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Index 2008 EAP

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Index 2008 EAP Powered By Docstoc
					CDI performance over time, using 2008 methodology

                                                                                         "Most
                                                                               Change, improved"
Country            2003      2004       2005        2006     2007     2008     2003-08    rank
Australia             9.2      11.0       11.0        10.7     10.4     10.3       +1.1         2
Austria               4.0       3.8        3.9         3.9      4.1      3.9       –0.1        15
Belgium               4.0       3.7        4.2         4.2      4.3      4.3       +0.3         8
Canada                6.0       6.1        6.4         6.3      6.7      6.2       +0.2        12
Denmark               5.3       5.3        4.7         5.1      5.6      5.2       –0.1        15
Finland               3.9       4.0        4.4         4.3      4.5      4.4       +0.5         6
France                4.2       4.3        4.7         4.7      4.7      4.5       +0.3         8
Germany               3.8       4.0        4.3         4.1      4.3      4.1       +0.3         8
Greece                2.8       2.9        3.2         3.2      3.2      3.4       +0.6         5
Ireland               4.5       4.0        5.1         4.8      5.4      5.3       +0.8         3
Italy                 3.2       3.3        3.6         3.6      3.5      3.3       +0.1        13
Japan                 3.3       3.4        2.7         3.4      3.6      3.4       +0.1        13
Netherlands           5.5       5.4        5.4         5.2      5.9      5.1       –0.4        19
New Zealand          12.7      11.3       10.9        14.6     14.4     14.0       +1.3         1
Norway                6.2       5.7        5.8         5.7      5.8      5.4       –0.8        21
Portugal              5.5       6.6        5.7         5.2      5.1      5.2       –0.3        18
Spain                 3.3       3.2        3.6         3.6      3.9      3.8       +0.5         6
Sweden                5.1       5.1        5.3         5.0      5.1      4.9       –0.2        17
Switzerland           4.2       4.1        4.3         3.9      3.8      3.6       –0.6        20
United Kingdom        4.5       4.5        4.9         4.8      4.8      4.8       +0.3         8
United States         4.4       4.7        4.9         5.0      5.2      5.2       +0.8         3

Average                5.0       5.1       5.2         5.3      5.4      5.2      +0.2
  "Most-improved" standings


      Country          Change
Australia Zealand
    1 New                 +1.3
Austria
    2 Australia           +1.1
Belgium
    3 United States       +0.8
Canada
    3 Ireland             +0.8
Denmark
    5 Greece              +0.6
Finland
    6 Finland             +0.5
France
    6 Spain               +0.5
Germany
    8 France              +0.3
Greece
    8 United Kingdom      +0.3
Ireland
    8 Belgium             +0.3
Italy Germany
    8                     +0.3
JapanCanada
   12                     +0.2
Netherlands
   13 Japan               +0.1
New Zealand
   13 Italy               +0.1
Norway
   15 Denmark              –0.1
Portugal
   15 Austria              –0.1
Spain Austria
   18                      –0.1
Sweden
   19 Portugal             –0.3
Switzerland
   20 Netherlands          –0.4
United Kingdom
   20 Switzerland          –0.6
United States
   21 Norway               –0.8
                                                                                                                                                  One-year change,
Commitment to Development Index East Asia & Pacific 2008                                                            Standings                     latest methodology
                                                                                                       Overall
  Rank    Country             Aid    Trade   Investment   Migration   Environment Security Technology (Average)         Country          Score      Score
    2     Australia           16.1    8.5        6.1        11.0           5.6     19.6        5.2      10.3          1 New Zealand
                                                                                                                Australia                 14.0         –0.4
   16     Austria              2.1    5.0        3.0         4.8           6.2      1.5        5.0       3.9          2
                                                                                                                AustriaAustralia          10.3         –0.1
   14     Belgium              4.2    5.0        5.2         2.2           6.9      1.9        4.5       4.3          3 Canada
                                                                                                                Belgium                     6.2        –0.5
    3     Canada               4.1    7.2        6.3        12.7           4.7      2.6        5.9       6.2    Canada4 Norway              5.4        –0.4
    6     Denmark              7.6    5.0        4.8         4.7           6.5      2.6        5.2       5.2          5 Ireland
                                                                                                                Denmark                     5.3        –0.1
   13     Finland              3.0    5.1        4.9         2.7           8.2      1.7        5.3       4.4          6
                                                                                                                FinlandDenmark              5.2        –0.4
   12     France               3.4    5.0        5.0         2.9           6.6      2.1        6.2       4.5          6
                                                                                                                France Portugal             5.2        +0.1
   15     Germany              3.4    5.0        6.3         3.8           6.4      -0.8       4.3       4.1          6 United States
                                                                                                                Germany                     5.2         0.0
   19     Greece               0.9    5.0        4.4         1.8           6.3      2.4        3.1       3.4          9
                                                                                                                GreeceNetherlands           5.1        –0.8
    5     Ireland             10.0    4.9        2.8         6.1           7.9      1.8        3.4       5.3        10
                                                                                                                IrelandSweden               4.9        –0.2
   21     Italy                0.4    5.2        4.8         1.8           4.7      2.0        4.0       3.3        1
                                                                                                                Italy 1 United Kingdom      4.8         0.0
   19     Japan                0.2    3.1        4.2         3.9           3.6      2.6        6.0       3.4        12
                                                                                                                Japan France                4.5        –0.2
    9     Netherlands          5.9    5.3        6.1         2.6           7.2      3.6        5.1       5.1        13 Finland
                                                                                                                Netherlands                 4.4        –0.1
    1     New Zealand         17.4    8.6        3.9        20.1           6.8     37.4        3.8      14.0        14 Belgium
                                                                                                                New Zealand                 4.3         0.0
    4     Norway               6.1    3.3        5.6         5.9           7.5      4.0        5.6       5.4        15 Germany
                                                                                                                Norway                      4.1        –0.2
    6     Portugal             3.5    5.1        5.0         1.5           5.8     10.3        4.9       5.2        16 Austria
                                                                                                                Portugal                    3.9        –0.2
   22     South Korea          1.7    -1.7       4.6         0.9           2.3      2.4        6.8       2.4        17 Spain
                                                                                                                South Korea                 3.8        –0.1
   17     Spain                1.4    5.1        5.3         2.2           4.3      2.0        6.6       3.8        18
                                                                                                                Spain Switzerland           3.6        –0.2
   10     Sweden               7.1    5.1        5.2         5.7           5.4      0.8        4.6       4.9        19 Greece
                                                                                                                Sweden                      3.4        +0.2
   18     Switzerland          5.0    2.6        4.8         4.8           4.6      -1.8       4.8       3.6        19 Japan
                                                                                                                Switzerland                 3.4        –0.2
   11     United Kingdom       3.4    5.1        6.3         2.8           7.5      3.7        4.4       4.8        21 Kingdom
                                                                                                                United Italy                3.3        –0.2
    6     United States        3.1    7.3        5.3         5.1           2.5      7.7        5.0       5.2        22 States
                                                                                                                United South Korea          2.4

          Average              5.0     5.0          5.0         5.0           5.8      5.0         5.0        5.1
          Standard dev.        4.4     2.0          0.9         4.3           1.6      8.3         0.9        2.5

          Lowest               0.2    -1.7          2.8         0.9           2.3     -1.8         3.1        2.4
          Highest             17.4     8.6          6.3        20.1           8.2     37.4         6.8       14.0

          Weight              1.00    1.00         1.00        1.00          1.00     1.00        1.00



             New Zealand
                  Australia
                   Canada
                   Norway
                    Ireland
                  Denmark
                  Portugal
             United States
               Netherlands
                   Sweden
           United Kingdom
                    France
     France
     Finland
    Belgium
   Germany
     Austria
       Spain
 Switzerland
     Greece
      Japan
        Italy
South Korea
                0          2        4          6           8         10        12       14           16

                    Aid   Trade   Investment   Migration       Environment   Security   Technology
ear change,
methodology
                                           G
      Rank     Color threshholds:          r
           0   max for red          3.33
           0   min for green        6.67
           0
          +1   Standard mean:         5
          +2
           0
          +3
          +2
          –5
          –1
           0
           0
           0
           0
          –1
           0
           0
           0
          +2
           0
          –1
                                                                                                                                                One-year change,
Commitment to Development Index East Asia & Pacific 2007 (2008 methodology)                                        Standings                    latest methodology
                                                                                                       Overall
  Rank    Country             Aid    Trade   Investment   Migration   Environment Security Technology (Average)        Country         Score      Score
    2     Australia           17.9    8.4        5.7        11.5           4.4     19.6        5.1      10.4         1 New
                                                                                                                Australia Zealand       14.4         –0.2
   16     Austria              2.8    5.4        3.0         5.3           5.9      1.5        4.8       4.1         2 Australia
                                                                                                                Austria                 10.4         –0.3
   14     Belgium              4.7    5.4        5.0         2.7           6.7      1.8        4.1       4.3         3 Canada
                                                                                                                Belgium                   6.7        +0.4
    3     Canada               6.5    7.7        6.0        13.4           4.9      2.5        6.2       6.7         4 Netherlands
                                                                                                                Canada                    5.9        +0.7
    6     Denmark             11.3    5.4        4.6         5.2           4.8      2.6        5.3       5.6         5 Norway
                                                                                                                Denmark                   5.8        +0.1
   13     Finland              4.0    5.5        4.7         2.8           7.4      1.7        5.6       4.5         6 Denmark
                                                                                                                Finland                   5.6        +0.5
   12     France               3.9    5.5        5.0         3.9           6.1      2.1        6.1       4.7         7
                                                                                                                FranceIreland             5.4        +0.6
   14     Germany              4.9    5.4        6.3         4.2           6.1      -0.8       4.3       4.3         8 United States
                                                                                                                Germany                   5.2        +0.2
   21     Greece               0.6    5.5        4.0         1.6           5.8      2.4        2.8       3.2         9 Portugal
                                                                                                                Greece                    5.1        –0.1
    7     Ireland             11.7    5.4        2.9         5.4           7.7      1.8        3.1       5.4         9 Sweden
                                                                                                                Ireland                   5.1        +0.1
   20     Italy                1.1    5.6        4.8         1.8           4.3      2.0        4.8       3.5       11
                                                                                                                Italy United Kingdom      4.8         0.0
   19     Japan                1.8    3.3        4.6         4.8           2.0      2.5        6.2       3.6       12
                                                                                                                Japan France              4.7         0.0
    4     Netherlands         11.2    5.7        6.1         2.9           6.9      3.5        4.8       5.9       13 Finland
                                                                                                                Netherlands               4.5        +0.2
    1     New Zealand         17.9    8.4        3.0        22.9           6.6     37.4        4.7      14.4       14 Belgium
                                                                                                                New Zealand               4.3        +0.1
    5     Norway               8.3    3.9        5.7         5.9           7.5      3.9        5.1       5.8       14 Germany
                                                                                                                Norway                    4.3        +0.2
    9     Portugal             3.2    5.5        5.0         1.1           5.6     10.3        4.8       5.1       16 Austria
                                                                                                                Portugal                  4.1        +0.2
   17     Spain                2.8    5.5        5.3         2.4           3.6      2.0        5.7       3.9       17
                                                                                                                Spain Spain               3.9        +0.3
    9     Sweden               8.0    5.4        5.2         5.8           5.3      0.8        4.8       5.1       18 Switzerland
                                                                                                                Sweden                    3.8        –0.1
   18     Switzerland          6.1    3.3        5.1         4.3           4.6      -1.8       5.0       3.8       19 Japan
                                                                                                                Switzerland               3.6        +0.2
   11     United Kingdom       3.5    5.5        6.2         3.2           7.2      3.6        4.2       4.8       20 Kingdom
                                                                                                                UnitedItaly               3.5        –0.1
    8     United States        4.5    7.6        5.3         5.0           1.6      7.4        5.2       5.2       21 States
                                                                                                                UnitedGreece              3.2         0.0

          Average              6.5     5.7          4.9         5.5           5.5      5.1         4.9       5.4
          Standard dev.        4.9     1.3          1.0         4.8           1.6      8.4         0.9       2.5

          Lowest               0.6     3.3          2.9         1.1           1.6     -1.8         2.8      3.2
          Highest             17.9     8.4          6.3        22.9           7.7     37.4         6.2     14.4

          Weight              1.00    1.00         1.00        1.00          1.00     1.00       1.00



             New Zealand
                  Australia
                   Canada
               Netherlands
                   Norway
                  Denmark
                    Ireland
             United States
                  Portugal
                   Sweden
           United Kingdom
                    France
    France
    Finland
   Belgium
  Germany
    Austria
      Spain
Switzerland
     Japan
       Italy
    Greece
               0         2         4          6           8       10         12        14       16

                   Aid   Trade   Investment   Migration   Environment   Security   Technology
ear change,
methodology
                                           G
      Rank     Color threshholds:          r
           0   max for red          3.33
           0   min for green        6.67
           0
          +1   Standard mean:         5
          –1
          +1
          +3
           0
          –4
          –1
          –1
           0
           0
           0
          +1
           0
          +1
          –2
          +1
          –2
           0
Commitment to Development Index East Asia & Pacific 2006 (2008 methodology)                                        Standings
                                                                                                       Overall                                2005   Rank
  Rank    Country             Aid    Trade   Investment   Migration   Environment Security Technology (Average)        Country         Score rank     gain
    2     Australia           15.5    8.8        5.2        14.0           4.3     22.6        4.8      10.7         1 New
                                                                                                                Australia Zealand       14.6       2     1
   16     Austria              2.0    5.5        2.6         4.7           6.1      1.7        4.7       3.9         2 Australia
                                                                                                                Austria                 10.7       1    -1
   14     Belgium              3.2    5.4        5.2         2.4           6.7      2.0        4.6       4.2         3 Canada
                                                                                                                Belgium                   6.3      3     0
    3     Canada               4.0    7.5        5.9        12.7           5.2      2.7        6.4       6.3         4 Norway
                                                                                                                Canada                    5.7      4     0
    7     Denmark              7.4    5.4        4.2         5.5           4.7      2.7        5.6       5.1         5 Netherlands
                                                                                                                Denmark                   5.2      6     1
   13     Finland              2.8    5.6        4.4         2.6           6.7      1.8        6.3       4.3         5 Portugal
                                                                                                                Finland                   5.2      5     0
   12     France               3.8    5.5        4.6         4.0           6.0      2.2        6.9       4.7         7
                                                                                                                FranceDenmark             5.1    11      4
   15     Germany              3.9    5.5        5.4         4.4           6.0      -0.7       4.5       4.1         8 Sweden
                                                                                                                Germany                   5.0      7    -1
   21     Greece               0.8    5.5        3.3         1.5           5.8      2.5        3.3       3.2         8 United States
                                                                                                                Greece                    5.0      9     1
   10     Ireland              8.3    5.3        2.2         4.2           8.0      2.0        3.3       4.8       10 Ireland
                                                                                                                Ireland                   4.8      8    -2
   18     Italy                1.1    5.6        4.4         2.2           4.4      2.1        5.3       3.6       10
                                                                                                                Italy United Kingdom      4.8      9    -1
   20     Japan                1.2    3.3        4.4         4.8           1.6      2.2        6.4       3.4       12
                                                                                                                Japan France              4.7    11     -1
    5     Netherlands          6.9    5.6        6.0         2.1           7.1      3.6        5.3       5.2       13 Finland
                                                                                                                Netherlands               4.3    13      0
    1     New Zealand         12.8    8.3        3.3        24.4           6.7     41.7        4.9      14.6       14 Belgium
                                                                                                                New Zealand               4.2    16      2
    4     Norway               7.5    3.9        5.7         5.7           7.4      3.8        5.9       5.7       15 Germany
                                                                                                                Norway                    4.1    14     -1
    5     Portugal             2.6    5.6        4.7         1.1           5.8     11.6        5.2       5.2       16 Austria
                                                                                                                Portugal                  3.9    17      1
   18     Spain                1.3    5.5        5.0         1.6           3.8      2.1        6.1       3.6       16
                                                                                                                Spain Switzerland         3.9    14     -2
    8     Sweden               6.8    5.6        4.8         5.6           6.0      0.9        5.5       5.0       18 Spain
                                                                                                                Sweden                    3.6    18      0
   16     Switzerland          5.6    3.3        5.5         4.8           4.7      -1.8       5.1       3.9       18 Italy
                                                                                                                Switzerland               3.6    18      0
   10     United Kingdom       2.5    5.5        6.6         3.1           7.4      3.6        4.7       4.8       20 Kingdom
                                                                                                                UnitedJapan               3.4    21      1
    8     United States        3.7    7.6        5.2         4.4           1.5      7.1        5.3       5.0       21 States
                                                                                                                UnitedGreece              3.2    20     -1

          Average              4.9     5.7          4.7         5.5           5.5      5.5         5.2       5.3
          Standard dev.        3.8     1.4          1.1         5.3           1.7      9.5         0.9       2.6

          Lowest               0.8     3.3          2.2         1.1           1.5     -1.8         3.3      3.2
          Highest             15.5     8.8          6.6        24.4           8.0     41.7         6.9     14.6

          Weight              1.00    1.00         1.00        1.00          1.00     1.00       1.00



             New Zealand
                  Australia
                   Canada
                   Norway
               Netherlands
                  Portugal
                  Denmark
                   Sweden
             United States
                    Ireland
           United Kingdom
                    France
                   Finland
    Finland
   Belgium
  Germany
    Austria
Switzerland
      Spain
       Italy
     Japan
    Greece
               0         2         4          6           8       10         12        14       16

                   Aid   Trade   Investment   Migration   Environment   Security   Technology
                              Graphing
Color threshholds:          scale factor to
max for red          3.33                 1   1.82372753    1.1856524   0.47094801   3.48470955   0.95819184 5.95493118    0.70477773
min for green        6.67                 1    2.2117903   1.25852923   0.74006116    1.9966234   0.61879249 3.22418053    0.68739524
                                          1    0.5690114    1.0727368     0.836173   1.81769237   0.74192387 0.38339947    0.91490085
Standard mean:         5                  1   1.07601363   0.55743088   0.81695063    0.8109877   1.05827062 0.54750687    0.83761341
                                          1   0.99264347   0.80712569   0.85539537   0.29752295   1.01226589 0.51990442    0.75700189
                                          1   0.37081014   0.79506442   0.67278287   0.15023649   0.83456156 1.66152679    0.74318543
                                          1   1.06145463   0.77657574   0.60550459   0.78937603   0.67716375 0.38436283    0.80234167
                             0.977075533      0.96881854   0.79329226   0.68239406   0.80146013   0.85123598 0.13489443    0.77947132
                                          1   0.52650044   1.09014937   0.74967235   0.62733533   0.21936605 1.01755567    0.75032101
                                          1   1.19046057   0.76220394   0.31716907   0.60404146    1.1479685   0.2839571   0.47069292
                                          1    0.3545952   0.77942359   0.94189602   0.44200021    1.0516417 0.52120779    0.66791868
                                          1   0.54537036   0.78384302   0.66317169   0.57149236   0.86350001 0.31538274     0.9818766
                                          1   0.39702777   0.79399439   0.63433814   0.36482673   0.95489213 0.25764651    0.90122287
                                          1    0.4577863   0.77520685   0.74967235   0.34715864   0.96125881 0.28530873    0.66367155
                                          1   0.54477761   0.76219518   0.75126821   0.60878423   0.84111278 -0.09488712   0.63098204
                                          1   0.29200977   0.78040974   0.36522499   0.66853073   0.86608022 0.24216524    0.66500968
                                          1   0.74909305   0.44016677   0.73845986   0.63583472   0.63124038 -0.24438733    0.6839129
                                          1   0.18724727   0.78547423   0.72083879   0.23080799   0.53966289 0.30585651    0.86504657
                             0.936992588      0.15439756   0.79766057   0.63433814   0.30849834   0.63109072   0.3005145   0.75000484
                                          1   0.17803712   0.46850818   0.62472696   0.68513974    0.2253038 0.31122912    0.91277524
                                          1    0.1135264   0.77986494   0.47094801   0.21495951   0.82570526 0.35031604    0.47729591
Commitment to Development Index East Asia & Pacific 2005 (2008 methodology)                                        Standings
                                                                                                       Overall                                 2004 Rank
  Rank    Country             Aid    Trade   Investment   Migration   Environment Security Technology (Average)        Country          Score rank   gain
    1     Australia           15.6    8.7        5.0        13.3           4.4     24.7        5.1      11.0         1 Australia
                                                                                                                Australia                11.0      2    1
   17     Austria              2.0    5.6        2.3         4.6           5.9      1.8        4.9       3.9         2 New Zealand
                                                                                                                Austria                  10.9      1   -1
   16     Belgium              3.4    5.6        4.2         2.5           6.6      2.1        4.9       4.2         3 Canada
                                                                                                                Belgium                    6.4     4    1
    3     Canada               4.5    7.8        5.9        12.4           5.0      2.8        6.4       6.4         4 Norway
                                                                                                                Canada                     5.8     5    1
   11     Denmark              7.3    5.6        4.5         5.8           2.5      2.7        4.6       4.7         5 Portugal
                                                                                                                Denmark                    5.7     3   -2
   13     Finland              3.5    5.7        4.6         2.4           6.5      1.9        6.4       4.4         6 Netherlands
                                                                                                                Finland                    5.4     6    0
   11     France               4.0    5.6        4.8         3.9           5.9      2.3        6.7       4.7         7
                                                                                                                FranceSweden               5.3     8    1
   14     Germany              3.9    5.6        5.5         4.8           6.1      -0.6       4.7       4.3         8 Ireland
                                                                                                                Germany                    5.1    13    5
   20     Greece               0.8    5.6        3.0         1.5           5.5      2.5        3.5       3.2         9 United States
                                                                                                                Greece                     4.9     9    0
    8     Ireland             12.1    5.5        2.2         3.2           7.6      2.1        2.9       5.1         9 United Kingdom
                                                                                                                Ireland                    4.9    10    1
   18     Italy                0.3    5.7        5.5         1.8           4.6      2.2        5.3       3.6       11
                                                                                                                Italy France               4.7    11    0
   21     Japan                2.1    0.2        3.9         4.8           0.3      2.3        5.6       2.7       11
                                                                                                                Japan Denmark              4.7     7   -4
    6     Netherlands          8.0    5.8        5.4         2.5           6.9      3.7        5.5       5.4       13 Finland
                                                                                                                Netherlands                4.4    13    0
    2     New Zealand         12.0    9.5        3.0        24.1           6.6     15.9        4.9      10.9       14 Switzerland
                                                                                                                New Zealand                4.3    12   -2
    4     Norway               9.5    3.3        4.2         6.1           8.1      3.8        5.5       5.8       14 Germany
                                                                                                                Norway                     4.3    13   -1
    5     Portugal             4.7    5.7        4.6         1.0           5.8     12.9        5.3       5.7       16 Belgium
                                                                                                                Portugal                   4.2    17    1
   18     Spain                1.6    5.6        4.0         1.6           3.8      2.2        6.1       3.6       17
                                                                                                                Spain Austria              3.9    16   -1
    7     Sweden               6.2    5.7        4.4         7.1           6.9      1.1        5.8       5.3       18 Italy
                                                                                                                Sweden                     3.6    19    1
   14     Switzerland          7.1    5.7        4.0         5.4           4.6      -1.8       5.1       4.3       18 Spain
                                                                                                                Switzerland                3.6    20    2
    9     United Kingdom       3.6    5.6        6.1         3.0           7.3      3.6        5.2       4.9       20 Kingdom
                                                                                                                UnitedGreece               3.2    21    1
    9     United States        3.4    7.7        5.0         4.3           2.0      6.8        5.3       4.9       21 States
                                                                                                                UnitedJapan                2.7    18   -3

          Average              5.5     5.8          4.4         5.5           5.4      4.5         5.2       5.2
          Standard dev.        4.0     1.8          1.1         5.2           1.9      6.0         0.9       2.1

          Lowest               0.3     0.2          2.2         1.0           0.3     -1.8         2.9       2.7
          Highest             15.6     9.5          6.1        24.1           8.1     24.7         6.7      11.0

          Weight              1.00    1.00         1.00        1.00          1.00     1.00        1.00




                  Australia
             New Zealand
                   Canada
                   Norway
                  Portugal
               Netherlands
                   Sweden
                    Ireland
             United States
           United Kingdom
                    France
                  Denmark
  Denmark
    Finland
Switzerland
  Germany
   Belgium
    Austria
       Italy
      Spain
    Greece
     Japan
               0             2            4               6             8               10          12

                   Aid   Trade   Investment   Migration   Environment       Security   Technology
                            G
Color threshholds:          r
max for red          3.33
min for green        6.67

Standard mean:         5
Commitment to Development Index East Asia & Pacific 2004 (2008 methodology)                                           Standings
                                                                                                         Overall                                  2003   Rank
  Rank    Country             Aid    Trade   Investment   Migration   Environment Security Technology   (Average)          Country         Score rank     gain
    2     Australia           15.1    8.5        5.3        12.4           4.3     26.4        5.0        11.0           1 New
                                                                                                                    Australia Zealand       11.3       1     0
   16     Austria              2.0    4.2        3.0         4.5           6.0      1.9        5.0         3.8           2 Australia
                                                                                                                    Austria                 11.0       2     0
   17     Belgium              3.3    4.2        2.7         2.4           6.3      2.2        4.9         3.7           3 Portugal
                                                                                                                    Belgium                   6.6      5     2
    4     Canada               3.2    6.9        5.7        13.7           3.8      2.8        6.3         6.1           4 Canada
                                                                                                                    Canada                    6.1      4     0
    7     Denmark              9.2    4.2        3.4         6.1           6.6      2.8        4.5         5.3           5 Norway
                                                                                                                    Denmark                   5.7      3    -2
   13     Finland              3.2    4.3        3.8         2.6           6.1      2.0        6.4         4.0           6 Netherlands
                                                                                                                    Finland                   5.4      5    -1
   11     France               3.6    4.2        4.4         3.1           5.8      2.3        6.7         4.3           7
                                                                                                                    FranceDenmark             5.3      7     0
   13     Germany              3.9    4.2        5.2         4.7           6.0      -0.6       4.6         4.0           8 Sweden
                                                                                                                    Germany                   5.1      8     0
   21     Greece               0.7    4.2        3.0         1.3           5.2      2.5        3.4         2.9           9 United States
                                                                                                                    Greece                    4.7    11      2
   13     Ireland              6.1    4.1        2.2         3.2           7.3      2.2        2.8         4.0         10 United Kingdom
                                                                                                                    Ireland                   4.5      9    -1
   19     Italy                0.2    4.3        5.0         1.8           4.4      2.2        5.4         3.3         11
                                                                                                                    Italy France              4.3    12      1
   18     Japan                7.5    -0.3       3.6         4.4           0.5      2.4        5.6         3.4         12
                                                                                                                    Japan Switzerland         4.1    12      0
    6     Netherlands          9.6    4.4        5.2         2.8           6.7      3.8        5.5         5.4         13 Finland
                                                                                                                    Netherlands               4.0    16      3
    1     New Zealand         11.0    9.4        2.4        27.0           6.9     17.7        4.9        11.3         13 Germany
                                                                                                                    New Zealand               4.0    17      4
    5     Norway              10.0    3.2        4.2         6.1           7.1      3.7        5.4         5.7         13 Ireland
                                                                                                                    Norway                    4.0      9    -4
    3     Portugal            11.4    4.3        4.6         1.0           5.8     13.5        5.5         6.6         16 Austria
                                                                                                                    Portugal                  3.8    14     -2
   20     Spain                2.0    4.2        3.0         1.6           3.5      2.3        5.9         3.2         17
                                                                                                                    Spain Belgium             3.7    14     -3
    8     Sweden               7.1    4.3        2.8         7.1           7.6      1.2        5.5         5.1         18 Japan
                                                                                                                    Sweden                    3.4    18      0
   12     Switzerland          5.3    5.5        3.7         6.0           5.0      -1.8       5.1         4.1         19 Italy
                                                                                                                    Switzerland               3.3    20      1
   10     United Kingdom       2.7    4.2        5.7         2.8           7.2      3.6        5.2         4.5         20 Kingdom
                                                                                                                    UnitedSpain               3.2    18     -2
    9     United States        3.8    6.6        5.2         4.7           1.0      6.5        5.0         4.7         21 States
                                                                                                                    UnitedGreece              2.9    21      0

          Average              5.8     4.7          4.0         5.7           5.4      4.7        5.2         5.1
          Standard dev.        3.9     1.9          1.1         5.8           1.9      6.4        0.9         2.2

          Lowest               0.2    -0.3          2.2         1.0           0.5     -1.8        2.8         2.9
          Highest             15.1     9.4          5.7        27.0           7.6     26.4        6.7        11.3

          Weight              1.00    1.00         1.00        1.00          1.00     1.00       1.00




             New Zealand
                  Australia
                  Portugal
                   Canada
                   Norway
               Netherlands
                  Denmark
                   Sweden
             United States
           United Kingdom
                    France
               Switzerland
Switzerland
    Finland
  Germany
    Ireland
    Austria
   Belgium
     Japan
       Italy
      Spain
    Greece
               0             2            4               6             8               10          12

                   Aid   Trade   Investment   Migration   Environment       Security   Technology
                              Graphing
Color threshholds:          scale factor to
max for red          3.33                 1   1.56710887 1.33584469    0.34600262   3.86333184
min for green        6.67                 1   2.15244721 1.21037096    0.75928353   1.77843089
                                          1   1.63366873 0.61608019    0.65356051   0.14804754
Standard mean:         5                  1   0.45277852 0.98269392    0.81695063   1.95688143
                                          1   1.43516996 0.45288051     0.5958934   0.87619424
                                          1   1.37638459 0.63194783    0.74006116   0.39435492
                                          1   1.30905394 0.59883156    0.49017038   0.86517973
                                0.9796196     1.01756232 0.60927783    0.40366972   1.01479036
                                          1   0.54200204 0.93767633    0.74006116   0.66803233
                                          1   0.38895959 0.59931068    0.81695063   0.39638659
                                          1   0.51671913 0.60013539    0.63433814   0.44507123
                              0.98911176      0.71794289 0.74340947    0.49696714    0.8059239
                                          1   0.45083747 0.61198254     0.5382263   0.36966432
                                          1   0.55014245 0.58358606    0.73439372   0.65538492
                                          1   0.87621197 0.58533235    0.31716907   0.45002373
                                          1    0.2833316 0.60315904    0.42289209   0.64451548
                                          1   0.46533273 0.59693305    0.38444736   0.34121154
                                          1   1.05765117 -0.03684674   0.50384636   0.62843857
                             0.940130405      0.02921072 0.61344194    0.71122761   0.25040518
                                          1   0.29097051 0.59890117    0.42289209   0.22195679
                                          1   0.10685954 0.59882896    0.43250328   0.18695149
Commitment to Development Index East Asia & Pacific 2003 (2008 methodology)                                       Standings
                                                                                                      Overall
  Rank    Country           Aid     Trade   Investment   Migration   Environment Security Technology (Average)        Country          Score
    2     Australia         18.0     8.4        5.3        14.6           4.5      8.7        5.1       9.2         1 New
                                                                                                               Australia Zealand        12.7
   14     Austria            5.5     4.2        3.0         3.5           5.2      2.0        4.9       4.0         2 Australia
                                                                                                               Austria                    9.2
   14     Belgium            6.7     4.2        2.7         2.6           4.9      2.2        4.7       4.0         3 Norway
                                                                                                               Belgium                    6.2
    4     Canada             2.4     6.8        5.7        13.9           3.9      2.9        6.4       6.0         4 Canada
                                                                                                               Canada                     6.0
    7     Denmark           11.3     4.3        3.4         6.1           4.8      2.8        4.6       5.3         5 Portugal
                                                                                                               Denmark                    5.5
   16     Finland            3.7     4.1        3.8         2.7           4.3      2.0        6.4       3.9         5 Netherlands
                                                                                                               Finland                    5.5
   12     France             3.4     4.2        4.4         3.6           4.5      2.3        6.6       4.2         7
                                                                                                               FranceDenmark              5.3
   17     Germany            4.1     4.2        5.2         4.4           4.6      -0.6       4.5       3.8         8 Sweden
                                                                                                               Germany                    5.1
   21     Greece             1.0     4.3        3.0         1.3           4.0      2.5        3.5       2.8         9 Ireland
                                                                                                               Greece                     4.5
    9     Ireland            8.3     4.1        2.2         5.8           6.1      2.3        2.9       4.5         9 United Kingdom
                                                                                                               Ireland                    4.5
   20     Italy              0.9     4.4        5.0         1.9           2.7      2.3        5.3       3.2       11
                                                                                                               Italy United States        4.4
   18     Japan              7.5     -0.3       3.6         4.8          -0.1      2.4        5.4       3.3       12
                                                                                                               Japan Switzerland          4.2
    5     Netherlands       11.2     4.5        5.2         2.5           5.5      3.8        5.5       5.5       12 France
                                                                                                               Netherlands                4.2
    1     New Zealand       20.4     9.4        2.4        25.7           6.9     19.5        4.9      12.7       14 Austria
                                                                                                               New Zealand                4.0
    3     Norway            15.0     3.0        4.2         6.3           5.9      3.6        5.2       6.2       14 Belgium
                                                                                                               Norway                     4.0
    5     Portugal           7.4     4.3        4.6         1.0           3.9     12.4        5.2       5.5       16 Finland
                                                                                                               Portugal                   3.9
   18     Spain              3.8     4.3        3.0         2.0           2.5      2.3        5.4       3.3       17
                                                                                                               Spain Germany              3.8
    8     Sweden             8.0     4.1        2.8         7.2           6.5      1.3        5.5       5.1       18 Japan
                                                                                                               Sweden                     3.3
   12     Switzerland        7.0     5.5        3.7         4.7           5.9      -2.0       4.9       4.2       18 Spain
                                                                                                               Switzerland                3.3
    9     United Kingdom     4.2     4.2        5.7         2.9           6.0      3.6        4.8       4.5       20 Kingdom
                                                                                                               UnitedItaly                3.2
   11     United States      3.3     6.4        5.2         4.5           0.4      6.1        4.9       4.4       21 States
                                                                                                               UnitedGreece               2.8

          Average             7.3     4.7          4.0         5.8           4.4      3.9         5.1       5.0
          Standard dev.       5.2     1.9          1.1         5.7           1.8      4.5         0.8       2.2

          Lowest             0.9     -0.3          2.2         1.0           -0.1    -2.0         2.9       2.8
          Highest           20.4      9.4          5.7        25.7            6.9    19.5         6.6      12.7

          Weight            1.00     1.00         1.00        1.00          1.00     1.00        1.00




      New Zealand
           Australia
            Norway
            Canada
           Portugal
        Netherlands
           Denmark
            Sweden
             Ireland
    United Kingdom
      United States
        Switzerland
Switzerland
    France
    Austria
   Belgium
    Finland
  Germany
     Japan
      Spain
       Italy
    Greece
               0           2          4           6           8           10          12        14

                   Aid   Trade   Investment   Migration   Environment   Security   Technology
                             Graphing
Color threshholds:          scale factor
max for red          3.33              1   2.910294 1.338191    0.346003   3.674597 0.990064   2.77993    0.70556
min for green        6.67              1   2.573342 1.203956    0.759284   2.083507 0.645201 1.242973    0.724101
                                       1   2.144039 0.425554    0.595893    0.89772 0.840286 0.510295    0.738529
Standard mean:         5               1    0.34426   0.96676   0.816951    1.99179 0.562906 0.411771    0.913282
                                       1   1.053367   0.60876   0.653561   0.147397 0.551689 1.765627    0.747428
                                       1   1.598081 0.636281    0.740061   0.359192 0.787995 0.539306    0.789834
                                       1   1.613182 0.609865     0.49017   0.870178 0.682855 0.399895    0.659889
                             0.9793931      1.14351 0.586622     0.40367   1.034724 0.932876 0.182506    0.781306
                                       1   1.184522 0.588889    0.317169   0.832952 0.867856 0.328352     0.41449
                                       1   0.600807 0.593919    0.816951   0.410909 0.850501 0.511987    0.684055
                                       1   0.474095 0.918996    0.740061   0.647252 0.054971 0.867937    0.694726
                             0.9869696     0.936729 0.733888     0.49595    0.62333 0.791659 -0.262212   0.661739
                                       1   0.481631 0.606735    0.634338   0.512503 0.648059 0.335189    0.949027
                                       1   0.781046 0.597421    0.422892   0.496706 0.749941 0.286652    0.705569
                                       1   0.956908 0.602519    0.384447   0.370342 0.694116 0.318828    0.673516
                                       1   0.534129 0.582581    0.538226   0.383206 0.616878 0.290939    0.910574
                                       1    0.57785 0.590934    0.734224   0.613646 0.643831 -0.07824    0.636321
                                       1   1.059135 -0.036106   0.502755   0.674375 -0.007349 0.332077   0.766614
                             0.9382056     0.536161 0.610808    0.422892    0.28118 0.360338 0.331757    0.771334
                                       1   0.131856 0.622362    0.711228   0.264519 0.389719 0.324405    0.763851
                                       1   0.139565 0.607372    0.432503   0.188718 0.570275 0.358111    0.500594
Aid                2008
Data year: 2006                                                                          Average bilateral quality discount:




                                    Net aid,       Net aid,                      Bilateral    Multilateral
Donor name           Gross aid     multilateral    bilateral    Net aid, total adjusted aid adjusted aid
Australia                 1,254              194         1,060          1,254            340               7
Austria                      383             363             20            383              6            13
Belgium                      614             553             53            607             17            19
Canada                       604             423           162             584             51            15
Denmark                      661             525           125             650             58            17
Finland                      334             289             43            333             13            10
France                    3,269            2,598           388          2,985            159             87
Germany                   3,997            2,958           519          3,477              94           101
Greece                       218             216              2            218              1              6
Ireland                      337             308             29            337             15            10
Italy                     1,511            1,446            -57         1,389             -21            42
Japan                     7,539            2,888           133          3,021           -192            183
Netherlands               1,067              785           187             972             93            21
New Zealand                  170              23           146             170             57              1
Norway                       547             455             92            547             30            14
Portugal                     200             158             42            200             17              7
South Korea                  139              41             75            117             33            11
Spain                     1,359            1,246             51         1,297              14            36
Sweden                       871             695           176             871             77            26
Switzerland                  317             256             56            312             17            11
United Kingdom            3,218            2,891           276          3,166            128            117
United States             2,121            1,171           772          1,943            290             68

2003 CDI Average


Quality-adjusted aid by donor, bilateral and multilateral

Donor name           Gross aid   Amortization      Interest       Net aid       Tying cost     Selectivity
Australia               1,518.90         0.00             0.00     1,518.90           14.87            0.53
Austria                   339.51         4.47             0.71       334.33           16.43            0.52
Belgium                   997.10        37.94             3.06       956.10           14.03            0.58
Canada                  2,328.38        41.97             0.00     2,286.41          145.31            0.55
Denmark                 1,396.89        46.36             8.64     1,341.89           16.05            0.67
Finland                   457.99         3.30             0.00       454.69             9.54           0.60
France                  5,483.80    1,211.70           472.85      3,799.25           68.41            0.61
Germany                 5,614.74    1,322.29           271.67      4,020.78          141.22            0.55
Greece                    189.35         0.00             0.00       189.35           12.04            0.45
Ireland                   632.29         0.00             0.00       632.29             0.00           0.67
Italy                     974.56       361.45             0.00       613.11           42.39            0.50
Japan                   9,771.70    5,386.69         2,126.82      2,258.19          134.65            0.63
Netherlands             4,121.04       132.81            34.36     3,953.87           31.15            0.67
New Zealand               202.82         0.00             0.00       202.82             3.35           0.59
Norway                  2,197.57         0.00             0.00     2,197.57             0.90           0.56
Portugal                   217.33            6.04            1.18          210.11        4.45           0.64
South Korea                401.39           25.31           18.95          357.13        0.00           0.46
Spain                    1,889.03          276.82            0.00        1,612.21      114.22           0.50
Sweden                   2,559.55            0.00            0.00        2,559.55        4.44           0.61
Switzerland              1,166.74           10.65            0.00        1,156.09       10.04           0.61
United Kingdom           6,717.38          548.84            0.00        6,168.54        0.00           0.56
United States           20,346.73          869.55          322.10       19,155.08     1911.73           0.34
AfDF                     1,030.84          145.00          756.92          128.92        0.00           1.41
Arab Agencies              680.21          240.52            0.00          439.69        0.00           0.62
Arab Countries           2,921.40          465.98            0.00        2,455.42        0.00           0.46
AsDF                     1,488.31          468.45          203.64          816.22        0.00           0.53
CarDB                       47.38           15.54            9.67           22.17        0.00           0.53
Czech Republic              62.97            0.00            0.00           62.97        0.00           0.42
EBRD                        11.06            0.00            0.00           11.06        0.00           0.59
EC                       9,921.71          432.63          106.80        9,382.28        0.00           0.54
GEF                        190.10            0.00            0.00          190.10        0.00           0.55
GFATM                    1,251.62            0.00            0.00        1,251.62        0.00           0.61
Hungary                     84.34            0.00            0.00           84.34        0.00           0.11
Iceland                     27.68            0.00            0.00           27.68        0.00           0.62
IDA                      8,039.47        2,064.91          869.42        5,105.14        0.00           0.65
IDB Sp.Fund                513.82          297.75          153.85           62.22        0.00           0.55
IFAD                       348.45          122.18           39.31          186.96        0.00           0.66
Luxembourg                 204.88            0.00            0.00          204.88        0.00           0.67
Montreal Protocol           81.11            0.00            0.00           81.11        0.00           0.52
Nordic Dev.Fund             73.16            5.19            3.57           64.40        0.00           0.69
Other Donors               612.10            0.00            0.00          612.10        0.00           0.52
Poland                     121.70            2.71            0.00          118.99        0.00           0.38
SAF+ESAF(IMF)              743.99          756.44            0.00          -12.45        0.00
Slovak Republic             24.75            0.00            0.00           24.75        0.00           0.37
Thailand                    64.68            0.00            0.00           64.68        0.00           0.55
Turkey                     592.55            0.00            0.00          592.55        0.00           0.39
UNDP                       436.51            0.00            0.00          436.51        0.00           0.58
UNFPA                      388.29            0.00            0.00          388.29        0.00           0.53
UNHCR                      289.38            0.00            0.00          289.38        0.00           0.50
UNICEF                     740.05            0.00            0.00          740.05        0.00           0.57
UNRWA                      599.91            0.00            0.00          599.91        0.00           0.42
UNTA                       370.65            0.00            0.00          370.65        0.00           0.50
WFP                        473.48            0.00            0.00          473.48        0.00           0.56


Charitable contributions to developing countries attributable to public policy




                       Individual      Marginal       Individual   Low cap on                    Increase in
                      income tax     income tax      income tax deduction or                     giving with
Country               deduction?     rate, 20061        credit?      credit?    Tax incentive2    incentive
Australia                      Yes          43.5%             0.0%           No        43.5%           33.0%
Austria                       No          37.5%          0.0%              No          0.0%           0.0%
Belgium                      Yes          45.1%          0.0%              No         45.1%          35.0%
Canada                        No          35.4%         29.0%              No         29.0%          18.7%
Denmark                      Yes          55.0%          0.0%             Yes         27.5%          17.4%
Finland                       No          42.1%          0.0%              No          0.0%           0.0%
France                        No          30.1%         66.0%              No         66.0%          71.5%
Germany                      Yes          44.3%          0.0%              No         44.3%          34.0%
Greece                       Yes          33.6%          0.0%              No         28.6%          18.3%
Ireland                      Yes          42.0%          0.0%              No         42.0%          31.3%
Italy                         No          36.4%         19.0%              No         19.0%          11.1%
Japan                        Yes          23.8%          0.0%              No         23.8%          14.6%
Netherlands                  Yes          52.0%          0.0%              No         52.0%          44.3%
New Zealand                   No          39.0%         33.3%              No         33.3%          22.5%
Norway                       Yes          37.0%          0.0%             Yes         18.5%          10.8%
Portugal                      No          18.1%         25.0%              No         25.0%          15.5%
South Korea                  Yes          17.3%          0.0%              No         17.3%          10.0%
Spain                         No          37.0%         25.0%              No         25.0%          15.5%
Sweden                        No          56.6%          0.0%              No          0.0%           0.0%
Switzerland                  Yes          27.0%          0.0%              No         27.0%          17.0%
United Kingdom               Yes          40.0%         20.0%              No         40.0%          29.1%
United States                Yes          31.3%          0.0%              No         31.3%          20.6%

1
 Marginal income tax rate for single individual at 167% income level of the average production worker. 2Uniquely, Greece gives
imposes a low tax (10%) on contributions above the threshold. The tax incentive is therefore computed as the average of the be
available year. "Tax Revenue as a % of GDP" data is for 2005 for Australia and Japan.
Source: OECD Tax Database (www.oecd.org/ctp/taxdatabase), Table I.1; OECD Revenue Statistics (www.sourceoecd.org),
Comparative tables Volumes 2007, release 01.
ge bilateral quality discount: 71%


                                                                                                 Quality-
                Quality-                                     Adjusted/Net                 Charit adjusted Adjusted
              adjusted aid,                   Adjusted         aid ("aid                   able charitable charitable
                  total           GNI         aid/GNI          quality")   Net aid/GDP    giving giving giving/GNI
                        347         719,553        0.05%              28%         0.17%     301         86   0.012%
                         19         319,586        0.01%                5%        0.12%       22         6   0.002%
                         36         395,971        0.01%                6%        0.15%       91        26   0.007%
                         65       1,253,807        0.01%              11%         0.05%     452       129    0.010%
                         75         280,148        0.03%              12%         0.23%       15         4   0.002%
                         23         210,778        0.01%                7%        0.16%        4         1   0.001%
                        245       2,266,600        0.01%                8%        0.13%     140         40   0.002%
                        195       2,930,802        0.01%                6%        0.12%     616       176    0.006%
                          7         245,109        0.00%                3%        0.09%        4         1   0.001%
                         24         188,888        0.01%                7%        0.18%     163         47   0.025%
                         21       1,846,855        0.00%                2%        0.08%       32         9   0.000%
                         -9       4,486,031        0.00%                0%        0.07%     146         42   0.001%
                        114         676,089        0.02%              12%         0.14%     128         37   0.005%
                         58          96,551        0.06%              34%         0.18%       19         6   0.006%
                         44         332,681        0.01%                8%        0.16%     109         31   0.009%
                         24         187,162        0.01%              12%         0.11%        1         0   0.000%
                         44         887,339        0.00%              37%         0.01%       43        12   0.001%
                         50       1,210,298        0.00%                4%        0.11%       48        14   0.001%
                        102         385,922        0.03%              12%         0.23%        0         0   0.000%
                         29         421,081        0.01%                9%        0.07%     174         50   0.012%
                        246       2,423,548        0.01%                8%        0.13%     228         65   0.003%
                        358      13,259,900        0.00%              18%         0.01%   4,214     1,206    0.009%




                              Quality-         Adjusted
               Size weight  adjusted aid      aid/Net aid
                       0.54        512.98             0.34
                       0.56         99.82             0.30
                       0.64        382.98             0.40
                       0.72        977.34             0.43
                       0.83        793.66             0.59
                       0.67        207.88             0.46
                       0.82     1,807.47              0.48
                       0.54     1,083.89              0.27
                       0.78         79.04             0.42
                       0.79        367.38             0.58
                       0.55        130.51             0.21
                       0.59        251.57             0.11
                       0.77     2,191.64              0.55
                       0.62         79.03             0.39
                       0.64        945.96             0.43
          0.58           84.51          0.40
          0.75          134.37          0.38
          0.73          577.96          0.36
          0.74        1,309.90          0.51
          0.57          443.90          0.38
          0.84        3,534.96          0.57
          0.74        6,316.48          0.33
          0.93          185.20          1.44
          0.78          209.65          0.48
          0.71          797.05          0.32
          0.95          497.55          0.61
          0.67            7.48          0.34
          0.77           24.68          0.39
          0.80            5.28          0.48
          0.84        4,988.95          0.53
          0.73           77.21          0.41
          0.92          702.21          0.56
          0.83            7.88          0.09
          0.77           13.32          0.48
          0.91        3,307.90          0.65
          0.89           55.60          0.89
          0.93          127.83          0.68
          0.78          116.61          0.57
          0.65           27.17          0.34
          0.77           33.73          0.52
          0.75          238.74          0.39
          0.80           36.82          0.31
          0.79           -6.53          0.52
          0.79            7.19          0.29
          0.70           24.69          0.38
          0.76          229.51          0.39
          0.57          144.70          0.33
          0.50          102.45          0.26
          0.78          112.30          0.39
          0.79          329.53          0.45
          0.70          176.95          0.29
          0.76          141.15          0.38
          0.77          204.24          0.43


Price elasticity of giving              -0.5
Income elasticity of giving              1.1


                                                                          Givin
                                                                            g
                 % increase in                                            attrib
  Total tax          giving                     Current       Giving in   uted
 revenue as       because of                   Giving --     absence of to tax
percentage of       smaller      Combined      Grants by    favorable tax polici
 GDP, 2006       government       increase      NGOs3          policies    es
       31.6%             47.3%         96.0%          615             314   301
                     41.9%           23.0%          23.0%            119              96    22
                     44.8%           16.3%          57.0%            251             160    91
                     33.4%           43.1%          69.8%          1,100             648   452
                     49.0%            6.8%          25.4%             73              58    15
                     43.5%           19.5%          19.5%             25              21     4
                     44.5%           17.0%         100.7%            280             140   140
                     35.7%           37.5%          84.3%          1,348             731   616
                     27.4%           57.2%          86.1%             10               5     4
                     31.7%           47.0%          93.0%            339             175   163
                     42.7%           21.2%          34.7%            123              91    32
                     25.3%           62.3%          85.9%            315             170   146
                     39.5%           28.7%          85.8%            277             149   128
                     36.5%           35.7%          66.1%             48              29    19
                     43.6%           19.1%          31.9%            452             342   109
                     35.4%           38.3%          59.6%              4               2     1
                     26.8%           58.8%          74.6%            101              58    43
                     36.7%           35.2%          56.2%            133              85    48
                     50.1%            4.2%           4.2%             12              12     0
                     30.1%           50.9%          76.6%            402             228   174
                     37.4%           33.6%          72.4%            543             315   228
                     28.2%           55.3%          87.4%          9,037           4,823 4,214

rker. 2Uniquely, Greece gives full deductibility up to a certain amount (2950 euros) and
puted as the average of the below- and above-threshold incentives. 3Data for latest


ics (www.sourceoecd.org),
Adjusted
(aid+char
  itable
giving)/G
    NI      Score
    0.06%      16.1
    0.01%       2.1
    0.02%       4.2
    0.02%       4.1
    0.03%       7.6
    0.01%       3.0
    0.01%       3.4
    0.01%       3.4
    0.00%       0.9
    0.04%      10.0
    0.00%       0.4
    0.00%       0.2
    0.02%       5.9
    0.07%      17.4
    0.02%       6.1
    0.01%       3.5
    0.01%       1.7
    0.01%       1.4
    0.03%       7.1
    0.02%       5.0
    0.01%       3.4
    0.01%       3.1

   0.02%
Aid                2007
Data year: 2005                                                               Average bilateral quality discount:



                                                                                                     Quality-
                                  Net aid,    Net aid,                   Bilateral    Multilateral adjusted aid,
Donor name          Gross aid    multilateral bilateral Net aid, total adjusted aid adjusted aid       total
Australia                1,032            129       903         1,032           289               5          294
Austria                    314            294         20          314               8           14            22
Belgium                    654            596         43          640            13             19            32
Canada                     536            319       211           531           107             10           117
Denmark                    674            511       153           664            83             21           104
Finland                    309            254         54          308            21               7           29
France                   2,786          2,254       439         2,692           162             93           255
Germany                  3,357          2,403       583         2,986           141            101           242
Greece                     172            170          1          172               1             5            5
Ireland                    213            190         23          213            12               5           17
Italy                    2,153          2,086        -17        2,069              -6           69            63
Japan                    6,747          1,448     2,047         3,495           222             46           268
Netherlands              1,290            980       305         1,285           158             29           187
New Zealand                156             19       137           156            55               1           55
Norway                     568            456       112           568            41             12            53
Portugal                   189            148         41          189            16               4           21
Spain                    1,135          1,000         83        1,083            31             66            97
Sweden                     996            819       177           996            75             31           107
Switzerland                317            235         79          314            21             16            37
United Kingdom           2,431          2,119       215         2,333           114             67           182
United States            2,286          1,193     1,040         2,233           366            118           485

2003 CDI Average


Quality-adjusted aid by donor, bilateral and multilateral



Donor name          Gross aid Amortization     Interest     Net aid    Tying cost Selectivity Size weight
Australia               903.35        0.00          0.00       903.35       30.29        0.58        0.52
Austria                  20.21        0.00          0.00         20.21        2.25       0.52        0.63
Belgium                  57.56       14.30          0.01         43.25        0.66       0.62        0.50
Canada                  217.10        5.62          0.01       211.47         7.98       0.57        0.68
Denmark                 162.95        9.85          0.15       152.95         1.26       0.60        0.81
Finland                  54.37        0.34          0.02         54.01        1.77       0.59        0.60
France                  532.01       93.17          0.00       438.84       24.03        0.61        0.61
Germany                 953.51     301.87          68.19       583.45       33.28        0.55        0.49
Greece                    1.49        0.00          0.00          1.49        0.04       0.62        0.52
Ireland                  22.58        0.00          0.00         22.58        0.00       0.63        0.65
Italy                    67.49       84.42          0.00        -16.93        0.32                   0.42
Japan                 5,299.45   2,552.98         699.36     2,047.11      114.46        0.57        0.43
Netherlands             309.38        3.84          0.67       304.87         8.85       0.57        0.75
New Zealand             136.78        0.00          0.00       136.78         2.18       0.62        0.60
Norway                    111.70           0.00        0.00         111.70         0.00      0.56            0.53
Portugal                   40.94           0.00        0.00          40.94         0.49      0.66            0.57
Spain                     134.48          51.49        0.00          82.99         7.31      0.55            0.57
Sweden                    176.65           0.00        0.00         176.65         2.52      0.59            0.58
Switzerland                82.43           3.21        0.00          79.22         0.25      0.60            0.37
United Kingdom            312.48          97.68        0.00         214.80         0.00      0.61            0.74
United States           1,092.66          36.85       15.91       1,039.90       124.69      0.58            0.55
Arab Agencies              11.71          11.89        0.00          -0.18         0.00      1.31            0.68
Arab Countries            106.43          34.68        0.00          71.75         0.00      0.58            0.53
AsDF                      506.86          92.49       59.85         354.52         0.00      0.63            0.98
Czech Republic              7.00           0.00        0.00           7.00         0.00      0.76            0.58
EC                        461.61           5.29        0.89         455.43         0.00      0.57            0.83
GEF                        33.78           0.00        0.00          33.78         0.00      0.52            0.54
GFATM                     127.58           0.00        0.00         127.58         0.00      0.54            0.99
Hungary                     1.76           0.00        0.00           1.76         0.00      0.61            0.70
IDA                       647.67         286.49      133.42         227.76         0.00      0.81            0.94
IFAD                       49.59          15.63        6.17          27.79         0.00      0.61            0.96
Luxembourg                 24.13           0.00        0.00          24.13         0.04      0.59            0.51

Montreal Protocol           3.82           0.00        0.00           3.82         0.00      0.55            0.58
Nordic Dev.Fund             6.37           1.46        1.27           3.64         0.00      0.75            0.61
Other Donors                2.83           0.00        0.00           2.83         0.00      0.52            0.57
Poland                      6.98           0.00        0.00           6.98         0.00      0.52            0.52
SAF+ESAF(IMF)               0.62          74.30        0.00         -73.68         0.00
Slovak Republic             0.82           0.00        0.00           0.82         0.00      0.86            0.55
South Korea               107.33          10.67       10.57          86.09         0.00      0.57            0.62
Turkey                     48.25           0.00        0.00          48.25         0.00      0.71            0.62
UNDP                       49.45           0.00        0.00          49.45         0.00      0.55            0.50
UNFPA                      45.51           0.00        0.00          45.51         0.00      0.56            0.46
UNHCR                      16.90           0.00        0.00          16.90         0.00      0.51            0.57
UNICEF                     48.78           0.00        0.00          48.78         0.00      0.54            0.60
UNTA                       93.69           0.00        0.00          93.69         0.00      0.60            0.60
WFP                        28.19           0.00        0.00          28.19         0.00      0.50            0.60




Charitable contributions to developing countries attributable to public policy                      Price elasticity of giving
                                                                                                    Income elasticity of giving

                                                                                                   Total tax
                                                                                                  revenue as
                      Individual  Marginal   Individual       Low cap on              Increase in percentage
                     income tax income tax    income          deduction or    Tax     giving with   of GDP,
Country              deduction? rate, 20051 tax credit?         credit?    incentive2  incentive     2005
Australia*                    Yes     48.5%       0.0%                  No     48.5%        39.3%       31.6%
Austria                        No     37.5%       0.0%                  No       0.0%        0.0%       41.9%
Belgium                       Yes     45.1%       0.0%                  No     45.1%        35.0%       45.4%
Canada                       No        33.0%      29.0%             No        29.0%         18.7%        33.5%
Denmark                     Yes        55.0%       0.0%            Yes        27.5%         17.4%        49.7%
Finland                      No        43.2%       0.0%             No         0.0%          0.0%        44.5%
France                       No        30.1%      66.0%             No        66.0%         71.5%        44.3%
Germany                     Yes        44.3%       0.0%             No        44.3%         34.0%        34.7%
Greece*                     Yes        33.6%       0.0%             No        28.6%         18.3%        35.7%
Ireland                     Yes        42.0%       0.0%             No        42.0%         31.3%        30.5%
Italy                        No        36.4%      19.0%             No        19.0%         11.1%        41.0%
Japan*                      Yes        22.1%       0.0%             No        22.1%         13.3%        25.3%
Netherlands*                Yes        52.0%       0.0%             No        52.0%         44.3%        38.8%
New Zealand                  No        39.0%      33.3%            Yes        16.7%          9.5%        34.9%
Norway                      Yes        40.0%       0.0%            Yes        20.0%         11.8%        45.0%
Portugal*                    No        34.0%      25.0%             No        25.0%         15.5%        37.1%
Spain                        No        37.0%      25.0%             No        25.0%         15.5%        35.8%
Sweden                       No        56.6%       0.0%             No         0.0%          0.0%        51.1%
Switzerland                 Yes        27.0%       0.0%             No        27.0%         17.0%        30.0%
United Kingdom              Yes        40.0%       0.0%             No        40.0%         29.1%        37.2%
United States               Yes        31.3%       0.0%             No        31.3%         20.6%        26.8%

1
 Marginal income tax rate for single individual at 167% income level of the average production worker. 2Uniquely, Greece gives
amount (2950 euros) and imposes a low tax (10%) on contributions above the threshold. The tax incentive is therefore compute
above-threshold incentives. 3Data for latest available year.
*Australia, Greece, Japan, Netherlands, and Portugal Total Tax Revenue as a %of GDP Data is for the year 2004.
Source: OECD Tax Database, Table I.1, www.sourceoecd.org; OECD, Revenue Statistics 1965-2005, OECD (2006 edition)
62%

                                                                                           Adjusted
                                                                    Quality-              (aid+charit
                        Adjusted/N                                  adjusted    Adjusted      able
               Adjusted et aid ("aid      Net      Charitable      charitable charitable giving)/GN
    GNI        aid/GNI   quality")     aid/GDP      giving           giving    giving/GNI      I
    678,651       0.04%         28%        0.15%            423           163      0.024%      0.07%
    301,529       0.01%          7%        0.10%              26           10      0.003%      0.01%
    373,469       0.01%          5%        0.17%              89           34      0.009%      0.02%
  1,113,120       0.01%         22%        0.05%            399           154      0.014%      0.02%
    259,826       0.04%         16%        0.26%              15             6     0.002%      0.04%
    195,558       0.01%          9%        0.16%               2             1     0.000%      0.02%
  2,117,069       0.01%          9%        0.13%            141            54      0.003%      0.01%
  2,797,875       0.01%          8%        0.11%            711           273      0.010%      0.02%
    223,956       0.00%          3%        0.08%               0             0     0.000%      0.00%
    171,340       0.01%          8%        0.12%            151            58      0.034%      0.04%
  1,755,664       0.00%          3%        0.12%              26           10      0.001%      0.00%
  4,675,018       0.01%          8%        0.07%            116            45      0.001%      0.01%
    624,646       0.03%         15%        0.21%            198            76      0.012%      0.04%
    100,861       0.05%         36%        0.15%              33           13      0.012%      0.07%
    297,054       0.02%          9%        0.19%            103            40      0.013%      0.03%
    178,674       0.01%         11%        0.11%               2             1     0.000%      0.01%
  1,110,073       0.01%          9%        0.10%              49           19      0.002%      0.01%
    356,791       0.03%         11%        0.28%               1             0     0.000%      0.03%
    402,060       0.01%         12%        0.08%            144            55      0.014%      0.02%
  2,278,788       0.01%          8%        0.10%            307           118      0.005%      0.01%
 12,358,700       0.00%         22%        0.02%          4,122         1,586      0.013%      0.02%

                                                                                              0.02%




               Adjusted
  Quality-      aid/Net
adjusted aid      aid
     288.87          0.32
        7.88         0.39
       12.88         0.30
     106.57          0.50
       83.20         0.54
       21.41         0.40
     161.79          0.37
     141.36          0.24
        0.61         0.41
       12.22         0.54
       -5.50         0.33
     221.85          0.11
     158.05          0.52
       54.80         0.40
                    40.61      0.36
                    16.44      0.40
                    30.86      0.37
                    75.02      0.42
                    20.74      0.26
                   114.43      0.53
                   366.24      0.35
                    -0.07      0.41
                    21.40      0.30
                   244.41      0.69
                     3.50      0.50
                   260.98      0.57
                     9.59      0.28
                    67.72      0.53
                     0.74      0.42
                   208.83      0.92
                    19.63      0.71
                     7.65      0.32

                      1.22     0.32
                      1.52     0.42
                      0.84     0.30
                      1.89     0.27

                      0.39     0.47
                     31.96     0.37
                     26.71     0.55
                     13.77     0.28
                     11.65     0.26
                      4.98     0.29
                     15.96     0.33
                     33.50     0.36
                      8.53     0.30




Price elasticity of giving     -0.5
ncome elasticity of giving      1.1

              % increase
                in giving            Current   Giving in
              because of            Giving -- absence of        Giving
                 smaller   Combined Grants by favorable      attributed to
              government increase    NGOs3    tax policies   tax policies
                     47.3%   105.3%      825          402               423
                     23.1%    23.1%      139          113                26
                     15.0%    55.2%      249          161                89
                   42.8%      69.5%          973          574     399
                    5.0%      23.4%           81           66      15
                   17.0%      17.0%           16           14       2
                   17.5%     101.5%          280          139     141
                   40.0%      87.6%        1,523          812     711
                   37.6%      62.9%            1            0       0
                   49.9%      96.8%          308          156     151
                   25.2%      39.1%           94           67      26
                   62.3%      83.9%          255          139     116
                   30.3%      88.1%          422          225     198
                   39.5%      52.8%           94           62      33
                   15.9%      29.6%          452          349     103
                   34.3%      55.1%            6            4       2
                   37.4%      58.6%          133           84      49
                    1.8%       1.8%           29           28       1
                   51.1%      76.8%          332          188     144
                   34.1%      73.1%          726          419     307
                   58.7%      91.5%        8,629        4,506   4,122

 . 2Uniquely, Greece gives full deductibility up to a certain
entive is therefore computed as the average of the below- and

he year 2004.
5, OECD (2006 edition)
Score
   17.9
    2.8
    4.7
    6.5
   11.3
    4.0
    3.9
    4.9
    0.6
   11.7
    1.1
    1.8
   11.2
   17.9
    8.3
    3.2
    2.8
    8.0
    6.1
    3.5
    4.5
Aid                2006
Data year: 2004                                                              Average bilateral quality discount:



                              Net aid,    Net aid,                       Bilateral   Multilateral  Quality-
Donor name         Gross aid multilateral bilateral         Net aid    adjusted aid adjusted aid adjusted aid
Australia                879         104        774                879          251              5        256
Austria                  402         390          13               402             4           13           17
Belgium                  699         652          28               680             5           15           20
Canada                   423         281        128                409           41            11           52
Denmark                  734         561        129                690           49            14           63
Finland                  333         299          32               331           11              7          19
France                 3,858       3,209        425              3,635          171            77         248
Germany                5,122       4,219        337              4,556           78           125         202
Greece                   233         233            1              233             0             3           4
Ireland                  158         149            9              158             5             3           8
Italy                  2,183       2,109         -25             2,084          -13            76           63
Japan                  6,351       1,288        601              1,889          105            50         155
Netherlands            1,466       1,236        121              1,357           46            33           79
New Zealand              125           17       108                125           39              1          40
Norway                   502         440          63               502           19            12           31
Portugal                 223         197          26               223           11              5          16
Spain                    940         830          50               880           14            18           32
Sweden                   627         486        141                627           73            16           89
Switzerland              307         242          59               301           16            13           29
United Kingdom         3,019       2,789        190              2,980           80            62         143
United States          3,212       2,298        730              3,028          251           180         432

2003 CDI Average


Quality-adjusted aid by donor, bilateral and multilateral


                               Amortizatio
Donor name         Gross aid       n         Interest       Net aid    Tying cost Selectivity Size weight
Australia             774.45          0.00        0.00         774.45         3.24       0.56        0.51
Austria                12.76          0.00        0.00           12.76        0.83       0.54        0.55
Belgium                46.95        19.20         0.05           27.70        1.72       0.64        0.46
Canada                141.26        13.40         0.02         127.84       12.97        0.57        0.59
Denmark               173.09        35.24         8.58         129.27       11.01        0.59        0.70
Finland                34.40          2.45        0.04           31.91        1.43       0.61        0.57
France                648.61       163.25        59.96         425.40       13.29        0.63        0.60
Germany               902.32       445.30       120.26         336.76       32.61        0.60        0.57
Greece                  0.65          0.00        0.00            0.65        0.03       0.52        0.65
Ireland                 9.29          0.00        0.00            9.29        0.00       0.66        0.66
Italy                  73.99        98.85         0.00          -24.86        0.01                   0.45
Japan               5,063.05     3,108.79     1,353.56         600.70       77.27        0.73        0.63
Netherlands           229.98        87.96        21.44         120.58         4.26       0.65        0.65
New Zealand           108.12          0.00        0.00         108.12         4.23       0.58        0.59
Norway                 62.70          0.00        0.00           62.70        0.00       0.60        0.45
Portugal                  25.89         0.00        0.00           25.89          0.00   0.71            0.56
Spain                    109.76        59.90        0.00           49.86         10.90   0.56            0.61
Sweden                   141.22         0.00        0.00          141.22          4.33   0.59            0.73
Switzerland               64.45         5.50        0.00           58.95          0.79   0.62            0.45
United Kingdom           229.52        39.19        0.00          190.33          0.00   0.58            0.67
United States            913.77       126.49       57.63          729.65         90.17   0.61            0.59
Arab Agencies             25.37        10.22        0.00           15.15          0.00   0.58            0.71
Arab Countries            56.55        43.15        0.00           13.40          0.00   0.50            0.60
AsDF                     441.73        74.87       56.04          310.82          0.00   0.66            0.98
Czech Republic            10.23         0.00        0.00           10.23          0.00   0.71            0.63
EBRD                       3.45         0.00        0.00            3.45          0.00   0.89            0.55
EC                       349.89         6.22        0.74          342.93          0.00   0.56            0.80
GEF                       31.76         0.00        0.00           31.76          0.00   0.53            0.60
GFATM                    100.95         0.00        0.00          100.95          0.00   0.54            0.96
Hungary                    2.03         0.00        0.00            2.03          0.00   0.71            0.67
IDA                      774.77       248.13      129.70          396.94          0.00   0.71            0.95
IFAD                      37.29        19.66        6.79           10.84          0.00   0.69            0.95
Luxembourg                24.04         0.00        0.00           24.04          0.02   0.60            0.52

Montreal Protocol         46.93          0.00        0.00          46.93          0.00   0.52            0.61
Nordic Dev.Fund           16.48          0.81        0.98          14.69          0.00   0.65            0.70
Other Donors               2.07          0.00        0.00           2.07          0.00   0.53            0.60
Poland                     2.59          0.00        0.00           2.59          0.00   0.58            0.63
SAF+ESAF(IMF)              0.00         96.99        0.00         -96.99          0.00
Slovak Republic            0.49          0.00        0.00           0.49          0.00   0.74            0.67
South Korea              129.13          9.55        6.78         112.80          0.00   0.59            0.68
Turkey                    11.01          0.00        0.00          11.01          0.00   0.81            0.61
UNDP                      44.46          0.00        0.00          44.46          0.00   0.57            0.51
UNFPA                     35.20          0.00        0.00          35.20          0.00   0.59            0.46
UNICEF                    39.40          0.00        0.00          39.40          0.00   0.56            0.66
UNTA                      44.89          0.00        0.00          44.89          0.00   0.57            0.66
WFP                       19.64          0.00        0.00          19.64          0.00   0.54            0.66




Charitable contributions to developing countries attributable to public policy                  Price elasticity of giving
                                                                                                Income elasticity of giving

                                                                                                 Total tax
                                                                                                revenue as
                     Individual   Marginal Individual Low cap on              Increase in       percentage
                    income tax  income tax income deduction or        Tax     giving with         of GDP,
Country             deduction? rate, 20041 tax credit?  credit?    incentive2  incentive           2004
Australia                   Yes     48.50%       0.0%           No     48.5%        39.3%            31.20%
Austria                      No     35.30%       0.0%           No       0.0%        0.0%            42.60%
Belgium                     Yes     45.10%       0.0%           No     45.1%        35.0%            45.00%
Canada                       No     33.00%     29.0%            No     29.0%        18.7%            33.50%
Denmark                    Yes     55.00%        0.0%            Yes        27.5%        17.4%        48.80%
Finland                     No     43.70%        0.0%             No         0.0%         0.0%        44.20%
France                      No     30.20%       60.0%             No        60.0%        58.1%        43.40%
Germany                    Yes     47.50%        0.0%             No        47.5%        38.0%        34.70%
Greece                     Yes     33.60%        0.0%             No        28.6%        18.3%        35.00%
Ireland                    Yes     42.00%        0.0%             No        42.0%        31.3%        30.10%
Italy                       No     46.60%       19.0%             No        19.0%        11.1%        41.10%
Japan                      Yes     22.20%        0.0%             No        22.2%        13.4%        26.40%
Netherlands                Yes     52.00%        0.0%             No        52.0%        44.3%        37.50%
New Zealand                 No     39.00%       33.3%            Yes        16.7%         9.5%        35.60%
Norway                     Yes     41.50%        0.0%            Yes        20.8%        12.3%        44.00%
Portugal                    No     34.00%       25.0%             No        25.0%        15.5%        34.50%
Spain                       No     28.00%       25.0%             No        25.0%        15.5%        34.80%
Sweden                      No     56.50%        0.0%             No         0.0%         0.0%        50.40%
Switzerland                Yes     27.00%        0.0%             No        27.0%        17.0%        29.20%
United Kingdom             Yes     40.00%        0.0%             No        40.0%        29.1%        36.00%
United States              Yes     31.40%        0.0%             No        31.4%        20.7%        25.50%

1
 Marginal income tax rate for single individual at 167% income level of the average production worker. 2Uniquely, Greece gives
amount (2950 euros) and imposes a low tax (10%) on contributions above the threshold. The tax incentive is therefore compute
and above-threshold incentives. 3Data for latest available year.

Source: OECD Tax Database, Table I.1, www.oecd.org; OECD, Revenue Statistics 1965-2005 (OECD 2006 Editiona)
64%

                                                                  Quality-    Adjusted
                                                                  adjusted (aid+charita
               Adjusted Adjusted/N      Net      Charitable      charitable       ble
    GNI        aid/GNI    et aid     aid/GDP      giving           giving    giving)/GNI   Score
    595,630       0.04%        29%       0.15%            252            90        0.06%      15.5
    290,943       0.01%         4%       0.14%              16             6       0.01%       2.0
    357,207       0.01%         3%       0.19%              65           23        0.01%       3.2
    970,536       0.01%        13%       0.04%            262            93        0.01%       4.0
    240,474       0.03%         9%       0.29%              12             4       0.03%       7.4
    185,361       0.01%         6%       0.18%               2             1       0.01%       2.8
  2,058,806       0.01%         7%       0.18%            132            47        0.01%       3.8
  2,729,147       0.01%         4%       0.17%            554           197        0.01%       3.9
    204,300       0.00%         2%       0.11%               7             2       0.00%       0.8
    156,186       0.00%         5%       0.10%            116            41        0.03%       8.3
  1,669,301       0.00%         3%       0.12%              14             5       0.00%       1.1
  4,759,022       0.00%         8%       0.04%            190            68        0.00%       1.2
    573,127       0.01%         6%       0.24%            198            70        0.03%       6.9
     90,623       0.04%        32%       0.14%              10             3       0.05%      12.8
    251,528       0.01%         6%       0.20%            112            40        0.03%       7.5
    164,404       0.01%         7%       0.14%               1             0       0.01%       2.6
  1,018,232       0.00%         4%       0.09%              51           18        0.00%       1.3
    350,192       0.03%        14%       0.18%               1             0       0.03%       6.8
    376,621       0.01%        10%       0.08%            140            50        0.02%       5.6
  2,179,558       0.01%         5%       0.14%            169            60        0.01%       2.5
 11,656,110       0.00%        14%       0.03%          3,315         1,179        0.01%       3.7

                                                                                 0.02%




               Adjusted
  Quality-      aid/Net
adjusted aid      aid
     251.20          0.32
        4.16         0.33
        4.84         0.17
       40.63         0.32
       48.82         0.38
       11.31         0.35
     171.24          0.40
       77.56         0.23
        0.30         0.46
        4.66         0.50
      -13.29         0.53
     104.86          0.17
       45.62         0.38
       39.31         0.36
       19.06         0.30
                    10.70      0.41
                    13.78      0.28
                    72.93      0.52
                    16.19      0.27
                    80.27      0.42
                   251.25      0.34
                     6.08      0.40
                     4.30      0.32
                   216.18      0.70
                     5.50      0.54
                     1.68      0.49
                   177.03      0.52
                    10.11      0.32
                    51.90      0.51
                     0.97      0.48
                   298.19      0.75
                    10.26      0.95
                     7.81      0.32

                     14.73     0.31
                      6.54     0.45
                      0.67     0.32
                      0.95     0.37

                      0.24     0.49
                     45.29     0.40
                      5.90     0.54
                     12.88     0.29
                      9.58     0.27
                     14.76     0.37
                     16.90     0.38
                      7.06     0.36




Price elasticity of giving     -0.5
ncome elasticity of giving      1.1

              % increase
                in giving            Current   Giving in
              because of            Giving -- absence of        Giving
                 smaller   Combined Grants by favorable      attributed to
              government increase    NGOs3    tax policies   tax policies
                     48.2%   106.6%      489          237               252
                     21.5%    21.5%        89          73                16
                     15.9%    56.4%      181          115                65
                     42.8%    69.5%      639          377               262
                      7.1%       25.8%           58            46      12
                     17.7%       17.7%           14            12       2
                     19.6%       89.1%          280           148     132
                     40.0%       93.2%        1,148           594     554
                     39.3%       64.8%           17            10       7
                     50.9%       98.1%          234           118     116
                     25.0%       38.8%           49            35      14
                     59.7%       81.0%          425           235     190
                     33.4%       92.5%          412           214     198
                     37.9%       51.0%           29            19      10
                     18.2%       32.8%          452           340     112
                     40.4%       62.2%            3             2       1
                     39.7%       61.4%          133            82      51
                      3.4%        3.4%           31            30       1
                     53.0%       79.1%          316           177     140
                     36.9%       76.8%          390           221     169
                     61.8%       95.4%        6,792         3,477   3,315

ker. 2Uniquely, Greece gives full deductibility up to a certain
 centive is therefore computed as the average of the below-


ECD 2006 Editiona)
Aid                2005
Data year: 2003                                                              Average bilateral quality discount:


                                  Net aid,
                                 multilatera Net aid,                    Bilateral   Multilateral  Quality-
Donor name          Gross aid         l      bilateral      Net aid    adjusted aid adjusted aid adjusted aid
Australia                  763          113        650             763          214            12         226
Austria                    322          312          10            322             4           10           14
Belgium                    495          461          27            488             6           11           17
Canada                     414          282        124             406           36            23           59
Denmark                    651          535          87            622           36            20           56
Finland                    283          256          25            282             9           11           20
France                   2,901        2,343        357           2,700          129            90         219
Germany                  3,776        3,087        111           3,197           47           131         178
Greece                     188          188            1           188             0             4           4
Ireland                    127          120            7           127             3             3           6
Italy                    1,601        1,544         -24          1,520          -13            26           13
Japan                    6,150        1,569        656           2,224           43           247         290
Netherlands              1,143          957        159           1,115           50            34           84
New Zealand                102            16         87            102           30              1          31
Norway                     428          371          57            428           19            17           36
Portugal                   204          161          43            204           18              7          25
Spain                      739          622          58            680           15            17           32
Sweden                     472          357        115             472           60            10           70
Switzerland                288          229          56            285           20            24           44
United Kingdom           2,820        2,661        102           2,763           49           139         188
United States            1,447          550        792           1,342          262            11         273


2003 CDI Average


Quality-adjusted aid by donor, bilateral and multilateral


                                 Amortizati
Donor name          Gross aid       on        Interest      Net aid    Tying cost Selectivity Size weight
Australia               649.97        0.00         0.00        649.97       21.01        0.55        0.54
Austria                  10.23        0.00         0.00          10.23        1.07       0.59        0.65
Belgium                  34.48        7.88         0.03          26.57        0.00       0.62        0.43
Canada                  132.38        8.09         0.02        124.27       11.61        0.56        0.56
Denmark                 115.63       27.41         1.62          86.60        9.35       0.65        0.73
Finland                  26.56        1.29         0.05          25.22        0.82       0.61        0.59
France                  557.63      153.93        46.91        356.79       10.09        0.64        0.56
Germany                 689.79      458.84       120.44        110.51       14.39        0.92        0.67
Greece                    0.93        0.00         0.00           0.93        0.00       0.55        0.59
Ireland                   6.54        0.00         0.00           6.54        0.00       0.65        0.69
Italy                    56.84       81.32         0.00         -24.48      10.20                    0.52
Japan                 4,581.45    2,755.71     1,170.03        655.71       58.99        0.62        0.59
Netherlands             186.58       19.48         8.59        158.51         8.06       0.55        0.56
New Zealand              86.50        0.00         0.00          86.50        2.68       0.57        0.57
Norway                     57.02        0.00        0.00          57.02           0.04   0.59            0.49
Portugal                   42.89        0.00        0.00          42.89           0.04   0.69            0.58
Spain                     116.90       58.81        0.00          58.09          15.95   0.62            0.62
Sweden                    114.78        0.00        0.00         114.78           3.29   0.62            0.70
Switzerland                58.89        2.97        0.00          55.92           0.35   0.57            0.59
United Kingdom            158.93       56.67        0.00         102.26           0.00   0.55            0.74
United States             897.19       62.12       43.02         792.05          96.38   0.55            0.60
Arab Agencies              22.37        8.41        0.00          13.96           0.00   0.64            0.73
Arab Countries             39.56       50.68        0.00         -11.12           0.00                   0.60
AsDF                      493.01       62.38       49.38         381.25           0.00   0.65            0.97
Czech Republic              6.05        0.00        0.00           6.05           0.00   0.71            0.64
EBRD                        1.51        0.00        0.00           1.51           0.00   0.96            0.62
EC                        273.77        6.63        0.00         267.14           0.00   0.57            0.77
GEF                        33.84        0.00        0.00          33.84           0.00   0.53            0.61
GFATM                      45.65        0.00        0.00          45.65           0.00   0.55            0.97
Hungary                     0.79        0.00        0.00           0.79           0.00   0.76            0.67
IDA                       949.64      198.71      104.26         646.67           0.00   0.66            0.92
IFAD                       39.08       17.25        6.83          15.00           0.00   0.67            0.99
Luxembourg                 20.66        0.00        0.00          20.66           0.00   0.59            0.51

Montreal Protocol          45.32        0.00         0.00          45.32          0.00   0.52            0.59
Nordic Dev.Fund             7.12        0.30         0.00           6.82          0.00   0.82            0.65
Other Donors                4.22        0.00         0.00           4.22          0.00   0.53            0.60
Poland                      2.25        0.00         0.00           2.25          0.00   0.58            0.63
SAF+ESAF(IMF)              29.42       96.93         0.00         -67.51          0.00                   0.75
Slovak Republic             0.31        0.00         0.00           0.31          0.00   0.83            0.66
South Korea                97.28        6.12         8.14          83.02          0.00   0.56            0.68
Turkey                      5.25        0.00         0.00           5.25          0.00   0.95            0.62
UNDP                       30.70        0.00         0.00          30.70          0.00   0.55            0.48
UNFPA                      29.52        0.00         0.00          29.52          0.00   0.59            0.45
UNHCR                      17.03        0.00         0.00          17.03          0.00   0.51            0.70
UNICEF                     40.24        0.00         0.00          40.24          0.00   0.56            0.66
UNTA                       46.61        0.00         0.00          46.61          0.00   0.57            0.68
WFP                        19.31        0.00         0.00          19.31          0.00   0.53            0.67




Charitable contributions to developing countries attributable to public policy                  Price elasticity of giving
                                                                                                Income elasticity of giving

                                                                                            Total tax
                                    Marginal                                               revenue as
                      Individual     income Individual Low cap on              Increase in percentage
                     income tax     tax rate, income deduction or      Tax     giving with   of GDP,
Country              deduction?       20031 tax credit?  credit?    incentive2  incentive     2003
Australia                     Yes       48.5%     0.0%           No     48.5%        39.3%      30.70%
Austria                        No       35.3%     0.0%           No       0.0%        0.0%      42.90%
Belgium                       Yes       45.1%     0.0%           No     45.1%        35.0%      44.70%
Canada                         No       33.0%    29.0%           No     29.0%        18.7%      33.60%
Denmark                     Yes      54.3%       0.0%            Yes       27.2%         17.2%       47.70%
Finland                      No      44.5%       0.0%             No        0.0%          0.0%       44.60%
France                       No      31.2%      60.0%             No       60.0%         58.1%       43.10%
Germany                     Yes      47.5%       0.0%             No       47.5%         38.0%       35.50%
Greece                      Yes      33.6%       0.0%             No       28.6%         18.3%       36.30%
Ireland                     Yes      42.0%       0.0%             No       42.0%         31.3%       28.70%
Italy                        No      37.3%      19.0%             No       19.0%         11.1%       41.80%
Japan                       Yes      22.2%       0.0%             No       22.2%         13.3%       25.70%
Netherlands                 Yes      52.0%       0.0%             No       52.0%         44.3%       37.00%
New Zealand                  No      39.0%      33.3%            Yes       16.7%          9.5%       34.40%
Norway                      Yes      41.5%       0.0%            Yes       20.7%         12.3%       42.90%
Portugal                     No      34.0%      25.0%             No       25.0%         15.5%       35.00%
Spain                        No      28.0%      25.0%             No       25.0%         15.5%       34.30%
Sweden                       No      56.2%       0.0%             No        0.0%          0.0%       50.10%
Switzerland                 Yes      26.9%       0.0%             No       26.9%         17.0%       29.40%
United Kingdom              Yes      40.0%       0.0%             No       40.0%         29.1%       35.40%
United States               Yes      31.4%       0.0%             No       31.4%         20.8%       25.70%

1
 Marginal income tax rate for single individual at 167% income level of the average production worker. 2Uniquely, Greece gives
amount (2950 euros) and imposes a low tax (10%) on contributions above the threshold. The tax incentive is therefore compute
and above-threshold incentives. 3Data for latest available year.

