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					    Sequence of Owners from Colonial
          Dames 1916 Report
   Samuel Curtiss- homelot #42 sold 1718
   Samuel Brown sold 1720
   John Peters
   Col. John Peters
   Samuel A. Peters
   George Peters
   Francis West
   John S. Welles
   Edmund Sanford
Sequence of owners from 2006 Hurd
             Report
   Town of Hebron      acquired 2004
   M and M Poultry     acquired 2002
   Hidden Acres Farm acquired 1987
   Green Acres Farm acquired 1967
   M. Strickland & R Emmanuelson 1967
   Monica Post         acquired 1967
   Elton Post          acquired 1934
   Frank R. Post       acquired 1882 from the
    estate of George Peters.
     Architectural Collaboration
 Embedded in the upper wall of the center chimney
  stack of 150 East Street is a reused timber.
 It bears a nice chamfer and “lambs tongue”
  termination typical of 17th and very early 18th
  century construction.
 Mortises on the timber indicate it was used as a
  girt.
 It is very probable this timber belonged to the first
  house on the property, perhaps built by Samuel
  Curtiss, one of Hebron’s first settlers.
Details of Ballroom (one of only
        three in Hebron)
Ballroom detail
                Conclusion
 Although both sequences clearly trace the
  property to George Peters, the sequence may
  represent two different houses.
 More conclusive research needs to be done.
 Research unquestionably links the house with the
  Peters family.
 Many sources link the house to Samuel A. Peters.
 However, there may have been more than one
  Samuel A. Peters living in Hebron.
Rare Built in Chest (One of four in
           Connecticut)
 Is the House worth Preserving?
 Yes, even without firm documentation
  – The house is an EXTRAORDINARY example of late
    Georgian (Neo Palladian) Architecture indicating the
    hand of a skilled architect / builder
  – Whether owned by the Rev. Samuel Peters or not, the
    Peters clan is inseparably linked with the history of
    Hebron, the state of Connecticut, and with their loyalist
    connections to the history of the United States and
    Canada.
  – This house is one of two buildings in town that can be
    firmly linked to the Peters family and the only one in
    public ownership.
 The Peters House is Architecturally
              Unique
 William L. Warren in Isaac Fitch of Lebanon,
  Connecticut Master Joiner 1734-1791 states (pg
  33) “There is really no reason for believing that
  this classical or Georgian woodwork was not used
  before the American Revolution. The theories
  made by our few early architectural historians
  were not always correct” suggesting that the
  traditional date of 1780 might be applied to a
  house built in the 1770’s
 This is the only house in Hebron with a brown
  stone foundation, built in furniture, and a fully
  articulated central pavilion with Palladian window.
    What is the significance of the
   Peters family in Hebron History?
 Connecticut hill towns went through several stages
  of development in the 18th century.
 Private ownership (town proprietors)
 First Settlement (families and town government)
 Established settlement
 Influence of French wars and gentrification
 Revolutionary War period
 Readjustment of the status quo after the war
  The Peters family arrived after the
      town’s first establishment
 They purchased an established farm one of the proprietor
  lots.
 Although the farming operation had already existed for
  about a quarter of a century, the location on the western
  slope of Burnt Hill meant contact with Native Americans
  still using Burnt Hill for seasonal agriculture.
 The property at 150 East Street is located on land that has
  been used by Native Americans for almost 7 millennia.
 It is one of the few large tracts of land which still retains
  boundaries of private property established before the town
  was incorporated.
The Peters Connection
   New Comers in a New Town
 John Peters from Andover, Massachusetts
  married Mary Marks of North Brookfield,
  Massachusetts in April of 1717.
 They had 10 children.
 Rather than establish themselves in a frontier
  settlement susceptible to Native American attack
  such as during King Phillip’s War in 1675, they
  chose land in an already established community.
 This led to inevitable friction
                  Hebron in the 1730’s

