THE RESULTS OF WWI
Leaders of the four major victorious powers—Britain's Prime Minister David Lloyd
George, Italy's Prime Minister Vittorio Orlando, President Georges Clemenceau of
France, and President Woodrow Wilson of the United States—met in 1919 at the
Paris Peace Conference to settle the issues raised by World War I.
Paris Peace Conference, 1919
The Entente (victorious) countries and their
allies meet to discuss the settlement of WWI.
Some of the issues that needed to be resolved
included: how to punish the losing countries, who
was ‘guilty’ for causing the war? And, how would
peace be maintained in the world. Canada
participates here as an independent nation and
becomes a member of the League of Nations.
The Treaty of Versailles,
June 28th 1919
Treaty of Versailles
• This treaty was the result of the peace
conference and it formally ended the war. It
demanded that Germany:
– Accept blame for the war (War Guilt Clause)
– Significantly reduce the army (less than 100 000) and
navy, and abolish conscription
– (surrender equipment)
– Give back the land it had conquered
– (including overseas colonies)
– Pay reparations amounting to approx. $30 billion
– Allow Allied troops to be stationed on it’s territory
Treaty of Versailles
-The treaty was extremely harsh on Germany and
many acknowledged that it would simply lead to
the outbreak of another war. Germany signed it
under protest. Germany would be burdened by
the terms of this treaty until Hitler takes power in
-Canada wanted a place at the conference,
Borden argued successfully for this, however he
could not secure a vote for Canada.
-U.S. opposed Dominions (Canada, Australia,
South Africa, etc) having a vote. Why?
Official Flag of the League of Nations
The League of Nations
• Precursor to the United Nations
• Formation in 1919: the last of President
Woodrow Wilson’s 14 points.
• 58 member nations at its height
• Ended in 1946 (final meeting), after the
United Nations is established in 1943.
1) 620 000 military personnel mobilized
2) 67 000 deaths
3) 173 000 wounded
4) WORLD WAR 1 Casualties:
16 million deaths, 21 million wounded