Source: OECD Tax Database, Table I.1, www.oecd.org; OECD, Revenue Statistics 1965-2005, OECD (2006 edition); CGD.
64%

                                                                  Quality-    Adjusted
                                                                  adjusted (aid+charita
               Adjusted Adjusted/N      Net      Charitable      charitable       ble
    GNI        aid/GNI    et aid     aid/GDP      giving           giving    giving)/GNI   Score
    492,962       0.05%        30%       0.15%            175            64        0.06%      15.6
    250,371       0.01%         4%       0.13%              12             4       0.01%       2.0
    307,996       0.01%         3%       0.16%              60           22        0.01%       3.4
    853,583       0.01%        15%       0.05%            231            84        0.02%       4.5
    208,620       0.03%         9%       0.30%               4             1       0.03%       7.3
    160,403       0.01%         7%       0.18%               2             1       0.01%       3.5
  1,799,115       0.01%         8%       0.15%            133            48        0.01%       4.0
  2,388,657       0.01%         6%       0.13%            479           174        0.01%       3.9
    172,892       0.00%         2%       0.11%               3             1       0.00%       0.8
    127,604       0.00%         5%       0.10%            143            52        0.05%      12.1
  1,453,954       0.00%         1%       0.10%               7             3       0.00%       0.3
  4,375,704       0.01%        13%       0.05%            152            55        0.01%       2.1
    499,435       0.02%         8%       0.22%            184            67        0.03%       8.0
     73,298       0.04%        30%       0.14%               6             2       0.05%      12.0
    222,293       0.02%         8%       0.19%            119            43        0.04%       9.5
    145,496       0.02%        12%       0.14%               1             1       0.02%       4.7
    839,493       0.00%         5%       0.08%              51           19        0.01%       1.6
    302,076       0.02%        15%       0.16%               1             0       0.02%       6.2
    337,008       0.01%        16%       0.08%            123            45        0.03%       7.1
  1,829,445       0.01%         7%       0.15%            171            62        0.01%       3.6
 10,980,860       0.00%        20%       0.01%          3,079         1,119        0.01%       3.4


                                                                                 0.02%




               Adjusted
  Quality-      aid/Net
adjusted aid      aid
     213.92          0.33
        3.97         0.39
        5.73         0.22
       36.17         0.29
       35.84         0.41
        9.49         0.38
     129.05          0.36
       46.76         0.42
        0.36         0.39
        3.28         0.50
      -12.70         0.52
       42.79         0.07
       49.62         0.31
       29.72         0.34
                    18.84      0.33
                    18.25      0.43
                    14.80      0.25
                    59.84      0.52
                    20.14      0.36
                    48.90      0.48
                   262.31      0.33
                     5.92      0.42
                    -3.57      0.32
                   253.02      0.66
                     2.75      0.45
                     0.90      0.60
                   135.03      0.51
                    10.95      0.32
                    24.12      0.53
                     0.40      0.51
                   418.44      0.65
                    12.75      0.85
                     6.39      0.31

                     13.93     0.31
                      3.55     0.52
                      1.34     0.32
                      0.81     0.36
                    -36.58     0.54
                      0.17     0.55
                     31.76     0.38
                      3.12     0.59
                      8.15     0.27
                      7.84     0.27
                      6.13     0.36
                     15.12     0.38
                     18.16     0.39
                      6.86     0.36




Price elasticity of giving     -0.5
ncome elasticity of giving      1.1

              % increase
                in giving            Current   Giving in
              because of            Giving -- absence of        Giving
                 smaller   Combined Grants by favorable      attributed to
              government increase    NGOs3    tax policies   tax policies
                     49.4%   108.2%      336          162               175
                     20.8%    20.8%        71          59                12
                     16.6%    57.4%      165          105                60
                     42.6%    69.2%      566          334               231
                      9.6%      28.5%            17           13       4
                     16.8%      16.8%            13           11       2
                     20.3%      90.2%           280          147     133
                     38.1%      90.5%         1,008          529     479
                     36.2%      61.2%             8            5       3
                     54.2%     102.5%           283          140     143
                     23.3%      37.0%            27           20       7
                     61.3%      82.9%           335          183     152
                     34.6%      94.2%           379          195     184
                     40.7%      54.1%            18           12       6
                     20.8%      35.7%           452          333     119
                     39.3%      60.8%             4            2       1
                     40.9%      62.7%           133           82      51
                      4.1%       4.1%            23           23       1
                     52.5%      78.4%           280          157     123
                     38.3%      78.6%           389          218     171
                     61.3%      94.8%         6,326        3,247   3,079

ker. 2Uniquely, Greece gives full deductibility up to a certain
ncentive is therefore computed as the average of the below-


ECD (2006 edition); CGD.
Aid                2004
Data year: 2002                                                             Average bilateral quality discount:


                                  Net aid,                                                           Quality-
                                 multilatera Net aid,                      Bilateral   Multilateral adjusted
Donor name          Gross aid         l      bilateral      Net aid      adjusted aid adjusted aid     aid
Australia                  630          111        519             630            163              6       169
Austria                    210          200          10            210               4             8        12
Belgium                    422          389          27            415               6           14         20
Canada                     354          254          95            349             30            12         42
Denmark                    549          430        102             532             41            16         57
Finland                    216          193          21            213               7             8        15
France                   2,480        2,078        272           2,350             77            71        148
Germany                  2,587        2,026        289           2,315             57            80        137
Greece                     135          135            0           135               0             3          3
Ireland                    129          123            5           129               3             3          6
Italy                    1,016          985         -27            958            -21            27           6
Japan                    5,876        1,608      1,742           3,349            966           148     1,114
Netherlands                902          676        209             885             75            28        103
New Zealand                 78            12         65             78             19              1        19
Norway                     355          302          52            355             15            12         28
Portugal                   238          161          77            238             34            17         50
Spain                      593          499          52            551             18            13         31
Sweden                     685          594          91            685             34            30         64
Switzerland                138            85         50            135             21              5        26
United Kingdom           1,731        1,568        132           1,700             62            41        103
United States            2,735        1,940        733           2,673            277           134        411


2003 CDI Average


Quality-adjusted aid by donor, bilateral and multilateral


                                 Amortizati                                                            Size
    Donor name      Gross aid       on        Interest      Net aid    Tying cost Selectivity         weight
Australia               519.06        0.00         0.00        519.06       25.41        0.58             0.52
Austria                   9.78        0.00         0.00           9.78        0.69       0.60             0.66
Belgium                  33.52        6.86         0.07          26.59        0.13       0.63             0.48
Canada                  100.27        4.75         0.03          95.49        8.37       0.59             0.57
Denmark                 119.38       12.86         4.08        102.44       11.61        0.60             0.77
Finland                  23.83        3.07         0.16          20.60        1.12       0.64             0.60
France                  401.94      129.88         0.00        272.06       11.31        0.66             0.56
Germany                 561.37      192.23        79.78        289.36       45.39        0.60             0.60
Greece                    0.18        0.00         0.00           0.18        0.03       0.55             0.83
Ireland                   5.42        0.00         0.00           5.42        0.00       0.62             0.74
Italy                    30.73       57.55         0.00         -26.82        5.59                        0.44
Japan                 4,267.76    1,563.53       962.62      1,741.61      130.91        0.58             0.92
Netherlands             226.36        7.51        10.00        208.85         0.01       0.53             0.65
New Zealand              65.35        0.00         0.00          65.35        2.97       0.58             0.48
Norway                     52.37        0.00        0.00          52.37           0.73   0.60         0.45
Portugal                   76.56        0.00        0.00          76.56           2.45   0.63         0.61
Spain                      94.50       42.21        0.00          52.29          14.92   0.58         0.84
Sweden                     90.83        0.00        0.00          90.83           1.67   0.63         0.54
Switzerland                52.82        2.56        0.00          50.26           0.51   0.59         0.65
United Kingdom            163.03       31.18        0.00         131.85           0.00   0.57         0.75
United States             794.86       28.19       33.81         732.86          99.50   0.55         0.71
Arab Agencies              16.27        7.12        0.00           9.15           0.00   0.59         0.83
Arab Countries             31.93       35.00        0.00          -3.07           0.00                0.82
AsDF                      427.50       49.56       41.39         336.55           0.00   0.68         0.98
Czech Republic              2.78        0.00        0.00           2.78           0.00   0.85         0.84
EBRD                        0.91        0.00        0.00           0.91           0.00   1.03         0.81
EC                        264.90       10.44        1.79         252.67           0.00   0.60         0.79
GEF                        25.25        0.00        0.00          25.25           0.00   0.56         0.82
IDA                       650.90      162.27       94.01         394.62           0.00   0.64         0.97
IFAD                       47.42       19.25        6.26          21.91           0.00   0.69         1.00
Luxembourg                 12.45        0.00        0.00          12.45           0.08   0.64         0.49

Montreal Protocol          45.78        0.00         0.00         45.78           0.00   0.55         0.83
Nordic Dev.Fund             6.06        0.35         0.00          5.71           0.00   0.71         0.85
Other Donors                2.47        0.00         0.00          2.47           0.00   0.59         0.83
Poland                      4.30        0.00         0.00          4.30           0.00   0.57         0.83
SAF+ESAF(IMF)              86.98       90.26         0.00         -3.28           0.00                0.86
Slovak Republic             0.08        0.00         0.00          0.08           0.00   0.62         0.75
South Korea               118.83        4.27         3.82        110.74           0.00   0.66         0.83
Turkey                      0.51        0.00         0.00          0.51           0.00   1.00         0.82
UNDP                       32.37        0.00         0.00         32.37           0.00   0.59         0.53
UNFPA                      31.17        0.00         0.00         31.17           0.00   0.60         0.43
UNHCR                      23.27        0.00         0.00         23.27           0.00   0.56         0.79
UNICEF                     37.35        0.00         0.00         37.35           0.00   0.58         0.82
UNTA                       40.65        0.00         0.00         40.65           0.00   0.60         0.80
WFP                        18.41        0.00         0.00         18.41           0.00   0.56         0.83




Charitable contributions to developing countries attributable to public policy                  Price elasticity of giving
                                                                                                Income elasticity of giving

                                                                                                 Total tax
                                                                                                 revenue
                                    Marginal                                                        as
                      Individual     income Individual Low cap on              Increase in      percentag
                     income tax     tax rate, income deduction or      Tax     giving with      e of GDP,
Country              deduction?       20021 tax credit?  credit?    incentive2  incentive          2002
Australia                     Yes       48.5%     0.0%           No     48.5%        39.3%          31.5%
Austria                        No       35.2%     0.0%           No       0.0%        0.0%          44.0%
Belgium                       Yes       47.4%     0.0%           No     47.4%        37.8%          46.4%
Canada                         No       33.0%    29.0%           No     29.0%        18.7%          33.9%
Denmark                         Yes      54.4%       0.0%             Yes        27.2%         17.2%      48.9%
Finland                          No      45.2%       0.0%              No         0.0%          0.0%      45.9%
France                           No      32.8%      60.0%              No        60.0%         58.1%      44.0%
Germany                         Yes      51.2%       0.0%              No        51.2%         43.1%      36.0%
Greece                          Yes      25.2%       0.0%              No        20.2%         12.0%      35.9%
Ireland                         Yes      42.0%       0.0%              No        42.0%         31.3%      28.4%
Italy                            No      36.4%      19.0%              No        19.0%         11.1%      42.6%
Japan                           Yes      22.1%       0.0%              No        22.1%         13.3%      25.8%
Netherlands                     Yes      52.0%       0.0%              No        52.0%         44.3%      39.2%
New Zealand                      No      39.0%      33.3%             Yes        16.7%          9.5%      34.9%
Norway                          Yes      41.5%       0.0%             Yes        20.7%         12.3%      43.5%
Portugal                         No      34.0%      25.0%              No        25.0%         15.5%      33.9%
Spain                            No      26.0%      25.0%              No        25.0%         15.5%      35.6%
Sweden                           No      55.5%       0.0%              No         0.0%          0.0%      50.2%
Switzerland                     Yes      27.2%       0.0%              No        27.2%         17.2%      30.3%
United Kingdom                  Yes      40.0%       0.0%              No        40.0%         29.1%      35.8%
United States                   Yes      33.6%       0.0%              No        33.6%         22.7%      26.4%

1
    Marginal income tax rate for single individual at 167% income level of the average production worker. 2Data for latest available

Source: OECD Tax Database, Table I.1, www.oecd.org; OECD, Revenue Statistics 1965-2003, OECD (2004); CGD.
61%

                                                                Quality-    Adjusted
                                                                adjusted (aid+charita
               Adjusted Adjusted/N    Net      Charitable      charitable       ble
    GNI        aid/GNI    et aid   aid/GDP      giving           giving    giving)/GNI   Score
    386,825       0.04%        27%     0.16%            127            49        0.06%      15.1
    203,885       0.01%         6%     0.10%               9             3       0.01%       2.0
    247,789       0.01%         5%     0.17%              26           10        0.01%       3.3
    718,191       0.01%        12%     0.05%            112            43        0.01%       3.2
    170,437       0.03%        11%     0.31%               3             1       0.03%       9.2
    131,349       0.01%         7%     0.16%               1             0       0.01%       3.2
  1,463,376       0.01%         6%     0.16%            130            50        0.01%       3.6
  1,987,400       0.01%         6%     0.12%            403           156        0.01%       3.9
    133,357       0.00%         2%     0.10%               2             1       0.00%       0.7
     98,863       0.01%         5%     0.13%              44           17        0.02%       6.1
  1,174,489       0.00%         1%     0.08%               8             3       0.00%       0.2
  4,065,137       0.03%        33%     0.08%              71           27        0.03%       7.5
    411,827       0.02%        12%     0.21%            119            46        0.04%       9.6
     54,790       0.04%        25%     0.14%               8             3       0.04%      11.0
    190,915       0.01%         8%     0.19%            115            44        0.04%      10.0
    118,744       0.04%        21%     0.20%               1             1       0.04%      11.4
    651,733       0.00%         6%     0.08%              49           19        0.01%       2.0
    240,507       0.03%         9%     0.28%               1             0       0.03%       7.1
    296,968       0.01%        19%     0.05%              88           34        0.02%       5.3
  1,595,034       0.01%         6%     0.11%            154            59        0.01%       2.7
 10,490,200       0.00%        15%     0.03%          2,801         1,082        0.01%       3.8


                                                                               0.02%




               Adjusted
  Quality-      aid/Net
adjusted aid      aid
     163.37          0.31
        4.06         0.42
        6.41         0.24
       29.72         0.31
       40.95         0.40
        7.03         0.34
       77.49         0.28
       57.08         0.20
        0.07         0.37
        2.91         0.54
      -21.12         0.79
     965.60          0.55
       74.82         0.36
       18.91         0.29
                   15.26      0.29
                   33.57      0.44
                   17.94      0.34
                   33.80      0.37
                   20.58      0.41
                   61.98      0.47
                  276.65      0.38
                    4.40      0.48
                   -1.56      0.51
                  225.82      0.67
                    2.17      0.78
                    0.76      0.84
                  136.04      0.54
                   11.58      0.46
                  251.90      0.64
                   15.46      0.71
                    3.93      0.32

                   20.78      0.45
                    3.37      0.59
                    1.20      0.49
                    2.04      0.47
                   -1.83      0.56
                    0.04      0.46
                   60.44      0.55
                    0.42      0.82
                   10.07      0.31
                    8.02      0.26
                   10.27      0.44
                   18.03      0.48
                   19.54      0.48
                    8.61      0.47




Price elasticity of giving    -0.5
Income elasticity of giving    1.1


            % increase
              in giving            Current   Giving in
            because of            Giving -- absence of      Giving
               smaller   Combined Grants by favorable    attributed to
            government increase    NGOs2 tax policies    tax policies
                   47.5%   105.6%      248        121               127
                   18.2%    18.2%        57        49                  9
                   12.6%    55.3%        74        48                26
                   41.9%    68.4%      276        164               112
                     6.9%       25.3%        17      14       3
                    13.8%       13.8%        10       9       1
                    18.2%       86.9%       280     150     130
                    36.9%       95.9%       823     420     403
                    37.1%       53.6%         6       4       2
                    54.9%      103.4%        86      42      44
                    21.5%       35.0%        32      24       8
                    61.1%       82.5%       157      86      71
                    29.4%       86.8%       257     137     119
                    39.5%       52.8%        23      15       8
                    19.4%       34.1%       452     337     115
                    41.9%       63.8%         3       2       1
                    37.9%       59.2%       133      84      49
                     3.9%        3.9%        19      19       1
                    50.4%       76.2%       202     115      88
                    37.4%       77.4%       353     199     154
                    59.7%       96.0%     5,720   2,919   2,801

orker. 2Data for latest available year.

OECD (2004); CGD.
Aid               2003
Data year: 2001                                                                    Average bilateral quality discount:




                                     Net aid,      Net aid,                       Bilateral   Multilateral
Donor name           Gross aid      multilateral   bilateral       Net aid      adjusted aid adjusted aid
Australia                    646             157            489           646            159            33
Austria                      210             186              24          210               8             9
Belgium                      390             356              30          386             10            12
Canada                       193              98              93          192             30              5
Denmark                      538             412            116           528             47            14
Finland                      193             165              25          189               8             6
France                     1,989           1,726            162         1,888             39            69
Germany                    2,715           2,095            251         2,346             35            75
Greece                       105             104               0          105               0             3
Ireland                      118             114               4          118               2             3
Italy                      1,244           1,210             -14        1,197            -17            44
Japan                      5,966           1,517          1,648         3,165            957           183
Netherlands                  976             739            219           957             77            30
New Zealand                    79             11              69           79             30              1
Norway                       317             269              48          317             16            14
Portugal                     161             103              58          161             26              3
Spain                        575             473              74          547             29            17
Sweden                       440             340            100           440             45            14
Switzerland                  198             160              34          194             13            14
United Kingdom             2,045           1,902            133         2,035             59            88
United States              2,588           2,019            484         2,503            138           119

Average


Quality-adjusted aid by donor, bilateral and multilateral



    Donor name       Gross aid   Amortization      Interest        Net aid    Tying cost       Selectivity
Australia                 488.66         0.00             0.00        488.66       26.84              0.63
Austria                    24.12         0.00             0.00          24.12        1.49             0.67
Belgium                    34.16         4.16             0.02          29.98        0.87             0.72
Canada                     94.57         1.07             0.06          93.44      10.60              0.60
Denmark                   125.97        10.44             0.00        115.53         5.43             0.64
Finland                    28.61         3.54             0.28          24.79        1.65             0.69
France                    263.48      101.04              0.00        162.44       20.13              0.67
Germany                   620.08      264.89            104.25        250.94       27.10              0.66
Greece                      0.11         0.00             0.00           0.11        0.02             0.58
Ireland                     4.03         0.00             0.00           4.03        0.00             0.80
Italy                      33.40        36.19            10.96         -13.75        6.46
Japan                   4,448.80    1,532.77          1,268.28      1,647.75      208.98              0.62
Netherlands               237.08         6.68            11.72        218.68         5.06             0.57
New Zealand                68.71         0.00             0.00          68.71        0.00             0.59
Norway                       48.31           0.00             0.00          48.31    0.44         0.65
Portugal                     58.35           0.00             0.00          58.35    1.45         0.93
Spain                       101.42          27.39             0.00          74.03   12.79         0.55
Sweden                       99.85           0.00             0.00          99.85    1.23         0.66
Switzerland                  37.27           3.38             0.00          33.89    0.34         0.63
United Kingdom              142.98           9.77             0.00         133.21    0.33         0.62
United States               569.80          23.00            62.58         484.22   72.14         0.55
Arab Agencies                33.80          10.02             0.00          23.78    0.00         0.55
Arab Countries               66.65          42.43             0.00          24.22    0.00         0.58
AsDF                        378.99          43.92            39.21         295.86    0.00         0.69
Czech Republic                2.42           0.00             0.00           2.42    0.00         0.71
EC                          278.99          12.11             2.08         264.80    0.00         0.64
GEF                          21.63           0.00             0.00          21.63    0.00         0.58
Iceland                       0.06           0.00             0.00           0.06    0.00         0.93
IDA                         732.21         131.74            86.66         513.81    0.00         0.66
IFAD                         60.20          17.15             7.73          35.32    0.00         0.62
Luxembourg                   12.27           0.00             0.00          12.27    0.08         0.62

Montreal Protocol            32.39           0.00             0.00          32.39    0.00         0.58
Nordic Dev.Fund               5.94           0.15             0.00           5.79    0.00         0.54
Other Donors                  2.43           0.00             0.00           2.43    0.00         0.61
Poland                        1.90           0.00             0.00           1.90    0.00         0.69
SAF+ESAF(IMF)               137.63          65.32             0.00          72.31    0.00         0.69
South Korea                  94.32           3.92             5.60          84.80    0.00         0.62
Turkey                        0.70           0.00             0.00           0.70    0.00         0.94
UNDP                         35.60           0.00             0.00          35.60    0.00         0.63
UNFPA                        29.04           0.00             0.00          29.04    0.00         0.62
UNHCR                        23.26           0.00             0.00          23.26    0.00         0.69
UNICEF                       40.56           0.00             0.00          40.56    0.00         0.61
UNTA                         44.01           0.00             0.00          44.01    0.00         0.62
WFP                          22.11           0.00             0.00          22.11    0.00         0.61




Charitable contributions to developing countries attributable to public policy




                       Individual     Marginal        Individual   Low cap on              Increase in
                      income tax    income tax       income tax    deduction or    Tax     giving with
Country               deduction?    rate, 20011         credit?      credit?    incentive2  incentive
Australia                      Yes        48.5%               0.0%           No     48.5%        39.3%
Austria                          No       38.0%               0.0%           No       0.0%        0.0%
Belgium                        Yes        48.3%               0.0%           No     48.3%        39.0%
Canada                           No       39.4%             29.0%            No     29.0%        18.7%
Denmark                           Yes         54.9%            0.0%            Yes        27.5%         17.4%
Finland                            No         45.8%            0.0%             No         0.0%          0.0%
France                             No         32.8%           60.0%             No        60.0%         58.1%
Germany                           Yes         51.2%            0.0%             No        51.2%         43.1%
Greece                            Yes         25.2%            0.0%             No        20.2%         12.0%
Ireland                           Yes         42.0%            0.0%             No        42.0%         31.3%
Italy                              No         36.2%           19.0%             No        19.0%         11.1%
Japan                             Yes         20.8%            0.0%             No        20.8%         12.4%
Netherlands                       Yes         52.0%            0.0%             No        52.0%         44.3%
New Zealand                        No         39.0%           33.3%            Yes        16.7%          9.5%
Norway                            Yes         41.5%            0.0%            Yes        20.7%         12.3%
Portugal                           No         34.0%           25.0%             No        25.0%         15.5%
Spain                              No         28.3%           25.0%             No        25.0%         15.5%
Sweden                             No         55.5%            0.0%             No         0.0%          0.0%
Switzerland                       Yes         27.5%            0.0%             No        27.5%         17.5%
United Kingdom                    Yes         40.0%            0.0%             No        40.0%         29.1%
United States                     Yes         34.3%            0.0%             No        34.3%         23.4%

1
    Marginal income tax rate for single individual at 167% income level of the average production worker. 2Data for latest available

Source: OECD Tax Database, Table I.1, www.oecd.org; OECD, Revenue Statistics 1965-2003, OECD (2004); CGD.
bilateral quality discount: 58%

                                                                                                             Adjusted
                                                                                      Quality-              (aid+charit
               Quality-                                                               adjusted    Adjusted      able
               adjusted              Adjusted Adjusted/N    Net      Charitable      charitable charitable giving)/GN
                  aid        GNI     aid/GNI    et aid   aid/GDP      giving           giving    giving/GNI       I
                      192    346,482    0.06%       30%      0.19%            101            42      0.012%      0.07%
                       17    185,352    0.01%         8%     0.11%              49           21      0.011%      0.02%
                       22    235,473    0.01%         6%     0.16%              89           37      0.016%      0.03%
                       34    705,403    0.00%       18%      0.03%              70           29      0.004%      0.01%
                       61    158,659    0.04%       12%      0.33%              14             6     0.004%      0.04%
                       14    120,204    0.01%         7%     0.16%               8             3     0.003%      0.01%
                      108  1,356,720    0.01%         6%     0.14%            153            64      0.005%      0.01%
                      110  1,841,099    0.01%         5%     0.13%            418           175      0.010%      0.02%
                        3    117,193    0.00%         3%     0.09%               3             1     0.001%      0.00%
                        6     86,643    0.01%         5%     0.14%              51           21      0.025%      0.03%
                       27  1,083,486    0.00%         2%     0.11%              24           10      0.001%      0.00%
                   1,140   4,245,072    0.03%       36%      0.07%            133            56      0.001%      0.03%
                      108    386,059    0.03%       11%      0.25%            130            54      0.014%      0.04%
                       31     43,910    0.07%       39%      0.18%               7             3     0.007%      0.08%
                       30    168,784    0.02%         9%     0.19%            156            65      0.039%      0.06%
                       28    106,963    0.03%       18%      0.15%               3             1     0.001%      0.03%
                       46    573,664    0.01%         8%     0.10%              83           35      0.006%      0.01%
                       59    217,369    0.03%       13%      0.20%              16             7     0.003%      0.03%
                       28    267,115    0.01%       14%      0.07%            101            42      0.016%      0.03%
                      147  1,431,327    0.01%         7%     0.14%            189            79      0.006%      0.02%
                      257 10,158,900    0.00%       10%      0.02%          2,409         1,007      0.010%      0.01%

                                                                                                                0.02%




                                      Adjusted
                 Size    Quality-      aid/Net
                weight adjusted aid      aid
                    0.53    159.11          0.33
                    0.57       8.14         0.34
                    0.52       9.67         0.32
                    0.57      29.53         0.32
                    0.66      47.11         0.41
                    0.54       7.85         0.32
                    0.60      38.80         0.24
                    0.60      34.75         0.14
                    0.85       0.05         0.46
                    0.74       2.32         0.58
                    0.45     -17.01         1.24
                    0.92    957.45          0.58
                    0.63      77.27         0.35
                    0.74      30.00         0.44
      0.47         16.12      0.33
      0.56         25.72      0.44
      0.84         28.82      0.39
      0.64         44.80      0.45
      0.59         13.23      0.39
      0.67         59.05      0.44
      0.60        138.00      0.29
      0.86         11.88      0.50
      0.84         11.91      0.49
      0.98        201.21      0.68
      0.86          1.47      0.61
      0.75        142.56      0.54
      0.84         10.45      0.48
      0.65          0.04      0.61
      0.97        332.10      0.65
      0.99         22.83      0.65
      0.69          5.58      0.45

      0.84         15.62      0.48
      0.87          2.73      0.47
      0.82          1.21      0.50
      0.87          1.15      0.61
      0.87         43.48      0.60
      0.85         44.68      0.53
      0.86          0.57      0.81
      0.56         12.64      0.36
      0.41          7.48      0.26
      0.75         12.09      0.52
      0.82         20.64      0.51
      0.81         22.28      0.51
      0.84         11.34      0.51




Price elasticity of giving    -0.5
Income elasticity of giving    1.1

 Total tax
 revenue % increase
    as      in giving            Current   Giving in
percentag because of            Giving -- absence of      Giving
e of GDP,    smaller   Combined Grants by favorable    attributed to
   2001    government increase   NGOs2 tax policies    tax policies
    30.4%        50.1%   109.2%      211        101               110
    45.2%        15.4%    15.4%        57        49                  8
    45.9%        13.8%    58.2%      141         89                52
    35.0%        39.3%    65.3%      116         70                46
                 49.9%          4.6%       22.8%      17      14       3
                 46.0%         13.6%       13.6%       9       8       1
                 44.9%         16.1%       83.6%     280     153     127
                 36.8%         35.0%       93.2%     808     418     390
                 36.6%         35.5%       51.7%       5       3       2
                 30.1%         50.9%       98.1%     101      51      50
                 43.0%         20.5%       33.9%      32      24       8
                 27.4%         57.3%       76.7%     235     133     102
                 39.8%         28.0%       84.7%     240     130     110
                 33.3%         43.3%       57.0%      11       7       4
                 43.4%         19.6%       34.4%     210     156      54
                 35.6%         37.9%       59.2%       5       3       2
                 35.0%         39.3%       60.8%     133      83      50
                 51.9%          0.0%        0.0%      16      16       0
                 30.0%         51.1%       77.5%     180     101      79
                 37.2%         34.1%       73.1%     327     189     138
                 28.9%         53.7%       89.7%   4,569   2,409   2,160

worker. 2Data for latest available year.

3, OECD (2004); CGD.
Score
   18.0
    5.5
    6.7
    2.4
   11.3
    3.7
    3.4
    4.1
    1.0
    8.3
    0.9
    7.5
   11.2
   20.4
   15.0
    7.4
    3.8
    8.0
    7.0
    4.2
    3.3
Trade                2008
                                         Revealed openness
                      Measured
                      protection
                        (tariff-                  On measured
                     equivalent ad Original (% protection scale
                       valorem)     of GDP)     (tariff-equivalent)   Composite      Score
Australia                      4.8%     10.9%                  0.5%        3.8%           8.5
Austria                      11.3%        5.2%                15.3%       12.3%           5.0
Belgium                      11.4%        5.2%                15.3%       12.3%           5.0
Canada                         5.0%       6.2%                12.8%        7.0%           7.2
Denmark                      11.4%        5.2%                15.3%       12.4%           5.0
Finland                      11.0%        5.2%                15.3%       12.0%           5.1
France                       11.3%        5.2%                15.3%       12.3%           5.0
Germany                      11.4%        5.2%                15.3%       12.3%           5.0
Greece                       11.6%        5.2%                15.3%       12.5%           5.0
Ireland                      11.7%        5.2%                15.3%       12.6%           4.9
Italy                        11.0%        5.2%                15.3%       12.0%           5.2
Japan                        20.3%        8.3%                 7.2%       17.1%           3.1
Netherlands                  10.5%        5.2%                15.3%       11.7%           5.3
New Zealand                    5.1%     11.8%                 -1.8%        3.4%           8.6
Norway                       15.3%        3.2%                20.5%       16.6%           3.3
Portugal                     11.1%        5.2%                15.3%       12.2%           5.1
South Korea                  43.1%      16.2%                -13.2%       29.0%          -1.7
Spain                        11.1%        5.2%                15.3%       12.2%           5.1
Sweden                       11.1%        5.2%                15.3%       12.2%           5.1
Switzerland                  17.5%        3.0%                21.0%       18.3%           2.6
United Kingdom               11.2%        5.2%                15.3%       12.2%           5.1
United States                  5.0%       6.4%                12.1%        6.8%           7.3

Average                     12.4%          6.3%               12.4%         12.4%
Standard deviation           7.6%          2.9%                7.6%

Weight                        75%                               25%


Overall protection, 2004, excluding quotas on textitles and apparel

                                                                      Everything
                             Agricultural commodities                   else




                        Tariffs    Subsidies       Total protection     Tariffs      Total
Australia                     0.2%     11.3%                  11.5%           4.1%       4.8%
Austria                      42.5%     13.6%                  62.0%           5.7%     11.3%
Belgium                      42.5%     13.9%                  62.4%           5.7%     11.4%
Canada                       10.4%     11.0%                  22.5%           3.1%       5.0%
Denmark                      42.5%     14.3%                  62.8%           5.7%     11.4%
Finland                      42.5%     11.1%                  58.4%           5.7%     11.0%
France                      42.5%       13.4%                61.7%           5.7%           11.3%
Germany                     42.5%       13.8%                62.2%           5.7%           11.4%
Greece                      42.5%       15.2%                64.3%           5.7%           11.6%
Ireland                     42.5%       16.3%                65.8%           5.7%           11.7%
Italy                       42.5%       11.1%                58.3%           5.7%           11.0%
Japan                      165.4%        3.2%               173.8%           3.2%           20.3%
Netherlands                 42.5%        7.9%                53.8%           5.7%           10.5%
New Zealand                  0.4%        2.7%                 3.2%           5.3%            5.1%
Norway                      98.9%       13.8%               126.4%           2.9%           15.3%
Portugal                    42.5%       12.2%                59.9%           5.7%           11.1%
South Korea                294.9%        3.6%               309.0%          13.5%           43.1%
Spain                       42.5%       12.2%                59.9%           5.7%           11.1%
Sweden                      42.5%       12.1%                59.8%           5.7%           11.1%
Switzerland                 98.0%       12.2%               122.2%           5.8%           17.5%
United Kingdom              42.5%       12.8%                60.8%           5.7%           11.2%
United States                6.3%       12.2%                19.2%           3.4%            5.0%
EU                          42.5%

Value of production in non-CDI countries        $        317,777 $ 2,849,364
PSE commodity (I.e., corresponds to product groups covered in agricultural subsidy estimates)?


Agricultural commodities--details
                                                                                     Elasticity of substition between imports an

                                                                      Australia        Canada           EU
National currency units, 2004-06 average
Production (farmgate prices, excluding budgetary support)                 35,306          32,165       248,488

Producer Support Estimate (PSE)                                            1,726            7,963       99,617
Support based on commodity output                                               7           3,639       50,087
  Market Price Support (MPS)                                                    7           3,639       46,178
  Payments based on output                                                   -                -          3,909
Payments based on input use                                                1,034              632        9,420
  Variable input use                                                         649              383        3,894
  Fixed capital formation                                                    164              199        3,420
  on-farm services                                                           221                51       2,106
Payments based on current A/An/R/I production required                         15           2,307       25,135
  Of a single commodity                                                         9             841        6,878
  Of a group of commodity                                                    -                243        9,814
  Of all commodities                                                            6           1,224        8,443
Payments based on non-current A/An/R/I production required                      6               44         -
Payments based on non-current A/An/R/I production not required               663            1,314       16,223
  Variable rates                                                             426              274          -
  Fixed rates                                                                238            1,040       14,223
Payments based on non-commodity criteria:                                    -                -          1,027
  Long-term resource retirement                                              -                -            899
  Specific non-commodity output                                              -                -            128
  Other non-commodity criteria                                               -                -            -
Miscellaneous payments                                                       -                  26        (275)

Consumer Support Estimate (CSE)                                              (222)         (3,633)     (43,161)
 Transfers to producers from consumers                                           (4)      (3,629)     (46,252)
 Other transfers from consumers                                                  (3)           (3)     (1,139)
 Transfers to consumers from taxpayers                                        (215)          -          3,359
 Excess feed cost                                                              -             -            871

PSE, 2004-06 ($)                                                             1,294         6,594      140,473
Exchange rate/$, average 2004-06                                               1.33          1.21         0.71

$ figures
Production                                                                   26,469       26,635       350,401

 Export subsidies                                                                2             8         (104)
 Other trade-distorting subsidies                                            1,037         2,996       65,678
Total trade-distorting subsidies                                             1,039         3,004       65,573
Subsidy rate                                                                  3.9%         11.3%        18.7%

Agricultural commodity imports, 2004-06 average                              1,377         7,591       47,580
Agricultural commodity exports, 2004-06 average                             12,992        13,571       26,587
Apparent consumption (world prices)                                         14,811        18,151      266,830
Import share of consumption                                                      9%          42%          18%
Import price elasticity                                                         3.3           2.1          3.0
Tariff equivalent of border measures                                          0.2%         10.4%        42.5%

Tariff equivalent of subsidies                                               11.3%         11.0%        13.4%

Source:Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries- Monitoring and Evaluation 2007; Also data can be found at "Producer and Con
Support Estimates, OECD Database 1986-2006"
Calculations based on William Cline, World Trade and Global Poverty , ch. 3.


EU agricultural commodity breakout

                       Share of
                     contributions
                         to the     Estimated
                       European       CAP                                                            Share of
                      Agricultural  subsidies                                            GDP,       GDP from
                     Guidance and    (billion                           Estimated      (Current     agriculture
                      Guarantee      euros),    Estimated share of   trade-distorting US$), 2006 (% of GDP),
                      Fund, 2006      2006        EU subsidies         subsidies ($)    (billion)     2006
Austria                        2.5%      € 1.22              2.5%     $         1.64          322.0      1.72%
Belgium                        1.9%      € 0.93              1.9%     $         1.25          394.0      1.01%
Denmark                        2.3%      € 1.13              2.3%     $         1.51          275.4      1.65%
Finland                        1.6%      € 0.78              1.6%     $         1.05          210.7      2.64%
France                        20.1%      € 9.83             20.1%     $       13.18        2,248.1       2.05%
Germany                       13.1%      € 6.41             13.1%     $         8.59       2,896.9       0.97%
Greece                         6.2%      € 3.03              6.2%     $         4.07          308.4      3.28%
Ireland                        3.5%      € 1.71              3.5%     $         2.30          220.1      2.08%
Italy                         11.0%      € 5.38             11.0%     $         7.21       1,851.0       2.07%
Netherlands                    2.4%      € 1.17              2.4%     $         1.57          662.3      2.25%
Portugal                       1.9%      € 0.93              1.9%     $         1.25          194.7      2.79%
Spain                         13.3%      € 6.51             13.3%     $         8.72       1,224.7       3.13%
Sweden                        1.9%          € 0.93             1.9% $            1.25           383.8         1.44%
United Kingdom                8.6%          € 4.21             8.6% $            5.64         2,377.0         0.93%

Total                                      € 48.93                     $        59.21

Note: Ireland's share of GDP from agriculture is for 2005.


Source: Commission of the European Community, Annexes to the Commission Staff Working Document Accompanying the 36
Report on the European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund, Guarantee Section—2006 Financial Year, http://ec.europa
Annex 12; ibid; GDP and Agricultural GDP share data from World Development Indicators (2008).


Imports and exports of agricultural commodities, annual average, 2004-2006

                       Imports           Exports
Australia       $          1,377     $     12,992
Canada          $          7,591     $     13,571
                $
European Community        47,580     $     26,587
Japan           $         23,631     $        248
New Zealand     $            717     $      8,147
Norway          $          1,354     $        235
South Korea     $          6,507     $        472
Switzerland     $          2,778     $        803
United States   $         24,746     $     41,517

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, COMTRADE database.

"Agricultural commodities" are goods in Standard International Trade Classificiation, Revision 2 (SITC2) categories 00, 01,
02 (excluding 025), 041-045, 054.1, 054.2, 054.4, 054.81, 057, 06, 08 (excluding 081.42), and 22, per the definition in
OECD, Agric


Revealed openness--Imports from developing countries, 2006

                    Least Developed Countries          Low and middle income

                                                                                          GDP, 2006       Weighted
                    Manufactures     All goods       Manufactures          All goods       (billion $)     total
Australia                    0.10           0.11              34.34               48.99          768.18       83.54
Canada                       0.14           0.14              37.95               38.98       1,251.46        77.21
European Union               1.48           1.54             342.32              356.59     13,452.97       701.93
Japan                        0.30           0.45             159.20              201.41       4,340.13      361.35
New Zealand                  0.00           0.01                5.21               6.99          103.87       12.21
Norway                       0.01           0.01                4.97               5.03          310.96       10.02
South Korea                  0.06           0.15              62.66               80.57          888.02     143.44
Switzerland                  0.02           0.02                5.60               5.88          379.76       11.51
United States                2.33           2.35             412.59              431.82     13,201.82       849.08

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, COMTRADE database.
"Manufactures" are goods in Broad Economic Categories (BEC) processed food & beverages (12), processed industrial
supplies (22), capital goods (4), transportation equipment (5), and consumer goods (6).
Details by sector



                     Bovine
                     cattle,
          Beverage   sheep                       Chemical,
  Animal   s and      and    Bovine    Cereal     rubber,
 products tobacco    goats,   meat     grains      plastic             Crops    Dairy
   nec    products   horses products    nec      products      Coal     nec   products Electricity
     0.0%     1.2%      0.0%   0.0%       0.0%          3.6%    0.0%     0.0%    1.6%
     5.8%    14.0%     50.0% 78.6%       29.3%          3.2%    0.0%     6.5% 70.7%         0.0%
     5.8%    14.0%     50.0% 78.6%       29.3%          3.2%    0.0%     6.5% 70.7%         0.0%
     6.4%     8.0%      0.0%   3.9%       0.5%          1.8%    0.0%     0.5% 111.3%        0.0%
     5.8%    14.0%     50.0% 78.6%       29.3%          3.2%    0.0%     6.5% 70.7%         0.0%
     5.8%    14.0%     50.0% 78.6%       29.3%          3.2%    0.0%     6.5% 70.7%         0.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%     50.0% 78.6%            29.3%       3.2%    0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%     50.0% 78.6%            29.3%       3.2%    0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%     50.0% 78.6%            29.3%       3.2%    0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%     50.0% 78.6%            29.3%       3.2%    0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%     50.0% 78.6%            29.3%       3.2%    0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                 13.0%      10.2%     88.1% 22.2%            32.1%       0.2%    0.0%    6.6% 75.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%     50.0% 78.6%            29.3%       3.2%    0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                  0.0%      82.7%      0.0%   0.2%            0.0%       3.6%    0.0%    0.3% 12.1%    0.0%
                 88.0%      15.5%    231.2% 254.5%           92.2%       0.1%    0.0%   14.0% 130.5%   0.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%     50.0% 78.6%            29.3%       3.2%    0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                 31.3%      27.4%     21.3% 21.5%           409.7%       6.8%    1.0%   38.6% 87.5%    5.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%     50.0% 78.6%            29.3%       3.2%    0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%     50.0% 78.6%            29.3%       3.2%    0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                100.5%      20.3%    154.9% 339.5%           89.6%       0.2%    0.0%   26.5% 221.8%   0.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%     50.0% 78.6%            29.3%       3.2%    0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                  0.4%       9.0%      0.3%   6.6%            1.0%       2.7%    0.0%    6.3% 38.3%    0.0%


             $ 106,160 $ 71,586 $ 10,237 $ 6,364 $ 13,114 292,172.53 17286.9 $ 14,816 $ 3,190 $ 93,661
                      1        0        1       1        1          0      0         1       1        0



bstition between imports and domestically produced goods:      3.6

                                                 SwitzerlandUnited States
               Japan New Zealand NorwaySouth Korea

                 8,504    15,368     18,722    36,059       7,081     236,260

                 4,972       162     19,451    24,109       6,820      38,107
                 4,633         85    10,187    21,921       3,876      13,180
                 4,391         85     8,802    21,921       3,542       8,737
                   241       -        1,386       -           335       4,442
                   165         58       979       518         224       9,383
                     83      -          510       287         107       3,266
                     70      -          387       195         103       1,276
                     13        58         82        36          15      4,841
                     15        19     5,563     1,199         991       3,918
                      9      -            13      446           11      1,311
                      6      -        4,719       233         980         916
                   -           19       860       520         -         1,691
                   -         -        2,722       -             91        -
                   159       -          -         464       1,319       9,420
                   -         -          -         -           -         3,527
                   159       -          -         464       1,319       5,893
                   -         -          -            7        129       2,207
                   -         -          -            7        -         2,119
                   -         -          -         -           129         -
                   -         -          -         -           -             88
                   -         -          -         -           188         -

                (5,835)       (74)    9,564    ######       (4,455)    19,556
               (4,390)        (74)   (9,858) ######     (3,645)    (8,737)
               (1,453)        -        (310) (5,138)    (1,059)    (1,437)
                    3         -          82       90       146     29,731
                    6         -         523     -          103        -

               44,661         109     2,975 23,317      5,464      38,107
                  0.11        1.49      6.54   1.03       1.25        1.00


                76,387     10,340      2,864   34,874    5,673    236,260

                    9           7      (162)     236      (83)        -
                4,496          52     1,421    1,885    1,807      22,453
                4,505          59     1,259    2,121    1,724      22,453
                 5.9%        0.6%     44.0%     6.1%    30.4%        9.5%

               23,631         717     1,354  6,507      2,778      24,746
                  248       8,147       235    803        803      41,517
               52,166       2,866     2,558 14,536      4,841     205,526
                  45%         25%       53%    45%        57%         12%
                   2.0         2.7       1.7    2.0        1.5         3.2
               165.4%        0.4%     98.9% 294.9%      98.0%        6.3%

                 3.2%        2.7%     13.8%     3.6%    12.2%       12.2%

found at "Producer and Consumer




                         Estimated            Tariff
            Estimated    productio           equivale
             share of         n    Estimated nt of
              EU-15      (farmgate subsidy subsidie
            production     prices)    rate      s
                 2.4%     $ 8.32         20% 13.6%
                 1.7%     $ 5.98         21% 13.9%
                 1.9%     $ 6.83         22% 14.3%
                 2.4%     $ 8.36         13% 11.1%
                19.8%     $ 69.27        19% 13.4%
                12.1%     $ 42.24        20% 13.8%
                 4.3%     $ 15.21        27% 15.2%
                 2.0%     $ 6.88         33% 16.3%
                16.4%     $ 57.59        13% 11.1%
                 6.4%     $ 22.40         7%    7.9%
                 2.3%     $ 8.17         15% 12.2%
                16.4%     $ 57.62        15% 12.2%
                    2.4% $ 8.31             15%     12.1%
                    9.5% $ 33.23            17%     12.8%

                    100% $ 350.40           17%




ment Accompanying the 36th Financial
ancial Year, http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/fin,




TC2) categories 00, 01,
 er the definition in




               Weighted
               imports/G
                  DP
                  10.9%
                    6.2%
                    5.2%
                    8.3%
                  11.8%
                    3.2%
                  16.2%
                    3.0%
                    6.4%
processed industrial
                                                             Gas
                                                           manufac             Machinery
                                Food                         ture,               and
Electronic   Ferrous          products                     distributi Leather equipment
equipment    metals   Fishing    nec    Forestry   Gas        on      products   nec
      0.5%       1.2%    0.0%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%       0.0%       9.1%     3.4%
      1.2%       0.8%    5.3%     13.6%     0.3%    0.0%       0.0%       9.1%     1.7%
      1.2%       0.8%    5.3%     13.6%     0.3%    0.0%       0.0%       9.1%     1.7%
      0.1%       0.4%    0.2%      5.1%     0.4%    0.0%       0.0%      10.7%     1.0%
      1.2%       0.8%    5.3%     13.6%     0.3%    0.0%       0.0%       9.1%     1.7%
      1.2%       0.8%    5.3%     13.6%     0.3%    0.0%       0.0%       9.1%     1.7%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    0.0%      0.3%     3.8%     12.3%      1.2%     0.6%    0.0%    14.9%      0.0%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    0.4%      2.3%     0.0%      1.8%      0.0%     0.0%    0.0%     9.4%      2.9%
    0.0%      0.0%     0.6%     21.6%      0.0%     0.0%    0.0%     0.0%      0.0%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    1.3%      2.7%    17.2%     26.8%      5.2%     1.0%    5.0%    10.9%      6.7%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    0.0%      0.0%     0.2%     16.2%      0.7%     0.0%    0.1%     0.1%      0.0%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    0.3%      0.9%     0.2%      5.5%      0.4%     0.0%    0.0%    13.8%      1.9%


$ 309,569 $ 109,431 $ 40,998 $ 109,857 $ 25,890 $ 12,920 $ 3,819 $ 69,417 $ 338,244
         0         0        0         0        0        0       0        0         0
             Meat                      Mineral           Motor
Manufactur products  Metal     Metals products Minerals vehicles           Oil     Paddy
 es nec      nec    products    nec     nec      nec    and parts   Oil   seeds     rice
     3.2%      0.7%     5.0%     1.0%     3.5%    0.2%      5.5%     0.0%   1.4%      0.0%
     1.7%     24.9%     2.6%     3.3%     4.5%    0.1%      1.6%     0.0%   0.0%     78.5%
     1.7%     24.9%     2.6%     3.3%     4.5%    0.1%      1.6%     0.0%   0.0%     78.5%
     1.5%     70.0%     2.7%     0.0%     1.1%    0.0%      3.3%     0.0%   0.0%      0.0%
     1.7%     24.9%     2.6%     3.3%     4.5%    0.1%      1.6%     0.0%   0.0%     78.5%
     1.7%     24.9%     2.6%     3.3%     4.5%    0.1%      1.6%     0.0%   0.0%     78.5%
    1.7%    24.9%     2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%     1.6%     0.0%   0.0%   78.5%
    1.7%    24.9%     2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%     1.6%     0.0%   0.0%   78.5%
    1.7%    24.9%     2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%     1.6%     0.0%   0.0%   78.5%
    1.7%    24.9%     2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%     1.6%     0.0%   0.0%   78.5%
    1.7%    24.9%     2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%     1.6%     0.0%   0.0%   78.5%
    0.4%    28.6%     0.1%     0.3%       0.1%     0.1%     0.0%     0.0%   5.0% 533.9%
    1.7%    24.9%     2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%     1.6%     0.0%   0.0%   78.5%
    3.8%     2.6%     3.9%     0.7%       3.3%     0.0%     5.9%     0.0%   0.0%    0.0%
    0.0%   304.0%     0.0%     0.0%       0.0%     0.0%     0.0%     0.0% 45.9%    39.9%
    1.7%    24.9%     2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%     1.6%     0.0%   0.0%   78.5%
    7.1%    27.0%     7.6%     4.7%       7.5%     2.0%     7.6%     5.0% 282.8% 1000.0%
    1.7%    24.9%     2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%     1.6%     0.0%   0.0%   78.5%
    1.7%    24.9%     2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%     1.6%     0.0%   0.0%   78.5%
    0.1%   275.2%     0.1%     0.0%       0.1%     0.0%     0.3%     0.0% 23.6%     9.5%
    1.7%    24.9%     2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%     1.6%     0.0%   0.0%   78.5%
    2.1%     5.2%     2.7%     2.0%       4.9%     0.5%     3.2%     0.3% 48.8%     5.3%


$ 116,494 $ 30,449 $ 96,582 $ 53,281 $ 165,715 $ 69,643 $ 78,684 $ 36,600 $ 9,702 $ 36,561
         0        1        0        0         0        0        0        0       1        1
  Paper                                       Sugar
products, Petroleu Plant-                     cane,               Transport Vegetabl
publishin m, coal  based Processe             sugar               equipmen e oils and Vegetables
    g     products fibers  d rice    Sugar     beet    Textiles     t nec     fats    , fruit, nuts
    3.6%      0.0%    0.0%    0.0%     0.0%     0.0%     16.5%         2.4%      0.5%         0.6%
    0.0%      0.2%    0.0% 146.6%    117.2%   288.9%       8.2%        2.2%      5.4%       38.7%
    0.0%      0.2%    0.0% 146.6%    117.2%   288.9%       8.2%        2.2%      5.4%       38.7%
    0.0%      0.0%    0.0%    0.0%     2.5%     0.0%     12.7%        10.3%      2.7%         1.9%
    0.0%      0.2%    0.0% 146.6%    117.2%   288.9%       8.2%        2.2%      5.4%       38.7%
    0.0%      0.2%    0.0% 146.6%    117.2%   288.9%       8.2%        2.2%      5.4%       38.7%
   0.0%     0.2%    0.0% 146.6% 117.2% 288.9%           8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   0.0%     0.2%    0.0% 146.6% 117.2% 288.9%           8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   0.0%     0.2%    0.0% 146.6% 117.2% 288.9%           8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   0.0%     0.2%    0.0% 146.6% 117.2% 288.9%           8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   0.0%     0.2%    0.0% 146.6% 117.2% 288.9%           8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   0.0%     2.0%    0.0% 588.8% 204.1%   0.0%           6.4%     0.0%     2.0%     22.6%
   0.0%     0.2%    0.0% 146.6% 117.2% 288.9%           8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   2.2%     4.6%    0.0%    0.0%   0.0%  0.0%           7.9%     2.3%     0.6%      0.1%
   0.0%     0.0%    0.0%   29.3% 67.2% 153.2%           5.1%     0.0%    56.2%     18.4%
   0.0%     0.2%    0.0% 146.6% 117.2% 288.9%           8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   3.0%     5.2%    1.1% 1000.0% 13.1%   3.5%          11.0%     4.3%     8.2%    124.4%
   0.0%     0.2%    0.0% 146.6% 117.2% 288.9%           8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   0.0%     0.2%    0.0% 146.6% 117.2% 288.9%           8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   0.2%     0.0%    0.0%   10.8% 152.4% 72.1%           2.5%     0.0%   108.6%     83.9%
   0.0%     0.2%    0.0% 146.6% 117.2% 288.9%           8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   0.0%     1.1%    1.8%    6.2% 80.2%   0.6%          10.0%     1.7%     2.1%      5.5%


$ 82,872 $ 96,446 $ 7,382 $ 43,405 $ 6,270 $ 3,443 $ 201,623 $ 43,587 $ 20,137 $ 143,168
        0        0       1        1       1       0         0        0        1         0
                          Wool,
                           silk-
Wearing        Wood       worm
apparel Wheat products   cocoons
  22.0%  0.0%     4.3%      0.4%
  10.0% 35.4%     0.9%      0.0%
  10.0% 35.4%     0.9%      0.0%
  15.7%  2.5%     2.6%      0.0%
  10.0% 35.4%     0.9%      0.0%
  10.0% 35.4%     0.9%      0.0%
   10.0% 35.4%        0.9%    0.0%
   10.0% 35.4%        0.9%    0.0%
   10.0% 35.4%        0.9%    0.0%
   10.0% 35.4%        0.9%    0.0%
   10.0% 35.4%        0.9%    0.0%
    9.2% 206.1%       0.8%    3.0%
   10.0% 35.4%        0.9%    0.0%
   14.2%   0.0%       4.6%    0.0%
    4.2% 230.4%       0.0%    0.0%
   10.0% 35.4%        0.9%    0.0%
   11.9%   2.2%       4.8%    1.2%
   10.0% 35.4%        0.9%    0.0%
   10.0% 35.4%        0.9%    0.0%
    2.3% 187.9%       0.1%    0.0%
   10.0% 35.4%        0.9%    0.0%
   11.6%   2.9%       0.8%    0.9%


$ 102,974 $ 9,990 $ 59,693 $ 3,708
         0       1        0       0
Trade                2007
                                      Revealed openness
                      Measured
                      protection               On measured
                        (tariff-                protection
                     equivalent ad Original (% scale (tariff-
                       valorem)     of GDP)     equivalent)           Composite      Score
Australia                      4.7%     10.5%           1.6%               3.9%              8.4
Austria                      11.2%       5.3%         11.9%               11.3%              5.4
Belgium                      11.2%       5.3%         11.9%               11.4%              5.4
Canada                         4.5%      6.4%           9.6%               5.8%              7.7
Denmark                      11.2%       5.3%         11.9%               11.3%              5.4
Finland                      10.8%       5.3%         11.9%               11.1%              5.5
France                       11.0%       5.3%         11.9%               11.2%              5.5
Germany                      11.2%       5.3%         11.9%               11.3%              5.4
Greece                       11.1%       5.3%         11.9%               11.3%              5.5
Ireland                      11.4%       5.3%         11.9%               11.5%              5.4
Italy                        10.7%       5.3%         11.9%               11.0%              5.6
Japan                        20.2%       8.3%           6.0%              16.7%              3.3
Netherlands                  10.4%       5.3%         11.9%               10.8%              5.7
New Zealand                    5.0%     11.1%           0.5%               3.9%              8.4
Norway                       14.8%       3.3%         15.9%               15.1%              3.9
Portugal                     10.8%       5.3%         11.9%               11.1%              5.5
Spain                        10.9%       5.3%         11.9%               11.1%              5.5
Sweden                       11.1%       5.3%         11.9%               11.3%              5.4
Switzerland                  16.8%       3.2%         16.0%               16.6%              3.3
United Kingdom               10.9%       5.3%         11.9%               11.2%              5.5
United States                  5.0%      6.6%           9.2%               6.0%              7.6

Average                     10.7%          5.9%          10.7%              12.4%
Standard deviation           3.7%          1.9%           3.7%

Weight                        75%                          25%


Overall protection, 2004, excluding quotas on textitles and apparel

                                                                      Everything
                             Agricultural commodities                   else




                                                     Total
                        Tariffs    Subsidies       protection           Tariffs      Total
Australia                     0.2%     11.0%             11.1%                4.0%       4.7%
Austria                      44.9%     14.6%             66.0%                5.4%     11.2%
Belgium                      44.9%     14.7%             66.2%                5.4%     11.2%
Canada                       11.3%      7.2%             19.3%                3.0%       4.5%
Denmark                      44.9%     14.6%             66.1%                5.4%     11.2%
Finland                      44.9%     11.9%             62.1%                5.4%     10.8%
France                       44.9%     13.5%             64.5%                5.4%     11.0%
Germany                     44.9%       14.7%          66.2%             5.4%           11.2%
Greece                      44.9%       14.0%          65.2%             5.4%           11.1%
Ireland                     44.9%       16.2%          68.4%             5.4%           11.4%
Italy                       44.9%       11.0%          60.9%             5.4%           10.7%
Japan                      174.5%        3.0%         182.8%             3.0%           20.2%
Netherlands                 44.9%        9.2%          58.2%             5.4%           10.4%
New Zealand                  0.5%        2.6%           3.1%             5.2%            5.0%
Norway                     100.5%       14.2%         129.1%             2.7%           14.8%
Portugal                    44.9%       12.2%          62.5%             5.4%           10.8%
Spain                       44.9%       12.3%          62.8%             5.4%           10.9%
Sweden                      44.9%       14.2%          65.5%             5.4%           11.1%
Switzerland                 99.4%       13.0%         125.4%             5.3%           16.8%
United Kingdom              44.9%       12.8%          63.5%             5.4%           10.9%
United States                6.6%       13.2%          20.6%             3.3%            5.0%
EU                          44.9%

Value of production in non-CDI countries        $    352,554 $ 3,332,287
PSE commodity (I.e., corresponds to product groups covered in agricultural subsidy estimates)?


Agricultural commodities--details
                                                                                  Elasticity of substition between imports and do

                                                                  Australia         Canada           EU
National currency units, 2003-05 average
Production (farmgate prices, excluding budgetary support)             38,296           30,925       247,457

Producer Support Estimate (PSE)                                        1,968            7,677       101,866
  Market Price Support (MPS)                                                3           3,494        50,890
    of which MPS commodities                                                3           2,580        36,851
  Payments based on output                                               -                335         3,954
  Payments based on area planted/animal numbers                            37             642        26,601
  "Counter cyclical payments"
  Payments based on historical entitlements                              231              754         5,506
  Payments based on input use                                          1,091              505         8,946
  Payments based on input constraints                                     11               43         6,394
  Payments based on overall farming income                               593            1,825           -
  Miscellaneous payments                                                   2               80          (426)

Consumer Support Estimate (CSE)                                          (221)          (3,405)     (45,966)
 Transfers to producers from consumers                                      (3)         (3,443)     (50,593)
 Other transfers from consumers                                             (2)             (2)        (635)
 Transfers to consumers from taxpayers                                   (216)              28        3,723
 Excess feed cost                                                         -                 11        1,539

PSE, 2003-05 ($)                                                       1,404            5,884       129,693
Exchange rate/$, average 2003-05                                         1.40             1.30          0.79

$ figures
Production                                                             27,321           23,702       315,055

 Export subsidies                                                         -                 39            378
 Other trade-distorting subsidies                                           895         1,458       61,937
Total trade-distorting subsidies                                            895         1,497       62,315
Subsidy rate                                                               3.3%          6.3%        19.8%

Agricultural commodity imports, 2003-05 average                          1,218         7,015        43,567
Agricultural commodity exports, 2003-05 average                         11,540        12,006        23,888
Apparent consumption (world prices)                                     16,953        16,305       237,065
Import share of consumption                                                  7%          43%           18%
Import price elasticity                                                     3.3           2.1           2.9
Tariff equivalent of border measures                                      0.2%         11.3%         44.9%

Tariff equivalent of subsidies                                           11.0%           7.2%        13.5%

Source: OECD, Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries at a Glance 2006; Also data can be found at "Producer and Consumer
Calculations based on William Cline, World Trade and Global Poverty , ch. 3.


EU agricultural commodity breakout

                       Share of
                     contributions
                         to the     Estimated
                       European       CAP                                                      Share of
                      Agricultural  subsidies                                      GDP,       GDP from
                     Guidance and    (billion       Estimated     Estimated      (Current     agriculture
                      Guarantee      euros),       share of EU trade-distorting US$), 2005     (Current
                      Fund, 2005      2005          subsidies    subsidies ($)    (billion)   US$), 2005
Austria                        2.5%      € 1.22            2.5% $         1.56          306.1      1.54%
Belgium                        2.1%      € 1.03            2.1% $         1.31          370.8      1.04%
Denmark                        2.5%      € 1.22            2.5% $         1.56          258.7      1.81%
Finland                        1.8%      € 0.88            1.8% $         1.12          193.2      2.86%
France                        20.4%      € 9.98           20.4% $       12.71        2,126.6       2.20%
Germany                       13.3%      € 6.51           13.3% $         8.29       2,794.9       0.88%
Greece                         5.6%      € 2.74            5.6% $         3.49          225.2      5.23%
Ireland                        3.7%      € 1.81            3.7% $         2.31          201.8      2.50%
Italy                         11.2%      € 5.48           11.2% $         6.98       1,762.5       2.26%
Netherlands                    2.6%      € 1.27            2.6% $         1.62          624.2      2.06%
Portugal                       1.8%      € 0.88            1.8% $         1.12          183.3      2.87%
Spain                         13.1%      € 6.41           13.1% $         8.16       1,124.6       3.31%
Sweden                         2.0%      € 0.98            2.0% $         1.25          357.7      1.13%
United Kingdom                 8.6%      € 4.21            8.6% $         5.36       2,198.8       1.01%

Total                                    € 48.93                 $       56.83

Note: Ireland's share of GDP from agriculture is for 2004.

Source: Commission of the European Community, Annexes to the Commission Staff Working Document Accompanying the 35
Report on the European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund, Guarantee Section—2005 Financial Year,
http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/fin/finrep05/annexes.pdf, Annex 13; ibid, 35th Financial Report on the European Agricultural Gui
Guarantee Fund, Guarantee Section–2005 Financial Year, http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/fin/finrep05/text_en.pdf; GDP and Ag
share data from World Development Indicators (2007).
Imports and exports of agricultural commodities, annual average, 2003-2005

                       Imports          Exports
Australia       $          1,218    $     11,540
Canada          $          7,015    $     12,006
                $
European Community        43,567    $     23,888
Japan           $         23,325    $        232
New Zealand     $            634    $      7,418
Norway          $          1,228    $        224
Switzerland     $          2,629    $        748
United States   $         22,542    $     39,428

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, COMTRADE database.

"Agricultural commodities" are goods in Standard International Trade Classificiation, Revision 2 (SITC2) categories 00,
01, 02 (excluding 025), 041-045, 054.1, 054.2, 054.4, 054.81, 057, 06, 08 (excluding 081.42), and 22, per the definition
in OECD, Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries: Monitoring and Outlook (Paris: 2005), Table 1.1, note 5.


Revealed openness--Imports from developing countries, 2005

                    Least Developed Countries        Low and middle income

                                                                                   GDP, 2005       Weighted
                    Manufactures     All goods Manufactures         All goods       (billion $)     total
Australia                    0.04           0.10      32.29                44.50          732.50       76.92
Canada                       0.12           0.13      35.21                36.18       1,113.81        71.64
European Union               1.25           1.31     329.57               342.43     12,728.49       674.56
Japan                        0.24           0.35     165.98               208.26       4,533.97      374.83
New Zealand                  0.00           0.04        5.37                6.71          109.29       12.12
Norway                       0.01           0.01        4.78                4.85          295.51        9.65
Switzerland                  0.02           0.02        5.59                6.09          367.03       11.71
United States                1.88           1.89     401.28               419.92     12,416.51       824.97

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, COMTRADE database.

"Manufactures" are goods in Broad Economic Categories (BEC) processed food & beverages (12), processed industrial
supplies (22), capital goods (4), transportation equipment (5), and consumer goods (6).
Details by sector



                       Bovine
                       cattle,
            Beverag    sheep Bovine               Chemical,
 Animal      es and     and    meat     Cereal     rubber,                    Dairy
products    tobacco    goats, product   grains     plastic             Crops product
  nec       products   horses    s       nec      products     Coal     nec     s    Electricity
    0.0%        1.2%      0.0%   0.0%      0.0%         3.6%    0.0%     0.0%   1.6%
    5.8%       14.0%     50.0% 78.6%      29.3%         3.2%    0.0%     6.5% 70.7%        0.0%
    5.8%       14.0%     50.0% 78.6%      29.3%         3.2%    0.0%     6.5% 70.7%        0.0%
    6.4%        8.0%      0.0%   3.9%      0.5%         1.8%    0.0%     0.5% 111.3%       0.0%
    5.8%       14.0%     50.0% 78.6%      29.3%         3.2%    0.0%     6.5% 70.7%        0.0%
    5.8%       14.0%     50.0% 78.6%      29.3%         3.2%    0.0%     6.5% 70.7%        0.0%
    5.8%       14.0%     50.0% 78.6%      29.3%         3.2%    0.0%     6.5% 70.7%        0.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%       50.0% 78.6%          29.3%    3.2%   0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%       50.0% 78.6%          29.3%    3.2%   0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%       50.0% 78.6%          29.3%    3.2%   0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%       50.0% 78.6%          29.3%    3.2%   0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                 13.0%      10.2%       88.1% 22.2%          32.1%    0.2%   0.0%    6.6% 75.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%       50.0% 78.6%          29.3%    3.2%   0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                  0.0%      82.7%        0.0%   0.2%          0.0%    3.6%   0.0%    0.3% 12.1%    0.0%
                 88.0%      15.5%      231.2% 254.5%         92.2%    0.1%   0.0%   14.0% 130.5%   0.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%       50.0% 78.6%          29.3%    3.2%   0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%       50.0% 78.6%          29.3%    3.2%   0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%       50.0% 78.6%          29.3%    3.2%   0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                100.5%      20.3%      154.9% 339.5%         89.6%    0.2%   0.0%   26.5% 221.8%   0.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%       50.0% 78.6%          29.3%    3.2%   0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                  0.4%       9.0%        0.3%   6.6%          1.0%    2.7%   0.0%    6.3% 38.3%    0.0%


             $ 109,527 $ 79,914 $ 12,635 $ 8,292 $ 13,363 357,027.04 17373.2 $ 16,944 $ 6,312 $ 119,014
                      1        0        1       1        1          0      0         1       1         0



                                                       3.6
bstition between imports and domestically produced goods:

                                                 United States
               Japan New Zealand Norway Switzerland

                 8,833    14,247       18,521    7,091     226,691

                 5,383       324       19,834    7,173      40,489
                 4,881       251        8,969    3,877      10,514
                 3,250       192        7,215    3,012       7,085
                   151       -          1,423      337       5,201
                     4       -          3,820      956       2,274
                                                             3,331
                     21       -         1,684    1,337       5,675
                   174            56    2,899      322       8,365
                   151        -           430      150       2,956
                   -              16      608      -         2,173
                   -          -           -        194

                (6,623)      (233)     (9,582)   (4,673)    15,874
                (4,880)      (233)     (9,843)   (3,898)   (10,514)
                (1,754)       -          (349)   (1,055)    (1,771)
                     4        -           111       179     28,159
                     7        -           500       101        -

                48,324       212        2,935    5,619      40,489
                   0.11      1.53         6.76     1.28        1.00


                 79,295     9,322       2,741     5,555    226,691

                     9            12     (129)      (16)       -
                  4,403         37     1,393    1,906    24,965
                  4,412         48     1,264    1,890    24,965
                   5.6%       0.5%     46.1%    34.0%     11.0%

                23,325         634     1,228    2,629  22,542
                   232       7,418       224      748  39,428
                51,981       2,488     2,370    4,666 195,799
                   45%         25%       52%      56%     12%
                    2.0         2.7       1.7      1.6     3.2
                174.5%        0.5%    100.5%    99.4%    6.6%

                   3.0%       2.6%     14.2%    13.0%    13.2%

und at "Producer and Consumer Support Estimates, OECD Database 1986-2005"




                          Estimated            Tariff
             Estimated    productio           equivale
              share of         n    Estimated nt of
               EU-15      (farmgate subsidy subsidie
             production     prices)    rate      s
                  2.1%     $ 6.50         24% 14.6%
                  1.7%     $ 5.32         25% 14.7%
                  2.1%     $ 6.46         24% 14.6%
                  2.4%     $ 7.62         15% 11.9%
                 20.5%     $ 64.44        20% 13.5%
                 10.8%     $ 33.90        24% 14.7%
                  5.2%     $ 16.24        21% 14.0%
                  2.2%     $ 6.96         33% 16.2%
                 17.4%     $ 54.94        13% 11.0%
                  5.6%     $ 17.72         9%    9.2%
                  2.3%     $ 7.25         15% 12.2%
                 16.3%     $ 51.38        16% 12.3%
                  1.8%     $ 5.55         22% 14.2%
                  9.8%     $ 30.76        17% 12.8%

                  100% $ 315.06          18%




Document Accompanying the 35th Financial
  Financial Year,
n the European Agricultural Guidance and
 rep05/text_en.pdf; GDP and Agricultural GDP
(SITC2) categories 00,
nd 22, per the definition
 1.1, note 5.




              Weighted
              imports/G
                 DP
                 10.5%
                   6.4%
                   5.3%
                   8.3%
                 11.1%
                   3.3%
                   3.2%
                   6.6%




12), processed industrial
                                                              Gas
                                                            manufa           Machinery
Electronic                       Food                        cture,             and
equipmen      Ferrous          products                     distribu Leather equipmen
     t        metals   Fishing    nec    Forestry   Gas       tion products    t nec
       0.5%       1.2%    0.0%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%       0.0%    9.1%      3.4%
       1.2%       0.8%    5.3%     13.6%     0.3%    0.0%       0.0%    9.1%      1.7%
       1.2%       0.8%    5.3%     13.6%     0.3%    0.0%       0.0%    9.1%      1.7%
       0.1%       0.4%    0.2%      5.1%     0.4%    0.0%       0.0%   10.7%      1.0%
       1.2%       0.8%    5.3%     13.6%     0.3%    0.0%       0.0%    9.1%      1.7%
       1.2%       0.8%    5.3%     13.6%     0.3%    0.0%       0.0%    9.1%      1.7%
       1.2%       0.8%    5.3%     13.6%     0.3%    0.0%       0.0%    9.1%      1.7%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    0.0%      0.3%     3.8%     12.3%      1.2%     0.6%    0.0%    14.9%      0.0%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    0.4%      2.3%     0.0%      1.8%      0.0%     0.0%    0.0%     9.4%      2.9%
    0.0%      0.0%     0.6%     21.6%      0.0%     0.0%    0.0%     0.0%      0.0%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    0.0%      0.0%     0.2%     16.2%      0.7%     0.0%    0.1%     0.1%      0.0%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    0.3%      0.9%     0.2%      5.5%      0.4%     0.0%    0.0%    13.8%      1.9%


$ 378,851 $ 142,203 $ 43,423 $ 127,145 $ 26,634 $ 12,920 $ 3,824 $ 73,451 $ 413,194
         0         0        0         0        0        0       0        0         0
           Meat                      Mineral           Motor
Manufact products   Metal    Metals products Minerals vehicles           Oil     Paddy
ures nec   nec    products    nec     nec      nec    and parts   Oil   seeds     rice
     3.2%    0.7%     5.0%     1.0%     3.5%    0.2%       5.5%    0.0%   1.4%      0.0%
     1.7%   24.9%     2.6%     3.3%     4.5%    0.1%       1.6%    0.0%   0.0%     78.5%
     1.7%   24.9%     2.6%     3.3%     4.5%    0.1%       1.6%    0.0%   0.0%     78.5%
     1.5%   70.0%     2.7%     0.0%     1.1%    0.0%       3.3%    0.0%   0.0%      0.0%
     1.7%   24.9%     2.6%     3.3%     4.5%    0.1%       1.6%    0.0%   0.0%     78.5%
     1.7%   24.9%     2.6%     3.3%     4.5%    0.1%       1.6%    0.0%   0.0%     78.5%
     1.7%   24.9%     2.6%     3.3%     4.5%    0.1%       1.6%    0.0%   0.0%     78.5%
    1.7%    24.9%      2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%      1.6%     0.0%    0.0%    78.5%
    1.7%    24.9%      2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%      1.6%     0.0%    0.0%    78.5%
    1.7%    24.9%      2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%      1.6%     0.0%    0.0%    78.5%
    1.7%    24.9%      2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%      1.6%     0.0%    0.0%    78.5%
    0.4%    28.6%      0.1%     0.3%       0.1%     0.1%      0.0%     0.0%    5.0%   533.9%
    1.7%    24.9%      2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%      1.6%     0.0%    0.0%    78.5%
    3.8%     2.6%      3.9%     0.7%       3.3%     0.0%      5.9%     0.0%    0.0%     0.0%
    0.0%   304.0%      0.0%     0.0%       0.0%     0.0%      0.0%     0.0%   45.9%    39.9%
    1.7%    24.9%      2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%      1.6%     0.0%    0.0%    78.5%
    1.7%    24.9%      2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%      1.6%     0.0%    0.0%    78.5%
    1.7%    24.9%      2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%      1.6%     0.0%    0.0%    78.5%
    0.1%   275.2%      0.1%     0.0%       0.1%     0.0%      0.3%     0.0%   23.6%     9.5%
    1.7%    24.9%      2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%      1.6%     0.0%    0.0%    78.5%
    2.1%     5.2%      2.7%     2.0%       4.9%     0.5%      3.2%     0.3%   48.8%     5.3%


$ 122,214 $ 34,738 $ 111,334 $ 61,764 $ 177,147 $ 71,284 $ 121,758 $ 36,600 $ 9,879 $ 44,163
         0        1         0        0         0        0         0        0       1        1
 Paper
products                                      Sugar               Transpor
    ,     Petroleum Plant-                    cane,                   t    Vegetabl Vegetable
publishin   , coal   based Processe           sugar               equipme e oils     s, fruit,
   g      products fibers    d rice  Sugar     beet    Textiles    nt nec and fats    nuts
    3.6%        0.0%   0.0%     0.0%   0.0%     0.0%      16.5%       2.4%    0.5%        0.6%
    0.0%        0.2%   0.0% 146.6% 117.2%     288.9%       8.2%       2.2%    5.4%       38.7%
    0.0%        0.2%   0.0% 146.6% 117.2%     288.9%       8.2%       2.2%    5.4%       38.7%
    0.0%        0.0%   0.0%     0.0%   2.5%     0.0%      12.7%      10.3%    2.7%        1.9%
    0.0%        0.2%   0.0% 146.6% 117.2%     288.9%       8.2%       2.2%    5.4%       38.7%
    0.0%        0.2%   0.0% 146.6% 117.2%     288.9%       8.2%       2.2%    5.4%       38.7%
    0.0%        0.2%   0.0% 146.6% 117.2%     288.9%       8.2%       2.2%    5.4%       38.7%
   0.0%      0.2%    0.0%   146.6%   117.2%   288.9%     8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   0.0%      0.2%    0.0%   146.6%   117.2%   288.9%     8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   0.0%      0.2%    0.0%   146.6%   117.2%   288.9%     8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   0.0%      0.2%    0.0%   146.6%   117.2%   288.9%     8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   0.0%      2.0%    0.0%   588.8%   204.1%     0.0%     6.4%     0.0%     2.0%     22.6%
   0.0%      0.2%    0.0%   146.6%   117.2%   288.9%     8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   2.2%      4.6%    0.0%     0.0%     0.0%     0.0%     7.9%     2.3%     0.6%      0.1%
   0.0%      0.0%    0.0%    29.3%    67.2%   153.2%     5.1%     0.0%    56.2%     18.4%
   0.0%      0.2%    0.0%   146.6%   117.2%   288.9%     8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   0.0%      0.2%    0.0%   146.6%   117.2%   288.9%     8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   0.0%      0.2%    0.0%   146.6%   117.2%   288.9%     8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   0.2%      0.0%    0.0%    10.8%   152.4%    72.1%     2.5%     0.0%   108.6%     83.9%
   0.0%      0.2%    0.0%   146.6%   117.2%   288.9%     8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   0.0%      1.1%    1.8%     6.2%    80.2%     0.6%    10.0%     1.7%     2.1%      5.5%


$ 99,224 $ 121,775 $ 7,418 $ 49,889 $ 7,025 $ 3,445 $ 224,500 $ 55,966 $ 21,152 $ 152,016
        0         0       1        1       1       0         0        0        1         0
                            Wool,
                            silk-
                            worm
Wearing          Wood      cocoon
apparel   Wheat products      s
  22.0%     0.0%    4.3%      0.4%
  10.0%    35.4%    0.9%      0.0%
  10.0%    35.4%    0.9%      0.0%
  15.7%     2.5%    2.6%      0.0%
  10.0%    35.4%    0.9%      0.0%
  10.0%    35.4%    0.9%      0.0%
  10.0%    35.4%    0.9%      0.0%
   10.0%    35.4%      0.9%    0.0%
   10.0%    35.4%      0.9%    0.0%
   10.0%    35.4%      0.9%    0.0%
   10.0%    35.4%      0.9%    0.0%
    9.2%   206.1%      0.8%    3.0%
   10.0%    35.4%      0.9%    0.0%
   14.2%     0.0%      4.6%    0.0%
    4.2%   230.4%      0.0%    0.0%
   10.0%    35.4%      0.9%    0.0%
   10.0%    35.4%      0.9%    0.0%
   10.0%    35.4%      0.9%    0.0%
    2.3%   187.9%      0.1%    0.0%
   10.0%    35.4%      0.9%    0.0%
   11.6%     2.9%      0.8%    0.9%


$ 110,902 $ 11,215 $ 63,659 $ 3,726
         0        1        0       0
Trade                2006
                                      Revealed openness
                      Measured
                      protection               On measured
                        (tariff-                protection
                     equivalent ad Original (% scale (tariff-
                       valorem)     of GDP)     equivalent)           Composite      Score
Australia                      3.8%      9.8%           0.4%               3.0%              8.8
Austria                      11.1%       4.7%         11.9%               11.3%              5.5
Belgium                      11.2%       4.7%         11.9%               11.4%              5.4
Canada                         5.3%      6.1%           8.8%               6.2%              7.5
Denmark                      11.1%       4.7%         11.9%               11.3%              5.4
Finland                      10.7%       4.7%         11.9%               11.0%              5.6
France                       11.0%       4.7%         11.9%               11.2%              5.5
Germany                      11.1%       4.7%         11.9%               11.3%              5.5
Greece                       11.1%       4.7%         11.9%               11.3%              5.5
Ireland                      11.5%       4.7%         11.9%               11.6%              5.3
Italy                        10.7%       4.7%         11.9%               11.0%              5.6
Japan                        20.3%       7.3%           5.9%              16.7%              3.3
Netherlands                  10.4%       4.7%         11.9%               10.8%              5.6
New Zealand                    5.0%      9.0%           2.0%               4.2%              8.3
Norway                       14.9%       3.0%         15.7%               15.1%              3.9
Portugal                     10.7%       4.7%         11.9%               11.0%              5.6
Spain                        10.9%       4.7%         11.9%               11.2%              5.5
Sweden                       10.8%       4.7%         11.9%               11.0%              5.6
Switzerland                  16.8%       2.8%         16.4%               16.7%              3.3
United Kingdom               11.1%       4.7%         11.9%               11.3%              5.5
United States                  4.9%      6.1%           8.7%               5.9%              7.6

Average                     10.7%          5.2%          10.7%              12.4%
Standard deviation           3.7%          1.6%           3.7%

Weight                        75%                          25%


Overall protection, 2004, excluding quotas on textitles and apparel

                                                                      Everything
                             Agricultural commodities                   else




                                                     Total
                        Tariffs    Subsidies       protection           Tariffs      Total
Australia                     0.2%      2.0%               2.2%               4.0%       3.8%
Austria                      44.9%     13.8%             64.9%                5.4%     11.1%
Belgium                      44.9%     14.7%             66.2%                5.4%     11.2%
Canada                       11.3%     14.5%             27.4%                3.0%       5.3%
Denmark                      44.9%     14.4%             65.8%                5.4%     11.1%
Finland                      44.9%     11.5%             61.6%                5.4%     10.7%
France                       44.9%     13.2%             64.1%                5.4%     11.0%
Germany                     44.9%       13.8%          65.0%             5.4%          11.1%
Greece                      44.9%       13.9%          65.0%             5.4%          11.1%
Ireland                     44.9%       16.8%          69.3%             5.4%          11.5%
Italy                       44.9%       10.9%          60.7%             5.4%          10.7%
Japan                      174.5%        3.3%         183.5%             3.0%          20.3%
Netherlands                 44.9%        9.3%          58.4%             5.4%          10.4%
New Zealand                  0.5%        2.2%           2.8%             5.2%           5.0%
Norway                     100.5%       15.1%         130.8%             2.7%          14.9%
Portugal                    44.9%       11.3%          61.4%             5.4%          10.7%
Spain                       44.9%       12.9%          63.7%             5.4%          10.9%
Sweden                      44.9%       11.6%          61.8%             5.4%          10.8%
Switzerland                 99.4%       12.8%         125.0%             5.3%          16.8%
United Kingdom              44.9%       14.0%          65.1%             5.4%          11.1%
United States                6.6%       12.8%          20.2%             3.3%           4.9%
EU                          44.9%

Value of production in non-CDI countries        $    352,554 $ 3,332,287
PSE commodity (I.e., corresponds to product groups covered in agricultural subsidy estimates)?