 Hebron was on its second stage of settlement in the 1730’s about 25
  years after first settlement.
 Town services including roads, maintenance of the meetinghouse,
  taxes, town office, and obligations like serving in the militia were made
  increasing difficult by the large size of the town.
 Geographic discontent started to be heard in this decade of the town’s
  history as outlying residents felt the town did not equally apportion town
  benefits, particularly improved road to get goods to market.
 By 1747 the town would split into 5 parishes
    –   The Green or 1st Congregational Society
    –   Gilead Congregational Society
    –   Andover Congregational Society
    –   Marlborough Congregational Society
    –   St. Peters Anglican (Episcopal) Church
 The Peters Side with the Church of
             England
 Acrimonious fighting characterized the period from 1730-
  1747.
 John Bliss who lived north of the town center was the
  established Congregational minister before the issue of
  parishes arose.
 Vilified by his former parishioners, he and a number of
  families north of the Green declared themselves in 1735 as
  members of the Church of England and established the
  forerunner of St. Peter’s Church on Godfrey Hill (Route
  85).
 Hebron’s Anglican community is one of the earliest in
  Connecticut and predates the establishment of other
  Anglican churches founded during the Great Awakening in
  the 1740’s.
 The Peters family was one of the founding families of the
  fledgling Anglican Society
  Benefits of Anglican Membership
 Membership in the newly formed Church of
  England congregation provided the Peters
  clan with a chance to assume a leadership
  role previously closed to them.
 It provided contact with other families to
  solidify business and marriage
  arrangements.
 John Peters’ sixth son, Samuel would
  benefit from these advantages.
   Early years of the Rev. Samuel
               Peters
 Hebron history and the Peters clan are
  inseparable in large measure due to the
  career of the Rev. Samuel Peters.
 Born in the same year (1735) St.Peters was
  founded. He was John and Mary Peters’
  sixth son
 At age 19, he inherited 1000 pounds from
  his father’s estate– a huge sum of money.
 Rather than invest in farmland, Samuel Peters used the
  money to pursue a minister’s career
       Yale College – one of Hebron’s first graduates
       King’s College (now Columbia University) in New
         York City, already one of the colonies leading
         cities.
       In 1758, the same year Hebron fired off the “pump”
         to celebrate victory over the French, Samuel
         Peters left for England.
 Here he was ordained as an Anglican minister.
 He returned at age 25 in 1760 to become rector of the
  Anglican communities in Hebron and Hartford (Christ
  Church)
 With his travels, the Rev. Samuel Peters had contact
  with the changing styles of fashion and architecture
  current not only in New York City, but in London, the
  capital of the British Empire.
 This may explain the elaborate detail of 150 East Street.
  The three Wives of Samuel Peters
 Rev. Peters married on three separate occasions.
 Each time to women from prosperous backgrounds
   – Hannah Owen in 1760. A daughter Hannah was born in 1762. Her mother died in
     1765.
   – Abigail Gilbert in 1769. She died 12 days later at age 18.
   – Mary Birdseye of Stratford who gave birth to a son William Birdseye and died at age
     24 in 1774.

      A wedding was a logical time to build a new
      house. It is known that Samuel Peters built a
      new house in 1774 valued 700 pounds-- a very
      large sum which may represent the work of an
      urban architect or design from New York or
      even London and be the Peters house at 150
      East Street!
 Events of 1774 in New England
 The Sons of Liberty had taken over the government of
  Connecticut as early as 1765 with the Stamp Act.
 The Boston Tea Party resulted from Parliament giving the
  East India Company a monopoly on tea enabling them to
  undersell Boston merchants like John Hancock.
 The Boston Tea Party destroyed the private property of the
  East India Company and eliminated the competition for
  Boston merchants.
 Parliament closed Boston with the Intolerable Acts until the
  tea was paid for.
 Connecticut Governor Jonathan Trumbull urged
  Connecticut citizens to show their support for Boston by
  sending food supplies.
             1774 in Hebron
 Hebron had the first      Hartford held the next
  town meeting.              meeting.
 Samuel Peters spoke       Again the Rev. Samuel
  so eloquently about        Peters convinced
  the need to respect        citizens no supplies
  private property that no   should be sent to
  aid was sent.              Boston
     Gov. Trumbull’s Reaction
 Gov. Trumbull sent his son David on two
  occasions to “visit” Rev. Peters.
 A wide range of reports exist of what
  happened from a friendly meeting to a
  terrorist action that nearly destroyed Rev.
  Peters’ household furnishing, large library,
  house and nearly ended with tarring and
  feathering.
        Rev. Samuel Peters Flees for his Life
   At age 39, Samuel Peters abandoned Hebron recording in March 7, 1775 the
    following:
   “Account of property in Hebron
   600 acres improved land
   Sufficiency woodland
   5 dwelling houses, one cost 700 pounds, 4 not so valuable
   7 barns, 2 cow houses
   Nigh 100 head – horned cattle
   80-100 sheep, 10 horses
   Nigh 70 swine
   1 double chaise, 1 sing chaise
   Many farming utensils, house furniture
   6 negroes
   Nigh 4000 fruit trees, apple, pear, etc
   On said land is annually produced nigh 2000 bushels of grain
   Wheat, rye, barley, oats, Indian corn, etc
   Nigh 120 tons of hay, and grazing for above stock
   I add one daughter eleven years old (HannaH)
   One son about 2 months old (William Birdseye)”
   His wife Hannah had died just weeks before.
              Peters Plantation
 Recent work by Central Connecticut University’s
  Archaeology Department has disclosed the fact that before
  the Revolutionary War much of Eastern Connecticut was
  divided up into northern plantations producing goods for
  the West Indian trade.
 The town of Salem, Connecticut was one such plantation
  with over 100 slaves.
 Samuel Peters account would indicate he, too, was running
  a plantation.
 Plantation buildings surviving from this time are
 EXTREMELY RARE.
             Life in England
 Rev. Peters spent the balance of the
  Revolutionary War in England.
 In correspondence he refers several times
  to the property he left behind including his
  library, farms, and slaves.
 With the confiscation of Tory property by the
  newly founded State of Connecticut, events
  in Hebron took on heroic proportions.
             Feb. 14, 1785

