarat                                              4      4     0
Grand Total   53 37              20            21    7     138   38
Impact on productivity of Rice
                    Productivity increase in the No. of NFSM Districts in 2008-09 over 2006-07

State          <0    <10 >10 and <20 >20 (blank) Total                          % -ve
Jharkhand       5                                  5                             100
TN             10     1        1                   12                             83
Chhattisgarh    7     2        1                   10                             70
Orissa          8     2        4      1            15                             53
Bihar           7                    11            18                             39
WB              3     1        2      2            8                              38
AP              4     2        1      4            11                             36
UP              6     3        3     14            26                             23
Maharashtra     1     4               1            6                              17
Assam           2     2        2      7            13                             15
MP              1                     8            9                              11
Gujarat                                     2      2                               0
Karnataka                             7            7                               0
Kerela                         1                   1                               0
Grand Total    54     17      15     55     2     143                             38
Impact on Productivity of Pulses
                    Productivity increase in the No. of NFSM Districts in 2008-09 over 2006-07



State          <0    <10       >10 and <20         >20      (blank)     Total       % -ve
MP             16     2             2                                    20          80
Bihar           9     3             1                                    13          69
Maharashtra    10     1             1                6                   18          56
Haryana         2     2                                        1          5          40
Punjab          2     1                              1         3          7          29
AP              3     3               2              6                   14          21
Orissa          2     1               3              4                   10          20
Rajasthan       3     2               1              9         1         16          19
UP              3     3               1             12                   19          16
Chhattisgarh                          2              6                    8           0
Gujarat                                                        11        11           0
Karnataka                                           13                   13           0
WB                                    2              2          1         5           0
Grand Total    50     18             15             59         17        159         31
IMPACT OF DROUGHT
Loss of crop production in Kharif 2009

     166 of the 300 drought declared districts are covered by NFSM
 Area coverage of Kharif Rice ,2009
                                              Area in Lakh ha.




Normal    Area Covered     Change over 2008
 Area     2009     2008     +/-       %        % of Normal




391.86   335.86   395.49   -59.63   -15.08         85.71
Area coverage of Kharif Rice ,2009
  BIHAR                                       Area in Thousand

                    Area Covered           Change over 2008
                 2009        2008       +/-               %
 NFSM           1353.22     1936.48   583.255            30.12

Non-NFSM        949.15      1492.86   -543.706           36.42
  Total         2302.37     3429.33   -1126.96           32.86


Uttar Pradesh
                    Area Covered          Change over 2008
                 2009         2008      +/-               %
  NFSM          2028.96      3124.1   1095.14            35.05
Non-NFSM        2053.04      2984.2   931.16             31.20
   Total        4082.00      6108.3   2026.3             33.17
Impact on targets
• Loss of about 13 million tons of kharif rice and about 0.3 million
tons of pulses as per first advance estimate
• In Rabi and Summer seasons the Rice production can be
enhanced by about 3 million tons and pulses by 1 million ton
• Overall, therefore the rice production could be short by 5 million
tons as compared to base year of 2006-07 to reach 88 million
tons
• Pulses could achieve the target of additional 1.5 million tons as
compared to base year to reach 15.3 million tons
• In Wheat if the climate conditions remain favourable an
increase of about 2 million tons is possible to reach 82.6 million
tons, making the overall production of food grains reaching the
demand levels for the year
RICE
Additional strategies for production
Reducing Risks of Rice production
• Increased production in good season for maintaining food
buffer stocks
  • Promotion of Hybrid Rice; Strategies to enlist Private sector
    participation, and adapting Chinese experience of production of
    public bred hybrids
• Reaching out to low capacity rice farmers
  • Promotion of SRI; Inclusion of NGOs for individualized service to
    farmers especially for rainfed rice
• Develop technologies on drought and submergence
tolerance
  • Partnering IRRI for active promotion of STRASA
Constraints in
Hybrid Rice Promotion

    • Inadequate availability of breeder and certified seed
    • Seed Production limited to very specific region
    • Non –synchronous flowering of A & R lines in North
    India-Main cause for low seed setting
    • Private sector is not keen for seed certification- not
    eligible for assistance under NFSM
    • Higher cost and less comparative advantage in high
    productivity areas
    • High cost of seed and limited supply of quality
    seeds in the areas of demand
Impact of Hybrid rice seed Minikit
• Farmers were very happy to see the performance
of public rice hybrid because of shorter duration
than private hybrid during this drought year.
• This year rice hybrid minikits have been
distributed 51812 no (6 kg each) against 60300 no
allotted.
• Some states have utilized hybrid seed minikit as
demonstration under SRI.
Area in SRI under NFSM & Non-NFSM State

        2006            2007-08          2008-09          2009-10
        (base year)
NFSM- 437               1304             8942             2650*
State
Non-    264995          450000           522000           670000
NFSM
State
Total   265432          451304           530942           672650


              *Information is still awaited from some states
Challenges in SRI promotion
• Changing mind sets of the scientists and the farmers
   – Adoption and its continuation by Farmers
   – More documentation by researchers
• Refining technology to make it easier for adoption
   – Nursery raising
   – On farm moisture conservation to address dry spells in rainfed rice
     areas
• Labour problem in rural areas
   – Availability of Conoweeders
   – Approval for Power weeders
   – Development of Precision mechanised farming (single seedling
     multi line transplanter
• Availability of Farm Yard Manure
   – Promoting Green manure
IRRI partnership
• Popularizing Suvarna sub 1, submergence tolerance
variety
• Fast tracking release of drought and salinity tolerant
varieties developed by IRRI
• Common areas of interest – low productivity districts are
rainfed and flood prone
• MoU with IRRI for time bound delivery of services to the
farmers
WHEAT
Stabilizing the production
Coping with the climate change
• Promotion of Conservation Agriculture
  • Zero till seed drill machines and Laser aided land levellers
  • Regulations for timely planting of rice crops
  • System of wheat intensification; scaling up Bihar model
• Promotion of terminal heat tolerant varieties
  • Seed minikits of PBW 550, DW 17 varieties
  • Strategic research for developing new varieties
• Timely sowing of wheat in Eastern India
   • Flood control measures for early vacation of fields
PULSES
Realizing the yield potential and area expansion
Addressing yield gaps
• Merger of ISOPOM with NFSM
• Large scale Block demonstrations with nutrient and plant
protection centric approach
• Converging with Rainfed area development programs for
providing protective irrigation
• Pilot projects with ICRISAT on identifying promotional
strategies, control of pests and hybrids
• Controlling the blue bull menace by de regulation of its
status under wild life legislation
Area expansion
• Potential for summer moong in Punjab, Haryana, Western
UP in view of the water use regulation
• Developing rice fallows in Central and Eastern India
through promotion of rice hybrid-chickpea/lentil/lathyrus line
sown farming system
• Intercrops with soybean
• Inclusion of Jharkhand and Assam under NFSM for
intensive pulses promotion
Sum up
• NFSM has done very well in its first two years of operation
with achievement of the production targets
• Drought this year and the climatic factors for wheat
requires additional strategies to reduce the associated risks
and stabilize the production
• Pulses promotion approach is being revamped with
strengthening of NFSM through the proposed merger of
ISOPOM pulses components
• All the stake holders including the non governmental
organizations and the private sector need to be included in
the mission programs to deepen its reach
• New partnerships are being forged for capacity building of
the extension teams in the States

								
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