Sequence of Owners from Colonial
Dames 1916 Report
Samuel Curtiss- homelot #42 sold 1718
Samuel Brown sold 1720
Col. John Peters
Samuel A. Peters
John S. Welles
Sequence of owners from 2006 Hurd
Town of Hebron acquired 2004
M and M Poultry acquired 2002
Hidden Acres Farm acquired 1987
Green Acres Farm acquired 1967
M. Strickland & R Emmanuelson 1967
Monica Post acquired 1967
Elton Post acquired 1934
Frank R. Post acquired 1882 from the
estate of George Peters.
Embedded in the upper wall of the center chimney
stack of 150 East Street is a reused timber.
It bears a nice chamfer and “lambs tongue”
termination typical of 17th and very early 18th
Mortises on the timber indicate it was used as a
It is very probable this timber belonged to the first
house on the property, perhaps built by Samuel
Curtiss, one of Hebron’s first settlers.
Details of Ballroom (one of only
three in Hebron)
Although both sequences clearly trace the
property to George Peters, the sequence may
represent two different houses.
More conclusive research needs to be done.
Research unquestionably links the house with the
Many sources link the house to Samuel A. Peters.
However, there may have been more than one
Samuel A. Peters living in Hebron.
Rare Built in Chest (One of four in
Is the House worth Preserving?
Yes, even without firm documentation
– The house is an EXTRAORDINARY example of late
Georgian (Neo Palladian) Architecture indicating the
hand of a skilled architect / builder
– Whether owned by the Rev. Samuel Peters or not, the
Peters clan is inseparably linked with the history of
Hebron, the state of Connecticut, and with their loyalist
connections to the history of the United States and
– This house is one of two buildings in town that can be
firmly linked to the Peters family and the only one in
The Peters House is Architecturally
William L. Warren in Isaac Fitch of Lebanon,
Connecticut Master Joiner 1734-1791 states (pg
33) “There is really no reason for believing that
this classical or Georgian woodwork was not used
before the American Revolution. The theories
made by our few early architectural historians
were not always correct” suggesting that the
traditional date of 1780 might be applied to a
house built in the 1770’s
This is the only house in Hebron with a brown
stone foundation, built in furniture, and a fully
articulated central pavilion with Palladian window.
What is the significance of the
Peters family in Hebron History?
Connecticut hill towns went through several stages
of development in the 18th century.
Private ownership (town proprietors)
First Settlement (families and town government)
Influence of French wars and gentrification
Revolutionary War period
Readjustment of the status quo after the war
The Peters family arrived after the
town’s first establishment
They purchased an established farm one of the proprietor
Although the farming operation had already existed for
about a quarter of a century, the location on the western
slope of Burnt Hill meant contact with Native Americans
still using Burnt Hill for seasonal agriculture.
The property at 150 East Street is located on land that has
been used by Native Americans for almost 7 millennia.
It is one of the few large tracts of land which still retains
boundaries of private property established before the town
The Peters Connection
New Comers in a New Town
John Peters from Andover, Massachusetts
married Mary Marks of North Brookfield,
Massachusetts in April of 1717.
They had 10 children.
Rather than establish themselves in a frontier
settlement susceptible to Native American attack
such as during King Phillip’s War in 1675, they
chose land in an already established community.
This led to inevitable friction
Hebron in the 1730’s
Hebron was on its second stage of settlement in the 1730’s about 25
years after first settlement.
Town services including roads, maintenance of the meetinghouse,
taxes, town office, and obligations like serving in the militia were made
increasing difficult by the large size of the town.
Geographic discontent started to be heard in this decade of the town’s
history as outlying residents felt the town did not equally apportion town
benefits, particularly improved road to get goods to market.
