Thyroid Illnesses in Cats and Dogs

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                                                   Thyroid illness in cats and dogs
                                                            By Nick Carmichael

    Thyroid illness in cats and dogs by Nick Carmichael

Common clinical signs of hypothyroidism in dogs include weight gain, lethargy, reduced exercise
tolerance and poor coat quality. However, the disease affects almost all body systems and as a result
a wide variety of signs can potentially be associated with this endocrinopathy.
Diagnosis is complicated by the fact that many non-thyroidal illnesses (NTI) may present with similar
features to hypothyroidism and can result in reduced thyroid output. There is no perfect lab test for the
diagnosis of hypothyroidism and the available alternatives all have their own strengths and
weaknesses that need to be taken into account. Often the best approach is to use multiple tests that
complement one another and help to improve diagnostic accuracy.

Where hypothyroidism is a consideration, making the diagnosis requires three distinct steps:

1. Exclude non-thyroidal illness (NTI).

By excluding other disease conditions first the predictive value of the thyroid tests will be significantly
increased. In practical terms this phase may include a profile including FBC and smear evaluation and
where necessary screening tests for Cushings. The latter can be important as both endocrinopathies
can result in alopecia, weight gain and marked reductions in T4.

2. Run a screening test for hypothyroidism.

Basal T4 is sensitive but not specific for hypothyroidism. As a result, a clearly normal T4 reliably
excludes hypothyroidism in almost all cases. Basal T4 is included in the CTDS Canine Endocrine
Profile. While almost all dogs with hypothyroidism have a reduced basal T4, many dogs with NTI have
low T4 also. To help improve the specificity of T4 it is often coupled with TSH assay. T4 with TSH
works well as a relatively low cost screening test for hypothyroidism and can be run alongside or
following the endocrine profile.

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Nick graduated from Edinburgh Veterinary School in 1980 with an Honours degree in Pathological

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Sciences and in 1982 as a Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery. In 2003 Nick became a
diplomate of the Royal college of Pathologists in veterinary clinical pathology.

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                                                  Why Cats Are Better Than Dogs
                                                            By Brenda I. Snare

 At the risk of offending of all the dog lovers who read this article, I must state my preference for cats
over dogs. They are very adorable creatures that also have a wonderful air of independence and
intelligence about them. This independence gives them a more well rounded personality than dogs
who seem to always want to be by your side.

Cats are also much easier to care for and are great even small apartments. If you live in the city like I
do then having a dog is a total pain. You have to take them out for a walk twice every day or pay for an
expensive dog walker! A cat can be perfectly happy indoors. They can cope much better in small
places than dogs do.

The hearing power of cat is much more sensitive than that of humans and dogs. I find it a very fun past
time to just watch my cats listen to sounds. They pick up on any tiny little sound and you can watch
their little ears move around to catch it! They seem to even be listening for sounds while they are
sleeping and if anything catches their interest they wake right up!

One of my biggest reasons for liking cats more than dogs is that cats barely make any noise. I hate
barking! Some dogs just bark and bark and bark and it's so irritating to me. Some cants meow more
than others but even a cat that meows a lot is much less annoying than a dog that barks all the time.
Barking is just much more loud and piercing.

Cats can be left alone over night (or even for a few days) without any real problem. This means you
can go out for a night on a town and not be worried about what's going on with your cat back at the
apartment. With a dog this is not the case. If you leave a dog by him or herself too long they will
certainly make a mess and they will be very unhappy.

Cats are also much less likely to beg you for food. One of my cats won't even eat anything except for
his cat food! He is very finicky about what he eats. Dogs on the other hand will eat anything! They will
even root around in your garbage for things to eat if they get the chance.

Simply put dogs are a far greater nuisance and take much more energy to deal with than do cats. Cats
are also more intelligent and more interesting creatures. Dogs are simply followers, cats on the other
hand have their own personalities. They can seem aloof at times but they can also be very loving at
times. This sort of swing in moods is much more similar to a person than a dog which seems to be
blissfully unaware of anything all the time.

One more great reason that cats are better than dogs? They clean themselves! Dogs are dirty smelly
creatures that have to be cleaned by you or they will be stinking up your place! Cats on the other hand
take pride in their cleanliness. They are soft and clean.

Oh and finally, let us not forget that while dogs have to be house trained, cats don't really. All you have
to do is set up a litter box in the right way and they'll start using it.

Brenda L. Snare recommends for all cat lovers!

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The Ultimate Guide to Having Happy, Healthy, Long Living Cats . Plus Bonus: Kitty IQ Test !
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Related eBooks:

Why Cats Are Better Than Dogs
Understand Your Pet's Hypertension
Hyperthyroidism In Cats
Thyroid Diseases - Hyperthyroidism
Can Cats And Dogs Live Together As Friends?

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I Am Siamese
Raising happy, healthy, beautiful Siamese cats.
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