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					第 1 部分:词汇选项
   下面共有 15 个句子,每个句子中均有 1 个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的 4 个选项中
选择 1 个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。
   1. Many fine cooks insist on ingredients of the highest quality.
        A. demand                B. rely on             C. prepare for       D. create
   2. Since the Great Depression, the United States government has protected farmers from damaging drops in
grain prices.
        A. slight               B. surprising         C. sudden            D. harmful
   3. Cement was seldom used in building during the Middle Ages.
        A. crudely              B. rarely             C. originally        D. symbolically
   4. Nerve signals may travel through nerve or muscle fibers at speeds as high as two hundred miles per hour.
        A. velocities            B. impulses             C. ratios         D. atrocities
   5. The poet William Carlos Williams was a New Jersey physician.
        A. doctor                B. professor           C. physicist        D. resident
   6. Medicine depends on other fields for basic information, particularly some of their specialized branches.
        A. conventionally B. obviously             C. especially        D. inevitably
   7. We shall take the treasure away to a safe place.
        A. clean               B. pretty             C. distant          D. secure
   8. An important part of the national government is the Foreign Service, a branch of the Department of State.
        A. a unity               B. a division         C. an embassy        D. an invasion
 9. The child's abnormal behavior puzzled the doctor.
        A. bad                  B. frightening          C. repeated         D. unusual
 10. There is an abundant supply of cheap labor in this country.
        A. a steady              B. a plentiful         C. an extra          D. a meager
   11. In order to improve our standard of living, we have to accelerate production.
          A. step up              B. decrease           C. stop             D. control
   12. Gas does accumulate in the mines around here.
        A. increase              B. spread              C. collect           D. grow
   13. Our plan is to allocate one member of staff to handle appointments.
        A. assign                B. persuade           C. ask              D. order
   14. Her behavior is extremely childish.
          A. simple              B. immature           C. beautiful        D. foolish
   15. We also want to use the water to irrigate barren desert land.
        A. hairless              B. bare                C. empty            D. bald
第 2 部分:阅读判断
   阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出 7 个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断。
                                                 Engineering Ethics
      Engineering ethics is attracting increasing interest in engineering universities throughout the nation. At Texas
A&M University, evidence of this interest in professional ethics culminated in the creation of a new course in
engineering ethics, as well as a project funded by the National Science Foundation to develop material for
introducing ethical issues into required undergraduate engineering courses. A small group of faculty and
administrators actively supported the growing effort at Texas A&M, yet this group must now expand to meet the
needs of increasing numbers of students wishing to learn more about the value implications of their actions as
professional engineers.
      The increasing concern for the value dimension of engineering is, at 1east in part, a result of the attention that
the media has given to cases such as the Challenger disaster, the Kansas City Hyatt-Regency Hotel walkways
collapse, and the Exxon oil spill. As a response to this concern, a new discipline, engineering ethics, is emerging.
This discipline will doubtless take its place alongside such well-established fields as medical ethics, business
ethics, and legal ethics.
      The problem presented by this development is that most engineering professors are not prepared to introduce
literature in engineering ethics into their classrooms. They are most comfortable with quantitative concepts and
often do not believe they are qualified to lead class discussions on ethics. Many engineering faculty members do
not think that they have the time in an already overcrowded syllabus to introduce discussions on professional
ethics, or the time in their own schedules to prepare the necessary material. Hopefully, the resources presented
herein will be of assistance.
  16. Engineering ethics is a compulsory subject in every institute of science and technology in the United States.
      A. Right                B. Wrong                 C. Not mentioned
17. The number of students wishing to take the course of engineering ethics is declining at Texas A&M
University.
     A. Right                B. Wrong                  C. Not mentioned
18. The National Science Foundation involves itself directly in writing up material about ethical issues.
      A. Right                B. Wrong                 C. Not mentioned
19. It seems that medical ethics and business ethics are more mature than engineering ethics.
     A. Right                B. Wrong                 C. Not mentioned
20. Several engineering professors have quit from teaching to protest against the creation of a new course in
engineering ethics.
     A. Right                B. Wrong                 C. Not mentioned
21. Many engineering professors may not have time to prepare material for class discussion on professional ethics.
     A. Right                B. Wrong                 C. Not mentioned
22. It is likely that following this introductory passage, the author will provide the necessary material related to
the topic of engineering ethics.
     A. Right                B. Wrong                 C. Not mentioned
第 3 部分:概括大意与完成句子
   阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有 2 项测试任务;(1)第 23~26 题要求.从所给的 6 个选项中为第 2~5 段每
段选择 1 个正确的小标题;(2)第 27~30 题要求从所给的 6 个选项中选择 4 个正确选项,分别完成每个句
子。
                                                   Compact Disks
      1 If someone says to you your music CDs don't really hold any music on them, and they only have numbers
recorded on them, you may not believe it. In fact, he is right in that sound is actually recored onto the CDs as
special numbers --a digital code. The code is pressed onto the CD as bumps on a long spiral track almost five
kilometers long. These bumps are an average of 0.5 microns wide.
