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					   Visita Grupo VITRO
Lunes 14 de Abril de 2008
ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONAL PROGRAM
     OF NANOTECHNOLOGY

               ****
         PRINATEC
            Coordinator:


    Dr. Daniel Glossman-Mitnik
Main research centers in México with activities in Nanoscience
                   and/or Nanotechnology




       UNISON

                 CIMAV




                                      UANL
                           CIQA

                                                    CINVESTAV-QRO

                                                    CINVESTAV-DF
                                  IPICYT
                                                     UAM
                                  UASLP
                                                        IPN

                             CIATEC                        UNAM
                                                              IMP

                                             BUAP
PRINATEC
                                                                        Academic Institutional Program
                                                                             of Nanotechnology
                                                                         • In CIMAV, most of the researchers perform
                                                                         activities related to Nanotechnology
    •     Increasing world activity                                      • During 2006 and 2007, more than 78% of
                                                                         the publications were related to
    •     To avoid to be left behind                                     Nanotechnology, and a large number is
    •     To explore potential new                                       expected for 2008
          markets                                                        •We have current research projects with the
                                                                         private industry related to Nanotechnology
    •     The need of specialized human
                                                                         •Present infraestructure is adequate, but it
          personal                                                       needs improvements



                                                          Objective
          To be national leaders and to have international presence in Nanoscience and
                                          Nanotechnology

•       Interacting with prestigeous world leaders in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
•       Adquisition of new equipment
•       UT (Austin) – CIMAV agreement -- CIMAV – SUNY/Albany agreement
•       Binational Laboratories México-USA, México-Germany (Nanotechnology)
•       Nanotechnology Consortium
•       Strategic Program of Nanotechnology, National Laboratory of Nanotechnology,
•       Nanotecnology National Initiative NANOMEX
•       Arizona State University
   Academic Institutional Program
        of Nanotechnology

• Computational Simulation of the Molecular
  Structure and Properties of Nanomaterials
• Computational Nanotechnology (CAN)
• Synthesis of Nanostructured Materials
• Chemical and Physical Characterization of
  Nanomaterials
• Industrial Applications of Nanotechnology
 Functional
  Molecular
Nanomaterials
                                                Co m p o s ite

                                                                     P o ly m e r c h a in

    Synthesis and
   Incorporation of                                                           P a rtic le

 Quantum Dots within
Polymeric Matrices via       P o ly m e r



    Mini-Emulsion              +                 Na n o c o m p o s ite

                                                          P o ly m e r c h a in
   Polymerization:

Development of a New     Na n o p a rtic le s
                                                                                  P a rtic le

Generation of Sensores
  for Hydrocarbons
Nanocomposites formed by Ag/carbon
     and PMMA nanoparticles




    LATEX PMMA    LATEX Nanocomposite
  THEORETICAL STUDY OF
 TRANSFERENCE AGENTS TO
    BE USED FOR RAFT
POLYMERIZATION, SIMULATED
     BY MEANS OF DFT
               MAGNETIC FLUIDS
without a magnetic field                        in the presence of a
                                                    magnetic field




The stability of the magnetic fluid is by far superior to 2 years
Metallic and Molecular
    Nanoclusters
Production and
Characterization
 of Composite
   Materials
  Formed by
    Carbon
Nanotubes and
  Aluminium
                   Intermetallic Compounds YCo5
         Applications:
Magnetic materials based on SmCo5 are used in the automobile and electronic
industries as well and others. YCo5 could be an interesting alternative.
  ZnFe2O4
Nanoparticles
          Other nanoparticles
• Silica
• Alumina
• Carbon
  nanotubes
• Nickel oxides
• Clays
• Magnetic ferrites
• CdSe
Corrosion Inhibitors
 Pharmaceutical Drugs,
Foods and Agrochemicals
Computational simulation
of the molecular structure
and properties of
antichagasic
compounds linked to
fullerenes

                             Fondo Sectorial
                             SALUD-CONACYT
      Computational
   Simulation of the
 Molecular Structure
    and Propertes of
   Apple Flavonoids
Linked to Fullerenes
         and Carbon
          Nanotubes
Computational simulation of
the molecular structure and
properties of steroidal
precursors obtained from potato