Agricultural commodities--details
                                                                                 Elasticity of substition between imports and do

                                                                  Australia        Canada           EU
National currency units, 2002-04 average
Production (farmgate prices, excluding budgetary support)             37,383          21,118       254,056

Producer Support Estimate (PSE)                                        1,689           7,816       103,050
  Market Price Support (MPS)                                               13          3,737        56,230
    of which MPS commodities                                               11          2,783        40,764
  Payments based on output                                               -               345         3,630
  Payments based on area planted/animal numbers                            37            825        28,715
  "Counter cyclical payments"
  Payments based on historical entitlements                              183           1,026         1,188
  Payments based on input use                                          1,284             402         8,457
  Payments based on input constraints                                    -                 5         4,961
  Payments based on overall farming income                               171           1,362            10
  Miscellaneous payments                                                 -               114          (142)

Consumer Support Estimate (CSE)                                          (490)         (3,514)     (51,480)
 Transfers to producers from consumers                                   (494)         (3,338)     (55,366)
 Other transfers from consumers                                           -              (217)      (1,011)
 Transfers to consumers from taxpayers                                    -                28        3,708
 Excess feed cost                                                           4              12        1,190

PSE, 2002-04 ($)                                                       1,068           6,082       114,274
Exchange rate/$, average 2002-04                                         1.58            1.29          0.90

$ figures
Production                                                             23,638          16,433       281,727

 Export subsidies                                                        (304)           310             958
 Other trade-distorting subsidies                                           893          1,626        51,406
Total trade-distorting subsidies                                            589          1,937        52,364
Subsidy rate                                                               2.5%          11.8%         18.6%

Agricultural commodity imports, 2002-04 average                         10,777          6,591         38,394
Agricultural commodity exports, 2002-04 average                          1,002         11,071         21,373
Apparent consumption (world prices)                                     33,372         10,285        211,411
Import share of consumption                                                32%            64%            18%
Import price elasticity                                                     2.4            1.3            2.9
Tariff equivalent of border measures                                      0.2%          11.3%          44.9%

Tariff equivalent of subsidies                                             2.0%          14.5%         13.2%

Source: OECD, Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries: Monitoring and Evaluation (Paris: 2005); UNCTAD, TRAINS.
Calculations based on William Cline, World Trade and Global Poverty , ch. 3.

EU agricultural commodity breakout

                       Share of
                     contributions
                         to the     Estimated
                       European       CAP
                      Agricultural  subsidies                                                      Share of
                     Guidance and    (billion      Estimated        Estimated                     GDP from
                      Guarantee      euros),      share of EU    trade-distorting GDP, 2004       agriculture,
                      Fund, 2004      2004         subsidies       subsidies ($)   (billion $)       2004
Austria                        2.6%      € 1.16           2.6%    $         1.36            290          2.0%
Belgium                        2.4%      € 1.07           2.4%    $         1.26            350          1.3%
Denmark                        2.7%      € 1.21           2.7%    $         1.41            243          2.2%
Finland                        1.9%      € 0.85           1.9%    $         0.99            187          3.4%
France                        21.0%      € 9.39          21.0%    $       11.00           2,000          2.6%
Germany                       13.5%      € 6.04          13.5%    $         7.07          2,710          1.1%
Greece                         6.2%      € 2.77           6.2%    $         3.25            203          6.7%
Ireland                        4.1%      € 1.83           4.1%    $         2.15            184          2.7%
Italy                         11.2%      € 5.01          11.2%    $         5.86          1,670          2.5%
Netherlands                    2.8%      € 1.25           2.8%    $         1.47            577          2.4%
Portugal                       1.8%      € 0.80           1.8%    $         0.94            168          3.7%
Spain                         14.1%      € 6.31          14.1%    $         7.38            991          3.7%
Sweden                         1.9%      € 0.85           1.9%    $         0.99            346          1.8%
United Kingdom                 8.9%      € 3.98           8.9%    $         4.66          2,140          0.9%
                                                          0.0%                0%
Total                                   € 44.72                   $       49.80

Source: Commission of the European Community, Annexes to the Commission Staff Working Document Accompanying the 34
Report on the European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund, Guarantee Section—2004 Financial Year,
http://europa.eu.int/comm/agriculture/fin/finrep04/annex_fr.pdf, Annex 11; ibid, 34th Financial Report on the European Agricultu
and Guarantee Fund, Guarantee Section–2004 Financial Year, http://europa.eu.int/comm/agriculture/fin/finrep03/en.pdf, Annex
GDP and Agricultural GDP share data from World Development Indicators (WDI 2006).


Imports and exports of agricultural commodities, annual average, 2002-2004
                       Imports          Exports
Australia       $          1,002    $     10,777
Canada          $          6,591    $     11,071
                $
European Community        38,394    $     21,373
Japan           $         21,820    $        223
New Zealand     $            552    $      6,400
Norway          $          1,082    $        209
Switzerland     $          2,397    $        672
United States   $         20,766    $     37,529

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, COMTRADE database.

"Agricultural commodities" are goods in Standard International Trade Classificiation, Revision 2 (SITC2) categories 00,
01, 02 (excluding 025), 041-045, 054.1, 054.2, 054.4, 054.81, 057, 06, 08 (excluding 081.42), and 22, per the definition
in OECD, Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries: Monitoring and Outlook (Paris: 2005), Table 1.1, note 5.


Revealed openness--Imports from developing countries, 2004

                    Least Developed Countries        Low and middle income

                                                                                   GDP, 2005       Weighted
                    Manufactures     All goods Manufactures         All goods       (billion $)     total
Australia                    0.02           0.09      27.68                36.25          655.63       64.04
Canada                       0.13           0.13      29.07                29.97          976.76       59.30
European Union               1.57           1.62     282.86               293.50     12,317.84       579.54
Japan                        0.22           0.33     149.26               186.49       4,584.88      336.30
New Zealand                  0.00           0.00        4.22                4.68           98.47        8.91
Norway                       0.01           0.01        3.81                3.86          254.71        7.69
Switzerland                  0.02           0.02        4.83                5.00          358.61        9.86
United States                1.59           1.61     346.69               362.67     11,679.20       712.55

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, COMTRADE database.

"Manufactures" are goods in Broad Economic Categories (BEC) processed food & beverages (12), processed industrial
supplies (22), capital goods (4), transportation equipment (5), and consumer goods (6).
Details by sector



                       Bovine
                       cattle,
            Beverag    sheep Bovine               Chemical,
 Animal      es and     and    meat     Cereal     rubber,                    Dairy
products    tobacco    goats, product   grains     plastic             Crops product
  nec       products   horses    s       nec      products     Coal     nec     s    Electricity
    0.0%        1.2%      0.0%   0.0%      0.0%         3.6%    0.0%     0.0%   1.6%
    5.8%       14.0%     50.0% 78.6%      29.3%         3.2%    0.0%     6.5% 70.7%        0.0%
    5.8%       14.0%     50.0% 78.6%      29.3%         3.2%    0.0%     6.5% 70.7%        0.0%
    6.4%        8.0%      0.0%   3.9%      0.5%         1.8%    0.0%     0.5% 111.3%       0.0%
    5.8%       14.0%     50.0% 78.6%      29.3%         3.2%    0.0%     6.5% 70.7%        0.0%
    5.8%       14.0%     50.0% 78.6%      29.3%         3.2%    0.0%     6.5% 70.7%        0.0%
    5.8%       14.0%     50.0% 78.6%      29.3%         3.2%    0.0%     6.5% 70.7%        0.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%       50.0% 78.6%           29.3%       3.2%   0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%       50.0% 78.6%           29.3%       3.2%   0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%       50.0% 78.6%           29.3%       3.2%   0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%       50.0% 78.6%           29.3%       3.2%   0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                 13.0%      10.2%       88.1% 22.2%           32.1%       0.2%   0.0%    6.6% 75.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%       50.0% 78.6%           29.3%       3.2%   0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                  0.0%      82.7%        0.0%   0.2%           0.0%       3.6%   0.0%    0.3% 12.1%    0.0%
                 88.0%      15.5%      231.2% 254.5%          92.2%       0.1%   0.0%   14.0% 130.5%   0.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%       50.0% 78.6%           29.3%       3.2%   0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%       50.0% 78.6%           29.3%       3.2%   0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%       50.0% 78.6%           29.3%       3.2%   0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                100.5%      20.3%      154.9% 339.5%          89.6%       0.2%   0.0%   26.5% 221.8%   0.0%
                  5.8%      14.0%       50.0% 78.6%           29.3%       3.2%   0.0%    6.5% 70.7%    0.0%
                  0.4%       9.0%        0.3%   6.6%           1.0%       2.7%   0.0%    6.3% 38.3%    0.0%


             $ 109,527 $ 79,914 $ 12,635 $ 8,292 $ 13,363 357,027.04 17373.2 $ 16,944 $ 6,312 $ 119,014
                      1        0        1       1        1          0      0         1       1         0



bstition between imports and domestically produced goods:           3.6

                                                 United States
               Japan New Zealand Norway Switzerland

                 8,912    13,933       18,375     7,152     210,871

                 5,456       318       21,064     7,339      40,409
                 4,915       262        9,912     4,085      14,272
                 3,256       187        7,886     3,179       9,471
                   173       -          1,961       348       4,093
                   -         -          3,721       936       2,494
                                                              2,703
                     24       -         1,128     1,307       5,961
                   179            55    3,367       332       7,118
                   164        -           437       141       1,959
                   -              2       537       -         2,079
                   -          -           -         191

                (6,848)      (254)     (10,296)   (4,877)     9,725
                (4,914)      (254)     (10,515)   (4,103)   (14,272)
                (1,899)       -           (446)   (1,048)    (1,931)
                     6        -            130       162     25,928
                     6        -            535       113        -

                46,924       186        2,902     5,343      40,409
                   0.12      1.71         7.26      1.37        1.00


                 76,647     8,149        2,532     5,207    210,871

                     9            5        (83)      (13)       -
                  4,541         32     1,385    1,755    21,348
                  4,550         37     1,302    1,742    21,348
                   5.9%       0.5%     51.4%    33.5%     10.1%

                21,820         552     1,082    2,397  20,766
                   223       6,400       209      672  37,529
                49,521       2,257     2,136    4,336 181,079
                   44%         24%       51%      55%     11%
                    2.0         2.7       1.8      1.6     3.2
                174.5%        0.5%    100.5%    99.4%    6.6%

                   3.3%       2.2%     15.1%    12.8%    12.8%

5); UNCTAD, TRAINS.




                          Estimated            Tariff
             Estimated    productio           equivale
              share of         n    Estimated nt of
               EU-15      (farmgate subsidy subsidie
             production     prices)    rate      s
                  2.4%     $ 6.63         21% 13.8%
                  1.8%     $ 5.20         24% 14.7%
                  2.2%     $ 6.11         23% 14.4%
                  2.6%     $ 7.27         14% 11.5%
                 21.1%     $ 59.45        18% 13.2%
                 12.1%     $ 34.08        21% 13.8%
                  5.5%     $ 15.55        21% 13.9%
                  2.0%     $ 5.68         38% 16.8%
                 16.9%     $ 47.74        12% 10.9%
                  5.6%     $ 15.83         9%    9.3%
                  2.5%     $ 7.11         13% 11.3%
                 14.9%     $ 41.92        18% 12.9%
                  2.5%     $ 7.12         14% 11.6%
                  7.8%     $ 22.02        21% 14.0%

                  100% $ 281.73          18%

Document Accompanying the 34th Financial
 Financial Year,
eport on the European Agricultural Guidance
ulture/fin/finrep03/en.pdf, Annex7.
(SITC2) categories 00,
nd 22, per the definition
 1.1, note 5.




              Weighted
              imports/G
                 DP
                   9.8%
                   6.1%
                   4.7%
                   7.3%
                   9.0%
                   3.0%
                   2.8%
                   6.1%




12), processed industrial
                                                              Gas
                                                            manufa           Machinery
Electronic                       Food                        cture,             and
equipmen      Ferrous          products                     distribu Leather equipmen
     t        metals   Fishing    nec    Forestry   Gas       tion products    t nec
       0.5%       1.2%    0.0%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%       0.0%    9.1%      3.4%
       1.2%       0.8%    5.3%     13.6%     0.3%    0.0%       0.0%    9.1%      1.7%
       1.2%       0.8%    5.3%     13.6%     0.3%    0.0%       0.0%    9.1%      1.7%
       0.1%       0.4%    0.2%      5.1%     0.4%    0.0%       0.0%   10.7%      1.0%
       1.2%       0.8%    5.3%     13.6%     0.3%    0.0%       0.0%    9.1%      1.7%
       1.2%       0.8%    5.3%     13.6%     0.3%    0.0%       0.0%    9.1%      1.7%
       1.2%       0.8%    5.3%     13.6%     0.3%    0.0%       0.0%    9.1%      1.7%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    0.0%      0.3%     3.8%     12.3%      1.2%     0.6%    0.0%    14.9%      0.0%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    0.4%      2.3%     0.0%      1.8%      0.0%     0.0%    0.0%     9.4%      2.9%
    0.0%      0.0%     0.6%     21.6%      0.0%     0.0%    0.0%     0.0%      0.0%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    0.0%      0.0%     0.2%     16.2%      0.7%     0.0%    0.1%     0.1%      0.0%
    1.2%      0.8%     5.3%     13.6%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      1.7%
    0.3%      0.9%     0.2%      5.5%      0.4%     0.0%    0.0%    13.8%      1.9%


$ 378,851 $ 142,203 $ 43,423 $ 127,145 $ 26,634 $ 12,920 $ 3,824 $ 73,451 $ 413,194
         0         0        0         0        0        0       0        0         0
           Meat                      Mineral           Motor
Manufact products   Metal    Metals products Minerals vehicles           Oil     Paddy
ures nec   nec    products    nec     nec      nec    and parts   Oil   seeds     rice
     3.2%    0.7%     5.0%     1.0%     3.5%    0.2%       5.5%    0.0%   1.4%      0.0%
     1.7%   24.9%     2.6%     3.3%     4.5%    0.1%       1.6%    0.0%   0.0%     78.5%
     1.7%   24.9%     2.6%     3.3%     4.5%    0.1%       1.6%    0.0%   0.0%     78.5%
     1.5%   70.0%     2.7%     0.0%     1.1%    0.0%       3.3%    0.0%   0.0%      0.0%
     1.7%   24.9%     2.6%     3.3%     4.5%    0.1%       1.6%    0.0%   0.0%     78.5%
     1.7%   24.9%     2.6%     3.3%     4.5%    0.1%       1.6%    0.0%   0.0%     78.5%
     1.7%   24.9%     2.6%     3.3%     4.5%    0.1%       1.6%    0.0%   0.0%     78.5%
    1.7%    24.9%      2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%      1.6%     0.0%    0.0%    78.5%
    1.7%    24.9%      2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%      1.6%     0.0%    0.0%    78.5%
    1.7%    24.9%      2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%      1.6%     0.0%    0.0%    78.5%
    1.7%    24.9%      2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%      1.6%     0.0%    0.0%    78.5%
    0.4%    28.6%      0.1%     0.3%       0.1%     0.1%      0.0%     0.0%    5.0%   533.9%
    1.7%    24.9%      2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%      1.6%     0.0%    0.0%    78.5%
    3.8%     2.6%      3.9%     0.7%       3.3%     0.0%      5.9%     0.0%    0.0%     0.0%
    0.0%   304.0%      0.0%     0.0%       0.0%     0.0%      0.0%     0.0%   45.9%    39.9%
    1.7%    24.9%      2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%      1.6%     0.0%    0.0%    78.5%
    1.7%    24.9%      2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%      1.6%     0.0%    0.0%    78.5%
    1.7%    24.9%      2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%      1.6%     0.0%    0.0%    78.5%
    0.1%   275.2%      0.1%     0.0%       0.1%     0.0%      0.3%     0.0%   23.6%     9.5%
    1.7%    24.9%      2.6%     3.3%       4.5%     0.1%      1.6%     0.0%    0.0%    78.5%
    2.1%     5.2%      2.7%     2.0%       4.9%     0.5%      3.2%     0.3%   48.8%     5.3%


$ 122,214 $ 34,738 $ 111,334 $ 61,764 $ 177,147 $ 71,284 $ 121,758 $ 36,600 $ 9,879 $ 44,163
         0        1         0        0         0        0         0        0       1        1
 Paper
products                                      Sugar               Transpor
    ,     Petroleum Plant-                    cane,                   t    Vegetabl Vegetable
publishin   , coal   based Processe           sugar               equipme e oils     s, fruit,
   g      products fibers    d rice  Sugar     beet    Textiles    nt nec and fats    nuts
    3.6%        0.0%   0.0%     0.0%   0.0%     0.0%      16.5%       2.4%    0.5%        0.6%
    0.0%        0.2%   0.0% 146.6% 117.2%     288.9%       8.2%       2.2%    5.4%       38.7%
    0.0%        0.2%   0.0% 146.6% 117.2%     288.9%       8.2%       2.2%    5.4%       38.7%
    0.0%        0.0%   0.0%     0.0%   2.5%     0.0%      12.7%      10.3%    2.7%        1.9%
    0.0%        0.2%   0.0% 146.6% 117.2%     288.9%       8.2%       2.2%    5.4%       38.7%
    0.0%        0.2%   0.0% 146.6% 117.2%     288.9%       8.2%       2.2%    5.4%       38.7%
    0.0%        0.2%   0.0% 146.6% 117.2%     288.9%       8.2%       2.2%    5.4%       38.7%
   0.0%      0.2%    0.0%   146.6%   117.2%   288.9%     8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   0.0%      0.2%    0.0%   146.6%   117.2%   288.9%     8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   0.0%      0.2%    0.0%   146.6%   117.2%   288.9%     8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   0.0%      0.2%    0.0%   146.6%   117.2%   288.9%     8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   0.0%      2.0%    0.0%   588.8%   204.1%     0.0%     6.4%     0.0%     2.0%     22.6%
   0.0%      0.2%    0.0%   146.6%   117.2%   288.9%     8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   2.2%      4.6%    0.0%     0.0%     0.0%     0.0%     7.9%     2.3%     0.6%      0.1%
   0.0%      0.0%    0.0%    29.3%    67.2%   153.2%     5.1%     0.0%    56.2%     18.4%
   0.0%      0.2%    0.0%   146.6%   117.2%   288.9%     8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   0.0%      0.2%    0.0%   146.6%   117.2%   288.9%     8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   0.0%      0.2%    0.0%   146.6%   117.2%   288.9%     8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   0.2%      0.0%    0.0%    10.8%   152.4%    72.1%     2.5%     0.0%   108.6%     83.9%
   0.0%      0.2%    0.0%   146.6%   117.2%   288.9%     8.2%     2.2%     5.4%     38.7%
   0.0%      1.1%    1.8%     6.2%    80.2%     0.6%    10.0%     1.7%     2.1%      5.5%


$ 99,224 $ 121,775 $ 7,418 $ 49,889 $ 7,025 $ 3,445 $ 224,500 $ 55,966 $ 21,152 $ 152,016
        0         0       1        1       1       0         0        0        1         0
                            Wool,
                            silk-
                            worm
Wearing          Wood      cocoon
apparel   Wheat products      s
  22.0%     0.0%    4.3%      0.4%
  10.0%    35.4%    0.9%      0.0%
  10.0%    35.4%    0.9%      0.0%
  15.7%     2.5%    2.6%      0.0%
  10.0%    35.4%    0.9%      0.0%
  10.0%    35.4%    0.9%      0.0%
  10.0%    35.4%    0.9%      0.0%
   10.0%    35.4%      0.9%    0.0%
   10.0%    35.4%      0.9%    0.0%
   10.0%    35.4%      0.9%    0.0%
   10.0%    35.4%      0.9%    0.0%
    9.2%   206.1%      0.8%    3.0%
   10.0%    35.4%      0.9%    0.0%
   14.2%     0.0%      4.6%    0.0%
    4.2%   230.4%      0.0%    0.0%
   10.0%    35.4%      0.9%    0.0%
   10.0%    35.4%      0.9%    0.0%
   10.0%    35.4%      0.9%    0.0%
    2.3%   187.9%      0.1%    0.0%
   10.0%    35.4%      0.9%    0.0%
   11.6%     2.9%      0.8%    0.9%


$ 110,902 $ 11,215 $ 63,659 $ 3,726
         0        1        0       0
Trade                2005
                                      Revealed openness
                      Measured
                      protection               On measured
                        (tariff-                protection
                     equivalent ad Original (% scale (tariff-
                       valorem)     of GDP)     equivalent)           Composite      Score
Australia                      5.5%      8.9%          -3.9%               3.1%              8.7
Austria                      10.4%       4.1%         12.3%               10.9%              5.6
Belgium                      10.6%       4.1%         12.3%               11.0%              5.6
Canada                         4.6%      5.3%           8.2%               5.5%              7.8
Denmark                      10.5%       4.1%         12.3%               10.9%              5.6
Finland                      10.3%       4.1%         12.3%               10.8%              5.7
France                       10.5%       4.1%         12.3%               11.0%              5.6
Germany                      10.5%       4.1%         12.3%               10.9%              5.6
Greece                       10.5%       4.1%         12.3%               11.0%              5.6
Ireland                      10.9%       4.1%         12.3%               11.2%              5.5
Italy                        10.1%       4.1%         12.3%               10.7%              5.7
Japan                        31.0%       6.5%           4.2%              24.3%              0.2
Netherlands                    9.9%      4.1%         12.3%               10.5%              5.8
New Zealand                    3.0%      9.0%          -4.0%               1.2%              9.5
Norway                       16.5%       2.7%         17.1%               16.6%              3.3
Portugal                     10.2%       4.1%         12.3%               10.7%              5.7
Spain                        10.6%       4.1%         12.3%               11.0%              5.6
Sweden                       10.3%       4.1%         12.3%               10.8%              5.7
Switzerland                    8.3%      2.5%         17.8%               10.7%              5.7
United Kingdom               10.6%       4.1%         12.3%               11.0%              5.6
United States                  4.8%      5.4%           8.1%               5.6%              7.7

Average                     10.5%          4.7%          10.5%              12.4%
Standard deviation           5.4%          1.6%           5.4%

Weight                        75%                          25%


Overall protection, 2001, excluding quotas on textitles and apparel

                                                                      Everything
                             Agricultural commodities                   else




                                                     Total
                        Tariffs    Subsidies       protection           Tariffs      Total
Australia                     0.4%     11.4%             11.9%                4.8%       5.5%
Austria                      47.6%     13.2%             67.1%                4.4%     10.4%
Belgium                      47.6%     14.5%             69.0%                4.4%     10.6%
Canada                       11.4%      7.4%             19.6%                3.1%       4.6%
Denmark                      47.6%     13.7%             67.9%                4.4%     10.5%
Finland                      47.6%     12.1%             65.4%                4.4%     10.3%
France                       47.6%     13.9%             68.2%                4.4%     10.5%
Germany                     47.6%       13.5%          67.5%             4.4%           10.5%
Greece                      47.6%       14.0%          68.3%             4.4%           10.5%
Ireland                     47.6%       16.6%          72.2%             4.4%           10.9%
Italy                       47.6%       11.1%          64.0%             4.4%           10.1%
Japan                      283.0%        2.9%         294.3%             3.2%           31.0%
Netherlands                 47.6%        9.5%          61.6%             4.4%            9.9%
New Zealand                  0.4%        2.0%           2.4%             3.0%            3.0%
Norway                     108.8%       15.6%         141.4%             3.2%           16.5%
Portugal                    47.6%       11.7%          64.9%             4.4%           10.2%
Spain                       47.6%       14.2%          68.6%             4.4%           10.6%
Sweden                      47.6%       12.2%          65.7%             4.4%           10.3%
Switzerland                 38.2%       12.9%          56.0%             3.3%            8.3%
United Kingdom              48.3%       13.6%          68.6%             4.4%           10.6%
United States                4.4%       13.4%          18.4%             3.4%            4.8%
EU                          47.6%

Value of production in non-CDI countries        $    352,554 $ 3,332,287
PSE commodity (I.e., corresponds to product groups covered in agricultural subsidy estimates)?


Agricultural commodities--details
                                                                                  Elasticity of substition between imports and do

                                                                  Australia         Canada           EU
National currency units, 2001-03 average
Production (farmgate prices, excluding budgetary support)             38,601           32,595       245,289

Producer Support Estimate (PSE)                                        1,552            7,002       102,708
  Market Price Support (MPS)                                                6           3,383        58,311
    of which MPS commodities                                                4           2,553        41,128
  Payments based on output                                               -                337         3,792
  Payments based on area planted/animal numbers                            37             788        28,027
  "Counter cyclical payments"
  Payments based on historical entitlements                              183              989           608
  Payments based on input use                                          1,041              484         7,908
  Payments based on input constraints                                    -                  1         4,073
  Payments based on overall farming income                               285              909           -
  Miscellaneous payments                                                 -                111           (11)

Consumer Support Estimate (CSE)                                          (215)          (3,540)     (51,904)
 Transfers to producers from consumers                                      (3)         (3,324)     (55,537)
 Other transfers from consumers                                             (1)           (255)        (698)
 Transfers to consumers from taxpayers                                   (211)              28        3,762
 Excess feed cost                                                         -                 11          570

Exchange rate/$, average 2001-03                                          1.75             1.50           1.01

$ figures
Production                                                             22,004           21,756       242,836

 Export subsidies                                                          2               39         2,746
 Other trade-distorting subsidies                                        667            1,405        43,663
Total trade-distorting subsidies                                               668          1,444        46,409
Subsidy rate                                                                  3.0%           6.6%         19.1%

Agricultural commodity imports, 2001-03 average                               825          6,313         33,530
Agricultural commodity exports, 2001-03 average                             9,598         10,735         19,486
Apparent consumption (world prices)                                        13,133         15,110        178,545
Import share of consumption                                                     6%           42%            19%
Import price elasticity                                                        3.4            2.1            2.9
Tariff equivalent of border measures                                         0.4%          11.4%          47.6%

Tariff equivalent of subsidies                                               11.4%           7.4%         13.3%

Source: OECD, Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries: At A Glance (Paris: 2004), pp. 43-75; UNCTAD, TRAINS.
Calculations based on William Cline, World Trade and Global Poverty , ch. 3.

EU agricultural commodity breakout

                       Share of
                     contributions
                         to the     Estimated
                       European       CAP
                      Agricultural  subsidies                                                         Share of
                     Guidance and    (billion         Estimated        Estimated                     GDP from
                      Guarantee      euros),         share of EU    trade-distorting GDP, 2002       agriculture,
                      Fund, 2003      2003            subsidies       subsidies ($)   (billion $)       2002
Austria                        2.5%      € 1.11              2.5%    $         1.16            203          2.2%
Belgium                        2.3%      € 1.02              2.3%    $         1.07            248          1.3%
Denmark                        2.7%      € 1.20              2.7%    $         1.25            175          2.6%
Finland                        2.0%      € 0.89              2.0%    $         0.93            131          3.4%
France                        23.4%     € 10.40             23.4%    $       10.86           1,410          2.7%
Germany                       13.1%      € 5.82             13.1%    $         6.08          1,980          1.2%
Greece                         6.2%      € 2.76              6.2%    $         2.88            133          7.4%
Ireland                        4.4%      € 1.96              4.4%    $         2.04            120          3.5%
Italy                         12.1%      € 5.38             12.1%    $         5.62          1,180          2.7%
Netherlands                    3.1%      € 1.38              3.1%    $         1.44            414          2.7%
Portugal                       1.9%      € 0.84              1.9%    $         0.88            121          3.7%
Spain                         14.5%      € 6.45             14.5%    $         6.73            650          3.4%
Sweden                         1.9%      € 0.84              1.9%    $         0.88            230          1.8%
United Kingdom                 8.9%      € 3.96              8.9%    $         4.13          1,564          1.0%
                                                             0.0%                0%
Total                                      € 44.46                   $       45.95

Source: Commission of the European Community, Annexes to the Commission Staff Working Document Accompanying the 33
Report on the European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund, Guarantee Section—2003 Financial Year,
http://europa.eu.int/comm/agriculture/fin/finrep03/annexe_fr.pdf, Annex 12; ibid, 33rd Financial Report on the European Agricul
and Guarantee Fund, Guarantee Section–2003 Financial Year, http://europa.eu.int/comm/agriculture/fin/finrep03/en.pdf, Annex
GDP and Agricultural GDP share data from World Development Indicators (WDI 2006).

Imports and exports of agricultural commodities, annual average, 2001-2003

                         Imports         Exports
Australia            $         825   $      9,598
Canada          $           6,313   $   10,735
                $
European Community         33,530   $   19,486
Japan           $          20,483   $      522
New Zealand     $             498   $    5,546
Norway          $             924   $      193
Switzerland     $           2,132   $      582
United States   $          19,419   $   36,215

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, COMTRADE database.

"Agricultural commodities" are goods in Standard International Trade Classificiation, Revision 2 (SITC2) categories 00,
01, 02 (excluding 025), 041-045, 054.1, 054.2, 054.4, 054.81, 057, 06, 08 (excluding 081.42), and 22, per the definition
in OECD, Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries: Monitoring and Outlook (Paris: 2005), Table 1.1, note 5.


Revealed openness--Imports from developing countries, 2003

                    Least Developed Countries        Low and middle income

                                                                                   GDP, 2005       Weighted
                    Manufactures     All goods Manufactures         All goods       (billion $)     total
Australia                    0.02           0.03      21.56                26.84          543.65       48.45
Canada                       0.09           0.09      22.38                23.05          854.68       45.61
European Union               1.19           1.23     215.64               223.98     10,707.37       442.04
Japan                        0.20           0.28     121.94               154.22       4,231.25      276.64
New Zealand                  0.00           0.00        3.33                3.92           80.85        7.25
Norway                       0.01           0.01        2.97                3.01          222.70        5.99
Switzerland                  0.02           0.02        3.94                4.04          322.69        8.02
United States                1.61           1.65     285.48               298.44     10,918.50       587.17

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, COMTRADE database.

"Manufactures" are goods in Broad Economic Categories (BEC) processed food & beverages (12), processed industrial
supplies (22), capital goods (4), transportation equipment (5), and consumer goods (6).
Details by sector



                       Bovine
                       cattle,
            Beverag    sheep Bovine               Chemical,
 Animal      es and     and    meat     Cereal     rubber,                    Dairy
products    tobacco    goats, product   grains     plastic             Crops product
  nec       products   horses    s       nec      products     Coal     nec     s    Electricity
    0.0%       14.1%      0.0%   0.0%      0.0%         4.1%    0.0%     0.0%   0.9%       0.0%
    6.8%       12.1%     64.4% 65.0%      26.2%         1.8%    0.0%     2.1% 41.2%        0.0%
    6.8%       12.1%     64.4% 65.0%      26.2%         1.8%    0.0%     2.1% 41.2%        0.0%
    8.5%        8.0%      0.0%   6.9%      0.0%         1.8%    0.0%     0.5% 91.9%        0.0%
    6.8%       12.1%     64.4% 65.0%      26.2%         1.8%    0.0%     2.1% 41.2%        0.0%
    6.8%       12.1%     64.4% 65.0%      26.2%         1.8%    0.0%     2.1% 41.2%        0.0%
    6.8%       12.1%     64.4% 65.0%      26.2%         1.8%    0.0%     2.1% 41.2%        0.0%
                  6.8%      12.1%       64.4% 65.0%           26.2%    1.8%   0.0%    2.1% 41.2%    0.0%
                  6.8%      12.1%       64.4% 65.0%           26.2%    1.8%   0.0%    2.1% 41.2%    0.0%
                  6.8%      12.1%       64.4% 65.0%           26.2%    1.8%   0.0%    2.1% 41.2%    0.0%
                  6.8%      12.1%       64.4% 65.0%           26.2%    1.8%   0.0%    2.1% 41.2%    0.0%
                 17.3%      10.8%       85.6% 34.1%           32.6%    0.3%   0.0%    1.5% 99.2%    0.0%
                  6.8%      12.1%       64.4% 65.0%           26.2%    1.8%   0.0%    2.1% 41.2%    0.0%
                  0.3%      19.0%        0.0%   0.2%           0.0%    3.3%   0.0%    0.5%   1.7%
                131.3%      22.2%      295.0% 191.1%          89.8%    0.1%   0.0%   12.2% 114.2%   0.0%
                  6.8%      12.1%       64.4% 65.0%           26.2%    1.8%   0.0%    2.1% 41.2%    0.0%
                  6.8%      12.1%       64.4% 65.0%           26.2%    1.8%   0.0%    2.1% 41.2%    0.0%
                  6.8%      12.1%       64.4% 65.0%           26.2%    1.8%   0.0%    2.1% 41.2%    0.0%
                  8.6%      11.6%       15.0% 169.3%          72.2%    0.3%   0.0%   10.4% 127.4%   0.0%
                  6.8%      12.1%       64.4% 65.0%           44.9%    1.8%   0.0%    2.1% 41.0%    0.0%
                  0.6%       2.4%        0.4%   3.4%           1.3%    3.0%   0.0%    2.9% 16.6%    0.0%


             $ 109,527 $ 79,914 $ 12,635 $ 8,292 $ 13,363 357,027.04 17373.2 $ 16,944 $ 6,312 $ 119,014
                      1        0        1       1        1          0      0         1       1         0



                                                       3.6
bstition between imports and domestically produced goods:

                                                 United States
               Japan New Zealand Norway Switzerland

                 8,702    14,476       17,843     7,124     193,522

                 5,359       221       20,741     7,586      44,239
                 4,824       174        9,438     4,353      16,836
                 3,160       128        7,638     3,425      11,000
                   166       -          2,442       364       4,841
                   -         -          3,473       905       2,902
                                                              1,426
                   -          -           579     1,302       6,828
                   247            47    3,911       336       7,222
                   122        -           368       130       1,978
                   -          -           530       -         2,206
                   -          -           -         196

                (6,732)      (162)      (9,209)   (5,105)     4,816
                (4,823)      (162)     (10,217)   (4,415)   (16,833)
                (1,917)       -           (420)   (1,031)    (2,081)
                     5        -            520       230     23,729
                     3        -            909       111        -

                   0.12       2.00        7.94      1.52       1.00


                 72,014     7,254        2,246     4,679    193,522

                     8             6      (98)      (41)          3
                 4,427            24    1,320     1,567      21,783
                 4,436          30     1,222    1,526    21,786
                  6.2%        0.4%     54.4%    32.6%     11.3%

                20,483         498       924    2,132  19,419
                   522       5,546       193      582  36,215
                38,764       2,178     1,807    4,935 168,502
                   53%         23%       51%      43%     12%
                    1.7         2.8       1.8      2.0     3.2
                283.0%        0.4%    108.8%    38.2%    4.4%

                   2.9%       2.0%     15.6%    12.9%    13.4%

UNCTAD, TRAINS.




                          Estimated            Tariff
             Estimated    productio           equivale
              share of         n    Estimated nt of
                EU        (farmgate subsidy subsidie
             production     prices)    rate      s
                  2.5%     $ 6.14         19% 13.2%
                  1.8%     $ 4.48         24% 14.5%
                  2.5%     $ 6.04         21% 13.7%
                  2.5%     $ 6.04         15% 12.1%
                 20.9%     $ 50.73        21% 13.9%
                 12.7%     $ 30.79        20% 13.5%
                  5.4%     $ 13.16        22% 14.0%
                  2.3%     $ 5.58         37% 16.6%
                 17.9%     $ 43.42        13% 11.1%
                  6.1%     $ 14.84        10%    9.5%
                  2.5%     $ 6.08         15% 11.7%
                 12.2%     $ 29.62        23% 14.2%
                  2.3%     $ 5.58         16% 12.2%
                  8.4%     $ 20.34        20% 13.6%

                  100% $ 242.84          19%

Document Accompanying the 33rd Financial
 Financial Year,
Report on the European Agricultural Guidance
ulture/fin/finrep03/en.pdf, Annex.
(SITC2) categories 00,
nd 22, per the definition
 1.1, note 5.




              Weighted
              imports/G
                 DP
                   8.9%
                   5.3%
                   4.1%
                   6.5%
                   9.0%
                   2.7%
                   2.5%
                   5.4%




12), processed industrial
                                                              Gas
                                                            manufa           Machinery
Electronic                       Food                        cture,             and
equipmen      Ferrous          products                     distribu Leather equipmen
     t        metals   Fishing    nec    Forestry   Gas       tion products    t nec
       0.8%       3.7%    0.3%      1.7%     0.2%    0.0%       5.0%    9.3%      3.9%
       0.9%       2.9%    5.5%     10.2%     0.1%    0.0%       0.0%    9.1%      0.4%
       0.9%       2.9%    5.5%     10.2%     0.1%    0.0%       0.0%    9.1%      0.4%
       0.1%       0.6%    0.3%      4.6%     0.4%    0.0%       0.0%   11.6%      1.3%
       0.9%       2.9%    5.5%     10.2%     0.1%    0.0%       0.0%    9.1%      0.4%
       0.9%       2.9%    5.5%     10.2%     0.1%    0.0%       0.0%    9.1%      0.4%
       0.9%       2.9%    5.5%     10.2%     0.1%    0.0%       0.0%    9.1%      0.4%
    0.9%      2.9%     5.5%     10.2%      0.1%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      0.4%
    0.9%      2.9%     5.5%     10.2%      0.1%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      0.4%
    0.9%      2.9%     5.5%     10.2%      0.1%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      0.4%
    0.9%      2.9%     5.5%     10.2%      0.1%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      0.4%
    0.0%      0.4%     3.8%     11.4%      1.4%     0.2%    0.0%    15.0%      0.0%
    0.9%      2.9%     5.5%     10.2%      0.1%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      0.4%
    1.0%      1.8%     0.3%      1.1%      0.0%     0.0%    0.0%     7.9%      2.4%
    0.0%      0.0%     0.6%     21.3%      0.0%     0.0%    0.0%     3.9%      0.0%
    0.9%      2.9%     5.5%     10.2%      0.1%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      0.4%
    0.9%      2.9%     5.5%     10.2%      0.1%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      0.4%
    0.9%      2.9%     5.5%     10.2%      0.1%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      0.4%
    0.0%      0.0%     0.1%     10.9%      0.4%     0.0%    0.0%     0.1%      0.0%
    0.9%      2.9%     5.5%     10.2%      0.1%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      0.4%
    0.4%      1.7%     0.3%      4.2%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%    14.7%      2.1%


$ 378,851 $ 142,203 $ 43,423 $ 127,145 $ 26,634 $ 12,920 $ 3,824 $ 73,451 $ 413,194
         0         0        0         0        0        0       0        0         0
           Meat                      Mineral           Motor
Manufact products   Metal    Metals products Minerals vehicles           Oil     Paddy
ures nec   nec    products    nec     nec      nec    and parts   Oil   seeds     rice
     3.4%    0.9%     5.6%     1.0%     4.2%    0.2%       7.4%    5.6%   2.1%      0.0%
     2.2%   20.3%     2.5%     2.5%     4.1%    0.1%       1.3%    0.0%   0.0%     86.0%
     2.2%   20.3%     2.5%     2.5%     4.1%    0.1%       1.3%    0.0%   0.0%     86.0%
     1.5%   67.3%     2.9%     0.0%     1.1%    0.0%       3.1%    0.0%   0.0%      0.0%
     2.2%   20.3%     2.5%     2.5%     4.1%    0.1%       1.3%    0.0%   0.0%     86.0%
     2.2%   20.3%     2.5%     2.5%     4.1%    0.1%       1.3%    0.0%   0.0%     86.0%
     2.2%   20.3%     2.5%     2.5%     4.1%    0.1%       1.3%    0.0%   0.0%     86.0%
    2.2%    20.3%      2.5%     2.5%       4.1%     0.1%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%    86.0%
    2.2%    20.3%      2.5%     2.5%       4.1%     0.1%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%    86.0%
    2.2%    20.3%      2.5%     2.5%       4.1%     0.1%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%    86.0%
    2.2%    20.3%      2.5%     2.5%       4.1%     0.1%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%    86.0%
    0.9%    38.3%      0.1%     0.3%       0.1%     0.1%      0.0%     0.0%    4.3%   924.8%
    2.2%    20.3%      2.5%     2.5%       4.1%     0.1%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%    86.0%
    2.9%     2.2%      3.1%     0.4%       2.3%     0.0%      4.8%     0.0%    0.0%     0.0%
    0.0%   255.1%      0.0%     0.0%       0.0%     0.0%      0.0%     0.0%   40.3%    33.0%
    2.2%    20.3%      2.5%     2.5%       4.1%     0.1%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%    86.0%
    2.2%    20.3%      2.5%     2.5%       4.1%     0.1%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%    86.0%
    2.2%    20.3%      2.5%     2.5%       4.1%     0.1%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%    86.0%
   14.6%   142.7%      0.2%     0.0%       0.1%     0.0%      0.3%     0.0%   18.8%     6.0%
    2.2%    20.4%      2.5%     2.5%       4.1%     0.1%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%    86.0%
    2.0%     5.7%      2.8%     1.8%       4.9%     0.1%      3.5%     0.0%   23.4%     5.8%


$ 122,214 $ 34,738 $ 111,334 $ 61,764 $ 177,147 $ 71,284 $ 121,758 $ 36,600 $ 9,879 $ 44,163
         0        1         0        0         0        0         0        0       1        1
 Paper
products                                      Sugar               Transpor
    ,     Petroleum Plant-                    cane,                   t    Vegetabl Vegetable
publishin   , coal   based Processe           sugar               equipme e oils     s, fruit,
   g      products fibers    d rice  Sugar     beet    Textiles    nt nec and fats    nuts
    3.6%        0.0%   0.0%     0.0% 11.9%      0.0%      16.4%       2.8%    0.7%        0.9%
    0.1%        0.2%   0.0% 176.7% 90.1%      150.2%       8.3%       2.7%    4.6%       30.5%
    0.1%        0.2%   0.0% 176.7% 90.1%      150.2%       8.3%       2.7%    4.6%       30.5%
    0.0%        0.0%   0.0%     0.0%   1.9%     0.0%      13.1%       8.5%    2.5%        2.1%
    0.1%        0.2%   0.0% 176.7% 90.1%      150.2%       8.3%       2.7%    4.6%       30.5%
    0.1%        0.2%   0.0% 176.7% 90.1%      150.2%       8.3%       2.7%    4.6%       30.5%
    0.1%        0.2%   0.0% 176.7% 90.1%      150.2%       8.3%       2.7%    4.6%       30.5%
   0.1%      0.2%    0.0%   176.7% 90.1% 150.2%          8.3%     2.7%     4.6%     30.5%
   0.1%      0.2%    0.0%   176.7% 90.1% 150.2%          8.3%     2.7%     4.6%     30.5%
   0.1%      0.2%    0.0%   176.7% 90.1% 150.2%          8.3%     2.7%     4.6%     30.5%
   0.1%      0.2%    0.0%   176.7% 90.1% 150.2%          8.3%     2.7%     4.6%     30.5%
   0.1%      2.1%    0.0%   984.9% 208.7%  0.0%          6.7%     0.0%     3.9%     24.9%
   0.1%      0.2%    0.0%   176.7% 90.1% 150.2%          8.3%     2.7%     4.6%     30.5%
   2.1%      0.5%    0.0%     0.0%   0.0%  0.0%          6.4%     1.6%     0.7%      0.1%
   0.0%      0.0%    0.0%    33.0% 65.6% 187.6%          5.5%     0.0%    64.1%     23.6%
   0.1%      0.2%    0.0%   176.7% 90.1% 150.2%          8.3%     2.7%     4.6%     30.5%
   0.1%      0.2%    0.0%   176.7% 90.1% 150.2%          8.3%     2.7%     4.6%     30.5%
   0.1%      0.2%    0.0%   176.7% 90.1% 150.2%          8.3%     2.7%     4.6%     30.5%
   0.2%      0.0%    0.0%     7.9% 139.6% 21.6%          2.3%     0.1%    26.0%     37.5%
   0.1%      0.2%    0.0%   176.7% 90.1% 150.2%          8.3%     2.7%     4.6%     30.5%
   0.4%      1.1%    0.1%     7.3% 22.7%   0.9%         10.8%     2.4%     2.7%      6.5%


$ 99,224 $ 121,775 $ 7,418 $ 49,889 $ 7,025 $ 3,445 $ 224,500 $ 55,966 $ 21,152 $ 152,016
        0         0       1        1       1       0         0        0        1         0
                            Wool,
                            silk-
                            worm
Wearing          Wood      cocoon
apparel   Wheat products      s
  22.0%     0.0%    4.6%      0.2%
  10.3%     0.0%    0.8%      0.0%
  10.3%     0.0%    0.8%      0.0%
  16.5%     2.7%    2.5%      0.0%
  10.3%     0.0%    0.8%      0.0%
  10.3%     0.0%    0.8%      0.0%
  10.3%     0.0%    0.8%      0.0%
   10.3%     0.0%      0.8%    0.0%
   10.3%     0.0%      0.8%    0.0%
   10.3%     0.0%      0.8%    0.0%
   10.3%     0.0%      0.8%    0.0%
    9.8%   224.8%      0.8%    0.3%
   10.3%     0.0%      0.8%    0.0%
   11.9%     0.0%      3.4%    0.0%
    4.6%   209.4%      0.0%    0.0%
   10.3%     0.0%      0.8%    0.0%
   10.3%     0.0%      0.8%    0.0%
   10.3%     0.0%      0.8%    0.0%
    1.6%   147.4%      0.1%    0.0%
   10.3%     0.0%      0.8%    0.0%
   12.6%     3.1%      1.1%    0.9%


$ 110,902 $ 11,215 $ 63,659 $ 3,726
         0        1        0       0
Trade                2004
                                      Revealed openness
                      Measured
                      protection               On measured
                        (tariff-                protection
                     equivalent ad Original (% scale (tariff-
                       valorem)     of GDP)     equivalent)       Composite      Score
Australia                      5.6%      8.9%          -1.6%           3.8%           8.5
Austria                      14.1%       3.9%         15.1%           14.3%           4.2
Belgium                      14.2%       3.9%         15.1%           14.5%           4.2
Canada                         6.6%      5.1%         11.2%            7.8%           6.9
Denmark                      14.2%       3.9%         15.1%           14.4%           4.2
Finland                      13.9%       3.9%         15.1%           14.2%           4.3
France                       14.2%       3.9%         15.1%           14.4%           4.2
Germany                      14.3%       3.9%         15.1%           14.5%           4.2
Greece                       14.2%       3.9%         15.1%           14.4%           4.2
Ireland                      14.5%       3.9%         15.1%           14.7%           4.1
Italy                        13.9%       3.9%         15.1%           14.2%           4.3
Japan                        31.3%       6.0%           8.0%          25.5%          -0.3
Netherlands                  13.4%       3.9%         15.1%           13.8%           4.4
New Zealand                    2.9%      9.2%          -2.4%           1.6%           9.4
Norway                       16.6%       2.9%         18.2%           17.0%           3.2
Portugal                     13.8%       3.9%         15.1%           14.1%           4.3
Spain                        14.2%       3.9%         15.1%           14.4%           4.2
Sweden                       14.0%       3.9%         15.1%           14.2%           4.3
Switzerland                    8.2%      2.5%         19.6%           11.1%           5.5
United Kingdom               14.2%       3.9%         15.1%           14.4%           4.2
United States                  7.6%      5.0%         11.4%            8.5%           6.6

Average                      13.1%         4.5%           13.1%         12.4%
Standard deviation            5.4%         1.6%            5.4%

Weight                        75%                           25%


Overall protection, 2001, including textile and apparel quotas

                                                                  Everything
                              Agricultural commodities              else




                                                      Total
                        Tariffs    Subsidies        protection      Tariffs      Total
Australia                     0.4%     12.6%              13.1%           4.8%       5.6%
Austria                      47.6%     13.4%              67.4%           8.5%     14.1%
Belgium                      47.6%     14.4%              68.9%           8.5%     14.2%
Canada                       11.4%      7.5%              19.8%           5.2%       6.6%
Denmark                      47.6%     14.1%              68.4%           8.5%     14.2%
Finland                      47.6%     11.9%              65.3%           8.5%     13.9%
France                       47.6%     13.9%              68.1%           8.5%     14.2%
Germany                     47.6%       14.6%          69.2%             8.5%          14.3%
Greece                      47.6%       14.1%          68.4%             8.5%          14.2%
Ireland                     47.6%       16.3%          71.7%             8.5%          14.5%
Italy                       47.6%       11.7%          64.9%             8.5%          13.9%
Japan                      283.0%        3.7%         297.1%             3.2%          31.3%
Netherlands                 47.6%        8.7%          60.4%             8.5%          13.4%
New Zealand                  0.4%        1.6%           2.0%             3.0%           2.9%
Norway                     108.8%       16.1%         142.4%             3.2%          16.6%
Portugal                    47.6%       11.3%          64.3%             8.5%          13.8%
Spain                       47.6%       14.1%          68.4%             8.5%          14.2%
Sweden                      47.6%       12.4%          65.9%             8.5%          14.0%
Switzerland                 38.2%       12.5%          55.4%             3.3%           8.2%
United Kingdom              48.3%       13.5%          68.3%             8.5%          14.2%
United States                4.4%       14.0%          19.1%             6.3%           7.6%
EU                          47.6%

Value of production in non-CDI countries        $    352,554 $ 3,332,287
PSE commodity (I.e., corresponds to product groups covered in agricultural subsidy estimates)?


Agricultural commodities--details
                                                                                 Elasticity of substition between imports and do

                                                                  Australia        Canada           EU
National currency units, 2000-02 average
Production (farmgate prices, excluding budgetary support)             36,441          31,478       244,622

Producer Support Estimate (PSE)                                        1,681           6,533       100,266
  Market Price Support (MPS)                                              43           3,098        56,820
    of which MPS commodities                                              33           2,358        40,076
  Payments based on output                                                50             358         4,016
  Payments based on area planted/animal numbers                           37             766        27,364
  "Counter cyclical payments"
  Payments based on historical entitlements                              152             845           606
  Payments based on input use                                          1,130             506         7,998
  Payments based on input constraints                                    -               -           3,812
  Payments based on overall farming income                               269             903           -
  Miscellaneous payments                                                 -                 57         (349)

Consumer Support Estimate (CSE)                                          (194)         (3,218)     (49,127)
 Transfers to producers from consumers                                    (19)         (3,097)     (53,525)
 Other transfers from consumers                                           -              (120)        (251)
 Transfers to consumers from taxpayers                                   (175)            -          3,835
 Excess feed cost                                                         -               -            815

Exchange rate/$, average 2000-02                                         1.83             1.53           1.09

$ figures
Production                                                             19,866          20,516       224,905

 Export subsidies                                                         13               1         3,029
 Other trade-distorting subsidies                                        705           1,338        39,987
Total trade-distorting subsidies                                               718          1,338        43,017
Subsidy rate                                                                  3.6%           6.5%         19.1%

Agricultural commodity imports, 2000-02 average                               713          5,884         29,935
Agricultural commodity exports, 2000-02 average                             9,812         10,634         18,689
Apparent consumption (world prices)                                        10,680         13,668        163,600
Import share of consumption                                                     7%           43%            18%
Import price elasticity                                                        3.4            2.1            2.9
Tariff equivalent of border measures                                         0.4%          11.4%          47.6%

Tariff equivalent of subsidies                                               12.6%           7.5%         13.5%

Source: OECD, Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries: Monitoring and Evaluation (Paris: 2003), pp. 231-76; UNCTAD, TRAIN


EU agricultural commodity breakout

                       Share of
                     contributions
                         to the
                       European     Estimated
                      Agricultural    CAP                                                             Share of
                     Guidance and subsidies           Estimated        Estimated                     GDP from
                      Guarantee      (billion        share of EU    trade-distorting GDP, 2002       agriculture,
                      Fund, 2002     euros)           subsidies       subsidies ($)   (billion $)       2002
Austria                        2.5%      € 1.16              2.5%    $         1.08            203          2.2%
Belgium                        2.2%      € 1.02              2.2%    $         0.95            248          1.3%
Denmark                        2.8%      € 1.30              2.8%    $         1.20            175          2.6%
Finland                        1.9%      € 0.89              1.9%    $         0.82            131          3.4%
France                        22.6%     € 10.53             22.6%    $         9.72          1,410          2.7%
Germany                       15.7%      € 7.31             15.7%    $         6.75          1,980          1.2%
Greece                         6.1%      € 2.84              6.1%    $         2.62            133          7.4%
Ireland                        4.0%      € 1.86              4.0%    $         1.72            120          3.5%
Italy                         13.1%      € 6.10             13.1%    $         5.64          1,180          2.7%
Netherlands                    2.6%      € 1.21              2.6%    $         1.12            414          2.7%
Portugal                       1.7%      € 0.79              1.7%    $         0.73            121          3.7%
Spain                         13.7%      € 6.38             13.7%    $         5.89            650          3.4%
Sweden                         1.9%      € 0.89              1.9%    $         0.82            230          1.8%
United Kingdom                 8.4%      € 3.91              8.4%    $         3.61          1,564          1.0%

Total                                      € 46.59                  $        42.67

GDP and Agricultural GDP share data from World Development Indicators (WDI 2006).


Imports and exports of agricultural commodities, annual average, 2000-2002

                        Imports          Exports
Australia       $             713    $      9,812
Canada          $           5,884    $     10,634
                $
European Community         29,935    $     18,689
Japan           $          20,118    $        517
New Zealand         $         447   $    5,025
Norway              $         795   $      185
Switzerland         $       1,936   $      529
United States       $      18,572   $   34,753

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, COMTRADE database.

"Agricultural commodities" are goods in Standard International Trade Classificiation, Revision 2 (SITC2) categories 00,
01, 02 (excluding 025), 041-045, 054.1, 054.2, 054.4, 054.81, 057, 06, 08 (excluding 081.42), and 22, per the definition
in OECD, Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries: Monitoring and Outlook (Paris: 2005), Table 1.1, note 5.


Revealed openness--Imports from developing countries, 2002
                 Least Developed Countries       Low and middle income

                                                                                   GDP, 2005       Weighted
                    Manufactures     All goods Manufactures         All goods       (billion $)     total
Australia                    0.03           0.04      16.93                21.02          425.30       38.02
Canada                       0.04           0.05      18.03                18.61          724.31       36.73
European Union               0.99           1.03     165.98               172.66       8,785.02      340.65
Japan                        0.16           0.24     103.72               131.26       3,904.83      235.38
New Zealand                  0.00           0.00        2.56                2.98           60.52        5.55
Norway                       0.01           0.01        2.77                2.81          190.28        5.60
Switzerland                  0.02           0.02        3.41                3.50          276.23        6.94
United States                1.51           1.54     252.49               263.78     10,417.60       519.32

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, COMTRADE database.

"Manufactures" are goods in Broad Economic Categories (BEC) processed food & beverages (12), processed industrial
supplies (22), capital goods (4), transportation equipment (5), and consumer goods (6).
Details by sector



                       Bovine
                       cattle,
            Beverag    sheep Bovine               Chemical,
 Animal      es and     and    meat     Cereal     rubber,                    Dairy
products    tobacco    goats, product   grains     plastic             Crops product
  nec       products   horses    s       nec      products     Coal     nec     s    Electricity
    0.0%       14.1%      0.0%   0.0%      0.0%         4.1%    0.0%     0.0%   0.9%       0.0%
    6.8%       12.1%     64.4% 65.0%      26.2%         1.8%    0.0%     2.1% 41.2%        0.0%
    6.8%       12.1%     64.4% 65.0%      26.2%         1.8%    0.0%     2.1% 41.2%        0.0%
    8.5%        8.0%      0.0%   6.9%      0.0%         1.8%    0.0%     0.5% 91.9%        0.0%
    6.8%       12.1%     64.4% 65.0%      26.2%         1.8%    0.0%     2.1% 41.2%        0.0%
    6.8%       12.1%     64.4% 65.0%      26.2%         1.8%    0.0%     2.1% 41.2%        0.0%
    6.8%       12.1%     64.4% 65.0%      26.2%         1.8%    0.0%     2.1% 41.2%        0.0%
                  6.8%      12.1%       64.4% 65.0%          26.2%    1.8%   0.0%    2.1% 41.2%    0.0%
                  6.8%      12.1%       64.4% 65.0%          26.2%    1.8%   0.0%    2.1% 41.2%    0.0%
                  6.8%      12.1%       64.4% 65.0%          26.2%    1.8%   0.0%    2.1% 41.2%    0.0%
                  6.8%      12.1%       64.4% 65.0%          26.2%    1.8%   0.0%    2.1% 41.2%    0.0%
                 17.3%      10.8%       85.6% 34.1%          32.6%    0.3%   0.0%    1.5% 99.2%    0.0%
                  6.8%      12.1%       64.4% 65.0%          26.2%    1.8%   0.0%    2.1% 41.2%    0.0%
                  0.3%      19.0%        0.0%   0.2%          0.0%    3.3%   0.0%    0.5%   1.7%
                131.3%      22.2%      295.0% 191.1%         89.8%    0.1%   0.0%   12.2% 114.2%   0.0%
                  6.8%      12.1%       64.4% 65.0%          26.2%    1.8%   0.0%    2.1% 41.2%    0.0%
                  6.8%      12.1%       64.4% 65.0%          26.2%    1.8%   0.0%    2.1% 41.2%    0.0%
                  6.8%      12.1%       64.4% 65.0%          26.2%    1.8%   0.0%    2.1% 41.2%    0.0%
                  8.6%      11.6%       15.0% 169.3%         72.2%    0.3%   0.0%   10.4% 127.4%   0.0%
                  6.8%      12.1%       64.4% 65.0%          44.9%    1.8%   0.0%    2.1% 41.0%    0.0%
                  0.6%       2.4%        0.4%   3.4%          1.3%    3.0%   0.0%    2.9% 16.6%    0.0%


             $ 109,527 $ 79,914 $ 12,635 $ 8,292 $ 13,363 357,027.04 17373.2 $ 16,944 $ 6,312 $ 119,014
                      1        0        1       1        1          0      0         1       1         0



                                                       3.6
bstition between imports and domestically produced goods:

                                                 United States
               Japan New Zealand Norway Switzerland

                 8,905    14,245       17,720    7,333     195,753

                 5,619       147       20,065    7,666      46,972
                 5,068       101        8,464    4,510      16,630
                 3,344         74       6,810    3,613      10,869
                   175       -          2,852      355       7,345
                   -         -          3,241      882       2,461
                                                               584
                   -          -           -      1,269       8,527
                   259            44    4,350      336       7,264
                   117        -           670      115       1,917
                   -              2       488      -         2,244
                   -          -           -        199         -

                (6,930)      (112)     (8,455)   (5,302)     3,800
                (5,067)       (98)     (9,575)   (4,610)   (16,627)
                (1,872)       (13)       (342)   (1,079)    (1,808)
                     6        -           595       237     22,235
                     3        -           867       150        -

                   0.08       2.25       8.59      1.64       1.00


               116,443      6,331       2,062     4,460    195,753

                    13             1     (129)     (61)          3
                 7,205            20    1,293    1,413      23,835
                7,218          21     1,164    1,352    23,838
                 6.2%        0.3%     56.4%    30.3%     12.2%

               20,118         447       795    1,936  18,572
                  517       5,025       185      529  34,753
               50,004       1,728     1,597    4,634 171,254
                  40%         26%       50%      42%     11%
                   2.2         2.7       1.8      2.1     3.2
               283.0%        0.4%    108.8%    38.2%    4.4%

                 3.7%        1.6%     16.1%    12.5%    14.0%

3), pp. 231-76; UNCTAD, TRAINS; GTAP 5 database.




                         Estimated            Tariff
            Estimated    productio           equivale
             share of         n    Estimated nt of
               EU        (farmgate subsidy subsidie
            production     prices)    rate      s
                 2.5%     $ 5.69         19% 13.4%
                 1.8%     $ 4.15         23% 14.4%
                 2.5%     $ 5.60         22% 14.1%
                 2.5%     $ 5.59         15% 11.9%
                20.9%     $ 46.98        21% 13.9%
                12.7%     $ 28.52        24% 14.6%
                 5.4%     $ 12.19        22% 14.1%
                 2.3%     $ 5.16         33% 16.3%
                17.9%     $ 40.21        14% 11.7%
                 6.1%     $ 13.74         8%    8.7%
                 2.5%     $ 5.63         13% 11.3%
                12.2%     $ 27.44        21% 14.1%
                 2.3%     $ 5.17         16% 12.4%
                 8.4%     $ 18.84        19% 13.5%

                100% $ 224.91           19%
(SITC2) categories 00,
nd 22, per the definition
 1.1, note 5.




              Weighted
              imports/G
                 DP
                   8.9%
                   5.1%
                   3.9%
                   6.0%
                   9.2%
                   2.9%
                   2.5%
                   5.0%



12), processed industrial
                                                              Gas
                                                            manufa           Machinery
Electronic                       Food                        cture,             and
equipmen      Ferrous          products                     distribu Leather equipmen
     t        metals   Fishing    nec    Forestry   Gas       tion products    t nec
       0.8%       3.7%    0.3%      1.7%     0.2%    0.0%       5.0%    9.3%      3.9%
       0.9%       2.9%    5.5%     10.2%     0.1%    0.0%       0.0%    9.1%      0.4%
       0.9%       2.9%    5.5%     10.2%     0.1%    0.0%       0.0%    9.1%      0.4%
       0.1%       0.6%    0.3%      4.6%     0.4%    0.0%       0.0%   11.6%      1.3%
       0.9%       2.9%    5.5%     10.2%     0.1%    0.0%       0.0%    9.1%      0.4%
       0.9%       2.9%    5.5%     10.2%     0.1%    0.0%       0.0%    9.1%      0.4%
       0.9%       2.9%    5.5%     10.2%     0.1%    0.0%       0.0%    9.1%      0.4%
    0.9%      2.9%     5.5%     10.2%      0.1%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      0.4%
    0.9%      2.9%     5.5%     10.2%      0.1%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      0.4%
    0.9%      2.9%     5.5%     10.2%      0.1%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      0.4%
    0.9%      2.9%     5.5%     10.2%      0.1%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      0.4%
    0.0%      0.4%     3.8%     11.4%      1.4%     0.2%    0.0%    15.0%      0.0%
    0.9%      2.9%     5.5%     10.2%      0.1%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      0.4%
    1.0%      1.8%     0.3%      1.1%      0.0%     0.0%    0.0%     7.9%      2.4%
    0.0%      0.0%     0.6%     21.3%      0.0%     0.0%    0.0%     3.9%      0.0%
    0.9%      2.9%     5.5%     10.2%      0.1%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      0.4%
    0.9%      2.9%     5.5%     10.2%      0.1%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      0.4%
    0.9%      2.9%     5.5%     10.2%      0.1%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      0.4%
    0.0%      0.0%     0.1%     10.9%      0.4%     0.0%    0.0%     0.1%      0.0%
    0.9%      2.9%     5.5%     10.2%      0.1%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      0.4%
    0.4%      1.7%     0.3%      4.2%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%    14.7%      2.1%


$ 378,851 $ 142,203 $ 43,423 $ 127,145 $ 26,634 $ 12,920 $ 3,824 $ 73,451 $ 413,194
         0         0        0         0        0        0       0        0         0
           Meat                      Mineral           Motor
Manufact products   Metal    Metals products Minerals vehicles           Oil     Paddy
ures nec   nec    products    nec     nec      nec    and parts   Oil   seeds     rice
     3.4%    0.9%     5.6%     1.0%     4.2%    0.2%       7.4%    5.6%   2.1%      0.0%
     2.2%   20.3%     2.5%     2.5%     4.1%    0.1%       1.3%    0.0%   0.0%     86.0%
     2.2%   20.3%     2.5%     2.5%     4.1%    0.1%       1.3%    0.0%   0.0%     86.0%
     1.5%   67.3%     2.9%     0.0%     1.1%    0.0%       3.1%    0.0%   0.0%      0.0%
     2.2%   20.3%     2.5%     2.5%     4.1%    0.1%       1.3%    0.0%   0.0%     86.0%
     2.2%   20.3%     2.5%     2.5%     4.1%    0.1%       1.3%    0.0%   0.0%     86.0%
     2.2%   20.3%     2.5%     2.5%     4.1%    0.1%       1.3%    0.0%   0.0%     86.0%
    2.2%    20.3%      2.5%     2.5%       4.1%     0.1%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%    86.0%
    2.2%    20.3%      2.5%     2.5%       4.1%     0.1%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%    86.0%
    2.2%    20.3%      2.5%     2.5%       4.1%     0.1%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%    86.0%
    2.2%    20.3%      2.5%     2.5%       4.1%     0.1%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%    86.0%
    0.9%    38.3%      0.1%     0.3%       0.1%     0.1%      0.0%     0.0%    4.3%   924.8%
    2.2%    20.3%      2.5%     2.5%       4.1%     0.1%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%    86.0%
    2.9%     2.2%      3.1%     0.4%       2.3%     0.0%      4.8%     0.0%    0.0%     0.0%
    0.0%   255.1%      0.0%     0.0%       0.0%     0.0%      0.0%     0.0%   40.3%    33.0%
    2.2%    20.3%      2.5%     2.5%       4.1%     0.1%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%    86.0%
    2.2%    20.3%      2.5%     2.5%       4.1%     0.1%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%    86.0%
    2.2%    20.3%      2.5%     2.5%       4.1%     0.1%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%    86.0%
   14.6%   142.7%      0.2%     0.0%       0.1%     0.0%      0.3%     0.0%   18.8%     6.0%
    2.2%    20.4%      2.5%     2.5%       4.1%     0.1%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%    86.0%
    2.0%     5.7%      2.8%     1.8%       4.9%     0.1%      3.5%     0.0%   23.4%     5.8%


$ 122,214 $ 34,738 $ 111,334 $ 61,764 $ 177,147 $ 71,284 $ 121,758 $ 36,600 $ 9,879 $ 44,163
         0        1         0        0         0        0         0        0       1        1
 Paper
products                                      Sugar               Transpor
    ,     Petroleum Plant-                    cane,                   t    Vegetabl Vegetable
publishin   , coal   based Processe           sugar               equipme e oils     s, fruit,
   g      products fibers    d rice  Sugar     beet    Textiles    nt nec and fats    nuts
    3.6%        0.0%   0.0%     0.0% 11.9%      0.0%      16.4%       2.8%    0.7%        0.9%
    0.1%        0.2%   0.0% 176.7% 90.1%      150.2%      53.1%       2.7%    4.6%       30.5%
    0.1%        0.2%   0.0% 176.7% 90.1%      150.2%      53.1%       2.7%    4.6%       30.5%
    0.0%        0.0%   0.0%     0.0%   1.9%     0.0%      36.6%       8.5%    2.5%        2.1%
    0.1%        0.2%   0.0% 176.7% 90.1%      150.2%      53.1%       2.7%    4.6%       30.5%
    0.1%        0.2%   0.0% 176.7% 90.1%      150.2%      53.1%       2.7%    4.6%       30.5%
    0.1%        0.2%   0.0% 176.7% 90.1%      150.2%      53.1%       2.7%    4.6%       30.5%
   0.1%      0.2%    0.0%   176.7% 90.1% 150.2%         53.1%     2.7%     4.6%     30.5%
   0.1%      0.2%    0.0%   176.7% 90.1% 150.2%         53.1%     2.7%     4.6%     30.5%
   0.1%      0.2%    0.0%   176.7% 90.1% 150.2%         53.1%     2.7%     4.6%     30.5%
   0.1%      0.2%    0.0%   176.7% 90.1% 150.2%         53.1%     2.7%     4.6%     30.5%
   0.1%      2.1%    0.0%   984.9% 208.7%  0.0%          6.7%     0.0%     3.9%     24.9%
   0.1%      0.2%    0.0%   176.7% 90.1% 150.2%         53.1%     2.7%     4.6%     30.5%
   2.1%      0.5%    0.0%     0.0%   0.0%  0.0%          6.4%     1.6%     0.7%      0.1%
   0.0%      0.0%    0.0%    33.0% 65.6% 187.6%          5.5%     0.0%    64.1%     23.6%
   0.1%      0.2%    0.0%   176.7% 90.1% 150.2%         53.1%     2.7%     4.6%     30.5%
   0.1%      0.2%    0.0%   176.7% 90.1% 150.2%         53.1%     2.7%     4.6%     30.5%
   0.1%      0.2%    0.0%   176.7% 90.1% 150.2%         53.1%     2.7%     4.6%     30.5%
   0.2%      0.0%    0.0%     7.9% 139.6% 21.6%          2.3%     0.1%    26.0%     37.5%
   0.1%      0.2%    0.0%   176.7% 90.1% 150.2%         53.1%     2.7%     4.6%     30.5%
   0.4%      1.1%    0.1%     7.3% 22.7%   0.9%         41.3%     2.4%     2.7%      6.5%


$ 99,224 $ 121,775 $ 7,418 $ 49,889 $ 7,025 $ 3,445 $ 224,500 $ 55,966 $ 21,152 $ 152,016
        0         0       1        1       1       0         0        0        1         0
                            Wool,
                            silk-
                            worm
Wearing          Wood      cocoon
apparel   Wheat products      s
  22.0%     0.0%    4.6%      0.2%
  40.9%     0.0%    0.8%      0.0%
  40.9%     0.0%    0.8%      0.0%
  33.9%     2.7%    2.5%      0.0%
  40.9%     0.0%    0.8%      0.0%
  40.9%     0.0%    0.8%      0.0%
  40.9%     0.0%    0.8%      0.0%
   40.9%     0.0%      0.8%    0.0%
   40.9%     0.0%      0.8%    0.0%
   40.9%     0.0%      0.8%    0.0%
   40.9%     0.0%      0.8%    0.0%
    9.8%   224.8%      0.8%    0.3%
   40.9%     0.0%      0.8%    0.0%
   11.9%     0.0%      3.4%    0.0%
    4.6%   209.4%      0.0%    0.0%
   40.9%     0.0%      0.8%    0.0%
   40.9%     0.0%      0.8%    0.0%
   40.9%     0.0%      0.8%    0.0%
    1.6%   147.4%      0.1%    0.0%
   40.9%     0.0%      0.8%    0.0%
   39.6%     3.1%      1.1%    0.9%


$ 110,902 $ 11,215 $ 63,659 $ 3,726
         0        1        0       0
Trade                2003
                                      Revealed openness
                      Measured
                      protection               On measured
                        (tariff-                protection
                     equivalent ad Original (% scale (tariff-
                       valorem)     of GDP)     equivalent)       Composite      Score
Australia                      5.6%      8.5%          -1.2%           3.9%           8.4
Austria                      14.3%       4.0%         14.8%           14.4%           4.2
Belgium                      14.2%       4.0%         14.8%           14.4%           4.2
Canada                         6.5%      4.6%         12.5%            8.0%           6.8
Denmark                      14.0%       4.0%         14.8%           14.2%           4.3
Finland                      14.7%       4.0%         14.8%           14.7%           4.1
France                       14.1%       4.0%         14.8%           14.3%           4.2
Germany                      14.2%       4.0%         14.8%           14.3%           4.2
Greece                       14.1%       4.0%         14.8%           14.3%           4.3
Ireland                      14.5%       4.0%         14.8%           14.6%           4.1
Italy                        13.7%       4.0%         14.8%           14.0%           4.4
Japan                        31.1%       5.7%           8.6%          25.5%          -0.3
Netherlands                  13.4%       4.0%         14.8%           13.8%           4.5
New Zealand                    3.0%      8.9%          -2.6%           1.6%           9.4
Norway                       16.6%       2.6%         19.8%           17.4%           3.0
Portugal                     14.1%       4.0%         14.8%           14.3%           4.3
Spain                        14.0%       4.0%         14.8%           14.2%           4.3
Sweden                       14.6%       4.0%         14.8%           14.6%           4.1
Switzerland                    8.2%      2.4%         20.3%           11.2%           5.5
United Kingdom               14.4%       4.0%         14.8%           14.5%           4.2
United States                  7.7%      4.6%         12.5%            8.9%           6.4

Average                      13.2%         4.4%           13.2%         12.4%
Standard deviation            5.4%         1.5%            5.4%

Weight                        75%                           25%


Overall protection, 2001, including textile and apparel quotas

                                                                  Everything
                              Agricultural commodities              else
                                                      Total
                        Tariffs       Subsidies    protection       Tariffs      Total
Australia                     0.4%         12.8%         13.3%            4.8%       5.6%
Austria                      47.6%         15.0%         69.8%            8.5%     14.3%
Belgium                      47.6%         14.2%         68.6%            8.5%     14.2%
Canada                       11.4%          6.9%         19.0%            5.2%       6.5%
Denmark                      47.6%         13.0%         66.8%            8.5%     14.0%
Finland                      47.6%         17.5%         73.4%            8.5%     14.7%
France                       47.6%         13.5%         67.5%            8.5%     14.1%
Germany                      47.6%         14.0%         68.4%            8.5%     14.2%
Greece                       47.6%         13.4%         67.4%            8.5%     14.1%
Ireland                      47.6%         16.4%         71.9%            8.5%     14.5%
Italy                        47.6%         10.9%         63.7%            8.5%     13.7%
Japan                      283.0%        3.1%         295.0%             3.2%          31.1%
Netherlands                 47.6%        8.6%          60.4%             8.5%          13.4%
New Zealand                  0.4%        1.8%           2.2%             3.0%           3.0%
Norway                     108.8%       16.6%         143.4%             3.2%          16.6%
Portugal                    47.6%       13.2%          67.0%             8.5%          14.1%
Spain                       47.6%       12.8%          66.5%             8.5%          14.0%
Sweden                      47.6%       16.8%          72.4%             8.5%          14.6%
Switzerland                 38.2%       12.3%          55.2%             3.3%           8.2%
United Kingdom              48.3%       15.0%          70.6%             8.5%          14.4%
United States                4.4%       14.9%          20.0%             6.3%           7.7%
EU                          47.6%


Value of production in non-CDI countries        $    352,554 $ 3,332,287
PSE commodity (I.e., corresponds to product groups covered in agricultural subsidy estimates)?


Agricultural commodities--details
                                                                                 Elasticity of substition between imports and do

                                                                  Australia        Canada           EU
National currency units, 1999-2001 average
Production (farmgate prices, excluding budgetary support)             34,454          30,072       248,041

Producer Support Estimate (PSE)                                        1,625           5,919       103,141
  Market Price Support (MPS)                                             150           3,006        62,937
    of which MPS commodities                                             114           2,294        45,359
  Payments based on output                                                50             450         3,819
  Payments based on area planted/animal numbers                           25             459        25,869
  "Counter cyclical payments"
  Payments based on historical entitlements                                91            540           622
  Payments based on input use                                          1,053             520         6,771
  Payments based on input constraints                                    -               -           3,325
  Payments based on overall farming income                               256             888           -
  Miscellaneous payments                                                 -                 56         (202)

Consumer Support Estimate (CSE)                                          (175)         (3,089)     (55,415)
 Transfers to producers from consumers                                    (66)         (3,002)     (60,559)
 Other transfers from consumers                                           -               (87)        (515)
 Transfers to consumers from taxpayers                                   (109)            -          3,919
 Excess feed cost                                                         -               -          1,739


Exchange rate/$, average 1999-2001                                       1.73             1.51           1.03

$ figures
Production                                                             19,885          19,977       240,033

 Export subsidies                                                          48              3         2,301
 Other trade-distorting subsidies                                         677          1,129        38,801
Total trade-distorting subsidies                                          726          1,131        41,102
Subsidy rate                                                             3.6%           5.7%         17.1%
Agricultural commodity imports, 1999-2001 average                             693          5,459         28,827
Agricultural commodity exports, 1999-2001 average                           9,436         10,286         18,718
Apparent consumption (world prices)                                        11,054         13,106        172,712
Import share of consumption                                                     6%           42%            17%
Import price elasticity                                                        3.4            2.1            3.0
Tariff equivalent of border measures                                         0.4%          11.4%          47.6%

Tariff equivalent of subsidies                                               12.8%           6.9%         13.2%

Source: OECD, Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries: Monitoring and Evaluation (Paris: 2003), pp. 231-76.
Calculations based on William Cline, World Trade and Global Poverty , ch. 3.


EU agricultural commodity breakout

                       Share of
                     contributions
                         to the
                       European     Estimated
                      Agricultural    CAP                                                             Share of
                     Guidance and subsidies           Estimated        Estimated                     GDP from
                      Guarantee      (billion        share of EU    trade-distorting GDP, 2002       agriculture,
                      Fund, 2001     euros)           subsidies       subsidies ($)   (billion $)       2001
Austria                        2.5%      € 1.16              2.5%    $         1.03            203          1.3%
Belgium                        2.2%      € 1.02              2.2%    $         0.90            248          1.1%
Denmark                        2.6%      € 1.21              2.6%    $         1.07            175          2.3%
Finland                        1.9%      € 0.89              1.9%    $         0.78            131          0.9%
France                        22.0%     € 10.25             22.0%    $         9.04          1,410          2.2%
Germany                       14.0%      € 6.52             14.0%    $         5.75          1,980          0.9%
Greece                         6.2%      € 2.89              6.2%    $         2.55            133          6.7%
Ireland                        3.8%      € 1.77              3.8%    $         1.56            120          2.5%
Italy                         12.7%      € 5.92             12.7%    $         5.22          1,180          2.4%
Netherlands                    2.7%      € 1.26              2.7%    $         1.11            414          2.2%
Portugal                       2.1%      € 0.98              2.1%    $         0.86            121          2.6%
Spain                         14.7%      € 6.85             14.7%    $         6.04            650          3.6%
Sweden                         1.9%      € 0.89              1.9%    $         0.78            230          0.6%
United Kingdom                10.4%      € 4.85             10.4%    $         4.27          1,564          0.7%

Total                                      € 46.59                  $        40.98

GDP and Agricultural GDP share data from World Development Indicators (WDI 2006).

Imports and exports of agricultural commodities, annual average, 1999-2001

                        Imports          Exports
Australia       $             693    $      9,436
Canada          $           5,459    $     10,286
                $
European Community         28,827    $     18,718
Japan           $          20,193    $        534
New Zealand     $             417    $      4,755
Norway          $             765    $        194
Switzerland         $       1,904   $      534
United States       $      17,672   $   33,945

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, COMTRADE database.


