Document Sample
peace+of+paris Powered By Docstoc
					                                               The Future Revenge

        The Paris Peace Conference in 1919, also known as the Treaty of Versailles, was the meeting of
the Allied nations who defeated the central powers (or the Triple Alliance nations) at the end of World
War I to set the peace terms for Germany and other defeated nations, and to deal with the empires of
the defeated powers following the Armistice of 1918. It took place in Paris in 1919 and involved
diplomats from more than 30 countries. They met, discussed and came up with a series of treaties in an
attempt to maintain a lasting peace throughout the world. At its center, were the “Big Four”: President
Woodrow Wilson of the United States, Prime Minister David Lloyd George of Britain , and Georges
Clemenceau of France and Vittorio Orlando of Italy. Germany and Russia were not allowed to attend,
but numerous other nations did send delegations, each with a different agenda. For six months Paris
was effectively the center of a world government, as the peacemakers wound up bankrupt empires and
created new countries. The most important results included a punitive peace treaty that declared
Germany guilty, weakened it militarily, and required it to pay all the costs of the war to the winners. This
was known as the War Guilt Clause that was included in the final treaty.

        The biggest part of the Paris Peace Conference was how the winners of the war, the Allies, dealt
with Germany. The Allies weakened Germany’s military, changing the structure of German society
enormously. During the war, the percentage of women in the workforce had risen to 37%, a massive
rise. At the end of the war this figure did not fall dramatically, meaning that from now on women had a
significant role to play in the German economy. The reaction of many Germans to the ending of the war
also had a large impact on German Society. Many of the former soldiers were of the opinion that they
had not lost the war; they believed that the army had been cheated. (Hitler later phrased this as 'The
Stab in the back'). The German economy had suffered terribly during the war. Industrial output fell by
over 40% between 1914 and 1918. Machinery was, at the end of the war, outdated in many cases and
ran by ill-trained people. The workforce was not physically fit enough to work as hard as required. Food
shortages, thus. became a constant problem, causing radicalization of people’s views across Germany.
As a result extremist views, such as communism, became widely supported, particularly in the industrial
cities. Germany was extremely isolated at the end of the war. Trade was hard to come by as most of her
previous trading partners now shunned Germany or were dominated by Allied Powers. Germany was
distressed and they felt like lower class citizens compared to the rest of Europe, they felt looked down
upon. The result of this Peace conference and its decisions with Germany led to World War Two,
because if Germany was not so depressed and ashamed, then these radical ideas of Hitler and the want
for a radical change would not necessarily have happened or supported. These changes were a kind of
revenging against Europe, a counterattack to demonstrate the existence and power of Germany.

        The Bar graph on the slide shows how much money in billons of dollars that each country had
spent by the end of the war. Germany of course was the most, because of their huge debt and the
money that they has to give back to other countries. This proves the point that Germany did have it the
worst off, they did have the worst economy and the biggest impacts, and huge impacts can be resolved
in different ways—either sanely or radically—they chose radically.

        This Picture shows the “Big Four”, the leaders from the United States, Italy, Britain, and
France. Even though there were 30 some national leaders at the peace conference these four
men were the most important in making the regulations. All these men but especially the three
men from U.S., Britain, and France were always against Germany (unlike Italy who switched to
the Allies later on in the war), really wanted to punish Germany for their defeat and wrong
doings. These are the men that made the laws for Germany—the men who weakened their
military and made them pay back war debts. If they knew what was going to happen in the
future, would these men still make these harsh regulations?

Shared By: