CHC2D: Twentieth Century Canadian History:
Chapter Six Questions:
Read chapter 6 of Spotlight Canada (pp. 134-159) and answer the following questions. Be
specific and detailed in your answers!
1. When and why was Prohibition introduced in Canada? What were the positive and negative
effects of Prohibition? When and why did Prohibition end in Canada?
2. The Great War gave rise to increased government involvement in Canadian society. How
did a world-wide epidemic continue this process?
3. From 1919 to about 1925, Canada struggled through an economic recession. What were the
causes of this economic downturn? What were some of the disadvantages faced by workers
in their relations with employers? What was the view of the government towards labour
4. In 1919, Winnipeg became the scene of the worst outbreak of labour unrest in the country.
When and how did the Winnipeg General Strike begin? What were the demands of the
striking workers? Who opposed the strikers? How was the conflict ultimately resolved? Do
you think the strikers were justified in their actions? Do you think the government and police
were justified in their actions? Explain. What were the results of the Winnipeg General
5. How was regionalism manifested in politics in the 1920s? Explain in detail.
6. What provisions were made for the support of veterans and others by the government after
World War I. Was such support temporary, or did it mark the beginning of further
government involvement in Canadian society?
7. How were Indians (Aboriginals) treated differently from other people by the Canadian
government. What was the underlying policy of the government towards Aboriginals at this
time? What was one of the most obvious ways this policy was implemented? How did
Aboriginals respond to this policy?
8. The so-called ‘Open Door’ immigration policy of the Laurier years was actually not as liberal
as was often portrayed. However, Canadian immigration policy of the post-World War I era
became even more restrictive. Explain how or in what ways immigration policy became
more restrictive, what ethnic groups were subject to increased restriction, and why.
9. By 1925, the Canadian economy experienced a resurgence. Describe the main sources of this
new economic prosperity. What regions were the chief beneficiaries of the economic
prosperity of the 1920s?
10. Although Canada was born as a nation in 1867, she was not fully autonomous until the late
twentieth century. Nevertheless, importance steps on the road to independence were taken in
the 1920s and 1930s. Describe these steps.
11. Explain the historical significance of the following:
Prohibition Indian Act
Bootleg booze Residential schools
Spanish flu Chinese Exclusion Act
Sir Frederick Banting and Charles Best Group of Seven
One Big Union Branch plant
Winnipeg General Strike Chanak Crisis
Maritime Rights Movement Halibut Treaty
National Progressive Party King-Byng Crisis
Soldier Settlement Act Balfour Report
War Veterans Allowance Act British Commonwealth of Nations
Pension Act Statute of Westminster