      2 A small laser beam shines onto the bumps as the CD turns. The light is reflected back to a receiver that
records how the laser light bounces back. This lets the CD player turn the reflected light back into the original
code. This means you can hear the original code as music.
      3 Digital codes are used with many technologies. E-mail needs these kinds of code numbers. Space probes
communicate with their ground station on earth using digital codes. Bar codes are read as digital codes in
computer systems. Digital communications with cell phones need digital codes. Weather radios also tune in to
specific signals using these codes.
      4 There are many types of compact disks. One format is called CD-RWs. They can be' recorded on and
re-recorded on (rewritten on) as you would do with a floppy disk. Another format is the CD-ROM. The
technology for recording on these disks is different from other CDs. These CDs have a dye layer that the CD
writer can darken or leave clear. The clear and dark spots are the digital code. CD-ROM stands for Compact Disc
-- Read Only Memory. This disk is like a "super" floppy disk that can hold lots of information. One CD-ROM can
h01d the same amount of data as 500 floppy disks. Information is permanently recorded onto it. Computer games
and other programs are considered to be CD-ROMs.
     5 CDs were first sold to the public in 1982, These CDs still play. well and sound fine. Current CDs are
expected to last between 70 to 200 years. Of course, you can make sure your CDs last a long time by taking care
of them.
     6 Science keeps on developing. It may not be many more years before a completely new technology is
invented and introduced to the public for music recording. In the meantime, there is no doubt you will continue to
enjoy listening to your favorite music on CDs and playing your favorite computer games on CD-ROMs,
23. Paragraphs 1 & 2 ______
A Digital Code Has Wide Applications
B Floppy Disks Are Outdated
C CDs Are Durable
D CD's Working Principle Is Explained
E CD-RWs Play Better Than CD-ROMs
F CDs Are of Many Formats
24. Paragraph 3 ______
25. Paragraph 4 ______
26. Paragraph 5 ______
27. One advantage of CD-RWs is that they can ______ like floppy disks.
A shine on bumps
B take many mom years
C be the key parts
D restore the original code
E be written on and rewritten on
F keep contact with their ground station efficiently
28. The author predicts it will not ______ before a new technology is invented for music recording.
29. The laser beam-emitting device and the receiver are considered to ______ of a CD player.
30. Space probes could not ______ without using digital codes.
第 4 部分:阅读理解
   下面有 3 篇短文,每篇短文后有 5 道题,每题后面有 4 个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面
的问题,从 4 个选项中选择 1 个最佳答案。
第一篇                          Young Female Chimps Outlearn Their Brothers
     Young female chimps are faster and better learners than young male chimps, suggests a new study, echoing
learning differences seen in human girls and boys
     While young male chimps pass their time playing, young female chimps carefully study their mothers. AS a
result, they learn how to fish for tasty termite snacks over two years before the boys.
     Elizabeth Lonsdorf, now at Lincoln Park Zoo in .Chicago, US, and colleagues at the University of Minnesota,
Saint Paul, spent four years watching how young 'chimpanzees in the Gombe National Park in Tanzania learned
"cultural behavior".
     The sex differences in learning behavior were "consistent and strikingly apparent", says the team. The
researchers point out that similar differences are seen in human children with regard to skills such as writing. "A
sex-based learning differences may therefore date back at least to the last common ancestor of chimpanzees and
humans," they write in the journal Nature.
     Chimps make flexible tools from vegetation and then insert them into termite mounds, extract them and then
munch the termites clinging onto the tool The researchers used video cameras to record this feeding behavior and
found that each chimp mother had her own technique, such as how she used tools of different lengths;
     Analysis of the six infants whose ages were known showed that girl chimps were an average of 31 months
old when they succeeded in fishing out their termites, Where the boy chimps were aged 58 months on average.
Females were also more skillful at getting out more termites with every dip and used techniques similar to their
mothers while males did not.
     Instead of studying their mothers, the boy chimps spent a significantly greater amount of time frolicking
around the termite mound. Behaviors such as playing or swinging might help the male infants later in life when
typically male activities like hunting or fighting for dominance become important, suggest the researchers.
     Lonsdorf adds that there are just two main sources of animal portein for chimps -- the termites or colobus
monkeys. "Mature males often hunt monkeys up trees, but females are almost always either pregnant or burdened
with a clinging infant. This makes hunting difficult," she says. "Adult females spend more time fishing, for
termites than males." So becoming proficient at termite fishing could mean adult females eat better. "They can
watch their offspring at the same time. The young of both sexes seem to pursue activities related to their adult sex
roles at a very young age."
