Docstoc

BRITISH LITERATURE _to 18th cent.__1_

Document Sample
BRITISH LITERATURE _to 18th cent.__1_ Powered By Docstoc
					BRITISH LITERATURE
       AN OUTLINE
     (up to 18th cent.)
• I. OLD ENGLISH LITERATURE
    (5th century – 1066)


• II. MIDDLE ENGLISH LITERATURE
    (1066 – 1st half of 16th century)


• III. MODERN ENGLISH LITERATURE
    (2nd half of 16th century – now)
       I. OLD ENGLISH
 (ANGLO-SAXON) LITERATURE


• epic poems
          Beowulf


• chronicles
     The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
                Beowulf
• a young Viking – a hero
         x
• a monster Grendel
• Grendel´s mother
• a dragon
   The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
• during the reign of King Alfred the Great
  (871 – 901)
         II. MIDDLE ENGLISH
              LITERATURE

• religious literature
     John Wyckliffe: Middle English Bible
                      translation
• Arthurian literature
    Sir Thomas Malory: Le Morte d´Arthur


• Geoffrey Chaucer: The Canterbury Tales
                King Arthur
•   a legendary British leader
•   the Knights of the Round Table
•   Merlin
•   Guinevere
•   Lancelot
•   Mordred
•   Excalibur
•   Tintagel, Camelot, Avalon
       The Canterbury Tales
• end of the 14th century
• a collection of stories
• a story-telling contest in a group of
  pilgrims on their way to Canterbury
        III. MODERN ENGLISH
              LITERATURE


• Elizabethan literature = English Renaissance

     • sonnets   (Thomas Wyatt, Edmund Spencer,
                 William Shakespeare)

     • drama     (William Shakespeare, Ben Johnson,
                 Christopher Marlowe, Thomas Kid))
              English sonnet
love poetry

3 quatrains and 1 couplet

rhyme scheme: abab cdcd efef gg
W.Shakespeare: Sonnet 116
Let me not to the marriage of true minds (a)
Admit impediments, love is not love (b)
Which alters when it alteration finds, (a)
Or bends with the remover to remove. (b)

O no, it is an ever fixéd mark (c)
That looks on tempests and is never shaken; (d)
It is the star to every wand'ring bark, (c)
Whose worth's unknown although his height be taken. (d)

Love's not time's fool, though rosy lips and cheeks (e)
Within his bending sickle's compass come, (f)
Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks, (e)
But bears it out even to the edge of doom: (f)

 If this be error and upon me proved, (g)
 I never writ, nor no man ever loved. (g)
         Elizabethan drama
• William Shakespeare

    • comedies
    • histories
    • tragedies
• Jacobean era

    • religious literature (John Milton: Paradise Lost)

    • philosophical literature
      (Sir Francis Bacon)

    • poetry
      (John Donne)
• Restoration Literature

     •   religious literature (John Bunyan)
     •   philosophical literature (John Locke)
     •   poetry (Alexander Pope)
     •   first novel (Daniel Defoe: Robinson Crusoe)
     •   political satire (Jonathan Swift: Gulliver´s Travels)
     •   Gothic fiction (Horace Walpole: The Castle of
         Otranto)
           Alexander Pope
• translation of Homer

• satirical verse
  - heroic couplet
              Daniel Defoe
Robinson Crusoe

 - the beginning of
 realistic fiction as
 a literary genre
           Jonathan Swift
Gulliver´s Travels - a satire on human
nature

4 voyages
to different
fictional
countries
         Horace Walpole
the beginning of
Gothic novel
(combination
of horror and
romance)
           Scottish literature
• poetry (Robert Burns)
• historical novel (Sir Walter Scott)

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:3
posted:4/3/2012
language:
pages:19