"Agricultural commodities" are goods in Standard International Trade Classificiation, Revision 2 (SITC2) categories 00,
01, 02 (excluding 025), 041-045, 054.1, 054.2, 054.4, 054.81, 057, 06, 08 (excluding 081.42), and 22, per the definition
in OECD, Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries: Monitoring and Outlook (Paris: 2005), Table 1.1, note 5.

Revealed openness--Imports from developing countries, 2001
                 Least Developed Countries       Low and middle income

                                                                                   GDP, 2005       Weighted
                    Manufactures     All goods Manufactures         All goods       (billion $)     total
Australia                    0.06           0.06      14.23                17.99          380.56       32.34
Canada                       0.05           0.06      15.92                16.57          705.05       32.59
European Union               1.06           1.10     155.38               162.04       8,060.51      319.57
Japan                        0.15           0.22     102.09               131.80       4,087.73      234.27
New Zealand                  0.00           0.00        2.14                2.52           52.49        4.66
Norway                       0.01           0.01        2.13                2.19          169.74        4.33
Switzerland                  0.01           0.01        2.97                3.07          250.35        6.06
United States                1.50           1.54     225.51               237.42     10,075.90       465.97

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, COMTRADE database.

"Manufactures"
are goods in
Details by sector



 Animal Beverag Bovine Bovine    Cereal  Chemical,           Crops   Dairy
products es and  cattle, meat    grains   rubber,    Coal     nec   product Electricity
    0.0%   14.1%    0.0%  0.0%      0.0%      4.1%    0.0%     0.0%    0.9%       0.0%
    6.8%   12.1%  64.4% 65.0%      26.2%      1.8%    0.0%     2.1% 41.2%         0.0%
    6.8%   12.1%  64.4% 65.0%      26.2%      1.8%    0.0%     2.1% 41.2%         0.0%
    8.5%    8.0%    0.0%  6.9%      0.0%      1.8%    0.0%     0.5% 91.9%         0.0%
    6.8%   12.1%  64.4% 65.0%      26.2%      1.8%    0.0%     2.1% 41.2%         0.0%
    6.8%   12.1%  64.4% 65.0%      26.2%      1.8%    0.0%     2.1% 41.2%         0.0%
    6.8%   12.1%  64.4% 65.0%      26.2%      1.8%    0.0%     2.1% 41.2%         0.0%
    6.8%   12.1%  64.4% 65.0%      26.2%      1.8%    0.0%     2.1% 41.2%         0.0%
    6.8%   12.1%  64.4% 65.0%      26.2%      1.8%    0.0%     2.1% 41.2%         0.0%
    6.8%   12.1%  64.4% 65.0%      26.2%      1.8%    0.0%     2.1% 41.2%         0.0%
    6.8%   12.1%  64.4% 65.0%      26.2%      1.8%    0.0%     2.1% 41.2%         0.0%
                 17.3%      10.8%       85.6% 34.1%          32.6%    0.3%   0.0%    1.5% 99.2%    0.0%
                  6.8%      12.1%       64.4% 65.0%          26.2%    1.8%   0.0%    2.1% 41.2%    0.0%
                  0.3%      19.0%        0.0%   0.2%          0.0%    3.3%   0.0%    0.5%   1.7%
                131.3%      22.2%      295.0% 191.1%         89.8%    0.1%   0.0%   12.2% 114.2%   0.0%
                  6.8%      12.1%       64.4% 65.0%          26.2%    1.8%   0.0%    2.1% 41.2%    0.0%
                  6.8%      12.1%       64.4% 65.0%          26.2%    1.8%   0.0%    2.1% 41.2%    0.0%
                  6.8%      12.1%       64.4% 65.0%          26.2%    1.8%   0.0%    2.1% 41.2%    0.0%
                  8.6%      11.6%       15.0% 169.3%         72.2%    0.3%   0.0%   10.4% 127.4%   0.0%
                  6.8%      12.1%       64.4% 65.0%          44.9%    1.8%   0.0%    2.1% 41.0%    0.0%
                  0.6%       2.4%        0.4%   3.4%          1.3%    3.0%   0.0%    2.9% 16.6%    0.0%


             $ 109,527 $ 79,914 $ 12,635 $ 8,292 $ 13,363 357,027.04 17373.2 $ 16,944 $ 6,312 $ 119,014
                      1        0        1       1        1          0      0         1       1         0




                                                       3.6
bstition between imports and domestically produced goods:

                                                 United States
               Japan New Zealand Norway Switzerland

                 9,236    13,151       17,480    7,259     192,417

                 5,929       142       19,310    7,317      51,256
                 5,357         99       7,546    4,413      18,662
                 3,547         72       6,179    3,535      12,152
                   172       -          3,019      261       9,285
                   -         -          3,213      821       2,722
                                                             1,426
                   -          -           -      1,163      10,085
                   283            42    4,490      303       6,877
                   117        -           678      147       1,844
                   -              2       363      -         1,780
                   -          -           -        208         -

                (7,342)       (97)     (7,453)   (4,976)       721
                (5,356)       (94)     (8,595)   (4,389)   (18,676)
                (1,998)         (3)      (410)   (1,154)    (1,972)
                     7        -           597       383     21,369
                     4        -           956       184        -


                   0.11       2.11       8.44      1.65        1.00


                 80,959     6,237       2,071     4,401    192,417

                     9          2        (124)      15         (14)
                 5,014         20       1,351    1,281      27,197
                 5,023         22       1,226    1,296      27,183
                  6.2%       0.4%       59.2%    29.4%       14.1%
                  20,193         417       765    1,904  17,672
                     534       4,755       194      534  33,945
                  40,798       1,873     1,563    4,555 167,969
                     49%         22%       49%      42%     11%
                      1.8         2.8       1.8      2.1     3.2
                  283.0%        0.4%    108.8%    38.2%    4.4%

                    3.1%        1.8%     16.6%    12.3%    14.9%

3), pp. 231-76.




                            Estimated            Tariff
              Estimated     productio           equivale
               share of          n    Estimated nt of
                 EU         (farmgate subsidy subsidie
              production      prices)    rate      s
                   1.8%      $ 4.29         24% 15.0%
                   1.8%      $ 4.44         20% 14.2%
                   2.7%      $ 6.54         16% 13.0%
                   0.8%      $ 1.92         41% 17.5%
                  21.0%      $ 50.44        18% 13.5%
                  12.1%      $ 28.98        20% 14.0%
                   6.0%      $ 14.49        18% 13.4%
                   2.0%      $ 4.88         32% 16.4%
                  19.2%      $ 46.05        11% 10.9%
                   6.2%      $ 14.81         7%    8.6%
                   2.1%      $ 5.12         17% 13.2%
                  15.9%      $ 38.05        16% 12.8%
                   0.9%      $ 2.24         35% 16.8%
                   7.4%      $ 17.80        24% 15.0%

                   100% $ 240.03           17%
(SITC2) categories 00,
nd 22, per the definition
 1.1, note 5.



              Weighted
              imports/G
                 DP
                   8.5%
                   4.6%
                   4.0%
                   5.7%
                   8.9%
                   2.6%
                   2.4%
                   4.6%
Electronic   Ferrous            Food                       Gas    Leather Machinery
equipmen     metals   Fishing products Forestry   Gas     manufa products   and
      0.8%       3.7%    0.3%     1.7%     0.2%    0.0%     5.0%     9.3%     3.9%
      0.9%       2.9%    5.5%    10.2%     0.1%    0.0%     0.0%     9.1%     0.4%
      0.9%       2.9%    5.5%    10.2%     0.1%    0.0%     0.0%     9.1%     0.4%
      0.1%       0.6%    0.3%     4.6%     0.4%    0.0%     0.0%    11.6%     1.3%
      0.9%       2.9%    5.5%    10.2%     0.1%    0.0%     0.0%     9.1%     0.4%
      0.9%       2.9%    5.5%    10.2%     0.1%    0.0%     0.0%     9.1%     0.4%
      0.9%       2.9%    5.5%    10.2%     0.1%    0.0%     0.0%     9.1%     0.4%
      0.9%       2.9%    5.5%    10.2%     0.1%    0.0%     0.0%     9.1%     0.4%
      0.9%       2.9%    5.5%    10.2%     0.1%    0.0%     0.0%     9.1%     0.4%
      0.9%       2.9%    5.5%    10.2%     0.1%    0.0%     0.0%     9.1%     0.4%
      0.9%       2.9%    5.5%    10.2%     0.1%    0.0%     0.0%     9.1%     0.4%
    0.0%      0.4%     3.8%     11.4%      1.4%     0.2%    0.0%    15.0%      0.0%
    0.9%      2.9%     5.5%     10.2%      0.1%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      0.4%
    1.0%      1.8%     0.3%      1.1%      0.0%     0.0%    0.0%     7.9%      2.4%
    0.0%      0.0%     0.6%     21.3%      0.0%     0.0%    0.0%     3.9%      0.0%
    0.9%      2.9%     5.5%     10.2%      0.1%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      0.4%
    0.9%      2.9%     5.5%     10.2%      0.1%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      0.4%
    0.9%      2.9%     5.5%     10.2%      0.1%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      0.4%
    0.0%      0.0%     0.1%     10.9%      0.4%     0.0%    0.0%     0.1%      0.0%
    0.9%      2.9%     5.5%     10.2%      0.1%     0.0%    0.0%     9.1%      0.4%
    0.4%      1.7%     0.3%      4.2%      0.3%     0.0%    0.0%    14.7%      2.1%


$ 378,851 $ 142,203 $ 43,423 $ 127,145 $ 26,634 $ 12,920 $ 3,824 $ 73,451 $ 413,194
         0         0        0         0        0        0       0        0         0
Manufact   Meat     Metal    Metals  Mineral Minerals  Motor              Oil     Paddy
ures nec products products    nec   products   nec    vehicles   Oil     seeds     rice
     3.4%    0.9%     5.6%     1.0%     4.2%    0.2%      7.4%    5.6%     2.1%      0.0%
     2.2%   20.3%     2.5%     2.5%     4.1%    0.1%      1.3%    0.0%     0.0%     86.0%
     2.2%   20.3%     2.5%     2.5%     4.1%    0.1%      1.3%    0.0%     0.0%     86.0%
     1.5%   67.3%     2.9%     0.0%     1.1%    0.0%      3.1%    0.0%     0.0%      0.0%
     2.2%   20.3%     2.5%     2.5%     4.1%    0.1%      1.3%    0.0%     0.0%     86.0%
     2.2%   20.3%     2.5%     2.5%     4.1%    0.1%      1.3%    0.0%     0.0%     86.0%
     2.2%   20.3%     2.5%     2.5%     4.1%    0.1%      1.3%    0.0%     0.0%     86.0%
     2.2%   20.3%     2.5%     2.5%     4.1%    0.1%      1.3%    0.0%     0.0%     86.0%
     2.2%   20.3%     2.5%     2.5%     4.1%    0.1%      1.3%    0.0%     0.0%     86.0%
     2.2%   20.3%     2.5%     2.5%     4.1%    0.1%      1.3%    0.0%     0.0%     86.0%
     2.2%   20.3%     2.5%     2.5%     4.1%    0.1%      1.3%    0.0%     0.0%     86.0%
    0.9%    38.3%      0.1%     0.3%       0.1%     0.1%      0.0%     0.0%    4.3%   924.8%
    2.2%    20.3%      2.5%     2.5%       4.1%     0.1%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%    86.0%
    2.9%     2.2%      3.1%     0.4%       2.3%     0.0%      4.8%     0.0%    0.0%     0.0%
    0.0%   255.1%      0.0%     0.0%       0.0%     0.0%      0.0%     0.0%   40.3%    33.0%
    2.2%    20.3%      2.5%     2.5%       4.1%     0.1%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%    86.0%
    2.2%    20.3%      2.5%     2.5%       4.1%     0.1%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%    86.0%
    2.2%    20.3%      2.5%     2.5%       4.1%     0.1%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%    86.0%
   14.6%   142.7%      0.2%     0.0%       0.1%     0.0%      0.3%     0.0%   18.8%     6.0%
    2.2%    20.4%      2.5%     2.5%       4.1%     0.1%      1.3%     0.0%    0.0%    86.0%
    2.0%     5.7%      2.8%     1.8%       4.9%     0.1%      3.5%     0.0%   23.4%     5.8%


$ 122,214 $ 34,738 $ 111,334 $ 61,764 $ 177,147 $ 71,284 $ 121,758 $ 36,600 $ 9,879 $ 44,163
         0        1         0        0         0        0         0        0       1        1
 Paper Petroleum Plant- Processe           Sugar               Transpor Vegetabl Vegetable
products , coal   based   d rice  Sugar    cane,    Textiles       t     e oils   s, fruit,
    3.6%     0.0%   0.0%     0.0% 11.9%      0.0%      16.4%       2.8%     0.7%       0.9%
    0.1%     0.2%   0.0% 176.7% 90.1%      150.2%      53.1%       2.7%     4.6%      30.5%
    0.1%     0.2%   0.0% 176.7% 90.1%      150.2%      53.1%       2.7%     4.6%      30.5%
    0.0%     0.0%   0.0%     0.0%   1.9%     0.0%      36.6%       8.5%     2.5%       2.1%
    0.1%     0.2%   0.0% 176.7% 90.1%      150.2%      53.1%       2.7%     4.6%      30.5%
    0.1%     0.2%   0.0% 176.7% 90.1%      150.2%      53.1%       2.7%     4.6%      30.5%
    0.1%     0.2%   0.0% 176.7% 90.1%      150.2%      53.1%       2.7%     4.6%      30.5%
    0.1%     0.2%   0.0% 176.7% 90.1%      150.2%      53.1%       2.7%     4.6%      30.5%
    0.1%     0.2%   0.0% 176.7% 90.1%      150.2%      53.1%       2.7%     4.6%      30.5%
    0.1%     0.2%   0.0% 176.7% 90.1%      150.2%      53.1%       2.7%     4.6%      30.5%
    0.1%     0.2%   0.0% 176.7% 90.1%      150.2%      53.1%       2.7%     4.6%      30.5%
   0.1%      2.1%    0.0%   984.9% 208.7%  0.0%          6.7%     0.0%     3.9%     24.9%
   0.1%      0.2%    0.0%   176.7% 90.1% 150.2%         53.1%     2.7%     4.6%     30.5%
   2.1%      0.5%    0.0%     0.0%   0.0%  0.0%          6.4%     1.6%     0.7%      0.1%
   0.0%      0.0%    0.0%    33.0% 65.6% 187.6%          5.5%     0.0%    64.1%     23.6%
   0.1%      0.2%    0.0%   176.7% 90.1% 150.2%         53.1%     2.7%     4.6%     30.5%
   0.1%      0.2%    0.0%   176.7% 90.1% 150.2%         53.1%     2.7%     4.6%     30.5%
   0.1%      0.2%    0.0%   176.7% 90.1% 150.2%         53.1%     2.7%     4.6%     30.5%
   0.2%      0.0%    0.0%     7.9% 139.6% 21.6%          2.3%     0.1%    26.0%     37.5%
   0.1%      0.2%    0.0%   176.7% 90.1% 150.2%         53.1%     2.7%     4.6%     30.5%
   0.4%      1.1%    0.1%     7.3% 22.7%   0.9%         41.3%     2.4%     2.7%      6.5%


$ 99,224 $ 121,775 $ 7,418 $ 49,889 $ 7,025 $ 3,445 $ 224,500 $ 55,966 $ 21,152 $ 152,016
        0         0       1        1       1       0         0        0        1         0
Wearing             Wood    Wool,
apparel   Wheat    products silk-
  22.0%     0.0%       4.6%  0.2%
  40.9%     0.0%       0.8%  0.0%
  40.9%     0.0%       0.8%  0.0%
  33.9%     2.7%       2.5%  0.0%
  40.9%     0.0%       0.8%  0.0%
  40.9%     0.0%       0.8%  0.0%
  40.9%     0.0%       0.8%  0.0%
  40.9%     0.0%       0.8%  0.0%
  40.9%     0.0%       0.8%  0.0%
  40.9%     0.0%       0.8%  0.0%
  40.9%     0.0%       0.8%  0.0%
    9.8%   224.8%      0.8%    0.3%
   40.9%     0.0%      0.8%    0.0%
   11.9%     0.0%      3.4%    0.0%
    4.6%   209.4%      0.0%    0.0%
   40.9%     0.0%      0.8%    0.0%
   40.9%     0.0%      0.8%    0.0%
   40.9%     0.0%      0.8%    0.0%
    1.6%   147.4%      0.1%    0.0%
   40.9%     0.0%      0.8%    0.0%
   39.6%     3.1%      1.1%    0.9%


$ 110,902 $ 11,215 $ 63,659 $ 3,726
         0        1        0       0
Investment
                                                I. Political Risk Insurance




                                         Agency
                                        does not                               Extend
                                         monitor Investors                    coverage
                                           envir/      in all    Inappropri      to       Eligibility
               Multilatera Official        labor/    sectors      ate nat'l inefficient limited to
                    l      national       human       NOT           econ     import sub nationally-
               Insurance agency?        rights? (- eligible? (- interest projects? (- owned
                  (10)       (15)            4)          2)      tests? (-2)     2)     firms? (-2)      Total
Australia               10        15                                                 -2                          23
Austria                 10        15              -2          -2                     -2                          19
Belgium                 10        15                                                 -2                          23
Canada                  10        15                                                 -2                          23
Denmark                 10        15                                                 -2                          23
Finland                 10        15              -2                                 -2                          21
France                  10        15              -2                                 -2                          21
Germany                 10        15                                                 -2                          23
Greece                  10        15                                                 -2             -2           21
Ireland                 10          0                                                                            10
Italy                   10        15                                                  -2                         23
Japan                   10        15                                                  -2                         23
Netherlands             10        15                                                  -2                         23
New Zealand             10          0                                                                            10
Norway                  10        15                                                  -2                         23
Portugal                10        15            -2           -2                       -2           -2            17
South Korea             10          0                                                                            10
Spain                   10        15                                                  -2                         23
Sweden                  10        15            -2                                                               23
Switzerland             10        15                                                               -2            23
UK                      10        15                                                  -2                         23
USA                     10        15            -2                        -2          -2           -2            17

2003 CDI Average
              II. Double Taxation                                 III. Prevention of Bribery/Corrupt Practices


                                                                                                    Bonus for
Method to                                                                                          leadership
   avoid      Doesn't let Allows                                                                    , action to
  double       investors   foreign                                                                    punish
taxation?         enjoy   taxes as                  OECD                                  Bribe        bribe
    tax       developin      an                    conventio               Participati   Payers       payers,
  sparing      g country expense                      n --                on in EITI/     Index       and/or
 (20); tax         tax      not a                  participati OECD        G8/ other     Score       WB fund
credits(18    incentives credit? (-                on level? weakness     initiatives?   Quintile contributio
     )           ? (-6)      10)      Total          (10)       (-2)           (16)         (4)        n (6)
         18                                   18           10         0             16           4            0
          2                                    2           10        -2              6           4
         18           -6                      12           10        -2             16           3
         20                                   20           10        -2             16           4            0
         18           -6                      12           10        -2              6           2
         18                                   18           10        -2             14           2
         20                                   20           10        -2             16           2
         20                                   20           10        -2             16           3            8
         18           -4                      14           10        -2              6           2            4
          4                                    4             4       -2              6           2
         14                                   14           10        -2              6           1
         18                                   18           10        -2             10           3
         18                      -2           16           10        -2             12           3            4
          5                                    5           10        -2              8           2
         18                                   18           10        -2             16           2            6
         16                                   16           10        -2              6           2
         20                                   20           10        -2             10           1
         20                                   20           10        -2              6           2
         18           -6                      12           10        -2              6           4
         16           -6                      10           10        -2              0           4            2
         18                                   18           10        -2             16           4            4
         18                                   18           10        -2             16           3            4
Corrupt Practices                           IV. Other Measures                    V. Facilitate Portfolio Investment

                                                       Using
                                                      Foreign
             Penalty                   Advocacy     Service or
                 for                  to prevent    Commerci
            negligenc                 implement     al Service                                      No
                  e,                    ation of      to help                     Official      restrictions
             deferred                 labor/envir     identify                  support for     on pension
                gift                   on./huma     investmen                   outflows of        fund
              corrupt                   n rights         t                       portfolio    investment in
            payments                   standards    opportuniti                investment?       emerging                     Grand
                (-6)     Total           ? (-5)       es? (5)      Total            (5)         mkts? (15)       Total         total
                                 30                            5           5                0              15            15          91
                                 18                            5           5                0                0            0          44
                                 27                            0           0                0              15            15          77
                                 28                            5           5                2              15            17          93
                                 16                            5           5                0              15            15          71
                                 24                            5           5                5                             5          73
                                 26                            2           2                5                0            5          74
                    -4           31                            5           5                0              15            15          94
                                 20                            5           5                5                0            5          65
                                 10                            2           2                0              15            15          41
                                 15                            5           5                0              15            15          72
                    -4           17                            5           5                0                0            0          63
                                 27                            5           5                5              15            20          91
                                 18                            5           5                5              15            20          58
                                 32                            5           5                5                             5          83
                                 16                            5           5                5              15            20          74
                                 19                            5           5                0              15            15          69
                                 16                            5           5                0              15            15          79
                                 18                            5           5                5              15            20          78
                                 14                            5           5                5              15            20          72
                    -4           28                            5           5                5              15            20          94
                    -4           27                            5           5                5                7           12          79

                                                                                                                                    74
Score
    6.1
    3.0
    5.2
    6.3
    4.8
    4.9
    5.0
    6.3
    4.4
    2.8
    4.8
    4.2
    6.1
    3.9
    5.6
    5.0
    4.6
    5.3
    5.2
    4.8
    6.3
    5.3
Investment
                                                I. Political Risk Insurance


                                         Agency
                                        does not                               Extend
                                         monitor Investors                    coverage
                                           envir/      in all    Inappropri      to       Eligibility
               Multilatera Official        labor/    sectors      ate nat'l inefficient limited to
                    l      national       human       NOT           econ     import sub nationally-
               Insurance agency?        rights? (- eligible? (- interest projects? (- owned
                  (10)       (15)            4)          2)      tests? (-2)     2)     firms? (-2)      Total
Australia               10        15               0           0           0         -2              0           23
Austria                 10        15               0          -2          -2         -2              0           19
Belgium                 10        15               0           0           0         -2              0           23
Canada                  10        15               0           0           0         -2              0           23
Denmark                 10        15              -2           0           0         -2              0           21
Finland                 10        15              -2           0           0         -2              0           21
France                  10        15              -2           0           0         -2              0           21
Germany                 10        15               0           0           0         -2              0           23
Greece                  10        15               0          -2           0         -2              0           21
Ireland                 10          0              0           0           0          0              0           10
Italy                   10        15               0           0           0         -2              0           23
Japan                   10        15               0           0           0         -2              0           23
Netherlands             10        15               0           0           0         -2              0           23
New Zealand              5          0              0           0           0          0              0            5
Norway                  10        15               0           0           0         -2              0           23
Portugal                10        15              -2          -2           0         -2             -2           17
Spain                   10        15               0           0           0         -2              0           23
Sweden                  10        15              -2           0           0          0              0           23
Switzerland             10        15               0           0           0          0             -2           23
UK                      10        15               0           0           0         -2             -2           21
USA                     10        15               0          -2          -2         -2             -2           17

2003 CDI Average
              II. Double Taxation                                      III. Prevention of Bribery/Corrupt Practices
                                                                                                     Bonus for
Method to                                                                                           leadership
   avoid      Doesn't let Allows                                                                     , action to
  double       investors    foreign                                                                    punish
taxation?         enjoy    taxes as                   OECD                                  Bribe       bribe
    tax       developin       an                     conventio                 Participati Payers      payers,
  sparing      g country expense                        n --                   on in EITI/ Index       and/or
 (20); tax         tax       not a                   participati    OECD       G8/ other   Score      WB fund
credits(18    incentives credit? (-                  on level?     weakness initiatives? Quintile contributio
     )           ? (-6)       10)       Total          (10)          (-2)         (16)       (4)        n (6)
         20             -2          0           18           10             -2         12         4            0
         18             -6        -10            2           10             -2          6         4            0
         18             -6          0           12           10             -2          8         3            0
         20              0          0           20           10             -2         12         4            2
         18             -6          0           12           10             -2          6         2            0
         18              0          0           18           10             -2         14         2            0
         20              0          0           20           10             -2         16         2            0
         20              0          0           20           10             -2         16         3            8
         18             -6          0           12           10             -2          6         2            0
          0              0          0            0           10             -2          6         2            0
         18             -4          0           14           10             -2          6         1            0
         18              0          0           18           10             -2         10         3            0
         18             -2          0           16           10             -2         12         3            4
          5              0          0            5           10             -2          0         2            0
         18              0          0           18           10             -2         16         2            6
         16              0          0           16           10             -2          6         2            0
         20              0          0           20           10             -2          6         2            0
         18             -6          0           12           10             -2          6         4            0
         16             -6          0           10           10             -2          6         4            0
         18              0          0           18           10             -2         16         4            4
         18              0          0           18           10             -2         16         3            4
Corrupt Practices                              IV. Other Measures              V. Facilitate Portfolio Investment
                                           Using
             Penalty                     Foreign      Advocacy
                 for                    Service or to prevent
            negligenc                  Commercia implement                                        No
                  e,                   l Service to ation of                    Official      restrictions
             deferred                       help     labor/envir              support for     on pension
                gift                      identify    on./huma                outflows of        fund
              corrupt                  investment n rights                     portfolio      investment
            payments                   opportunitie standards                investment?     in emerging
                (-6)      Total            s? (5)       ?(-5)    Total            (5)         mkts? (15)      Total        Total
                      0           24               5          0          5               0               15           15           85
                                  18               5          0          5               0                0            0           44
                                  19               0          0          0               5               15           20           74
                    -2            24               5          0          5               2               15           17           89
                                  16               5          0          5               0               15           15           69
                                  24               5          0          5               2                0            2           70
                     0            26               2          0          2               5                0            5           74
                    -4            31               5          0          5               0               15           15           94
                                  16               5          0          5               5                0            5           59
                                  16               2          0          2               0               15           15           43
                                  15               5          0          5               0               15           15           72
                    -4            17               5          0          5               5                0            5           68
                                  27               5          0          5               5               15           20           91
                                  10               5          0          5               5               15           20           45
                                  32               5          0          5               0                7            7           85
                                  16               5          0          5               5               15           20           74
                     0            16               5          0          5               0               15           15           79
                                  18               5          0          5               5               15           20           78
                                  18               5          0          5               5               15           20           76
                    -4            28               5          0          5               5               15           20           92
                    -4            27               5          0          5               5                7           12           79

                                                                                                                                   74
Score
    5.7
    3.0
    5.0
    6.0
    4.6
    4.7
    5.0
    6.3
    4.0
    2.9
    4.8
    4.6
    6.1
    3.0
    5.7
    5.0
    5.3
    5.2
    5.1
    6.2
    5.3
Investment

                                           I. Political Risk Insurance                                       II. Double Taxation

                                                                                                       Method to
                                         Agency                                                          avoid
                                        does not                               Extend                   double
                                         monitor Investors                    coverage                 taxation?
                                           envir/      in all    Inappropri      to       Eligibility     tax
               Multilatera Official        labor/    sectors      ate nat'l inefficient limited to sparing
                    l      national       human       NOT           econ     import sub nationally- (20); tax
               Insurance agency?        rights? (- eligible? (- interest projects? (- owned credits(18
                  (10)       (15)            4)          2)      tests? (-2)     2)     firms? (-2)        )
Australia               10        15               0           0           0         -2              0         20
Austria                 10        15               0          -2          -2         -2              0         18
Belgium                 10        15              -2           0           0         -2              0         18
Canada                  10        15               0           0           0         -2              0         20
Denmark                 10        15              -2           0           0         -2              0         18
Finland                 10        15              -2           0           0         -2              0         18
France                  10        15              -2           0           0         -2              0         20
Germany                 10        15               0           0           0         -2              0         20
Greece                  10        15               0          -2          -2         -2             -2         18
Ireland                 10          0              0           0           0          0              0          0
Italy                   10        15               0           0           0         -2              0         18
Japan                   10        15               0           0           0         -2              0         18
Netherlands             10        15               0           0           0         -2              0         18
New Zealand              5          0              0           0           0          0              0          5
Norway                  10        15               0           0           0         -2              0         18
Portugal                10        15              -2          -2           0         -2             -2         18
Spain                   10        15               0           0           0         -2              0         20
Sweden                  10        15              -2           0           0          0              0         18
Switzerland             10        15               0           0           0          0             -2         16
UK                      10        15               0           0           0          0             -2         18
USA                     10        15               0          -2          -2         -2             -2         18

2003 CDI Average
II. Double Taxation                        III. Prevention of Bribery/Corrupt Practices               IV. Other Measures
                                                                               Bonus for                   Using
                                                                              leadership Penalty         Foreign
    Doesn't let Allows                                                         , action to     for      Service or
     investors    foreign                                                        punish negligenc Commercia
        enjoy    taxes as    OECD                                    Bribe        bribe         e,     l Service to
    developin       an      conventio                  Participati Payers        payers,   deferred         help
     g country expense         n --                    on in EITI/   Index       and/or       gift        identify
         tax       not a    participati     OECD       G8/ other     Score      WB fund     corrupt investment
    incentives credit? (- on level?       weakness initiatives? Quintile contributio payments opportunitie
       ? (-6)       10)       (10)             (-2)       (16)         (4)        n (6)       (-6)         s? (5)
              -2          0           6             -2         10          4             0         -2              5
              -6        -10         10              -2           0         4             0                         5
               0          0         10              -2           8         3             0                         0
               0          0         10              -2         12          4             2         -2              5
              -6          0           6             -2           4         2             0                         5
              -4          0         10              -2         14          2             0                         5
               0          0         10              -2         16          2             2         -2              2
               0          0         10              -2         10          3             0         -4              5
              -6          0         10              -2           0         2             0                         5
               0          0           6             -2           0         2             0                         2
              -4          0         10              -2           0         1             0                         5
               0          0         10              -2         10          2             0         -6              5
              -2          0           6             -2         16          3             2                         5
               0          0           6             -2           8         2             0                         5
               0          0         10              -2         16          2             6                         5
               0          0           6             -2           4         2             0                         5
               0          0         10              -2           8         2             0         -6              5
              -6          0           6             -2           0         4             3                         5
              -6          0         10              -2         12          4             0                         5
               0          0         10              -2         16          2             6                         5
               0          0         10              -2         16          2             4         -4              5
                           V. Facilitate Portfolio
IV. Other Measures              Investment

            Advocacy
           to prevent
           implement
             ation of     Official    No restrictions
           labor/envir support for      on pension
            on./huma    outflows of        fund
             n rights    portfolio    investment in
            standards investment?        emerging
               ?(-5)        (5)         mkts? (15)      Total        Score
                      0             0              15           77       5.2
                      0             0               0           38       2.6
                      0             5              15           78       5.2
                      0             0              15           87       5.9
                      0             0              15           63       4.2
                      0             2               0           66       4.4
                      0             0               0           69       4.6
                      0             0              15           80       5.4
                      0             5               0           49       3.3
                      0             0              15           33       2.2
                      0             0              15           66       4.4
                      0             5               0           65       4.4
                      0             5              15           89       6.0
                      0             5              15           49       3.3
                      0             0               7           85       5.7
                      0             5              15           70       4.7
                      0             0              15           75       5.0
                      0             5              15           71       4.8
                      0             5              15           82       5.5
                      0             5              15           98       6.6
                      0             5               7           78       5.2

                                                                74
Investment

                                           I. Political Risk Insurance                                       II. Double Taxation

                                                                                                       Method to
                                         Agency                                                          avoid
                                        does not                               Extend                   double
                                         monitor Investors                    coverage                 taxation?
                                           envir/      in all    Inappropri      to       Eligibility     tax
               Multilatera Official        labor/    sectors      ate nat'l inefficient limited to sparing
                    l      national       human       NOT           econ     import sub nationally- (20); tax
               Insurance agency?        rights? (- eligible? (- interest projects? (- owned credits(18
                  (10)       (15)            4)          2)      tests? (-2)     2)     firms? (-2)        )
Australia               10        15               0           0           0         -2              0         20
Austria                 10        15               0          -2          -2         -2              0         18
Belgium                 10        15              -2           0           0         -2              0         18
Canada                  10        15               0           0           0         -2              0         20
Denmark                 10        15              -2           0           0         -2              0         18
Finland                 10        15              -2           0           0         -2              0         18
France                  10        15              -2           0           0         -2              0         20
Germany                 10        15               0           0           0         -2              0         20
Greece                  10        15               0          -2          -2         -2             -2         18
Ireland                 10          0              0           0           0          0              0          0
Italy                   10        15               0           0           0         -2              0         20
Japan                   10        15               0          -2          -2         -2              0         18
Netherlands             10        15               0           0           0         -2              0         18
New Zealand              5          0              0           0           0          0              0          5
Norway                  10        15              -2           0           0         -2              0         16
Portugal                10        15              -2          -2           0         -2              0         18
Spain                   10        15              -2           0           0         -2              0         18
Sweden                  10        15              -2          -2          -2          0             -2         18
Switzerland             10        15              -2          -1          -1         -2             -2         16
UK                      10        15               0           0           0         -2             -2         18
USA                     10        15               0          -2          -2         -2             -2         18

2003 CDI Average
II. Double Taxation       III. Prevention of Bribery/Corrupt Practices                                    IV. Other Measures
                                                                                  Bonus for                    Using
                                                                                 leadership Penalty          Foreign
    Doesn't let Allows                                                            , action to      for      Service or
     investors    foreign                                                           punish negligenc Commercia
        enjoy    taxes as    OECD                                  Bribe             bribe          e,     l Service to
    developin       an      conventio               Participati   Payers            payers,    deferred         help
     g country expense         n --                on in EITI/     Index            and/or        gift        identify
         tax       not a    participati OECD        G8/ other     Score            WB fund      corrupt investment
    incentives credit? (- on level? weakness       initiatives?   Quintile       contributio payments opportunitie
       ? (-6)       10)       (10)       (-2)           (16)         (4)             n (6)        (-6)         s? (5)
              -6          0           6       -2             10              4               0                         5
              -6        -10           6       -2              0              4               0                         5
              -6        -10           6       -2             12              3               0                         0
               0          0         10        -2             12              4               0                         5
              -6          0           6       -2              8              2               0                         5
               0          0         10        -2             14              2               0                         5
               0          0         10        -2             16              2               3                         2
               0          0         10        -2             10              3               2         -4              5
              -6          0           6       -2              0              2               0                         5
               0          0           6       -2              0              2               0                         2
               0          0         10        -2             10              1               0                         5
               0          0         10        -2             10              2               0         -4              5
              -2          0           6       -2              8              3               2                         5
               0          0           6       -2              8              2               0                         5
              -6        -10         10        -2             16              2               3                         5
               0          0           6       -2              0              2               0                         5
              -6          0           6       -2              0              2               0                         5
              -6          0           6       -2              0              4               3                         5
              -6          0         10        -2              0              4               0                         5
               0          0         10        -2             16              3               3         -4              5
               0          0         10        -2             16              2           3; -3         -4              5
                           V. Facilitate Portfolio
IV. Other Measures               Investment
                                            No
            Advocacy                    restriction
           to prevent                      s on
           implement        Official     pension
             ation of       support        fund
           labor/envir         for     investmen
            on./huma       outflows         t in
             n rights     of portfolio emerging
            standards     investmen mkts?
               ?(-5)         t? (5)        (15)       Total        Score
                      0              0           15           75       5.0
                      0              0            0           34       2.3
                      0              5           15           62       4.2
                      0              0           15           87       5.9
                      0              0           15           67       4.5
                      0              0            0           68       4.6
                      0              0            0           72       4.8
                      0              0           15           82       5.5
                      0              5            0           45       3.0
                      0              0           15           33       2.2
                      0              0           15           82       5.5
                      0              0            0           58       3.9
                      0              5           15           81       5.4
                      0              0           15           44       3.0
                      0              0            7           62       4.2
                      0              5           15           68       4.6
                      0              0           15           59       4.0
                      0              5           15           65       4.4
                      0              0           15           59       4.0
                      0              5           15           90       6.1
                      0              5            7           74       5.0

                                                              74
Investment

                                           I. Political Risk Insurance                                       II. Double Taxation

                                                                                                       Method to
                                         Agency                                                          avoid
                                        does not                               Extend                   double
                                         monitor Investors                    coverage                 taxation?
                                           envir/      in all    Inappropri      to       Eligibility     tax
               Multilatera Official        labor/    sectors      ate nat'l inefficient limited to sparing
                    l      national       human       NOT           econ     import sub nationally- (20); tax
               Insurance agency?        rights? (- eligible? (- interest projects? (- owned credits(18
                  (10)       (15)            4)          2)      tests? (-2)     2)     firms? (-2)        )
Australia               10        15               0           0           0         -2              0         18
Austria                 10        15               0          -2          -2         -2              0         18
Belgium                 10        15              -4           0           0         -2              0         18
Canada                  10        15               0           0           0         -2              0         18
Denmark                 10        15               0           0           0         -2              0         18
Finland                 10        15              -2           0           0          0              0         18
France                  10        15              -2           0           0         -2              0         20
Germany                 10        15               0           0           0         -2              0         18
Greece                  10        15               0          -2          -2         -2             -2         18
Ireland                 10          0              0           0           0          0              0          0
Italy                   10        15               0          -2          -2         -2             -2         18
Japan                   10        15               0          -2          -2         -2              0         18
Netherlands             10        15              -2           0           0         -2              0         18
New Zealand              5          0              0           0           0          0              0          5
Norway                  10        15              -2           0           0         -2              0         16
Portugal                10        15              -2          -2           0         -2              0         18
Spain                   10        15               0           0           0         -2             -2         18
Sweden                  10        15               0          -2          -2         -2             -2         18
Switzerland             10        15              -4          -2          -2         -2             -2         16
UK                      10        15               0           0           0         -2             -2         18
USA                     10        15               0          -2          -2         -2             -2         18

2003 CDI Average
II. Double Taxation       III. Prevention of Bribery/Corrupt Practices                                   IV. Other Measures
                                                                                  Bonus for                   Using
                                                                                 leadership Penalty         Foreign
    Doesn't let Allows                                                            , action to     for      Service or
     investors    foreign                                                           punish negligenc Commercia
        enjoy    taxes as    OECD                                  Bribe             bribe         e,     l Service to
    developin       an      conventio               Participati   Payers            payers,   deferred         help
     g country expense         n --                on in EITI/     Index            and/or       gift        identify
         tax       not a    participati OECD        G8/ other     Score            WB fund     corrupt investment
    incentives credit? (- on level? weakness       initiatives?   Quintile       contributio payments opportunitie
       ? (-6)       10)       (10)       (-2)           (16)         (4)             n (6)       (-6)         s? (5)
               0          0           6       -2             10              4              0                         5
              -6          0           6       -2              0              4              0                         5
              -6        -10           6       -2             12              3              0                         0
               0          0         10        -2             12              4              0                         5
              -6          0           6       -2              0              2              0                         5
               0          0         10        -2              0              2              0                         5
              -6          0         10        -2             16              2              3                         2
               0          0         10        -2             10              3              0         -4              5
              -6          0           6       -2              0              2              0                         5
               0          0           6       -2              0              2              0                         2
               0          0         10        -2             10              1              0                         5
               0          0         10        -2             10              2              0         -4              5
               0         -2           6       -2              8              3              0                         5
               0          0           6       -2              0              2              0                         5
              -6        -10         10        -2             16              2              3                         5
               0          0           6       -2              0              2              0                         5
              -6          0           6       -2              0              2              0                         5
              -6          0           6       -2              0              4              0                         5
              -6          0         10        -2              0              4              0                         5
               0          0         10        -2             16              3              3         -4              5
               0          0         10        -2             16              2              3         -4              5
                           V. Facilitate Portfolio
IV. Other Measures               Investment
                                            No
            Advocacy                    restriction
           to prevent                      s on
           implement        Official     pension
             ation of       support        fund
           labor/envir         for     investmen
            on./huma       outflows         t in
             n rights     of portfolio emerging
            standards     investmen mkts?
               ?(-5)         t? (5)        (15)       Total        Score
                      0              0           15           79       5.3
                      0              0            0           44       3.0
                      0              0            0           40       2.7
                      0              0           15           85       5.7
                      0              5            0           51       3.4
                      0              0            0           56       3.8
                      0              0            0           66       4.4
                      0              0           15           78       5.2
                      0              5            0           45       3.0
                      0              0           15           33       2.2
                      0              0           15           74       5.0
                     -5              0            0           53       3.6
                      0              5           15           77       5.2
                      0              0           15           36       2.4
                      0              0            7           62       4.2
                      0              5           15           68       4.6
                      0              0            0           44       3.0
                      0              0            0           42       2.8
                      0              0           15           55       3.7
                      0              0           15           85       5.7
                      0              5            7           77       5.2

                                                              74
Investment
                                               I. Political Risk Insurance


                                        Agency
                                       does not                               Extend
                                        monitor Investors                    coverage
                                          envir/      in all    Inappropri      to       Eligibility
              Multilatera Official        labor/    sectors      ate nat'l inefficient limited to
                   l      national       human       NOT           econ     import sub nationally-
              Insurance agency?        rights? (- eligible? (- interest projects? (- owned
                 (10)       (15)            4)          2)      tests? (-2)     2)     firms? (-2)      Total
Australia              10        15               0           0           0         -2              0           23
Austria                10        15               0          -2          -2         -2              0           19
Belgium                10        15              -4           0           0         -2              0           19
Canada                 10        15               0           0           0         -2              0           23
Denmark                10        15               0           0           0         -2              0           23
Finland                10        15              -2           0           0          0              0           23
France                 10        15              -2           0           0         -2              0           21
Germany                10        15               0           0           0         -2              0           23
Greece                 10        15               0          -2          -2         -2             -2           17
Ireland                10          0              0           0           0          0              0           10
Italy                  10        15               0          -2          -2         -2             -2           17
Japan                  10        15               0          -2          -2         -2              0           19
Netherlands            10        15              -2           0           0         -2              0           21
New Zealand             5          0              0           0           0          0              0            5
Norway                 10        15              -2           0           0         -2              0           21
Portugal               10        15              -2          -2           0         -2              0           19
Spain                  10        15               0           0           0         -2             -2           21
Sweden                 10        15               0          -2          -2         -2             -2           17
Switzerland            10        15              -4          -2          -2         -2             -2           13
UK                     10        15               0           0           0         -2             -2           21
USA                    10        15               0          -2          -2         -2             -2           17

Average
              II. Double Taxation                                      III. Prevention of Bribery/Corrupt Practices
                                                                                                     Bonus for
Method to                                                                                           leadership
   avoid      Doesn't let Allows                                                                     , action to
  double       investors    foreign                                                                    punish
taxation?         enjoy    taxes as                   OECD                                  Bribe       bribe
    tax       developin       an                     conventio                 Participati Payers      payers,
  sparing      g country expense                        n --                   on in EITI/ Index       and/or
 (20); tax         tax       not a                   participati    OECD       G8/ other   Score      WB fund
credits(18    incentives credit? (-                  on level?     weakness initiatives? Quintile contributio
     )           ? (-6)       10)       Total          (10)          (-2)         (16)       (4)        n (6)
         18              0          0           18             6            -2         10         4            0
         18             -6          0           12             6            -2          0         4            0
         18             -6        -10            2             6            -2         12         3            0
         18              0          0           18           10             -2         12         4            0
         18             -6          0           12             6            -2          0         2            0
         18              0          0           18           10             -2          0         2            0
         20             -6          0           14           10             -2         16         2            3
         18              0          0           18           10             -2         10         3            0
         18             -6          0           12             6            -2          0         2            0
          0              0          0            0             6            -2          0         2            0
         18              0          0           18           10             -2         10         1            0
         18              0          0           18           10             -2         10         2            0
         18              0         -2           16             6            -2          8         3            0
          5              0          0            5             6            -2          0         2            0
         16             -6        -10            0           10             -2         16         2            3
         18              0          0           18             6            -2          0         2            0
         18             -6          0           12             6            -2          0         2            0
         18             -6          0           12             6            -2          0         4            0
         16             -6          0           10           10             -2          0         4            0
         18              0          0           18           10             -2         16         3            3
         18              0          0           18           10             -2         16         2            3
Corrupt Practices                             IV. Other Measures              V. Facilitate Portfolio Investment
                                          Using
             Penalty                    Foreign      Advocacy
                 for                   Service or to prevent
            negligenc                 Commercia implement                                        No
                  e,                  l Service to ation of                    Official      restrictions
             deferred                      help     labor/envir              support for     on pension
                gift                     identify    on./huma                outflows of        fund
              corrupt                 investment n rights                     portfolio      investment
            payments                  opportunitie standards                investment?     in emerging
                (-6)     Total            s? (5)       ?(-5)    Total            (5)         mkts? (15)      Total        Total
                                 18               5           0         5               0               15           15           79
                                  8               5           0         5               0                0            0           44
                                 19               0           0         0               0                0            0           40
                                 24               5           0         5               0               15           15           85
                                  6               5           0         5               5                0            5           51
                                 10               5           0         5               0                0            0           56
                                 29               2           0         2               0                0            0           66
                    -4           17               5           0         5               0               15           15           78
                                  6               5           0         5               5                0            5           45
                                  6               2           0         2               0               15           15           33
                                 19               5           0         5               0               15           15           74
                    -4           16               5          -5         0               0                0            0           53
                                 15               5           0         5               5               15           20           77
                                  6               5           0         5               0               15           15           36
                                 29               5           0         5               0                7            7           62
                                  6               5           0         5               5               15           20           68
                                  6               5           0         5               0                0            0           44
                                  8               5           0         5               0                0            0           42
                                 12               5           0         5               0               15           15           55
                    -4           26               5           0         5               0               15           15           85
                    -4           25               5           0         5               5                7           12           77

                                                                                                                                  74
Score
    5.3
    3.0
    2.7
    5.7
    3.4
    3.8
    4.4
    5.2
    3.0
    2.2
    5.0
    3.6
    5.2
    2.4
    4.2
    4.6
    3.0
    2.8
    3.7
    5.7
    5.2
Migration data


Non-DAC immigrants, gross inflow, most recent year (thousands)

                                                                                     (all non-CDI countries)
                                                      Gross      Gross     Gross         Gross        Gross
                                Gross       Gross     migrant    migrant   migrant     migrant      migrant
                              migrant      migrant    inflow,    inflow,   inflow,      inflow,      inflow,
                 CDI year   inflow, ECA inflow, MNA    SSA        SAS       EAP           LAC          LMY
Australia          2003                                                                              81.441
Austria            2003                                                                              76.368
Belgium            2003                                                                              34.828
Canada             2003                                                                             238.115
Denmark            2003                                                                              16.542
Finland            2003                                                                                9.92
France             2003                                                                             130.847
Germany            2003                                                                             488.076
Greece             2003                                                                               8.749
Ireland            2003                                                                                57.2
Italy              2003                                                                             181.552
Japan              2003                                                                             315.834
Netherlands        2003                                                                              49.423
New Zealand        2003                                                                              30.768
Norway             2003                                                                              20.985
Portugal           2003                                                                               8.723
Spain              2003                                                                             585.402
Sweden             2003                                                                              37.235
Switzerland        2003                                                                              29.438
United Kingdom     2003                                                                              170.13
United States      2003                                                                            1037.011
Australia          2004                                                                              58.746
Austria            2004                                                                              56.198
Belgium            2004                                                                              31.535
Canada             2004                                                                             230.682
Denmark            2004                                                                              18.697
Finland            2004                                                                               8.634
France             2004                                                                              48.088
Germany            2004                                                                             614.586
Greece             2004                                                                               8.749
Ireland            2004                                                                              12.217
Italy              2004                                                                             179.023
Japan              2004                                                                             279.175
Netherlands        2004                                                                               81.26
New Zealand        2004                                                                              35.495
Norway             2004                                                                              14.647
Portugal           2004                                                                               9.482
Spain              2004                                                                             339.115
Sweden             2004                                                                              34.191
Switzerland        2004                                                                              48.825
United Kingdom     2004                                                                               93.81
United States      2004                                                                             988.696
Australia        2005                                                                 72.604
Austria          2005                                                                 77.832
Belgium          2005                                                                   36.5
Canada           2005                                                                198.059
Denmark          2005                                                                 16.088
Finland          2005                                                                  6.971
France           2005                                                                  119.9
Germany          2005                                                                531.224
Greece           2005                                                                  8.749
Ireland          2005                                                                   14.9
Italy            2005                                                                179.023
Japan            2005                                                                320.001
Netherlands      2005                                                                 60.187
New Zealand      2005                                                                 27.699
Norway           2005                                                                 17.526
Portugal         2005                                                                 11.722
Spain            2005                                                                  376.9
Sweden           2005                                                                 33.737
Switzerland      2005                                                                 36.734
United Kingdom   2005                                                                 101.91
United States    2005                                                                659.196
Australia        2006                                                                 81.144
Austria          2006                                                                 85.998
Belgium          2006                                                                 34.828
Canada           2006                                                                213.063
Denmark          2006                                                                 15.525
Finland          2006                                                                  9.142
France           2006                                                                130.137
Germany          2006                                                                530.251
Greece           2006                                                                  8.749
Ireland          2006                                                                   35.4
Italy            2006                                                                292.648
Japan            2006                                                                319.861
Netherlands      2006                                                                 51.142
New Zealand      2006                                                                 28.948
Norway           2006                                                                 18.266
Portugal         2006                                                                 12.774
Spain            2006                                                                361.276
Sweden           2006                                                                 34.114
Switzerland      2006                                                                 33.896
United Kingdom   2006                                                                 130.25
United States    2006                                                                880.656
Australia        2007   2.5979522 6.6092271    11.1465 20.89796 39.59247 0.596889     81.441
Austria          2007       61.605     2.142     3.545     1.923    5.886    1.657    76.758
Belgium          2007       10.717    10.514     4.596     1.754    3.732    2.195    33.508
Canada           2007                                                                238.115
Denmark          2007       9.213      0.857      0.88    1.354     3.47     0.685    16.459
Finland          2007       5.012      0.879     1.511    0.566    1.584     0.273     9.825
France           2007                                                                130.847
Germany          2007   350.12652 60.357727 14.38193 13.48389 31.42938 16.43956      486.219
Greece           2007                                                                  8.749
Ireland          2007                                                                   57.2
Italy            2007     103.262      20.073    9.986    11.675    14.64    21.636    181.272
Japan            2007                                                                  315.834
Netherlands      2007       16.569      5.75    6.159    3.608    7.794    8.813        48.693
New Zealand      2007        1.199     0.698    5.324    3.942   18.972    0.518        30.653
Norway           2007    8.572482 2.1333533 3.472996 2.049047 3.829755 0.927366         20.985
Portugal         2007                                                                    8.723
Spain            2007    188.1765 90.505134 32.67548 13.36813 24.58019 235.9056        585.211
Sweden           2007       13.58      7.534    4.698    3.041    5.661   2.647         37.161
Switzerland      2007                                                                   29.438
United Kingdom   2007        16.67     17.24    52.56   48.51    26.19       8.7        169.87
United States    2007   131.92008 56.172953 70.76073 121.7218 227.5967 428.6207       1036.793
Australia        2008        2.561      3.55    7.752  20.757   35.756    0.547         70.923
Austria          2008        45.95     3.119    2.555   1.673    4.043    1.294         58.634
Belgium          2008      17.823       9.62    4.739   2.456    3.211    2.969         40.818
Canada           2008                                                                  219.038
Denmark          2008      11.445      0.872    1.194      1.216      3.17    0.729     18.626
Finland          2008        6.215     0.534    1.158      0.997     1.548    0.313     10.765
France           2008      21.456     56.311  33.125       4.201     6.461    8.682    130.236
Germany          2008   336.37086 25.650747 13.84719     15.5199 33.53226 17.36405     442.285
Greece           2008                                                                    8.749
Ireland          2008                                                                     70.4
Italy            2008      90.918       21.66   10.541      12.3   10.368    18.916    164.703
Japan            2008                                                                   245.73
Netherlands      2008       18.204       5.694    5.884    4.235    7.567    8.886       50.47
New Zealand      2008        1.079       0.468    4.853     4.92   16.786    0.605      28.711
Norway           2008       12.909       1.774    3.128    1.844    3.946    0.926      24.527
Portugal         2008   35.074393    0.330676 8.225566 1.654414 2.634041 12.10791       60.027
South Korea      2008        0.091       0.002    0.001    0.002     0.78    0.001       0.877
Spain            2008     180.147       66.164   24.994    8.986   20.448 263.554      564.293
Sweden           2008       21.879      18.898       7.3   4.362    6.443    3.348       62.23
Switzerland      2008       19.125        2.61    5.078    3.557    4.368     5.73      40.468
United Kingdom   2008        13.73       14.89   30.965   43.675    16.36     7.51      127.13
United States    2008     122.796       61.515   99.847 102.851 240.931 533.452       1161.392
Migration                 2008
                                                       Refugee
                          Immigrant      Foreign       burden
                            flow        students       sharing        Composite
Australia                       14.6           5.1             3.7           11.0
Austria                           3.5          3.5           10.1             4.8
Belgium                           1.4          3.0             4.4            2.2
Canada                          16.6           4.7             6.0           12.7
Denmark                           3.7          6.0             7.0            4.7
Finland                           1.8          6.4             2.9            2.7
France                            1.8          5.8             4.4            2.9
Germany                           1.4          6.6             9.3            3.8
Greece                            0.1          6.7             4.0            1.8
Ireland                           7.7          2.7             3.5            6.1
Italy                             1.2          5.4             0.9            1.8
Japan                             4.6          5.7             0.0            3.9
Netherlands                       0.8          3.2             8.1            2.6
New Zealand                     29.2           5.2             1.8           20.1
Norway                            4.8          5.6           10.0             5.9
Portugal                          0.9          5.9             0.1            1.5
South Korea                      -0.1          6.2             0.0            0.9
Spain                             2.0          5.6             0.3            2.2
Sweden                            3.5          5.5           13.3             5.7
Switzerland                       3.3          2.8           11.2             4.8
United Kingdom                    1.6          3.9             5.9            2.8
United States                     5.9          4.7             2.9            5.1
                                                                               5.0
Weight                           65%           15%           20%


Immigrant flow--details

                          Non-DAC immigrants with no tertiary education, stock change, 1990-2000
                            Total
                          population,
                            1990s                                   Stock change/
                           average      1990           2000           population        Score
Australia                     18,116         138              259             0.67%          19.3
Austria                        7,994            5              16             0.15%            4.2
Belgium                       10,134            5               9             0.04%            1.1
Canada                        29,581         238              375             0.46%          13.3
Denmark                        5,236            7              14             0.14%            4.1
Finland                        5,093            1               5             0.07%            1.9
France                        59,728           74             137             0.10%            3.0
Germany                       81,305           52              69             0.02%            0.6
Greece                        10,416            5               5             0.00%            0.1
Ireland                        3,631            0               3             0.08%            2.3
Italy                         57,230           37              63             0.05%            1.4
Japan                        125,264           85             216             0.10%            3.0
Netherlands                   15,441         290              284            -0.04%           -1.1
New Zealand                    3,579           54              98             1.23%          35.5
Norway                         4,361            8              15             0.16%            4.7
Portugal                          10,085             0               2             0.01%    0.4
South Korea                       45,196            60              56            -0.01%   -0.3
Spain                             39,724            14              29             0.04%    1.1
Sweden                             8,817            10              19             0.10%    3.0
Switzerland                        7,106            16              24             0.12%    3.3
United Kingdom                    58,452           126             161             0.06%    1.7
United States                    266,463           941           1,613             0.25%    7.3

2003 CDI Average                                                                  0.17%

Weight                                                                                     50%

Source: Frédéric Docquier, Abdeslam Marfouk, and B. Lindsay Lowell, "A gendered
assessment of the brain drain," draft, October 2007.




Foreign students--details


                                                           Non-DAC
                                 Total    Students from   students as
                                foreign     non-DAC        percent of     Standardized
Country (data year)            students     countries         total          score
Australia (2005)                  211,255      179,688              85%              6.2
Austria (2005)                     34,484       17,904              52%              3.8
Belgium (2005)                     38,242       15,985              42%              3.0
Canada (2004)                     112,816       88,575              79%              5.7
Denmark (2005)                     17,430       11,344              65%              4.7
Finland (2005)                      8,442         6,186             73%              5.3
France (2003)                     221,567      180,302              81%              5.9
Germany (2005)                    259,797      202,962              78%              5.7
Greece (2005)                      15,690       15,441              98%              7.2
Ireland (2003)                     10,201          3,761           37%                2.7
Italy (2005)                       44,921         32,785           73%                5.3
Japan (2005)                      125,917         99,411           79%                5.7
Netherlands (2005)                 31,584         14,655           46%                3.4
New Zealand (2005)                 69,390         60,741           88%                6.4
Norway (2005)                      10,245          5,960           58%                4.2
Portugal (2005)                    17,010         14,088           83%                6.0
South Korea (2005)                 15,497         13,725           89%                6.4
Spain (2005)                       45,603         34,612           76%                5.5
Sweden (2005)                      39,298         21,373           54%                4.0
Switzerland (2005)                 36,827         13,795           37%                2.7
United Kingdom (2005)             394,624        241,532           61%                4.4
United States (2004)              572,509        448,112           78%                5.7

2003 CDI Average                                                   69%

Weight                                                                              67%

Source: OECD Education at a Glance 2007, and OECD Online Education Database (We
choose Non-Citizen Students of reporting country).
http://stats.oecd.org/wbos/default.aspx?DatasetCode=RFOREIGN




Refugee burden sharing--details


                               Population     Of which:                2006 GDP, PPP Total pop. of
                               of concern     Refugee      Asylum      (Constant 2000      concern +
                              to UNHCR,      population, applications,   International    applications/
                               end-2006       end-2006      2006       Dollars), billions    GDP
Australia                           70,368        68,948         6,419            629.54         122.0
Austria                             68,383        25,486       16,397             253.26         334.7
Belgium                             32,970        16,820       13,250             314.62         146.9
Canada                            175,420        151,827       19,827             985.74         198.1
Denmark                             37,901        36,659         1,628            170.58         231.7
Finland                             13,028        11,827         2,424            159.86           96.7
France                             186,471       145,996       71,167          1,762.55          146.2
Germany                            668,226       605,406       30,759          2,261.17          309.1
Greece                              18,901         2,289       13,166             240.87         133.1
Ireland                             11,341         7,917         6,202            152.54         115.0
Italy                               27,761        26,875       17,919          1,551.88            29.4
Japan                               4,887          1,844           646         3,570.79             1.5
Netherlands                        118,153       100,574       19,275             512.52         268.1
New Zealand                         5,135          4,906           661              95.33          60.8
Norway                              48,292        43,336         9,845            174.91         332.4
Portugal                               333            333          101            200.84            2.2
South Korea                           710              96          183            996.04            0.9
Spain                                5,295         5,275         4,181         1,074.76             8.8
Sweden                             102,889        79,913       17,987             274.92         439.7
Switzerland                         61,061        48,523       29,761             243.90         372.4
United Kingdom                    314,061        301,556         43,369          1,825.14          195.8
United States                     967,721        843,498        134,071         11,410.96           96.6

2003 CDI Average                                                                                   165.6


Source:The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) statistical year book, 2006: http://www.unhcr.org/statistics.html
(Statistical Annex; Table 1. Refugee, Asylum Seekers, Internally Displaced Persons, Returnees, Stateless
persons, and Others of concern to UNHCR by country/territory of asylum, end 2006; Table 6.Asylum
applications and refugee status determination by country of asylum, 2006); GDP data from World
Development Indicators (2008).
                Non-DAC immigrants, gross inflow, most recent year

                               Non-DAC inflow       Non-DAC      Non-DAC
                                 from EAP,         inflow from     inflow/                   Immigrant
Data year   Total population     preliminary           EAP       population   Score          flow score
    2006-07         20,264.1               35.8             35.8     0.18%             9.8         14.6
       2006          8,192.9                 4.0             4.0     0.05%             2.8          3.5
       2006         10,379.1                 3.2             3.2     0.03%             1.7          1.4
       2006         32,656.7                -              116.5     0.36%            19.9         16.6
       2006          5,450.7                 3.2             3.2     0.06%             3.2          3.7
       2006          5,231.4                 1.5             1.5     0.03%             1.7          1.8
       2006         63,292.5                 6.5             6.5     0.01%             0.6          1.8
       2006         82,422.3               33.5             33.5     0.04%             2.3          1.4
       1998         10,520.1                -                0.1     0.00%             0.1          0.1
       2007          4,062.2                -                9.5     0.23%            13.0          7.7
       2006         58,133.5               10.4             10.4     0.02%             1.0          1.2
       2006        127,515.2                -              141.8     0.11%             6.2          4.6
       2006         16,491.5                 7.6             7.6     0.05%             2.6          0.8
    2006-07          4,090.0               16.8             16.8     0.41%            22.9         29.2
       2006          4,610.8                 3.9             3.9     0.09%             4.8          4.8
           2006           10,605.9                2.6            2.6      0.02%               1.4        0.9
           2006           48,846.8                0.8            0.8      0.00%               0.1       -0.1
           2006           40,397.8               20.4           20.4      0.05%               2.8        2.0
           2006            9,016.6                6.4            6.4      0.07%               4.0        3.5
           2007            7,554.7                4.4            4.4      0.06%               3.2        3.3
           2006           60,609.2               16.4           16.4      0.03%               1.5        1.6
           2006          298,444.2              240.9          240.9      0.08%               4.5        5.9
                                                                                              5.0
                                                                          0.09%

                                                                                             50%


Sources
                 Australian Government Department of Immigration and Citizenship, Total Arrivals by Country of Birth for Finan
Australia (2006-07)
Austria (2006) Statistik Austria, Statistiches Jahrbuch Österreichs 2007; Statistical Yearbook of Austria 2007
Belgium (2006) Center of the Federal Public Service, Belgium
Canada (2006) Citizenship and Immigration Canada Facts and Figures 2006
Denmark (2006) Danmarks Statistik, Statistics Denmark
Finland (2006) Statistics Finland
France (2006) Rapport annuel de la Direction de la population et des migrations (DPM) 2006; Annual Report from the Depar
Germany (2006) Eurostat
Greece (1998) Table IMMICTZ "Immigration by Sex and Citizenship", EUROSTAT, NewCronos data base, various years.
Ireland (2007)   Central Statistics Office, Population and Migration Estimates
Italy            Ministry of Interior, Italy
Japan (2006)     Annual Report of Statistics on Legal Migrants, 2006 and 2007 editions, Ministry of Justice, Japan
                 Statistics Netherlands Statistical Yearbook , 2007
Netherlands (2006)
                 Statistics New Zealand
New Zealand (2006/07)
Norway (2006) Statistik sentralbyra (Statistics Norway)
Portugal (2006) Instituto Nacional de Estatistica (INE) (National Statistical Institute)
                 Ministry of Justice, Statistical Yearbook of Departures and Arrivals Control. Data were provided by Dong-Hoon
South Korea (2006)
Spain (2006)     Instituto Nacional de Estadistica (National Statistical Institute)
Sweden (2006) Statistiska Centralbyrån (Statistics Sweden)
                 Bundesamt für Migration BFM (Federal Office for Migration)
Switzerland (2007)
                 Home
United Kingdom (2006) Office, Government of the United Kingdom
                 US
United States (2006) Citizenship and Immigration Services, Office of Immigration Services Yearbook of Immigration Statistics,



   Tuition for
foreign students
   relative to                                          Standardized              Overall foreign
    nationals          Score                               score                  students score
     higher              1                                        2.8                          5.1
     higher¹             1                                        2.8                          3.5
     higher¹             1                                        2.8                          3.0
     higher              1                                        2.8                          4.7
      none               3                                        8.5                          6.0
      none               3                                        8.5                          6.4
      same               2                                        5.6                          5.8
      none               3                                        8.5                          6.6
      same               2                                        5.6                          6.7
    higher¹              1                                       2.8                       2.7
     same                2                                       5.6                       5.4
     same                2                                       5.6                       5.7
    higher               1                                       2.8                       3.2
    higher               1                                       2.8                       5.2
     none                3                                       8.5                       5.6
     same                2                                       5.6                       5.9
     same                2                                       5.6                       6.2
     same                2                                       5.6                       5.6
     none                3                                       8.5                       5.5
    higher¹              1                                       2.8                       2.8
    higher               1                                       2.8                       3.9
    higher²              1                                       2.8                       4.7

                               1.8

                                                                33%


¹For non-European Union or non-European Economic Area students. ²International students at U.S. public
universities pay non-resident tuition and fees. Students holding nonimmigrant visas may not establish
residency for purpose of fees.

Source: OECD, Internationalisation and Trade in Higher Education (Paris: 2004), p. 26.




 Standardized
    score
            3.7
           10.1
            4.4
            6.0
            7.0
            2.9
            4.4
            9.3
            4.0
            3.5
            0.9
            0.0
            8.1
            1.8
           10.0
            0.1
            0.0
            0.3
           13.3
           11.2
5.9
2.9
            Non-DAC immigrants with no tertiary education, stock
                change, 1990-2000, all developing countries
              Total
            population,                                 Stock
              1990s                                    change/
             average       1990           2000       population
Australia        18,116         523            672           0.8%
Austria           7,994         224            555           4.1%
Belgium          10,134          94            153           0.6%
Canada           29,581         806          1,062           0.9%
Denmark           5,236          62            128           1.3%
Finland           5,093          13              45          0.6%
France           59,728       1,499          1,718           0.4%
Germany          81,305       1,676          2,462           1.0%
Greece           10,416         330            343           0.1%
Ireland           3,631            2             23          0.6%
Italy            57,230         391            677           0.5%
Japan          125,264          123            350           0.2%
Netherlands      15,441         790            957           1.1%
New Zealand       3,579          67            127           1.7%
Norway            4,361          45              93          1.1%
                                     Portugal          10,085         29           99         0.7%
                                     South Korea       45,196         65           61         0.0%
                                     Spain             39,724        415          867         1.1%
                                     Sweden             8,817        188          299         1.3%
                                     Switzerland        7,106        261          358         1.4%
                                     United Kingdom    58,452      1,326        1,544         0.4%
                                     United States    266,463      6,289       11,963         2.1%




s by Country of Birth for Financial Yr 2006-07
 Austria 2007




nnual Report from the Department of Population and Migration

 data base, various years.


of Justice, Japan




 were provided by Dong-Hoon Seol; Associate Professor of Chonbuk National University, Korea; Visiting Scholar of CCIS, UCSD, USA




ok of Immigration Statistics, 2006
Scholar of CCIS, UCSD, USA
Migration                 2007
                                                      Refugee
                          Immigrant      Foreign      burden
                            flow        students      sharing         Composite
Australia                       15.3           5.0            3.8            11.5
Austria                          4.2           3.6          10.4              5.3
Belgium                          1.8           2.5            5.7             2.7
Canada                          17.7           4.7            6.0            13.4
Denmark                          3.8           6.2            8.8             5.2
Finland                          1.8           6.4            3.3             2.8
France                           3.3           5.8            4.6             3.9
Germany                          1.4           6.6          11.5              4.2
Greece                           0.1           6.7            3.0             1.6
Ireland                          6.5           2.7            3.6             5.4
Italy                            1.4           5.2            0.6             1.8
Japan                            5.8           6.6            0.0             4.8
Netherlands                      0.8           3.2            9.5             2.9
New Zealand                     33.2           5.2            2.4            22.9
Norway                           5.0           5.5            9.0             5.9
Portugal                         0.3           5.8            0.1             1.1
Spain                            2.3           5.5            0.3             2.4
Sweden                           3.6           5.3          13.7              5.8
Switzerland                      2.6           2.8          10.7              4.3
United Kingdom                   2.1           3.9            6.3             3.2
United States                    6.1           4.8            1.6             5.0

Weight                           65%           15%           20%


Immigrant flow--details

                          Non-DAC immigrants with no tertiary education, stock change, 1990-2000               Non-DAC
                            Total
                          population,
                            1990s                                   Stock change/
                           average      1990           2000           population        Score      Data year
Australia                     18,116         141              264             0.68%          19.6 2005-06
Austria                        7,994            5              17             0.15%            4.4      2005
Belgium                       10,134            5               9             0.04%            1.1      2003
Canada                        29,581         246              386             0.47%          13.7       2005
Denmark                        5,236            7              14             0.14%            4.1      2005
Finland                        5,093            2               5             0.07%            2.0      2005
France                        59,728           75             138             0.11%            3.1      2005
Germany                       81,305           57              76             0.02%            0.7      2005
Greece                        10,416            5               5             0.00%            0.1      1998
Ireland                        3,631            0               3             0.08%            2.3      2006
Italy                         57,230           37              64             0.05%            1.4      2005
Japan                        125,264         380              524             0.11%            3.3      2005
Netherlands                   15,441         290              285            -0.03%           -1.0      2005
New Zealand                    3,579           54             104             1.40%          40.4 2005-06
Norway                         4,361            9              17             0.18%            5.3      2005
Portugal                      10,085            0               2             0.01%            0.4      2005
Spain                          39,724            14              30            0.04%    1.1        2005
Sweden                          8,817            10              21            0.13%    3.6        2004
Switzerland                     7,106            17              25            0.12%    3.4        2006
United Kingdom                 58,452           129             165            0.06%    1.8        2005
United States                 266,463         1,122           1,853            0.27%    7.9        2005

2003 CDI Average                                                               0.17%

Weight                                                                                  50%

Source: Frédéric Docquier, Abdeslam Marfouk, and B. Lindsay Lowell, "A gendered               Sources:
assessment of the brain drain," draft, October 2007.                                          Australia: Australian Gov
                                                                                              Austria: Statistik Austria,
                                                                                              Belgium: Institut Nationa
                                                                                              Canada: Citizenship and
                                                                                              Denmark: Danmarks Sta
                                                                                              Finland: Tilastokeskus (S
                                                                                              France: Ministère de l'em
                                                                                              Germany: Statistisches B
                                                                                              Greece: Table IMMICTZ
                                                                                              Ireland: Central Statistics
                                                                                              Italy: Elaborazione Istat s
                                                                                              Japan: Ministry of Justic
                                                                                              Statistics Netherlands, S
                                                                                              New Zealand: Departme
                                                                                              Norway: Statistik sentral
                                                                                              Portugal: Instituto Nacio
                                                                                              Spain: Instituto Nacional
                                                                                              Sweden: Statistiska Cen
                                                                                              Switzerland: Swiss Fede
                                                                                              United Kingdom: Home O
                                                                                              United States: US Citize


Foreign students--details

                                                                                              Tuition for
                                                        Non-DAC                                 foreign
                              Total    Students from   students as                             students
                             foreign     non-DAC        percent of     Standardized           relative to
Country (data year)         students     countries         total          score                nationals
Australia (2003)               188,160      156,586              83%              6.1            higher
Austria (2004)                  33,707       18,165              54%              3.9           higher¹
Belgium (2004)                  37,091       12,102              33%              2.4           higher¹
Canada (2004)                  112,816       88,558              78%              5.7            higher
Denmark (2004)                  17,160       11,908              69%              5.0            none
Finland (2004)                   7,915         5,823             74%              5.3            none
France (2003)                  221,567      180,716              82%              5.9            same
Germany (2004)                 260,314      203,017              78%              5.7            none
Greece (2003)                   12,456       12,270              99%              7.2            same
Ireland (2003)                  10,201         3,753             37%              2.7           higher¹
Italy (2004)                    40,641       27,801              68%              5.0            same
Japan (2004)                117,903         114,428           97%                7.1                  same
Netherlands (2004)           21,259          10,087           47%                3.4                 higher
New Zealand (2004)           68,904          60,823           88%                6.4                 higher
Norway (2004)                 9,683           5,373           55%                4.0                  none
Portugal (2004)              16,155          13,169           82%                5.9                  same
Spain (2004)                 41,734          31,471           75%                5.5                  same
Sweden (2004)                36,458          18,742           51%                3.7                  none
Switzerland (2004)           35,705          13,527           38%                2.8                 higher¹
United Kingdom (2004)       364,271         219,382           60%                4.4                 higher
United States (2003)        586,316         461,846           79%                5.7                 higher²

2003 CDI Average                                              69%

Weight                                                                         67%

Source: OECD Education at a Glance 2006, and OECD Online                                            ¹For non-European Unio
Education Database.                                                                                 ²International students a
http://stats.oecd.org/wbos/default.aspx?DatasetCode=RFOREIGN                                        fees. Students holding n
                                                                                                    purpose of fees.

                                                                                                    Source: OECD, Internat

Refugee burden sharing--details


                          Population     Of which:                2005 GDP, PPP Total pop. of
                          of concern     Refugee      Asylum      (Constant 2000       concern +
                         to UNHCR,      population, applications,   International     applications/ Standardi
                          end-2005       end-2005      2005       Dollars), billions     GDP        zed score
Australia                      66,786        64,964         6,353              575.0         127.2        3.8
Austria                        62,440        21,230       22,461               247.0         343.7       10.4
Belgium                        34,432        15,282       22,850               302.0         189.7        5.7
Canada                       167,723        147,171       20,786               949.0         198.6        6.0
Denmark                        45,329        44,374         2,260              163.0         292.0        8.8
Finland                        12,535        11,809         3,574              147.0         109.6        3.3
France                        149,851       137,316       97,784            1,640.0          151.0        4.6
Germany                       781,116       700,016       42,908            2,160.0          381.5       11.5
Greece                         14,257         2,390         9,050              234.0           99.6       3.0
Ireland                         9,527         7,113         8,551              152.0         118.9        3.6
Italy                          21,561        20,675         9,346           1,490.0            20.7       0.6
Japan                          2,474          1,941           657           3,530.0             0.9       0.0
Netherlands                   139,353       118,189       12,347               481.0         315.4        9.5
New Zealand                    5,703          5,307           746                82.8          77.9       2.4
Norway                         43,975        43,034         5,402              166.0         297.5        9.0
Portugal                          363            363          114              190.0            2.5       0.1
Spain                           5,392         5,374         5,254           1,010.0            10.5       0.3
Sweden                         95,916        74,915       17,530               251.0         452.0       13.7
Switzerland                    62,486        48,030       18,844               229.0         355.2       10.7
United Kingdom                307,064       293,459       52,080            1,720.0          208.8        6.3
United States                 549,083       379,340       39,240          11,100.0             53.0       1.6

2003 CDI Average                                                                            165.6
Source:The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) statistical year book, 2005:
http://www.unhcr.org/statistics.html; GDP data from World Development Indicators (2007).
Non-DAC immigrants, gross inflow, most recent year
              Non-DAC
             inflow from Non-DAC         Non-DAC
  Total          EAP,       inflow        inflow/              Immigrant
population   preliminary from EAP       population     Score   flow score
     20,177          39.6        39.6          0.20%      10.9       15.3
       8,185           5.9        5.9          0.07%       4.0        4.2
       8,163           3.7        3.7          0.05%       2.6        1.8
     32,805            -       128.2           0.39%      21.8       17.7
       5,432           3.5        3.5          0.06%       3.6        3.8
       5,223           1.6        1.6          0.03%       1.7        1.8
     60,656            -         37.7          0.06%       3.5        3.3
     82,431          31.4        31.4          0.04%       2.1        1.4
     10,520            -          0.1          0.00%       0.1        0.1
       4,062           -          7.8          0.19%      10.7        6.5
     58,103          14.6        14.6          0.03%       1.4        1.4
    127,417            -       189.4           0.15%       8.3        5.8
     16,407            7.8        7.8          0.05%       2.6        0.8
       4,056         19.0        19.0          0.47%      26.1       33.2
       4,593           3.8        3.8          0.08%       4.7        5.0
     10,566            -          0.2          0.00%       0.1        0.3
                    40,341            24.6         24.6            0.06%          3.4         2.3
                     8,986             5.7          5.7            0.06%          3.5         3.6
                     7,524             -            2.5            0.03%          1.9         2.6
                    60,441            26.2         26.2            0.04%          2.4         2.1
                   295,734           227.6        227.6            0.08%          4.3         6.1

                                                                   0.09%

                                                                                 50%


Australia: Australian Government Department of Immigration and Citizenship.
Austria: Statistik Austria, Statistiches Jahrbuch Österreichs 2007 (Statistical Yearbook 2007)
Belgium: Institut National de Statistique (2003)
Canada: Citizenship and Immigration Canada Facts and Figures 2005
Denmark: Danmarks Statistik (Statistics Denmark) (2005)
Finland: Tilastokeskus (Statistics Finland) (2005)
France: Ministère de l'emploi, de la cohésion sociale et du logement. (Ministry of Employment and Social Cohesion) (2005)
Germany: Statistisches Bundesamt (Federal Statistical Office), Statistisches Jahrbuch 2006 (Statistical Yearbook 2006)
Greece: Table IMMICTZ "Immigration by Sex and Citizenship", EUROSTAT, NewCronos data base, various years.
Ireland: Central Statistics Office (CSO), Population and Migration Estimates April 2006
Italy: Elaborazione Istat su dati del Ministero dell'Interno Ministry of Interior, First-time Resident Permits Issued to Foreign Citizens in 2005
Japan: Ministry of Justice, Japan, Annual Report of Statistics on Legal Migrants,
Statistics Netherlands, Statistical Yearbook, 2006
New Zealand: Department of Labour, Migration Trends 2005/06
Norway: Statistik sentralbyra (Statistics Norway) (2005)
Portugal: Instituto Nacional de Estatistica (INE) Demographic Statistics, 2005
Spain: Instituto Nacional de Estadistica (INE) (2005)
Sweden: Statistiska Centralbyrån (Statistics Sweden) (2005)
Switzerland: Swiss Federal Office for Migration, 2006 (provided by the Embassy of Switzerland)
United Kingdom: Home Office, National Statistics, Control of Immigration: Statistics United Kingdom, 2005
United States: US Citizenship and Immigration Services, Yearbook of Immigration Statistics, 2005




                             Standardized                 Overall foreign
                 Score          score                     students score
                   1                   2.8                             5.0
                   1                   2.8                             3.6
                   1                   2.8                             2.5
                   1                   2.8                             4.7
                   3                   8.5                             6.2
                   3                   8.5                             6.4
                   2                   5.6                             5.8
                   3                   8.5                             6.6
                   2                   5.6                             6.7
                   1                   2.8                             2.7
                   2                   5.6                             5.2
                   2                    5.6                           6.6
                   1                    2.8                           3.2
                   1                    2.8                           5.2
                   3                    8.5                           5.5
                   2                    5.6                           5.8
                   2                    5.6                           5.5
                   3                    8.5                           5.3
                   1                    2.8                           2.8
                   1                    2.8                           3.9
                   1                    2.8                           4.8

                        1.8

                                       33%

¹For non-European Union or non-European Economic Area students.
²International students at U.S. public universities pay non-resident tuition and
fees. Students holding nonimmigrant visas may not establish residency for
purpose of fees.

Source: OECD, Internationalisation and Trade in Higher Education (Paris: 2004), p. 26.
               Non-DAC immigrants with no tertiary
             education, stock change, 1990-2000, all
              Total
           population                         Stock
            , 1990s                          change/
            average      1990      2000     population
Australia      18,116        526        677      0.8%
Austria         7,994        224        555      4.1%
Belgium        10,134         94        154      0.6%
Canada         29,581        813      1,074      0.9%
Denmark         5,236         62        128      1.3%
Finland         5,093         13         45      0.6%
France         59,728      1,500      1,720      0.4%
Germany        81,305      1,681      2,470      1.0%
Greece         10,416        330        343      0.1%
Ireland         3,631          2         23      0.6%
Italy          57,230        391        678      0.5%
Japan        125,264         419        659      0.2%
Netherlands 15,441           790        958      1.1%
New Zealand 3,579             67        133      1.8%
Norway          4,361         46         94      1.1%
Portugal       10,085         29         99      0.7%
             Spain          39,724         415           868   1.1%
             Sweden          8,817         188           302   1.3%
             Switzerland     7,106         261           359   1.4%
             United Kingdom 58,452       1,329         1,548   0.4%
             United States 266,463       6,470        12,203   2.2%




al Cohesion) (2005)
Yearbook 2006)


Issued to Foreign Citizens in 2005 (as of 1/1/2006)




05
Migration                 2006
                                                       Refugee
                          Immigrant      Foreign       burden
                            flow        students       sharing         Composite
Australia                       19.1           5.0             4.0             14.0
Austria                           3.3          3.5           10.1                4.7
Belgium                           1.2          3.3             5.8               2.4
Canada                          16.7           4.0             6.4             12.7
Denmark                           3.0          6.4           13.2                5.5
Finland                           1.5          6.3             3.2               2.6
France                            3.3          5.8             5.0               4.0
Germany                           0.8          6.5           14.4                4.4
Greece                            0.1          6.7             2.3               1.5
Ireland                           4.5          2.7             4.3               4.2
Italy                             2.0          5.0             0.5               2.2
Japan                             5.9          6.5             0.0               4.8
Netherlands                      -0.8          3.3           10.5                2.1
New Zealand                     35.6           5.2             2.4             24.4
Norway                            4.5          5.3             9.8               5.7
Portugal                          0.3          5.7             0.1               1.1
Spain                             1.4          4.2             0.3               1.6
Sweden                            2.8          4.6           15.4                5.6
Switzerland                       2.8          2.7           12.6                4.8
United Kingdom                    1.9          3.5             6.7               3.1
United States                     5.0          4.8             2.1               4.4

Weight                           65%           15%           20%


Immigrant flow--details

                           Non-DAC immigrants with no tertiary education, stock change, 1990-2000
                            Total
                          population,
                            1990s                                    Stock change/
                           average     1990            2000            population          Score
Australia                     18,116         141              264                0.68%          19.6
Austria                        7,994           5               17                0.15%           4.4
Belgium                       10,134           5                9                0.04%           1.1
Canada                        29,581         246              386                0.47%          13.7
Denmark                        5,236           7               14                0.14%           4.1
Finland                        5,093           2                5                0.07%           2.0
France                        59,728          75              138                0.11%           3.1
Germany                       81,305          57               76                0.02%           0.7
Greece                        10,416           5                5                0.00%           0.1
Ireland                        3,631           0                3                0.08%           2.3
Italy                         57,230          37               64                0.05%           1.4
Japan                        125,264         380              524                0.11%           3.3
Netherlands                   15,441         290              285               -0.03%          -1.0
New Zealand                    3,579          54              104                1.40%          40.4
Norway                         4,361           9               17                0.18%           5.3
Portugal                      10,085           0                2                0.01%           0.4
Spain                          39,724            14            30              0.04%    1.1
Sweden                          8,817            10            21              0.13%    3.6
Switzerland                     7,106            17            25              0.12%    3.4
United Kingdom                 58,452           129           165              0.06%    1.8
United States                 266,463         1,122         1,853              0.27%    7.9

2003 CDI Average                                                               0.17%

Weight                                                                                  50%

Foreign students--details


                                                      Non-DAC
                              Total    Students from students as
                             foreign     non-DAC      percent of
                            students     countries       total     Standardized score
Australia (2003)               188,160      156,586            83%                6.1
Austria (2003)                  31,101       16,257            52%                3.8
Belgium (2003)                  41,856       20,513            49%                3.6
Canada (2000)                   40,033       25,223            63%                4.6
Denmark (2003)                  18,120       13,307            73%                5.3
Finland (2003)                   7,361         5,291           72%                5.2
France (2003)                  221,567      180,716            82%                5.9
Germany (2003)                 240,619      183,738            76%                5.6
Greece (2003)                   12,456       12,270            99%                7.2
Ireland (2003)                  10,201         3,753           37%                2.7
Italy (2003)                    36,137       23,449            65%                4.7
Japan (2003)                    86,505       83,319            96%                7.0
Netherlands (2003)              20,531         9,821           48%                3.5
New Zealand (2003)              26,359       23,178            88%                6.4
Norway (2003)                    8,247         4,220           51%                3.7
Portugal (2003)                 15,483       12,190            79%                5.7
Spain (2003)                    53,639       25,294            47%                3.4
Sweden (2003)                   25,523         9,124           36%                2.6
Switzerland (2003)              32,847       12,029            37%                2.7
United Kingdom (2003)          255,233      135,638            53%                3.9
United States (2003)           586,316      461,846            79%                5.7

2003 CDI Average                                             69%

Weight                                                                          67%



Source: 2005 OECD Education at a Glance, and OECD Online Education Database.



Refugee burden sharing--details
                        Population     Of which:                  2004 GDP, PPP Total pop. of
                        of concern     Refugee      Asylum        (Constant 2000        concern +
                       to UNHCR,      population, applications,     International      applications/
                        end-2004       end-2004      2004         Dollars), billions      GDP
Australia                   68,498         63,476         6,194                  560.6        133.2
Austria                      56,581        17,795       24,634                   242.5        335.0
Belgium                      36,485        13,529       20,373                   297.8        190.9
Canada                     168,688        141,398       25,750                   918.7        211.6
Denmark                      66,150        65,310         3,235                  158.5        437.7
Finland                      11,325        11,325         3,861                  143.9        105.5
France                      152,160       139,852      117,321                1,626.0         165.7
Germany                     973,392       876,622       50,152                2,146.5         476.9
Greece                       12,864         2,489         4,469                  225.6          76.8
Ireland                      10,897         7,201         9,842                  145.2        142.9
Italy                        16,560        15,674         7,372               1,491.1           16.0
Japan                        2,463          1,967           660               3,434.8            0.9
Netherlands                 155,257       126,805         9,782                  475.7        346.9
New Zealand                  5,921          5,175         1,041                   87.4          79.7
Norway                       44,969        44,046         7,945                  162.3        326.1
Portugal                        377            377          113                  189.5           2.6
Spain                         5,649         5,635         5,535                  982.7          11.4
Sweden                      101,451        73,408       23,161                   244.1        510.4
Switzerland                  66,336        47,678       27,629                   224.4        418.8
United Kingdom              298,854       289,054       75,200                1,695.8         220.6
United States              684,564        420,854       44,972              10,708.1            68.1

2003 CDI Average                                                                              165.6

Source:The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) statistical year book, 2004: http://www.unhcr.org/statistics.html
GDP data from World Development Indicators (WDI 2006).
            Non-DAC immigrants, gross inflow, most recent year
                          Non-DAC
                         inflow from Non-DAC         Non-DAC
              Total          EAP,       inflow        inflow/                Immigrant
Data year   population   preliminary from EAP       population      Score    flow score
 2004-05         19,913            -         66.4           0.33%      18.6        19.1
     2004          8,175           -          3.2           0.04%        2.2         3.3
     2003        10,331            -          2.3           0.02%        1.3         1.2
     2004        32,508            -       114.8            0.35%      19.7        16.7
     2004          5,413           -          1.7           0.03%        1.8         3.0
     2004          5,215           -          1.0           0.02%        1.0         1.5
     2003        60,181            -         37.5           0.06%        3.5         3.3
     2004        82,425            -         12.8           0.02%        0.9         0.8
     1998        10,520            -          0.1           0.00%        0.1         0.1
     2005          3,970           -          4.8           0.12%        6.8         4.5
     2004        58,057            -         27.7           0.05%        2.7         2.0
     2004       127,333            -       191.8            0.15%        8.4         5.9
     2004        16,318            -         -1.6          -0.01%       -0.6        -0.8
 2004-05           3,994           -         22.0           0.55%      30.8        35.6
     2004          4,575           -          3.0           0.07%        3.7         4.5
     2004        10,524            -          0.3           0.00%        0.1         0.3
     2003           40,281              -         12.4            0.03%            1.7   1.4
     2004            8,986              -          3.3            0.04%            2.1   2.8
     2005            7,451              -          2.9            0.04%            2.2   2.8
     2004           60,271              -         21.6            0.04%            2.0   1.9
     2004          293,028              -        112.2            0.04%            2.1   5.0

                                                                  0.09%

                                                                                   50%



Tuition for
  foreign
 students
relative to                    Standardized              Overall foreign
 nationals       Score            score                  students score
   higher          1                     2.8                          5.0
  higher¹          1                     2.8                          3.5
  higher¹          1                     2.8                          3.3
   higher          1                     2.8                          4.0
   none            3                     8.5                          6.4
   none            3                     8.5                          6.3
   same            2                     5.6                          5.8
   none            3                     8.5                          6.5
   same            2                     5.6                          6.7
  higher¹          1                     2.8                          2.7
   same            2                     5.6                          5.0
   same            2                     5.6                          6.5
   higher          1                     2.8                          3.3
   higher          1                     2.8                          5.2
   none            3                     8.5                          5.3
   same            2                     5.6                          5.7
   same            2                     5.6                          4.2
   none            3                     8.5                          4.6
  higher¹          1                     2.8                          2.7
   higher          1                     2.8                          3.5
  higher²          1                     2.8                          4.8

                         1.8

                                       33%

¹For non-European Union or non-European Economic Area students.
²International students at U.S. public universities pay non-resident tuition and
fees. Students holding nonimmigrant visas may not establish residency for

Source: OECD, Internationalisation and Trade in Higher Education (Paris: 2004), p. 26.
              Standardi
              zed score
                    4.0
                   10.1
                    5.8
                    6.4
                   13.2
                    3.2
                    5.0
                   14.4
                    2.3
                    4.3
                    0.5
                    0.0
                   10.5
                    2.4
                    9.8
                    0.1
                    0.3
                   15.4
                   12.6
                    6.7
                    2.1



rg/statistics.html
               Non-DAC immigrants with no tertiary
             education, stock change, 1990-2000, all
              Total
           population                         Stock
            , 1990s                          change/
            average      1990      2000     population
Australia      18,116        526        677      0.8%
Austria         7,994        224        555      4.1%
Belgium        10,134         94        154      0.6%
Canada         29,581        813      1,074      0.9%
Denmark         5,236         62        128      1.3%
Finland         5,093         13         45      0.6%
France         59,728      1,500      1,720      0.4%
Germany        81,305      1,681      2,470      1.0%
Greece         10,416        330        343      0.1%
Ireland         3,631          2         23      0.6%
Italy          57,230        391        678      0.5%
Japan        125,264         419        659      0.2%
Netherlands 15,441           790        958      1.1%
New Zealand 3,579             67        133      1.8%
Norway          4,361         46         94      1.1%
Portugal       10,085         29         99      0.7%
Spain          39,724     415      868   1.1%
Sweden          8,817     188      302   1.3%
Switzerland     7,106     261      359   1.4%
United Kingdom 58,452   1,329    1,548   0.4%
United States 266,463   6,470   12,203   2.2%
Migration                 2005
                                                      Refugee
                          Immigrant      Foreign      burden
                            flow        students      sharing       Composite
Australia                       18.2           4.8            3.7         13.3
Austria                           3.2          3.3          10.3            4.6
Belgium                           1.2          3.2            5.9           2.5
Canada                          16.1           4.0            7.0         12.4
Denmark                           3.0          6.1          14.9            5.8
Finland                           1.4          6.2            3.0           2.4
France                            3.1          5.7            4.9           3.9
Germany                           0.8          6.4          16.9            4.8
Greece                            0.1          6.5            2.3           1.5
Ireland                           2.6          2.2            5.7           3.2
Italy                             1.5          4.7            0.4           1.8
Japan                             5.9          6.5            0.0           4.8
Netherlands                      -0.8          3.3          12.8            2.5
New Zealand                     35.1           4.9            3.0         24.1
Norway                            4.4          5.6          11.9            6.1
Portugal                          0.3          5.6            0.1           1.0
Spain                             1.5          3.9            0.4           1.6
Sweden                            2.8          5.1          22.6            7.1
Switzerland                       2.9          2.6          15.6            5.4
United Kingdom                    1.7          3.1            7.3           3.0
United States                     4.8          4.7            2.6           4.3

Weight                           65%          15%           20%


Immigrant flow--details

                          Non-DAC immigrants with no tertiary education, stock change, 1990-2000         Non-DAC immigran
                            Total
                          population,
                            1990s                                   Stock change/
                           average      1990            2000          population        Score     Data year
Australia                     18,116          141              264            0.68%          19.6 2003-04
Austria                        7,994             5              17            0.15%           4.4      2003
Belgium                       10,134             5               9            0.04%           1.1      2002
Canada                        29,581          246              386            0.47%          13.7      2003
Denmark                        5,236             7              14            0.14%           4.1      2003
Finland                        5,093             2               5            0.07%           2.0      2003
France                        59,728           75              138            0.11%           3.1      2001
Germany                       81,305           57               76            0.02%           0.7      2003
Greece                        10,416             5               5            0.00%           0.1      1998
Ireland                        3,631             0               3            0.08%           2.3      2004
Italy                         57,230           37               64            0.05%           1.4      2000
Japan                        125,264          380              524            0.11%           3.3      2003
Netherlands                   15,441          290              285           -0.03%          -1.0      2003
New Zealand                    3,579           54              104            1.40%          40.4 2003-04
Norway                         4,361             9              17            0.18%           5.3      2003
Portugal                      10,085             0               2            0.01%           0.4      2002
Spain                          39,724            14              30            0.04%    1.1        2002
Sweden                          8,817            10              21            0.13%    3.6        2003
Switzerland                     7,106            17              25            0.12%    3.4        2004
United Kingdom                 58,452           129             165            0.06%    1.8        2002
United States                 266,463         1,122           1,853            0.27%    7.9        2003

2003 CDI Average                                                               0.17%

Weight                                                                                  50%

Foreign students--details

                                                                                              Tuition for
                                                        Non-DAC                                 foreign
                              Total    Students from   students as                             students
                             foreign     non-DAC        percent of     Standardized           relative to
                            students     countries         total          score                nationals
Australia (2001)               110,789       87,095              79%              5.7            higher
Austria (2001)                  31,682       15,316              48%              3.5           higher¹
Belgium (2001)                  38,150       17,743              47%              3.4           higher¹
Canada (2000)                   40,033       25,223              63%              4.6            higher
Denmark (2001)                  12,547         8,417             67%              4.9            none
Finland (2001)                   6,288         4,354             69%              5.0            none
France (2001)                  147,402      115,288              78%              5.7            same
Germany (2001)                 199,132      145,070              73%              5.3            none
Greece (2001)                   20,787       19,639              94%              6.9            same
Ireland (2001)                   8,207         2,096             26%              1.9           higher¹
Italy (2001)                    29,228       17,271              59%              4.3            same
Japan (2001)                    63,637       60,687              95%              6.9            same
Netherlands (2001)              16,589         8,202             49%              3.6            higher
New Zealand (2001)              11,069         9,017             81%              5.9            higher
Norway (2001)                    8,834         5,078             57%              4.2            none
Portugal (2002)                  3,843         2,966             77%              5.6            same
Spain (2001)                    39,944       16,311              41%              3.0            same
Sweden (2001)                   26,304       12,314              47%              3.4            none
Switzerland (2001)              27,765         9,424             34%              2.5           higher¹
United Kingdom (2001)          225,722      100,900              45%              3.2            higher
United States (2001)           475,169      364,532              77%              5.6           higher²

2003 CDI Average                                               69%

Weight                                                                          67%

                                                                                              ¹For non-European Union o
                                                                                              students. ²International stu
                                                                                              resident tuition and fees. S
                                                                                              not establish residency for

                                                                                              Source: OECD, Internation
Refugee burden sharing--details
                         Population     Of which:                2003 GDP, PPP Total pop. of
                         of concern     Refugee      Asylum      (Constant 2000       concern +
                        to UNHCR,      population, applications,   International     applications/ Standardi
                         end-2003       end-2003      2003       Dollars), billions     GDP        zed score
Australia                    59,018         55,997         7,978             542.0          123.6        3.7
Austria                       48,394        16,109       32,359              237.4          340.1       10.3
Belgium                       35,199        12,595       21,177              288.0          195.7        5.9
Canada                      174,669        133,094       31,937              895.5          230.7        7.0
Denmark                       71,889        69,858         4,593             155.3          492.5       14.9
Finland                       10,843        10,843         3,221             140.0          100.5        3.0
France                       153,738       130,838      106,194            1,590.3          163.4        4.9
Germany                   1,114,134        960,395       67,848            2,117.4          558.2       16.9
Greece                         8,008         2,771         8,178             216.9            74.6       2.3
Ireland                       13,362         5,971       13,194              140.1          189.6        5.7
Italy                         12,440        12,386         7,281           1,476.3            13.4       0.4
Japan                         2,694          2,266           654           3,351.4             1.0       0.0
Netherlands                  185,558       140,886       13,402              469.4          423.8       12.8
New Zealand                   6,835          5,807         1,348                83.7          97.8       3.0
Norway                        46,109        46,109       15,959              157.6          393.7       11.9
Portugal                         418            418           88             186.5             2.7       0.1
Spain                          5,898         5,898         5,918             956.9            12.3       0.4
Sweden                       147,443       112,167       31,348              238.4          749.9       22.6
Switzerland                   74,677        50,144       38,965              219.8          517.1       15.6
United Kingdom               301,022       276,522       94,869            1,644.8          240.7        7.3
United States               787,410        452,548      107,514          10,286.8             87.0       2.6

2003 CDI Average                                                                             165.6

Source: U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees, http://www.unhcr.ch/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/statistics.
Note: Asylum applications for Italy are for 2002.
Non-DAC immigrants, gross inflow, most recent year
               Non-DAC
                 inflow
              from EAP, Non-DAC Non-DAC
     Total    preliminar   inflow    inflow/            Immigrant
   population       y    from EAP population Score      flow score
      19,732          -         59.4    0.30%      16.8       18.2    Australia
       8,163          -          2.9    0.04%       2.0         3.2   Austria
      10,312          -          2.5    0.02%       1.3         1.2   Belgium
      32,207          -       106.7     0.33%      18.5       16.1    Canada
       5,394          -          1.8    0.03%       1.9         3.0   Denmark
       5,204          -          0.7    0.01%       0.8         1.4   Finland
      59,658          -         34.6    0.06%       3.2         3.1   France
      82,398          -         12.9    0.02%       0.9         0.8   Germany
      10,520          -          0.1    0.00%       0.1         0.1   Greece
       3,924          -          2.0    0.05%       2.9         2.6   Ireland
      57,719          -         16.9    0.03%       1.6         1.5   Italy
     127,214          -       191.9     0.15%       8.4         5.9   Japan
      16,223          -         -1.9   -0.01%      -0.7        -0.8   Netherlands
       3,951          -         21.1    0.53%      29.8       35.1    New Zealand
       4,555          -          2.9    0.06%       3.5         4.4   Norway
      10,434          -          0.2    0.00%       0.1         0.3   Portugal
               40,153         -           12.9      0.03%          1.8    1.5            Spain
                8,970         -            3.3      0.04%          2.0    2.8            Sweden
                7,408         -            3.2      0.04%          2.4    2.9            Switzerland
               59,912         -           16.9      0.03%          1.6    1.7            United Kingdom
              290,343         -           84.0      0.03%          1.6    4.8            United States

                                                    0.09%

                                                                 50%




                                                  Overall
                                                  foreign
                        Standardi                students
              Score     zed score                  score
                1             2.8                       4.8
                1             2.8                       3.3
                1             2.8                       3.2
                1             2.8                       4.0
                3             8.5                       6.1
                3             8.5                       6.2
                2             5.6                       5.7
                3             8.5                       6.4
                2             5.6                       6.5
                1             2.8                       2.2
                2             5.6                       4.7
                2             5.6                       6.5
                1             2.8                       3.3
                1             2.8                       4.9
                3             8.5                       5.6
                2             5.6                       5.6
                2             5.6                       3.9
                3             8.5                       5.1
                1             2.8                       2.6
                1             2.8                       3.1
                1             2.8                       4.7

                  1.8

                              33%

¹For non-European Union or non-European Economic Area
students. ²International students at U.S. public universities pay non-
resident tuition and fees. Students holding nonimmigrant visas may
not establish residency for purpose of fees.

Source: OECD, Internationalisation and Trade in Higher Education (Paris: 2004), p. 26.
    Non-DAC immigrants with no tertiary
  education, stock change, 1990-2000, all
   Total
population                         Stock
 , 1990s                          change/
 average      1990      2000     population
    18,116        526        677      0.8%
     7,994        224        555      4.1%
    10,134         94        154      0.6%
    29,581        813      1,074      0.9%
     5,236         62        128      1.3%
     5,093         13         45      0.6%
    59,728      1,500      1,720      0.4%
    81,305      1,681      2,470      1.0%
    10,416        330        343      0.1%
     3,631          2         23      0.6%
    57,230        391        678      0.5%
  125,264         419        659      0.2%
    15,441        790        958      1.1%
     3,579         67        133      1.8%
     4,361         46         94      1.1%
    10,085         29         99      0.7%
 39,724     415      868   1.1%
  8,817     188      302   1.3%
  7,106     261      359   1.4%
 58,452   1,329    1,548   0.4%
266,463   6,470   12,203   2.2%
Migration                 2004
                                                      Refugee
                          Immigrant      Foreign      burden
                            flow        students      sharing       Composite
Australia                       16.7           4.8            4.3         12.4
Austria                           2.9          3.3          10.6            4.5
Belgium                           1.1          3.2            5.8           2.4
Canada                          17.8           4.0            7.6         13.7
Denmark                           3.2          6.1          15.5            6.1
Finland                           1.5          6.2            3.5           2.6
France                            2.2          5.7            4.2           3.1
Germany                           0.8          6.4          15.9            4.7
Greece                            0.1          6.5            1.5           1.3
Ireland                           2.4          2.2            6.5           3.2
Italy                             1.5          4.7            0.3           1.8
Japan                             5.3          6.5            0.0           4.4
Netherlands                      -0.9          3.3          14.4            2.8
New Zealand                     39.5           4.9            3.2         27.0
Norway                            4.1          5.6          13.0            6.1
Portugal                          0.3          5.6            0.1           1.0
Spain                             1.4          3.9            0.4           1.6
Sweden                            2.8          5.1          22.5            7.1
Switzerland                       3.3          2.6          17.4            6.0
United Kingdom                    1.6          3.1            6.3           2.8
United States                     5.2          4.7            3.1           4.7

Weight                           65%          15%           20%


Immigrant flow--details

                          Non-DAC immigrants with no tertiary education, stock change, 1990-2000         Non-DAC immigran
                            Total
                          population,
                            1990s                                   Stock change/
                           average      1990            2000          population        Score     Data year
Australia                     18,116          141              264            0.68%          19.6 2001-02
Austria                        7,994             5              17            0.15%           4.4      2001
Belgium                       10,134             5               9            0.04%           1.1      2002
Canada                        29,581          246              386            0.47%          13.7      2001
Denmark                        5,236             7              14            0.14%           4.1      2002
Finland                        5,093             2               5            0.07%           2.0      2001
France                        59,728           75              138            0.11%           3.1      1999
Germany                       81,305           57               76            0.02%           0.7      2002
Greece                        10,416             5               5            0.00%           0.1      1998
Ireland                        3,631             0               3            0.08%           2.3      2002
Italy                         57,230           37               64            0.05%           1.4      2000
Japan                        125,264          380              524            0.11%           3.3      2002
Netherlands                   15,441          290              285           -0.03%          -1.0      2001
New Zealand                    3,579           54              104            1.40%          40.4 2002-03
Norway                         4,361             9              17            0.18%           5.3      2001
Portugal                      10,085             0               2            0.01%           0.4      1999
Spain                          39,724            14              30            0.04%    1.1         2002
Sweden                          8,817            10              21            0.13%    3.6         2002
Switzerland                     7,106            17              25            0.12%    3.4         2002
United Kingdom                 58,452           129             165            0.06%    1.8         2001
United States                 266,463         1,122           1,853            0.27%    7.9         2002

2003 CDI Average                                                               0.17%

Weight                                                                                  50%

Foreign students--details

                                                                                              Tuition for
                                                        Non-DAC                                 foreign
                              Total    Students from   students as                             students
                             foreign     non-DAC        percent of     Standardized           relative to
                            students     countries         total          score                nationals
Australia (2001)               110,789       87,095              79%              5.7            higher
Austria (2001)                  31,682       15,316              48%              3.5           higher¹
Belgium (2001)                  38,150       17,743              47%              3.4           higher¹
Canada (2000)                   40,033       25,223              63%              4.6            higher
Denmark (2001)                  12,547         8,417             67%              4.9            none
Finland (2001)                   6,288         4,354             69%              5.0            none
France (2001)                  147,402      115,288              78%              5.7            same
Germany (2001)                 199,132      145,070              73%              5.3            none
Greece (2001)                   20,787       19,639              94%              6.9            same
Ireland (2001)                   8,207         2,096             26%              1.9           higher¹
Italy (2001)                    29,228       17,271              59%              4.3            same
Japan (2001)                    63,637       60,687              95%              6.9            same
Netherlands (2001)              16,589         8,202             49%              3.6            higher
New Zealand (2001)              11,069         9,017             81%              5.9            higher
Norway (2001)                    8,834         5,078             57%              4.2            none
Portugal (2002)                  3,843         2,966             77%              5.6            same
Spain (2001)                    39,944       16,311              41%              3.0            same
Sweden (2001)                   26,304       12,314              47%              3.4            none
Switzerland (2001)              27,765         9,424             34%              2.5           higher¹
United Kingdom (2001)          225,722      100,900              45%              3.2            higher
United States (2001)           475,169      364,532              77%              5.6           higher²

2003 CDI Average                                               69%

Weight                                                                          67%

                                                                                              ¹ For non-European Union
                                                                                              students. ² International stu
                                                                                              resident tuition and fees. S
                                                                                              not establish residency for

                                                                                              Source: OECD, Internation
Refugee burden sharing--details
                         Population     Of which:                2002 GDP, PPP Total pop. of
                         of concern     Refugee      Asylum      (Constant 2000       concern +
                        to UNHCR,      population, applications,   International     applications/ Standardiz
                         end-2002       end-2002      2002       Dollars), billions     GDP         ed score
Australia                    62,437         55,146       11,287              522.1          141.2         4.3
Austria                       43,624        14,130       39,354              235.9          351.8        10.6
Belgium                       32,425        12,578       22,305              283.1          193.4         5.8
Canada                      182,711        129,950       39,498              881.3          252.1         7.6
Denmark                       73,597        73,597         6,068             155.4          512.6        15.5
Finland                       12,373        12,373         3,443             135.1          117.1         3.5
France                       136,770       102,182       84,379            1,580.6          139.9         4.2
Germany                   1,030,000        980,000       91,471            2,128.7          526.8        15.9
Greece                         4,526         2,788         5,664             207.1            49.2        1.5
Ireland                       12,347         5,380       16,931              136.9          213.9         6.5
Italy                          8,571         8,571         7,281           1,472.8            10.8        0.3
Japan                         2,973          2,657           471           3,310.4             1.0        0.0
Netherlands                  206,521       148,362       18,667              473.4          475.6        14.4
New Zealand                   6,584          5,264         2,083                80.9        107.1         3.2
Norway                        50,432        50,432       17,480              157.6          431.0        13.0
Portugal                         462            462          245             189.0             3.7        0.1
Spain                          6,780         6,780         6,309             928.0            14.1        0.4
Sweden                       142,193       142,193       33,016              235.6          743.7        22.5
Switzerland                   92,516        64,419       39,639              229.7          575.4        17.4
United Kingdom               200,036       159,236      133,635            1,609.6          207.3         6.3
United States               878,488        485,171      130,899            9,968.1          101.3         3.1

2003 CDI Average                                                                             165.6

Source: U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees, http://www.unhcr.ch/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/statistics.
Note: Asylum applications for Italy are for 2002.
Non-DAC immigrants, gross inflow, most recent year
               Non-DAC
                 inflow
              from EAP, Non-DAC Non-DAC
     Total    preliminar   inflow    inflow/            Immigrant
   population       y    from EAP population Score      flow score
      19,358          -         48.0    0.25%      13.8       16.7    Australia
       8,132          -          2.1    0.03%       1.4         2.9   Austria
      10,312          -          2.1    0.02%       1.1         1.1   Belgium
      31,593          -       124.2     0.39%      21.9       17.8    Canada
       5,375          -          2.1    0.04%       2.2         3.2   Denmark
       5,180          -          0.9    0.02%       1.0         1.5   Finland
      59,116          -         13.9    0.02%       1.3         2.2   France
      82,351          -         14.9    0.02%       1.0         0.8   Germany
      10,520          -          0.1    0.00%       0.1         0.1   Greece
       3,879          -          1.7    0.04%       2.4         2.4   Ireland
      57,719          -         16.9    0.03%       1.6         1.5   Italy
     127,066          -       167.4     0.13%       7.3         5.3   Japan
      16,017          -         -2.6   -0.02%      -0.9        -0.9   Netherlands
       3,908          -         27.0    0.69%      38.6       39.5    New Zealand
       4,515          -          2.4    0.05%       3.0         4.1   Norway
      10,283          -          0.2    0.00%       0.1         0.3   Portugal
               40,153         -           11.6      0.03%          1.6     1.4           Spain
                8,954         -            3.3      0.04%          2.1     2.8           Sweden
                7,362         -            4.2      0.06%          3.2     3.3           Switzerland
               59,723         -           15.6      0.03%          1.5     1.6           United Kingdom
              287,676         -          126.0      0.04%          2.4     5.2           United States

                                                    0.09%

                                                                  50%




                                                  Overall
                                                  foreign
                         Standardi               students
              Score      zed score                 score
                1              2.8                      4.8
                1              2.8                      3.3
                1              2.8                      3.2
                1              2.8                      4.0
                3              8.5                      6.1
                3              8.5                      6.2
                2              5.6                      5.7
                3              8.5                      6.4
                2              5.6                      6.5
                1              2.8                      2.2
                2              5.6                      4.7
                2              5.6                      6.5
                1              2.8                      3.3
                1              2.8                      4.9
                3              8.5                      5.6
                2              5.6                      5.6
                2              5.6                      3.9
                3              8.5                      5.1
                1              2.8                      2.6
                1              2.8                      3.1
                1              2.8                      4.7

                   1.8

                              33%

¹ For non-European Union or non-European Economic Area
students. ² International students at U.S. public universities pay non-
resident tuition and fees. Students holding nonimmigrant visas may
not establish residency for purpose of fees.

Source: OECD, Internationalisation and Trade in Higher Education (Paris: 2004), p. 26.
    Non-DAC immigrants with no tertiary
  education, stock change, 1990-2000, all
   Total
population                         Stock
 , 1990s                          change/
 average      1990      2000     population
    18,116        526        677      0.8%
     7,994        224        555      4.1%
    10,134         94        154      0.6%
    29,581        813      1,074      0.9%
     5,236         62        128      1.3%
     5,093         13         45      0.6%
    59,728      1,500      1,720      0.4%
    81,305      1,681      2,470      1.0%
    10,416        330        343      0.1%
     3,631          2         23      0.6%
    57,230        391        678      0.5%
  125,264         419        659      0.2%
    15,441        790        958      1.1%
     3,579         67        133      1.8%
     4,361         46         94      1.1%
    10,085         29         99      0.7%
 39,724     415      868   1.1%
  8,817     188      302   1.3%
  7,106     261      359   1.4%
 58,452   1,329    1,548   0.4%
266,463   6,470   12,203   2.2%
Migration                 2003
                                                      Refugee
                           Immigrant      Foreign     burden
                             flow        students     sharing      Composite
Australia                         19.8          4.8          4.9          14.6
Austria                            3.2          3.3          4.6           3.5
Belgium                            1.2          3.2          6.6           2.6
Canada                            18.8          4.0          5.7          13.9
Denmark                            3.0          6.1         16.0           6.1
Finland                            1.5          6.2          3.8           2.7
France                             3.3          5.7          2.8           3.6
Germany                            0.7          6.4         14.8           4.4
Greece                             0.1          6.5          1.5           1.3
Ireland                            7.1          2.2          4.5           5.8
Italy                              1.5          4.7          0.8           1.9
Japan                              5.8          6.5          0.0           4.8
Netherlands                       -0.8          3.3         12.6           2.5
New Zealand                       37.6          4.9          2.9          25.7
Norway                             4.8          5.6         11.5           6.3
Portugal                           0.3          5.6          0.1           1.0
Spain                              2.0          3.9          0.5           2.0
Sweden                             2.9          5.1         22.8           7.2
Switzerland                        2.7          2.6         12.6           4.7
United Kingdom                     2.2          3.1          4.8           2.9
United States                      5.3          4.7          1.9           4.5

Weight                           65%           15%         20%


Immigrant flow--details
                           Non-DAC immigrants with no tertiary education, stock change, 1990-
                                                        2000                                           Non-DAC immigrant
                            Total
                          population,
                            1990s                                 Stock change/
                           average     1990           2000          population        Score     Data year
Australia                     18,116        141             264              0.68%         19.6      1999
Austria                         7,994          5             17              0.15%          4.4      1999
Belgium                       10,134           5               9             0.04%          1.1      1999
Canada                        29,581        246             386              0.47%         13.7      2001
Denmark                         5,236          7             14              0.14%          4.1      1997
Finland                         5,093          2               5             0.07%          2.0      1999
France                        59,728          75            138              0.11%          3.1      1999
Germany                       81,305          57             76              0.02%          0.7      1999
Greece                        10,416           5               5             0.00%          0.1      1997
Ireland                         3,631          0               3             0.08%          2.3      1999
Italy                         57,230          37             64              0.05%          1.4      1997
Japan                        125,264        380             524              0.11%          3.3      1999
Netherlands                   15,441        290             285             -0.03%         -1.0      1999
New Zealand                     3,579         54            104              1.40%         40.4      2001
Norway                          4,361          9             17              0.18%          5.3      2001
Portugal                      10,085           0               2             0.01%          0.4      1999
Spain                        39,724          14           30           0.04%    1.1        1999
Sweden                        8,817          10           21           0.13%    3.6        1999
Switzerland                   7,106          17           25           0.12%    3.4        1999
United Kingdom               58,452         129          165           0.06%    1.8        1999
United States               266,463       1,122        1,853           0.27%    7.9        2000

2003 CDI Average                                                       0.17%

Weight                                                                          50%
Foreign students--details

                                                                                      Tuition for
                                       Students  Non-DAC                                foreign
                                      from non- students as                            students
                      Total foreign      DAC     percent of    Standardized           relative to
                       students       countries     total         score                nationals
Australia (2001)          110,789         87,095         79%              5.7            higher
Austria (2001)              31,682        15,316         48%              3.5           higher¹
Belgium (2001)              38,150        17,743         47%              3.4           higher¹
Canada (2000)               40,033        25,223         63%              4.6            higher
Denmark (2001)              12,547         8,417         67%              4.9            none
Finland (2001)                6,288        4,354         69%              5.0            none
France (2001)             147,402        115,288         78%              5.7            same
Germany (2001)            199,132        145,070         73%              5.3            none
Greece (2001)               20,787        19,639         94%              6.9            same
Ireland (2001)                8,207        2,096         26%              1.9           higher¹
Italy (2001)                29,228        17,271         59%              4.3            same
Japan (2001)                63,637        60,687         95%              6.9            same
Netherlands (2001)          16,589         8,202         49%              3.6            higher
New Zealand (2001)          11,069         9,017         81%              5.9            higher
Norway (2001)                 8,834        5,078         57%              4.2            none
Portugal (2002)               3,843        2,966         77%              5.6            same
Spain (2001)                39,944        16,311         41%              3.0            same
Sweden (2001)               26,304        12,314         47%              3.4            none
Switzerland (2001)          27,765         9,424         34%              2.5           higher¹
United Kingdom (2001)     225,722        100,900         45%              3.2            higher
United States (2001)      475,169        364,532         77%              5.6           higher²

Average                                                 69%               4.5

Weight                                                                  67%

                                                                                      ¹For non-European Union or
                                                                                      ²International students at U.S
                                                                                      tuition and fees. Students ho
                                                                                      establish residency for purpo

                                                                                      Source: OECD, Internationa
Refugee burden sharing--details
                         Population  Of which:              2000 GDP, PPP Total pop. of
                         of concern  Refugee    Asylum      (Constant 2000       concern +
                        to UNHCR, population, applications,   International     applications/ Standardi
                         end-2000    end-2000    2000       Dollars), billions     GDP        zed score
Australia                    57,660      70,860     20,720               486.8         161.0        4.9
Austria                       17,090     27,040     18,280               232.2         152.3        4.6
Belgium                       18,830     63,830     42,690               279.9         219.8        6.6
Canada                      124,730     154,910     34,250               839.7         189.3        5.7
Denmark                       71,040     76,240     10,350               153.5         530.1       16.0
Finland                       13,280     14,580      3,170               132.3         124.4        3.8
France                       102,510    102,510     39,780            1,513.5            94.0       2.8
Germany                      906,000    976,270    117,650            2,094.8          488.7       14.8
Greece                         6,650      9,030      3,080               189.9           51.2       1.5
Ireland                        2,540     14,610     14,800               116.4         148.9        4.5
Italy                         22,870     22,980     14,000            1,441.9            25.6       0.8
Japan                         3,750       4,030         220           3,326.5             1.2       0.0
Netherlands                  146,000    230,470     43,900               455.6         416.8       12.6
New Zealand                   4,920       7,240      2,230                 75.7          94.5       2.9
Norway                        47,690     47,690     10,840               153.6         381.0       11.5
Portugal                         410        410         200              186.7            3.3       0.1
Spain                          6,700      6,700      7,930               881.5           16.6       0.5
Sweden                       157,220    168,020     16,300               229.7         755.4       22.8
Switzerland                   57,650     85,120     32,430               216.7         415.7       12.6
United Kingdom               169,370    258,470     80,320            1,573.2          158.7        4.8
United States               508,220     894,550     91,600            9,587.2            62.6       1.9

Average                                                                                    165.6    6.5

Source: U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees, http://www.unhcr.ch/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/statistics.
Note: Asylum applications for Italy are for 2002.
Non-DAC immigrants, gross inflow, most recent year
              Non-DAC
             inflow from Non-DAC Non-DAC
     Total       EAP,      inflow     inflow/           Immigrant
  population preliminary from EAP population Score      flow score
      18,532         -          66.6     0.36%     20.0       19.8    Australia
       8,072         -           2.8     0.03%      1.9         3.2   Austria
      10,181         -           2.3     0.02%      1.3         1.2   Belgium
      29,987         -        128.2      0.43%     23.9       18.8    Canada
       5,284         -           1.9     0.04%      2.0         3.0   Denmark
       5,140         -           1.1     0.02%      1.1         1.5   Finland
      58,208         -          37.7     0.06%      3.6         3.3   France
      82,071         -          11.8     0.01%      0.8         0.7   Germany
      10,497         -           0.1     0.00%      0.1         0.1   Greece
       3,670         -           7.8     0.21%     11.8         7.1   Ireland
      57,523         -          17.2     0.03%      1.7         1.5   Italy
     126,091         -        189.4      0.15%      8.4         5.8   Japan
      15,607         -          -1.6    -0.01%     -0.6        -0.8   Netherlands
       3,761         -          23.4     0.62%     34.7       37.6    New Zealand
       4,404         -           3.4     0.08%      4.4         4.8   Norway
       9,945         -           0.2     0.00%      0.1         0.3   Portugal
              39,323          -          20.0      0.05%        2.8        2.0           Spain
               8,849          -           3.6      0.04%        2.3        2.9           Sweden
               7,088          -           2.5      0.04%        2.0        2.7           Switzerland
              59,009          -          28.3      0.05%        2.7        2.2           United Kingdom
             271,543          -         132.2      0.05%        2.7        5.3           United States

                                                   0.09%

                                                               50%



                                                 Overall
                                                 foreign
                       Standardiz               students
             Score      ed score                  score
               1              2.8                      4.8
               1              2.8                      3.3
               1              2.8                      3.2
               1              2.8                      4.0
               3              8.5                      6.1
               3              8.5                      6.2
               2              5.6                      5.7
               3              8.5                      6.4
               2              5.6                      6.5
               1              2.8                      2.2
               2              5.6                      4.7
               2              5.6                      6.5
               1              2.8                      3.3
               1              2.8                      4.9
               3              8.5                      5.6
               2              5.6                      5.6
               2              5.6                      3.9
               3              8.5                      5.1
               1              2.8                      2.6
               1              2.8                      3.1
               1              2.8                      4.7

                 1.8              5.0

                             33%

¹For non-European Union or non-European Economic Area students.
²International students at U.S. public universities pay non-resident
tuition and fees. Students holding nonimmigrant visas may not
establish residency for purpose of fees.

Source: OECD, Internationalisation and Trade in Higher Education (Paris: 2004), p. 26.
    Non-DAC immigrants with no tertiary
  education, stock change, 1990-2000, all
   Total
population                         Stock
 , 1990s                          change/
 average      1990      2000     population
    18,116        526        677      0.8%
     7,994        224        555      4.1%
    10,134         94        154      0.6%
    29,581        813      1,074      0.9%
     5,236         62        128      1.3%
     5,093         13         45      0.6%
    59,728      1,500      1,720      0.4%
    81,305      1,681      2,470      1.0%
    10,416        330        343      0.1%
     3,631          2         23      0.6%
    57,230        391        678      0.5%
  125,264         419        659      0.2%
    15,441        790        958      1.1%
     3,579         67        133      1.8%
     4,361         46         94      1.1%
    10,085         29         99      0.7%
 39,724     415      868   1.1%
  8,817     188      302   1.3%
  7,106     261      359   1.4%
 58,452   1,329    1,548   0.4%
266,463   6,470   12,203   2.2%
Environment                       2008

                                                       Global climate                                                  Sustainable fisheries                     Biodiversity and global ecosystems
                                           % change in                        Consumption
                                              GHG                               of ozone-                                           Ratification of
                    GHG emissions/         emissions/     Gasoline tax          depleting     Kyoto Protocol                         UN Fisheries       Imports of selected
                       capita                 GDP              es              substances       ratification    Fishing subsidies     Agreement              species
Australia                       -1.1                4.6             2.0                  8.3               10.0               3.8               10.0                    10.0
Austria                          6.2                0.9             4.3                  7.7               10.0              10.0               10.0                      7.4
Belgium                          4.3                6.2             5.7                  7.7               10.0               9.4               10.0                      7.5
Canada                           0.6                1.3             1.5                  1.3               10.0               6.9               10.0                      6.7
Denmark                          4.7                9.7             4.1                  7.7               10.0              -5.9               10.0                      7.2
Finland                          6.7               11.9             4.9                  7.7               10.0               9.2               10.0                      9.7
France                           6.7                7.8             5.2                  7.7               10.0               8.8               10.0                     -0.4
Germany                          5.2                5.4             5.7                  7.7               10.0               9.9               10.0                      1.8
Greece                           4.9                5.9             3.5                  7.7               10.0               6.1               10.0                      5.7
Ireland                          3.1               14.2             3.6                  7.7               10.0               7.2               10.0                    10.0
Italy                            6.7                0.8             5.3                  7.7               10.0               8.2               10.0                     -7.9
Japan                            6.0                2.1             2.9                  9.7               10.0             -23.3               10.0                      5.1
Netherlands                      4.7                7.3             6.1                  7.7               10.0              10.0               10.0                      7.4
New Zealand                      4.7                5.3             2.6                  5.5               10.0              10.0               10.0                      9.7
Norway                           7.6               13.1             4.9                11.0                10.0             -14.8               10.0                      9.3
Portugal                         6.5               -3.0             6.6                  7.7               10.0               9.9               10.0                      6.3
South Korea                      5.0                5.2             6.9               (37.5)               10.0               7.6               10.0                      6.7
Spain                            6.4               -0.6             4.0                  7.7               10.0               5.2               10.0                     -6.5
Sweden                           7.2               -2.7             4.7                  7.7               10.0               2.6               10.0                      7.7
Switzerland                      7.0                0.9             3.0                  9.4               10.0              10.0                0.0                     -3.4
United Kingdom                   5.5                8.1             5.8                  7.7               10.0              10.0               10.0                      8.3
United States                    1.3                5.5             0.6                 (5.4)               0.0               9.2               10.0                      1.9

Weight                            10%               15%               15%              10%               10%                   5%               5%                      10%

Greenhouse gas emissions/capita, 2006
                                                             CO2 emission/energy conversion factors
                                                                       Oil 19.94                          Gas 13.78                            Coal 24.12
                     Total Emissions of
                       CO2 CH4 N2O
                      HFCs PFCs SF6
                          including                                                               Fuel use (million tons oil equivalent)
                    emissions/removals                                    Oil                                Gas                                       Coal
                    from land use, land-  Of which:
                   use change, forestry emissions of
                   (LULUCF) (thousand CO2 from fossil
                         tons CO2        fuel burning
                      equivalent), 2005   only, 2005                 2005              2006              2005                2006             2005                     2006
Australia                     555,327.06       407,654.74              38.6             40.3              24.9                 25.8             52.5                     51.1
Austria                        76,252.98        62,613.44              14.2             14.2                9.0                 8.5              2.8                      3.0
Belgium                       143,478.26       122,958.54              39.9             41.0              14.9                 15.3              6.1                      6.1
Canada                        729,710.14       557,471.12             100.3             98.8              82.3                 87.0             32.5                     35.0
Denmark                        63,190.11        49,641.27               9.2              9.5                4.5                 4.6              3.7                      5.5
Finland                        38,307.91        26,046.85              11.0             10.6                3.6                 3.8              3.1                      5.2
France                        495,439.80       351,355.07              93.1             92.8              41.3                 40.6             13.3                     13.1
Germany                       965,400.08       836,445.78             122.4            123.5              77.6                 78.5             82.1                     82.4
Greece                        133,826.72       106,248.01              21.1             22.1                2.5                 2.9              8.8                      8.8
Ireland                        69,288.26        46,635.04               9.4              9.3                3.5                 4.0              1.8                      1.8
Italy                         469,537.86       383,195.29              86.7             85.7              70.8                 69.4             17.0                     17.4
Japan                       1,263,872.08      1,197,370.02            244.0            235.0              71.1                 76.1            121.3                    119.1
Netherlands                   214,474.93       178,246.10              49.6             49.6              35.5                 34.5              8.7                      7.5
New Zealand                    52,658.27        11,285.46               7.1              7.2                3.1                 3.3              2.1                      2.2
Norway                         26,934.13        15,916.49               9.7             10.0                4.0                 4.0              0.5                      0.4
Portugal                       89,465.19        71,582.22              16.0             16.8                3.8                 3.7              3.8                      3.7
South Korea                   585,796.77       524,996.77            105.4            105.3              30.4                 30.8             54.8                     54.8
Spain                         390,972.02       318,605.20              78.8             78.1              29.1                 30.0             21.2                     18.3
Sweden                         63,041.97        48,511.80              15.1             14.9                0.7                 0.8              2.2                      2.2
Switzerland                    53,387.21        45,706.78              12.2             12.6                2.8                 2.7              0.1                      0.1
United Kingdom                655,361.08       555,489.79              83.0             82.2              85.6                 81.7             39.7                     43.8
United States               6,431,934.74      5,261,037.66            951.4            938.8             576.7                566.9            574.2                    567.3


2003 CDI Average

Note: For Canada, Greece, and Japan, 2005 figures are unvailable so 2005 values are estimated based on 2004 values and changes in fossil fuel use.
Source: Emissions figures from UNFCCC Greenhouse Gases Inventory Database (Common Reporting Format - CRF),
http://unfccc.int/national_reports/annex_i_ghg_inventories/national_inventories_submissions/items/3734.php - summary2 tables for each
country; fuel use figures from British Petroleum, BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2007 (London: 2007,
http://www.bp.com/productlanding.do?categoryId=6842&contentId=7021390, Historical Data Series
Growth rate of greenhouse gas emissions/GDP, 1996-2006

                                                                                                                     Emissions of CO2 CH4 N2O HFCs PFCs SF6 CO NOX NMVOC SO2, 2002 (thousan
                      Average annual
                    growth rate of GHG
                      emissions/PPP
                     GDP, 1996-2006            Score                                   1996             1997               1998              1999                   2000
Australia                          -1.9%                4.6                         462,093          470,476            493,374           496,527                510,200
Austria                            -0.4%                0.9                          73,905           64,402             65,484            59,073                 64,772
Belgium                            -2.6%                6.2                         155,044          146,355            151,524           145,760                145,979
Canada                             -0.6%                1.3                         588,506          555,094            775,690           653,690                594,115
Denmark                            -4.1%                9.7                          89,702           80,064             75,288            72,888                 71,298
Finland                            -5.0%               11.9                          54,411           59,081             56,314            54,877                 53,722
France                             -3.3%                7.8                         532,479          524,068            537,396           519,613                526,735
Germany                            -2.3%                5.4                       1,083,493        1,045,941          1,019,724           987,956                985,832
Greece                             -2.5%                5.9                         112,730          117,790            123,391           122,304                128,797
Ireland                            -6.0%               14.2                          61,799           63,287             65,788            67,165                 69,235
Italy                              -0.4%                0.8                         418,600          431,908            446,188           444,726                455,975
Japan                              -0.9%                2.1                       1,270,806        1,264,105          1,221,219         1,242,616              1,260,566
Netherlands                        -3.1%                7.3                         235,267          228,462            229,891           217,769                216,850
New Zealand                        -2.2%                5.3                          50,742           51,285             48,088            49,148                 50,081
Norway                             -5.5%               13.1                          38,400           38,745             33,099            33,884                 28,237
Portugal                            1.3%               -3.0                          65,610           68,888             73,293            81,200                 78,476
South Korea                        -2.2%                5.2                        484,160          513,520            452,380           490,840                525,900
Spain                               0.3%               -0.6                         266,115          286,838            297,624           324,325                335,945
Sweden                              1.1%               -2.7                          44,440           41,513             50,272            52,624                 35,585
Switzerland                        -0.4%                0.9                          49,377           48,308             51,176            47,516                 52,972
United Kingdom                     -3.4%                8.1                         732,109          708,072            703,006           671,841                673,541
United States                      -2.3%                5.5                       5,998,526        5,994,090          6,111,008         6,148,244              6,390,514

2003 CDI Average                  -2.1%

Note: These "least squares" growth rates are computed by fitting a line to the graph of log of emissions/GDP over time; with a constant growth rate, this relationship is linear.
Estimating growth rates this way reduces sensitivity to aberrations in the start and final year.
Source: Emissions figures from UNFCCC Greenhouse Gases Inventory Database (Common Reporting Format - CRF),
http://unfccc.int/national_reports/annex_i_ghg_inventories/national_inventories_submissions/items/3734.php - summary2 tables for each country.

Gasoline taxes, 2007

                                                              Price (PPP $/                   Taxes (PPP $/
                   Grade                                           liter)       Taxes/price       liter)            Score
Australia          Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $          0.92        38.60%   $          0.35               2.0
Austria            Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $          1.32        56.70%   $          0.75               4.3
Belgium            Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $          1.63        60.70%   $          0.99               5.7
Canada             Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $          0.88        28.90%   $          0.26               1.5
Denmark            Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $          1.17        61.40%   $          0.72               4.1
Finland            Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $          1.36        63.30%   $          0.86               4.9
France             Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $          1.43        63.70%   $          0.91               5.2
Germany            Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $          1.54        64.80%   $          1.00               5.7
Greece             Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $          1.25        49.00%   $          0.61               3.5
Ireland            Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $          1.11        57.10%   $          0.64               3.6
Italy              Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $          1.53        60.10%   $          0.92               5.3
Japan              Regular unleaded                           $          1.16        43.20%   $          0.50               2.9
Netherlands        Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $          1.70        63.10%   $          1.07               6.1
New Zealand        Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $          1.08        42.10%   $          0.46               2.6
Norway             Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $          1.37        62.50%   $          0.86               4.9
Portugal           Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $          1.88        61.50%   $          1.16               6.6
South Korea        Regular unleaded                           $          2.08        57.90%   $          1.20               6.9
Spain              Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $          1.34        52.10%   $          0.70               4.0
Sweden             Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $          1.29        63.40%   $          0.82               4.7
Switzerland        Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $          1.02        50.70%   $          0.52               3.0
United Kingdom     Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $          1.52        66.80%   $          1.01               5.8
United States      Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $          0.77        13.40%   $          0.10               0.6

2003 CDI Average                                                                              $         0.87

U.S. Consumer Price Index                                                                            207.342

Note: Data for Greece are from 2005.
Source: OECD, IEA, Energy Prices and Taxes, First Quarter 2008 (Paris: 2008); pg. 308(for Japan and Korea) and 310 (for
the rest) and 379(for Japand and Korea) 381(for the rest); CPI from ftp://ftp.bls.gov/pub/special.requests/cpi/cpiai.txt.

Consumption of selected Ozone-Depleting Substances (in ODP Metric Tons), 2006

                       Consumption/        Standardized
                          person              score
Australia                         3.4                 8.3
Austria                           4.7                 7.7
Belgium                           4.7                 7.7
Canada                           17.7                 1.3
Denmark                             4.7               7.7
Finland                             4.7               7.7
France                              4.7               7.7
Germany                             4.7               7.7
Greece                              4.7               7.7
Ireland                             4.7               7.7
Italy                               4.7               7.7
Japan                               0.5               9.7
Netherlands                         4.7               7.7
New Zealand                         9.2               5.5
Norway                             (2.1)             11.0
Portugal                            4.7               7.7
South Korea                        96.7             -37.5
Spain                               4.7               7.7
Sweden                              4.7               7.7
Switzerland                         1.3               9.4
United Kingdom                      4.7               7.7
United States                      31.5              -5.4

2003 CDI Average                    10.2


Consumption of selected Ozone-Depleting Substances (in ODP Metric Tons), 2006



                                           Bromochlorom    Carbon                                                            Methyl
Country                    CFCs               ethane     Tetrachloride    Halons          HBFCs                HCFCs        Bromide         Methyl Chloroform
Australia                         -80.0              0.0            0.0          0.0               0.0              116.2           33.2                    0.0
Canada                              0.0              0.0            0.3          0.0               0.0              550.9           25.2                    0.0
European Union                   -127.4               -1     -2,341.40        -333.5              -1.1           1,089.80         846.6                     0.4
Japan                            -809.0              0.0          25.3           0.0               0.0              582.3         293.3                     0.1
New Zealand                         0.0              0.0            0.0          0.0               0.0               21.9           16.1                    0.0
Norway                            -26.7              0.0        -197.6           0.0               0.0               16.8            0.0                    0.0
South Korea                     3,026.2              0.0          33.0       1,470.0               0.0            1,655.0            0.0                  279.9
Switzerland                         0.0              0.0            0.8          0.0               0.0                7.5            2.2                    0.0
United States                     752.7              0.0            7.4          0.0               0.0            4,766.2       3,885.0                     0.0


Source: United Nations Environment Programme Ozone Secretariat 2007 data
(http://ozone.unep.org/Data_Reporting/Data_Access/); Population Data: World Development Indicators 2008


Ratification of Kyoto Protocol, as of end-2007

                               Ratified?            Score
Australia                              1               10
Austria                                1               10
Belgium                                1               10
Canada                                 1               10
Denmark                                1               10
Finland                                1               10
France                                 1               10
Germany                                1               10
Greece                                 1               10
Ireland                                1               10
Italy                                  1               10
Japan                                  1               10
Netherlands                            1               10
New Zealand                            1               10
Norway                                 1               10
Portugal                               1               10
South Korea                            1               10
Spain                                  1               10
Sweden                                 1               10
Switzerland                            1               10
United Kingdom                         1               10
United States                          0                0

Max                                    1

Source: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto Protocol: Status of Ratification, Bonn,
http://unfccc.int/files/essential_background/kyoto_protocol/application/pdf/kpstats.pdf.


Sustainable fisheries

                                                                                                                                             Ratification of UN
                                                                                                                                           Fisheries Agreement,
                                           Fishing subsidies/capita                                                                              Feb-2008
                                                           Fishing
                                               PPP        subsidies                           Fishing
                    Fishing subsidies,      Conversion   2004 (Million       Population,     subsides/
                   2004 (Million in LCU)    Rates-2004      in $)              2004          person ($)            Score
Australia                             98            1.36             72       19,913,144               4.9                   3.8                                       1
Austria                                0            0.00              0        8,174,762               0.0                  10.0                                       1
Belgium                                5            0.88              6       10,348,276               0.5                   9.4                                       1
Canada                                80            1.25             64       32,134,763               2.5                   6.9                                       1
Denmark                               68            8.41              8        5,413,392              12.6                  -5.9                                       1
Finland                                3            0.96              4        5,214,512               0.7                   9.2                                       1
France                                58            0.91             64       62,534,159               0.9                   8.8                                       1
Germany                                5            0.93              5       82,424,609               0.1                   9.9                                       1
Greece                                33            0.70             47       10,647,529               3.1                   6.1                                       1
Ireland                                9            1.01              9        3,969,558               2.2                   7.2                                       1
Italy                                 85            0.85           100        58,057,477               1.5                   8.2                                       1
Japan                               3373          134.00             25      127,480,498              26.5                 -23.3                                       1
Netherlands                            1            0.91              1       16,318,199               0.0                  10.0                                       1
New Zealand                            0            1.48              0        4,008,166               0.0                  10.0                                       1
Norway                                90            9.18             10        4,574,560              19.7                 -14.8                                       1
Portugal                               1            0.71              1       10,524,145               0.0                   9.9                                       1
South Korea                           92          784.00              0       48,426,325               1.9                   7.6                                       1
Spain                                154            0.76           202        40,280,780               3.8                   5.2                                       1
Sweden                                53            9.19              6        8,986,400               5.9                   2.6                                       1
Switzerland                            0            0.00              0        7,450,867               0.0                  10.0                                       0
United Kingdom                         0            0.63              0       60,270,708               0.0                  10.0                                       1
United States                        196            1.00           196       293,027,571               0.7                   9.2                                       1

2003 CDI Average                                                                                      3.98                                  Max:                       1

Note: Canada, Denmark, Germany, and UK fishing subsidies data for 2002.
Souce: Review of Fisheries in OECD Countries: Country Statistics 20022004 (published                         Source: http://www.un.org/Depts/los/reference_files/chronological_lists_of_ratifications.htm #
in 2006); population data is from US Census-International Datacase                                           implementation of the provisions of the Convention relating to the conservation and managem
(http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idb/)                                                                         fish stocks and highly migratory fish stocks




Endangered species, biodiversity

                                                                   Imports of selected species under the CITES Treaty, 2002 (this name should be changed to global net trade)




                                                                                             Live parrot                           Live lizard
Country              Crocodile skins        Lizard skins    Wild Cat skins   Snakeskins        Imports    Live coral imports        imports           Total imports
Australia                            0                  1               15            25                0                148                  306                  495
Austria                           5663              2,290               14              2             868              4,523                   87                13447
Belgium                             13                  0                3            48                0                                  16,845                16909
Canada                             278                224                0           286            3,473             46,238               17,496                67995
Denmark                           1761                  0            1089             67                0              4,705                2,145                 9767
Finland                              2                  0               79              0               1                955                    3                 1040
France                          194445             68,456             567          9,064           30,981             76,566               21,508               401587
Germany                          56913             50,217             456        159,409            3,602           123,000                41,323               434920
Greece                               0                  0            2343               0          17,170              2,077                8,048                29638
Ireland                              0                  0                2              0              42                                                           44
Italy                            89110             72,882          31794         330,999           51,086             54,367             38,077                 668315
Japan                            78693            126,199            1365         86,030           17,489             63,937             31,567                 405280
Netherlands                          0                 10               40              0               0             18,825              8,515                  27390
New Zealand                         79                 18                0            10                0                723                  0                    830
Norway                               4                  1               24              3           1,849                154                  4                   2039
Portugal                             0                  0                0              0          19,732              2,727              2,552                  25011
South Korea                     39596*             10,793               27        19,275               48             21,186             49,752                 101081
Spain                            31715            157,206             306        115,548           34,436             12,484             74,642                 426337
Sweden                               0                  0                1              5               0             10,816              2,451                  13273
Switzerland                      32074             25,755               32              0             174              5,353                394                  63782
United Kingdom                     279                  3            9998               0          17,798             34,065              4,073                  66216
United States                        0             77,339                0        14,190           32,759           605,998             769,501                1499787

2003 CDI Average
*Korean crocodile skin imports are for 2000
Source: World Resources Institute 2005. EarthTrends: The Environmental Information Portal. Available at
http://earthtrends.wri.org/searchable_db/index.php?theme=7




Tropical timber

                                       Gross timber imports from tropical countries, 2006
                                                                        Imports/capita
                   Imports of wood and                                    with Europe
Country                  cork ($)        Population    Imports/capita    averaged out    Score
Australia           $     300,564,440     20,264,082    $      14.83     $       14.83            4.6
Austria             $      26,272,344      8,192,880    $       3.21     $       13.73            5.0
Belgium             $     495,306,847     10,379,067    $      47.72     $       13.73            5.0
Canada              $     232,276,922     33,098,932    $       7.02     $        7.02            7.5
Denmark             $     120,834,629      5,450,661    $      22.17     $       13.73            5.0
Finland             $      19,653,289      5,231,372    $       3.76     $       13.73            5.0
France              $     706,685,073     63,328,504    $      11.16     $       13.73            5.0
Germany             $     588,598,000     82,422,299    $       7.14     $       13.73            5.0
Greece              $      54,727,532     10,688,058    $       5.12     $       13.73            5.0
Ireland             $      83,706,676      4,062,235    $      20.61     $       13.73            5.0
Italy               $     695,520,672     58,133,509    $      11.96     $       13.73            5.0
Japan               $ 3,625,553,029      127,515,169    $      28.43     $       28.43           -0.3
Netherlands         $     626,181,702     16,491,461    $      37.97     $       13.73            5.0
New Zealand         $      29,972,836      4,076,140    $       7.35     $        7.35            7.3
Norway              $      43,512,518      4,610,820    $       9.44     $       13.73            5.0
Portugal            $     122,208,259     10,605,870    $      11.52     $       13.73            5.0
South Korea         $     750,555,944     48,846,823    $      15.37     $       15.37            4.5
Spain               $     389,218,269     40,397,842    $       9.63     $       13.73            5.0
Sweden              $      27,782,517      9,016,596    $       3.08     $       13.73            5.0
Switzerland         $      27,397,980      7,523,934    $       3.64     $       13.73            5.0
United Kingdom      $     698,830,217     60,609,153    $      11.53     $       13.73            5.0
United States       $ 3,671,223,767      298,444,215    $      12.30     $       12.30            5.6

2003 CDI Average                                                        $       13.86

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, COMTRADE database.
Biodiversity and global ecosystems


                                Tropical wood
            CBD ratification       imports         Overall score
                        10.0               4.6                  5.6
                        10.0               5.0                  6.2
                        10.0               5.0                  6.9
                        10.0               7.5                  4.7
                        10.0               5.0                  6.5
                        10.0               5.0                  8.2
                        10.0               5.0                  6.6
                        10.0               5.0                  6.4
                        10.0               5.0                  6.3
                        10.0               5.0                  7.9
                        10.0               5.0                  4.7
                        10.0              -0.3                  3.6
                        10.0               5.0                  7.2
                        10.0               7.3                  6.8
                        10.0               5.0                  7.5
                        10.0               5.0                  5.8
                        10.0               4.5                  2.3
                        10.0               5.0                  4.3
                        10.0               5.0                  5.4
                        10.0               5.0                  4.6
                        10.0               5.0                  7.5
                          0.0              5.6                  2.5

                         5%              15%




                                                                         GHG
                                                                      emissions/
             Emissions of                                               capita,
            CO2 from fossil Greenhouse                                2006 (tons
             fuel burning, gas emissions,                                CO2
              2006 (est)        2006              Population, 2006    equivalent)   Score
                     409,732           557,405          20,520,940           27.2           -1.1
                      62,259            75,899            8,240,029           9.2            6.2
                     126,022           146,542          10,485,710           14.0            4.3
                     570,988           743,227          32,556,460           22.8            0.6
                      57,227            70,775            5,428,524          13.0            4.7
                      29,548            41,809            5,255,050           8.0            6.7
                     349,165           493,250          61,037,510            8.1            6.7
                     842,300           971,255          82,411,440           11.8            5.2
                     110,156           137,735          11,112,990           12.4            4.9
                      47,710            70,363            4,209,447          16.7            3.1
                     379,284           465,626          58,571,000            7.9            6.7
                    1,175,268         1,241,770       127,564,900             9.7            6.0
                     173,551           209,780          16,371,350           12.8            4.7
                      11,682            53,055            4,125,376          12.9            4.7
                      16,110            27,128            4,643,660           5.8            7.6
                      73,308            91,191          10,589,650            8.6            6.5
                     525,665           586,465          48,418,080           12.1            5.0
                     309,516           381,883          43,546,300            8.8            6.4
                      48,289            62,820            9,045,728           6.9            7.2
                      46,477            54,158            7,441,475           7.3            7.0
                     559,674           659,545          60,360,800           10.9            5.5
                    5,189,660         6,360,557       298,988,100            21.3            1.3

                                                                           12.2
FCs PFCs SF6 CO NOX NMVOC SO2, 2002 (thousand tons CO2 equivalent)




                                      2001        2002        2003      2004        2005    2006
                                   518,287     525,422     505,537   523,350     555,327     557,405
                                    65,947      71,216      76,018    74,215      76,253      75,899
                                   144,139     142,719     146,323   146,478     143,478     146,542
                                   597,730     731,670     742,425   838,907     729,710     743,227
                                    70,468      68,404      73,253    66,688      63,190      70,775
                                    56,018      58,369      67,389    62,635      38,308      41,809
                                   521,477     502,960     501,105   500,295     495,440     493,250
                                 1,002,029     982,587     995,404   989,126     965,400     971,255
                                   127,990     127,561     131,755   132,231     133,827     137,735
                                    70,942      68,845      68,509    68,465      69,288      70,363
                                   449,426     445,480     462,482   475,868     469,538     465,626
                                 1,235,780   1,267,663   1,263,346 1,260,296   1,263,872   1,241,770
                                   218,594     218,104     219,222   220,800     214,475     209,780
                                    52,541      52,362      52,942    51,737      52,658      53,055
                                    27,443      25,633      29,036    29,387      26,934      27,128
                                    80,449      85,110      92,831    86,983      89,465      91,191
                                  538,650     551,400     562,657   575,268     585,797      586,465
                                   336,680     353,847     360,057   373,672     390,972     381,883
                                    42,231      43,175      48,464    64,248      63,042      62,820
                                    51,893      51,067      54,447    52,215      53,387      54,158
                                   676,445     655,820     661,530   658,511     655,361     659,545
                                 6,259,501   6,252,682   6,292,271 6,378,871   6,431,935   6,360,557




, this relationship is linear.
                  Total CFCs,
 Other Fully        HCFCs,
Halogenated         Methyl                      Consumpti
   CFCs            Bromide        Population    on/ capita
            0.0            69.4      20,520,940        3.4
            0.0           576.1      32,556,460       17.7
              0         1,809.0     383,825,148        4.7
            0.0            66.6     127,564,900        0.5
            0.0            38.0       4,125,376        9.2
            0.0            -9.9       4,643,660       -2.1
            0.0         4,681.2      48,418,080       96.7
            0.0             9.7       7,441,475        1.3
            0.0         9,403.9     298,988,100       31.5
                               Score
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                   0
                                  10
                                  10




erence_files/chronological_lists_of_ratifications.htm # Agreement for the
Convention relating to the conservation and management of straddling
cks




                                                                             Approval of Convention on Biodiversity, as of end-
changed to global net trade)                                                                      2007




                        Population   Imports/ capita         Score                                  Ratified?
                        19,546,792.0            0.0                   10.0   Australia                      1
                         8,148,312.0            1.7                    7.4   Austria                        1
                        10,311,970.0            1.6                    7.5   Belgium                        1
                        31,902,268.0            2.1                    6.7   Canada                         1
                         5,374,693.0            1.8                    7.2   Denmark                        1
                         5,193,039.0            0.2                    9.7   Finland                        1
                        59,925,035.0            6.7                   -0.4   France                         1
                        82,350,671.0            5.3                    1.8   Germany                        1
                        10,603,863.0            2.8                    5.7   Greece                         1
                         3,879,155.0            0.0                   10.0   Ireland                        1
                        57,926,999.0           11.5                   -7.9   Italy                          1
                       127,065,841.0            3.2                    5.1   Japan                          1
                        16,122,830.0            1.7                    7.4   Netherlands                    1
                         3,908,037.0            0.2                    9.7   New Zealand                    1
                         4,535,591.0            0.4                    9.3   Norway                         1
                        10,433,867.0            2.4                    6.3   Portugal                       1
                          47,615,130            2.1                    6.7   South Korea                    1
                        40,152,517.0           10.6                   -6.5   Spain                          1
                         8,954,175.0            1.5                    7.7   Sweden                         1
                         7,361,757.0            8.7                   -3.4   Switzerland                    1
                        59,912,431.0            1.1                    8.3   United Kingdom                 1
                       287,675,526.0            5.2                    1.9   United States                  0

                                                  3.2                        Max                           1

                                                                             Source: Convention on Biological Diversity:
                                                                             http://www.cbd.int/information/parties.shtml United Nations
                                                                             Framework Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto Protocol:
                                                                             Status of Ratification, Bonn,
                                                                             http://unfccc.int/files/essential_background/kyoto_protocol/applicati
                                                                             on/pdf/kpstats.pdf
                                                               PPP GDP (2000 $)




   1996          1997          1998          1999          2000        2001          2002          2003           2004         2005          2006
4.21498E+11   4.38516E+11   4.61277E+11   4.77649E+11   4.868E+11    5.0523E+11   5.22117E+11   5.41966E+11   5.60614E+11       5.75E+11    6.3E+11
2.04307E+11   2.09068E+11     2.167E+11   2.25132E+11   2.322E+11   2.35044E+11   2.35869E+11   2.37427E+11   2.42451E+11       2.47E+11   2.53E+11
  2.471E+11   2.55693E+11   2.60491E+11   2.68994E+11   2.799E+11   2.82183E+11   2.83061E+11   2.88012E+11   2.97824E+11       3.02E+11   3.15E+11
7.02099E+11   7.29888E+11   7.60886E+11   8.04363E+11   8.397E+11   8.56595E+11   8.81331E+11   8.95488E+11   9.18699E+11       9.49E+11   9.86E+11
1.36784E+11   1.41008E+11   1.43926E+11   1.47397E+11   1.535E+11   1.54408E+11   1.55421E+11    1.5528E+11   1.58517E+11       1.63E+11   1.71E+11
1.10868E+11   1.16744E+11   1.23103E+11    1.2614E+11   1.323E+11   1.32843E+11   1.35121E+11   1.40008E+11   1.43915E+11       1.47E+11    1.6E+11
1.33812E+12    1.3684E+12   1.41586E+12   1.45206E+12   1.513E+12   1.54743E+12   1.58055E+12   1.59033E+12   1.62597E+12       1.64E+12   1.76E+12
 1.9076E+12   1.94588E+12   1.99164E+12    2.0324E+12   2.095E+12   2.12293E+12   2.12867E+12   2.11744E+12   2.14646E+12       2.16E+12   2.26E+12
1.60973E+11    1.6681E+11   1.72575E+11   1.80906E+11   1.899E+11   1.99484E+11   2.07077E+11   2.16903E+11   2.25641E+11       2.34E+11   2.41E+11
74883465216   84268769280   92567740416   1.05937E+11   1.164E+11   1.25852E+11     1.369E+11   1.40092E+11   1.45172E+11       1.52E+11   1.53E+11
1.33308E+12   1.35379E+12   1.37962E+12   1.39728E+12   1.442E+12   1.46594E+12   1.47283E+12   1.47631E+12    1.4911E+12       1.49E+12   1.55E+12
3.23646E+12   3.28648E+12   3.25043E+12   3.24891E+12   3.327E+12   3.32049E+12   3.31041E+12   3.35139E+12   3.43479E+12       3.53E+12   3.57E+12
3.90489E+11   4.03011E+11   4.32295E+11    4.4139E+11   4.556E+11   4.67441E+11   4.73432E+11   4.69429E+11   4.75693E+11       4.81E+11   5.13E+11
69886115840   70055288832   69305229312   73842073600   7.567E+10   77571301376   80903200768   83701301248   87384162304   82800000000    9.53E+10
1.35772E+11   1.42641E+11   1.46041E+11   1.49723E+11   1.536E+11   1.57378E+11   1.57567E+11   1.57641E+11   1.62254E+11       1.66E+11   1.75E+11
1.57463E+11   1.64699E+11   1.72361E+11   1.79023E+11   1.867E+11     1.903E+11   1.88977E+11   1.86465E+11   1.89456E+11        1.9E+11   2.01E+11
6.55671E+11   6.86166E+11   6.39133E+11   6.99764E+11   7.591E+11   7.88273E+11   8.43218E+11   8.69334E+11   9.10449E+11   9.48666E+11    9.96E+11
7.48145E+11   7.80084E+11   8.12759E+11   8.46643E+11   8.815E+11    9.1098E+11   9.28013E+11   9.56919E+11   9.82706E+11       1.01E+12   1.07E+12
2.02014E+11    2.0632E+11    2.1205E+11   2.20621E+11   2.297E+11    2.3248E+11   2.35596E+11   2.38406E+11    2.4413E+11       2.51E+11   2.75E+11
2.05982E+11   2.05986E+11   2.10521E+11   2.11507E+11   2.167E+11   2.24746E+11   2.29668E+11   2.19772E+11   2.24387E+11       2.29E+11   2.44E+11
1.38859E+12   1.42889E+12   1.45912E+12   1.52427E+12   1.573E+12   1.59865E+12   1.60964E+12   1.64476E+12   1.69582E+12       1.72E+12   1.83E+12
8.32192E+12   8.67437E+12   8.96209E+12   9.33271E+12   9.587E+12   9.69599E+12   9.96809E+12   1.02868E+13   1.07081E+13       1.11E+13   1.14E+13
Convention on Biodiversity, as of end-
         2007




                                Score
                                   10
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                                   10
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                                   10
                                   10
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                                   10
                                   10
                                    0




vention on Biological Diversity:
bd.int/information/parties.shtml United Nations
Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto Protocol:
tification, Bonn,
.int/files/essential_background/kyoto_protocol/applicati
ts.pdf
Environment      2007

                                                        Global climate                                                  Sustainable fisheries                 Biodiversity and global ecosystems
                                       % change in                              Consumption
                                          GHG                                     of ozone-                                          Ratification of      Imports of
                   GHG emissions/      emissions/                                 depleting    Kyoto Protocol                         UN Fisheries         selected
                      capita              GDP            Gasoline tax es         substances      ratification    Fishing subsidies     Agreement           species
Australia                      -0.7             4.8                   2.2                 4.6                0.0               3.8               10.0              10.0
Austria                         6.2             1.7                   4.3                 4.2               10.0              10.0               10.0                7.4
Belgium                         4.3             6.3                   5.9                 4.2               10.0               9.9               10.0                7.5
Canada                         -0.5             3.3                   1.6                 0.8               10.0               7.2               10.0                6.7
Denmark                         5.2             9.7                   4.3                 4.2               10.0             -34.0               10.0                7.2
Finland                         7.0             9.0                   5.2                 4.2               10.0               8.8               10.0                9.7
France                          6.7             7.1                   5.4                 4.2               10.0               9.3               10.0               -0.4
Germany                         5.2             5.6                   5.8                 4.2               10.0               9.9               10.0                1.8
Greece                          5.0             5.5                   3.7                 4.2               10.0               4.4               10.0                5.7
Ireland                         2.9            15.5                   3.9                 4.2               10.0               7.3               10.0              10.0
Italy                           6.7             0.6                   5.5                 4.2               10.0               7.5               10.0               -7.9
Japan                           5.9             1.8                   3.0                 0.6               10.0             -39.9               10.0                5.1
Netherlands                     4.6             7.4                   6.3                 4.2               10.0               9.7               10.0                7.4
New Zealand                     4.6             4.5                   2.7                 5.3               10.0              10.0               10.0                9.7
Norway                          7.6            13.7                   5.0                13.8               10.0             -23.3               10.0                9.3
Portugal                        6.5            -2.3                   6.8                 4.2               10.0               9.9               10.0                6.3
Spain                           6.0            -1.1                   4.3                 4.2               10.0              -0.6               10.0               -6.5
Sweden                          7.1            -0.9                   4.8                 4.2               10.0               0.6               10.0                7.7
Switzerland                     7.1             0.2                   3.1                10.0               10.0              10.0                0.0               -3.4
United Kingdom                  5.6             8.1                   6.0                 4.2               10.0              10.0               10.0                8.3
United States                   1.1             5.0                   0.6               (13.4)               0.0               9.2               10.0                1.9

Weight                          10%             15%                      15%             10%                 10%                   5%            5%                10%

Greenhouse gas emissions/capita, 2005
                                                        CO2 emission/energy conversion factors
                  Total Emissions of                                   Oil 19.94                             Gas 13.78                          Coal 24.12
                    CO2 CH4 N2O
                   HFCs PFCs SF6
                       including
                 emissions/removals                                                             Fuel use (million tons oil equivalent)
                 from land use, land-                                     Oil                                    Gas                               Coal
                      use change,       Of which:
                  forestry (LULUCF) emissions of
                    (thousand tons    CO2 from fossil
                   CO2 equivalent),    fuel burning
                         2004           only, 2004                   2004                2005               2004                 2005          2004               2005
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada                     838,907          651,956                  100.6              100.1                83.4                82.3           30.5               32.5
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece                     132,231          104,866                      21.3            20.9                 2.2                  2.3           9.0                9.0
Ireland
Italy
Japan                     1,260,296       1,190,889                  241.4              244.2                70.9                73.0          120.8              121.3
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Portugal
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
United Kingdom
United States

2003 CDI Average

For Canada, Greece, and Japan, 2005 figures are unvailable so 2005 values are estimated based on 2004 values and changes in fossil fuel use.
Source: Emissions figures from UNFCCC Greenhouse Gases Inventory Database (Common Reporting Format - CRF),
http://unfccc.int/national_reports/annex_i_ghg_inventories/national_inventories_submissions/items/3734.php - summary2 tables for each country;
fuel use figures from British Petroleum, BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2006 (London: 2006,
http://www.bp.com/productlanding.do?categoryId=6842&contentId=7021390, Historical Data Series
Growth rate of of greenhouse gas emissions/GDP, 1995-2005

                                                                                                                     Emissions of CO2 CH4 N2O HFCs PFCs SF6 CO NOX NMVOC SO2, 2002 (thousan
                 Average annual
               growth rate of GHG
                 emissions/PPP
                GDP, 1995-2005              Score                                        1995             1996               1997              1998              1999
Australia                    -2.0%                   4.8                              458,947          462,093            470,476           493,374           496,527
Austria                      -0.7%                   1.7                               65,585           73,905             64,402            65,484            59,073
Belgium                      -2.7%                   6.3                              150,757          155,044            146,355           151,524           145,760
Canada                       -1.4%                   3.3                              842,979          588,506            555,094           775,690           653,690
Denmark                      -4.1%                   9.7                               75,782           89,702             80,064            75,288            72,888
Finland                      -3.8%                   9.0                               56,156           54,411             59,081            56,314            54,877
France                       -3.0%                   7.1                              521,249          532,479            524,068           537,396           519,613
Germany                      -2.4%                   5.6                            1,064,492        1,083,493          1,045,941         1,019,724           987,956
Greece                       -2.3%                   5.5                              108,826          112,730            117,790           123,391           122,304
Ireland                      -6.6%                  15.5                               59,553           61,799             63,287            65,788            67,165
Italy                        -0.3%                   0.6                              428,643          418,600            431,908           446,188           444,726
Japan                        -0.8%                   1.8                            1,260,713        1,270,806          1,264,105         1,221,219         1,242,616
Netherlands                  -3.1%                   7.4                              227,271          235,267            228,462           229,891           217,769
New Zealand                  -1.9%                   4.5                               49,356           50,742             51,285            48,088            49,148
Norway                       -5.8%                  13.7                               35,933           38,400             38,745            33,099            33,884
Portugal                      1.0%                  -2.3                               69,519           65,610             68,888            73,293            81,200
Spain                         0.5%                  -1.1                              274,253          266,115            286,838           297,624           324,325
Sweden                        0.4%                  -0.9                               45,579           44,440             41,513            50,272            52,624
Switzerland                  -0.1%                   0.2                               47,842           49,377             48,308            51,176            47,516
United Kingdom               -3.4%                   8.1                              711,132          732,109            708,072           703,006           671,841
United States                -2.1%                   5.0                            5,742,196        5,998,526          5,994,090         6,111,008         6,148,244

2003 CDI Average                -2.1%

Note: These "least squares" growth rates are computed by fitting a line to the graph of log of emissions/GDP over time; with a constant growth rate, this relationship is linear.
Estimating growth rates this way reduces sensitivity to aberrations in the start and final year.
Source: Emissions figures from UNFCCC Greenhouse Gases Inventory Database (Common Reporting Format - CRF),
http://unfccc.int/national_reports/annex_i_ghg_inventories/national_inventories_submissions/items/3734.php - summary2 tables for each country.

Gasoline taxes, 2006

                                                                                                Taxes (PPP $/
                Grade                                      Price (PPP $/ liter)   Taxes/price       liter)            Score
Australia       Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $             0.96          37.80%   $          0.36               2.2
Austria         Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $             1.27          55.70%   $          0.71               4.3
Belgium         Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $             1.58          61.10%   $          0.97               5.9
Canada          Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $             0.86          30.30%   $          0.26               1.6
Denmark         Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $             1.14          62.10%   $          0.71               4.3
Finland         Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $             1.35          63.70%   $          0.86               5.2
France          Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $             1.39          64.00%   $          0.89               5.4
Germany         Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $             1.47          64.60%   $          0.95               5.8
Greece          Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $             1.25          49.00%   $          0.61               3.7
Ireland         Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $             1.11          57.00%   $          0.63               3.9
Italy           Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $             1.50          60.50%   $          0.91               5.5
Japan           Regular unleaded                           $             1.11          43.90%   $          0.49               3.0
Netherlands     Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $             1.63          63.80%   $          1.04               6.3
New Zealand     Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $             1.10          39.70%   $          0.44               2.7
Norway          Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $             1.32          62.70%   $          0.83               5.0
Portugal        Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $             1.87          59.80%   $          1.12               6.8
Spain           Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $             1.33          52.60%   $          0.70               4.3
Sweden          Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $             1.25          63.40%   $          0.80               4.8
Switzerland     Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $             0.98          51.80%   $          0.51               3.1
United Kingdom Premium unleaded (95 RON)                   $             1.48          66.60%   $          0.98               6.0
United States   Premium unleaded (95 RON)                  $             0.71          14.90%   $          0.11               0.6
Note: Data for Greece are from 2005.
2003 CDI Average                                                                                $         0.82

U.S. Consumer Price Index                                                                                195.3

Source: OECD, IEA, Energy Prices and Taxes, First Quarter 2007 (Paris: 2007); pg. 308-310 and 335-337; CPI from ftp://ftp.bls.gov/pub/special.requests/cpi/cpiai.txt.