31. Why do young female chimps learn faster than young male chirnps at fishing for termites?
    A. Because young female chimps don't play with their brothers.
    B. Because young female chimps begin to study their mothers earlier.
    C. Because young male chimps never learn to fish for termites.
     D. Because young male chimps are not interested in termites.
32. What are the tools with which chimps fish for termites?
    A. Tree branches.
    B. Vegetation.
    C. Fruits.
    D. Grass.
33. Which of the following is true about chimps fishing for termites according to paragraph 6?
    A. Males often compete with females in fishing for termites.
    B. Males could get out more termites with every dip.
    C. Females could get out more termites with every dip.
    D. Males are good at mastering technique for fishing for termites.
34. How did the researchers explain the fact that boy chimps spent more time on playing?
    A. They like hunting.
    B. They enjoy fighting.
    C. It helps them to stay fit.
    D. It will make them good fighters and hunters in the future.
35. According to the last paragraph, which of the following is NOT true?
    A. Adult chimps hunt monkeys while young chimps fish for termites.
    B. The main source of animal protein for male chimps is colobus monkeys.
    C. The main source of animal protein for female chimps is termites.
    D. Female chimps fish for termites while watching their children.
  第二篇                             The Net Cost of Making a Name for Yourself
     Companies are paying up to $10,000 to register a domain name on the Internet even though there is no
guarantee that they will get the name they want.
     The task of registering domains ending in. com, org, .edu and. net is at present contracted out by the US
government to the Virginia-based company Network Solutions. The contract runs out this year, and the
government wants to bring in a different scheme.
     But last year, an ad hoc committee of the Internet's great and good revealed its own plan. This involved
setting up seven new domains, each indicating the kind of business or organisation using that name. The
committee recruited 88 companies around the world to act as registrars for its firm, . shop, . web, . arts, . rec, . info
and. nom domains. The US government has still to give the system its blessing, and may yet push ahead with its
original scheme. Despite this, the 88 registrars have been taking applications for several months. They are due to
start registering names this month with the Internet Council of Registrars, which grew out of the ad hoc
committee.
      To prevent conflicting names from being registered, the council will take one name from each registrar in
mm before going back for the second name in their queues, and so on. This has led to a flourishing trade, with
companies trying to buy a place near the head of the queue. Global Names of Singapore is charging $10,000 to
make sure a request for a name is the first one it sends off to the central database. Other registrars are charging
nonrefundable deposits for places at the top of the queue. David Maher, chairman of the Policy Oversight
Committee that is helping to set up and oversee the system, says that all registrars are subject to local laws
regarding consumer protection and competition. But he says that the committee "will not act as an enforcement
body in this area."
 36. The domain .name ". edu" is operated by
    A. the US government.
    B. the company Network Solutions.
    C. Internet Council of Registrars.
    D. both A and B.
37. The. firm, . shop, . web, . arts, . rec, . info and. nom domains are NOT nm by
    A. a temporary committee organized by Internet's influential services.
    B. the US government.
      C. 88 registrars.
    D. Internet Council of Registrars.
38. Global Names of Singapore is
    A. a company which applies for a name on the Internet.
    B. a registrar.
    C. a company under the supervision of Policy Oversight Committee.
    D. the central database.
39. How can a company successfully register a name with the Internet?
    A. It must pay up to $10,000 or a nonrefundable deposit.
    B. Its application must be the first one at the top of the registration queue.
    C. It must get approval from the Policy Oversight Committee.
    D. Both A and B.
40. What is the meaning of the phrase "net cost" in the title?
    A. The amount of money covering the basics.
    B. The registration, fee for a domain name on the Internet.
    C. The amount of money for the construction of a network in a company.
    D. The amount of money paid to the Internet service annually.
 第三篇                                      Florida Hit by Cold Air Mass
      In January, 2003, the eastern two-thirds of the United States was at the mercy of a bitterly cold air mass that
has endangered Florida's citrus trees, choked northern harbors with ice and left bewildered residents of North
Carolina's .Outer Banks digging out of up to a foot of snow.
      The ice chill deepened as temperatures fell to the single digits in most of the South, with an unfamiliar dip
below the freezing mark as far south as parts of interior South Florida. Temperatures in Florida plunged, with
West Palm Beach dropping to a record low of 2 degrees.
     "We couldn't believe how cold it was," smd Martin King, who arrived this week in Orlando from England.
"We brought shorts, T-shirt, and I had to go out and buy another coat."
     The temperature plunge posed a threat to Florida's US $9.1 billion-a-year citrus crop, more of which is still
on the trees. Growers were hurrying to harvest as much of the fruit as possible before it was damaged by cold.
     "Time is of the essence in getting fruit to the plant," said Tom Rogers, a citrus grower who. expected to see
damage to oranges and grapefruit at that time.