                • Fondo Sectorial SAGARPA
                • Computational Simulation of the
                  Molecular Structure and Properties
                  of Solanine and Solanidine
    Computational Study of the Molecular Structure and Properties of
         C60 Derivatives with Applications in Nanomedicine


•    Discovery of some C60
     derivatives that are water-soluble
     and thus of potential application if
     nanomedicine
•    Computational molecular
     characterization of fullerene
     derivatives recently synthetized
•    Determination of the structure,
     molecular properties,
     spectroscopy (IR, UV, NMR) and
     chemical reactivity
•    Density Functional Theory (DFT)        Figura 1.
•    Electric, magnetic and optical
     properties
•    Study of the chemical reactivity in
     order to find the active reaction
     sites
Computational
modelling of the
molecular structure
and properties of
antifimic compounds
linked to fullerenes
and carbon nanotubes
Nanomolecular
  Catalysis
 NANOCATALYSTS
     HAS-MoSxCy
(High Adsorptive Sulfur)
Molecular Nanoelectronics
  and Nanobiosensors
      MOLECULAR BEACONS




When the fluorofore and the switch are linked
there is no color, but when the hybridization with
the target DNA takes place, there is a bright and
shine fluorescence.
                          TAMU

Molecular Dynamics
study of self-assembled
monolayers of organic
molecules on metallic
surfaces
   Organic Semiconductors for
Nanolectronics and NANOMELFOS
Theoretical and
Conceptual DFT
Computational Nanotechnology (CAN)
• Modelling and Design of Nanomaterials using
  Computers
• Computational Characterization of the Molecular
  Structure of Nanomaterials
• Prediction of the IR, Raman, UV-Vis and NMR Spectra
  of the Nanostructures
• Determination of the Electric and Magnetic Properties of
  the Nanomaterials
• Computational Simulation of the Thermochemicla
  Properties of the Nanomaterials in Gas Phase, Solid
  Phase and in Solution
• Analysis of the Chemical Reactivity of the Nanomaterials
• Simulation of Chemical and Physical Processes of the
  Nanostructures
In the NANOCOSMOS Group, we are engaged in
theoretical and computational approaches for solving
problems of interest nanoscience and nanotechnology.




         Nanomaterials for
        Solar Energy Storage
           and Conversion
Computational Chemistry
of the Molecular Structure
      and Properties of
       NANOMELFOS
          ********
   Organic Light-Emitting
     and Photovoltaic
      Nanomaterials
• Organic Photovoltaics

• Organic Luminiscence – OLEDs

• Lithium-Ion Polymer Batteries

• PEM Fuel Cells
Computational
simulation of the
molecular structure
and properties of
nanomaterials
potentially useful
for the fabrication
of solar cells and
photovoltaic devices
Most of the solar cells used in the terrestrial
applications are bulk-type single- or multi-
crystalline silicon solar cells. However, a drastic
reduction of cell cost and increase of the
conversion efficiency cannot be expected by
using the conventional materials and solar
cell structures. Moreover, a shortage of
the feedstock of high-purity silicon is
predicted in the near future because of the
requirements of the microelectronics industry.
Therefore, research and development of solar
cells with low production cost, high conversion
efficiency and low feedstock consumption are
required.
An important concept to reach this goal is to
use nanostructured materials instead of bulk
materials. The motivations to employ
nanostructures in solar cells are largely
divided into three categories as follows:
1. To improve the performance of
    conventional solar cells.
2. To obtain relatively high conversion
    efficiency from low grade
    (inexpensive) materials with low
    production cost and low-energy
    consumption.
1. To obtain a conversion efficiency higher
    than the theoretical limit of conventional
    p–n junction solar cell.
    CONJUGATED          FULLERENES
     POLYMERS
• Organic
  semiconductors
• Good processability
• Low cost




  OPTOELECTRONIC
   APPLICATIONS
PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES
                      h
ITO                                       Al
                           e-
      C12H25O
                                     e-
                               Me
                                 N
      C12H25O

