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					“An Environmental Sustainability”
Linking CDM into National Development Planning


                               Amjad Abdulla
                 Ministry of Environment, Energy and Water
                                  Maldives

 Workshop on Developing Regional Strategy for CDM in the Asia Pacific Region
                              30-31 March 2006
                              Bangkok, Thailand
        Presentation Outline
• Special vulnerability and Development
  Challenges
• National Sustainable Development
  Strategies
• Vision 2020
• Institutional framework
• Recommendations
              VISION 2020
• Vision 2020 – declared by President in July 99
• To make Maldives a top-ranking middle income
  developing country
• Has important social, economic and environmental
  goals
• A very comprehensive participatory consultative
  process
• All islands, all atolls participated
• Regional and National Level consultations
• Implementation strategies document
          Development Planning
•   First plan 1950-52
•   Second plan 1985-87
•   Sixth plan 2001-2005
•   Seventh Plan 2006 -2010
•   Sixth NDP – a strategic plan
•   Seventh NDP – a result oriented plan
•   Policy framework for sectoral plans and
    programmes
          Regional Development

•   A priority policy of government
•   Regional Development Plan – 1995
•   Regional Development Project Phase 1
•   Northern Development Region
•   Southern Development Region
•   Regional Development Management
    Offices (RDMOs)
             Tourism Planning
• First Tourism Master Plan
• Second Tourism Master Plan
• 14 Islands developed (1st Phase)
• 11 new Islands to be developed (2nd Phase)
• Selection of islands
• Links to population consolidation and spatial
  planning
• EIAs very successful
          Natural Resources
•   Fisheries –master plan development in
    process
•   Agriculture –master plan development in
    process
•   Transport issues
             Institutions
• NCPE
• MEEW
  –   DoM
  –   ERC
  –   MWSA
  –   MEA
• MPND, MoT, MoHA,,MoAD, MHUD,
• MFT, MMA, DER,AGO and Audit Office
        Environmental Planning
•   NEAP I (1990)
•   NEAP II (1998)
•   EIA
•   First NC to UNFCCC (2001)
•   National Biodiversity Strategy (2002)
•   State of the Environment (2002, 2004)
•   Air Pollution Strategy
•   National Waste Management Strategy
         Laws and Regulations
• NEPA (Act 4/93) of April 1993
      environmental guidance
      protected areas/species
      EIA
      Termination of projects
      Waste disposal
      Hazardous wastes
      Fines & compensation
• Fisheries law
• Tourism law and regulations
• EIA Guidelines
           Impact Assessment
•   EIA mandatory – Act 4/93 – clause 5
•   EIA screening
•   Assessment process
•   Review
•   Monitoring
•   Project Appraisal
                  Priority Issues
•   Climate Change and Sea level rise
•   Sustainable Transportation and Energy
•   Coastal Zone Management
•   Conservation of Biological Diversity
•   Integrated Reef Resources Management
•   Integrated Water Resources Management
•   Management of Solid Wastes and Sewage
•   Pollution Control and Managing Hazardous Wastes
•   Sustainable Tourism Development
•   Land Resources Management
•   Human Settlements and Urbanisation
       Future Policy Directions
• Continuous assessment of state of the environment
  to base decisions on science and knowledge

• Consultation and working with all relevant sectors
  of society to ensure stakeholder participation in
  decision making

• Increasing public awareness and environmental
  education to get effective public participation in
  environmental protection
       Future Policy Directions
• Continuous assessment of state of the environment
  to base decisions on science and knowledge

• Consultation and working with all relevant sectors
  of society to ensure stakeholder participation in
  decision making

• Increasing public awareness and environmental
  education to get effective public participation in
  environmental protection
    Involvement in decision making
•   NGOs given the opportunity
•   NGOs need capacity building
•   Role of island development committees
•   Women’s development committees
•   No NGO participation in National
    Commission for Protection of Environment
                     ODA
•   Declining
•   Donor priorities
•   National level co-ordination
•   SIDS Donors Meeting
•   External debt rising
       Maldives & UNFCCC
• Maldives signed UNFCCC in 1992 and
  ratified in 1993
• 1st country to signed and ratify the KP
• Played an active role in UNFCCC & KP
  process through AOSIS
• National Clean Development Mechanism
  Authority to be Established in the MEEW
Institutional Framework on CDM
• Ministry of Environment, Energy and Water
• National Commission for the Protection of the
  Environment (NCPE)
• Chairperson of NCPE to be National Focal Point
• Head of Policy and Planning Division of the
  MEEW as the Secretariat to coordinate the
  structuring of CDM operation and Management in
  the Maldives
Maldives Policy on Climate Change
•   Adaptation
•   National Communication
•   Mitigation
•   Research and Observation System
•   Education, Training and Public Awareness
•   Capacity Building
•   Development and Technology Transfer
•   Clean Development Mechanism
 Tentative CDM Project Criteria
• Voluntary Participation
• Sustainable Development
  – Environment
  – Economic
  – Social and including public participation
• Technology Transfer
• Legislation Compliance
         Draft CDM Sustainable Criteria
Aspect        Objective                        Indicator
Environment •Promote Environmental             Approve EIA if Required by Law or IEE
            Quality and GHG reduction          Improve Environmental quality
            project
                                               •GHG emission reduction
            •Promoting Reduction of
                                               •Air Pollution SO2,NOx, PM10
            Natural Resource Utilization
            such and ground water and          •Water Pollution
            finite energy sources              •Solid Waste
            •Full life cycle plan of project   •Land Contamination
            including plan after contract      Include Plan to Sustain Biodiversity
            ended
                                               Include ground water conservation Plan
                                               Reduce utilization of finite energy
                                               source
                                               Promote sustainable use of other natural
                                               resource
                                               Include Plan to mitigate environmental
                                               impact
         Draft CDM Sustainable Criteria
Aspect     Objective                        Indicator
Social     •Public participation is a       In agreement with laws and regulations
           major part of SD, and to avoid   as well as EIA rules
           community conflict , the
           project developer must seek      Information dissemination to Public
           permission from both local       Equity in Benefit sharing in the
           and national aouthority          Community
                                            •Health
                                            •Child Education
                                            •Improve Worker Skill
                                            •Other Benefits


Economic   •To promote Local Economy        Employment (in years)
           in the Project area that would
           reflect national economy
                  Draft CDM Approval Process
                        NATIONAL PROJECT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (MPND)
                                                    Weekly meeting
                                 NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR THE
                             PROTECTION FOR THE ENVIRONMENT (NCPE)
                                                    Monthly meeting
                            NATIONAL COMMITTEE ON CLIMATE CHANGE

Expert Group on Climate Change                                        Comments from

and Industrial Sector            PPD as the DNA-CDM SECRETARIATE      Relevant Minstry(s)



Project Developer Submits Project Design Documents (PDD) together with Approved EIA or IEE
                                   Report to PPD of MEEW
     Draft List of Documents for
             Submission
• Application from
• IEE
• Participation Qualification
Thank you

				
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posted:3/31/2012
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