     In Florida, Governor Jeb Bush signed an emergency order to eliminate the weight limit on trucks so citrus
growers could get as much fruit to market as possible.
     Casey Pace, a spokeswoman for Florida Citrus Mutual, said growers had sprayed trees with sprinklers, which
created a layer of ice and helped maintain a temperature near freezing. Citrus frees are considered in danger of
damage if the temperature drops below minus 2 degrees Celsius for four hours or mote. Snow ranging from a
dusting to up to 30 centimeters blanketed the Carolinas, Tennessee and pans of Virginia.
 41. Which of the following statements is not meant in the first two paragraphs?
    A. The cold air mass was a threat to Florida's citrus crop.
    B. The temperature in the United States except the South dropped below'the freezing mark.
    C. The northern harbors were blocked with ice.
    D. The eastern two thirds of the United States was hit by. cold air mass.
42. According to the second paragraph, in which area(s) did the temperature fall below zero?
      A. Most of the South.
     B. Parts of interior South Florida.
     C. West Palm Beach.
     D. All of the above.
43. King's statement that "We brought shorts, T-shirt, and I had to go out and buy another coat." shows that
     A. he was caught by the sudden cold.
     B. he needed formal clothes.
     C. fashion in Florida is tempting.
     D. Florida is hot compared with England.
44. Governor Jeb issue the emergency order because he
     A. thought speed limit for trucks was unreasonable.
     B. tried to improve the traffic condition of the express ways.
     C. wanted to encourage trucks to transport as much fruit to market as possible,
     D. wanted to stop trucks from carrying too much fruit to market.
45. Which statement is NOT true according to the last paragraph?
     A. Sprinklers were used to protect citrus trees from being damaged.
     B. Citrus trees would be damaged if the temperature drops below minus 2℃ for four hours.
     C. The Carolinas, Tennessee and parts of Virginia were covered with snow.
     D. Florida Citrus Mutual sprayed trees with sprinklers for citrus growers.
第 5 部分:补全短文
   阅读下面的短文,文章中有 5 处空白,文章后面有 6 组文字,请根据文章的内容选择 5 组文字,将其分
别放回文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。
                                     Don't Rely on Plankton to Save the Planet
     Encouraging plankton growth in the ocean has been touted by some as a promising way to remove carbon
dioxide from the atmosphere. (46) .
     Adding iron to patches of ocean can make plankton bloom temporarily. The microscopic organisms suck up
dissolved carbon dioxide from the water, which in turn is replaced by carbon dioxide from the air. (47) .
     Jorge Sarmiento from Princeton and his colleagues developed a complex computer model to analyse how
factors such as ocean chemistry and water circulation would affect the process if 160, 000 square kilometres of
ocean were seeded with iron for a month. (48) .
      In their scenario, which covers an area 10 times as big as the largest experiment of this kind ever proposed,
fertilising the ocean removes 1 million tonnes of carbon from the atmosphere -- just 0.2 per cent of the carbon
dioxide humankind spews out each month.
      Rough estimates in the past have predicted similarly disappointing results. (49) says Sallie Chisholm, an
environmental engineer from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. "But the take-home message is the same.
(50) "
A Its opponents argue, however, that it will stop global warming.
B Its opponents fear that it will damage the marine ecosystem, and now a computer model shows that the trick
would also be remarkably inefficient.
C As plankton die and settle on the ocean floor, their carbon is supposedly locked up in the seabed,
D They found that 100 years later only between 2 and 11 per cent of the extra carbon that was originally taken
up by plankton had actually been removed from the atmosphere.
E "These are newer and better models,"
F Ocean fertilisation is not the answer to global warming.
第 6 部分:完形填空
   阅读下面的短文,文中有 15 处空白,每处空白给出了 4 个选项,请根据短文的内容从 4 个选项中选择 1
个最佳答案。
                                               Animal's "Sixth Sense"
      A tsunami was triggered by an earthquake in the Indian Ocean in December, 2004. It killed tens of thousands
of people in Asia and East Africa. Wild animals, (51) , seem to have escaped that terrible tsunami. This
phenomenon adds weight to notions that they possess a "sixth sense" for (52) , experts said.
      Sri Lankan wildlife officials have said the giant waves that killed over 24,000 people along the Indian Ocean
island's coast clearly (53) wild beasts, with no dead animals found.
      "No elephants are dead, not (54) a dead rabbit. I think animals can (55) disaster. They have a sixth
sense. They know when things are happening," H.D. Ratnayake, deputy director of Sri Lanka's Wildlife
Department, said about one month after the tsunami attack. The (56) washed floodwaters up to 2 miles inland
at Yala National 'Park in the ravaged southeast, Sri Lanka's biggest wildlife (57) and home to hundreds of wild
elephants and several leopards.