By 1747 the town would split into 5 parishes
– The Green or 1st Congregational Society
– Gilead Congregational Society
– Andover Congregational Society
– Marlborough Congregational Society
– St. Peters Anglican (Episcopal) Church
The Peters Side with the Church of
Acrimonious fighting characterized the period from 1730-
John Bliss who lived north of the town center was the
established Congregational minister before the issue of
Vilified by his former parishioners, he and a number of
families north of the Green declared themselves in 1735 as
members of the Church of England and established the
forerunner of St. Peter’s Church on Godfrey Hill (Route
Hebron’s Anglican community is one of the earliest in
Connecticut and predates the establishment of other
Anglican churches founded during the Great Awakening in
The Peters family was one of the founding families of the
fledgling Anglican Society
Benefits of Anglican Membership
Membership in the newly formed Church of
England congregation provided the Peters
clan with a chance to assume a leadership
role previously closed to them.
It provided contact with other families to
solidify business and marriage
John Peters’ sixth son, Samuel would
benefit from these advantages.
Early years of the Rev. Samuel
Hebron history and the Peters clan are
inseparable in large measure due to the
career of the Rev. Samuel Peters.
Born in the same year (1735) St.Peters was
founded. He was John and Mary Peters’
At age 19, he inherited 1000 pounds from
his father’s estate– a huge sum of money.
Rather than invest in farmland, Samuel Peters used the
money to pursue a minister’s career
Yale College – one of Hebron’s first graduates
King’s College (now Columbia University) in New
York City, already one of the colonies leading
In 1758, the same year Hebron fired off the “pump”
to celebrate victory over the French, Samuel
Peters left for England.
Here he was ordained as an Anglican minister.
He returned at age 25 in 1760 to become rector of the
Anglican communities in Hebron and Hartford (Christ
With his travels, the Rev. Samuel Peters had contact
with the changing styles of fashion and architecture
current not only in New York City, but in London, the
capital of the British Empire.
This may explain the elaborate detail of 150 East Street.
The three Wives of Samuel Peters
Rev. Peters married on three separate occasions.
Each time to women from prosperous backgrounds
– Hannah Owen in 1760. A daughter Hannah was born in 1762. Her mother died in
– Abigail Gilbert in 1769. She died 12 days later at age 18.
– Mary Birdseye of Stratford who gave birth to a son William Birdseye and died at age
24 in 1774.
A wedding was a logical time to build a new
house. It is known that Samuel Peters built a
new house in 1774 valued 700 pounds-- a very
large sum which may represent the work of an
urban architect or design from New York or
even London and be the Peters house at 150
Events of 1774 in New England
The Sons of Liberty had taken over the government of
Connecticut as early as 1765 with the Stamp Act.
The Boston Tea Party resulted from Parliament giving the
East India Company a monopoly on tea enabling them to
undersell Boston merchants like John Hancock.
The Boston Tea Party destroyed the private property of the
East India Company and eliminated the competition for
Parliament closed Boston with the Intolerable Acts until the
tea was paid for.
Connecticut Governor Jonathan Trumbull urged
Connecticut citizens to show their support for Boston by
sending food supplies.
1774 in Hebron
Hebron had the first Hartford held the next
town meeting. meeting.
Samuel Peters spoke Again the Rev. Samuel
so eloquently about Peters convinced
the need to respect citizens no supplies
private property that no should be sent to
aid was sent. Boston
Gov. Trumbull’s Reaction
Gov. Trumbull sent his son David on two
occasions to “visit” Rev. Peters.
A wide range of reports exist of what
happened from a friendly meeting to a
terrorist action that nearly destroyed Rev.
Peters’ household furnishing, large library,
house and nearly ended with tarring and
Rev. Samuel Peters Flees for his Life
At age 39, Samuel Peters abandoned Hebron recording in March 7, 1775 the
“Account of property in Hebron
600 acres improved land
5 dwelling houses, one cost 700 pounds, 4 not so valuable
7 barns, 2 cow houses
Nigh 100 head – horned cattle
80-100 sheep, 10 horses
Nigh 70 swine
1 double chaise, 1 sing chaise
Many farming utensils, house furniture
Nigh 4000 fruit trees, apple, pear, etc
On said land is annually produced nigh 2000 bushels of grain
Wheat, rye, barley, oats, Indian corn, etc
Nigh 120 tons of hay, and grazing for above stock
I add one daughter eleven years old (HannaH)
One son about 2 months old (William Birdseye)”
His wife Hannah had died just weeks before.
