The Romanian System of Innovation

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					  The Romanian System of
        Innovation




                      by
Audrey Le Pape, Bertrand Langue, Flavius Cerbu
The Romanian System of Innovation
    Romania – country information


 Capital - Bucharest
 Total Area - 237,500.00 sq km
 Population - 22,364,022 (July 2001 est.)
 Languages - Romanian
 Religions - Romanian Orthodox 70%
 Government - Type republic
 Currency - leu
 GDP - $229.897 bn for 2007 (est.) $247.411 bn
 for 2008 (est.)
 Unemployment rate - 6.1% (2006 est.)
 Industry - textiles and footwear, light machinery and
 auto assembly, mining, timber, construction materials,
 metallurgy, chemicals, food processing, petroleum
 Agriculture - wheat, corn, sugar beets, sunflower seed, potatoes, grapes; eggs, sheep
 Arable Land - 41%
 Natural Resources - petroleum (reserves declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore,
     salt, arable land, hydro power
The Romanian System of Innovation
   Romania has joined the European Union on the 1st of January 2007

   Prior to this date Romania has shown positive signs of development

   But Romania is below the EU average on most of the indicators in the 2005 EU Innovation
    Scoreboard

   1999-2003 R&D total expenditures accounted for 0.40% of GDP
   2004 total R&D expenditure – 0.55% of GDP
   The private sector: - 1999 – 50.2% of total
                        - 2003 – 45.4% of total
                        - 2004, 2005 – about 50% of total

   State resources allocated for R&D as a percentage of GDP for the period 2006-2009




                                                European Commission: Investing in research, Country profile - Romania
The Romanian System of Innovation
              Structure of the Romanian Innovation System

    The National Authority for
Scientific Research (NASR) of the MER
 Objectives:
 - to formulate, implement and monitor
innovation strategies
 - harmonize the Romanian strategies
to prepare for integration in the
European environment
 - 2005 – MER has set in place the
R&D and innovation strategy for the
2007-2013 period

    The Working Group under the direct
authority of the Prime Minister (created in 2005)
Objectives:
 - identify viable methods to improve the Romanian business environment
 - eliminate administrative barriers to R&D policies
 - The National Plan for Development 2007-2013
The Romanian System of Innovation

Romanian Research Institutions

   300 RTD institutes and research centers
              - 41 are national R&D institutes (coordinated by 8 Ministries)

   56 public R&D institutes (742 faculties)

   30 accredited private universities with regular R&D activities

   250 joint-stock companies, public or private – R&D main activity

   23 technology transfer centers and 7 S&T parks are under development in
    different regions of the country
The Romanian System of Innovation




    Current Issues of Research, Development and Innovation in Romania
       Andreea VASS, Steliana SANDU -Institute of National Economy
The Romanian System of Innovation
   Programs for Development: 2001-2005 development objectives
The Romanian System of Innovation
   Summary Innovation Index 2005 I
The Romanian System of Innovation
   Summary Innovation Index 2005 II
The Romanian System of Innovation
   WHAT drives innovation

   Innovation drivers - structural conditions required for innovation
    potential

   Knowledge creation - investments in R&D

   Innovation & entrepreneurship - innovation at the company level

   Application - performance expressed in terms of labor and
    business activities and their value added in innovative sectors

   Intellectual property - achieved results in terms of successful
    know-how
The Romanian System of Innovation

   Innovation drivers - structural conditions required for innovation potential
The Romanian System of Innovation


   Knowledge creation - investments in R&D
The Romanian System of Innovation

    Innovation & entrepreneurship - innovation at the company level
The Romanian System of Innovation

   Application - performance expressed in terms of labor and business
    activities and their value added in innovative sectors
The Romanian System of Innovation

    Intellectual property - achieved results in terms of successful know-
     how
The Romanian System of Innovation
   Positive points – socio-cultural environment - awareness of the need for
    innovation
The Romanian System of Innovation
   Positive points – development of the e-commerce business
    sector
The Romanian System of Innovation
   Positive points – Internet use
   Internet use development over 7 year period
     - a growth of more than six times in Internet users
     - 24 % of the total population uses Internet (2007) from 3.6% (2000)




                                        Populatio                  Usage
             YEAR         Users                        % Pop.
                                           n                       Source


             2000            800,000      22,217,700       3.6 %           ITU

             2004           4,000,000     21,377,426      18.7 %           ITU

             2006           4,940,000     21,154,226      23.4 %   C.I. Almanac

             2007           5,062,500     21,154,226      23.9 %           ITU
The Romanian System of Innovation
   Positive points – Mobile phone subscribers
The Romanian System of Innovation
   The past

           underinvestment - minimum available resources,
           delayed restructuring
           fragile enterprise sector in Romania could not exert a real
            innovation demand
           Brain drain –researchers leaving the country