      "There has been a lot of (58) evidence about dogs barking or birds migrating before volcanic eruptions or
earthquakes. But it has not been proven," said Matthew van Lierop, an animal behavior (59) at Johannesburg
Zoo.
      "There have been no (60) studies because you can't really test it in a lab or field setting," he told Reuters.
Other authorities concurred with this (61) .
      "Wildlife seem to be able to pick up certain (62) , especially birds... there are many reports of birds
detecting impending disasters," said Clive Walker, who has written several books on African wildlife.
      Animals (63) rely on the known senses such as smell or hearing to avoid danger such as predators.
      The notion of an animal "sixth sense" -- or (64) other mythical 'power -- is an enduring one which the
evidence on Sri Lanka's ravaged coast is likely to add to.
      The Romans saw owls (65) omens of impending disaster and many ancient cultures viewed elephants as
sacred animals endowed with special powers or attributes.
   51. A. therefore               B. however              C. although              D. whatever
   52. A. shelters              B. foods                C. disasters            D. water
53. A. missed                B. protected            C. raised               D. caught
  54. A. such                 B. too                  C. so                    D. even
 55. A. feel                 B. see                  C. hear                 D. sense
 56. A. waves                 B. tides                  C. winds                  D. rivers
 57. A. birthplaces          B. playground      C. reserve               D. storage
 58. A. experimental         B. apparent              C. scientific           D. chemical
 59. A. specialist            B. assistant            C. supporter            D. sponsor
60. A. additional           B. specific            C. especial              D. exceptional
61. A. modification         B. detection             C. assessment            D. value
62. A. route                B. behavior             C. principle              D. phenomenon
63. A. unwillingly          B. occasionally         C. doubtfully          D. certainly
64. A. some                  B. much                  C. many                  D. few
65. A. on                   B. as                   C. for                  D. in
                                                   答案及题解
1.A insist on:坚持。与 demand(要求;强求)意思比较接近。The Labour Party has demanded an explanation
from the government.工党已要求政府作出解释。                    :rely on:依靠。 We have to rely on him for the tickets.我
们不得不靠他搞票。prepare for:为……做准备。I have been, preparing for the final exam.我一直在准备期
末考试。create:产生;创建。His work created enormous interest in England.他的作品在英格兰引起很大关
注。
2.D damaging:有损害的。与 harmful(有害的)意思相近。The rays of the sun, in excess, can be very
harmful.过量的阳光可能会非常有害。slight:少量的、轻微的。He has a slight German accent.他有一点
德国口音。surprising:令人吃惊的。It was surprising that the little girl could answer this question.小女孩能
回答这个问题,令人吃惊。sudden:突然的。There was a sudden drop in the temperature last night.昨夜气温
突然下降。
3.B seldom:很少;不常。与 rarely(难得;不常)意思相近。I rarely get up early on Sundays.星期天我很
少早起。crudely:粗糙地;粗野地。Everyone was dressed in crudely sewn shorts and shirts.人人都穿着缝制
得很粗糙的短裤和衬衫。originally:原来;创造性地。I stayed longer than I had originally planned.我逗留
的时间比原来计划的要长。 symbolically:象征性地。The park was decorated symbolically.公园只是象征
性地装点了一下。
4. speed:
   A                  与
               速度。 velocity(速度;         快速)的意思相近。           Scientists spent years studying the velocity of light. 科
学家们花了许多年研究光速。impulse:冲动。On impulse, I went into the shop and bought this expensive
watch.在一时冲动下,我走进商店,买下了这块昂贵的手表。ratio:比,比率。The ratio of pupils to teachers
is 30 to 1.学生与教师之间的比例是 30 比 1。 atrocity:暴行。They were guilty of the most barbarous and
inhuman atrocities.他们犯有最野蛮、最不人道的暴行。
5.A physician:内科大夫。doctor:大夫。professor:教授。physicist:物理学家。resident:居民。
                                                                    。I
6.C particularly 和 especially 意思近似,表示“特别,尤其” like the country, especially in spring.尤其
是春天,      我特别喜欢农村。           conventionally:  传统地,     常规地。      People in the countryside still wear their hair short
and dress conventionally.乡下人仍然留短发,穿传统的服装。obviously:明显地。inevitably:不可避免地。
7.D safe 和 secure 意思相近:安全的。She believes that her position is quite secure.她相信她的岗位是相
当稳固的。clean:干净的。pretty:漂亮的。distant:远处的。
