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The Life and Times of William Shakespeare

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The Life and Times of William Shakespeare Powered By Docstoc
					THE LIFE AND TIMES OF
WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE
                   K.W.L.
• Make a burrito out of your paper




• Let’s do a KWL
ILLIAM SHAKESPEARE was born on April 23, 1564 in the town of
Stratford-upon-Avon, England to Mary Arden and John Shakespeare.
His dad made some money in the glove business, eventually opened a
general store and over the years bought some property.
 Will was the third of eight children and received a free boyhood
education because of his father's position as alderman. Indications in
his later writing suggest that as a kid Shakespeare enjoyed football,
field sports and arguing with the referees. The Shakespeare's were
comfortable, but not aristocrats by any means. By the time William was
fifteen the family's fortunes were in decline. Business was bad. This
just meant that when Will came of age, he had to work for a living.
Obviously, there were not a lot of entertainment options
at the time. Books were not in wide circulation and
anyone with half a brain could only take so much of that
crappy re-order music and those inane puppet shows - so
Shakespeare had the brilliant idea of becoming an actor.
SHAKESPEARE’S HISTORY
      Born in Stratford-upon-Avon, England
      Birth date unknown, but baptismal date
       April 26, 1564
      Date of Death: April 23, 1616

      First Folio published in 1623




         The “Lost Years” 1585 to 1592
THE FAMILY
     Married  Anne Hathaway November
      29, 1582- she’s 26
     Father: John Shakespeare
     Mother: Mary Arden
     Kids-
        Susanna (66) 1583
        twins Judith (77) and Hamnet (11)-
        1585
Write an Inference!
   Based on the evidence in the previous slide, what can
    we infer about William Shakespeare . . Fast Willy?
EDUCATION AND THEATER


      Attended Stratford Grammar school
       until age 14
      Studied Latin and Greek




      Leaves family in England, goes to
       London
      Join’s Lord Chamberlain’s Men

           Later known as The King’s Men
SHAKESPEARE’S CAREER
      Made a living as actor, part owner
       in Globe theater, playwright
      Writes three types of plays

      Retires in 1610
THE TIME PERIOD

      The English Renaissance or
       Elizabethan Era
      Named after Queen Elizabeth I, first
       female monarch
      She was the daughter of Henry VIII

      Bubonic Plague was a major cause of

       death and illness, affected Globe sales
       in 1592 & 1608-1610
      King James succeeded her
THE GLOBE THEATER

     Held 2,500 to 3,000 people
     Built in 1599

     Shakespeare owned 10%



     Had a flag on top to signaled that a
      play was happening that day
     Performed in afternoon because of
      sunlight
PICTURE OF THE GLOBE THEATER
   http://www.argo217.k12.il.us/departs/english/bletti
    ere/globe.pdf
GLOBE CONTINUED

      Only men acting, women were not
       allowed to act
      Burned down in 1613

      Rebuilt in 1614, but Shakespeare

       has retired from the Globe
Shakespeare's Language
 Blank Verse: unrhymed iambic pentameter verse
 Meter: recurrence in a poetic line of a regular
  rhythmic unit
 Foot: combination of stressed and unstressed
  syllables which constitutes the meter.
 Iambic- an unstressed followed by a stressed syllable
       e.g. re-call . . .
 Heroic couplets: 2 rhyming lines to finish a passage of
  verse
 Soliloquy: an extended speech in which a character is
  alone on stage
 Aside: A statement said out loud but can only be
  heard by the speaker and the audience. Other
  characters onstage cannot hear it
Shakespearean Play types- 39 total
   History: used to generate funds and appease the
    benefactor (King James), slightly accurate historically
    speaking
       Henry IV’s, Ricahrd II, Richard III, Julius Caesar, Henry V,
        Henry VIII
   Tragedy: a serious play dealing with the problems of a
    central usually noble character that end with
    calamitous events and death.
       Romeo & Juliet, Hamlet, King Lear, MacBeth, Othello
   Romance/ Comedy: a lighthearted play dealing with
    redemption stories and love plots/ triangles, often
    mystical and fantastic
       The Tempest, Much Ado about Nothing, A Midsummer
        Night’s Dream, The Winter’s Tale
5 acts of fun- Tragedy
 ActI: Introduction- introduces the
 complication (plot) that is to stir the
 protagonist from the regular path: includes a
 moral conflict in most tragedies. When s/he
 chooses incorrectly/ evil and defies
 foreshadowing, it is called a tragic flaw: the
 element that leads to a hero’s unfolding.

 Act II: Dramatic Action Increases- more
 difficulties are added to the plot to compound
 the conflict
 5 Acts of Fun: con’t
 Act III: Turning Point (climax)- Protagonist makes a
  mistake and cannot turn back. His fate is sealed and
  the dramatic irony builds because the audience can
  perceive what will ultimately happen.
 Act IV: Tease of Success- In the 4th acts the
  protagonist generates a plan, sometimes with help
  from other characters or foils (characters in contrast
  to the protagonist’s), that will successfully resolve the
  conflict. This builds tension because it contrasts with
  the foreshadowing.
 Act V: Catastrophe- The final predicted resolution is
  enacted and many people die including the
  protagonist. The Catharsis is sometimes fulfilling but
  typically leaves crowd saddened and awakened
   Romeo and Juliet
by William Shakespeare

 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AU1zJofOY60



       We will be reading
 Shakespeare’s Play Romeo and
  Juliet. What can you tell me
 about this play? Write a K.W.L
 about what you know about the
     play Romeo and Juliet.
What do you know about
      this play?
ROMEO AND JULIET– THE HISTORY OF THE PLAY

      Categorized as a tragedy
      Not an Original Story

      Story set in Verona, Italy

      Story is about 2 feuding families
                Montagues- Romeo
                Capulets- Juliet
         Retellings-
                West Side Story, The Adventures of
                 Huckleberry Finn,

				
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