 “It seems to me, that he (his slave Pomp
  Mendo) and Cesar might be better tenants
  than Mr. Brown who used my house and
  land not as my tenant but as Tenant of the
  State of Connecticut who had seized it out
  of my hands and then demanded 30 pounds
  of me because the taxes were more than he
  expected”
October 28, 1786 Nathaniel Mann to
              Peters
 “The houses, fences, gardens, orchards, timber,
  and Buildings are all horribly destroyed and out of
  order, so that you have not a house that is fit to
  live in…
 The house next to the church has been burnt and
  the Church was threatened to be burnt, your new
  house has been broke to pieces and filled with the
  worst of people and is not so clean and neat or in
  so good order as you kept your pig houses.
    State of Connecticut vs. Sam’l
               Peters
 With his property seized by the State of
  Connecticut, Peters was asked to pay back
  taxes.
 Unfortunately, with no fluid assets, Samuel
  Peters was in a bind and could not pay his
  bills.
    Aug 13, 1787 Sam’l Peters to
          Nathaniel Mann
 “Cesar you say cannot support himself and
  family – and My Estates are not worth much
  at present – cannot you and your family put
  things in order and make them all usefull–
  how do you all live?”
 By law a slaves owner was responsible for
  the welfare of his slaves. Peters was in a
  real bind. He could not support himself or
  his slaves.
   The only Solution to Supporting
           Caesar Peters
 Letter from Jedidiah P. Buckingham a student
  studying law with Sylvester Gilbert of Hebron –
  October 15, 1787
 “a singular circumstance happened last week.
  Morris, John, and Nathaniel Mann sold ten
  negroes, said to be the property of the Rev. Doct.
  Peters, to a man who belonged to Carolina, who
  carried them as far as Norwich. They were
  stopped by a company of people belonging to
  Hebron and they brought all the negroes back…
            Buckingham letter
 I am told 200 pounds was the price. Small indeed!
  In Carolina they are worth 1000 pounds. The
  people universally believe you (Samuel Peters)
  never would be the author of so much distress.
  Both Caesar and wife have cried for joy ever since
  to know they are released from slavery, nay
  snatched from the jaws of death…The negro trade
  is a miserable profession in this country.’’
 Unfortunately Connecticut did not abolish slavery
  until 12 years before the Civil War!
     Rescue of Caesar Peters
 The rescue of Caesar Peters and his family
  is as important a story as that as the
  Amistad, and Prudance Crandall.
 It is relevant to the Town of Hebron, the
  State of Connecticut, and United States
  History.
 It is also a story that may be intricately
  connected with the property at 150 East
  Street.
January 5, 1789 Court Testimony of
 David Sutton concerning Caesar
              Peters
 “after S. Peters left hebron which was Sept.
  1774, sd Cesar Lived in his House …untill
  sd. Peters Lands were taken & leased out
  by the State of Connecticut: at which time
  sd. Cesar and his family were turned
  off…After the National Peace sd. Cesar
  returned to one of his Masters Houses &
  and cultivated the Farm which was much
  damaged by Tenants.”
      Cesar and 150 East Street
 The Colonial Dames title        The WPA documentation
  search and WPA                   suggest the ell and main
  documentation suggest            house date from two
  that the house at 150 East       different times.
  Street was owned by Rev.        The ell could have been
  Samuel Peters. If so,            one of Peters 4 other
  Caesar lived for part of his     houses relocated later as a
  life here.                       kitchen addition. Caesar
                                   did live at various Peters
                                   farms. This could have
                                   been one.
The ell-- possible farm where
         Caesar Lived
Interior Detail in the Ell
The Garret used in the 18th century
        as slave quarters
    What should be done about 150
             East Street




 This is one of Hebron most outstanding historical and
  architecturally significant properties.
 It is in the custody of public ownership through the Town
  of Hebron.
 IT MUST BE PRESERVED
      What can you do to help
 Contact the Town Manager, Jared Clark
 <townmanager@hebronct.com>
 Contact the Chairperson of the Board of
  Selectmen, Karen Strid <bos@hebronct.com
 Voice your opinion that this important
  property not be sold off like Caesar
  Peters. Help Preserve Hebron History
  for the future.

				
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