8.B branch 和 division 意思相近:分支,分支机构。He's in charge of the State Department's African Affairs
Division.他管国务院(美国)非洲事务部。unity:整体,联合。embassy:使馆。invasion:入侵,侵略。
9.D abnormal:不正常的。unusual:不平常的。He is a scholar of unusual ability.他是个有非凡才能的学
者。bad:坏的,不好的。Smoking is certainly bad for your health.抽烟有害你的健康。frightening:惊吓的。
It was a very frightening experience but every one of us was courageous.这是一个令人害怕的经历,不过,我
们每个人都很勇敢。repeated:重复性的。 John apparently did not return the money, despite repeated
reminders.尽管不断给约翰送去催单,显然他还没有还钱。
10. abundant:
     B               大量的,丰富的。plentiful:          丰富的。Fish is plentiful in the lake.      湖中有大量的鱼。steady:
平稳的,持续的。A student doesn't have a steady income.学生没有固定收入。extra:额外的。You'll get extra
pay for extra work.做了额外的工作你会得到额外的报酬。meager:很少的,不足的。Their food supply is
meager.他们食品供应短缺。
11.A accelerate:加快。step up:加快。Security is being stepped up to deal with the increase in violence.为
了对付日益增长的暴力事件,安全工作正在加快进行。decrease:降低。 Population growth is decreasing by
1.4% each year,人口正以每年 1.4%的速度下降。stop:停止。Her heart stopped three times.她的心脏三次
停止跳动。control:控制。The federal government tried to control rising health-care cost.联邦政府试图控制
日益增长的医疗费用。
12.C accumulate:积累,积聚。collect:收集;积聚。Dust collected on the furniture.家具上积了灰尘。
increase: 增加。   Japan's industrial production increased by 20% last year.  去年日本工业生产增长了 20%。                 spread:
展开;蔓延。Fire spread rapidly after a chemical truck exploded.一辆装载化学物品的卡车爆炸后,火势迅
速蔓延。grow:增长;长满。The path grew with weeds.小径长满了野草。
13.A allocate:分配;分派。assign:分配;指派。The company commander assigned me to stand guard.连
长派我去站岗。persuade:劝说。They were eventually persuaded by the police to give themselves up.警察最
终成功地说服了他们去投案自首。                       ask: 请求。 asked her to sing.
                                                  We                     我们请求她唱歌。           order:命令。 police
                                                                                                         The
ordered them to wait right there.警察命令他们就在那儿等着。
     B
14. childish:      幼稚的。       immature:  不成熟的。       She is emotionally immature.   她在情感上尚不成熟。              simple:
简单的。He lives a very simple life for a man who has become incredibly rich.对于一个已经令人难以置信的
富裕的人来说,他的生活是极其简单的。beautiful:美丽的。She is a very beautiful woman.她是一个非常
美丽的女人。foolish:傻的。She is being very foolish about it.在这件事上她很傻。注意该句和下句的区别:
She is very foolish.她很傻。用一般现在时,说明傻是她的特征;用现在进行时;说明她在某个具体事情
上犯傻,傻并非她的本质。
     B
15. barren:      贫瘠的。       bare: 赤裸的,     光秃的。     That probably is the most bare and inhospitable island I've ever
seen.那可能是我见过的最荒凉的、最不宜居住的岛屿了。hairless:没有毛发的。His body is smooth and
hairless. 他的躯体光溜溜的,             并且不长毛。         empty:  空的。 The room is bare and empty.        房间空荡荡的。         bald:
秃的。She is going bald.她日渐秃顶。
16.C 本文没有述及 engineering ethics 是一门必修课,也没有提到美国所有的理工院校都开设了这门学
科。
17.B 第一段最后一句谈到,想修这门学科的学生人数在不断增加,而本题却说在不断减少,所以给出
的信息是错误的。
18.B the National Science Foundation(全美科学基金会)只是为编写有关工程道德问题的教学材料提供经
费,并没有亲自动手编写。因此,本题给出的信息是错误的。
19.A 本题给出的信息是正确的。第二段有一句相关的句子:This discipline will doubtless take its place
alongside such well-established fields as medical ethics, business ethics, and legal ethics.从这个句子可以看到,
medical ethics, business ethics 和 legal ethics 都是 well- established 的,其地位也已确立了。engineering ethics
这门学科的地位也将会确立下来。 mature 这个词是从本句的含义中引申出来的。
20.C 通篇文章都没有提到教授离职的问题。
21. 本题给出的信息是正确的,
     A                                 根据是第三段的句子:              Many engineering faculty members do not think that
they have the time...in their own schedules to prepare the necessary material。
22.A 本题给出的信息是正确的,根据是第三段的最后一句:Hopefully,the resources presented herein will
be of assistance(希望这里提供的资料会有所帮助)。
23.D 第一、二段介绍了 CD 的工作原理。声音以数码的形式刻录到 CD 碟片上。要想听声音,就得用
CD 放音机,CD 机用激光照射 CD,接收器接收和分析从 CD 反射回来的激光波,还原为原来的数码,再
转换为原来的声音。所以,D 是答案。
24.A 第三段第一句"Digital codes are used with many technologies."是主题句。本段其他句子提供例证,即
应用领域。        作者例举了 5 个领域:             电邮、   航天通讯、       条码、    手机和天气预报。            选项 A 的"Digital code has wide
applications"与主题句的意思完全吻合,所以是答案。
25.F 第四段第一句"There are many types of compact disks."是主题句。本段其他句子列举了两种常用的
CD 格式(format),种是 CD-RW,另一种是 CD-ROM。选项 F 的"CDs are of many formats"概括了本段的大
意,是答案。
26.C 第五段说的是 CD 碟片经久耐用,1982 年上市的 CD 碟片至今还能使用,其音质依旧。现在上市
的 CD,更加耐用,如果使用得当,其寿命可达 70~200 年。选项 C 用了 durable 予以概括是很恰当的,所
以,C 是答案。
27.E 第四段中出现 CD-RW 这个词,介绍了 They can be recorded on and re-recorded on (rewritten on)。这
就是选 E 的依据。
28.B 第六段能找到与答案有关的句子,即 It may not be many more years before a completely new
technology is invented and introduced to the public for music recording.
