Mussolini and Fascism

					      LEFT vs. RIGHT
Stalin             Mussolini
(COMMUNISM)         (FASCISM)

     Richard Oberdorfer
   Modern European History
IDEOLOGICAL OPPOSITES...
   Class vs. Nation [LEFT vs. RIGHT]
   The Kedward Circle


       Communism                        Fascism
                    ... BUT THEY DO
                    SIMILAR THINGS!
Benito Mussolini =
   A Pre-World War Socialist?



                                           http://www.cosmosite.net/876-birthmussolini.htm




                                                                                             http://encina.cnice.mecd.es/~sfuent1/mitos3.html
 http://www.comandosupremo.com/Mussolini.html
The New Look




                                               Il Duce
http://www.comandosupremo.com/Mussolini.html
RIGHT-WING = MUSSOLINI
   Machiavellian Takeover =       FASCISM
   Realities = Oppression, 1-Party rule,
    “regulated capitalism” (CORPORATE STATE)
   IMAGE by Propaganda = Il Duce
    Nationalistic (Roman) images, emotional
    rhetoric, music, military organization,
    Social Darwinism
Characteristics of Fascism
   Ultra-Nationalism/SOCIAL DARWINISTIC
    RACIALISM: “We will salute the flag in the
    Roman fashion.”

   “The Leader is always right.”
   The “War” mentality: Promoting Security:
       Protection of TRADITIONAL VALUES: God, Mother,
        Country
       Protection from “enemies”: Communists, big business,
        somebody vague “out there”
The MARCH ON ROME (1922)


http://www.cosmosite.net/876-
birthmussolini.htm
                            http://www.holycross.edu/departments/history/tmcbride/ItalianHist.htm




Pomp and Image
   National Pride returns
   Parades
   Military terminology: Struggle, sacrifice,
    etc., etc. – but not necessarily real
    aggression (yet)
   FOLLOW THE LEADER
      Lotsa Looks



                                                                                                                                                http://www.historyguide.org/images/mussolini.jpg
             http://biografieonline.it/img/bio/Benito_Mussolini.jpg        http://www.elsdatabank.com/clipart/history/mussolini.jpg




                                                                                                                                                          http://web.library.emory.edu/subjects/hum
http://dlibrary.acu.edu.au/research/theology/ejournal/aejt_3/i        http://superspike.scep.nl/verzet/images/illu/Italie_vlag_fasces_324.jpg             anities/history/Fascism/Musso1.jpg
mages/mussolini.jpg
Using the ARTS to support the state



   The Fascist Anthem


           http://david.national-anthems.net/it-gio.htm




                                                          http://www.mussolini.net/
The Roman Connection




  http://www.dean.usma.edu/english/images/Mussolini'sHouse.jpg
“Believe, Obey, Fight”
                                                                       Vigorous
                                                                       leadership
                                                                      http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/history/hunt/classes/1c/Fascism.htm




 Protection                                                                                                   FASCISTI
 OF FAMILY VALUES                                                                                          http://www.harunyahya.com/fascism3.php



http://it-jabba-
stuweb.coloradocollege.edu/~s_lanoha/it309/GliIgnoranti.eventistori
ci.htm
                                                                                      Indoctrination
Program?

   National self-sufficiency: roads,
    agriculture
   Military build-up
   A, -uh, “controlled” economy
   One-party rule (obviously): Castor Oil
The “Good Dictator”?
Arturo Toscanini
 Who is he?
 Why didn’t he like
MUSSOLINI?


                   http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/hr/thumb/f/ff/Arturo_Toscanini.JPG/180px-Arturo_Toscanini.JPG
LEFT-WING = JOSEPH STALIN
   Machiavellian Takeover
   Realities = Ideology, Five-Year Plans,
    Kulaks, Purges
   IMAGE by Propaganda =
    Nationalistic arts: Films (Eisenstein),
    Music (Shostakovich),
    Books and Posters (SOCIALIST REALISM)

				
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