Consumption of selected Ozone-Depleting Substances (in ODP Metric Tons), 2004

                    Consumption/        Standardized
                       person              score
Australia                     11.1                 4.6
Austria                       11.8                 4.2
Belgium                       11.8                 4.2
Canada                        18.8                 0.8
Denmark                       11.8                 4.2
Finland                       11.8                 4.2
France                        11.8                 4.2
Germany                       11.8                 4.2
Greece                          11.8               4.2
Ireland                         11.8               4.2
Italy                           11.8               4.2
Japan                           19.1               0.6
Netherlands                     11.8               4.2
New Zealand                      9.6               5.3
Norway                          (7.8)             13.8
Portugal                        11.8               4.2
Spain                           11.8               4.2
Sweden                          11.8               4.2
Switzerland                     (0.1)             10.0
United Kingdom                  11.8               4.2
United States                   47.6             -13.4

2003 CDI Average                 10.2


Consumption of selected Ozone-Depleting Substances (in ODP Metric Tons), 2004



                                        Bromochlorom         Carbon                                                             Methyl           Methyl
Country                 CFCs               ethane          Tetrachloride        Halons        HBFCs            HCFCs           Bromide         Chloroform
Australia                       -61.8              0.0                  0.0          -33.0            0.0           160.5            124.1               0.0
Canada                            0.0              0.0                  0.3            0.0            0.0           567.9              34.6              0.0
European Union                  195.8            -32.2               -887.7       -7,834.0            0.0         1,450.9          2,873.3               0.2
Japan                             0.0              0.0                 19.8            0.0            0.0         1,425.7          1,019.0            -541.8
New Zealand                      -1.1              0.0                  0.0            0.0            0.0            23.5              16.5              0.0
Norway                          -54.6       0.0000002                 -28.0          -20.6            0.0            17.5               1.4              0.0
Switzerland                     -19.0              0.0                  2.7            0.0            0.0            10.9               7.4              0.1
United States                 1,340.4              0.0                  9.4            0.0            0.0         6,280.2          6,353.3              11.1

Source: United Nations Environment Programme Ozone Secretariat, Nairobi, October 2004; Population Data: World
Development Indicators 2006


Ratification of Kyoto Protocol, as of end-2006

                            Ratified?            Score
Australia                           0                0
Austria                             1               10
Belgium                             1               10
Canada                              1               10
Denmark                             1               10
Finland                             1               10
France                              1               10
Germany                             1               10
Greece                              1               10
Ireland                             1               10
Italy                               1               10
Japan                               1               10
Netherlands                         1               10
New Zealand                         1               10
Norway                              1               10
Portugal                            1               10
Spain                               1               10
Sweden                              1               10
Switzerland                         1               10
United Kingdom                      1               10
United States                       0                0

Max                                 1

Source: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto Protocol: Status of Ratification, Bonn,
http://unfccc.int/files/essential_background/kyoto_protocol/application/pdf/kpstats.pdf.


Sustainable fisheries

                                                                                                                                              Ratification of
                                                                                                                                              UN Fisheries
                                                                                                                                               Agreement,
                                          Fishing subsidies/capita                                                                              end-2006
                  Fishing subsidies,        PPP                                               Fishing
                   2003 (million in      Conversion     Fishing subsidies      Population,   subsides/
                        LCU)             Rates-2003     2003 (Million in $)      2003        person ($)        Score
Australia                        98.0              1.4                 72.6     19,881,000             4.9               3.8                                    1
Austria                           0.0              0.0                   0.0     8,090,000             0.0              10.0                                    1
Belgium                           1.1              0.9                   1.2    10,376,000             0.1               9.9                                    1
Canada                           71.3              1.2                 57.5     31,630,000             2.3               7.2                                    1
Denmark                        188.5               8.5                 22.2      5,387,200            35.0             -34.0                                    1
Finland                           5.1              1.0                   5.2     5,212,000             1.0               8.8                                    1
France                            33.7               0.9                37.4     59,762,000                0.6                  9.3                                  1
Germany                            6.5               1.0                 6.8     82,541,000                0.1                  9.9                                  1
Greece                            49.5               0.7                72.8     11,033,000                4.5                  4.4                                  1
Ireland                            8.7               1.0                 8.5      3,994,000                2.2                  7.3                                  1
Italy                            112.8               0.8               134.3     57,646,267                2.0                  7.5                                  1
Japan                           5064.0             139.0                36.4    127,573,000               39.7                -39.9                                  1
Netherlands                        3.8               0.9                 4.1     16,221,800                0.2                  9.7                                  1
New Zealand                        0.0               1.5                 0.0      4,009,200                0.0                 10.0                                  1
Norway                           120.7               9.3                13.0      4,562,000               26.5                -23.3                                  1
Portugal                           0.6               0.7                 0.8     10,444,000                0.1                  9.9                                  1
Spain                            345.2               0.8               460.3     41,101,431                8.4                 -0.6                                  1
Sweden                            67.0               9.3                 7.2      8,956,000                7.5                  0.6                                  1
Switzerland                        0.0               0.0                 0.0      7,350,000                0.0                 10.0                                  0
United Kingdom                     0.1               0.6                 0.2     59,329,000                0.0                 10.0                                  1
United States                    179.1               1.0               179.1    290,810,000                0.6                  9.2                                  1

2003 CDI Average                                                                                          3.98                                  Max:                 1

                                                                                                                 Source: http://www.un.org/Depts/los/reference_files/chronological_lists_of_ratifications.htm
Souce: Review of Fisheries in OECD Countries: Policies and Summary Statistics, 2005;                             for the implementation of the provisions of the Convention relating to the conservation and
OECD                                                                                                             straddling fish stocks and highly migratory fish stocks
Note: Canada, Denmark, Germany, and UK fishing subsidies data for 2002.




Endangered species, biodiversity

                                                                                          Imports of selected species under the CITES Treaty, 2002




                                                                                                Live parrot                            Live lizard
Country               Crocodile skins      Lizard skins     Wild Cat skins      Snakeskins        Imports    Live coral imports         imports         Total imports
Australia                           0                  1                  15             25                0                148                   306              495
Austria                          5663              2,290                  14               2             868              4,523                    87            13447
Belgium                            13                  0                   3             48                0                                   16,845            16909
Canada                            278                224                   0            286            3,473             46,238                17,496            67995
Denmark                          1761                  0                1089             67                0              4,705                 2,145             9767
Finland                             2                  0                  79               0               1                955                     3             1040
France                         194445             68,456                 567          9,064           30,981             76,566                21,508           401587
Germany                         56913             50,217                 456        159,409            3,602           123,000                 41,323           434920
Greece                              0                  0                2343               0          17,170              2,077                 8,048            29638
Ireland                             0                  0                   2               0              42                                                        44
Italy                           89110             72,882               31794        330,999           51,086             54,367              38,077             668315
Japan                           78693            126,199                1365         86,030           17,489             63,937              31,567             405280
Netherlands                         0                 10                  40               0               0             18,825               8,515              27390
New Zealand                        79                 18                   0             10                0                723                   0                830
Norway                              4                  1                  24               3           1,849                154                   4               2039
Portugal                            0                  0                   0               0          19,732              2,727               2,552              25011
Spain                           31715            157,206                 306        115,548           34,436             12,484              74,642             426337
Sweden                              0                  0                   1               5               0             10,816               2,451              13273
Switzerland                     32074             25,755                  32               0             174              5,353                 394              63782
United Kingdom                    279                  3                9998               0          17,798             34,065               4,073              66216
United States                       0             77,339                   0         14,190           32,759           605,998              769,501            1499787

2003 CDI Average

Source: World Resources Institute 2005. EarthTrends: The Environmental Information Portal. Available at
http://earthtrends.wri.org/searchable_db/index.php?theme=7




Tropical timber

                                         Gross timber imports from tropical countries, 2005
                                                                               Imports/capita
                   Imports of wood                                               with Europe
Country              and cork ($)           Population   Imports/capita         averaged out      Score
Australia         $    282,411,817           20,111,000 $              14.04 $          14.04              4.9
Austria           $     21,896,879            8,173,256 $               2.68 $          14.02              4.9
Belgium           $    524,351,429           10,421,121 $              50.32 $          14.02              4.9
Canada            $    216,188,945           31,974,364 $               6.76 $           6.76              7.6
Denmark           $    106,815,906            5,404,496 $              19.76 $          14.02              4.9
Finland           $     15,407,066            5,228,143 $               2.95 $          14.02              4.9
France            $    730,101,605           60,380,328 $              12.09 $          14.02              4.9
Germany           $    521,300,000           82,516,248 $               6.32 $          14.02              4.9
Greece           $      65,320,890     11,056,838   $    5.91   $   14.02   4.9
Ireland          $     107,212,934      4,068,246   $   26.35   $   14.02   4.9
Italy            $     712,198,264     57,573,184   $   12.37   $   14.02   4.9
Japan            $   3,206,493,126    127,764,360   $   25.10   $   25.10   0.9
Netherlands      $     469,198,453     16,281,733   $   28.82   $   14.02   4.9
New Zealand      $      31,810,238      4,061,000   $    7.83   $    7.83   7.2
Norway           $      53,861,049      4,591,081   $   11.73   $   14.02   4.9
Portugal         $     172,139,931     10,501,965   $   16.39   $   14.02   4.9
Spain            $     443,899,085     42,690,244   $   10.40   $   14.02   4.9
Sweden           $      42,057,067      8,991,994   $    4.68   $   14.02   4.9
Switzerland      $      21,678,972      7,389,581   $    2.93   $   14.02   4.9
United Kingdom   $     636,124,027     59,866,864   $   10.63   $   14.02   4.9
United States    $   3,723,114,042    293,655,392   $   12.68   $   12.68   5.4

2003 CDI Average                                                $   13.86

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, COMTRADE database.
Biodiversity and global ecosystems


                              Tropical wood
          CBD ratification       imports       Overall score
                      10.0               4.9                4.4
                      10.0               4.9                5.9
                      10.0               4.9                6.7
                      10.0               7.6                4.9
                      10.0               4.9                4.8
                      10.0               4.9                7.4
                      10.0               4.9                6.1
                      10.0               4.9                6.1
                      10.0               4.9                5.8
                      10.0               4.9                7.7
                      10.0               4.9                4.3
                      10.0               0.9                2.0
                      10.0               4.9                6.9
                      10.0               7.2                6.6
                      10.0               4.9                7.5
                      10.0               4.9                5.6
                      10.0               4.9                3.6
                      10.0               4.9                5.3
                      10.0               4.9                4.6
                      10.0               4.9                7.2
                        0.0              5.4                1.6

                       5%              15%




                                                                     GHG
                                                                  emissions/
           Emissions of                                             capita,
          CO2 from fossil Greenhouse                              2005 (tons
           fuel burning, gas emissions,                              CO2
            2005 (est)        2005        Population, 2005        equivalent)   Score
                                522,189         20,090,437             26.0             -0.7
                                  76,253          8,184,691              9.3             6.2
                                143,478         10,364,388             13.8              4.3
                 655,829        842,780         32,805,041             25.7             -0.5
                                  64,033          5,432,335            11.8              5.2
                                  38,308          5,223,442              7.3             7.0
                                495,440         60,656,178               8.2             6.7
                                965,400         82,431,390             11.7              5.2
                 103,837        131,202         10,668,354             12.3              5.0
                                  69,288          4,015,676            17.3              2.9
                                471,530         58,103,033               8.1             6.7
               1,204,137      1,273,544       127,417,244              10.0              5.9
                                214,475         16,407,491             13.1              4.6
                                   52,658         4,035,461            13.0              4.6
                                   26,934         4,593,041              5.9             7.6
                                   89,465       10,566,212               8.5             6.5
                                  390,972       40,341,462               9.7             6.0
                                   63,042         9,001,774              7.0             7.1
                                   53,387         7,489,370              7.1             7.1
                                  655,361       60,441,457             10.8              5.6
                                6,431,935     295,734,134              21.7              1.1

                                                                       12.2
 HFCs PFCs SF6 CO NOX NMVOC SO2, 2002 (thousand tons CO2 equivalent)




                                    2000        2001        2002      2003        2004    2005
                                 510,200     518,287     525,422   505,537     523,350     522,189
                                  64,772      65,947      71,216    76,018      74,215      76,253
                                 145,979     144,139     142,719   146,323     146,478     143,478
                                 594,115     597,730     731,670   742,425     838,907     842,780
                                  71,298      70,468      68,404    73,253      66,688      64,033
                                  53,722      56,018      58,369    67,389      62,635      38,308
                                 526,735     521,477     502,960   501,105     500,295     495,440
                                 985,832   1,002,029     982,587   995,404     989,126     965,400
                                 128,797     127,990     127,561   131,755     132,231     131,202
                                  69,235      70,942      68,845    68,509      68,465      69,288
                                 455,975     449,426     445,480   462,482     475,868     471,530
                               1,260,566   1,235,780   1,267,663 1,263,346   1,260,296   1,273,544
                                 216,850     218,594     218,104   219,222     220,800     214,475
                                  50,081      52,541      52,362    52,942      51,737      52,658
                                  28,237      27,443      25,633    29,036      29,387      26,934
                                  78,476      80,449      85,110    92,831      86,983      89,465
                                 335,945     336,680     353,847   360,057     373,672     390,972
                                  35,585      42,231      43,175    48,464      64,248      63,042
                                  52,972      51,893      51,067    54,447      52,215      53,387
                                 673,541     676,445     655,820   661,530     658,511     655,361
                               6,390,514   6,259,501   6,252,682 6,292,271   6,378,871   6,431,935




 ate, this relationship is linear.



y.




al.requests/cpi/cpiai.txt.
                  Total CFCs,
 Other Fully        HCFCs,
Halogenated         Methyl                      Consumpti
   CFCs            Bromide        Population    on/ capita
            0.0           222.8      20,111,000       11.1
            0.0           602.5      31,974,364       18.8
      -1,441.0          4,520.0     383,154,659       11.8
            0.0         2,444.7     127,764,360       19.1
            0.0            38.9       4,061,000        9.6
            0.0           -35.7       4,591,081       -7.8
            0.0            -0.7       7,389,581       -0.1
            0.0       13,973.9      293,655,392       47.6




        Score
           10
           10
           10
           10
           10
           10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                   0
                                  10
                                  10



os/reference_files/chronological_lists_of_ratifications.htm # Agreement
sions of the Convention relating to the conservation and management of
 igratory fish stocks




                                                                           Approval of Convention on Biodiversity, as of end-
002                                                                                             2002




                       Population   Imports/ capita         Score                                 Ratified?
                       19,546,792.0            0.0                  10.0   Australia                      1
                        8,148,312.0            1.7                   7.4   Austria                        1
                       10,311,970.0            1.6                   7.5   Belgium                        1
                       31,902,268.0            2.1                   6.7   Canada                         1
                        5,374,693.0            1.8                   7.2   Denmark                        1
                        5,193,039.0            0.2                   9.7   Finland                        1
                       59,925,035.0            6.7                  -0.4   France                         1
                       82,350,671.0            5.3                   1.8   Germany                        1
                       10,603,863.0            2.8                   5.7   Greece                         1
                        3,879,155.0            0.0                  10.0   Ireland                        1
                       57,926,999.0           11.5                  -7.9   Italy                          1
                      127,065,841.0            3.2                   5.1   Japan                          1
                       16,122,830.0            1.7                   7.4   Netherlands                    1
                        3,908,037.0            0.2                   9.7   New Zealand                    1
                        4,535,591.0            0.4                   9.3   Norway                         1
                       10,433,867.0            2.4                   6.3   Portugal                       1
                       40,152,517.0           10.6                  -6.5   Spain                          1
                        8,954,175.0            1.5                   7.7   Sweden                         1
                        7,361,757.0            8.7                  -3.4   Switzerland                    1
                       59,912,431.0            1.1                   8.3   United Kingdom                 1
                      287,675,526.0            5.2                   1.9   United States                  0

                                                3.2                        Max                           1

                                                                           Source: Convention on Biological Diversity:
                                                                           http://www.cbd.int/information/parties.shtml
                                                                           United Nations Framework Convention on
                                                                           Climate Change, Kyoto Protocol: Status of
                                                                           Ratification, Bonn,
                                                                           http://unfccc.int/files/essential_background/kyoto
                                                                           _protocol/application/pdf/kpstats.pdf.
                                                               PPP GDP (2000 $)




   1995          1996          1997          1998          1999        2000          2001          2002           2003         2004         2005
4.07247E+11   4.21498E+11   4.38516E+11   4.61277E+11   4.776E+11    4.8682E+11    5.0523E+11   5.22117E+11   5.41966E+11   5.60614E+11   5.75E+11
2.00519E+11   2.04307E+11   2.09068E+11     2.167E+11   2.251E+11   2.32238E+11   2.35044E+11   2.35869E+11   2.37427E+11   2.42451E+11   2.47E+11
2.44062E+11     2.471E+11   2.55693E+11   2.60491E+11    2.69E+11    2.7991E+11   2.82183E+11   2.83061E+11   2.88012E+11   2.97824E+11   3.02E+11
6.91754E+11   7.02099E+11   7.29888E+11   7.60886E+11   8.044E+11   8.39682E+11   8.56595E+11   8.81331E+11   8.95488E+11   9.18699E+11   9.49E+11
1.33335E+11   1.36784E+11   1.41008E+11   1.43926E+11   1.474E+11   1.53528E+11   1.54408E+11   1.55421E+11    1.5528E+11   1.58517E+11   1.63E+11
1.07588E+11   1.10868E+11   1.16744E+11   1.23103E+11   1.261E+11   1.32272E+11   1.32843E+11   1.35121E+11   1.40008E+11   1.43915E+11   1.47E+11
1.32826E+12   1.33812E+12    1.3684E+12   1.41586E+12   1.452E+12    1.5135E+12   1.54743E+12   1.58055E+12   1.59033E+12   1.62597E+12   1.64E+12
1.89289E+12    1.9076E+12   1.94588E+12   1.99164E+12   2.032E+12   2.09483E+12   2.12293E+12   2.12867E+12   2.11744E+12   2.14646E+12   2.16E+12
1.56694E+11   1.60973E+11    1.6681E+11   1.72575E+11   1.809E+11   1.89866E+11   1.99484E+11   2.07077E+11   2.16903E+11   2.25641E+11   2.34E+11
69684273152   74883465216   84268769280   92567740416   1.059E+11   1.16427E+11   1.25852E+11     1.369E+11   1.40092E+11   1.45172E+11   1.52E+11
1.32295E+12   1.33308E+12   1.35379E+12   1.37962E+12   1.397E+12   1.44194E+12   1.46594E+12   1.47283E+12   1.47631E+12    1.4911E+12   1.49E+12
3.13832E+12   3.23646E+12   3.28648E+12   3.25043E+12   3.249E+12   3.32651E+12   3.32049E+12   3.31041E+12   3.35139E+12   3.43479E+12   3.53E+12
3.76357E+11   3.90489E+11   4.03011E+11   4.32295E+11   4.414E+11   4.55628E+11   4.67441E+11   4.73432E+11   4.69429E+11   4.75693E+11   4.81E+11
66785816576   69886115840   70055288832   69305229312   7.384E+10   75670528000   77571301376   80903200768   83701301248   87384162304   8.28E+10
1.29141E+11   1.35772E+11   1.42641E+11   1.46041E+11   1.497E+11   1.53627E+11   1.57378E+11   1.57567E+11   1.57641E+11   1.62254E+11   1.66E+11
1.51463E+11   1.57463E+11   1.64699E+11   1.72361E+11    1.79E+11   1.86675E+11     1.903E+11   1.88977E+11   1.86465E+11   1.89456E+11    1.9E+11
 7.2728E+11   7.48145E+11   7.80084E+11   8.12759E+11   8.466E+11   8.81471E+11    9.1098E+11   9.28013E+11   9.56919E+11   9.82706E+11   1.01E+12
1.99478E+11   2.02014E+11    2.0632E+11    2.1205E+11   2.206E+11   2.29706E+11    2.3248E+11   2.35596E+11   2.38406E+11    2.4413E+11   2.51E+11
2.05653E+11   2.05982E+11   2.05986E+11   2.10521E+11   2.115E+11   2.16685E+11   2.24746E+11   2.29668E+11   2.19772E+11   2.24387E+11   2.29E+11
1.35294E+12   1.38859E+12   1.42889E+12   1.45912E+12   1.524E+12   1.57316E+12   1.59865E+12   1.60964E+12   1.64476E+12   1.69582E+12   1.72E+12
8.03249E+12   8.32192E+12   8.67437E+12   8.96209E+12   9.333E+12    9.5872E+12   9.69599E+12   9.96809E+12   1.02868E+13   1.07081E+13   1.11E+13
Convention on Biodiversity, as of end-
         2002




                               Score
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                  10
                                   0




vention on Biological Diversity:
bd.int/information/parties.shtml
ns Framework Convention on
nge, Kyoto Protocol: Status of
Bonn,
.int/files/essential_background/kyoto
plication/pdf/kpstats.pdf.
Environment

                                                  Global climate                                               Sustainable fisheries                 Biodiversity and global ecosystems
                                     % change in                       Consumption
                                        GHG                              of ozone-                                          Ratification of      Imports of
               GHG emissions/        emissions/    Gasoline tax          depleting    Kyoto Protocol                         UN Fisheries         selected
                  capita                GDP              es             substances      ratification    Fishing subsidies     Agreement           species
Australia                 -0.7                4.8            2.5                 4.6                0.0               6.0               10.0              10.0
Austria                    6.2                1.7            4.6                 4.2               10.0              10.0               10.0                7.4
Belgium                    4.3                6.3            6.3                 4.2               10.0               9.9               10.0                7.5
Canada                    -0.5                3.3            1.7                 0.8               10.0              -0.2               10.0                6.7
Denmark                    5.2                9.7            6.1                 4.2               10.0              -0.7               10.0                7.2
Finland                    7.0                9.0            6.3                 4.2               10.0               9.3               10.0                9.7
France                     6.7                7.1            6.0                 4.2               10.0               9.2               10.0               -0.4
Germany                    5.2                5.6            6.4                 4.2               10.0               9.9               10.0                1.8
Greece                     5.0                5.5            3.3                 4.2               10.0               1.4               10.0                5.7
Ireland                    2.9               15.5            4.9                 4.2               10.0               8.1               10.0              10.0
Italy                      6.7                0.6            5.9                 4.2               10.0               7.8               10.0               -7.9
Japan                      5.9                1.8            3.2                 0.6               10.0               9.6               10.0                5.1
Netherlands                4.6                7.4            6.9                 4.2               10.0              10.0               10.0                7.4
New Zealand                4.6                4.5            2.5                 5.3               10.0              10.0               10.0                9.7
Norway                     7.6               13.7            6.8                13.8               10.0               5.3               10.0                9.3
Portugal                   6.5               -2.3            6.0                 4.2               10.0               9.9               10.0                6.3
Spain                      6.0               -1.1            4.1                 4.2               10.0               0.5               10.0               -6.5
Sweden                     7.1               -0.9            6.0                 4.2               10.0               9.3               10.0                7.7
Switzerland                7.1                0.2            4.1                10.0               10.0              10.0                0.0               -3.4
United Kingdom             5.6                8.1            6.8                 4.2               10.0              10.0               10.0                8.3
United States              1.1                5.0            0.6               (13.4)               0.0               0.0               10.0                1.9

Brazil                         4.4             5.9             3.9               6.4              10.0                                 10.0
China                          7.6            11.1             0.5              (1.5)             10.0                                  0.0
India                          9.1             6.9             2.4               8.1              10.0                                 10.0
Russia                         4.4            11.1             1.0               7.3              10.0                                 10.0

Weight                        10%             15%              15%              10%               10%                   0%              5%                 0%

Greenhouse gas emissions/capita, 2005
                                                      CO2 emission/energy conversion factors
                  Total Emissions                               Oil 19.94                          Gas 13.78                           Coal 24.12
                 of CO2 CH4 N2O
                 HFCs PFCs SF6
                       including
                 emissions/remov                                                        Fuel use (million tons oil equivalent)
                 als from land use,                                  Oil                               Gas                                Coal
                 land-use change,     Of which:
                        forestry     emissions of
                      (LULUCF)      CO2 from fossil
                   (thousand tons    fuel burning
                 CO2 equivalent),     only, 2004              2004              2005              2004                2005            2004               2005
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada                   838,907          651,956             100.6            100.1              83.4                 82.3            30.5               32.5
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece                   132,231          104,866              21.3             20.9                2.2                 2.3             9.0                9.0
Ireland
Italy
Japan                   1,260,296       1,190,889             241.4            244.2              70.9                 73.0           120.8              121.3
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Portugal
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
United Kingdom
United States

Brazil
China
India
Russia

2003 CDI Average

For Canada, Greece, and Japan, 2005 figures are unvailable so 2005 values are estimated based on 2004 values and changes in fossil fuel use.
Source: Emissions figures from UNFCCC Greenhouse Gases Inventory Database (Common Reporting Format - CRF),
http://unfccc.int/national_reports/annex_i_ghg_inventories/national_inventories_submissions/items/3734.php - summary2 tables for each
country; fuel use figures from British Petroleum, BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2006 (London: 2006,
http://www.bp.com/productlanding.do?categoryId=6842&contentId=7021390, Historical Data Series
Population data is from US Census Bureau (http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idb/tables.html)

Note: Data for GHG emissions for BRIC countries is taken from World Resource Institute
(http://earthtrends.wri.org/searchable_db/index.php?theme=3)
The data for CO2 emissions from fossil fuel burning for BRIC countries is taken from CDIAC (http://cdiac.ornl.gov/) and multiplied with
3.67 in order to convert the unit of "metric ton of Carbon" to the unit of "metric ton of CO2".
Growth rate of of greenhouse gas emissions/GDP, 1995-2005

               Average annual                                                                                 Emissions of CO2 CH4 N2O HFCs PFCs SF6 CO NOX NMVOC SO2, 2002 (thousand tons
                growth rate of
                    GHG
               emissions/PPP
               GDP, 1995-2005             Score                                   1995              1996              1997              1998              1999
Australia                 -2.0%                    4.8                         458,947           462,093           470,476           493,374           496,527
Austria                   -0.7%                    1.7                          65,585            73,905            64,402            65,484            59,073
Belgium                   -2.7%                    6.3                         150,757           155,044           146,355           151,524           145,760
Canada                    -1.4%                    3.3                         842,979           588,506           555,094           775,690           653,690
Denmark                   -4.1%                    9.7                          75,782            89,702            80,064            75,288            72,888
Finland                   -3.8%                    9.0                          56,156            54,411            59,081            56,314            54,877
France                    -3.0%                    7.1                         521,249           532,479           524,068           537,396           519,613
Germany                   -2.4%                    5.6                       1,064,492         1,083,493         1,045,941         1,019,724           987,956
Greece                    -2.3%                    5.5                         108,826           112,730           117,790           123,391           122,304
Ireland                   -6.6%                   15.5                          59,553            61,799            63,287            65,788            67,165
Italy                     -0.3%                    0.6                         428,643           418,600           431,908           446,188           444,726
Japan                     -0.8%                    1.8                       1,260,713         1,270,806         1,264,105         1,221,219         1,242,616
Netherlands               -3.1%                    7.4                         227,271           235,267           228,462           229,891           217,769
New Zealand               -1.9%                    4.5                          49,356            50,742            51,285            48,088            49,148
Norway                    -5.8%                   13.7                          35,933            38,400            38,745            33,099            33,884
Portugal                   1.0%                   -2.3                          69,519            65,610            68,888            73,293            81,200
Spain                      0.5%                   -1.1                         274,253           266,115           286,838           297,624           324,325
Sweden                     0.4%                   -0.9                          45,579            44,440            41,513            50,272            52,624
Switzerland               -0.1%                    0.2                          47,842            49,377            48,308            51,176            47,516
United Kingdom            -3.4%                    8.1                         711,132           732,109           708,072           703,006           671,841
United States             -2.1%                    5.0                       5,742,196         5,998,526         5,994,090         6,111,008         6,148,244

Brazil                        -2.5%                5.9                       2,269,268         2,256,152        2,250,455         2,241,374         2,233,303
China                         -4.7%               11.1                     4,794,031.40         4,954,482        4,936,605         4,893,212         4,900,032
India                         -2.9%                6.9                     1,570,438.70         1,640,223        1,700,170         1,726,358         1,812,009
Russia                        -4.7%               11.1                     2,141,029.40         2,083,422        1,993,781         1,927,080         1,954,370

2003 CDI Average              -2.1%


Note: These "least squares" growth rates are computed by fitting a line to the graph of log of emissions/GDP over time; with a constant growth rate, this relationship is linear.
Estimating growth rates this way reduces sensitivity to aberrations in the start and final year.
The GHG emissions data for BRIC countries from 1990 to 2000 is imputed based on the available data with 5 years of interval.
Source: Emissions figures from UNFCCC Greenhouse Gases Inventory Database (Common Reporting Format - CRF),
http://unfccc.int/national_reports/annex_i_ghg_inventories/national_inventories_submissions/items/3734.php - summary2 tables for each country;
The emissions data for BRIC countries is taken from World Resource Institute (http://earthtrends.wri.org/searchable_db/index.php?theme=3) and GDP, PPP is from WDI

Gasoline taxes, 2006

                                                         Price (PPP $/                    Taxes (PPP $/                        Price before
               Grade                                          liter)       Taxes/price        liter)           Score              Taxes
Australia      Premium unleaded (95 RON)                 $          1.00        37.80%    $          0.38              2.5   $          0.62
Austria        Premium unleaded (95 RON)                 $          1.37        55.70%    $          0.76              4.6   $          0.61
Belgium        Premium unleaded (95 RON)                 $          1.70        61.10%    $          1.04              6.3   $          0.66
Canada         Premium unleaded (95 RON)                 $          0.93        30.30%    $          0.28              1.7   $          0.65
Denmark        Premium unleaded (95 RON)                 $          1.61        62.10%    $          1.00              6.1   $          0.61
Finland        Premium unleaded (95 RON)                 $          1.62        63.70%    $          1.03              6.3   $          0.59
France         Premium unleaded (95 RON)                 $          1.55        64.00%    $          0.99              6.0   $          0.56
Germany        Premium unleaded (95 RON)                 $          1.62        64.60%    $          1.04              6.4   $          0.57
Greece         Premium unleaded (95 RON)                 $          1.09        49.00%    $          0.53              3.3   $          0.56
Ireland        Premium unleaded (95 RON)                 $          1.40        57.00%    $          0.80              4.9   $          0.60
Italy          Premium unleaded (95 RON)                 $          1.61        60.50%    $          0.98              5.9   $          0.64
Japan          Regular unleaded                          $          1.18        43.90%    $          0.52              3.2   $          0.66
Netherlands    Premium unleaded (95 RON)                 $          1.78        63.80%    $          1.13              6.9   $          0.64
New Zealand    Premium unleaded (95 RON)                 $          1.05        39.70%    $          0.42              2.5   $          0.63
Norway         Premium unleaded (95 RON)                 $          1.79        62.70%    $          1.12              6.8   $          0.67
Portugal       Premium unleaded (95 RON)                 $          1.64        59.80%    $          0.98              6.0   $          0.66
Spain          Premium unleaded (95 RON)                 $          1.28        52.60%    $          0.67              4.1   $          0.61
Sweden         Premium unleaded (95 RON)                 $          1.56        63.40%    $          0.99              6.0   $          0.57
Switzerland    Premium unleaded (95 RON)                 $          1.31        51.80%    $          0.68              4.1   $          0.63
United Kingdom Premium unleaded (95 RON)                 $          1.68        66.60%    $          1.12              6.8   $          0.56
United States  Premium unleaded (95 RON)                 $          0.71        14.90%    $          0.11              0.6   $          0.60

Brazil           Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $        1.26          51.45%    $         0.65               3.9
China            Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $        0.69          11.35%    $         0.08               0.5
India            Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $        1.01          39.43%    $         0.40               2.4
Russia           Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $        0.77          20.56%    $         0.16               1.0
                                                                                                                              Rich-country
                                                                                                                             average pre-tax
                                                                                                                             price             $          0.61
2003 CDI Average                                                                          $         0.82
Note: Data for Greece are from 2005.

U.S. Consumer Price Index                                                                          195.3
Source: OECD, IEA, Energy Prices and Taxes, First Quarter 2007 (Paris: 2007), pp. 308-10, 335-37; CPI from
ftp://ftp.bls.gov/pub/special.requests/cpi/cpiai.txt; BRICs fuel prices from Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ), International Fuel
Prices 2007 (Bonn: 2007).


Consumption of selected Ozone-Depleting Substances (in ODP Metric Tons), 2004

                   Consumption/       Standardized
                      person             score
Australia                    11.1                4.6
Austria                      11.8                4.2
Belgium                      11.8                4.2
Canada                       18.8                0.8
Denmark                      11.8                4.2
Finland                      11.8                4.2
France                       11.8                4.2
Germany                      11.8                4.2
Greece                       11.8                4.2
Ireland                      11.8                4.2
Italy                        11.8                4.2
Japan                        19.1                0.6
Netherlands                  11.8                4.2
New Zealand                   9.6                5.3
Norway                       (7.8)             13.8
Portugal                     11.8                4.2
Spain                        11.8                4.2
Sweden                       11.8                4.2
Switzerland                  (0.1)             10.0
United Kingdom               11.8                4.2
United States                47.6             -13.4

Brazil                         7.3                 6.4
China                         23.5                -1.5
India                          4.0                 8.1
Russia                         5.4                 7.3

2003 CDI Average               10.2


Consumption of selected Ozone-Depleting Substances (in ODP Metric Tons), 2004



                                      Bromochlorom     Carbon                                                                 Methyl            Methyl
Country                CFCs              ethane      Tetrachloride      Halons           HBFCs             HCFCs             Bromide          Chloroform
Australia                     -61.8              0.0            0.0          -33.0                0.0           160.5              124.1                0.0
Canada                          0.0              0.0            0.3            0.0                0.0           567.9                34.6               0.0
European Union                195.8            -32.2        -887.7        -7,834.0                0.0         1,450.9            2,873.3                0.2
Japan                           0.0              0.0          19.8             0.0                0.0         1,425.7            1,019.0             -541.8
New Zealand                    -1.1              0.0            0.0            0.0                0.0            23.5                16.5               0.0
Norway                        -54.6       0.0000002          -28.0           -20.6                0.0            17.5                 1.4               0.0
Switzerland                   -19.0              0.0            2.7            0.0                0.0            10.9                 7.4               0.1
United States               1,340.4              0.0            9.4            0.0                0.0         6,280.2            6,353.3               11.1

Brazil                       477.8                 0.0          0.1             2.0               0.0             874.4              76.8               0.0
China                     13,123.8                 0.0      1,060.3         4,516.5               0.0          11,978.0             601.5             186.6
India                      1,957.8                 0.0      1,644.0             0.0               0.0             724.5               0.0               0.0
Russia                       349.0                 0.0        -77.9             0.0               0.0             505.0               0.0               0.0

Source: United Nations Environment Programme Ozone Secretariat, Nairobi, October 2004; Population Data: World
Development Indicators 2006


Ratification of Kyoto Protocol, as of end-2006

                          Ratified?              Score
Australia                         0                  0
Austria                           1                 10
Belgium                           1                 10
Canada                            1                 10
Denmark                           1                 10
Finland                           1                 10
France                            1                 10
Germany                           1                 10
Greece                            1                 10
Ireland                           1                 10
Italy                             1                 10
Japan                             1                 10
Netherlands                       1                 10
New Zealand                       1                 10
Norway                            1                 10
Portugal                          1                 10
Spain                               1              10
Sweden                              1              10
Switzerland                         1              10
United Kingdom                      1              10
United States                       0               0

Brazil                              1              10
China                               1              10
India                               1              10
Russia                              1              10

Max                                 1

Source: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto Protocol: Status of Ratification, Bonn,
http://unfccc.int/files/essential_background/kyoto_protocol/application/pdf/kpstats.pdf.


Sustainable fisheries

                                        Fishing subsidies/capita                                             Ratification of UN
                                                          Fishing                                                Fisheries
               Fishing subsidies,       Population,      subsides/                                           Agreement, end-
                2003 (million $)           2003         person ($)         Score                                    2006                   Score
Australia                      64         19,881,000              3.2               6.0                                       1               10
Austria                          0         8,090,000              0.0              10.0                                       1               10
Belgium                          1        10,376,000              0.1               9.9                                       1               10
Canada                       257          31,630,000              8.1              -0.2                                       1               10
Denmark                        46          5,387,200              8.5              -0.7                                       1               10
Finland                          3         5,212,000              0.6               9.3                                       1               10
France                         38         59,762,000              0.6               9.2                                       1               10
Germany                          5        82,541,000              0.1               9.9                                       1               10
Greece                         75         11,033,000              6.8               1.4                                       1               10
Ireland                          6         3,994,000              1.5               8.1                                       1               10
Italy                        100          57,646,267              1.7               7.8                                       1               10
Japan                          44        127,573,000              0.3               9.6                                       1               10
Netherlands                      0        16,221,800              0.0              10.0                                       1               10
New Zealand                      0         4,009,200              0.0              10.0                                       1               10
Norway                         17          4,562,000              3.7               5.3                                       1               10
Portugal                         1        10,444,000              0.1               9.9                                       1               10
Spain                        309          41,101,431              7.5               0.5                                       1               10
Sweden                           5         8,956,000              0.6               9.3                                       1               10
Switzerland                      0         7,350,000              0.0              10.0                                       0                0
United Kingdom                   0        59,329,000              0.0              10.0                                       1               10
United States                180         290,810,000              0.6               9.2                                       1               10

Brazil                                                                                                                       1                10
China                                                                                                                        0                 0
India                                                                                                                        1                10
Russia                                                                                                                       1                10

2003 CDI Average                                                 3.98                                 Max:                   1

                                                                                                             Source: http://www.un.org/Depts/los/reference_files/chronological_lists_of_ratifications.htm # Agre
Souce: Review of Fisheries in OECD Countries: Policies and Summary Statistics,                               for the implementation of the provisions of the Convention relating to the conservation and manage
2005; OECD                                                                                                   straddling fish stocks and highly migratory fish stocks
Note: Canada, Denmark, Germany, and UK fishing subsidies data for 2002.




Endangered species, biodiversity

                                                                                          Imports of selected species under the CITES Treaty, 2002




                                                                                             Live parrot                           Live lizard
Country           Crocodile skins       Lizard skins    Wild Cat skins   Snakeskins            Imports    Live coral imports        imports         Total imports
Australia                      0                   1                15            25                    0                148                  306              495
Austria                     5663               2,290                14              2                 868              4,523                   87            13447
Belgium                       13                   0                 3            48                    0                                  16,845            16909
Canada                       278                 224                 0           286                3,473             46,238               17,496            67995
Denmark                     1761                   0             1089             67                    0              4,705                2,145             9767
Finland                        2                   0                79              0                   1                955                    3             1040
France                    194445              68,456              567          9,064               30,981             76,566               21,508           401587
Germany                    56913              50,217              456        159,409                3,602           123,000                41,323           434920
Greece                         0                   0             2343               0              17,170              2,077                8,048            29638
Ireland                        0                   0                 2              0                  42                                                       44
Italy                      89110              72,882           31794         330,999               51,086             54,367             38,077             668315
Japan                      78693             126,199             1365         86,030               17,489             63,937             31,567             405280
Netherlands                    0                  10                40              0                   0             18,825              8,515              27390
New Zealand                   79                  18                 0            10                    0                723                  0                830
Norway                          4               1              24              3             1,849            154         4      2039
Portugal                        0               0               0              0            19,732          2,727     2,552     25011
Spain                       31715         157,206             306        115,548            34,436         12,484    74,642    426337
Sweden                          0               0               1              5                 0         10,816     2,451     13273
Switzerland                 32074          25,755              32              0               174          5,353       394     63782
United Kingdom                279               3            9998              0            17,798         34,065     4,073     66216
United States                   0          77,339               0         14,190            32,759        605,998   769,501   1499787

Brazil                     -6,537              114             -2           9,194              983          3,358         1     7,111
China                      53,424            9,847        -23,817           6,313          -53,326          4,682     3,944     1,067
India                           4                               1            -100               75                      -10       -30
Russia                         26                1            950             361              780         11,580      1065    14,763

2003 CDI Average

Source: World Resources Institute 2005. EarthTrends: The Environmental Information Portal. Available at
http://earthtrends.wri.org/searchable_db/index.php?theme=7




Tropical timber

                              Gross timber imports from tropical countries, 2005
                                                                 Imports/capita
               Imports of wood                                    with Europe
Country          and cork ($)     Population   Imports/capita averaged out              Score
Australia      $ 282,411,817      20,111,000.0 $        14.04 $          14.04                   4.9
Austria        $    21,896,879     8,173,255.5 $          2.68 $         14.02                   4.9
Belgium        $ 524,351,429      10,421,121.0 $        50.32 $          14.02                   4.9
Canada         $ 216,188,945      31,974,364.0 $          6.76 $          6.76                   7.6
Denmark        $ 106,815,906       5,404,495.5 $        19.76 $          14.02                   4.9
Finland        $    15,407,066     5,228,143.0 $          2.95 $         14.02                   4.9
France         $ 730,101,605      60,380,328.0 $        12.09 $          14.02                   4.9
Germany        $ 521,300,000      82,516,248.0 $          6.32 $         14.02                   4.9
Greece         $    65,320,890    11,056,838.0 $          5.91 $         14.02                   4.9
Ireland        $ 107,212,934       4,068,246.0 $        26.35 $          14.02                   4.9
Italy          $ 712,198,264      57,573,184.0 $        12.37 $          14.02                   4.9
Japan          $ 3,206,493,126 127,764,360.0 $          25.10 $          25.10                   0.9
Netherlands    $ 469,198,453      16,281,733.0 $        28.82 $          14.02                   4.9
New Zealand    $    31,810,238     4,061,000.0 $          7.83 $          7.83                   7.2
Norway         $    53,861,049     4,591,080.5 $        11.73 $          14.02                   4.9
Portugal       $ 172,139,931      10,501,965.0 $        16.39 $          14.02                   4.9
Spain          $ 443,899,085      42,690,244.0 $        10.40 $          14.02                   4.9
Sweden         $    42,057,067     8,991,994.0 $          4.68 $         14.02                   4.9
Switzerland    $    21,678,972     7,389,581.0 $          2.93 $         14.02                   4.9
United Kingdom $ 636,124,027      59,866,864.0 $        10.63 $          14.02                   4.9
United States  $ 3,723,114,042 293,655,392.0 $          12.68 $          12.68                   5.4

Brazil            $     4,726,863     186,112,794    $       0.03   $       0.03                10.0
China             $ 2,624,738,209   1,306,313,812    $       2.01   $       2.01                 9.3
India             $ 824,784,344     1,093,563,426    $       0.75   $       0.75                 9.7
Russia            $    16,300,750     142,775,578    $       0.11   $       0.11                10.0

2003 CDI Average                                                    $      13.86

Source: U.N. Statistics Division, COMTRADE database.
Biodiversity and global ecosystems


                              Tropical wood
          CBD ratification       imports        Overall score
                      10.0               4.9                 3.8
                      10.0               4.9                 5.6
                      10.0               4.9                 6.5
                      10.0               7.6                 4.6
                      10.0               4.9                 7.1
                      10.0               4.9                 7.2
                      10.0               4.9                 6.8
                      10.0               4.9                 6.4
                      10.0               4.9                 5.8
                      10.0               4.9                 7.7
                      10.0               4.9                 5.7
                      10.0               0.9                 4.2
                      10.0               4.9                 6.8
                      10.0               7.2                 6.0
                      10.0               4.9                 9.4
                      10.0               4.9                 5.1
                      10.0               4.9                 5.0
                      10.0               4.9                 5.5
                      10.0               4.9                 5.4
                      10.0               4.9                 7.0
                        0.0              5.4                 1.1

                      10.0              10.0                7.1
                      10.0               9.3                6.2
                      10.0               9.7                7.7
                      10.0              10.0                7.6

                       5%               15%




                                                                      GHG
                                                                   emissions/
           Emissions of                                              capita,
          CO2 from fossil Greenhouse                               2005 (tons
           fuel burning, gas emissions,                               CO2
            2005 (est)        2005        Population, 2005         equivalent)   Score
                                522,189         20,090,437              26.0             -0.7
                                  76,253          8,184,691               9.3             6.2
                                143,478         10,364,388              13.8              4.3
                 655,829        842,780         32,805,041              25.7             -0.5
                                  64,033          5,432,335             11.8              5.2
                                  38,308          5,223,442               7.3             7.0
                                495,440         60,656,178                8.2             6.7
                                965,400         82,431,390              11.7              5.2
                 103,837        131,202         10,668,354              12.3              5.0
                                  69,288          4,015,676             17.3              2.9
                                471,530         58,103,033                8.1             6.7
               1,204,137      1,273,544       127,417,244               10.0              5.9
                                214,475         16,407,491              13.1              4.6
                                   52,658         4,035,461             13.0              4.6
                                   26,934         4,593,041               5.9             7.6
                                   89,465       10,566,212                8.5             6.5
                                  390,972       40,341,462                9.7             6.0
                                   63,042         9,001,774               7.0             7.1
                                   53,387         7,489,370               7.1             7.1
                                  655,361       60,441,457              10.8              5.6
                                6,431,935     295,734,134               21.7              1.1

                 362,920            2,248,291      163,542,501          13.7             4.4
               5,686,211            7,132,204    1,215,787,464           5.9             7.6
               1,316,807            2,122,712      917,772,321           2.3             9.1
               1,598,648            2,017,598      148,490,269          13.6             4.4

                                                                        12.2
HFCs PFCs SF6 CO NOX NMVOC SO2, 2002 (thousand tons CO2 equivalent)




                                  2000          2001         2002      2003         2004       2005
                               510,200       518,287      525,422   505,537      523,350        522,189
                                64,772        65,947       71,216    76,018       74,215         76,253
                               145,979       144,139      142,719   146,323      146,478        143,478
                               594,115       597,730      731,670   742,425      838,907        842,780
                                71,298        70,468       68,404    73,253       66,688         64,033
                                53,722        56,018       58,369    67,389       62,635         38,308
                               526,735       521,477      502,960   501,105      500,295        495,440
                               985,832     1,002,029      982,587   995,404      989,126        965,400
                               128,797       127,990      127,561   131,755      132,231        131,202
                                69,235        70,942       68,845    68,509       68,465         69,288
                               455,975       449,426      445,480   462,482      475,868        471,530
                             1,260,566     1,235,780    1,267,663 1,263,346    1,260,296      1,273,544
                               216,850       218,594      218,104   219,222      220,800        214,475
                                50,081        52,541       52,362    52,942       51,737         52,658
                                28,237        27,443       25,633    29,036       29,387         26,934
                                78,476        80,449       85,110    92,831       86,983         89,465
                               335,945       336,680      353,847   360,057      373,672        390,972
                                35,585        42,231       43,175    48,464       64,248         63,042
                                52,972        51,893       51,067    54,447       52,215         53,387
                               673,541       676,445      655,820   661,530      658,511        655,361
                             6,390,514     6,259,501    6,252,682 6,292,271    6,378,871      6,431,935

                            2,222,062      2,225,080    2,228,098 ########     2,241,050      2,248,291
                          4,915,110.80      5,072,168    5,229,224 5,905,465    6,579,889   7,132,204.36
                          1,860,694.10      1,886,097    1,911,500 1,943,458    2,047,711   2,122,711.67
                          1,955,905.00      1,954,310    1,952,716 1,980,560    1,995,297   2,017,598.00




rowth rate, this relationship is linear.




 country;
e=3) and GDP, PPP is from WDI
                  Total CFCs,
 Other Fully        HCFCs,
Halogenated         Methyl                      Consumpti
   CFCs            Bromide        Population    on/ capita
            0.0           222.8      20,111,000       11.1
            0.0           602.5      31,974,364       18.8
      -1,441.0          4,520.0     383,154,659       11.8
            0.0         2,444.7     127,764,360       19.1
            0.0            38.9       4,061,000        9.6
            0.0           -35.7       4,591,081       -7.8
            0.0            -0.7       7,389,581       -0.1
            0.0       13,973.9      293,655,392       47.6

           0.0         1,354.3      186,112,794        7.3
          19.6        30,678.6    1,306,313,812       23.5
           0.0         4,326.3    1,093,563,426        4.0
           0.0           776.1      142,775,578        5.4
os/reference_files/chronological_lists_of_ratifications.htm # Agreement
sions of the Convention relating to the conservation and management of
 igratory fish stocks




                                                                           Approval of Convention on Biodiversity, as of end-
, 2002                                                                                          2002




                       Population   Imports/ capita         Score                                Ratified?
                       19,546,792.0            0.0                  10.0   Australia                     1
                        8,148,312.0            1.7                   7.4   Austria                       1
                       10,311,970.0            1.6                   7.5   Belgium                       1
                       31,902,268.0            2.1                   6.7   Canada                        1
                        5,374,693.0            1.8                   7.2   Denmark                       1
                        5,193,039.0            0.2                   9.7   Finland                       1
                       59,925,035.0            6.7                  -0.4   France                        1
                       82,350,671.0            5.3                   1.8   Germany                       1
                       10,603,863.0            2.8                   5.7   Greece                        1
                        3,879,155.0            0.0                  10.0   Ireland                       1
                       57,926,999.0           11.5                  -7.9   Italy                         1
                      127,065,841.0            3.2                   5.1   Japan                         1
                       16,122,830.0            1.7                   7.4   Netherlands                   1
                        3,908,037.0            0.2                   9.7   New Zealand                   1
  4,535,591.0    0.4     9.3   Norway                         1
 10,433,867.0    2.4     6.3   Portugal                       1
 40,152,517.0   10.6    -6.5   Spain                          1
  8,954,175.0    1.5     7.7   Sweden                         1
  7,361,757.0    8.7    -3.4   Switzerland                    1
 59,912,431.0    1.1     8.3   United Kingdom                 1
287,675,526.0    5.2     1.9   United States                  0

  186,112,794    0.0     9.9   Brazil                         1
1,306,313,812    0.0    10.0   China                          1
1,093,563,426   (0.0)   10.0   India                          1
  142,775,578    0.1     9.8   Russia                         1

                 3.2           Max                           1

                               Source: Convention on Biological Diversity:
                               http://www.cbd.int/information/parties.shtml
                               United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
                               Change, Kyoto Protocol: Status of Ratification,
                               Bonn,
                               http://unfccc.int/files/essential_background/kyoto_p
                               rotocol/application/pdf/kpstats.pdf.
                                                                       PPP GDP (2000 $)




  1995          1996           1997           1998         1999            2000              2001         2002          2003
4.07247E+11   4.21498E+11    4.38516E+11   4.61277E+11   4.77649E+11      4.8682E+11       5.0523E+11   5.22117E+11    5.41966E+11
2.00519E+11   2.04307E+11    2.09068E+11     2.167E+11   2.25132E+11     2.32238E+11      2.35044E+11   2.35869E+11    2.37427E+11
2.44062E+11      2.471E+11   2.55693E+11   2.60491E+11   2.68994E+11      2.7991E+11      2.82183E+11   2.83061E+11    2.88012E+11
6.91754E+11   7.02099E+11    7.29888E+11   7.60886E+11   8.04363E+11     8.39682E+11      8.56595E+11   8.81331E+11    8.95488E+11
1.33335E+11   1.36784E+11    1.41008E+11   1.43926E+11   1.47397E+11     1.53528E+11      1.54408E+11   1.55421E+11     1.5528E+11
1.07588E+11   1.10868E+11    1.16744E+11   1.23103E+11    1.2614E+11     1.32272E+11      1.32843E+11   1.35121E+11    1.40008E+11
1.32826E+12   1.33812E+12     1.3684E+12   1.41586E+12   1.45206E+12      1.5135E+12      1.54743E+12   1.58055E+12    1.59033E+12
1.89289E+12    1.9076E+12    1.94588E+12   1.99164E+12    2.0324E+12     2.09483E+12      2.12293E+12   2.12867E+12    2.11744E+12
1.56694E+11   1.60973E+11     1.6681E+11   1.72575E+11   1.80906E+11     1.89866E+11      1.99484E+11   2.07077E+11    2.16903E+11
69684273152   74883465216    84268769280   92567740416   1.05937E+11     1.16427E+11      1.25852E+11      1.369E+11   1.40092E+11
1.32295E+12   1.33308E+12    1.35379E+12   1.37962E+12   1.39728E+12     1.44194E+12      1.46594E+12   1.47283E+12    1.47631E+12
3.13832E+12   3.23646E+12    3.28648E+12   3.25043E+12   3.24891E+12     3.32651E+12      3.32049E+12   3.31041E+12    3.35139E+12
3.76357E+11   3.90489E+11    4.03011E+11   4.32295E+11    4.4139E+11     4.55628E+11      4.67441E+11   4.73432E+11    4.69429E+11
66785816576   69886115840    70055288832   69305229312   73842073600     75670528000      77571301376   80903200768    83701301248
1.29141E+11   1.35772E+11    1.42641E+11   1.46041E+11   1.49723E+11     1.53627E+11      1.57378E+11   1.57567E+11    1.57641E+11
1.51463E+11   1.57463E+11    1.64699E+11   1.72361E+11   1.79023E+11     1.86675E+11        1.903E+11   1.88977E+11    1.86465E+11
 7.2728E+11   7.48145E+11    7.80084E+11   8.12759E+11   8.46643E+11     8.81471E+11       9.1098E+11   9.28013E+11    9.56919E+11
1.99478E+11   2.02014E+11     2.0632E+11    2.1205E+11   2.20621E+11     2.29706E+11       2.3248E+11   2.35596E+11    2.38406E+11
2.05653E+11   2.05982E+11    2.05986E+11   2.10521E+11   2.11507E+11     2.16685E+11      2.24746E+11   2.29668E+11    2.19772E+11
1.35294E+12   1.38859E+12    1.42889E+12   1.45912E+12   1.52427E+12     1.57316E+12      1.59865E+12   1.60964E+12    1.64476E+12
8.03249E+12   8.32192E+12    8.67437E+12   8.96209E+12   9.33271E+12      9.5872E+12      9.69599E+12   9.96809E+12    1.02868E+13

1.11998E+12    1.1502E+12     1.1934E+12   1.19852E+12   1.22287E+12      1.26931E+12     1.29648E+12   1.32274E+12    1.32529E+12
3.29419E+12   3.61756E+12    3.94208E+12   4.27019E+12   4.58091E+12      4.96007E+12     5.38394E+12   5.84899E+12    6.39832E+12
 1.8586E+12   1.99243E+12    2.07979E+12   2.20414E+12   2.35977E+12      2.45355E+12     2.56078E+12    2.6776E+12    2.90733E+12
9.41356E+11   9.12385E+11    9.32338E+11   9.03278E+11   9.56959E+11      1.03812E+12     1.07758E+12   1.13474E+12    1.23251E+12
Convention on Biodiversity, as of end-
         2002




                                Score
                                   10
                                   10
                                   10
                                   10
                                   10
                                   10
                                   10
                                   10
                                   10
                                   10
                                   10
                                   10
                                   10
                                   10
                                    10
                                    10
                                    10
                                    10
                                    10
                                    10
                                     0

                                    10
                                    10
                                    10
                                    10




 vention on Biological Diversity:
bd.int/information/parties.shtml
 ns Framework Convention on Climate
oto Protocol: Status of Ratification,

.int/files/essential_background/kyoto_p
cation/pdf/kpstats.pdf.
  2004          2005
5.60614E+11       5.75E+11
2.42451E+11       2.47E+11
2.97824E+11       3.02E+11
9.18699E+11       9.49E+11
1.58517E+11       1.63E+11
1.43915E+11       1.47E+11
1.62597E+12       1.64E+12
2.14646E+12       2.16E+12
2.25641E+11       2.34E+11
1.45172E+11       1.52E+11
 1.4911E+12       1.49E+12
3.43479E+12       3.53E+12
4.75693E+11       4.81E+11
87384162304   82800000000
1.62254E+11       1.66E+11
1.89456E+11        1.9E+11
9.82706E+11       1.01E+12
 2.4413E+11       2.51E+11
2.24387E+11       2.29E+11
1.69582E+12       1.72E+12
1.07081E+13       1.11E+13

1.38512E+12      1.46E+12
7.02371E+12      7.67E+12
3.11531E+12      3.41E+12
1.30912E+12       1.4E+12
Environment

                                                     Global climate
                                     % change in                            Consumption
                                        GHG                                   of ozone-
               GHG emissions/        emissions/                               depleting    Kyoto Protocol
                  capita                GDP           Gasoline tax es        substances      ratification
Australia                 -0.8                 4.4                  2.2               4.6                 0.0
Austria                    6.3                 2.3                  4.2               4.2               10.0
Belgium                    4.2                 6.6                  5.8               4.2               10.0
Canada                    -0.6                 4.8                  1.7               0.8               10.0
Denmark                    4.9                 9.1                  4.4               4.2               10.0
Finland                    5.1                 5.1                  5.3               4.2               10.0
France                     6.6                 6.3                  5.4               4.2               10.0
Germany                    5.1                 5.2                  5.7               4.2               10.0
Greece                     4.9                 4.8                  3.8               4.2               10.0
Ireland                    2.9               17.3                   3.9               4.2               10.0
Italy                      6.6                 0.7                  5.7               4.2               10.0
Japan                      5.9                 2.8                  2.9               0.6               10.0
Netherlands                4.5                 8.5                  6.2               4.2               10.0
New Zealand                4.7                 5.0                  2.6               5.3               10.0
Norway                     7.4               13.7                   4.6              13.8               10.0
Portugal                   6.6               -0.8                   6.5               4.2               10.0
Spain                      6.2               -0.2                   4.3               4.2               10.0
Sweden                     7.1                 3.4                  5.0               4.2               10.0
Switzerland                7.1                 0.6                  3.1              10.0               10.0
United Kingdom             5.5                 9.2                  6.0               4.2               10.0
United States              1.1                 4.6                  0.7             (13.4)                0.0

Weight                       10%             15%                      15%             10%               10%

Greenhouse gas emissions/capita, 2004




                 Total Emissions
               of CO2 CH4 N2O
                HFCs PFCs SF6
                     including
               emissions/remova
                ls from land use,
               land-use change,
                      forestry
                    (LULUCF)                          GHG emissions/
                 (thousand tons      Population,     capita, 2004 (tons
                CO2 equivalent),        2004          CO2 equivalent)           Score
Australia               523,350.29     19,913,144                   26.3                -0.8
Austria                  74,215.33      8,174,762                    9.1                 6.3
Belgium                 146,478.05     10,348,276                   14.2                 4.2
Canada                  838,906.52     32,507,874                   25.8                -0.6
Denmark                  66,687.50      5,413,392                   12.3                 4.9
Finland                  62,634.92      5,214,512                   12.0                 5.1
France                 500,295.03      60,424,213                   8.3              6.6
Germany                989,125.99      82,424,609                  12.0              5.1
Greece                 132,230.70      10,647,529                  12.4              4.9
Ireland                 68,464.72       3,969,558                  17.2              2.9
Italy                  475,868.47      58,057,477                   8.2              6.6
Japan                1,260,295.81     127,333,002                   9.9              5.9
Netherlands            220,800.47      16,318,199                  13.5              4.5
New Zealand             51,737.46       3,993,817                  13.0              4.7
Norway                  29,386.69       4,574,560                   6.4              7.4
Portugal                86,983.31      10,524,145                   8.3              6.6
Spain                  373,671.90      40,280,780                   9.3              6.2
Sweden                  64,247.59       8,986,400                   7.1              7.1
Switzerland             52,215.23       7,450,867                   7.0              7.1
United Kingdom         658,511.07      60,270,708                  10.9              5.5
United States        6,378,870.66     293,027,571                  21.8              1.1

2003 CDI Average                                                   12.2




Source: Emissions figures from UNFCCC Greenhouse Gases Inventory Database (Common Reporting Format - CRF),
http://unfccc.int/national_reports/annex_i_ghg_inventories/national_inventories_submissions/items/3734.php - summary2 table


Growth rate of of greenhouse gas emissions/GDP, 1994-2004

               Average annual                                                                                Emissions of C
                growth rate of
                    GHG
               emissions/PPP
               GDP, 1994-2004           Score                                      1994              1995
Australia                 -1.9%                  4.4                            457,135           458,947
Austria                   -1.0%                  2.3                             62,045            65,585
Belgium                   -2.8%                  6.6                            148,969           150,757
Canada                    -2.0%                  4.8                            645,773           842,979
Denmark                   -3.8%                  9.1                             78,516            75,782
Finland                   -2.2%                  5.1                             57,774            56,156
France                    -2.6%                  6.3                            510,991           521,249
Germany                   -2.2%                  5.2                          1,067,153         1,064,492
Greece                    -2.0%                  4.8                            108,599           108,826
Ireland                   -7.3%                 17.3                             58,277            59,553
Italy                     -0.3%                  0.7                            406,647           428,643
Japan                     -1.2%                  2.8                          1,282,673         1,260,713
Netherlands               -3.6%                  8.5                            223,916           227,271
New Zealand               -2.1%                  5.0                             49,785            49,356
Norway                    -5.8%                 13.7                             35,447            35,933
Portugal                   0.3%                 -0.8                             65,492            69,519
Spain                      0.1%                 -0.2                            261,983           274,253
Sweden                    -1.4%                  3.4                             46,893            45,579
Switzerland               -0.2%                  0.6                             46,676            47,842
United Kingdom            -3.9%                  9.2                            721,369           711,132
United States                -1.9%               4.6                             5,685,280         5,742,196

2003 CDI Average             -2.1%

Note: These "least squares" growth rates are computed by fitting a line to the graph of log of emissions/GDP over time; with a c
Estimating growth rates this way reduces sensitivity to aberrations in the start and final year.

Source: Emissions figures from UNFCCC Greenhouse Gases Inventory Database (Common Reporting Format - CRF),
http://unfccc.int/national_reports/annex_i_ghg_inventories/national_inventories_submissions/items/3734.php - summary2 table

Gasoline taxes, 2005

                                                                                             Taxes (PPP $/
                 Grade                                  Price (PPP $/ liter)   Taxes/price       liter)
Australia        Regular unleaded                      $               0.81            43%   $          0.35
Austria          Premium unleaded (95 RON)             $               1.17            58%   $          0.67
Belgium          Premium unleaded (95 RON)             $               1.46            63%   $          0.93
Canada           Regular unleaded                      $               0.79            34%   $          0.27
Denmark          Premium unleaded (95 RON)             $               1.08            65%   $          0.70
Finland          Premium unleaded (95 RON)             $               1.27            67%   $          0.84
France           Premium unleaded (95 RON)             $               1.29            67%   $          0.86
Germany          Premium unleaded (95 RON)             $               1.34            67%   $          0.90
Greece           Premium unleaded (95 RON)             $               1.25            49%   $          0.61
Ireland          Premium unleaded (95 RON)             $               1.04            60%   $          0.62
Italy            Premium unleaded (95 RON)             $               1.43            63%   $          0.90
Japan            Regular unleaded                      $               0.97            48%   $          0.46
Netherlands      Premium unleaded (95 RON)             $               1.50            66%   $          0.99
New Zealand      Premium unleaded (95 RON)             $               0.93            45%   $          0.42
Norway           Premium unleaded (95 RON)             $               1.13            65%   $          0.73
Portugal         Premium unleaded (95 RON)             $               1.63            63%   $          1.03
Spain            Premium unleaded (95 RON)             $               1.25            55%   $          0.69
Sweden           Premium unleaded (95 RON)             $               1.21            65%   $          0.79
Switzerland      Premium unleaded (95 RON)             $               0.91            55%   $          0.50
United Kingdom   Premium unleaded (95 RON)             $               1.38            69%   $          0.96
United States    Premium unleaded (95 RON)             $               0.63            17%   $          0.10

2003 CDI Average                                                                             $          0.79

U.S. Consumer Price Index                                                                              188.9

Source: OECD, IEA, Energy Prices and Taxes, First Quarter 2007 (Paris: 2007); pg. 308-310 and 335-337; CPI from ftp://ftp.bl


Consumption of selected Ozone-Depleting Substances (in ODP Metric Tons), 2004

                   Consumption/       Standardized
                      person             score
Australia                    11.1                4.6
Austria                      11.8                4.2
Belgium                      11.8                4.2
Canada                       18.8                0.8
Denmark                      11.8                4.2
Finland                       11.8                 4.2
France                        11.8                 4.2
Germany                       11.8                 4.2
Greece                        11.8                 4.2
Ireland                       11.8                 4.2
Italy                         11.8                 4.2
Japan                         19.1                 0.6
Netherlands                   11.8                 4.2
New Zealand                    9.6                 5.3
Norway                        (7.8)               13.8
Portugal                      11.8                 4.2
Spain                         11.8                 4.2
Sweden                        11.8                 4.2
Switzerland                   (0.1)               10.0
United Kingdom                11.8                 4.2
United States                 47.6               -13.4

2003 CDI Average               10.2


Consumption of selected Ozone-Depleting Substances (in ODP Metric Tons), 2004



                                       Bromochlorom
Country                CFCs               ethane      Carbon Tetrachloride   Halons       HBFCs
Australia                     -61.8               0.0                  0.0        -33.0           0.0
Canada                          0.0               0.0                  0.3          0.0           0.0
European Union                195.8             -32.2              -887.7      -7,834.0           0.0
Japan                           0.0               0.0                 19.8          0.0           0.0
New Zealand                    -1.1               0.0                  0.0          0.0           0.0
Norway                        -54.6        0.0000002                 -28.0        -20.6           0.0
Switzerland                   -19.0               0.0                  2.7          0.0           0.0
United States               1,340.4               0.0                  9.4          0.0           0.0



Population Data: World Development Indicators 2006
Source: United Nations Environment Programme Ozone Secretariat, Nairobi, October 2004.


Ratification of Kyoto Protocol, as of end-2005

                           Ratified?             Score
Australia                          0                 0
Austria                            1                10
Belgium                            1                10
Canada                             1                10
Denmark                            1                10
Finland                            1                10
France                             1                10
Germany                            1                10
Greece                           1              10
Ireland                          1              10
Italy                            1              10
Japan                            1              10
Netherlands                      1              10
New Zealand                      1              10
Norway                           1              10
Portugal                         1              10
Spain                            1              10
Sweden                           1              10
Switzerland                      1              10
United Kingdom                   1              10
United States                    0               0

Max                              1

Source: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto Protocol: Status of Ratification, Bonn,
http://unfccc.int/files/essential_background/kyoto_protocol/application/pdf/kpstats.pdf.


Sustainable fisheries




                                        Fishing subsidies/capita
               Fishing subsidies,       PPP                                                 Fishing
                  2003 (Million      Conversion      Fishing subsidies       Population,   subsides/
                     LCU)            Rates-2003      2003 (Million in $)        2003       person ($)
Australia                     98.0             1.4                   72.6     19,881,000             4.9
Austria                        0.0             0.0                     0.0     8,090,000             0.0
Belgium                        1.1             0.9                     1.2    10,376,000             0.1
Canada                        71.3             1.2                   57.5     31,630,000             2.3
Denmark                     188.5              8.5                   22.2      5,387,200            35.0
Finland                        5.1             1.0                     5.2     5,212,000             1.0
France                        33.7             0.9                   37.4     59,762,000             0.6
Germany                        6.5             1.0                     6.8    82,541,000             0.1
Greece                        49.5             0.7                   72.8     11,033,000             4.5
Ireland                        8.7             1.0                     8.5     3,994,000             2.2
Italy                       112.8              0.8                  134.3     57,646,267             2.0
Japan                     5064.0             139.0                   36.4    127,573,000            39.7
Netherlands                    3.8             0.9                     4.1    16,221,800             0.2
New Zealand                    0.0             1.5                     0.0     4,009,200             0.0
Norway                      120.7              9.3                   13.0      4,562,000            26.5
Portugal                       0.6             0.7                     0.8    10,444,000             0.1
Spain                       345.2              0.8                  460.3     41,101,431             8.4
Sweden                        67.0             9.3                     7.2     8,956,000             7.5
Switzerland                    0.0             0.0                     0.0     7,350,000             0.0
United Kingdom                 0.1             0.6                     0.2    59,329,000             0.0
United States               179.1              1.0                  179.1    290,810,000             0.6
2003 CDI Average                                                                                         4.0

Canada, Denmark, Germany, and UK fishing subsidies data for 2002.
Souce: Review of Fisheries in OECD Countries: Policies and Summary Statistics. 2005. OECD.


Endangered species, biodiversity

                                                                                     Imports of selected species under the CI




                                                                                              Live parrot
Country            Crocodile skins    Lizard skins         Cat skins         Snakeskins         Imports
Australia                        0               1                     15             25                  0
Austria                       5663            2290                     14               2               868
Belgium                         13               0                      3             48                  0
Canada                         278             224                      0            286              3,473
Denmark                       1761               0                   1089             67                  0
Finland                          2               0                     79               0                 1
France                      194445           68456                    567           9064             30,981
Germany                      56913           50217                    456         159409              3,602
Greece                           0               0                   2343               0            17,170
Ireland                          0               0                      2               0                42
Italy                        89110           72882                  31794         330999             51,086
Japan                        78693          126199                   1365          86030             17,489
Netherlands                      0              10                     40               0                 0
New Zealand                     79              18                      0             10                  0
Norway                           4               1                     24               3             1,849
Portugal                         0               0                      0               0            19,732
Spain                        31715          157206                    306         115548             34,436
Sweden                           0               0                      1               5                 0
Switzerland                  32074           25755                     32               0               174
United Kingdom                 279               3                   9998               0            17,798
United States                    0           77339                      0          14190             32,759

2003 CDI Average

Source: World Resources Institute. 2005. EarthTrends: The Environmental Information Portal. Available at http://earthtrends.wr
Resources Institute.




Tropical timber

                                     Gross timber imports from tropical countries, 2004
                                                                            Imports/capita
               Imports of wood                                                with Europe
Country          and cork ($)       Population     Imports/capita            averaged out    Score
Australia      $ 267,431,184          19,913,144    $               13.43   $        13.43           5.2
Austria        $    14,350,334         8,174,762    $                1.76   $        13.26           5.2
Belgium        $ 497,761,191          10,348,276    $               48.10   $        13.26           5.2
Canada         $ 193,393,038          32,507,874    $                5.95   $         5.95           7.9
Denmark        $    84,163,825         5,413,392    $               15.55   $        13.26           5.2
Finland        $    13,685,175         5,214,512    $                2.62   $        13.26           5.2
France         $ 655,523,960          60,424,213    $               10.85   $        13.26           5.2
Germany        $ 471,277,000          82,424,609    $                5.72   $        13.26           5.2
Greece         $    62,880,769        10,647,529    $                5.91   $        13.26           5.2
Ireland        $ 116,832,057           3,969,558    $               29.43   $        13.26           5.2
Italy          $ 706,716,803          58,057,477    $               12.17   $        13.26           5.2
Japan          $ 3,402,148,196       127,333,002    $               26.72   $        26.72           0.4
Netherlands    $ 433,093,566          16,318,199    $               26.54   $        13.26           5.2
New Zealand    $    29,194,464         3,993,817    $                7.31   $         7.31           7.4
Norway         $    35,597,590         4,574,560    $                7.78   $        13.26           5.2
Portugal       $ 188,837,436          10,524,145    $               17.94   $        13.26           5.2
Spain          $ 408,855,469          40,280,780    $               10.15   $        13.26           5.2
Sweden         $    28,991,534         8,986,400    $                3.23   $        13.26           5.2
Switzerland    $    18,556,608         7,450,867    $                2.49   $        13.26           5.2
United Kingdom $ 714,301,375          60,270,708    $               11.85   $        13.26           5.2
United States  $ 3,638,022,169       293,027,571    $               12.42   $        12.42           5.5

2003 CDI Average                                                            $       13.86


Source: U.N. Statistics Division, COMTRADE database.
       Sustainable fisheries                Biodiversity and global ecosystems

                     Ratification of
                     UN Fisheries        Imports of                      Tropical wood
Fishing subsidies     Agreement       selected species CBD ratification     imports     Overall score
               3.8               10.0             10.0             10.0             5.2            4.3
             10.0                10.0               7.4            10.0             5.2            6.1
               9.9               10.0               7.5            10.0             5.2            6.7
               7.2               10.0               6.7            10.0             7.9            5.2
            -34.0                10.0               7.2            10.0             5.2            4.7
               8.8               10.0               9.7            10.0             5.2            6.7
               9.3               10.0             -0.4             10.0             5.2            6.0
               9.9               10.0               1.8            10.0             5.2            6.0
               4.4               10.0               5.7            10.0             5.2            5.8
               7.3               10.0             10.0             10.0             5.2            8.0
               7.5               10.0             -7.9             10.0             5.2            4.4
            -39.9                 0.0               5.1            10.0             0.4            1.6
               9.7               10.0               7.4            10.0             5.2            7.1
             10.0                10.0               9.7            10.0             7.4            6.7
            -23.3                10.0               9.3            10.0             5.2            7.4
               9.9               10.0               6.3            10.0             5.2            5.8
              -0.6               10.0             -6.5             10.0             5.2            3.8
               0.6               10.0               7.7            10.0             5.2            6.0
             10.0                 0.0             -3.4             10.0             5.2            4.7
             10.0                10.0               8.3            10.0             5.2            7.4
               9.2               10.0               1.9              0.0            5.5            1.5

              5%                5%              10%                5%             15%
 porting Format - CRF),
ms/3734.php - summary2 tables for each country;




                Emissions of CO2 CH4 N2O HFCs PFCs SF6 CO NOX NMVOC SO2, 2002 (thousand tons CO2 equivalent)




                          1996             1997        1998           1999          2000         2001
                       462,093          470,476     493,374        496,527       510,200      518,287
                        73,905           64,402      65,484         59,073        64,772       65,947
                       155,044          146,355     151,524        145,760       145,979      144,139
                       588,506          555,094     775,690        653,690       594,115      597,730
                        89,702           80,064      75,288         72,888        71,298       70,468
                        54,411           59,081      56,314         54,877        53,722       56,018
                       532,479          524,068     537,396        519,613       526,735      521,477
                     1,083,493        1,045,941   1,019,724        987,956       985,832    1,002,029
                       112,730          117,790     123,391        122,304       128,797      127,990
                        61,799           63,287      65,788         67,165        69,235       70,942
                       418,600          431,908     446,188        444,726       455,975      449,426
                     1,270,806        1,264,105   1,221,219      1,242,616     1,260,566    1,235,780
                       235,267          228,462     229,891        217,769       216,850      218,594
                        50,742           51,285      48,088         49,148        50,081       52,541
                        38,400           38,745      33,099         33,884        28,237       27,443
                        65,610           68,888      73,293         81,200        78,476       80,449
                       266,115          286,838     297,624        324,325       335,945      336,680
                        44,440           41,513      50,272         52,624        35,585       42,231
                        49,377           48,308      51,176         47,516        52,972       51,893
                       732,109          708,072     703,006        671,841       673,541      676,445
                      5,998,526          5,994,090          6,111,008        6,148,244   6,390,514   6,259,501




ssions/GDP over time; with a constant growth rate, this relationship is linear.


 porting Format - CRF),
ms/3734.php - summary2 tables for each country.