29.C 第二段说到在 CD 机上还原数码时依靠的是激光发射装置和接收器。由此我们可以推论出激光发
射器和接收器是 CD 机的主要部件。所以 C 是答案。
30.F 第三段第三句“Space probes communicate with their ground station on earth using digital codes,           ”是选
F 的依据。
31.B 根据第二段的内容,雄性小猩猩将时间用来玩耍,而雌性小猩猩则研究她们母亲的行为,因此,
她们比雄性小猩猩早两年学会捕食白蚁。A、D 文中没有提到,C 与问题没有关系。
32.B 第五段的第一个句子告诉我们,猩猩用植物作成方便的工具,用来捕食白蚁。A、C 和 D 均是错
误的。
33.C 该段告诉我们,对六只小猩猩的分析表明;雌性小猩猩不但较早学会捕食白蚁,而且能比雄性小
猩猩更为熟练地捕食到更多的白蚁。所以,B 和 D 都不是正确选项。A 项内容文中没有提到。
34.D A、B 和 C 是错误的,因为文中没有提到雄性小猩猩喜欢猎食和打斗,也没有提及玩耍能使他们
更健康。D 是正确答案。第七段最后一句说,他们喜欢玩耍的行为有助于他们长大后的生活,因为,到那
时,他们要猎食和争权夺位。
35.A 根据最后一段的内容,成年雄猩猩主要猎食生活在树上的一种叫做 colobus(疣猴)的猴子,而雌性
猩猩捕食白蚁。所以 A 是正确选项。B、C 和 D 的内容均可在该段中找到。
36.B 从第二段可知,.edu 等四个域名已由美国政府承包给 the company Network Solutions,目前的所有
权或使用权仍在该公司。
37. 从文章第三段中 The US government has still to give the system its blessing...这句话可知,
    B                                                                                               对题中所列
出的七个域名美国政府并不参与其运作。
38.B 通过最后一段第三、四句可得出答案。
39.A 从最后一段可找出答案。Policy Oversight Committee 只不过起构建域名注册系统以及监督的作用,
文中并未提及注册域名需得到他们的同意。
40.B 这里的“net”是一个双关语,它可解释为“净”                                 ,如:net cost(净代价)。同时还有“网”的意思,
如:Internet。从本文判断,后者的意义是主要的。所以选项 B 应是最恰当的。
41.B 第二段中就有冷气团侵袭到 most of the South,所以,B 是不符合原意的。
42.B ...with an unfamiliar dip below the freezing mark as far south as parts of interior South Florida.在南至
南佛罗里达州腹地的一些区域,气温前所未有地降至冰点以下这句话说明 B 是正确选项。在 most of the
South,气温降至 10℃以下,在 West Palm Beach,气温虽然降至历史最低,但有 2℃。
43.A 佛罗里达位于炎热的南方。King 只带了短裤、T 恤。到了佛罗里达,寒潮来了,他只好去买御寒
衣服。
44.C 第六段中"Jeb Bush signed an emergency order to eliminate the weight limit on trucks so citrus growers
could get as much fruit to market as possible.”这个句子提供了答案。
45.D 选项 A、B、C 文章中都提到,而且,A、B、C 的内容都符合原意,唯有 D 不正确,因为,文章
中只是说 Florida Citrus Mutual(佛罗里达柑橘互助协会)通报了柑橘种植人采取的防冻措施,并没有说这个
协会自己采取了防冻措施。
46.B 本文第一句话说的是,一些人竭力劝说促使海洋浮游生物生长是去除大气中二氧化碳的一种有希
望的方法。从“竭力劝说”这个短语中可以推出,不同意这一假设的大有人在。从提供的选项看,只有 A
和 B 有可能,因为 A 和 B 都提到了这一假设的反对者。A 说的是:但是反对这一假设的人争辩说,促使
浮游生物生长会阻止全球变暖。B 说的是:但是反对这一假设的人担心,促使浮游生物生长会破坏海洋生
态系统,并且计算机模型也显示这种办法效果很差。A 实际上是同意一些人所做的假设,所以不对。也就
是说 B 才是正确的选项。
47.C 第二段前两句韵意思是:在海洋的部分水域放入一些铁暂时可以促使浮游生物生长。这些微生物
可以吸收溶解在水中的二氧化碳,而水中被微生物吸收了的二氧化碳又可以从空气中的二氧化碳得到补
