VIEWS: 6 PAGES: 14 POSTED ON: 4/2/2012
IMMIGRATION POLICY A Brief Overview THE NEW COLOSSUS – EMMA LAZARUS Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame, With conquering limbs astride from land to land; Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand A mighty woman with a torch, whose flame Is the imprisoned lightning, and her name Mother of Exiles. From her beacon-hand Glows world-wide welcome; her mild eyes command The air-bridged harbor that twin cities frame. "Keep, ancient lands, your storied pomp!" cries she With silent lips. "Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, The wretched refuse of your teeming shore. Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me, I lift my lamp beside the golden door!" A NATION OF IMMIGRANTS Total Year Born in the U.S. Born in Europe Born in Asia Born in Africa Population 1850 23,191,876 20,947,274 2,031,867 1,135 551 1880 50,155,783 43,475,492 5,751,823 107,630 2,204 1900 75,994,575 65,583,225 8,881,548 120,248 2,538 1920 105,710,620 91,659,045 11,916,048 237,950 16,126 1990 248,709,873 225,695,826 4,350,403 4,979,037 363,819 BECOMING A CITIZEN Natural Born Citizens 14th Amendment Naturalization BRIEF HISTORY OF IMMIGRATION LAWS Naturalization Act of 1790 Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 Immigration Restriction Act of 1921 Immigration Act of 1924 Natural Origins Act of 1924 Immigration & Nationality Act Amendments of 1965 Immigration Act of 1990 ELLIS ISLAND REASONS FOR IMMIGRATION Economic Opportunities Political Freedom Other Push & Pull Factors ELIAN GONZALEZ In 2000 Elian’s mom attempted to get her son to America against the father’s wishes. They chose to travel from Cuba to Florida on a raft. Upon arrival, Elian’s mother had died, but Elian was still alive. The US Government had to decide what to do with five year old Elian. ELIAN GONZALEZ Elian wanted to stay in America. (Why?) His father demanded the boy’s return to Cuba. American officials eventually had to capture the boy and return him to Cuba. ELIAN GONZALEZ Elian now lives in Cuba with his father. He attends a military school and is a member of the nation’s Communist Party. IMMIGRATION TODAY The majority of Immigrants today come from Latin America and East Asia. Much attention is given to Mexico over concern for illegal immigration & national security. Some states believe the Federal Government is not acting on immigration, and thus the states are picking up the slack. ARIZONA SB 1070 (April 2010) Required all individuals to carry immigration papers Required police to detain suspected illegal immigrants. THE ECONOMIC CONNECTION PROBLEMS & SOLUTIONS What are some of the problems related to immigration, whether legal or illegal? How could these problems be solved?