                    Score
                             2.2
                             4.2
                             5.8
                             1.7
                             4.4
                             5.3
                             5.4
                             5.7
                             3.8
                             3.9
                             5.7
                             2.9
                             6.2
                             2.6
                             4.6
                             6.5
                             4.3
                             5.0
                             3.1
                             6.0
                             0.7




d 335-337; CPI from ftp://ftp.bls.gov/pub/special.requests/cpi/cpiai.txt.
                                                              Total CFCs,
                                             Other Fully        HCFCs,
              Methyl          Methyl        Halogenated         Methyl
HCFCs        Bromide        Chloroform         CFCs            Bromide        Population
     160.5         124.1              0.0               0.0           222.8    20,111,000
     567.9           34.6             0.0               0.0           602.5    31,974,364
   1,450.9       2,873.3              0.2         -1,441.0          4,520.0   383,154,659
   1,425.7       1,019.0           -541.8               0.0         2,444.7   127,764,360
      23.5           16.5             0.0               0.0            38.9     4,061,000
      17.5            1.4             0.0               0.0           -35.7     4,591,081
      10.9            7.4             0.1               0.0            -0.7     7,389,581
   6,280.2       6,353.3             11.1               0.0        13,973.9   293,655,392
tification, Bonn,




                                     Ratification of
                                     UN Fisheries
                                    Agreement, end-
                                          2005


                    Score                              Score
                              3.8                 1       10
                             10.0                 1       10
                              9.9                 1       10
                              7.2                 1       10
                            -34.0                 1       10
                              8.8                 1       10
                              9.3                 1       10
                              9.9                 1       10
                              4.4                 1       10
                              7.3                 1       10
                              7.5                 1       10
                            -39.9                 0        0
                              9.7                 1       10
                             10.0                 1       10
                            -23.3                 1       10
                              9.9                 1       10
                             -0.6                 1       10
                              0.6                 1       10
                             10.0                 0        0
                             10.0                 1       10
                              9.2                 1       10
                                             Max:                1




selected species under the CITES Treaty, 2002




                                    Live lizard
              Live coral imports     imports         Total imports    Population   Imports/ capita   Score
                            148                306              495     19,546,792            0.0         10.0
                           4523                 87            13447      8,148,312            1.7           7.4
                                            16,845            16909     10,311,970            1.6           7.5
                         46238              17,496            67995     31,902,268            2.1           6.7
                          4705               2,145             9767      5,374,693            1.8           7.2
                           955                   3             1040      5,193,039            0.2           9.7
                         76566              21,508           401587     59,925,035            6.7          -0.4
                        123000              41,323           434920     82,350,671            5.3           1.8
                          2077               8,048            29638     10,603,863            2.8           5.7
                                                                 44      3,879,155            0.0         10.0
                         54367             38,077            668315     57,926,999           11.5          -7.9
                         63937             31,567            405280    127,065,841            3.2           5.1
                         18825              8,515             27390     16,122,830            1.7           7.4
                           723                  0               830      3,908,037            0.2           9.7
                           154                  4              2039      4,535,591            0.4           9.3
                          2727              2,552             25011     10,433,867            2.4           6.3
                         12484             74,642            426337     40,152,517           10.6          -6.5
                         10816              2,451             13273      8,954,175            1.5           7.7
                          5353                394             63782      7,361,757            8.7          -3.4
                         34065              4,073             66216     59,912,431            1.1           8.3
                        605998            769,501           1499787    287,675,526            5.2           1.9

                                                                                              3.2

vailable at http://earthtrends.wri.org. Washington D.C.: World
ons CO2 equivalent)                                                                                 PPP GDP (2000 $)




                  2002        2003   2004          1994       1995       1996       1997        1998
               525,422     505,537     523,350   4.03E+11    4.2E+11   4.35E+11   4.52E+11   4.755E+11
                71,216      76,018      74,215   1.92E+11   1.96E+11   1.98E+11   2.02E+11   2.103E+11
               142,719     146,323     146,478   2.31E+11   2.37E+11    2.4E+11   2.48E+11   2.528E+11
               731,670     742,425     838,907   6.89E+11   7.07E+11   7.17E+11   7.46E+11   7.775E+11
                68,404      73,253      66,688   1.33E+11   1.36E+11    1.4E+11   1.44E+11   1.469E+11
                58,369      67,389      62,635   1.03E+11   1.06E+11   1.09E+11   1.15E+11    1.21E+11
               502,960     501,105     500,295    1.3E+12   1.32E+12   1.33E+12   1.35E+12   1.397E+12
               982,587     995,404     989,126   1.93E+12   1.96E+12   1.97E+12      2E+12   2.047E+12
               127,561     131,755     132,231   1.48E+11   1.51E+11   1.55E+11    1.6E+11   1.659E+11
                68,845      68,509      68,465   6.13E+10   6.85E+10   7.34E+10   8.28E+10   9.058E+10
               445,480     462,482     475,868   1.29E+12   1.32E+12   1.33E+12   1.35E+12   1.376E+12
             1,267,663   1,263,346   1,260,296   3.03E+12   3.09E+12   3.19E+12   3.24E+12   3.199E+12
               218,104     219,222     220,800    3.5E+11   3.58E+11   3.71E+11   3.83E+11   4.113E+11
                52,362      52,942      51,737   6.57E+10   6.81E+10   7.13E+10   7.15E+10   7.066E+10
                25,633      29,036      29,387   1.28E+11   1.33E+11   1.39E+11   1.46E+11     1.5E+11
                85,110      92,831      86,983   1.39E+11   1.44E+11    1.5E+11   1.57E+11   1.639E+11
               353,847     360,057     373,672   6.55E+11   6.64E+11   6.83E+11   7.12E+11   7.453E+11
                43,175      48,464      64,248   1.82E+11   1.89E+11   1.91E+11   1.95E+11   2.008E+11
                51,067      54,447      52,215   1.95E+11   1.94E+11   1.95E+11   1.95E+11   1.989E+11
               655,820     661,530     658,511   1.22E+12   1.26E+12   1.29E+12   1.33E+12   1.356E+12
6,252,682   6,292,271   6,378,871 7.93E+12 8.07E+12 8.36E+12 8.71E+12   9E+12
Consumpti
on/ capita
      11.1
      18.8
      11.8
      19.1
       9.6
      -7.8
      -0.1
      47.6
Approval of Convention on Biodiversity, as
              of end-2002




                       Ratified?      Score
Australia                      1         10
Austria                        1         10
Belgium                        1         10
Canada                         1         10
Denmark                        1         10
Finland                        1         10
France                         1         10
Germany                        1         10
Greece                         1         10
Ireland                        1         10
Italy                          1         10
Japan                          1         10
Netherlands                    1         10
New Zealand                    1         10
Norway                         1         10
Portugal                       1         10
Spain                          1         10
Sweden                         1         10
Switzerland                    1         10
United Kingdom                 1         10
United States                  0          0

Max                           1


Source: United Nations Framework
Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto
Protocol: Status of Ratification, Bonn,
http://unfccc.int/files/essential_background
/kyoto_protocol/application/pdf/kpstats.pdf.
PPP GDP (2000 $)




     1999       2000       2001        2002         2003       2004
   4.92E+11   5.02E+11   5.22E+11   5.35937E+11   5.57E+11   5.61E+11
   2.17E+11   2.24E+11   2.27E+11   2.27643E+11    2.3E+11   2.42E+11
   2.61E+11   2.72E+11   2.74E+11   2.74095E+11   2.78E+11   2.99E+11
   8.22E+11   8.58E+11   8.75E+11   9.00977E+11   9.17E+11   9.19E+11
    1.5E+11   1.57E+11   1.58E+11   1.59779E+11    1.6E+11    1.6E+11
   1.24E+11    1.3E+11   1.31E+11   1.32929E+11   1.36E+11   1.44E+11
   1.43E+12   1.49E+12   1.52E+12   1.55198E+12   1.56E+12   1.61E+12
   2.09E+12   2.14E+12   2.16E+12   2.15683E+12   2.16E+12   2.15E+12
   1.74E+11   1.82E+11   1.91E+11   1.98664E+11   2.08E+11   2.25E+11
   1.04E+11   1.15E+11   1.24E+11   1.38934E+11   1.42E+11   1.49E+11
   1.39E+12   1.44E+12   1.46E+12   1.46838E+12   1.48E+12    1.5E+12
    3.2E+12    3.3E+12    3.3E+12   3.28531E+12   3.37E+12   3.49E+12
    4.2E+11   4.33E+11   4.45E+11   4.50939E+11    4.5E+11   4.82E+11
   7.51E+10   7.72E+10    7.9E+10   82558042524   8.55E+10   8.61E+10
   1.54E+11   1.58E+11   1.62E+11   1.62161E+11   1.62E+11   1.62E+11
    1.7E+11   1.77E+11   1.81E+11   1.81053E+11   1.79E+11    1.9E+11
   7.76E+11   8.09E+11   8.35E+11   8.50143E+11   8.69E+11   9.68E+11
   2.09E+11   2.18E+11    2.2E+11   2.23352E+11   2.26E+11   2.45E+11
      2E+11   2.05E+11   2.12E+11   2.12904E+11   2.12E+11   2.29E+11
   1.41E+12   1.45E+12   1.47E+12   1.48898E+12   1.52E+12    1.7E+12
9.37E+12 9.63E+12   9.7E+12 9.96509E+12 1.03E+13 1.08E+13
Environment

                                                   Global climate
                                     % change in                      Consumption
                                        GHG                             of ozone-
               GHG emissions/        emissions/                         depleting     Kyoto Protocol
                  capita                GDP        Gasoline tax es     substances       ratification
Australia                 -0.5                 5.1              2.2              3.1                 0.0
Austria                    6.2                 1.9              4.1              2.4               10.0
Belgium                    4.2                 6.3              5.5              2.4               10.0
Canada                     0.5                 5.3              1.6             (2.9)              10.0
Denmark                    4.4                 8.8              4.4              2.4               10.0
Finland                    4.7                 4.0              5.5              2.4               10.0
France                     6.6                 5.7              5.5              2.4               10.0
Germany                    5.0                 6.0              5.6              2.4               10.0
Greece                     4.9                 2.9              3.9              2.4               10.0
Ireland                    2.8               14.8               3.9              2.4               10.0
Italy                      6.7                 1.9              5.7              2.4               10.0
Japan                      5.9                 2.4              2.9             (3.7)              10.0
Netherlands                4.5                 8.0              6.1              2.4               10.0
New Zealand                4.5                 4.6              2.4              4.7               10.0
Norway                     7.4               13.7               4.5            14.6                10.0
Portugal                   6.4               -0.9               6.7              2.4               10.0
Spain                      6.3               -1.5               4.3              2.4               10.0
Sweden                     7.8                 9.5              4.7              2.4               10.0
Switzerland                7.0                 0.0              3.0              9.1               10.0
United Kingdom             5.5                 8.7              6.2              2.4               10.0
United States              1.1                 5.0              0.7           (11.9)                 0.0

Weight                       10%              15%              15%              10%                10%

Greenhouse gas emissions/capita, 2003



                 Total Emissions
               of CO2 CH4 N2O
                HFCs PFCs SF6
                     including
               emissions/remova
                ls from land use,
               land-use change,
                      forestry
                    (LULUCF)                        GHG emissions/
                 (thousand tons                      capita, 2003
                CO2 equivalent),     Population,      (tons CO2
                       2003             2003          equivalent)         Score
Australia               505,536.59     19,731,984              25.6               -0.5
Austria                  76,018.03      8,162,656               9.3                6.2
Belgium                 146,323.35     10,330,824              14.2                4.2
Canada                  742,424.64     32,207,113              23.1                0.5
Denmark                  73,253.18      5,394,138              13.6                4.4
Finland                 67,388.75       5,204,405              12.9              4.7
France                 501,104.68      60,180,529               8.3              6.6
Germany                995,403.81      82,398,326              12.1              5.0
Greece                 131,755.11      10,625,945              12.4              4.9
Ireland                 68,509.03       3,924,023              17.5              2.8
Italy                  462,481.97      57,998,353               8.0              6.7
Japan                1,263,345.93     127,214,499               9.9              5.9
Netherlands            219,222.30      16,223,248              13.5              4.5
New Zealand             52,941.76       3,951,307              13.4              4.5
Norway                  29,035.71       4,555,400               6.4              7.4
Portugal                92,831.04      10,479,955               8.9              6.4
Spain                  360,056.56      40,217,413               9.0              6.3
Sweden                  48,463.93       8,970,306               5.4              7.8
Switzerland             54,446.76       7,408,319               7.3              7.0
United Kingdom         661,529.52      60,094,648              11.0              5.5
United States        6,292,270.71     290,342,554              21.7              1.1

2003 CDI Average                                               12.2



Source: Emissions figures from UNFCCC Greenhouse Gases Inventory Database (Common Reporting Format - CRF),
http://unfccc.int/national_reports/annex_i_ghg_inventories/national_inventories_submissions/items/3734.php - summary2 table
country;


Growth rate of of greenhouse gas emissions/GDP, 1993-2003

                 Average annual                                                                         Emissions of CO2 C
                  growth rate of
                      GHG
                 emissions/PPP
                 GDP, 1993-2003         Score                                  1993              1994
Australia                   -2.2%                5.1                        454,569           457,135
Austria                     -0.8%                1.9                         59,909            62,045
Belgium                     -2.6%                6.3                        144,287           148,969
Canada                      -2.2%                5.3                        535,224           645,773
Denmark                     -3.7%                8.8                         75,713            78,516
Finland                     -1.7%                4.0                         41,831            57,774
France                      -2.4%                5.7                        513,365           510,991
Germany                     -2.5%                6.0                      1,086,149         1,067,153
Greece                      -1.2%                2.9                        105,533           108,599
Ireland                     -6.3%               14.8                         56,800            58,277
Italy                       -0.8%                1.9                        429,847           406,647
Japan                       -1.0%                2.4                      1,211,713         1,282,673
Netherlands                 -3.4%                8.0                        224,192           223,916
New Zealand                 -1.9%                4.6                         48,940            49,785
Norway                      -5.8%               13.7                         34,014            35,447
Portugal                     0.4%               -0.9                         64,622            65,492
Spain                        0.6%               -1.5                        245,071           261,983
Sweden                      -4.0%                9.5                         57,375            46,893
Switzerland                  0.0%                0.0                         47,708            46,676
United Kingdom               -3.7%               8.7                           733,929           721,369
United States                -2.1%               5.0                         5,679,132         5,685,280

2003 CDI Average             -2.1%

Note: These "least squares" growth rates are computed by fitting a line to the graph of log of emissions/GDP over time; with a c
Estimating growth rates this way reduces sensitivity to aberrations in the start and final year.
Source: Emissions figures from UNFCCC Greenhouse Gases Inventory Database (Common Reporting Format - CRF),
http://unfccc.int/national_reports/annex_i_ghg_inventories/national_inventories_submissions/items/3734.php - summary2 table

Gasoline taxes, 2004

                                                        Price (PPP $/                    Taxes (PPP $/
               Grade                                         liter)        Taxes/price       liter)
Australia      Regular unleaded                        $            0.71           48%   $          0.34
Austria        Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $            1.04           62%   $          0.64
Belgium        Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $            1.29           66%   $          0.85
Canada         Regular unleaded                        $            0.64           38%   $          0.24
Denmark        Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $            0.99           69%   $          0.68
Finland        Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $            1.22           70%   $          0.85
France         Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $            1.18           72%   $          0.85
Germany        Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $            1.21           72%   $          0.87
Greece         Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $            1.17           52%   $          0.60
Ireland        Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $            0.95           64%   $          0.60
Italy          Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $            1.34           66%   $          0.89
Japan          Regular unleaded                        $            0.85           53%   $          0.45
Netherlands    Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $            1.36           69%   $          0.94
New Zealand    Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $            0.82           46%   $          0.37
Norway         Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $            1.05           67%   $          0.70
Portugal       Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $            1.56           67%   $          1.04
Spain          Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $            1.13           59%   $          0.67
Sweden         Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $            1.07           68%   $          0.73
Switzerland    Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $            0.79           60%   $          0.47
United Kingdom Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $            1.30           74%   $          0.96
United States  Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $            0.55           19%   $          0.10

2003 CDI Average                                                                         $          0.77

U.S. Consumer Price Index                                                                          184.0

Source: OECD, IEA, Energy Prices and Taxes, First Quarter 2007 (Paris: 2007); pg. 308-310 and 335-337; CPI from ftp://ftp.bl



Consumption of selected Ozone-Depleting Substances (in ODP Metric Tons), 2003

                   Consumption/       Standardized
                      person             score
Australia                    14.0                3.1
Austria                      15.5                2.4
Belgium                      15.5                2.4
Canada                       26.3               -2.9
Denmark                       15.5                 2.4
Finland                       15.5                 2.4
France                        15.5                 2.4
Germany                       15.5                 2.4
Greece                        15.5                 2.4
Ireland                       15.5                 2.4
Italy                         15.5                 2.4
Japan                         27.9                -3.7
Netherlands                   15.5                 2.4
New Zealand                   10.9                 4.7
Norway                        (9.3)               14.6
Portugal                      15.5                 2.4
Spain                         15.5                 2.4
Sweden                        15.5                 2.4
Switzerland                    1.9                 9.1
United Kingdom                15.5                 2.4
United States                 44.7               -11.9

2003 CDI Average               10.2


Consumption of selected Ozone-Depleting Substances (in ODP Metric Tons), 2003



                                       Bromochlorom        Carbon
Country                CFCs               ethane         Tetrachloride     Halons        HBFCs
Australia                       1.1               0.0                0.0          0.0            0.0
Canada                         -0.2          0.00012                 0.1          0.0            0.0
European Union                293.6               0.0              662.2          0.0            0.0
Japan                           4.0               0.0               30.5          0.0            0.0
New Zealand                     0.0               0.0                0.0          0.0            0.0
Norway                        -65.5               0.0                0.0        -13.0            0.0
Switzerland                    -9.1               0.0                2.4          0.0            0.0
United States               1,605.2               0.0             -568.7          0.0            0.0



Population Data: World Development Indicators 2006
Source: United Nations Environment Programme Ozone Secretariat, Nairobi, October 2004.


Ratification of Kyoto Protocol, as of end-2004

                           Ratified?             Score
Australia                          0                 0
Austria                            1                10
Belgium                            1                10
Canada                             1                10
Denmark                            1                10
Finland                            1                10
France                             1                10
Germany                          1              10
Greece                           1              10
Ireland                          1              10
Italy                            1              10
Japan                            1              10
Netherlands                      1              10
New Zealand                      1              10
Norway                           1              10
Portugal                         1              10
Spain                            1              10
Sweden                           1              10
Switzerland                      1              10
United Kingdom                   1              10
United States                    0               0

Max                              1

Source: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto Protocol: Status of Ratification, Bonn,
http://unfccc.int/files/essential_background/kyoto_protocol/application/pdf/kpstats.pdf.


Sustainable fisheries




                                      Fishing subsidies/capita
                                        PPP        Fishing subsidies                    Fishing
               Fishing subsidies,    Conversion     2002 (Million in    Population,    subsides/
                2002 (million $)     Rates-2002            $)              2002        person ($)
Australia                   101.5             1.34              75.7     19,662,800              5.2
Austria                       0.0             0.00                0.0     8,066,000              0.0
Belgium                       1.5             0.88                1.7    10,333,000              0.1
Canada                       88.4             1.23              71.9     31,362,000              2.8
Denmark                     364.1             8.43              43.2      5,374,300             67.7
Finland                       3.1             0.97                3.2     5,199,000              0.6
France                       49.2             0.90              54.7     59,485,000              0.8
Germany                       5.1             0.96                5.3    82,508,000              0.1
Greece                       37.6             0.68              55.3     11,005,000              3.4
Ireland                       7.2             1.00                7.2     3,930,000              1.8
Italy                        99.0             0.82             120.8     57,690,133              1.7
Japan                     7199.0           144.00               50.0    127,399,000             56.5
Netherlands                   9.7             0.92              10.6     16,144,000              0.6
New Zealand                   0.0             1.47                0.0     3,939,100              0.0
Norway                       83.4             9.14                9.1     4,538,000             18.4
Portugal                      0.6             0.66                0.9    10,368,000              0.1
Spain                       168.6             0.74             227.9     40,917,303              4.1
Sweden                       60.3             9.36                6.4     8,924,000              6.8
Switzerland                   0.0             0.00                0.0     7,290,000              0.0
United Kingdom                0.2             0.61                0.3    59,229,000              0.0
United States                84.8             1.00              84.8    288,369,000              0.3
2003 CDI Average                                                                                    4.0

Souce: Review of Fisheries in OECD Countries: Policies and Summary Statistics. 2005. OECD.




Endangered species, biodiversity

                                                                                  Imports of selected species under the CITE




                                                                                          Live parrot
Country            Crocodile skins    Lizard skins       Cat skins       Snakeskins         Imports
Australia                        0               1                 15             25                  0
Austria                       5663            2290                 14               2               868
Belgium                         13               0                  3             48                  0
Canada                         278             224                  0            286              3,473
Denmark                       1761               0               1089             67                  0
Finland                          2               0                 79               0                 1
France                      194445           68456                567           9064             30,981
Germany                      56913           50217                456         159409              3,602
Greece                           0               0               2343               0            17,170
Ireland                          0               0                  2               0                42
Italy                        89110           72882              31794         330999             51,086
Japan                        78693          126199               1365          86030             17,489
Netherlands                      0              10                 40               0                 0
New Zealand                     79              18                  0             10                  0
Norway                           4               1                 24               3             1,849
Portugal                         0               0                  0               0            19,732
Spain                        31715          157206                306         115548             34,436
Sweden                           0               0                  1               5                 0
Switzerland                  32074           25755                 32               0               174
United Kingdom                 279               3               9998               0            17,798
United States                    0           77339                  0          14190             32,759

2003 CDI Average

Source: World Resources Institute. 2005. EarthTrends: The Environmental Information Portal. Available at http://earthtrends.wr
Resources Institute.




Tropical timber
                                   Gross timber imports from tropical countries, 2003
                                                                       Imports/capita
                 Imports of wood                                         with Europe
Country            and cork ($)       Population   Imports/capita       averaged out    Score
Australia        $ 219,891,533          19,731,984 $           11.14 $          11.14           6.0
Austria          $    12,593,962         8,162,656 $            1.54 $          11.00           6.0
Belgium          $ 408,050,230          10,330,824 $           39.50 $          11.00           6.0
Canada           $ 158,950,512          32,207,113 $            4.94 $           4.94           8.2
Denmark          $    73,324,729         5,394,138 $           13.59 $          11.00           6.0
Finland          $    13,055,265         5,204,405 $            2.51 $          11.00           6.0
France           $ 574,063,762          60,180,529 $            9.54 $          11.00           6.0
Germany          $ 393,088,000          82,398,326 $            4.77 $          11.00           6.0
Greece           $    54,984,226        10,625,945 $            5.17 $          11.00           6.0
Ireland          $    90,584,826         3,924,023 $           23.08 $          11.00           6.0
Italy            $ 615,208,369          57,998,353 $           10.61 $          11.00           6.0
Japan            $ 2,866,772,551       127,214,499 $           22.53 $          22.53           1.9
Netherlands      $ 357,873,694          16,223,248 $           22.06 $          11.00           6.0
New Zealand      $    22,176,459         3,951,307 $            5.61 $           5.61           8.0
Norway           $    32,146,937         4,555,400 $            7.06 $          11.00           6.0
Portugal         $ 141,862,312          10,479,955 $           13.54 $          11.00           6.0
Spain            $ 346,383,775          40,217,413 $            8.61 $          11.00           6.0
Sweden           $    24,043,753         8,970,306 $            2.68 $          11.00           6.0
Switzerland      $    15,066,797         7,408,319 $            2.03 $          11.00           6.0
United Kingdom   $ 586,108,369          60,094,648 $            9.75 $          11.00           6.0
United States    $ 2,606,895,981       290,342,554 $            8.98 $           8.98           6.8

2003 CDI Average                                                       $       13.86


Source: U.N. Statistics Division, COMTRADE database.
      Sustainable fisheries                Biodiversity and global ecosystems

                    Ratification of                                       Tropical
                    UN Fisheries        Imports of                         wood
Fishing subsidies    Agreement       selected species CBD ratification    imports    Overall score
              3.5               10.0             10.0             10.0           6.0            4.4
             10.0               10.0               7.4            10.0           6.0            5.9
              9.8               10.0               7.5            10.0           6.0            6.6
              6.5               10.0               6.7            10.0           8.2            5.0
            -75.2               10.0               7.2            10.0           6.0            2.5
              9.3               10.0               9.7            10.0           6.0            6.5
              9.0               10.0             -0.4             10.0           6.0            5.9
              9.9               10.0               1.8            10.0           6.0            6.1
              5.7               10.0               5.7            10.0           6.0            5.5
              7.7               10.0             10.0             10.0           6.0            7.6
              7.8               10.0             -7.9             10.0           6.0            4.6
            -61.1                0.0               5.1            10.0           1.9            0.3
              9.2               10.0               7.4            10.0           6.0            6.9
             10.0               10.0               9.7            10.0           8.0            6.6
            -13.1               10.0               9.3            10.0           6.0            8.1
              9.9               10.0               6.3            10.0           6.0            5.8
              4.8               10.0             -6.5             10.0           6.0            3.8
              1.5               10.0               7.7            10.0           6.0            6.9
             10.0                0.0             -3.4             10.0           6.0            4.6
             10.0               10.0               8.3            10.0           6.0            7.3
              9.6               10.0               1.9              0.0          6.8            2.0

             5%                 5%              10%                5%           15%
  Reporting Format - CRF),
/items/3734.php - summary2 tables for each




              Emissions of CO2 CH4 N2O HFCs PFCs SF6 CO NOX NMVOC SO2, 2002 (thousand tons CO2 equivalent)




                         1995             1996        1997           1998        1999         2000        2001
                      458,947          462,093     470,476        493,374     496,527      510,200     518,287
                       65,585           73,905      64,402         65,484      59,073       64,772      65,947
                      150,757          155,044     146,355        151,524     145,760      145,979     144,139
                      842,979          588,506     555,094        775,690     653,690      594,115     597,730
                       75,782           89,702      80,064         75,288      72,888       71,298      70,468
                       56,156           54,411      59,081         56,314      54,877       53,722      56,018
                      521,249          532,479     524,068        537,396     519,613      526,735     521,477
                    1,064,492        1,083,493   1,045,941      1,019,724     987,956      985,832   1,002,029
                      108,826          112,730     117,790        123,391     122,304      128,797     127,990
                       59,553           61,799      63,287         65,788      67,165       69,235      70,942
                      428,643          418,600     431,908        446,188     444,726      455,975     449,426
                    1,260,713        1,270,806   1,264,105      1,221,219   1,242,616    1,260,566   1,235,780
                      227,271          235,267     228,462        229,891     217,769      216,850     218,594
                       49,356           50,742      51,285         48,088      49,148       50,081      52,541
                       35,933           38,400      38,745         33,099      33,884       28,237      27,443
                       69,519           65,610      68,888         73,293      81,200       78,476      80,449
                      274,253          266,115     286,838        297,624     324,325      335,945     336,680
                       45,579           44,440      41,513         50,272      52,624       35,585      42,231
                       47,842           49,377      48,308         51,176      47,516       52,972      51,893
                        711,132            732,109           708,072              703,006     671,841     673,541     676,445
                      5,742,196          5,998,526         5,994,090            6,111,008   6,148,244   6,390,514   6,259,501




emissions/GDP over time; with a constant growth rate, this relationship is linear.

  Reporting Format - CRF),
/items/3734.php - summary2 tables for each country.




                    Score
                             2.2
                             4.1
                             5.5
                             1.6
                             4.4
                             5.5
                             5.5
                             5.6
                             3.9
                             3.9
                             5.7
                             2.9
                             6.1
                             2.4
                             4.5
                             6.7
                             4.3
                             4.7
                             3.0
                             6.2
                             0.7




0 and 335-337; CPI from ftp://ftp.bls.gov/pub/special.requests/cpi/cpiai.txt.
                                                              Total CFCs,
                                             Other Fully        HCFCs,
              Methyl          Methyl        Halogenated         Methyl                     Consumpti
HCFCs        Bromide        Chloroform         CFCs            Bromide        Population   on/ capita
     168.4         109.4              0.0               0.0          278.9    19,873,000.0       14.0
     797.8           34.9             0.0               0.0          832.5    31,630,000.0       26.3
   2,683.4       2,952.6              0.0              -3.0        5,929.6   381,548,206.8       15.5
   2,699.0         857.8            -31.8               0.0        3,560.7   127,573,000.0       27.9
      22.8           20.9             0.0               0.0           43.6     4,009,200.0       10.9
      21.4            1.3             0.0               0.0          -42.8     4,577,457.0       -9.3
      16.5            6.3             0.1               0.0           13.7     7,338,957.5        1.9
   7,327.3       4,053.0              1.9               0.0      12,985.5    290,809,984.0       44.7
f Ratification, Bonn,




                                     Ratification of
                                     UN Fisheries
                                    Agreement, end-
                                          2004


                    Score                              Score
                              3.5                 1       10    75.7
                             10.0                 1       10
                              9.8                 1       10     1.7
                              6.5                 1       10    71.9
                            -75.2                 1       10    43.2
                              9.3                 1       10     3.2
                              9.0                 1       10    54.7
                              9.9                 1       10     5.3
                              5.7                 1       10    55.3
                              7.7                 1       10     7.2
                              7.8                 1       10   120.8
                            -61.1                 0        0    50.0
                              9.2                 1       10    10.6
                             10.0                 1       10     0.0
                            -13.1                 1       10     9.1
                              9.9                 1       10     0.9
                              4.8                 1       10     0.2
                              1.5                 1       10   227.9
                             10.0                 0        0     6.4
                             10.0                 1       10
                              9.6                 1       10     0.3
                                                                                                          84.8
                                             Max:                    1




f selected species under the CITES Treaty, 2002




                                    Live lizard                                         Imports/
             Live coral imports      imports         Total imports       Population      capita      Score
                           148                 306              495        19,546,792          0.0        10.0
                          4523                  87            13447         8,148,312          1.7          7.4
                                            16,845            16909        10,311,970          1.6          7.5
                         46238              17,496            67995        31,902,268          2.1          6.7
                          4705               2,145             9767         5,374,693          1.8          7.2
                           955                   3             1040         5,193,039          0.2          9.7
                         76566              21,508           401587        59,925,035          6.7         -0.4
                        123000              41,323           434920        82,350,671          5.3          1.8
                          2077               8,048            29638        10,603,863          2.8          5.7
                                                                 44         3,879,155          0.0        10.0
                         54367            38,077             668315        57,926,999         11.5         -7.9
                         63937            31,567             405280       127,065,841          3.2          5.1
                         18825             8,515              27390        16,122,830          1.7          7.4
                           723                 0                830         3,908,037          0.2          9.7
                           154                 4               2039         4,535,591          0.4          9.3
                          2727             2,552              25011        10,433,867          2.4          6.3
                         12484            74,642             426337        40,152,517         10.6         -6.5
                         10816             2,451              13273         8,954,175          1.5          7.7
                          5353               394              63782         7,361,757          8.7         -3.4
                         34065             4,073              66216        59,912,431          1.1          8.3
                        605998           769,501            1499787       287,675,526          5.2          1.9

                                                                                              3.2

l. Available at http://earthtrends.wri.org. Washington D.C.: World
quivalent)                                                                              PPP GDP (1995 $)




                  2002   2003          1993       1994       1995       1996        1997       1998       1999
               525,422     505,537   3.52E+11   3.67E+11   3.83E+11   3.97E+11   4.144E+11   4.36E+11   4.55E+11
                71,216      76,018   1.74E+11   1.79E+11   1.82E+11   1.85E+11   1.882E+11   1.95E+11      2E+11
               142,719     146,323   2.05E+11   2.11E+11   2.16E+11   2.19E+11   2.268E+11   2.32E+11   2.39E+11
               731,670     742,425   6.05E+11   6.35E+11   6.52E+11   6.63E+11   6.909E+11   7.19E+11   7.58E+11
                68,404      73,253   1.15E+11   1.22E+11   1.25E+11   1.28E+11   1.318E+11   1.35E+11   1.38E+11
                58,369      67,389   8.77E+10   9.12E+10   9.47E+10   9.85E+10   1.046E+11    1.1E+11   1.15E+11
               502,960     501,105   1.16E+12   1.19E+12   1.21E+12   1.22E+12   1.244E+12   1.29E+12   1.33E+12
               982,587     995,404   1.73E+12   1.77E+12    1.8E+12   1.81E+12   1.835E+12   1.87E+12   1.91E+12
               127,561     131,755   1.29E+11   1.31E+11   1.34E+11   1.37E+11   1.423E+11   1.47E+11   1.52E+11
                68,845      68,509   5.31E+10   5.61E+10   6.17E+10   6.65E+10   7.373E+10   8.01E+10   8.88E+10
               445,480     462,482   1.15E+12   1.17E+12   1.21E+12   1.22E+12   1.246E+12   1.27E+12   1.29E+12
             1,267,663   1,263,346   2.75E+12   2.77E+12   2.82E+12   2.92E+12   2.968E+12   2.93E+12   2.95E+12
               218,104     219,222   3.14E+11   3.22E+11   3.31E+11   3.41E+11   3.543E+11    3.7E+11   3.83E+11
                52,362      52,942   5.74E+10   6.05E+10    6.3E+10   6.49E+10   6.609E+10   6.64E+10   6.94E+10
                25,633      29,036   1.14E+11    1.2E+11   1.25E+11   1.31E+11   1.368E+11    1.4E+11   1.42E+11
                85,110      92,831   1.23E+11   1.25E+11    1.3E+11   1.34E+11   1.397E+11   1.46E+11   1.51E+11
               353,847     360,057   5.82E+11   5.96E+11   6.12E+11   6.27E+11   6.523E+11   6.81E+11   7.09E+11
                43,175      48,464   1.63E+11   1.69E+11   1.76E+11   1.77E+11   1.811E+11   1.88E+11   1.96E+11
                51,067      54,447   1.76E+11   1.77E+11   1.78E+11   1.78E+11   1.814E+11   1.86E+11   1.89E+11
  655,820     661,530 1.08E+12 1.13E+12 1.17E+12   1.2E+12 1.237E+12 1.27E+12 1.3E+12
6,252,682   6,292,271 6.87E+12 7.15E+12 7.34E+12   7.6E+12 7.943E+12 8.29E+12 8.63E+12
Approval of Convention on Biodiversity, as
              of end-2002




                       Ratified?      Score
Australia                      1         10
Austria                        1         10
Belgium                        1         10
Canada                         1         10
Denmark                        1         10
Finland                        1         10
France                         1         10
Germany                        1         10
Greece                         1         10
Ireland                        1         10
Italy                          1         10
Japan                          1         10
Netherlands                    1         10
New Zealand                    1         10
Norway                         1         10
Portugal                       1         10
Spain                          1         10
Sweden                         1         10
Switzerland                    1         10
United Kingdom                 1         10
United States                  0          0

Max                           1


Source: United Nations Framework
Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto
Protocol: Status of Ratification, Bonn,
http://unfccc.int/files/essential_background
/kyoto_protocol/application/pdf/kpstats.pdf.
995 $)




           2000        2001         2002       2003
         4.64E+11    4.8171E+11   4.99E+11   5.04E+11
         2.06E+11   2.08379E+11   2.11E+11    2.1E+11
         2.48E+11   2.50961E+11   2.53E+11   2.56E+11
         7.93E+11   8.04412E+11   8.31E+11   8.38E+11
         1.42E+11   1.43736E+11   1.46E+11   1.48E+11
         1.21E+11    1.2201E+11   1.24E+11   1.23E+11
         1.38E+12   1.40321E+12   1.42E+12   1.42E+12
         1.96E+12   1.97396E+12   1.98E+12   1.98E+12
         1.59E+11   1.65159E+11   1.72E+11   1.86E+11
         9.89E+10    1.0473E+11   1.09E+11   1.26E+11
         1.33E+12   1.34885E+12   1.35E+12   1.36E+12
         3.02E+12   3.00674E+12   2.99E+12   3.12E+12
         3.97E+11   4.01238E+11   4.02E+11   4.15E+11
         7.12E+10   73427082439   7.62E+10   7.38E+10
         1.45E+11   1.46863E+11    1.5E+11   1.47E+11
         1.57E+11   1.59093E+11    1.6E+11   1.63E+11
         7.38E+11   7.58048E+11   7.72E+11   7.96E+11
         2.03E+11   2.05596E+11   2.09E+11   2.08E+11
         1.94E+11   1.96862E+11   1.96E+11   1.93E+11
1.34E+12 1.37037E+12 1.39E+12 1.4E+12
8.99E+12 9.01392E+12 9.22E+12 9.45E+12
Environment

                                                  Global climate
                                     % change in                    Consumption
                                        GHG                           of ozone-
               GHG emissions/        emissions/    Gasoline tax       depleting     Kyoto Protocol
                  capita                GDP              es          substances       ratification
Australia                 -1.0                 5.6           2.2               0.2                 0.0
Austria                    6.4                 3.5           3.9               0.7               10.0
Belgium                    4.3                 6.0           4.9               0.7               10.0
Canada                     0.6                 3.1           1.6              (4.5)              10.0
Denmark                    4.8                 8.4           4.4               0.7               10.0
Finland                    5.4                 2.5           5.2               0.7               10.0
France                     6.6                 5.6           5.5               0.7               10.0
Germany                    5.1                 6.3           5.4               0.7               10.0
Greece                     5.1                 1.6           3.8               0.7               10.0
Ireland                    2.7               13.3            3.6               0.7               10.0
Italy                      6.8                 2.2           5.5               0.7               10.0
Japan                      5.9                 2.2           2.8              (7.2)              10.0
Netherlands                4.5                 7.6           5.7               0.7               10.0
New Zealand                4.5                 5.9           2.4               4.7               10.0
Norway                     7.7               13.1            4.5             14.5                10.0
Portugal                   6.7                 0.5           6.3               0.7               10.0
Spain                      6.4               -1.3            4.3               0.7               10.0
Sweden                     8.0               13.7            4.5               0.7               10.0
Switzerland                7.2                 2.2           2.9               8.5               10.0
United Kingdom             5.5                 9.5           6.0               0.7               10.0
United States              1.1                 4.8           0.7            (21.3)                 0.0

Weight                       10%             15%             15%              10%                10%


Greenhouse gas emissions/capita, 2002



                 Total Emissions
               of CO2 CH4 N2O
                HFCs PFCs SF6
                     including
               emissions/remova
                ls from land use,
               land-use change,
                      forestry                          GHG
                    (LULUCF)                         emissions/
                 (thousand tons                     capita, 2002
                CO2 equivalent),     Population,     (tons CO2
                       2002             2002         equivalent)        Score
Australia               525,421.74     19,546,792            26.9               -1.0
Austria                  71,216.16      8,148,312             8.7                6.4
Belgium                 142,719.40     10,311,970            13.8                4.3
Canada                  731,670.01     31,902,268            22.9                0.6
Denmark                  68,404.36      5,374,693            12.7                4.8
Finland                 58,368.94       5,193,039            11.2             5.4
France                 502,960.15      59,925,035             8.4             6.6
Germany                982,586.84      82,350,671            11.9             5.1
Greece                 127,560.88      10,603,863            12.0             5.1
Ireland                 68,844.92       3,879,155            17.7             2.7
Italy                  445,480.34      57,926,999             7.7             6.8
Japan                1,267,662.55     127,065,841            10.0             5.9
Netherlands            218,103.64      16,122,830            13.5             4.5
New Zealand             52,361.72       3,908,037            13.4             4.5
Norway                  25,633.30       4,535,591             5.7             7.7
Portugal                85,109.72      10,433,867             8.2             6.7
Spain                  353,846.89      40,152,517             8.8             6.4
Sweden                  43,174.85       8,954,175             4.8             8.0
Switzerland             51,067.03       7,361,757             6.9             7.2
United Kingdom         655,820.13      59,912,431            10.9             5.5
United States        6,252,682.43     287,675,526            21.7             1.1

2003 CDI Average                                             12.2



Source: Emissions figures from UNFCCC Greenhouse Gases Inventory Database (Common Reporting Format - CRF),
http://unfccc.int/national_reports/annex_i_ghg_inventories/national_inventories_submissions/items/3734.php - summary2 table
country;


Growth rate of of greenhouse gas emissions/GDP, 1993-2003

                 Average annual                                                                      Emissions of CO2 CH
                  growth rate of
                      GHG
                 emissions/PPP
                 GDP, 1992-2002         Score                                1992             1993
Australia                   -2.4%                5.6                      465,519          454,569
Austria                     -1.5%                3.5                       63,763           59,909
Belgium                     -2.5%                6.0                      145,448          144,287
Canada                      -1.3%                3.1                      445,984          535,224
Denmark                     -3.5%                8.4                       73,262           75,713
Finland                     -1.1%                2.5                       37,471           41,831
France                      -2.4%                5.6                      547,333          513,365
Germany                     -2.7%                6.3                    1,099,762        1,086,149
Greece                      -0.7%                1.6                      106,417          105,533
Ireland                     -5.6%               13.3                       56,552           56,800
Italy                       -0.9%                2.2                      420,524          429,847
Japan                       -0.9%                2.2                    1,219,016        1,211,713
Netherlands                 -3.2%                7.6                      218,812          224,192
New Zealand                 -2.5%                5.9                       48,213           48,940
Norway                      -5.5%               13.1                       31,499           34,014
Portugal                    -0.2%                0.5                       66,654           64,622
Spain                        0.6%               -1.3                      257,115          245,071
Sweden                      -5.8%               13.7                       63,996           57,375
Switzerland                 -0.9%                2.2                       54,909           47,708
United Kingdom               -4.0%               9.5                          755,777          733,929
United States                -2.0%               4.8                        5,491,517        5,679,132

2003 CDI Average             -2.1%

Note: These "least squares" growth rates are computed by fitting a line to the graph of log of emissions/GDP over time; with a c
Estimating growth rates this way reduces sensitivity to aberrations in the start and final year.
Source: Emissions figures from UNFCCC Greenhouse Gases Inventory Database (Common Reporting Format - CRF),
http://unfccc.int/national_reports/annex_i_ghg_inventories/national_inventories_submissions/items/3734.php - summary2 table

Gasoline taxes, 2003

                                                       Price (PPP $/                    Taxes (PPP $/
               Grade                                        liter)        Taxes/price       liter)
Australia      Regular unleaded                        $           0.65           52%   $          0.34
Austria        Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $           0.94           64%   $          0.60
Belgium        Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $           1.11           67%   $          0.75
Canada         Regular unleaded                        $           0.61           41%   $          0.25
Denmark        Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $           0.95           70%   $          0.66
Finland        Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $           1.09           72%   $          0.78
France         Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $           1.12           74%   $          0.83
Germany        Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $           1.11           74%   $          0.82
Greece         Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $           1.04           55%   $          0.57
Ireland        Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $           0.86           64%   $          0.55
Italy          Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $           1.24           68%   $          0.84
Japan          Regular unleaded                        $           0.76           55%   $          0.42
Netherlands    Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $           1.21           71%   $          0.86
New Zealand    Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $           0.76           48%   $          0.36
Norway         Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $           0.99           69%   $          0.68
Portugal       Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $           1.41           68%   $          0.96
Spain          Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $           1.04           62%   $          0.65
Sweden         Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $           0.97           70%   $          0.68
Switzerland    Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $           0.70           63%   $          0.44
United Kingdom Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $           1.19           76%   $          0.90
United States  Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $           0.47           22%   $          0.10

2003 CDI Average                                                                        $         0.76

U.S. Consumer Price Index                                                                        179.9

Source: OECD, IEA, Energy Prices and Taxes, First Quarter 2007 (Paris: 2007); pg. 308-310 and 335-337; CPI from ftp://ftp.bl



Consumption of selected Ozone-Depleting Substances (in ODP Metric Tons), 2002

                   Consumption/       Standardized
                      person             score
Australia                    20.0                0.2
Austria                      18.9                0.7
Belgium                      18.9                0.7
Canada                       29.5              -4.5
Denmark                      18.9               0.7
Finland                      18.9               0.7
France                       18.9               0.7
Germany                      18.9               0.7
Greece                       18.9               0.7
Ireland                      18.9               0.7
Italy                        18.9               0.7
Japan                        35.0              -7.2
Netherlands                  18.9               0.7
New Zealand                  10.9               4.7
Norway                       (9.2)             14.5
Portugal                     18.9               0.7
Spain                        18.9               0.7
Sweden                       18.9               0.7
Switzerland                   3.1               8.5
United Kingdom               18.9               0.7
United States                63.8             -21.3

2003 CDI Average             10.2


Consumption of selected Ozone-Depleting Substances (in ODP Metric Tons), 2002



                                     Bromochlorom     Carbon
Country               CFCs              ethane      Tetrachloride    Halons         HBFCs
Australia                     9.8               0.0            0.0         -3.9             0.0
Canada                      -12.6               0.0           -0.4          0.0             0.0
European Union             -265.8               0.0     -12,299.8      -1,609.0             0.0
Japan                        19.5               0.0          30.4           0.0             0.0
New Zealand                  -4.7               0.0            0.0          0.0             0.0
Norway                      -73.5               0.0            0.0          0.0             0.0
Switzerland                  -3.4               0.0            3.3          0.0             0.0
United States             1,357.2               0.0      -2,182.4           0.0             0.7

Source: United Nations Environment Programme Ozone Secretariat, Nairobi, October 2004.

Population Data: World Development Indicators 2006
Ratification of Kyoto Protocol, as of end-2003

                         Ratified?           Score
Australia                        0               0
Austria                          1              10
Belgium                          1              10
Canada                           1              10
Denmark                          1              10
Finland                          1              10
France                           1              10
Germany                          1              10
Greece                           1              10
Ireland                          1              10
Italy                            1              10
Japan                            1              10
Netherlands                      1              10
New Zealand                      1              10
Norway                           1              10
Portugal                         1              10
Spain                            1              10
Sweden                           1              10
Switzerland                      1              10
United Kingdom                   1              10
United States                    0               0

Max                              1

Source: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto Protocol: Status of Ratification, Bonn,
http://unfccc.int/files/essential_background/kyoto_protocol/application/pdf/kpstats.pdf.


Sustainable fisheries




                                     Fishing subsidies/capita
                                                       Fishing
                                        PPP           subsidies                       Fishing
               Fishing subsidies,    Conversion     2001 (Million    Population,     subsides/
                2001 (million $)     Rates-2001         in $)           2001         person ($)
Australia                    98.2             1.33            73.8    19,414,000              5.1
Austria                       0.0                                      8,032,000              0.0
Belgium                       3.2            0.90             3.5     10,287,000              0.3
Canada                      444.8            1.22           364.6     31,081,900             14.3
Denmark                       0.0            8.35             0.0      5,359,000              0.0
Finland                       5.8            0.98             5.9      5,188,000              1.1
France                       57.3            0.90            63.7     59,190,600              1.0
Germany                       5.7            0.98             5.8     82,333,000              0.1
Greece                       33.7            0.69            48.8     10,964,000              3.1
Ireland                       0.0            0.99             0.0      3,864,728              0.0
Italy                       127.6            0.82           155.6     57,704,719              2.2
Japan                     5959.0           149.00            40.0    127,140,000             46.9
Netherlands                  11.0            0.92            12.0     16,039,000              0.7
New Zealand                   0.0            1.47             0.0      3,880,500              0.0
Norway                      155.0            9.12            17.0      4,513,000             34.3
Portugal                      1.0            0.66             1.5     10,296,000              0.1
Spain                       314.8            0.75           419.7     40,734,000              7.7
Sweden                       35.2            9.34             3.8      8,894,000              4.0
Switzerland                   0.0                                      7,231,000              0.0
United Kingdom                1.7             0.62            2.7     59,050,000              0.0
United States               105.2             1.00          105.2    285,318,000              0.4

2003 CDI Average                                                                                  4.0
Denmark fishing subsidies data for 2000. Ireland fishing subsidies data for 2002.
Souce: Review of Fisheries in OECD Countries: Policies and Summary Statistics. 2005. OECD.


Endangered species, biodiversity

                                                                                   Imports of selected species under the CITES




                                                                                          Live parrot
Country            Crocodile skins      Lizard skins      Cat skins     Snakeskins          Imports
Australia                        0                  1              15            25                   0
Austria                       5663               2290              14              2                868
Belgium                         13                  0               3            48                   0
Canada                         278                224               0           286               3,473
Denmark                       1761                  0            1089            67                   0
Finland                          2                  0              79              0                  1
France                      194445              68456             567          9064              30,981
Germany                      56913              50217             456        159409               3,602
Greece                           0                  0            2343              0             17,170
Ireland                          0                  0               2              0                 42
Italy                        89110              72882           31794        330999              51,086
Japan                        78693             126199            1365         86030              17,489
Netherlands                      0                 10              40              0                  0
New Zealand                     79                 18               0            10                   0
Norway                           4                  1              24              3              1,849
Portugal                         0                  0               0              0             19,732
Spain                        31715             157206             306        115548              34,436
Sweden                           0                  0               1              5                  0
Switzerland                  32074              25755              32              0                174
United Kingdom                 279                  3            9998              0             17,798
United States                    0              77339               0         14190              32,759

2003 CDI Average

Source: World Resources Institute. 2005. EarthTrends: The Environmental Information Portal. Available at http://earthtrends.wr
World Resources Institute.




Tropical timber

                                     Gross timber imports from tropical countries, 2002
                                                                    Imports/capita
               Imports of wood                                        with Europe
Country          and cork ($)       Population     Imports/capita    averaged out    Score
Australia      $ 176,724,663          19,546,792    $       9.04    $         9.04           6.7
Austria        $     8,874,415         8,148,312    $       1.09    $         9.85           6.4
Belgium        $ 331,798,804          10,311,970    $      32.18    $         9.85           6.4
Canada         $ 152,185,755          31,902,268    $       4.77    $         4.77           8.3
Denmark        $    64,360,549         5,374,693    $      11.97    $         9.85           6.4
Finland        $    11,391,804         5,193,039    $       2.19    $         9.85           6.4
France         $ 493,183,359          59,925,035    $       8.23    $         9.85           6.4
Germany        $ 365,304,000          82,350,671    $       4.44    $         9.85           6.4
Greece         $    65,570,636        10,603,863    $       6.18    $         9.85           6.4
Ireland        $    69,197,807         3,879,155    $      17.84    $         9.85           6.4
Italy          $ 507,130,774          57,926,999    $       8.75    $         9.85           6.4
Japan          $ 2,801,439,301       127,065,841    $      22.05    $        22.05           2.0
Netherlands    $ 325,054,075          16,122,830    $      20.16    $         9.85           6.4
New Zealand    $    17,653,787         3,908,037    $       4.52    $         4.52           8.4
Norway         $    31,435,866         4,535,591    $       6.93    $         9.85           6.4
Portugal       $ 160,742,942          10,433,867    $      15.41    $         9.85           6.4
Spain          $ 297,623,676          40,152,517    $       7.41    $         9.85           6.4
Sweden         $    24,901,854         8,954,175    $       2.78    $         9.85           6.4
Switzerland    $    13,926,701         7,361,757    $       1.89    $         9.85           6.4
United Kingdom $ 610,163,890          59,912,431    $      10.18    $         9.85           6.4
United States  $ 2,498,008,390       287,675,526    $       8.68    $         8.68           6.9

2003 CDI Average                                                    $       13.86


Source: U.N. Statistics Division, COMTRADE database.
       Sustainable fisheries                Biodiversity and global ecosystems

                     Ratification of                                       Tropical
                     UN Fisheries        Imports of                         wood
Fishing subsidies     Agreement       selected species CBD ratification    imports    Overall score
               3.6               10.0             10.0             10.0           6.7            4.3
             10.0                10.0               7.4            10.0           6.4            6.0
               9.6               10.0               7.5            10.0           6.4            6.3
              -8.0               10.0               6.7            10.0           8.3            3.8
             10.0                10.0               7.2            10.0           6.4            6.6
               8.6               10.0               9.7            10.0           6.4            6.1
               8.8               10.0             -0.4             10.0           6.4            5.8
               9.9               10.0               1.8            10.0           6.4            6.0
               6.1               10.0               5.7            10.0           6.4            5.2
             10.0                10.0             10.0             10.0           6.4            7.3
               7.2               10.0             -7.9             10.0           6.4            4.4
            -49.0                 0.0               5.1            10.0           2.0            0.5
               9.1               10.0               7.4            10.0           6.4            6.7
             10.0                10.0               9.7            10.0           8.4            6.9
            -33.2                10.0               9.3            10.0           6.4            7.1
               9.9               10.0               6.3            10.0           6.4            5.8
               0.3               10.0             -6.5             10.0           6.4            3.5
               5.0               10.0               7.7            10.0           6.4            7.6
             10.0                 0.0             -3.4             10.0           6.4            5.0
             10.0                10.0               8.3            10.0           6.4            7.2
               9.5               10.0               1.9              0.0          6.9            1.0

              5%                 5%              10%                5%           15%
mon Reporting Format - CRF),
 ns/items/3734.php - summary2 tables for each




               Emissions of CO2 CH4 N2O HFCs PFCs SF6 CO NOX NMVOC SO2, 2002 (thousand tons CO2 equivalent)




                          1994            1995         1996           1997        1998         1999        2000
                       457,135         458,947      462,093        470,476     493,374      496,527     510,200
                        62,045          65,585       73,905         64,402      65,484       59,073      64,772
                       148,969         150,757      155,044        146,355     151,524      145,760     145,979
                       645,773         842,979      588,506        555,094     775,690      653,690     594,115
                        78,516          75,782       89,702         80,064      75,288       72,888      71,298
                        57,774          56,156       54,411         59,081      56,314       54,877      53,722
                       510,991         521,249      532,479        524,068     537,396      519,613     526,735
                     1,067,153       1,064,492    1,083,493      1,045,941   1,019,724      987,956     985,832
                       108,599         108,826      112,730        117,790     123,391      122,304     128,797
                        58,277          59,553       61,799         63,287      65,788       67,165      69,235
                       406,647         428,643      418,600        431,908     446,188      444,726     455,975
                     1,282,673       1,260,713    1,270,806      1,264,105   1,221,219    1,242,616   1,260,566
                       223,916         227,271      235,267        228,462     229,891      217,769     216,850
                        49,785          49,356       50,742         51,285      48,088       49,148      50,081
                        35,447          35,933       38,400         38,745      33,099       33,884      28,237
                        65,492          69,519       65,610         68,888      73,293       81,200      78,476
                       261,983         274,253      266,115        286,838     297,624      324,325     335,945
                        46,893          45,579       44,440         41,513      50,272       52,624      35,585
                        46,676          47,842       49,377         48,308      51,176       47,516      52,972
                        721,369           711,132            732,109           708,072     703,006     671,841     673,541
                      5,685,280         5,742,196          5,998,526         5,994,090   6,111,008   6,148,244   6,390,514




 of emissions/GDP over time; with a constant growth rate, this relationship is linear.
ar.
mon Reporting Format - CRF),
 ns/items/3734.php - summary2 tables for each country.




                    Score
                            2.2
                            3.9
                            4.9
                            1.6
                            4.4
                            5.2
                            5.5
                            5.4
                            3.8
                            3.6
                            5.5
                            2.8
                            5.7
                            2.4
                            4.5
                            6.3
                            4.3
                            4.5
                            2.9
                            6.0
                            0.7




310 and 335-337; CPI from ftp://ftp.bls.gov/pub/special.requests/cpi/cpiai.txt.
                                                                    Total CFCs,
                                                   Other Fully        HCFCs,
                    Methyl          Methyl        Halogenated         Methyl                     Consumpti
     HCFCs         Bromide        Chloroform         CFCs            Bromide        Population   on/ capita
           190.0         193.8              0.0               0.0          393.6    19,641,000.0       20.0
           878.4           57.8            -0.1               0.0          923.6    31,362,000.0       29.5
         3,272.5       4,183.8            -39.3               3.0        7,190.5   379,721,457.5       18.9
         2,670.5       1,769.7         -2,029.1               0.0        4,459.7   127,399,000.0       35.0
            21.2           26.3             0.0               0.0           42.7     3,939,100.0       10.9
            29.4            2.3             0.0              -1.0          -41.8     4,538,000.0       -9.2
            14.3           12.0             0.0               0.0           22.9     7,284,695.0        3.1
        13,978.5       3,051.0              2.4              -1.0      18,386.7    288,368,992.0       63.8

4.
s of Ratification, Bonn,




                                            Ratification of
                                            UN Fisheries
                                           Agreement, end-
                                               2004?


                    Score                                     Score
                              3.6                        1       10
                             10.0                        1       10
                              9.6                        1       10
                             -8.0                        1       10
                             10.0                        1       10
                              8.6                        1       10
                              8.8                        1       10
                              9.9                        1       10
                              6.1                        1       10
                             10.0                        1       10
                              7.2                        1       10
                            -49.0                        0        0
                              9.1                        1       10
                             10.0                        1       10
                            -33.2                        1       10
                              9.9                        1       10
                              0.3                        1       10
                              5.0                        1       10
                             10.0                        0        0
                             10.0                        1       10
                              9.5                        1       10

                                    Max:                 1
 of selected species under the CITES Treaty, 2002




                                     Live lizard                                      Imports/
              Live coral imports      imports         Total imports    Population      capita      Score
                            148                 306              495     19,546,792          0.0        10.0
                           4523                  87            13447      8,148,312          1.7          7.4
                                             16,845            16909     10,311,970          1.6          7.5
                          46238              17,496            67995     31,902,268          2.1          6.7
                           4705               2,145             9767      5,374,693          1.8          7.2
                            955                   3             1040      5,193,039          0.2          9.7
                          76566              21,508           401587     59,925,035          6.7         -0.4
                         123000              41,323           434920     82,350,671          5.3          1.8
                           2077               8,048            29638     10,603,863          2.8          5.7
                                                                  44      3,879,155          0.0        10.0
                          54367             38,077            668315     57,926,999         11.5         -7.9
                          63937             31,567            405280    127,065,841          3.2          5.1
                          18825              8,515             27390     16,122,830          1.7          7.4
                            723                  0               830      3,908,037          0.2          9.7
                            154                  4              2039      4,535,591          0.4          9.3
                           2727              2,552             25011     10,433,867          2.4          6.3
                          12484             74,642            426337     40,152,517         10.6         -6.5
                          10816              2,451             13273      8,954,175          1.5          7.7
                           5353                394             63782      7,361,757          8.7         -3.4
                          34065              4,073             66216     59,912,431          1.1          8.3
                         605998            769,501           1499787    287,675,526          5.2          1.9

                                                                                            3.2

ortal. Available at http://earthtrends.wri.org. Washington D.C.:
quivalent)                                                                                 PPP GDP (1995 $)




                  2001   2002            1992        1993         1994        1995        1996       1997
               518,287     525,422   3.39279E+11   3.52E+11   3.67176E+11   3.83E+11   3.967E+11   4.14E+11
                65,947      71,216   1.73486E+11   1.74E+11   1.78748E+11   1.82E+11   1.853E+11   1.88E+11
               144,139     142,719   2.06628E+11   2.05E+11   2.11221E+11   2.16E+11    2.19E+11   2.27E+11
               597,730     731,670   5.91577E+11   6.05E+11   6.34566E+11   6.52E+11   6.627E+11   6.91E+11
                70,468      68,404   1.15239E+11   1.15E+11   1.21536E+11   1.25E+11    1.28E+11   1.32E+11
                56,018      58,369   88736103069   8.77E+10   91185919983   9.47E+10   9.846E+10   1.05E+11
               521,477     502,960   1.17402E+12   1.16E+12   1.18765E+12   1.21E+12   1.221E+12   1.24E+12
             1,002,029     982,587   1.74412E+12   1.73E+12   1.76566E+12    1.8E+12    1.81E+12   1.84E+12
               127,990     127,561   1.30879E+11   1.29E+11    1.3136E+11   1.34E+11   1.373E+11   1.42E+11
                70,942      68,845   51688794158   5.31E+10   56135695664   6.17E+10   6.652E+10   7.37E+10
               449,426     445,480   1.15846E+12   1.15E+12   1.17357E+12   1.21E+12   1.221E+12   1.25E+12
             1,235,780   1,267,663   2.73502E+12   2.75E+12   2.77379E+12   2.82E+12   2.915E+12   2.97E+12
               218,594     218,104   3.10815E+11   3.14E+11   3.21704E+11   3.31E+11   3.412E+11   3.54E+11
                52,541      52,362   53951091814   5.74E+10   60469578752    6.3E+10   6.488E+10   6.61E+10
                27,443      25,633   1.10683E+11   1.14E+11   1.19955E+11   1.25E+11   1.307E+11   1.37E+11
                80,449      85,110   1.25885E+11   1.23E+11   1.24503E+11    1.3E+11   1.344E+11    1.4E+11
               336,680     353,847   5.87878E+11   5.82E+11    5.9568E+11   6.12E+11    6.27E+11   6.52E+11
                42,231      43,175   1.65652E+11   1.63E+11   1.69303E+11   1.76E+11   1.774E+11   1.81E+11
                51,893      51,067   1.76761E+11   1.76E+11   1.76847E+11   1.78E+11   1.783E+11   1.81E+11
  676,445     655,820 1.0558E+12 1.08E+12 1.13253E+12 1.17E+12 1.196E+12 1.24E+12
6,259,501   6,252,682 6.68691E+12 6.87E+12 7.14544E+12 7.34E+12 7.603E+12 7.94E+12
Approval of Convention on Biodiversity, as of
                end-2002




                       Ratified?         Score
Australia                      1            10
Austria                        1            10
Belgium                        1            10
Canada                         1            10
Denmark                        1            10
Finland                        1            10
France                         1            10
Germany                        1            10
Greece                         1            10
Ireland                        1            10
Italy                          1            10
Japan                          1            10
Netherlands                    1            10
New Zealand                    1            10
Norway                         1            10
Portugal                       1            10
Spain                          1            10
Sweden                         1            10
Switzerland                    1            10
United Kingdom                 1            10
United States                  0             0

Max                           1


Source: United Nations Framework
Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto
Protocol: Status of Ratification, Bonn,
http://unfccc.int/files/essential_background/ky
oto_protocol/application/pdf/kpstats.pdf.
GDP (1995 $)




             1998       1999        2000         2001       2002
           4.36E+11   4.55E+11   4.63625E+11   4.82E+11   4.99E+11
           1.95E+11      2E+11   2.06264E+11   2.08E+11   2.11E+11
           2.32E+11   2.39E+11   2.48497E+11   2.51E+11   2.53E+11
           7.19E+11   7.58E+11   7.92913E+11   8.04E+11   8.31E+11
           1.35E+11   1.38E+11   1.42381E+11   1.44E+11   1.46E+11
            1.1E+11   1.15E+11   1.21111E+11   1.22E+11   1.24E+11
           1.29E+12   1.33E+12   1.37792E+12    1.4E+12   1.42E+12
           1.87E+12   1.91E+12    1.9629E+12   1.97E+12   1.98E+12
           1.47E+11   1.52E+11   1.58653E+11   1.65E+11   1.72E+11
           8.01E+10   8.88E+10   98942295214   1.05E+11   1.09E+11
           1.27E+12   1.29E+12   1.32533E+12   1.35E+12   1.35E+12
           2.93E+12   2.95E+12   3.02437E+12   3.01E+12   2.99E+12
            3.7E+11   3.83E+11    3.9677E+11   4.01E+11   4.02E+11
           6.64E+10   6.94E+10   71150270963   7.34E+10   7.62E+10
            1.4E+11   1.42E+11   1.44836E+11   1.47E+11    1.5E+11
           1.46E+11   1.51E+11   1.56503E+11   1.59E+11    1.6E+11
           6.81E+11   7.09E+11   7.37703E+11   7.58E+11   7.72E+11
           1.88E+11   1.96E+11   2.03145E+11   2.06E+11   2.09E+11
           1.86E+11   1.89E+11   1.94278E+11   1.97E+11   1.96E+11
1.27E+12 1.3E+12 1.34078E+12 1.37E+12 1.39E+12
8.29E+12 8.63E+12 8.98677E+12 9.01E+12 9.22E+12
Environment

                                                       Global climate
                                         % change in                         Consumption
                                            GHG                                of ozone-
                   GHG emissions/        emissions/                            depleting     Kyoto Protocol
                      capita                GDP          Gasoline tax es      substances       ratification
Australia                      -1.0                6.7                2.3               0.8                 0.0
Austria                         6.7                4.7                4.0              (5.7)              10.0
Belgium                         4.3                5.4                5.0              (5.7)              10.0
Canada                          2.2                2.3                1.7              (4.6)              10.0
Denmark                         4.6                7.7                4.4              (5.7)              10.0
Finland                         5.6              -2.1                 5.0              (5.7)              10.0
France                          6.4                5.4                5.5              (5.7)              10.0
Germany                         5.0                6.7                5.2              (5.7)              10.0
Greece                          5.0                0.4                3.9              (5.7)              10.0
Ireland                         2.4              12.5                 3.6              (5.7)              10.0
Italy                           6.8                1.9                5.7              (5.7)              10.0
Japan                           6.0                2.3                2.7            (10.2)               10.0
Netherlands                     4.4                7.2                5.7              (5.7)              10.0
New Zealand                     4.4                5.5                2.4               5.9               10.0
Norway                          7.5              11.0                 4.5             10.0                10.0
Portugal                        6.8                1.0                6.0              (5.7)              10.0
Spain                           6.6              -1.2                 4.4              (5.7)              10.0
Sweden                          8.1              13.8                 4.5              (5.7)              10.0
Switzerland                     7.1                3.3                2.9               8.3               10.0
United Kingdom                  5.4                9.7                6.0              (5.7)              10.0
United States                   1.0                4.5                0.7            (26.6)                 0.0

Weight                           10%              15%                15%               10%                10%



Greenhouse gas emissions/capita, 2001




                   Total Emissions of
                 CO2 CH4 N2O HFCs
                 PFCs SF6 including
                  emissions/removals
                  from land use, land-
                 use change, forestry
                 (LULUCF) (thousand                      GHG emissions/
                       tons CO2          Population,    capita, 2001 (tons
                    equivalent), 2001       2001         CO2 equivalent)         Score
Australia                   518,287.16     19,357,594                26.8                -1.0
Austria                      65,947.14      8,131,690                  8.1                6.7
Belgium                     144,139.36     10,291,679                14.0                 4.3
Canada                      597,729.57     31,592,805                18.9                 2.2
Denmark                      70,467.77      5,355,826                13.2                 4.6
Finland                      56,017.51      5,180,309                10.8                 5.6
France                     521,476.65      59,658,144               8.7              6.4
Germany                  1,002,029.45      82,280,551              12.2              5.0
Greece                     127,990.00      10,581,515              12.1              5.0
Ireland                     70,941.58       3,835,025              18.5              2.4
Italy                      449,426.15      57,844,924               7.8              6.8
Japan                    1,235,779.90     126,891,645               9.7              6.0
Netherlands                218,594.11      16,017,445              13.6              4.4
New Zealand                 52,540.68       3,864,129              13.6              4.4
Norway                      27,442.76       4,515,195               6.1              7.5
Portugal                    80,449.07      10,386,753               7.7              6.8
Spain                      336,679.56      40,087,104               8.4              6.6
Sweden                      42,230.84       8,939,915               4.7              8.1
Switzerland                 51,892.74       7,311,237               7.1              7.1
United Kingdom             676,445.04      59,723,243              11.3              5.4
United States            6,259,500.56     285,023,886              22.0              1.0

Average                                                            12.2            0.19




Source: Emissions figures from UNFCCC Greenhouse Gases Inventory Database (Common Reporting Format - CRF),
http://unfccc.int/national_reports/annex_i_ghg_inventories/national_inventories_submissions/items/3734.php - summary2 table


Growth rate of of greenhouse gas emissions/GDP, 1991-2001

                                                                                                              Emissions of
                  Average annual
                growth rate of GHG
               emissions/PPP GDP,
                    1991-2001              Score                                   1991              1992
Australia                      -2.8%                6.7                         478,391           465,519
Austria                        -2.0%                4.7                          65,452            63,763
Belgium                        -2.3%                5.4                         147,463           145,448
Canada                         -1.0%                2.3                         494,781           445,984
Denmark                        -3.3%                7.7                          79,325            73,262
Finland                         0.9%               -2.1                          32,809            37,471
France                         -2.3%                5.4                         558,668           547,333
Germany                        -2.8%                6.7                       1,150,948         1,099,762
Greece                         -0.2%                0.4                         104,586           106,417
Ireland                        -5.3%               12.5                          56,541            56,552
Italy                          -0.8%                1.9                         418,967           420,524
Japan                          -1.0%                2.3                       1,204,930         1,219,016
Netherlands                    -3.0%                7.2                         219,867           218,812
New Zealand                    -2.3%                5.5                          44,742            48,213
Norway                         -4.6%               11.0                          33,568            31,499
Portugal                       -0.4%                1.0                          64,789            66,654
Spain                           0.5%               -1.2                         250,547           257,115
Sweden                         -5.8%               13.8                          56,290            63,996
Switzerland                    -1.4%                3.3                          55,538            54,909
United Kingdom                 -4.1%                9.7                         780,575           755,777
United States                  -1.9%                4.5                       5,392,598         5,491,517
Average                          -2.1%

Note: These "least squares" growth rates are computed by fitting a line to the graph of log of emissions/GDP over time; with a c
Estimating growth rates this way reduces sensitivity to aberrations in the start and final year.
Source: Emissions figures from UNFCCC Greenhouse Gases Inventory Database (Common Reporting Format - CRF),
http://unfccc.int/national_reports/annex_i_ghg_inventories/national_inventories_submissions/items/3734.php - summary2 table

Gasoline taxes, 2002

                                                           Price (PPP $/                     Taxes (PPP $/
                 Grade                                          liter)        Taxes/price        liter)
Australia        Regular unleaded                        $             0.63           54%    $          0.34
Austria          Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $             0.93           64%    $          0.60
Belgium          Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $             1.08           69%    $          0.75
Canada           Regular unleaded                        $             0.59           42%    $          0.25
Denmark          Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $             0.95           70%    $          0.66
Finland          Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $             1.06           70%    $          0.74
France           Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $             1.11           74%    $          0.82
Germany          Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $             1.06           73%    $          0.78
Greece           Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $             1.05           56%    $          0.58
Ireland          Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $             0.84           64%    $          0.54
Italy            Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $             1.24           68%    $          0.85
Japan            Regular unleaded                        $             0.72           56%    $          0.40
Netherlands      Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $             1.21           71%    $          0.85
New Zealand      Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $             0.74           47%    $          0.35
Norway           Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $             0.95           70%    $          0.66
Portugal         Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $             1.29           69%    $          0.89
Spain            Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $             1.06           62%    $          0.66
Sweden           Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $             0.97           70%    $          0.67
Switzerland      Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $             0.68           64%    $          0.44
United Kingdom   Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $             1.16           77%    $          0.90
United States    Premium unleaded (95 RON)               $             0.41           25%    $          0.10

Average                                                                                      $          0.75

U.S. Consumer Price Index                                                                              177.1

Source: OECD, IEA, Energy Prices and Taxes, First Quarter 2007 (Paris: 2007); pg. 308-310 and 335-337; CPI from ftp://ftp.bl


Consumption of selected Ozone-Depleting Substances (in ODP Metric Tons), 2001

                                     Standardized
                 Consumption/ person    score
Australia                      18.8             0.8
Austria                        32.0            -5.7
Belgium                        32.0            -5.7
Canada                         29.7            -4.6
Denmark                        32.0            -5.7
Finland                        32.0            -5.7
France                          32.0              -5.7
Germany                         32.0              -5.7
Greece                          32.0              -5.7
Ireland                         32.0              -5.7
Italy                           32.0              -5.7
Japan                           41.2             -10.2
Netherlands                     32.0              -5.7
New Zealand                      8.3               5.9
Norway                           0.1              10.0
Portugal                        32.0              -5.7
Spain                           32.0              -5.7
Sweden                          32.0              -5.7
Switzerland                      3.4               8.3
United Kingdom                  32.0              -5.7
United States                   74.6             -26.6

Average                         10.2


Consumption of selected Ozone-Depleting Substances (in ODP Metric Tons), 2001



                                        Bromochlorom       Carbon
Country                CFCs                ethane        Tetrachloride      Halons       HBFCs
Australia                         6.0              0.0                0.0         -3.3           0.0
Canada                            0.1              0.0                0.3          0.0           0.0
European Union                2,136.4              0.0         -10,900.6        -403.0           0.0
Japan                            -5.5              0.0               34.8          0.0           0.0
New Zealand                       0.0              0.0                0.0          0.0           0.0
Norway                          -48.1              0.0                0.1          0.0           0.0
Switzerland                      -1.6              0.0                2.2          0.0           0.0
United States                 2,805.2              0.0             818.4           0.0           0.0

Source: United Nations Environment Programme Ozone Secretariat, Nairobi, October 2004.

Population Data: World Development Indicators 2006
Ratification of Kyoto Protocol, as of end-2002

                            Ratified?           Score
Australia                           0               0
Austria                             1              10
Belgium                             1              10
Canada                              1              10
Denmark                             1              10
Finland                             1              10
France                              1              10
Germany                             1              10
Greece                              1              10
Ireland                             1              10
Italy                               1              10
Japan                               1              10
Netherlands                         1              10
New Zealand                         1              10
Norway                              1              10
Portugal                            1              10
Spain                               1              10
Sweden                              1              10
Switzerland                         1              10
United Kingdom                      1              10
United States                       0               0

Max                                 1

Source: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto Protocol: Status of Ratification, Bonn,
http://unfccc.int/files/essential_background/kyoto_protocol/application/pdf/kpstats.pdf.


Sustainable fisheries




                                        Fishing subsidies/capita
                                           PPP                                              Fishing
                Fishing subsidies,      Conversion     Fishing subsidies   Population,     subsides/
               2000 (Million in LCU)    Rates-2000 2000 (Million in $)        2000         person ($)
Australia                          97            1.31              74.37    19,182,000               5.1
Austria                             0               0               0.00     8,012,000               0.0
Belgium                             6            0.92               7.00    10,252,000               0.6
Canada                            419            1.23            340.41     30,769,700              13.6
Denmark                            51            8.41               6.03     5,340,000               9.5
Finland                             4            0.98               4.54     5,172,000               0.9
France                             75            0.92              81.09    58,893,000               1.3
Germany                             9            0.98               9.65    82,210,000               0.1
Greece                             35            0.69              50.94    10,917,000               3.2
Ireland                             0            0.95               0.00     3,813,250               0.0
Italy                             109            0.81            134.10     57,690,000               1.9
Japan                           6,093         155.00               39.31   126,870,000              48.0
Netherlands                         0            0.93               0.10    15,919,000               0.0
New Zealand                         0            1.45               0.00     3,857,800               0.0
Norway                            172            9.02              19.07     4,491,000              38.3
Portugal                            2            0.65               2.83    10,231,000               0.2
Spain                             110            0.74            148.65     40,499,790               2.7
Sweden                             29            9.20               3.20     8,869,000               3.3
Switzerland                         0               0               0.00     7,180,000               0.0
United Kingdom                      2            0.63               3.17    58,880,000               0.0
United States                      83            1.00              82.55   282,224,000               0.3

Average                                                                                                 4.0

Ireland fishing subsidies data for 1999.
New Zealand fishing subsidies data for 2001.
Souce: Review of Fisheries in OECD Countries: Policies and Summary Statistics. 2003. OECD.
Endangered species, biodiversity

                                                                                     Imports of selected species under the CI




                                                                                              Live parrot
Country             Crocodile skins       Lizard skins      Cat skins         Snakeskins        Imports
Australia                                             74               10
Austria                           2,098                                14
Belgium                             203               3                 7              17             6,841
Canada                               36              75             1,510             218             2,716
Denmark                               7                             1,625
Finland                                                                                                   6
France                         168,772          94,521                   29        47,619            12,422
Germany                           9,883        163,744                  516       229,776             4,927
Greece                               13                                 268                          19,717
Ireland                                                                                                  13
Italy                           58,904         327,659             39,304         350,281            27,557
Japan                           32,104         217,399                593         177,882            27,417
Netherlands                          75                                                               1,094
New Zealand                          12               4                10              24
Norway                                4                                27              11             7,386
Portugal                              6            231                 12             369            79,785
Spain                           24,483         120,477              2,229         104,222           152,460
Sweden                                6                                 7
Switzerland                     19,413                                689                               129
United Kingdom                       94              1              9,404          75,168             7,828
United States                                  179,363                             89,104            24,034
Note: Coral imports are for 2002.
Average

Source: World Resources Institute. 2005. EarthTrends: The Environmental Information Portal. Available at http://earthtrends.wr
Resources Institute.




Tropical timber

                                     Gross timber imports from tropical countries, 2002
                                                                           Imports/capita
                  Imports of wood and                                        with Europe
Country                 cork ($)         Population   Imports/capita        averaged out        Score
Australia         $      176,724,663       19,546,792 $             9.04 $           9.04                6.7
Austria          $        8,874,415       8,148,312    $    1.09   $    9.49   6.6
Belgium          $      331,798,804      10,311,970    $   32.18   $    9.49   6.6
Canada           $      152,185,755      31,902,268    $    4.77   $    4.77   8.3
Denmark          $       64,360,549       5,374,693    $   11.97   $    9.49   6.6
Finland          $       11,391,804       5,193,039    $    2.19   $    9.49   6.6
France           $      493,183,359      59,925,035    $    8.23   $    9.49   6.6
Germany          $      365,304,000      82,350,671    $    4.44   $    9.49   6.6
Greece           $       65,570,636      10,603,863    $    6.18   $    9.49   6.6
Ireland          $       69,197,807       3,879,155    $   17.84   $    9.49   6.6
Italy            $      507,130,774      57,926,999    $    8.75   $    9.49   6.6
Japan            $    2,801,439,301     127,065,841    $   22.05   $   22.05   2.0
Netherlands      $      325,054,075      16,122,830    $   20.16   $    9.49   6.6
New Zealand      $       17,653,787       3,908,037    $    4.52   $    4.52   8.4
Norway           $       31,435,866       4,535,591    $    6.93   $    9.49   6.6
Portugal         $      160,742,942      10,433,867    $   15.41   $    9.49   6.6
Spain            $      297,623,676      40,152,517    $    7.41   $    9.49   6.6
Sweden           $       24,901,854       8,954,175    $    2.78   $    9.49   6.6
Switzerland      $       13,926,701       7,361,757    $    1.89   $    9.49   6.6
United Kingdom   $      610,163,890      59,912,431    $   10.18   $    9.49   6.6
United States    $    2,498,008,390     287,675,526    $    8.68   $    8.68   6.9

Average                                                            $   13.86


Source: U.N. Statistics Division, COMTRADE database.
       Sustainable fisheries                Biodiversity and global ecosystems

                     Ratification of
                     UN Fisheries        Imports of                      Tropical wood
Fishing subsidies     Agreement       selected species CBD ratification     imports     Overall score
               3.6               10.0             10.0             10.0             6.7            4.5
             10.0                 0.0               8.6            10.0             6.6            5.2
               9.2                0.0               5.0            10.0             6.6            4.9
              -7.1               10.0               6.9            10.0             8.3            3.9
              -1.9                0.0               6.9            10.0             6.6            4.8
               8.9                0.0               9.7            10.0             6.6            4.3
               8.4                0.0             -0.8             10.0             6.6            4.5
               9.9                0.0             -1.0             10.0             6.6            4.6
               6.0                0.0               6.2            10.0             6.6            4.0
             10.0                 0.0             10.0             10.0             6.6            6.1
               7.6                0.0            -13.9             10.0             6.6            2.7
            -50.4                 0.0               3.4            10.0             2.0           -0.1
             10.0                 0.0               7.3            10.0             6.6            5.5
             10.0                10.0               9.7            10.0             8.4            6.9
            -38.2                10.0               7.4            10.0             6.6            5.9
               9.8                0.0             -2.7             10.0             6.6            3.9
               6.6                0.0             -8.7             10.0             6.6            2.5
               5.8                0.0               7.7            10.0             6.6            6.5
             10.0                 0.0               4.5            10.0             6.6            5.9
             10.0                 0.0               6.4            10.0             6.6            6.0
               9.6               10.0               1.6              0.0            6.9            0.4

              5%                5%              10%                5%             15%
 porting Format - CRF),
ms/3734.php - summary2 tables for each country;




                 Emissions of CO2 CH4 N2O HFCs PFCs SF6 CO NOX NMVOC SO2, 2002 (thousand tons CO2 equivalent)




                          1993             1994        1995           1996          1997         1998
                       454,569          457,135     458,947        462,093       470,476      493,374
                        59,909           62,045      65,585         73,905        64,402       65,484
                       144,287          148,969     150,757        155,044       146,355      151,524
                       535,224          645,773     842,979        588,506       555,094      775,690
                        75,713           78,516      75,782         89,702        80,064       75,288
                        41,831           57,774      56,156         54,411        59,081       56,314
                       513,365          510,991     521,249        532,479       524,068      537,396
                     1,086,149        1,067,153   1,064,492      1,083,493     1,045,941    1,019,724
                       105,533          108,599     108,826        112,730       117,790      123,391
                        56,800           58,277      59,553         61,799        63,287       65,788
                       429,847          406,647     428,643        418,600       431,908      446,188
                     1,211,713        1,282,673   1,260,713      1,270,806     1,264,105    1,221,219
                       224,192          223,916     227,271        235,267       228,462      229,891
                        48,940           49,785      49,356         50,742        51,285       48,088
                        34,014           35,447      35,933         38,400        38,745       33,099
                        64,622           65,492      69,519         65,610        68,888       73,293
                       245,071          261,983     274,253        266,115       286,838      297,624
                        57,375           46,893      45,579         44,440        41,513       50,272
                        47,708           46,676      47,842         49,377        48,308       51,176
                       733,929          721,369     711,132        732,109       708,072      703,006
                     5,679,132        5,685,280   5,742,196      5,998,526     5,994,090    6,111,008
ssions/GDP over time; with a constant growth rate, this relationship is linear.

 porting Format - CRF),
ms/3734.php - summary2 tables for each country.




                    Score
                             2.3
                             4.0
                             5.0
                             1.7
                             4.4
                             5.0
                             5.5
                             5.2
                             3.9
                             3.6
                             5.7
                             2.7
                             5.7
                             2.4
                             4.5
                             6.0
                             4.4
                             4.5
                             2.9
                             6.0
                             0.7




d 335-337; CPI from ftp://ftp.bls.gov/pub/special.requests/cpi/cpiai.txt.
                                                               Total CFCs,
                                              Other Fully        HCFCs,
               Methyl          Methyl        Halogenated         Methyl
HCFCs         Bromide        Chloroform         CFCs            Bromide         Population
      157.6         200.5              0.0               0.0           364.1    19,413,000.0
      872.3           52.1             0.0               0.0           924.5    31,081,900.0
    5,412.4       4,573.2              0.2               0.0        12,122.0   378,403,150.5
    3,538.8       1,711.2            -18.2               0.0         5,244.5   127,140,000.0
       21.6           10.8             0.0               0.0            32.4     3,880,500.0
       46.1            2.3             0.0              -0.1             0.4     4,513,000.0
       14.5           12.0             0.1               0.0            24.9     7,229,808.0
   12,094.9       6,397.8              5.9               0.0        21,297.9   285,318,016.0
tification, Bonn,




                                            Ratification of
                                            UN Fisheries
                                           Agreement, end-
                                               2002?