充。下面这句话应当是什么呢?C 说的是:随着浮游生物的死亡,落在海底后,它们中的碳被假定锁在了海
床上。可以看出,此句跟上面两句话很连贯。
48.D 第三段的第一句话主要讲 Jorge Sarmiento 和他的同事用一个复杂的计算机模型分析诸如海洋化学
和水流等因素对这种方法的影响。那么接下来的话应当告诉读者他们分析的结果。D 是这么说的:他们发
现,一百年后原先由浮游生物吸收的额外的碳只有 2%至 11%是来自大气的。D 是结果,因此是正确的答
案。
49.E 这个问题的回答很简单,因为空格后面有“says”这个词,它预示着所填入的句子应该是带引号的。
E 是唯一一个带引号的句子。E 的意思是:这些是比较新的也是比较好的模型。
50.F 最后一段讲的是:过去一些粗略的估计预测到的都是相似的令人失望的结果,它们提供的核心信
息是相同的。即,对海洋施肥不是解决全球变暖的办法。可见 F 是正确的。
51.B 第一句说的是海啸造成了巨大的人员伤亡,第二句说的是动物能逃脱海啸的袭击。两句意思相反,
所以要用 however 以承接上文。
52. 上文说的是:
     C            海啸是一种自然灾害,          所以 “sixth sense”范围只能是 disasters,不能是 shelters, foods
或 water。
53.A 本句继续在对比海啸造成的人员伤亡和动物能逃脱海啸这一现象,答案应该是选项 A (missed)。其
他三个选项的词义与上下文都不相配。
54.D 从上下文判断,本句的意思应该是:没有大象死亡,甚至连一只野兔或兔子也没有死亡。                                    “甚至”
的英语是 even。
55.D 全文说的是动物的第六感觉,而 feel(触觉),see,hear 都属于前五个感觉,所以不是正确答案。
56.A 本句说的是海的巨浪将洪水带到离海岸远达 2 英里的地方。正确答案应该是 waves。
57.C 从上下文判断,本句的意思应该是:Yala 国家公园是斯里兰卡野生动物最大的保护区,而
birthplaces(出生地)、playground(操场)和 storage(储存)都与上下文表达的意思接不上,            因此不是答案。     reserve
的意思是“保护区”       ,不是“储备”或“保留”            。因此,选项 C 是答案。
58. 下一句说,
     B          这些迹象(evidence)并没有被证实。        因此,                          而
                                                    这些迹象不可能是 scientific 的。 experimental
和 chemical 的词义与上下文不配合,         因此也不是答案。       只有 apparent(明显的)与上下文的意思相配。         apparent
的迹象还需得到科学的验证。
59.A 在动物园里工作并发表对动物行为的专业性见解的人一定是专家学者(specialist)。其他的三个选项
都不合适。
60.B 本段的第一句是说明为什么 evidence 没有得到科学验证。原因是科学家无法在实验室或野外进行
特定的实验,以验证动物预见灾难的第六感觉。理解了上下文的意思,就知道选 specific 是最合适的。其
他三个选项的词义与上下文不符合,additional,especial 和 exceptional 分别是“额外的”“特别的”和“例      、
外的”的意思。
61.C concurred with(同意)支配的宾语应该是 view,opinion,judgment 这一类词。前面句子说的是某位
科学家指出无法验证动物预见灾难的第六感觉的困难所在,其他专家也同意这一看法,所以选 assessment
是正确的。
62.D 本句说的是动物特别是鸟有捕捉灾难来临前某些征兆的能力。route(路线)、behavior (行为)和
principle(原则)与上述意思相去甚远,只有 phenomenon 是答案。
63.D 根据常识判断,动物是要依赖味觉、听觉等逃避食肉动物的攻击。unwillingly(不情愿地)、
occasionally(偶尔)和 doubtfully(怀疑地)与上述意思有悖,只有 certainly 是合适的选项。
64.A 从本句的意思判断,应该是“某种神奇的能力”              ,所以要选 some。
65.B 本句的意思是“将……看成”              ,而英语的用词是 see...as,所以要选 as。

				
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