Recent work by Central Connecticut University’s
Archaeology Department has disclosed the fact that before
the Revolutionary War much of Eastern Connecticut was
divided up into northern plantations producing goods for
the West Indian trade.
The town of Salem, Connecticut was one such plantation
with over 100 slaves.
Samuel Peters account would indicate he, too, was running
Plantation buildings surviving from this time are
Life in England
Rev. Peters spent the balance of the
Revolutionary War in England.
In correspondence he refers several times
to the property he left behind including his
library, farms, and slaves.
With the confiscation of Tory property by the
newly founded State of Connecticut, events
in Hebron took on heroic proportions.
Feb. 14, 1785
“It seems to me, that he (his slave Pomp
Mendo) and Cesar might be better tenants
than Mr. Brown who used my house and
land not as my tenant but as Tenant of the
State of Connecticut who had seized it out
of my hands and then demanded 30 pounds
of me because the taxes were more than he
October 28, 1786 Nathaniel Mann to
“The houses, fences, gardens, orchards, timber,
and Buildings are all horribly destroyed and out of
order, so that you have not a house that is fit to
The house next to the church has been burnt and
the Church was threatened to be burnt, your new
house has been broke to pieces and filled with the
worst of people and is not so clean and neat or in
so good order as you kept your pig houses.
State of Connecticut vs. Sam’l
With his property seized by the State of
Connecticut, Peters was asked to pay back
Unfortunately, with no fluid assets, Samuel
Peters was in a bind and could not pay his
Aug 13, 1787 Sam’l Peters to
“Cesar you say cannot support himself and
family – and My Estates are not worth much
at present – cannot you and your family put
things in order and make them all usefull–
how do you all live?”
By law a slaves owner was responsible for
the welfare of his slaves. Peters was in a
real bind. He could not support himself or
The only Solution to Supporting
Letter from Jedidiah P. Buckingham a student
studying law with Sylvester Gilbert of Hebron –
October 15, 1787
“a singular circumstance happened last week.
Morris, John, and Nathaniel Mann sold ten
negroes, said to be the property of the Rev. Doct.
Peters, to a man who belonged to Carolina, who
carried them as far as Norwich. They were
stopped by a company of people belonging to
Hebron and they brought all the negroes back…
I am told 200 pounds was the price. Small indeed!
In Carolina they are worth 1000 pounds. The
people universally believe you (Samuel Peters)
never would be the author of so much distress.
Both Caesar and wife have cried for joy ever since
to know they are released from slavery, nay
snatched from the jaws of death…The negro trade
is a miserable profession in this country.’’
Unfortunately Connecticut did not abolish slavery
until 12 years before the Civil War!
Rescue of Caesar Peters
The rescue of Caesar Peters and his family
is as important a story as that as the
Amistad, and Prudance Crandall.
It is relevant to the Town of Hebron, the
State of Connecticut, and United States
It is also a story that may be intricately
connected with the property at 150 East
January 5, 1789 Court Testimony of
David Sutton concerning Caesar
“after S. Peters left hebron which was Sept.
1774, sd Cesar Lived in his House …untill
sd. Peters Lands were taken & leased out
by the State of Connecticut: at which time
sd. Cesar and his family were turned
off…After the National Peace sd. Cesar
returned to one of his Masters Houses &
and cultivated the Farm which was much
damaged by Tenants.”
Cesar and 150 East Street
The Colonial Dames title The WPA documentation
search and WPA suggest the ell and main
documentation suggest house date from two
that the house at 150 East different times.
Street was owned by Rev. The ell could have been
Samuel Peters. If so, one of Peters 4 other
Caesar lived for part of his houses relocated later as a
life here. kitchen addition. Caesar
did live at various Peters
farms. This could have
The ell-- possible farm where
Interior Detail in the Ell
The Garret used in the 18th century
as slave quarters
What should be done about 150
This is one of Hebron most outstanding historical and
architecturally significant properties.
It is in the custody of public ownership through the Town
IT MUST BE PRESERVED
What can you do to help
Contact the Town Manager, Jared Clark
Contact the Chairperson of the Board of
Selectmen, Karen Strid <email@example.com
Voice your opinion that this important
property not be sold off like Caesar
Peters. Help Preserve Hebron History
for the future.