Immunology Basic Courses for College Student

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					Overview

The enrichment course for Immunology will be carried out in 2 parts – Immunology 1
and Immunology 2. Immunology 1 will be further divided into Parts ‘1A’ and ‘1B’.

The content of the first part of the enrichment module for Immunology 1 –
Immunology 1A - should provide a strong theoretical basis for the students to be able
to understand and carry out the activities in the following parts. It covers the basics
of immunology and provides an idea of how immunological studies are being used/
can potentially be used in healthcare today. The focus is enrichment, and therefore
should focus on real-world applications, with theoretical contents being the basis of a
student’s understanding.

As such, Immunology 1A will be divided into 3 sections, which will have a total
duration of 180 minutes (3 hours). The three parts will be:

       Introduction
       Interactive/ problem-based learning
       Assessment/ feedback

Introduction

The first part of Immunology 1A will last 60 minutes. It will be carried out in a
classroom setting (of around 30 students) with one lecturer explaining the theoretical
concepts behind Immunology. The explanation would be made more interesting with
the use of multimedia contents such as videos and animations. With these, students
can picture the relevant concepts more clearly in their minds.

An outline of this section is described in the table below:

No.          Topics                            Content                 Approach        Duration
 1 Introduction to Immunology         Definition of immunology,      Presentation       60 min
       (To introduce terminologies,   antigen, antibody, structure   slides, Flash
       basic understandings,          and function of immune         videos, images
       theories, and concepts in      system, innate and adaptive
       immunology.)                   immunity, cells/ mechanisms
                                      involved in immunity system.
                                                                     Total duration:    60 min
 Interactive/ Problem-based Learning

 The second part of Immunology 1A will last 90 minutes, and should be lighter in
 theoretical content. Content will be focused on:

        case-studies
        relevant recent development in healthcare relating to immunological
         applications
        problems relating to immunology

 These will be used to reinforce theoretical concepts introduced in the previous
 session. Students will be encouraged to think critically on:
     the major safety concerns which surround the use of the immunological
        approach in medical practices
     the huge potential of such immunology which can improve the life of people
        affected by certain diseases

 The session will begin with a brief overview of the real-world applications of
 immunology with focus on healthcare as well as the current scientific research. This
 part will last approximately 15 minutes and will be in a lecture format, with the aid of
 powerpoint slides, charts and other multimedia.

 The next section will be the interactive session whereby three case studies will be
 discussed in detail. The class will be split into groups and students will discuss the
 various case studies and questions prepared, followed by group presentation/debate
 and class discussion. The lecturer will act as a facilitator to guide students in the
 right direction, and most of the ‘work’ and ‘thinking’ will be done by the students. This
 section will be carried out with the aim of encouraging critical thinking and enabling
 students to apply the immunological concepts learnt with real-world applications,
 situations and advancements, as well as to express their opinions with regards to the
 immunological healthcare. This section will last about 60 minutes (20 minutes per
 case study), and can be customised according to the abilities of the students.

 The last section will involve a final summary and conclusion of the previous three
 case studies discussion. This section will last approximately 15 minutes and will be
 in a lecture format, with the aid of powerpoint slides, charts and other multimedia.

 The proposed methods by which this session can be carried out are described in the
 tables below, and classified into three different case studies.

No            Session                                  Content/ Activity                       Duration
 1   Interactive session, to apply   1. ABO group to demonstrate antigen-antibody               90 min
         and enhance learning           interaction and agglutination.
       experience by promoting       2. Rh incompatibility.
           class interaction         3. Some diseases related to immunology disorders e.g.
                                        HIV.
                                                                             Total duration:   90 min
    Assessment/ Feedback

    The third part of Immunology 1A will last around 30 minutes. It will be carried out with
    the aims of:

           assessing the understanding of students towards the essential aspects of
            Immunology
           assessing the effectiveness of content presented/ activities in enabling the
            student to understand Immunology

    This session will be divided into 2 parts. The first will last approximately 25 minutes
    and will include either a written quiz (MCQ) followed by the summing up of topics
    introduced in the course and a Q&A session. The second part that will last
    approximately 5 minutes is a feedback session to gather students’ feedback on the
    enrichment course.

    The different sessions are described in the table below:

No.                     Assessment type                               Activity            Duration
 1               MCQ, Open book , Quiz, Presentation               Access students’        25 min
                                                               understanding and Q&A
2                             Feedback                         Obtain students feedback       5 min
                                                                 regarding the course
                                                                        Total duration:    30 min


    Conclusion

    The sessions are designed to be hands-on, multi-pronged and customisable to cater
    to the different abilities and needs of the students. As the descriptions above are
    merely an outline of the various sessions, a more detailed content description can be
    provided when a confirmed program structure has been agreed upon.

				
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Description: The content of the first part of the enrichment module for Immunology 1 – Immunology 1A - should provide a strong theoretical basis for the students to be able to understand and carry out the activities in the following parts. It covers the basics of immunology and provides an idea of how immunological studies are being used/ can potentially be used in healthcare today.