   The future

           Knowledge creation – increased international visibility and transfer
            of results in the economy
           Increase competitiveness of the Romanian economy – innovation
            impacting the economic operators, high level technological results,
            development of innovative technologies, products and services,
            with direct applicability
           Increase social quality – develop solutions to benefit society
The Romanian System of Innovation
2007-2013 National Development Plan

   Increasing performance

       Reaching scientific excellence results, reflected by an increased
        number of articles in mainstream publications; a ranking among the
        first 35 countries in the ISI-indexed publications (the rank from 1995
        to 2005 has been 48)

       A 10 times increase of the EPO patents per 1 million inhabitants until
        2013 (with a reference of 1.72 in 2003, compared to the EU25
        average of 137)

       A three-times increase by 2013, as from 2006, of the patents
        registered by the National Office for Pattents and Marks (OSIM) and an
        increased share of high-tech patents

       A double share of innovative enterprises (which represented 19% in
        the period 2002-2004, according to the Community Innovation
        Survey)
The Romanian System of Innovation
2007-2013 National Development Plan

   Development of system resources

   A three-times increase of the number of researchers until 2013, together with the
    decrease of the average researcher age below 40 years

   Provision of an average annual number of 2000 doctoral scholarships

   An increased share of PhDs and doctoral students, up to over 50% of all researchers

   An increased interest for the research career by providing access and career
    development facilities for performant researchers

   Attracting experienced researchers, and young post-doctoral and doctoral
    researchers of any nationality, while turning Romania into a destination of interest for
    scientific excellence

   An increased access to performance research infrastructures through the
    participation to large international research infrastructures, the development of
    research facilities of national relevance, and through support for establishing
    performant laboratories with multiple users.
The Romanian System of Innovation
2007-2013 National Development Plan

   Involvement of the private sector


   The increase of the private research & development expenditures up to 1% of the
    GDP until 2013

   Stimulating the participation of the private sector in RDI activities, with a view to
    increase the capacity for innovation, technological development and industrial up-
    take of research results

   Development of public-private partnerships in science and technology by establishing
    centres of competence, technology platforms, scientific parks and specialized
    interfaces between the RDI demand and supply

   A simplified access of innovative enterprises to the RDI financing schemes directed
    towards co-financing and support for their cooperation with research done in
    universities and public research & development institutes.
The Romanian System of Innovation
2007-2013 National Development Plan

   Increasing the institutional capacity


   Reducing the RDI system fragmentation by fostering the cooperation and
    participation to national and international networks, thus providing the
    critical mass and valuable results at the international level

   Transformation of the Romanian universities and public R&D institutes into
    actors on the international knowledge market and the increase of their
    capacity for being able to cooperate with the companies

   Research management professionalization;
   n International assessment of research performance for all public actors,
    universities and public research institutes

   Reinforcement of the role of science in society through science
    communication, promotion of ethics and equal opportunities in the field of
    research, development of interfaces dedicated to science societydialogue.
The Romanian System of Innovation
2007-2013 National Development Plan


   Expansion of international cooperation

   Expansion of international cooperation in programs and projects

   A better representation of Romania at the institutional and expert level in
    institutions and representative RDI bodies at the European and
    international levels

   Participation of the Romanian scientific diaspora to research projects to
    promote the Romanian R&D sector, and for evaluating projects, programs
    and policies
The Romanian System of Innovation
  Distribution of R&D in-house
expenditures by activity in 2002

The Innovation-based Competitiveness of
Romanian economy in the framework of
Lisbon Strategy
http://www.cerope.ro/pub/study53en.htm#_Toc70237230
The Romanian System of Innovation
   Sources:


   GOVERNMENT OF ROMANIA MINISTRY OF ECONOMY AND FINANCE
      - Sectorial Operational Programme “INCREASE OF ECONOMIC COMPETITIVENESS”

   The National Plan for Research, Development and Innovation for the period 2007-2013

   National Economy Institute – 2004 Current Issues of Research, Development and Innovation in
    Romania
      - Andreea VASS1 Institute of National Economy, Steliana SANDU2 Institute of National Economy

   GOVERNMENT OF ROMANIA - NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR ECONOMIC FORECASTING
     - ROMANIA ON THE PATH TOWARDS EUROPEAN UNION, THROUGH DEVELOPMENT OF THE
    KNOWLEDGE-BASED ECONOMY

				
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