Chapter 7_ Section 4 _New_

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Chapter 7_ Section 4 _New_ Powered By Docstoc
					  Chapter 7, Section 4
Presidential Advisors and
   Executive Agencies
            Main Idea
• Thousands of employees and advisors
  help the President!
I. Executive Office of the President (225)
  A. Employees of the Executive Office of the
     President (EOP) help by preparing reports,
     helping write bills, and checking the work of
     various agencies.
      (Created by FDR-1939)
      ( 2000 employees with a budget of $100,000,000)




 B. The White House Staff work directly with the
     president. About 10 to 12 are president’s
     closest advisors. The most powerful = chief of
     staff.
                        Rahm Emanuel                    Erskine Bowles
C. The White House Staff screens the flow of
    information and people to the president.

***As a result, this group has a lot of power!***

D. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
    prepares the federal budget and monitors
    government spending.

***The federal budget lays out the
    administration’s plans and goals for the
    coming year.***
E. The National Security Council helps the
   president coordinate the military and
   foreign policy. It includes the vice
   president, secretaries of state and
   defense, NSC supervises the CIA.
F. George W. Bush created the office of
   homeland security to deal with terrorist
   activities. It includes members of the
   cabinet, FBI, and the border patrol.
G. Members of the Council of Economic
   Advisers (CEA) advise the president
   about complex economic matters, such
   as employment, taxes, inflation, and
   trade.
II. Cabinet
   A. The cabinet- a group of advisors that
     includes the heads of the 15 top-level
     executive depts.
***The head of the Department of Justice
     is called the Attorney general. The
     other department heads are called
     secretaries.***
B. Cabinet members advise the president on
    issues related to their departments.
***The president decides when the cabinet
    meets and how much to rely on their
    advice.***                     President Obama’s Cabinet




                                     Department of
                                     Homeland Security
III. The Vice President and the First Lady
      (page 228)
   A. Most presidents have delegated little
      authority to their vice presidents, though
      this is changing somewhat.
***Modern vice presidents have served on
      special advisory boards. They often
      visit foreign countries as
      representatives.***
             Vice President website
B. The Constitution does
    not mention the
    president’s spouse.
    Many First Ladies,
    though, have served
    the country in useful
    ways.
***Today First Ladies
    have an office and
    staff in the White
    House.***               Michelle Obama
IV. The Federal Bureaucracy
      (228-230)
    ***Executive Branch is      President
      shaped like a pyramid.
      Directly below the
      president are the         Cabinet
      cabinet secretaries and
      their departments. At
                                Agencies
      the next level are
      hundreds of
      agencies.***
A. Federal Bureaucracy- the agencies and
   employees of the executive branch. The
   workers are called bureaucrats, or civil
   servants.

B. Independent agencies- The executive
    branch includes hundreds of independent
    agencies. The 3 main types are:
       1. Executive agencies
       2. Regulatory commissions
       3. Government corporations
C. Executive Agencies deal with certain
    specialized areas.
                  Examples
1) National Aeronautics & Space Administration




                      (NASA)
2)Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
   Insures savings of depositors up to $100,000
3) Small Business Administration (SBA)
     Provides loans for small businesses
D. Government corporations- are like
   private businesses, except the
   government owns and runs them.

***Like business, they charge for their services,
    but are not supposed to make profit.
 Amtrak       US Postal Service   Tenn. Valley Authority
                                         (TVA)
E. Regulatory Commissions do not have to
   report to the president like other agencies.
   Only Congress can remove them through
   impeachment.
***Regulatory commissions protect the
   public by making/enforcing rules for
   certain industries.
                    Examples

                                 NRC




      FDA               FCC               SEC
F. Political Appointees- people whom the
  president has chosen because they have
  the ability or were supporters of the
  president’s campaign.
   Spoils System: Previously, government jobs
   were given to workers as a reward for loyal
   service
 The assassination of
 President Garfield led
 to reform and the
 creation of the Civil
 Service System
G. Around 90 percent of national government
   workers are civil service workers.
   Unlike appointees, they usually have a
   permanent employment.

  Federal workers have good benefits and
  most make it a career.
H. The civil service system- hires
   government workers on the basis of
   openness and skill.

***Civil service system is based on merit,
   only hire new workers who have
   passed series of tests.***
I. Merit System- Government officials hire
    people based on performance standards.
              Mini Quiz!!!
1. What is a government corporation? Give
  an example of one!
2. Over time, has the vice president gained
  or lost power?
3. New cabinet department created by
  President George W. Bush after 9/11?
4. What does the White House Staff do?
5. What are regulatory commissions?

				
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