                 C60-3PV

          e-

                Photocurrent

                               e-
Zinc oxide (ZnO) has a large
application potential owing to the
diverse physical properties and
the fine-tuning in the preparation
process. The wide band gap of
3.2 eV has also made it suitable
for short-wavelength
optoelectronic devices,
including UV detectors,
photocatalysts, laser diodes
and light-emitting diodes (LEDs).
The 21st century is seeing a big
revolution in the way information
is displayed electronically.
Organic electroluminescent
displays based on OLEDs on
rigid or flexible substrates are
envisioned to play a significant
if not major role in the area of flat
panel displays.
Computational
Chemistry of
the Molecular
Structure and
Properties of
Electroluminescent
Conjugated Polymers
Lithium-ion batteries are
one of the great
successes of modern
materials electrochemistry.
Their science and
technology have been
extensively reported.
However, for new generations of
rechargeable lithium batteries, not
only for applications in consumer
electronics but especially for
clean energy storage and use in
hybrid electric vehicles, further
breakthroughs in materials are
essential. One avenue that is
already opening up is that of
nanomaterials for lithium-ion
polymers batteries.
It is generally believed that
PEMFCs (Polymer Electrolyte
Membrane Fuel Cells) will play an
important role in energy supply in
the near future. Fuel cells will be
providing energy for cars and
trucks, producing electricity for
utilities, and heating and cooling
homes and businesses.
PEMFCs use a proton exchange
membrane as an electrolyte.
The proton-conducting membrane is
the key component of a fuel cell
system, because only extremely stable
membranes can withstand the harsh
chemical and physical environment,
which includes active noble
metal catalysts, temperatures,
which can exceed 100◦C,
aggressive fuels and their partial
oxidation products,
aggressive oxidants,
and the formation of
reactive radicals.
The high cost and environmental
inadaptability of the fluorinated
polymers used for PEM fuel cells,
urge the necessity to develop
alternative proton-conducting
polymers. Theoretical studies of the
systems can provide
experimentalists with ideas about
possible degradation routes and
prove/correct existing assumptions
for the performance reduction.
      Nanotechnology Consortium
             CONACYT
     Research Projects
    and Technological
    Development with the
    Private Industry:
•   DESC
•   MABE
•   GCC
•   IMSA
•   COMEX
                                             COMEX
• Computational modelling of new
  cromophores for their application
  in the painting industry
• Computational simulation of the
  rate constants and reactivity
  relationships of differentes
  monomers of common use in
  the painting industry
• Computational simulation of the
  solubility of the complex
  Co[(Ethylendiamine) (2 Ethylhexanoate)2]
  in different solvents
                              PROLEC

• Bibliography search on
  nanotechnology and it
  potential applications to
  electrical equipment
     Research Agreements with
     Academic USA Institutions


• UT – Austin

• SUNY – Albany
•   Optoelectronics and Nanophotonics
•   Chemical Sensors
•   Carbon Nanostructures
•   Nanoparticules
•   Computational Simulation of
    Nanostructures
The University of Texas at Austin
                   • Development of new
                   nanomaterials for fuel
                   cells
                   • Computational
                   Nanotechnology
                   • Mechanical and
                   microstructural
                   characterization of
                   aluminium based
                   nanocomposites
CINT Users
Workshop,
Albuquerque,
NM, January
2006
M.Sc. and Ph.D programs in
Materials Science -
Orientation Nanotechnology

• Introduction to Nanotechnology
• Introduction to BioNanotechnology
• Appplications of Computational
  Nanotechnology
• Science and Technology of
  Nanocomposites
• Computational Chemistry for
  Nanotechnology
• Supramolecular Chemistry
• Molecular Nanoelectronics
Thirty six students have
been finished their studies
during 2007 and the first
months of 2008. From them,
about 80%, that is, 29
students have presented
a M.Sc. or Ph.D. Thesis
related with the
Nanotechnology research
lines of CIMAV.
Thanks for your
  attention!!!
Dr. Daniel Glossman-Mitnik
 Coordinator of the Academic Institutional
      Program of Nanotechnology


          Phone: (614) 4391151
     Secretary/FAX: (614) 4394852
 E-mail: daniel.glossman@cimav.edu.mx
  WEB page : http://www.cimav.edu.mx

				
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