The enrichment course for Immunology will be carried out in 2 parts – Immunology 1
and Immunology 2. Immunology 1 will be further divided into Parts ‘1A’ and ‘1B’.
The content of the first part of the enrichment module for Immunology 1 –
Immunology 1A - should provide a strong theoretical basis for the students to be able
to understand and carry out the activities in the following parts. It covers the basics
of immunology and provides an idea of how immunological studies are being used/
can potentially be used in healthcare today. The focus is enrichment, and therefore
should focus on real-world applications, with theoretical contents being the basis of a
As such, Immunology 1A will be divided into 3 sections, which will have a total
duration of 180 minutes (3 hours). The three parts will be:
Interactive/ problem-based learning
The first part of Immunology 1A will last 60 minutes. It will be carried out in a
classroom setting (of around 30 students) with one lecturer explaining the theoretical
concepts behind Immunology. The explanation would be made more interesting with
the use of multimedia contents such as videos and animations. With these, students
can picture the relevant concepts more clearly in their minds.
An outline of this section is described in the table below:
No. Topics Content Approach Duration
1 Introduction to Immunology Definition of immunology, Presentation 60 min
(To introduce terminologies, antigen, antibody, structure slides, Flash
basic understandings, and function of immune videos, images
theories, and concepts in system, innate and adaptive
immunology.) immunity, cells/ mechanisms
involved in immunity system.
Total duration: 60 min
Interactive/ Problem-based Learning
The second part of Immunology 1A will last 90 minutes, and should be lighter in
theoretical content. Content will be focused on:
relevant recent development in healthcare relating to immunological
problems relating to immunology
These will be used to reinforce theoretical concepts introduced in the previous
session. Students will be encouraged to think critically on:
the major safety concerns which surround the use of the immunological
approach in medical practices
the huge potential of such immunology which can improve the life of people
affected by certain diseases
The session will begin with a brief overview of the real-world applications of
immunology with focus on healthcare as well as the current scientific research. This
part will last approximately 15 minutes and will be in a lecture format, with the aid of
powerpoint slides, charts and other multimedia.
The next section will be the interactive session whereby three case studies will be
discussed in detail. The class will be split into groups and students will discuss the
various case studies and questions prepared, followed by group presentation/debate
and class discussion. The lecturer will act as a facilitator to guide students in the
right direction, and most of the ‘work’ and ‘thinking’ will be done by the students. This
section will be carried out with the aim of encouraging critical thinking and enabling
students to apply the immunological concepts learnt with real-world applications,
situations and advancements, as well as to express their opinions with regards to the
immunological healthcare. This section will last about 60 minutes (20 minutes per
case study), and can be customised according to the abilities of the students.
The last section will involve a final summary and conclusion of the previous three
case studies discussion. This section will last approximately 15 minutes and will be
in a lecture format, with the aid of powerpoint slides, charts and other multimedia.
The proposed methods by which this session can be carried out are described in the
tables below, and classified into three different case studies.
No Session Content/ Activity Duration
1 Interactive session, to apply 1. ABO group to demonstrate antigen-antibody 90 min
and enhance learning interaction and agglutination.
experience by promoting 2. Rh incompatibility.
class interaction 3. Some diseases related to immunology disorders e.g.
Total duration: 90 min
The third part of Immunology 1A will last around 30 minutes. It will be carried out with
the aims of:
assessing the understanding of students towards the essential aspects of
assessing the effectiveness of content presented/ activities in enabling the
student to understand Immunology
This session will be divided into 2 parts. The first will last approximately 25 minutes
and will include either a written quiz (MCQ) followed by the summing up of topics
introduced in the course and a Q&A session. The second part that will last
approximately 5 minutes is a feedback session to gather students’ feedback on the
The different sessions are described in the table below:
No. Assessment type Activity Duration
1 MCQ, Open book , Quiz, Presentation Access students’ 25 min
understanding and Q&A
2 Feedback Obtain students feedback 5 min
regarding the course
Total duration: 30 min
The sessions are designed to be hands-on, multi-pronged and customisable to cater
to the different abilities and needs of the students. As the descriptions above are
merely an outline of the various sessions, a more detailed content description can be
provided when a confirmed program structure has been agreed upon.