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William Shakespeare 1564 1616 (PowerPoint download)

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					William Shakespeare
     1564-1616




     Geschke/English IV AP
      William Shakespeare
                Introduction
•       Born April 23, 1564 in Stratford-on-
        Avon
•       Probably educated at the King
        Edward IV Grammar School in
        Stratford
    –    Learned Latin and a little Greek and
         read the Roman dramatists



                    Geschke/English IV AP
                     William Shakespeare
               Introduction
•    At eighteen, he married Anne Hathaway
    – She was seven or eight years his senior
    – Together they raised two daughters
      •   Susanna
          – Born in 1583
      •   Judith
          – Born in 1585
          – Had a twin brother who died in boyhood



                    Geschke/English IV AP
                     William Shakespeare
      Shakespeare’s Plays
•  In 1594, Shakespeare joined the Lord
   Chamberlain’s company of actors
  – Most popular of the companies acting at
     Court
• In 1599, Shakespeare joined a group of
   Chamberlain’s Men that would build and
   operate a new playhouse: the Globe
  – Became the most famous theater of its
     time

                Geschke/English IV AP
                 William Shakespeare
           Shakespeare’s Plays
•       Shakespeare wrote more than thirty
        plays
    –     Usually divided into four categories
         • Histories
         • Comedies
         • Tragedies
         • Romances


                     Geschke/English IV AP
                      William Shakespeare
           Shakespeare’s Plays
•       His earliest plays were primarily comedies
        and histories
•       In 1596, Shakespeare wrote Romeo and
        Juliet, his second tragedy, and over the
        next dozen years he would return to the
        form
    –     Julius Caesar
    –     Hamlet
    –     Othello
    –     King Lear
    –     Macbeth
    –     Antony and Cleopatra
                      Geschke/English IV AP
                       William Shakespeare
       Shakespeare’s Plays
•   In the final years of his life,
    Shakespeare turned to the romantic
•   Only eighteen of Shakespeare’s plays
    were published during his lifetime
•   A complete collection of his works
    did not appear until the publication
    of the First Folio in 1623, several
    years after his death.

               Geschke/English IV AP
                William Shakespeare
         Shakespeare’s Sonnets
•       Regarded as the foremost dramatist
        of his time
•       Evidence suggests that both he and
        his world looked to poetry, not
        playwriting, for enduring fame.
•       Shakespeare’s sonnets were
        composed between 1593 and 1601
    –    Not published until 1609

                   Geschke/English IV AP
                    William Shakespeare
         Shakespeare’s Sonnets
•       The Sonnets of Shakespeare consists
        of 154 sonnets
    –     All written in the form of three
          quatrains and a couplet
         • Recognized as Shakespearean




                     Geschke/English IV AP
                      William Shakespeare
         Shakespeare’s Sonnets
•       The sonnets fall into two groups
    –    Sonnets 1-126 address a beloved friend
         who is described as a handsome and
         noble young man
    –    Sonnets 127-154 address the
         mysterious “Dark Lady”
         •   Considered malignant but fascinating
         •   The poet seems to love her in spite of
             himself

                       Geschke/English IV AP
                        William Shakespeare
     Shakespeare’s Sonnets

•   Nearly all of Shakespeare’s sonnets
    examine the inevitable passing of
    time, and the immortalization of
    beauty and love in poetry




               Geschke/English IV AP
                William Shakespeare
              The Last Years
•       After 1612, Shakespeare retired from
        the stage and returned to his home
        in Stratford.
•       Shakespeare’s Will
    –    Included his famous bequest to his wife
         of his “second best bed.”




                    Geschke/English IV AP
                     William Shakespeare
          The Last Years
•   Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616
•   He was buried two days later at
    Stratford Church




               Geschke/English IV AP
                William Shakespeare

				
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