                    Score                                     Score
                              3.6                        1       10
                             10.0                        0        0
                              9.2                        0        0
                             -7.1                        1       10
                             -1.9                        0        0
                              8.9                        0        0
                              8.4                        0        0
                              9.9                        0        0
                              6.0                        0        0
                             10.0                        0        0
                              7.6                        0        0
                            -50.4                        0        0
                             10.0                        0        0
                             10.0                        1       10
                            -38.2                        1       10
                              9.8                        0        0
                              6.6                        0        0
                              5.8                        0        0
                             10.0                        0        0
                             10.0                        0        0
                              9.6                        1       10

                                    Max:                 1
selected species under the CITES Treaty, 2000




                                    Live lizard
              Live coral imports     imports         Total imports    Population   Imports/ capita   Score
                            148                                 232     19,546,792            0.0         10.0
                           4523               512              7147      8,148,312            0.9           8.6
                                           26,499             33570     10,311,970            3.3           5.0
                         46238             13,407             64200     31,902,268            2.0           6.9
                          4705              4,575             10912      5,374,693            2.0           6.9
                           955                  2               963      5,193,039            0.2           9.7
                         76566             15,907            415836     59,925,035            6.9          -0.8
                        123000             50,118            581964     82,350,671            7.1          -1.0
                          2077              3,605             25680     10,603,863            2.4           6.2
                                                                 13      3,879,155            0.0         10.0
                         54367             34,418            892490     57,926,999           15.4        -13.9
                         63937             24,284            543616    127,065,841            4.3           3.4
                         18825              8,326             28320     16,122,830            1.8           7.3
                           723                  5               778      3,908,037            0.2           9.7
                           154                  2              7584      4,535,591            1.7           7.4
                          2727              2,341             85471     10,433,867            8.2          -2.7
                         12484             67,666            484021     40,152,517           12.1          -8.7
                         10816              2,178             13007      8,954,175            1.5           7.7
                          5353                596             26180      7,361,757            3.6           4.5
                         34065             12,010            138570     59,912,431            2.3           6.4
                        605998            657,664           1556163    287,675,526            5.4           1.6

                                                                                              3.2

vailable at http://earthtrends.wri.org. Washington D.C.: World
tons CO2 equivalent)                                                                                   PPP GDP (1995 $)




                    1999        2000        2001      1991        1992       1993       1994        1995
                 496,527     510,200     518,287   3.2729E+11   3.39E+11   3.52E+11   3.67E+11   3.827E+11
                  59,073      64,772      65,947   1.6958E+11   1.73E+11   1.74E+11   1.79E+11   1.816E+11
                 145,760     145,979     144,139   2.0354E+11   2.07E+11   2.05E+11   2.11E+11   2.164E+11
                 653,690     594,115     597,730   5.8645E+11   5.92E+11   6.05E+11   6.35E+11   6.522E+11
                  72,888      71,298      70,468   1.1454E+11   1.15E+11   1.15E+11   1.22E+11   1.249E+11
                  54,877      53,722      56,018   9.1785E+10   8.87E+10   8.77E+10   9.12E+10   9.466E+10
                 519,613     526,735     521,477   1.1568E+12   1.17E+12   1.16E+12   1.19E+12   1.207E+12
                 987,956     985,832   1,002,029   1.7059E+12   1.74E+12   1.73E+12   1.77E+12   1.796E+12
                 122,304     128,797     127,990   1.2997E+11   1.31E+11   1.29E+11   1.31E+11   1.341E+11
                  67,165      69,235      70,942   5.0017E+10   5.17E+10   5.31E+10   5.61E+10   6.174E+10
                 444,726     455,975     449,426   1.1497E+12   1.16E+12   1.15E+12   1.17E+12   1.208E+12
               1,242,616   1,260,566   1,235,780   2.7099E+12   2.74E+12   2.75E+12   2.77E+12   2.817E+12
                 217,769     216,850     218,594   3.0563E+11   3.11E+11   3.14E+11   3.22E+11   3.312E+11
                  49,148      50,081      52,541   5.3363E+10    5.4E+10   5.74E+10   6.05E+10   6.297E+10
                  33,884      28,237      27,443   1.0718E+11   1.11E+11   1.14E+11    1.2E+11   1.246E+11
                  81,200      78,476      80,449   1.2453E+11   1.26E+11   1.23E+11   1.25E+11   1.298E+11
                 324,325     335,945     336,680   5.8247E+11   5.88E+11   5.82E+11   5.96E+11   6.121E+11
                  52,624      35,585      42,231   1.6859E+11   1.66E+11   1.63E+11   1.69E+11   1.756E+11
                  47,516      52,972      51,893   1.7698E+11   1.77E+11   1.76E+11   1.77E+11   1.777E+11
                 671,841     673,541     676,445   1.0534E+12   1.06E+12   1.08E+12   1.13E+12   1.165E+12
               6,148,244   6,390,514   6,259,501   6.4882E+12   6.69E+12   6.87E+12   7.15E+12   7.338E+12
Consumption/
   capita
         18.8
         29.7
         32.0
         41.2
          8.3
          0.1
          3.4
         74.6
Approval of Convention on Biodiversity, as of
                end-2002




                       Ratified?        Score
Australia                      1           10
Austria                        1           10
Belgium                        1           10
Canada                         1           10
Denmark                        1           10
Finland                        1           10
France                         1           10
Germany                        1           10
Greece                         1           10
Ireland                        1           10
Italy                          1           10
Japan                          1           10
Netherlands                    1           10
New Zealand                    1           10
Norway                         1           10
Portugal                       1           10
Spain                          1           10
Sweden                         1           10
Switzerland                    1           10
United Kingdom                 1           10
United States                  0            0

Max                           1

Source: United Nations Framework
Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto
Protocol: Status of Ratification, Bonn,
http://unfccc.int/files/essential_background/k
yoto_protocol/application/pdf/kpstats.pdf.
PPP GDP (1995 $)




     1996       1997       1998        1999         2000       2001
   3.97E+11   4.14E+11   4.36E+11   4.54836E+11   4.64E+11   4.82E+11
   1.85E+11   1.88E+11   1.95E+11   2.00337E+11   2.06E+11   2.08E+11
   2.19E+11   2.27E+11   2.32E+11   2.38875E+11   2.48E+11   2.51E+11
   6.63E+11   6.91E+11   7.19E+11   7.58331E+11   7.93E+11   8.04E+11
   1.28E+11   1.32E+11   1.35E+11   1.38203E+11   1.42E+11   1.44E+11
   9.85E+10   1.05E+11    1.1E+11   1.14702E+11   1.21E+11   1.22E+11
   1.22E+12   1.24E+12   1.29E+12   1.32771E+12   1.38E+12    1.4E+12
   1.81E+12   1.84E+12   1.87E+12   1.90566E+12   1.96E+12   1.97E+12
   1.37E+11   1.42E+11   1.47E+11   1.52096E+11   1.59E+11   1.65E+11
   6.65E+10   7.37E+10   8.01E+10   88766433060   9.89E+10   1.05E+11
   1.22E+12   1.25E+12   1.27E+12   1.28838E+12   1.33E+12   1.35E+12
   2.92E+12   2.97E+12   2.93E+12   2.95461E+12   3.02E+12   3.01E+12
   3.41E+11   3.54E+11    3.7E+11   3.83473E+11   3.97E+11   4.01E+11
   6.49E+10   6.61E+10   6.64E+10   69448290891   7.12E+10   7.34E+10
   1.31E+11   1.37E+11    1.4E+11   1.41618E+11   1.45E+11   1.47E+11
   1.34E+11    1.4E+11   1.46E+11   1.51156E+11   1.57E+11   1.59E+11
   6.27E+11   6.52E+11   6.81E+11   7.08663E+11   7.38E+11   7.58E+11
   1.77E+11   1.81E+11   1.88E+11   1.96068E+11   2.03E+11   2.06E+11
   1.78E+11   1.81E+11   1.86E+11   1.88666E+11   1.94E+11   1.97E+11
    1.2E+12   1.24E+12   1.27E+12   1.30123E+12   1.34E+12   1.37E+12
    7.6E+12   7.94E+12   8.29E+12   8.62657E+12   8.99E+12   9.01E+12
Underlying data for peacekeeping and humanitarian interventions

Parameters
Direct cost/personnel           $ 10,000 /month
UN compensation                 $ 1,000 /month
CPI 2001                           177.1
Discount rate                        7%
Personnel/plane                     53.9

First year                         1993
First financial contrib. year      1998

Include Iraq?                          0




Region




                                                                                           UN          UN
                                                                                       peacekee peacekee
                                                      Defense GDP (million      U.S.      ping        ping
                                             Active  Expenditu    US $,      Consumer contributio contributio
                                            military re (million market        price   ns (million ns (million
          Country                Year       forces     US $)     prices)       index       $)       $) ECA
Australia                          1993       63,200     6,960     303,612       144.5
Austria                            1993       52,000     1,660     185,651       144.5
Belgium                            1993       80,700     2,950     215,790       144.5
Canada                             1993       78,100     9,600     554,690       144.5
Denmark                            1993       27,000     2,210     138,828       144.5
Finland                            1993       32,800     1,510      86,237       144.5
France                             1993      411,600    35,830   1,276,043       144.5
Germany                            1993      408,200    31,200   1,956,870       144.5
Greece                             1993      159,300     4,410      93,453       144.5
Ireland                            1993       13,000       530      50,283       144.5
Italy                              1993      344,600    16,500     993,394       144.5
Japan                              1993      237,700    39,710   4,375,258       144.5
Netherlands                        1993       74,600     7,340     325,311       144.5
New Zealand                        1993       10,800       826      44,043       144.5
Norway                             1993       29,400     3,280     116,111       144.5
Portugal                           1993       50,700     1,510      86,260       144.5
South Korea                        1993      633,000    11,990     319,500       144.5
Spain                              1993      200,700     6,500     499,115       144.5
Sweden                             1993       64,800     5,240     192,415       144.5
Switzerland                        1993       13,800     3,270     236,731       144.5
United Kingdom                     1993      274,800    35,150     963,361       144.5
United States                      1993    1,729,700 258,870     6,582,900       144.5
Australia                          1994       61,600     7,470     344,615       148.2
Austria                            1994       51,250     1,600     199,278       148.2
Belgium                            1994       63,000     2,600     235,168       148.2
Canada           1994      78,100     9,000     555,841   148.2
Denmark          1994      27,000     2,600     151,829   148.2
Finland          1994      31,200     1,600      99,992   148.2
France           1994     409,600    35,600   1,350,800   148.2
Germany          1994     367,300    28,600   2,091,666   148.2
Greece           1994     159,300     3,300     100,147   148.2
Ireland          1994      13,000       505      54,775   148.2
Italy            1994     322,300    16,100   1,025,400   148.2
Japan            1994     237,700    42,100   4,812,110   148.2
Netherlands      1994      70,900     7,200     348,553   148.2
New Zealand      1994      10,000       727      51,776   148.2
Norway           1994      33,500     3,200     122,926   148.2
Portugal         1994      50,700     1,500      90,508   148.2
South Korea      1994     633,000    13,510     379,600     163
Spain            1994     206,500     5,800     504,295   148.2
Sweden           1994      64,000     4,800     206,890   148.2
Switzerland      1994      13,800     4,200     261,362   148.2
United Kingdom   1994     254,300    34,000   1,042,699   148.2
United States    1994   1,650,500   261,700   6,993,300   148.2
Australia        1995      56,100     7,350     372,732   152.4
Austria          1995      55,700     2,040     235,156   152.4
Belgium          1995      47,200     3,450     276,856   152.4
Canada           1995      70,500     8,450     581,664   152.4
Denmark          1995      33,100     2,740     180,237   152.4
Finland          1995      31,100     2,120     129,290   152.4
France           1995     409,000    40,500   1,553,130   152.4
Germany          1995     234,000    34,020   2,458,276   152.4
Greece           1995     171,300     3,380     117,564   152.4
Ireland          1995      12,900       700      66,538   152.4
Italy            1995     328,700    16,000   1,097,208   152.4
Japan            1995     239,500    53,800   5,291,746   152.4
Netherlands      1995      74,400     8,560     414,801   152.4
New Zealand      1995      10,050       599      60,818   152.4
Norway           1995      30,000     3,770     146,602   152.4
Portugal         1995      54,200     1,600     107,238   152.4
South Korea      1995     660,000    14,400     422,000     163
Spain            1995     206,000     6,590     584,187   152.4
Sweden           1995      64,000     5,590     240,187   152.4
Switzerland      1995      15,400     5,160     307,263   152.4
United Kingdom   1995     236,900    34,480   1,134,941   152.4
United States    1995   1,547,300   263,500   7,338,400   152.4
Australia        1996      57,800     7,300     414,666   156.9
Austria          1996      55,800     2,100     231,422   156.9
Belgium          1996      46,300     3,200     269,915   156.9
Canada           1996      70,500     7,700     604,371   156.9
Denmark          1996      32,900     3,100     182,953   156.9
Finland          1996      32,500     1,900     127,540   156.9
France           1996     398,900    38,300   1,554,360   156.9
Germany          1996     358,400    31,900   2,383,352   156.9
Greece           1996     168,300     3,500     124,361   156.9
Ireland          1996      12,700       724      73,157   156.9
Italy            1996     325,150    20,000   1,232,885   156.9
Japan            1996     235,500    45,100   4,695,777   156.9
Netherlands      1996      63,100     8,100     411,827   156.9
New Zealand      1996       9,870       728      66,612   156.9
Norway           1996      30,000     3,700     157,615   156.9
Portugal         1996      54,200     1,700     112,080   156.9
South Korea      1996     672,000    15,500     433,000     163
Spain            1996     206,800     6,900     609,852   156.9
Sweden           1996      62,600     6,300     261,910   156.9
Switzerland      1996      15,300     4,500     295,979   156.9
United Kingdom   1996     226,000    32,500   1,189,179   156.9
United States    1996   1,483,800   263,900   7,751,100   156.9
Australia        1997      57,400     7,800     416,534   160.5
Austria          1997      45,500     1,700     205,753   160.5
Belgium          1997      44,450     2,900     245,194   160.5
Canada           1997      61,600     7,100     627,595   160.5
Denmark          1997      32,900     3,100     169,026   160.5
Finland          1997      31,000     1,800     122,420   160.5
France           1997     380,820    37,100   1,406,120   160.5
Germany          1997     347,100    27,100   2,110,965   160.5
Greece           1997     162,300     3,700     121,339   160.5
Ireland          1997      12,700       771      80,014   160.5
Italy            1997     325,150    18,300   1,166,795   160.5
Japan            1997     235,600    42,900   4,313,229   160.5
Netherlands      1997      57,180     7,100     376,900   160.5
New Zealand      1997       9,550       757      65,875   160.5
Norway           1997      33,600     3,500     154,971   160.5
Portugal         1997      59,300     1,700     106,355   160.5
South Korea      1997     672,000    14,700     443,000     163
Spain            1997     197,500     6,000     561,546   160.5
Sweden           1997      53,350     4,900     238,877   160.5
Switzerland      1997      15,300     3,700     255,887   160.5
United Kingdom   1997     213,800    35,500   1,327,798   160.5
United States    1997   1,447,600   262,300   8,256,500   160.5
Australia        1998      57,400     7,000     371,643     163    30    15
Austria          1998      45,500     1,835     211,130     163    19     9
Belgium          1998      43,700     2,879     251,020     163    22    11
Canada           1998      60,600     6,448     606,925     163    58    28
Denmark          1998      32,100     2,760     172,428     163    14     7
Finland          1998      31,700     1,929     129,025     163    11     5
France           1998     358,800    31,942   1,451,953     163   146    71
Germany          1998     333,500    27,052   2,144,483     163   197    96
Greece           1998     168,500     4,037     121,958     163     7     3
Ireland          1998      11,500       811      86,476     163     5     2
Italy            1998     298,400    18,201   1,196,663     163   110    54
Japan            1998     242,600    37,600   3,940,519     163   369   181
Netherlands      1998      57,180     7,248     393,471     163    33    16
New Zealand      1998       9,550       860      54,152     163     5     2
Norway           1998      28,900     3,422     147,755     163    12     6
Portugal         1998      53,600     1,617     112,347     163     7     3
South Korea      1998     672,000    13,200     426,000     163    12     6
Spain            1998     193,950     6,123     588,002     163    53    26
Sweden           1998      53,100     4,885     239,671     163    22    11
Switzerland      1998      15,300     3,700     262,095     163   -      -
United Kingdom   1998     210,940    38,090   1,423,934     163   114      56
United States    1998   1,401,600   276,618   8,720,200     163   612    300
Australia        1999      55,200     7,200     405,956   166.6     30     14
Austria          1999      40,500     1,664     209,516   166.6     19      9
Belgium          1999      41,750     2,457     250,939   166.6     22     10
Canada           1999      60,600     6,996     649,808   166.6     55     26
Denmark          1999      24,300     2,552     173,961   166.6     14      7
Finland          1999      31,700     1,695     128,363   166.6     11      5
France           1999     317,300    29,497   1,443,706   166.6   144      68
Germany          1999     332,800    25,423   2,103,391   166.6   197      93
Greece           1999     165,670     3,426     120,027   166.6      7      3
Ireland          1999      11,500       745      94,850   166.6      4      2
Italy            1999     265,500    16,239   1,180,977   166.6   109      52
Japan            1999     236,300    43,200   4,493,473   166.6   401    190
Netherlands      1999      56,380     6,535     398,096   166.6     33     15
New Zealand      1999       9,530       824      56,018   166.6      4      2
Norway           1999      31,000     3,303     153,536   166.6     12      6
Portugal         1999      49,700     1,332     114,786   166.6      8      4
South Korea      1999     683,000    12,000     407,000     163      3      1
Spain            1999     186,500     7,358     602,457   166.6     52     25
Sweden           1999      53,100     4,525     242,623   166.6     22     10
Switzerland      1999      15,740     3,169     258,674   166.6   -      -
United Kingdom   1999     212,400    35,945   1,458,230   166.6   112      53
United States    1999   1,371,500   278,398   9,206,900   166.6   607    287
Australia        2000      50,600     7,100     388,462   172.2     47     14
Austria          2000      35,500     1,497     188,725   172.2     30      9
Belgium          2000      39,250     2,402     228,797   172.2     35     10
Canada           2000      59,100     7,456     706,647   172.2     87     25
Denmark          2000      21,810     2,283     160,351   172.2     22      6
Finland          2000      31,700     1,583     120,904   172.2     17      5
France           2000     294,430    26,538   1,305,395   172.2   238      70
Germany          2000     321,000    22,871   1,866,131   172.2   314      92
Greece           2000     159,170     3,195     111,955   172.2     11      3
Ireland          2000      11,460       711      95,329   172.2      7      2
Italy            2000     250,600    15,704   1,073,121   172.2   173      51
Japan            2000     236,700    45,600   4,765,291   172.2   654    191
Netherlands      2000      51,940     6,047     369,531   172.2     52     15
New Zealand      2000       9,230       804      50,781   172.2      7      2
Norway           2000      26,700     2,820     161,769   172.2     19      6
Portugal         2000      44,650     1,267     105,990   172.2     14      4
South Korea      2000     683,000    12,800     457,000     163     15      4
Spain            2000     166,050     6,857     560,887   172.2     83     24
Sweden           2000      52,700     4,405     229,032   172.2     34     10
Switzerland      2000      15,470     2,893     239,449   172.2   -      -
United Kingdom   2000     212,450    33,890   1,429,670   172.2   185      54
United States    2000   1,365,800   281,601   9,810,200   172.2   968    288
Australia        2001      50,700     6,800     368,726   177.1     68     20
Austria          2001      34,600     1,513     188,546   177.1     40     12
Belgium          2001      39,420     2,142     229,610   177.1     48     14
Canada           2001      56,800     7,292     694,475   177.1   109      32
Denmark          2001      21,400     2,260     161,542   177.1     32      9
Finland          2001      32,250     1,351      120,855   177.1       22      7
France           2001     273,740    24,257    1,309,807   177.1     326      97
Germany          2001     308,400    20,154    1,846,069   177.1     413    123
Greece           2001     159,170     3,217      117,169   177.1       22      7
Ireland          2001      10,460       763      103,298   177.1       12      4
Italy            2001     230,350    14,861    1,088,754   177.1     215      64
Japan            2001     239,800    40,300    4,141,431   177.1     828    246
Netherlands      2001      50,430     5,372      380,137   177.1       73     22
New Zealand      2001       9,230       678       50,425   177.1       10      3
Norway           2001      26,700     2,854      166,145   177.1        7      2
Portugal         2001      43,600     1,600      109,803   177.1       19      6
South Korea      2001     686,000    11,800      481,896     163       35     12
Spain            2001     143,450     6,621      581,823   177.1     107      32
Sweden           2001      33,900     3,997      209,814   177.1       44     13
Switzerland      2001      15,600     2,602      247,091   177.1     -      -
United Kingdom   2001     211,430    32,608    1,424,094   177.1     278      83
United States    2001   1,367,700   284,448   10,065,270   177.1   1,188    358
Australia        2002      50,920     7,600      411,000   179.9       56      9
Austria          2002      34,600     1,700      203,000   179.9       33      5
Belgium          2002      39,260     2,700      248,000   179.9       39      6
Canada           2002      52,300     7,600      716,000   179.9       89     14
Denmark          2002      22,700     2,400      175,000   179.9       26      4
Finland          2002      31,850     1,700      131,000   179.9       18      3
France           2002     260,400    29,500    1,410,000   179.9     259      39
Germany          2002     296,000    24,900    1,980,000   179.9     339      52
Greece           2002     177,600     3,500      133,000   179.9       19      3
Ireland          2002      10,460       724      120,000   179.9       10      2
Italy            2002     216,800    19,400    1,180,000   179.9     176      27
Japan            2002     239,900    42,600    3,980,000   179.9     677    104
Netherlands      2002      49,580     6,600      414,000   179.9       60      9
New Zealand      2002       8,710       697       58,200   179.9        8      1
Norway           2002      26,600     3,800      189,000   179.9        7      1
Portugal         2002      43,600     1,300      121,000   179.9       16      2
South Korea      2002     686,000                546,933     163       44      7
Spain            2002     177,950     8,400      650,000   179.9       87     13
Sweden           2002      33,900     4,500      230,000   179.9       36      5
Switzerland      2002      15,500     3,300      268,000   179.9     -      -
United Kingdom   2002     210,450    38,400    1,550,000   179.9     222      33
United States    2002   1,414,000   347,900   10,400,000   179.9     936    146
Australia        2003      53,650    11,758      518,000     184       58     11
Austria          2003      34,600     2,488      251,000     184       34      6
Belgium          2003      40,800     3,923      302,000     184       40      7
Canada           2003      52,300    10,118      834,000     184       91     17
Denmark          2003      22,800     3,334      212,000     184       27      5
Finland          2003      27,000     2,300      162,000     184       19      3
France           2003     259,050    45,695    1,750,000     184     264      49
Germany          2003     284,500    35,145    2,400,000     184     348      65
Greece           2003     177,600     7,169      173,000     184       19      4
Ireland          2003      10,460       803      149,000     184       10      2
Italy            2003     200,000    27,751    1,470,000     184     180      33
Japan            2003     239,900    42,835    4,330,000     184     695    129
Netherlands      2003      53,130     8,256      512,000     184       62     11
New Zealand      2003       8,610     1,171        76,300     184       9         2
Norway           2003      26,600     4,387       222,000     184       9         2
Portugal         2003      44,900     3,173       149,000     184      16         3
South Korea      2003     687,700    14,600       608,000     163      53        10
Spain            2003     150,700     9,944       836,000     184      90        17
Sweden           2003      27,600     5,532       301,000     184      37         7
Switzerland      2003      18,300     3,486       309,000     184      45         8
United Kingdom   2003     212,600    42,782     1,790,000     184     141        30
United States    2003   1,427,000   404,920    10,900,000     184     613       131
Australia        2004      52,872    14,300       598,000   188.9     101        11
Austria          2004      39,900     2,140       290,000   188.9      40         6
Belgium          2004      36,900     4,360       349,000   188.9      56         7
Canada           2004      62,000    11,400       980,000   188.9     179        19
Denmark          2004      21,180     3,550       239,000   188.9      45         5
Finland          2004      28,300     2,500       184,000   188.9      34         4
France           2004     254,895    51,600     2,000,000   188.9     362        48
Germany          2004     284,500    37,700     2,670,000   188.9     475        48
Greece           2004     163,850     5,860       202,000   188.9      24         3
Ireland          2004      10,460       907       180,000   188.9      21         2
Italy            2004     191,875    30,500     1,660,000   188.9     236        21
Japan            2004     239,900    45,100     4,660,000   188.9     760       107
Netherlands      2004      53,130     9,600       575,000   188.9     107        11
New Zealand      2004       8,660     1,120        94,800   188.9      14         1
Norway           2004      25,800     4,430       243,000   188.9      42         5
Portugal         2004      44,900     2,830       166,000   188.9      13         2
South Korea      2004     687,700    16,300       680,000     163      50         4
Spain            2004     147,255    12,500       986,000   188.9     124        17
Sweden           2004      27,600     5,300       340,000   188.9      64         7
Switzerland      2004       4,300     3,950       361,000   188.9      56         8
United Kingdom   2004     205,890    49,600     2,130,000   188.9     443        49
United States    2004   1,473,960   455,900    11,700,000   188.9   1,222        63
Australia        2005      52,872    15,500       707,000   195.3       98     9.95
Austria          2005      39,900      2260       310,000   195.3       61     5.48
Belgium          2005      36,950     4,620       373,000   195.3       70     5.59
Canada           2005      62,100    12,800     1,131,000   195.3      174    17.58
Denmark          2005      21,180     3,550       258,000   195.3       46     4.58
Finland          2005      28,300     2,510       192,000   195.3       33     3.33
France           2005     254,895    53,100     2,150,000   195.3      383    30.04
Germany          2005     284,500    38,000     2,800,000   195.3      608    54.13
Greece           2005     163,850     6,860       226,000   195.3       36     3.85
Ireland          2005      10,460        947      200,000   195.3       22     2.23
Italy            2005     191,152    31,300     1,770,000   195.3      320    38.60
Japan            2005     260,250     43900     4,590,000   195.3    1,217   112.15
Netherlands      2005      53,130     9,940       628,000   195.3      104    10.56
New Zealand      2005       8,660      1420       107,000   195.3       14     1.38
Norway           2005      25,800     4,840       295,000   195.3       41     4.24
Portugal         2005      44,900     2,960       184,000   195.3       38     3.12
South Korea      2005     687,700    20,300       787,000     163      73         6
Spain            2005     147,255    13,100     1,130,000   195.3      124     9.74
Sweden           2005      27,600      5900       358,000   195.3       62     6.24
Switzerland      2005       4,300      3700       367,000   195.3       60     7.30
United Kingdom   2005     216,890    51,700     2,230,000   195.3      423    43.03
United States            2005   1,546,372   495,000    12,500,000     195.3    1,377   134.25
Australia                2006      51,610    17,466       781,300     201.6     103      6.072
Austria                  2006      39,600      2320       321,600     201.6      54      3.218
Belgium                  2006      39,690     4,787       393,500     201.6      58      5.471
Canada                   2006      62,500    14,793     1,268,800     201.6     192     10.729
Denmark                  2006      21,620     3,831       275,400     201.6      49      2.739
Finland                  2006      29,300     2,696       210,600     201.6      36      2.033
France                   2006     254,895    58,526     2,230,600     201.6     307     18.742
Germany                  2006     245,702    46,300     2,894,300     201.6     579     33.039
Greece                   2006     147,100     7,421       308,400     201.6      30      2.411
Ireland                  2006      10,470        970      220,500     201.6      23      1.335
Italy                    2006     191,152    27,723     1,850,900     201.6     311     22.634
Japan                    2006     240,400     41100     4,366,900     201.6   1,271    101.777
Netherlands              2006      53,130    10,324       662,500     201.6     107      4.787
New Zealand              2006       8,951      1310       105,100     201.6      15      0.843
Norway                   2006      23,400     4,953       334,900     201.6      38      2.590
Portugal                 2006      43,960     3,009       194,800     201.6      27      1.761
South Korea              2006     687,000    23,500       888,000       163      97        15
Spain                    2006     147,255    13,700     1,224,600     201.6     149     12.507
Sweden                   2006      27,600      5900       384,700     201.6      69      3.807
Switzerland              2006       4,200      3600       378,500     201.6      76      4.566
United Kingdom           2006     191,030    55,747     2,370,600     201.6     473     26.182
United States            2006   1,506,757   547,931    13,185,000     201.6   1,309     70.080
Australia                2007      51,293    19,909       792,000   207.342      154    11.79
Austria                  2007      39,600     3,214       386,000   207.342      77      5.743
Belgium                  2007      39,690     5,214       464,000   207.342      70      3.153
Canada                   2007      64,000    20,397     1,568,000   207.342     256     19.604
Denmark                  2007      29,960     4,174       328,000   207.342      65      4.862
Finland                  2007      29,300     3,171       253,000   207.342      48      3.714
France                   2007     254,895    63,261     2,660,000   207.342     510     31.012
Germany                  2007     245,702    43,913     3,440,000   207.342     738     56.356
Greece                   2007     156,600     9,024       376,000   207.342      15      1.817
Ireland                  2007      10,460     1,386       267,000   207.342      37      2.946
Italy                    2007     186,049    39,389     2,220,000   207.342     310     22.846
Japan                    2007     240,400    43,636     4,650,000   207.342   1,306     92.244
Netherlands              2007      45,608    11,619       809,000   207.342     160     12.416
New Zealand              2007       9,051     1,682       135,000   207.342      22      1.691
Norway                   2007      15,800     6,008       422,000   207.342      63      5.163
Portugal                 2007      42,910     3,534       230,000   207.342      25      2.791
South Korea              2007     687,000    26,906       971,000   207.342     224        15
Spain                    2007     149,150    18,244     1,500,000   207.342     184     11.510
Sweden                   2007      24,000     7,305       453,000   207.342      93      7.056
Switzerland              2007      22,600     3,780       417,000   207.342      88      7.789
United Kingdom           2007     180,527    64,549     2,810,000   207.342     645     49.099
United States            2007   1,498,157   625,850    13,700,000   207.342   1,476     87.460



Source: IISS, Military
Months/non-UN operation
                                 1993
                                 1994
                                 1995
                                 1996
                                 1997
                                 1998
                                 1999
                                 2000
                                 2001
                                 2002
                                 2003
                                 2004
                                 2005
                                 2006
                                 2007

Source: IISS, Military Balance , various years
                                                                              UN            UN            UN
                                                                UN        peacekee      peacekee      peacekee
                                                            peacekee         ping          ping          ping
    UN          UN          UN          UN          UN         ping       personnel     personnel     personnel
peacekeep peacekee peacekeep peacekeep peacekee personnel                 contributio   contributio   contributio
    ing        ping         ing         ing        ping     contributio      ns,           ns,           ns,
contributio contributio contributio contributio contributio    ns,         monthly       monthly       monthly
ns (million ns (million ns (million ns (million ns (million monthly        average       average       average
 $) MNA      $) SSA      $) SAS      $) EAP      $) LAC      average        ECA           MNA            SSA
                                                                  541              23            14            79
                                                                  855           353           474               5
                                                                1,247           749               6         489
                                                                2,883         2,415           208              60
                                                                1,254         1,183              65          -
                                                                1,272           369           897            -
                                                                7,944         5,485           473           593
                                                                1,045            -             -            871
                                                                   69            -                6            63
                                                                  804              38         690              45
                                                                2,444            -               65       2,326
                                                                  342            -             -               27
                                                                2,329         1,451              15            33
                                                                  116               9             6            38
                                                                1,390           392           869           110
                                                                  196              53          -            144
                                                                  126            -             -            126
                                                                1,213         1,068            -               16
                                                                1,232           594           508              98
                                                                   57              10             6            41
                                                                3,312         3,190              15             9
                                                                1,974           462              32       1,441
                                                                  287              20            14         254
                                                                  906           354           493              57
                                                                1,465         1,244               6         213
2,512    2,050    238    224
1,385    1,314      62      3
  892      325    558       3
6,465    5,953    470      30
    10        5   -         5
    11        3      6      2
  831        73   687      69
  685      -        58   613
    53     -      -        53
1,824    1,787      15     22
  185      142       7     34
1,738      872    846      16
  294        60   -      235
    24     -      -        24
1,526    1,388    -        48
1,476    1,245    173      47
    44       16      8     21
3,658    3,345      15   298
  826      762      31     33
  184        20     13   151
  898      357    494      29
  888      879       7      1
2,685    1,739    232    118
1,152    1,088      58   -
1,047      495    546    -
6,517    6,110    290      36
  267      255    -        13
    15        7      7      1
  758        68   671      17
    71     -        58      6
  -        -      -      -
1,576    1,385      14     24
  283      259       7     15
1,740      892    843       6
  176        49   -      128
    53        6   -        42
1,447    1,439    -      -
  885      837      23     17
    30       19      9      2
6,247    6,209      18     20
3,278      890      28     30
    31       19     12   -
  868      342    516      11
  807      799       6   -
  865        13   204    -
  152      112      34   -
  970      446    519    -
  529      109    286      46
  101        86     14      2
    16       10      6      1
  738        89   641       9
    78     -        61     10
                        45   -        45   -
                       103     60     13     30
                        27      6      7     14
                       836   136    693       7
                       394     35   -      359
                       250      6   -      235
                        39     39   -      -
                       174   113      22     32
                        32     25      7   -
                       419   401      16      2
                       917   637      19     23
                        43     30     13   -
                       890   368    516       5
                       842   834       6   -
                       969     15   202    -
                       124   102      16   -
                       915   400    510    -
                       472   112    264      38
                       186   169      14   -
                        14      9      5      1
                       734     99   627       8
                        99     23     59      5
                        38   -        38   -
                        87     57     13     17
                        22      7      7      8
                       661     98   558       5
                       443     57   -      387
                        49      5   -        36
                        67     38   -      -
                       162   107      17     28
                        15     12      4   -
                       423   411      12   -
                       806   735      14     15
 6    8   -   1    1    32     19     13   -
 4    5   -   0    1   814   317    492       5
 4    6   -   0    1    10      2      6   -
11   15   -   1    2   284     64   202       7
 3    4   -   0    0   123   101      15   -
 2    3   -   0    0   782   270    507    -
29   38   -   3    4   590   129    292    133
39   52   -   4    6   187   173      14   -
 1    2   -   0    0    24     18      5      1
 1    1   -   0    0   718     92   618       8
22   29   -   2    3    94     23     60      5
73   97   -   8   11    38     15     23   -
 7    9   -   1    1   117   105      12   -
 1    1   -   0    0    13      2      7      4
 2    3   -   0    0   714     83   627       4
 1    2   -   0    0   254     62   -      192
 2    3   -   0    0    30      4   -        17
10   14   -   1    2    65     58   -         7
 4    6   -   0    1   230   137      18     67
-      -      -   -        -           28     21      7   -
  23     30   -        2        3     428   413      11        4
122    161    -       11       18     629   571      13       15
   6      9   -        0        1      44     20     12   -
   4      5   -        0        1     727   306    409         5
   4      6   -        0        1      10      2      6        1
  11     16   -        0        2     341     54   201        57
   3      4   -        0        0      82     57     16        1
   2      3   -        0        0     550     47   498    -
  29     42   -        1        4     490   159    260        35
  40     57   -        1        6     267   253      14   -
   1      2   -        0        0      26     19      6       1
   1      1   -        0        0     704     74   621        8
  22     32   -        1        3     112     50     53       3
  81   115    -        2       12      30   -        30   -
   7      9   -        0        1     169   157      12   -
   1      1   -        0        0      16      3      7        2
   2      4   -        0        0      44     28     12        5
   2      2   -        0        0      67     54   -          13
   0      1   -        0        0      25      3   -          10
  10     15   -        0        2      87     77   -      -
   4      6   -        0        1      92     53     24       1
-      -      -   -        -           19     11      8   -
  23     32   -      1          3     412   389      11       11
122    175    -      4         19     458   395      12       15
   4     17   -     12     -        1,735     18     12   -
   3     11   -      8     -          737   342    380         5
   3     13   -      9     -           17      8      7        2
   7     32   -     23     -          339   105    202         7
   2      8   -      6     -           95     65     16        3
   1      6   -      5     -          632     45   578         4
  20     86   -     62     -          486   185    267        32
  26   114    -     82     -          462   448      14   -
   1      4   -      3     -           25     19      6        1
   1      3   -      2     -          767     61   661         5
  14     63   -     45     -          157     68     69        8
  55   237    -   171      -           43      8     30        3
   4     19   -     14     -          165   153      11        1
   1      3   -      2     -          703      3      7        2
   2      7   -      5     -           72     42     12        9
   1      5   -      4     -          939     57   -           9
   1      5   -      4     -          475      3   -          19
   7     30   -     22     -          155   128    -           1
   3     12   -      9     -          180   106      41       11
-      -      -   -        -           17     12      5        1
  15     67   -     48     -          534   485      11       20
  81   347    -   252      -          833   743      13       15
   7     28   -     14     -        1,581     15     12        2
   4     16   -      8     -          781     60   388         3
   5     19   -     10     -           20      3      6        5
  11     44   -     22     -          549     26   198        21
   3     13   -      6     -          290     54     16        8
     2      9   -      4   -     713     36     23     10
    32   131    -     66   -     504   165    225      34
    40   166    -     84   -     486   484      14     10
     2      9   -      4   -      41     28      4      3
     1      5   -      2   -     721     54     26   216
    21     87   -     44   -     322     82     65   131
    81   334    -   168    -      30   -        30   -
     7     29   -     15   -     881     45     12      2
     1      4   -      2   -     695      2      7      2
     1      3   -      1   -      74     38     11     15
     2      8   -      4   -   1,167     43   -         8
     3     14   -      7   -     472      6   -        20
    10     43   -     22   -     166   157    -         7
     4     18   -      9   -     132     67     11     16
-        -      -   -      -      39     21     10      6
  27     112    -     56   -     639   633      12     28
116      472    -   241    -     856   581      15     13
   3       37   -      8   -   1,052     16     13      2
   2       22   -      5   -     490     72   412       4
   2       26   -      5   -      19      4      7      6
   5       58   -     12   -     292     38   214      22
   1       17   -      4   -     100     65     17      9
   1       12   -      2   -      83     42     24     10
  14     171    -     36   -     344   197    110      37
  18     222    -     46   -     567   546      15      5
   1       12   -      3   -      40     33      4      3
   1        7   -      1   -     350     65     24   236
   9     115    -     24   -     311     95     37   170
  36     444    -     93   -     493   -        33   -
   3       40   -      8   -      69     54     13      3
   0        5   -      1   -     432      2      7      2
   0        5   -      1   -      79     44     12     17
   1       11   -      2   -     718     50   -         8
   2       28   -      6   -     396      7   -        22
   5       57   -     12   -     197   180    -         7
   2       23   -      5   -     126     81     12     16
-        -      -   -      -      40     23     11      6
  12     146    -     31   -     756   703      12     30
  50     611    -   129    -     736   650      15     15
   4       37   -      6   -     800     15     11      2
   2       21   -      4   -     442     51   385       5
   3       26   -      4   -      15      2      6      5
   6       58   -     10   -     251     15   197      23
   2       17   -      3   -      63     34     12      8
   1       12   -      2   -     173     27     16   123
  18     168    -     29   -     326     85   208      34
  24     222    -     38   -     383   364       2     17
   1       12   -      2   -      27     22      1      4
   1        7   -      1   -     200     29     22   146
  12     115    -     20   -     176     54     61     55
  47     443    -     75   -     524   -        30   -
   4       39   -      7   -      92     35     12     45
    1        5   -       1     -      19      1        7      2
    1        5   -       1     -      52     24       11     14
    1       10   -       2     -     695     18   -           8
    4       33   -       6     -     274      8   -          19
    6       57   -      10     -      66     54   -           8
    2       23   -       4     -     142     45      8       75
    3       28   -       5     -      31     15     10        6
   11       84   -      16     -     594   544       2       37
   47      366   -      69     -     525   472       5       10
    2       80   -       3       5   227     15     11        2
    1       29   -       2       3   423     39   376         5
    1       45   -       2       1    15      1      6        6
    3      143   -       5       8   331      3   198        25
    1       36   -       1       2    57     27     11       10
    1       27   -       1       2   212     14     14     179
    8      272   -      13      21   506     76   206      190
   10      376   -      17      26   298   280    -          17
    0       18   -       1       2    27     23   -           4
    0       17   -       1       1   489     26     19     443
    6      185   -       9      14   175     57     59       52
   18      590   -      29      16   187   -        30     -
    2       86   -       3       5    40      5     13       23
    0       11   -       0       1    16      1      8        2
    1       34   -       1       2    49     21     12       14
    1        9   -       1       1   266     12   -          10
    1       43   -       1       1    41      7   -          23
    3       91   -       5       7    88     15   -           8
    1       51   -       2       3   314     34      7     262
    1       41   -       2       4    32     15     10        7
    8      351   -      13      21   556   515    -          40
   25    1,030   -      39      64   451   345       3       84
 2.58    74.37   -    0.87    9.98    77     15     12        7
 1.38    47.85   -    0.46    5.60   422     32   380         8
 1.03    56.48   -    0.58    5.99    16      0      4       11
 4.56   132.69   -    1.58   17.63   335      1   197        30
 1.01    35.15   -    0.39    4.68    76     28     11       28
 0.70    24.84   -    0.29    3.34    43      9     14       14
 5.71   314.48   -    3.66   29.52   598     62   214      244
14.04   480.87   -    4.59   54.27   288   256    -          30
 1.16    29.01   -    0.29    1.81    26     21   -           6
 0.56    16.50   -    0.20    2.28   474     23     19     433
 5.62   246.54   -    2.65   26.92   244     50     59     128
27.44   959.17   -   18.86   99.11    30   -        30     -
 2.72    78.88   -    0.92   10.59    22      7     13        2
 0.36    10.41   -    0.12    1.38    13      1      8        1
 1.00    31.23   -    0.38    4.25    62     21     12       28
 0.76    30.35   -    0.37    3.58    37     11   -           9
    2       61   -       0       3    44      7   -          27
 2.11   102.13   -    1.39    8.59   256     16   -           8
 1.62    47.54   -    0.54    6.25   320     39      6     266
 1.38    46.89   -    0.65    3.78    30     13     10        7
10.25   321.34   -    3.90   44.24   393   366    -          28
 21.75 1,067.46      -     11.57    142.17     375    283         3    48
  2.761   84.722   0.000    0.000     9.601      92     13        13    23
  1.490   44.013   0.000    0.000     5.180     420     31     382       6
  2.018   43.386   0.000    0.000     7.118     121      0     107      14
  4.879  159.244   0.000    0.000    16.965     174      1        42    46
  1.245   40.407   0.000    0.000     4.330      92     29        35    20
  0.925   29.866   0.000    0.000     3.214      77      7        54    12
  9.912  254.330   0.000    0.000    24.218   1,067     57     693     237
 15.025  478.478   0.000    0.000    52.239     497    215     229      52
  0.611   25.195   0.000    0.000     1.882      82     15        57    10
  0.607   18.985   0.000    0.000     2.111     440     22        47   370
 10.708  255.314   0.000    0.000    22.478     689     34     643       6
 28.066 1028.605   0.000    0.000   112.931      30      0        30     0
  2.695   92.261   0.000    0.000     6.970      57      9        27    22
  0.383   12.499   0.000    0.000     1.333      21      1         8     3
  1.178   29.842   0.000    0.000     3.898      99     20        35    43
  0.815   21.305   0.000    0.000     2.834     113     10        25     3
     3       67      -          0       11      39      7      -       20
  3.120  121.118   0.000    0.000    11.830     475     16     381       6
  1.731   56.959   0.000    0.000     6.019     291     40        19   225
  2.076   62.416   0.000    0.000     7.219      30     13        10     7
 12.157  391.764   0.000    0.000    43.071     358    343         1    15
 41.051 1101.629   0.000    0.000    96.682     339    234         3    46
 30.26    97.67      -        -      16.00     109     15        13    26
 15.159   52.236   0.000    0.000     4.470     417     30     382       4
 11.270   50.506   0.000    0.000     7.072     360      0     347      13
 50.738  162.616   0.000    0.000    26.571     141      1        11    47
 12.634   41.341   0.000    0.000     6.585     101     30        39    25
  9.612   30.501   0.000    0.000     5.034     249      8     223      12
 76.189  373.442   0.000    0.000    35.941   1,982     52   1,623     232
147.289  467.574   0.000    0.000    76.243   1,090    166     866      57
  3.181   10.973   0.000    0.000     1.798     242     14     218      10
  7.444   23.515   0.000    0.000     4.011     342     22     178     141
 55.710  222.340   0.000    0.000    19.950   2,480     33   2,435       5
144.082  965.650   0.000    0.000   104.355      37      0        30     0
 31.999  100.140   0.000    0.000    17.603     210      6     169      34
  4.321   13.993   0.000    0.000     2.297      40      1         9     3
 13.208   38.559   0.000    0.000     7.013     128     15        65    45
  6.915   14.940   0.000    0.000     2.072     389      7     147       2
    34      166      -        -         17     220      7     184      10
 27.160  138.150   0.000    0.000    17.366   1,184     16   1,106       8
 18.225   58.973   0.000    0.000     9.567     142     38        41    49
 20.820   54.604   0.000    0.000     6.118      35     14        10     6
127.716  404.092   0.000    0.000    68.434     365    343         1    17
317.839  985.585   0.000    0.000    88.087     316    222         3    38
Months/non-UN operation1993
Months/non-UN operation1994
Months/non-UN operation1995
Months/non-UN operation1996
Months/non-UN operation1997
Months/non-UN operation1998
Months/non-UN operation1999
Months/non-UN operation2000
Months/non-UN operation2001
Months/non-UN operation2002
Months/non-UN operation2003
Months/non-UN operation2004
Months/non-UN operation2005
Months/non-UN operation2006
                                        EAP      ECA      EAP     ECA           SSA         SSA
    UN            UN            UN
peacekee      peacekee      peacekee
   ping          ping          ping
personnel     personnel     personnel
contributio   contributio   contributio
   ns,           ns,            ns,                                                         (EUPOL)
 monthly       monthly       monthly     Aceh,                                                Dem.
 average       average       average Indonesia          Bougainvil Deliberate     Cote        Rep.
   SAS           EAP           LAC      (AMM)    AFOR      le       Forge        d’Ivoire    Congo
       -            426            -
       -               21             3
         2              2          -
       -            197               4
         7           -             -
         6           -             -
       -          1,374              20
       -            175            -
       -             -             -
       -               29             2
         5             38            11
       -            316            -
       -            831            -
       -               63          -
         8             10             2
       -             -             -
       -             -             -
       -             -            129
         8             21             4
       -             -             -
       -               99          -
       -               41          -
       -             -             -
       -             -                3
         2           -             -
-       -          1
    7   -     -
    7   -     -
-       -         12
-       -     -
-       -     -
-       -          2
    5   -          9
-       -     -
-       -     -
-       -          2
    5   -     -
-       -     -
-       -     -
-       -         91
    8   -          3
-       -     -
-       -     -
-       -     -
-       -     -
-       -       19
    2   -     -
-       -     597
    6   -     -
    7   -     -
-       -       82
-       -     -
-       -     -
-       -        3
    6   -        2
-       -     -
-       -     154
-       -        2
-       -     -
-       -     -
    5   -     -
-       -        8
    8   -     -
-       -     -
-       -     -
-       -   2,331
-       -     -
-       -     -
    2   -     -
-       -     648
    7   -     -
    6   -     -
-       -       89
-       -     -
-       -     -
-       -     -
    8   -     -
-       -   -
-       -      1
-       -   -
-       -   -
-       -   -
    9   -   -
-       -   -
    8   -   -
-       -   -
-       -   -
-       -   238
-       -      1
-       -      2
    2   -   -
-       -   752
    6   -   -
    5   -   -
-       -     58
-       -      3
-       -   -
-       -   -
    7   -      5
-       -   -
-       -   -
-       -   -
-       -      1
-       -   -
    9   -   -
-       -     29
    9   -      2
-       -   -
-       -   -
-       -     42
-       -   -      100
-       -   -
    2   -   -
-       -     12
    7   -   -
    5   -   -
-       -     36
-       -   -
-       -   -
-       -   -
    7   -   -
-       -   -
-       -   -
-       -   -      130
-       -   -
-       -   -
    9   -   -
-       -   -
    9   -   -
-          -        -
-          -        -
-          -            30
-              12   -                150
-               7   -
    2      -        -
-              2        27
    7          2    -
    5      -        -
-          -            36
-          -        -
-          -        -
-              2    -
    4      -             4   2,531
-          -        -
-          -        -
-              5    -                30
-          -             1
-          -             1
    9          3    -
-              1        10
    12     -             2
-          -        -
-             1     -         130
-             7         30
-        1,706      -                150
-            10     -
    1      -        -                       4
-            20          6
    6         5     -
    6      -        -
-             3     -
-          -        -
-          -        -
-            41     -
    7      -             6
-             3     -
-          -        -                      155
-          691      -                31
-             8          2
-          872           2
    9      444      -
-            11         16
    8        12          3
-          -        -
-            18     -                      350
-            63     -
-        1,011      -                149
    0      -        -
    2      -        -
    0        20     -
    6         4     -
    5      -      -
-          -      -
-          -      -
-          -      -
-            24   -
    7      -      -
-          650    -
-          -      -                 80
-          437    -            9
-             6   -
-          666        1
    9      436    -
-             5       2
    7        11       1
-          -      -
    0        12   -                 350
-            59   -
-        1,019    -            35
    1         2   -
    2      -      -
    0        17   -
    7         3   -
    6      -      -
-          -      -                       1,000
-          -      -
-          -      -
-            25   -
    8      -          0
-          460    -
-          -      -
-          420    -            15
-             6       0
-          659        1
    10     358    -
-             8       2
    7         9       2
-          -      -
    0        10   -                 350
-            55   -
    1      771    -       75
-          -      -
    2      -      -
    2        14   -
    7         3   -
    7      -      -
-          -      -
-          -      -
-          -      -
-             3   -
    7      -      -
-          494    -
-          -      -                 80
-           8   -      15
-           2   -
-        670    -
    10   238    -
-           5   -
    7       7   -
-        -      -
    1       9   -           350
-          38   -
    1    199    -
    1       2   -
    2    -      -
    2       2   102
    8       2   -
    5    -      -
-        -        33
    0    -      -
-        -      -
-           0   -
    7    -      -
-        157    -
-        -      -
-           5   -
    1       2   -
-        240       3
    10      1   -
-           5     60
    8       3   -
    0    -      -
    0       1   -
-          12      6
    1      42   -
    2    -      -
    1    -      -
    2    -      105
    7       1   -
    5    -      -
-        -        79
    1    -      -
-        -      -
-        -      -
    7    -      -                 2
-        -      -
-        -      -
    1       2   -
    0       0   -
-          16      2
    10   -      -
-           3   228
    8       2   -
-        -      -
-        -      -
-          5        37
      1    42         0
      2     0         0
      0     0         0       2
      0     0        85
      8     0         0
      5     0         0
      0     0        80       11
      1     0         0
      0     0         0
      0     0         0   1
      7     0         0       4
      0     0         0
      0     0         0       2
      1     7         0
      0     0         0
      0    76         0       6
    11     1    -
      0     4       68
      7     0        0
      0     0        0
      0     0        0
      0     4       52
     1    54    -
      2     0        0
      0     0        0        2
      0     6       77
      7     0        0
      7     0        0
      0     0       75        12
      1     0        0
      0     0        0
      0     0        0
      7     0        0        4
      5     2        0
      0     0        0        2
      1    26        0
      3     0        0
      0   233        0
    14     5    -
      0     9       45
      9     5        0        1
      5     0        0
      5     0        0
      0     1       51
          7    7
     3   12   12
         12   12
         12   12
         12   12   3
          7   12   3

 3                      8
12                     12
                        6
                                                                                            Non-UN pea
SSA      ECA       ECA         LAC       ECA     EAP        SAS       SAS       SAS




         EU-FOR II Former
          (Bosnia- Yugoslavi
(EUFOR Herzegovi a/Albania
RD) Dem. na/Croatia (NATO                                               ISAF
  Rep.      ) Op      HQ                                    ISAF(Afgh (Uzbekist Afghanist
 Congo     Althea   Tirana)      Haiti    IFOR    Intefet    anistan)    an)    an (OEF)
20,000




 2,400


          420
         1024
          807
          450
         7500
         4000
         1000

         2200
  2360

   750
   900

  1400
   500

10,500
 5,800
5,400




5,400
        90




  60


   50
   50
  400
1,120
   30
   50
  350

 150
  12
  28
  20
        90
 350
  45

 400


   5
 165

  50
  50
 500
2463
  30

 650

 610
           111
            30
            20
                        205
           350
            34
             2
           300


              3
            250
           1576
            185
             83
            565
           2072
            127
             11
            990

           153
           181
           147
             8
                        205
            125
             19
              4
            315
             67
            400
287    6      4
 52         301
  3        2300
  3         106
180         100
463         742         700
985        2800   163
155         157
 51           7
810        1868

384        1200
  9         156
 22         434
227         166
                        205
 512        572
  77        250
  30          4
1100       3300
       263           89
                    240
                      4
        51          265
        20         2286     272
         3          390       1
       177          100
450    450         1100     220
741    900         2900
       155          158
        57            7
       882   155   1300       8

  3    261         1889       6
        11            3     133
        22          433
 51    193          166
                            209
130    495           625
        67           350
        26             3
       590          6180
       256         12000   11300
                     907
       178            3
       100          368
                   2500     267
                    454
        64           85
1500    73         1155     860
       235         3155     257
        45          137
400     25            7
       363   155   2395

100    67           1516      6
        3              8    131
        8            508
       14            162
                     207
       284           742
200     24           340
        26             2
        21          7398
       207         15108   9650
              4
              3
                  12


                       4
                       2
                            1
                           12
                           12
                           12
    12   12                12   12
7   12   12                12    9
    12   12                12   12
           Non-UN peacekeeping personnel contributions
ECA        EAP      ECA        ECA        ECA        ECA         MNA          EAP       ECA




                                                                 Palestinia
                                                                   n Aut.
                                                                 Areas of
                                                                 Gaz and       Papua    Macedoni
 Joint       Korea   Kyrgyzsta  KFOR       Kosovo      Kosovo     Jericho       New       a&
Guardian    (NNSC)       n     (Kosovo)   airplanes   personnel (TIPH 2)       Guinea    Bosnia
                                                               -
                                                               -
                                                               -
                                                               -
                                                               -
                                                               -
                                                               -
                                                               -
                                                               -
                                                               -
                                                               -
                                                               -
                                                               -
                                                               -
                                                               -
                                                               -
                                                               -
                                                               -
                                                               -
                                                               -
                                                               -
                                                               -
                                                               -
                                                               -
                                                               -
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
                           -
                           -
                           -
                           -
                 4       216
                20     1,079
                18       971
                 6       324
                           -
                 75    4,045
4,400           147    7,929
                 11      593
                           -
1,160           52     2,805
                           -
 400    1,220   23     1,241
                           -
 100             7       378
                 8       431
                           -
                11       593
                           -
                  2      108
9,600            63    3,398
                927   50,000
                           -
          480              -
          900              -
          800              -
          900              -
          800              -
        5,080              -
        5,300              -
          430              -
          104              -
        6,400              -
                           -
        1,450              -
                           -
        1,200              -
          340              -
                           -
          900              -
          760              -
          130              -
        3,500              -
        5,950              -
                           -
          480              -
        1,010              -
          800              -
          900              -
  800   -
5,100   -
5,100   -
1,700   -
  104   -
5,360   -
        -
1,450   -
        -
 980    -
 313    -
        -
1,300   -
  751   -
  160   -
3,900   -
5,740   -
        -
  498   -
1,010   -
  800   -
  540   -
  800   -
5,200   -
4,600   -
1,700   -
  104   -
5,360   -
        -
1,450   -
        -
 980    -
 313    -
        -
1,340   -
  751   -
  160   -
2,200   -
5,360   -
        -
 535    -
 500    -
 800    -
 540    -
 820    -
3800    -
3100    -
1700    -
 104    -
4880    -
        -
        -
             -
      980    -
      313    -
             -
     1300    -
      703    -
      220    -
     1400    -
     2510    -
             -
       532   -
       500   -
        32   -
       370   -
       510   -
     2,400   -
     4,100   -
     1,700   -
       104   -
     2,627   -
             -
             -
             -
       60    -
      313    -
             -
       800   -
       650   -
       220   -
     1,400   -
     2,060   -
             -   38
       529   -
       420   -
         3   -
75     365   -
       450   -
     2,455   -        83
     3,150   -
     1,262   -
       211   -
     2,280   -
             -
             -
             -
        6    -
      308    -
             -
      749    -
      338    -
      244    -
      400    -
    5    1,801   -             46
                 -        38
          554    -
          420    -
                 -
    75     320   -
           400   -
         2,455   -
         3,000   -
         1,429   -
           211   -
         2,280   -   15
                 -
                 -
                 -
            6    -
          308    -
                 -
           749   -
4          338   -
5          220   -
           204   -
    6    1,839   -             39
                 -
           35    -
          420    -
                 -
           363   -
           450   -
         1,830   -
         2,279   -
           742   -
           220   -
         2,280   -   17
                 -
            1    -
                 -
           86    -
          296    -
                 -
           627   -
5          380   -
5          220   -
           150   -
    14   1,667   -
7         7   2.5
1        12
         12
         12
         12
         12
    12   12         12
    12   12         12
    12   12         12
ECA      EAP         MNA         SAS      MNA        ECA       ECA         SSA        EAP




                                                                             Sierra   Solomon
Macedoni               MFO                Northern    Serbia    SFOR        Leone      Islands
a (EU PM) Malaysia    (Egypt)     Nepal    Watch     (EUMM)    (Bosnia)    (IMATT)    (RAMSI)
                            10                                         0


                            27


                           40



                           82

                           105
                            25
                             3




                           500
                            10
  27


 40



 82

 22
 25
  3




500
 26


  28


 17



 82


 25
  4




1000
  26


  28


 17



 82
 25
  4




1000
  26
               225
               205
  28           990
               662
               339
 17           3646
              2533
               217

 81           1825

              1155
 25
  4            593
               319

280           1554
               488

       330    5753
917          18,928
 26
               200
               550
  28           960
               600

  17          3,300
  81          2,600
                250

              2,500

              1,375
  25             22
   4            700


              1,600
        160    5,250
917   1,422   12,810
 26
                 200
                 550
28             1,380
                 630

17             3,000
               2,738
                 250
                  50
77             2,313

                375
26               27
 5              700


               1,600
                 511

        160    4,500
918   1,400   12,350
 26
                  56
                 550
26             1,350
                 425
                 480
17             3,200
               2,369
                 250
                  50
77             1,640

               1,267
26                27
 5               125
                 335

               1,600
                 510

        160    2,700   4,500
918   1,400    8,590
 26
                  56
                 450
27             1,200
                 345
                120
17            2,200
              2,100
                250
                 50
77            1,500

              1,100
26               27
 5              125
                330

              1,200
                 42

        185   2,600
860   1,400   7,180
 25
                  2
                450
29            1,600
                365
                 20
              2,200
              1,900
                250
                 50
75            1,600

              1,000
26               26
 4              125
                330

              1,200
                 42

        190   1,700
      1,400   2,350
25                    1655
                 2
                 4
29            1600
               365

15            1500
              1000
               250
                50
75            1500

              1070
      26      26    140
       4     125
             330

            1200
               7

            1400
      750   2150
       25           530
              291
                4
      29      800
                4
              200
      15      500
            1,000
              250
               50
      76    1,126

            1,080
      26       12
       4      125
              330

             935
               7

            1,450
      750     839
127    25           50
             287

      29


      15



      76


      26      12
       3     125
             330
          687
    128    25             140
                6

          28        11


          15


                5
3         76


          26              42
           3




                    100
          392
           25             140
                5

          28        11




          80


          26              44
           9




                    115
          288
     12
     12
     12
     12                           1
     12   12                 12
     12   12                 12
     12   12                 12
     12   12                 12       1.5
     12   12                 12
     12   12                 12
     12                      12                   3
     12                      12                  12
12   12               12     12             12   12
 0   12               12      0             12   12
 0   12               12      0             12   12
               Ended in 31 Dec 2007
SSA       SSA       EAP         MNA        MNA                  All                       ECA


                                                       Non-UN        Non-UN        Non-UN       Non-UN
                                                      personne      personne      personne     personne
                                                           l             l             l            l
          Sudan (    Timor-     Iraq,      Iraq--     contributi    contributi    contributi   contributi
          EU and      Leste   approved    Peace          ons,          ons,          ons,         ons,
           AU-      (Operatio multinatio Support &     average      maximum        average     maximum
Somalia   AUMIS)    n Astute) nal force Traning        for year      for year      for year     for year
                                       0          0            10            10          -            -
                                       0          0          -             -             -            -
                                       0          0          -             -             -            -
                                       0          0            27            27          -            -
                                       0          0          -             -             -            -
                                       0          0          -             -             -            -
                                       0          0            40            40          -            -
                                       0          0          -             -             -            -
                                       0          0          -             -             -            -
                                       0          0          -             -             -            -
                                       0          0            82            82          -            -
                                       0          0          -             -             -            -
                                       0          0          105           105           -            -
                                       0          0            25            25          -            -
                                       0          0             3             3          -            -
                                       0          0          -             -             -            -
                                        -         -          -             -             -            -
                                       0          0          -             -             -            -
                                       0          0          -             -             -            -
                                       0          0          -             -             -            -
                                       0          0          -             -             -            -
  28000                                0          0      12,167        28,500            -            -
                                       0          0            10            10          -            -
                                       0          0          -             -             -            -
                                       0          0          -             -             -            -
0   0         27          27     -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
0   0         40          40     -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
0   0         82          82     -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
0   0         22          22     -       -
0   0         25          25     -       -
0   0          3           3     -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
-   -     -           -          -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
0   0   7,167      20,500        -       -
0   0       26          26       -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
0   0       28          28       -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
0   0       17          17       -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
0   0       82          82       -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
0   0       25          25       -       -
0   0        4           4       -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
-   -     -           -          -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
0   0   1,600       3,400        -       -
0   0       26          26       -       -
0   0     -           -          -       -
0   0     420         420        420     420
0   0   1,052       1,052      1,024   1,024
0   0     807         807        807     807
0   0     450         450        450     450
0   0   7,517       7,517      7,500   7,500
0   0   4,000       4,000      4,000   4,000
0   0   1,000       1,000      1,000   1,000
0   0     -           -          -       -
0   0   2,282       2,282      2,200   2,200
0   0      -         -         -         -
0   0    2,360     2,360     2,360     2,360
0   0        25        25      -         -
0   0      754       754       750       750
0   0      900       900       900       900
-   -      -         -         -         -
0   0    1,400     1,400     1,400     1,400
0   0      500       500       500       500
0   0      -         -         -         -
0   0   10,500    10,500    10,500    10,500
0   0    6,800     6,800     5,800     5,800
0   0        26        26      -         -
0   0      225       225       225       225
0   0      205       205       205       205
0   0    1,018     1,018       990       990
0   0      662       662       662       662
0   0      339       339       339       339
0   0    3,663     3,663     3,646     3,646
0   0    2,533     2,533     2,533     2,533
0   0      217       217       217       217
0   0      -         -         -         -
0   0    1,906     1,906     1,825     1,825
0   0      -         -         -         -
0   0    1,155     1,155     1,155     1,155
0   0        25        25      -         -
0   0      597       597       593       593
0   0      319       319       319       319
-   -      -         -         -         -
0   0    1,834     1,834     1,554     1,554
0   0      488       488       488       488
0   0      -         -         -         -
0   0    6,083     6,083     5,753     5,753
0   0   19,845    19,845    18,928    18,928
-   -        84      126       -         -
-   -      200       200       200       200
-   -      550       550       550       550
-   -      988       988       960       960
-   -      600       600       600       600
-   -      -         -         -         -
-   -    3,317     3,317     3,300     3,300
-   -    2,681     2,681     2,600     2,600
-   -      250       250       250       250
-   -      -         -         -         -
-   -    2,500     2,500     2,500     2,500
-   -      -         -         -         -
-   -    1,375     1,375     1,375     1,375
-   -      123       177         22        22
-   -      704       704       700       700
-   -      -         -         -         -
-   -      -         -         -         -
-   -    1,600     1,600     1,600     1,600
-   -      -         -         -         -
-   -      -         -         -         -
-   -    5,410     5,410     5,250     5,250
-   -   15,149    15,149    12,810    12,810
-   -    1,976     5,576       -         -
-   -      245       416       245       416
-   -      775     1,629       775     1,629
-   -    1,610     2,379     1,582     2,351
-   -      697       954       697       954
-   -      -         -         -         -
-   -    3,860     7,062     3,843     7,045
-   -    6,957    15,067     6,957    15,067
-   -      374       843       374       843
-   -        50        50        50        50
-   -    4,284     8,886     4,207     8,809
-   -      -         -         -         -
-   -    1,578     3,236     1,578     3,236
-   -        83        83        27        27
-   -      842     1,183       837     1,178
-   -        90      431         90      431
-   -      -         -         -         -
-   -    1,724     2,193     1,724     2,193
-   -      511       511       511       511
-   -        22      108         22      108
-   -   11,000    17,788    10,840    17,628
-   -   25,085    64,668    22,767    62,350
-   -    1,076     5,576       -         -
-   -      536       536       536       536
-   -    1,454     1,454     1,454     1,454
-   -    2,176     2,176     2,150     2,150
-   -    1,325     1,325     1,325     1,325
-   -    1,280     1,280     1,280     1,280
-   -    8,297     8,297     8,280     8,280
-   -    7,669     7,669     7,669     7,669
-   -      680       680       680       680
-   -      154       154       154       154
-   -    8,117     8,117     8,040     8,040
-   -      -         -         -         -
-   -    2,872     2,872     2,872     2,872
-   -        84        84        27        27
-   -    1,330     1,330     1,325     1,325
-   -      675       675       675       675
-   -      -         -         -         -
-   -    2,500     2,500     2,500     2,500
-   -    1,270     1,270     1,270     1,270
-   -      130       130       130       130
-   -    7,273    11,210     6,550     6,550
-   -   16,858    16,858    14,540    14,540
-   -      175       175       -         -
-   -      536       536       536       536
-   -    1,460     1,460     1,460     1,460
-   -    2,027     2,027     2,000     2,000
-   -    1,245     1,245     1,245     1,245
-   -      920       920       920       920
-   -    7,317     7,317     7,300     7,300
-   -    7,200     7,200     7,200     7,200
-   -    1,950     1,950     1,950     1,950
-   -      154       154       154       154
-   -    6,937     6,937     6,860     6,860
-   -      -         -         -         -
-   -    2,630     2,630     2,630     2,630
-   -        62        62        27        27
-   -    1,110     1,110     1,105     1,105
-   -      643       643       643       643
-   -      -           90      -         -
-   -    2,500     2,500     2,500     2,500
-   -      793       793       793       793
-   -      160       160       160       160
-   -    7,035     7,035     6,850     6,850
-   -   15,180    15,180    12,920    12,920
-   -        60        60      -         -
-   -      560       560       500       500
-   -    1,460     1,460     1,460     1,460
-   -    2,429     2,429     2,400     2,400
-   -      955       955       905       905
-   -      870       870       820       820
-   -    8,050     8,800     7,400     7,400
-   -    7,620     7,620     6,500     6,500
-   -    1,980     1,980     1,950     1,950
-   -      204       204       154       154
-   -    7,385     7,385     6,960     6,960
-   -      -         -         -         -
-   -    2,600     2,600     2,450     2,450
-   -        79        79        26        26
-   -    1,137     1,137     1,105     1,105
-   -      663       663       643       643
-   -      -           90      -         -
-   -    2,890     2,890     2,540     2,540
-   -      838       838       793       793
-   -      160       160       160       160
-   -    4,840     4,840     4,250     4,250
-   -    9,110     9,110     7,710     7,710
-   -      483     1,755       -         -
-   -      542       542       537       537
-   -      669       669       504       504
-   -    2,429     2,429     2,400     2,400
-   -      955       955       905       905
-   -      870       870       820       820
-   -    5,815     5,815     5,300     5,300
-   -    6,563     6,563     4,100     4,100
-   -    1,980     1,980     1,950     1,950
-   -      154       154       154       154
-   -    7,105     7,105     6,380     6,380
-   -      -         -         -         -
-   -    1,760     1,760     1,150     1,150
-   -     207     318       26       26
-   -   1,139   1,139   1,105    1,105
-   -     663     663     643      643
-   -     -       205     -        -
-   -   2,850   2,850   2,500    2,500
-   -     744     744     710      710
-   -     222     222     220      220
-   -   3,450   3,450   3,150    3,150
-   -   5,410   5,410   4,660    4,660
-   -     555     555     -        -
-   -     826     826     823      823
-   -     754     754     504      504
-   -   2,437   2,437     832      832
-   -     559     559     374      374
-   -     793     793     710      710
-   -   3,480   3,480   2,900    2,900
-   -   7,172   7,172   5,100    5,100
-   -   2,077   2,077   1,950    1,950
-   -     165     165     154      154
-   -   4,819   4,819   3,753    3,753
-   -     -       -       -        -
-   -   1,233   1,233   1,080    1,080
-   -     219     219       12       12
-   -     336     336     185      185
-   -     651     651     643      643
-   -     -       205     -        -
-   -   1,860   1,860   1,735    1,735
-   -     676     676     657      657
-   -     224     224     220      220
-   -   3,165   3,165   2,850    2,850
-   -   3,716   3,716   2,899    2,899
-   -     475     640     -        -
-   -   1,113   1,113   1,109    1,109
-   -     773     773     472      472
-   -   2,335   2,335        6        6
-   -     474     549     368      443
-   -     730     730     630      630
-   -   4,375   4,458   2,918    3,001
-   -   6,935   7,098   4,135    4,135
-   -   1,574   1,574   1,417    1,417
-   -     269     269     262      262
-   -   5,035   5,036   3,090    3,090
-   -     -       -       -        -
-   -   1,584   1,584     384      384
-   -     203     203       21       21
-   -     590     590     153      153
-   -   1,031   1,031     865      865
-   -     205     205     -        -
-   -   1,833   1,833   1,261    1,261
-   -     665     665     415      415
-   -     278     278     274      274
-   -   4,800   4,800   1,500    1,500
13         -   -    2,853    2,904   2,064    2,115
           -   -      405      571     -        -
           -   -      564      564     560      560
           -   -      738      738     471      471
12         -   -    2,561    2,629       20       20
           -   -      714      789     323      398
           -   -      677      677     577      577
           -   -    4,459    4,701   2,905    2,905
           -   -    7,232    7,541   3,900    3,900
           -   -    1,742    1,742   1,584    1,584
3          -   -      284      283     273      273
           -   -    4,718    4,723   3,317    3,320
           -   -      -        -       -        -
           -   -    2,158    2,161     261      261
     142   -   -      276      357       11       11
           -   -      464      464       28       28
           -   -      703      724     501      501
           -   -      157      209     -        -
           -   -    1,945    1,999   1,244    1,244
           -   -      759      759     405      405
           -   -      254      254     246      246
           -   -    7,074    7,074     794      794
           -   -   22,962   25,832   2,095    2,140
     850   -   -    1,922    1,922     -        -
1          -   -      222      222     218      218
           -   -      889      890     520      520
11         -   -    2,817    2,817     -        -
           -   -      817      817     363      363
           -   -      599      599     514      514
           -   -    3,924    5,430   1,903    1,903
           -   -    5,926    5,926   2,514    2,514
           -   -      924      924     787      787
           -   -      252      652     245      245
6          -   -    5,298    5,300   2,798    2,798
           -   -      -        -       -        -
           -   -    1,591    1,692       68       68
     180   -   -      392      392        3        3
           -   -      611      611       94       94
1          -   -      473      473     310      310
           -   -      207      207     -        -
 2         -   -    1,655    1,655     911      911
12         -   -      762      962     404      404
           -   -      253      253     246      246
           -   -    7,684    7,684     171      171
2          -   -   26,922   26,936   1,874    1,888
5




              2.5
               12
    12    0    12   12
    12    8    12   12
    12   12    12   12
        MNA                         SSA                       SAS                       EAP                       LAC


 Non-UN        Non-UN        Non-UN       Non-UN       Non-UN       Non-UN       Non-UN       Non-UN       Non-UN
personne      personne      personne     personne     personne     personne     personne     personne     personne
     l             l             l            l            l            l            l            l            l
contributi    contributi    contributi   contributi   contributi   contributi   contributi   contributi   contributi
   ons,          ons,          ons,         ons,         ons,         ons,         ons,         ons,         ons,
 average      maximum        average     maximum       average     maximum       average     maximum       average
 for year      for year      for year     for year     for year     for year     for year     for year     for year
         10            10          -            -            -            -            -            -            -
       -             -             -            -            -            -            -            -            -
       -             -             -            -            -            -            -            -            -
         27            27          -            -            -            -            -            -            -
       -             -             -            -            -            -            -            -            -
       -             -             -            -            -            -            -            -            -
         40            40          -            -            -            -            -            -            -
       -             -             -            -            -            -            -            -            -
       -             -             -            -            -            -            -            -            -
       -             -             -            -            -            -            -            -            -
         82            82          -            -            -            -            -            -            -
       -             -             -            -            -            -            -            -            -
       105           105           -            -            -            -            -            -            -
         25            25          -            -            -            -            -            -            -
          3             3          -            -            -            -            -            -            -
       -             -             -            -            -            -            -            -            -
       -             -             -            -            -            -            -            -            -
       -             -             -            -            -            -            -            -            -
       -             -             -            -            -            -            -            -            -
       -             -             -            -            -            -            -            -            -
       -             -             -            -            -            -            -            -            -
       500           500       11,667       28,000           -            -            -            -            -
         10            10          -            -            -            -            -            -            -
       -             -             -            -            -            -            -            -            -
       -             -             -            -            -            -            -            -            -
      27         27   -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
      40         40   -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
      82         82   -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
      22         22   -   -   -   -   -   -     -
      25         25   -   -   -   -   -   -     -
       3          3   -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  500        500      -   -   -   -   -   -   6,667
    26         26     -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
    28         28     -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
    17         17     -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
    82         82     -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
    25         25     -   -   -   -   -   -     -
     4          4     -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
1,000      1,000      -   -   -   -   -   -     600
    26         26     -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
    28         28     -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
    17         17     -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -   -     -
    82         82     -   -   -   -   -   -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
      25         25   -   -   -   -   -        -     -
       4          4   -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
1,000      1,000      -   -   -   -   -        -     -
    26         26     -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
    28         28     -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
    17         17     -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
    81         81     -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
    25         25     -   -   -   -   -        -     -
     4          4     -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  280        280      -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  330        330      -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  917        917      -   -   -   -   -        -     -
    26         26     -   -   -   -       58   100   -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
    28         28     -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
    17         17     -   -   -   -   -        -     -
    81         81     -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
    25         25     -   -   -   -       76   130   -
     4          4     -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -          -        -   -   -   -   -        -     -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  160      160    -       -     -   -     -        -      -
2,339    2,339    -       -     -   -     -        -      -
    26       26   -       -     -   -   1,950    5,550    -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
    28       28   -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
    17       17   -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
    77       77   -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
    26       26   -       -     -   -       30       30   -
     5        5   -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  160      160    -       -     -   -     -        -      -
2,318    2,318    -       -     -   -     -        -      -
    26       26   -       -     -   -   1,050    5,550    -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
    26       26   -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
    17       17   -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
    77       77   -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
    26       26   -       -     -   -       31       31   -
     5        5   -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  160      160    563   4,500   -   -     -        -      -
2,318    2,318    -       -     -   -     -        -      -
    26       26   -       -     -   -     149      149    -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
    27       27   -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -        -      -       -     -   -     -        -      -
  -          -        -       -       -          -        -          -        -
      17         17   -       -       -          -        -          -        -
  -          -        -       -       -          -        -          -        -
  -          -        -       -       -          -        -          -        -
  -          -        -       -       -          -        -          -        -
      77         77   -       -       -          -        -          -        -
  -          -        -       -       -          -        -          -        -
  -          -        -       -       -          -        -          -        -
      26         26   -       -       -          -            9          9    -
       5          5   -       -       -          -        -          -        -
  -          -        -       -       -          -        -          -        -
  -          -        -       -       -              90   -          -        -
  -          -        -       -       -          -        -          -        -
  -          -        -       -       -          -        -          -        -
  -          -        -       -       -          -        -          -        -
  185        185      -       -       -          -        -          -        -
2,260      2,260      -       -       -          -        -          -        -
    25         25     -       -       -          -            35         35   -
  -          -        -       -           60         60   -          -        -
  -          -        -       -       -          -        -          -        -
    29         29     -       -       -          -        -          -        -
  -          -        -       -         50         50     -          -        -
  -          -        -       -         50         50     -          -        -
  -          -        250   1,000     400        400      -          -        -
  -          -        -       -     1,120      1,120      -          -        -
  -          -        -       -         30         30     -          -        -
  -          -        -       -         50         50     -          -        -
    75         75     -       -       350        350      -          -        -
  -          -        -       -       -          -        -          -        -
  -          -        -       -       150        150      -          -        -
    26         26     -       -         12         12       15         15     -
     4          4     -       -         28         28     -          -        -
  -          -        -       -         20         20     -          -        -
  -          -        -       -       -            90     -          -        -
  -          -        -       -       350        350      -          -        -
  -          -        -       -         45         45     -          -        -
  -          -        -       -       -          -        -          -        -
  190        190      -       -       400        400      -          -        -
1,400      1,400      -       -       -          -        -          -        -
    25         25     -       -       -          -        458      1,730      -
  -          -        -       -          5          5     -          -        -
  -          -        -       -       165        165      -          -        -
    29         29     -       -       -          -        -          -        -
  -          -        -       -         50         50     -          -        -
  -          -        -       -         50         50     -          -        -
    15         15     -       -       500        500      -          -        -
  -          -        -       -     2,463      2,463      -          -        -
  -          -        -       -         30         30     -          -        -
  -          -        -       -       -          -        -          -        -
    75         75     -       -       650        650      -          -        -
  -          -        -       -       -          -        -          -        -
  -          -        -       -       610        610      -          -        -
 26     26    -       -         111      111      44   155   -
  4      4    -       -           30       30   -      -     -
-      -      -       -           20       20   -      -     -
-      -      -       -         -        205    -      -     -
-      -      -       -         350      350    -      -     -
-      -      -       -           34       34   -      -     -
-      -      -       -            2        2   -      -     -
-      -      -       -         300      300    -      -     -
750    750    -       -         -        -      -      -     -
  25     25   -       -         -        -      530    530   -
-      -      -       -            3        3   -      -     -
-      -      -       -         250      250    -      -     -
  29     29   -       -       1,576    1,576    -      -     -
-      -      -       -         185      185    -      -     -
-      -      -       -           83       83   -      -     -
  15     15   -       -         565      565    -      -     -
-      -      -       -       2,072    2,072    -      -     -
-      -      -       -         127      127    -      -     -
-      -      -       -           11       11   -      -     -
  76     76   -       -         990      990    -      -     -
-      -      -       -         -        -      -      -     -
-      -      -       -         153      153    -      -     -
  26     26   -       -         181      181    -      -     -
   4      4   -       -         147      147    -      -     -
-      -      -       -            8        8   -      -     -
-      -      -       -         -        205    -      -     -
-      -      -       -         125      125    -      -     -
-      -      -       -           19       19   -      -     -
-      -      -       -            4        4   -      -     -
-      -      -       -         315      315    -      -     -
750    750    -       -           67       67   -      -     -
  25     25   -       -         400      400      50   215   -
-      -      -       -            4        4   -      -     -
-      -      -       -         301      301    -      -     -
  29     29   -       -       2,300    2,300    -      -     -
-      -      -       -         106      106    -      -     -
-      -      -       -         100      100    -      -     -
  15     15   -       -       1,442    1,442    -      -     -
-      -      -       -       2,800    2,963    -      -     -
-      -      -       -         157      157    -      -     -
-      -      -       -            7        7   -      -     -
  76     76       1       2   1,868    1,868    -      -     -
-      -      -       -         -        -      -      -     -
-      -      -       -       1,200    1,200    -      -     -
  26     26   -       -         156      156    -      -     -
   3      3   -       -         434      434    -      -     -
-      -      -       -         166      166    -      -     -
-      -      -       -         205      205    -      -     -
-      -      -       -         572      572    -      -     -
-      -      -       -         250      250    -      -     -
-      -      -       -            4        4   -      -     -
-      -      -       -       3,300    3,300    -      -     -
687    687        13         13        89        89   -     -     -
  25     25   -          -           240       240    140   306   -
-      -      -          -              4         4   -     -     -
-      -           2          2      265       265    -     -     -
  28     28       23         23    2,490     2,558    -     -     -
-      -      -          -           391       391    -     -     -
-      -      -          -           100       100    -     -     -
  15     15   274        461       1,265     1,320    -     -     -
-      -      432        741       2,900     2,900    -     -     -
-      -      -          -           158       158    -     -     -
-      -         3          3           7         7     1     1   -
  91     91      4          4      1,306     1,308    -     -     -
-      -      -          -           -         -      -     -     -
-      -         4          5      1,894     1,895    -     -     -
  26     26   -          -           103       136    137   184   -
   3      3   -          -           433       433    -     -     -
-      -        36         57        166       166    -     -     -
-      -      -          -           157       209    -     -     -
-      -        76       130         625       625    -     -     -
-      -      -          -           350       350      4     4   -
-      -      -          -              3         3     5     5   -
-      -      100        100       6,180     6,180    -     -     -
392    392    -          -        20,475    23,300    -     -     -
  25     25   -          -           907       907    990   990   -
-      -         1          1           3         3   -     -     -
-      -         1          2        368       368    -     -     -
  28     28     22         22      2,767     2,767    -     -     -
-      -      -          -           454       454    -     -     -
-      -      -          -             85        85   -     -     -
-      -         6     1,512       2,015     2,015    -     -     -
-      -      -          -         3,412     3,412    -     -     -
-      -      -          -           137       137    -     -     -
-      -      -          400            7         7   -     -     -
  97     97      8         10      2,395     2,395    -     -     -
-      -      -          -           -         -      -     -     -
-      -         1       102       1,522     1,522    -     -     -
  26     26   -          -           139       139    224   224   -
   9      9   -          -           508       508    -     -     -
-      -         1          1        162       162    -     -     -
-      -      -          -           207       207    -     -     -
-      -         2          2        742       742    -     -     -
-      -        13       213         340       340      5     5   -
-      -      -          -              2         2     5     5   -
-      -      115        115       7,398     7,398    -     -     -
288    288       2          2     24,758    24,758    -     -     -
LAC                              All                    ECA                      MNA                        SSA


  Non-UN
 personne
      l                  Direct      Indirect    Direct      Indirect      Direct        Indirect    Direct
 contributi            cost of UN cost of UN cost of UN cost of UN       cost of UN    cost of UN cost of UN
    ons,               personnel personnel personnel personnel           personnel     personnel personnel
 maximum               contributio contributio contributio contributio   contributio   contributio contributio
  for year    Weight       ns          ns       ns ECA      ns ECA        ns MNA        ns MNA      ns SSA
        -      1.000    0.0157% 0.0196% 0.0007% 0.0008%                   0.0004%       0.0005% 0.0023%
        -      1.000    0.0406% 0.0147% 0.0168% 0.0061%                   0.0225%       0.0082% 0.0002%
        -      1.000    0.0509% 0.0211% 0.0306% 0.0127%                   0.0002%       0.0001% 0.0199%
        -      1.000    0.0458% 0.0639% 0.0384% 0.0535%                   0.0033%       0.0046% 0.0010%
        -      1.000    0.0796% 0.0739% 0.0751% 0.0697%                   0.0041%       0.0038% 0.0000%
        -      1.000    0.1299% 0.0679% 0.0377% 0.0197%                   0.0917%       0.0479% 0.0000%
        -      1.000    0.0549% 0.0542% 0.0379% 0.0374%                   0.0033%       0.0032% 0.0041%
        -      1.000    0.0047% 0.0041% 0.0000% 0.0000%                   0.0000%       0.0000% 0.0039%
        -      1.000    0.0065% 0.0020% 0.0000% 0.0000%                   0.0006%       0.0002% 0.0059%
        -      1.000    0.1408% 0.0651% 0.0066% 0.0030%                   0.1209%       0.0559% 0.0079%
        -      1.000    0.0217% 0.0118% 0.0000% 0.0000%                   0.0006%       0.0003% 0.0206%
        -      1.000    0.0007% 0.0013% 0.0000% 0.0000%                   0.0000%       0.0000% 0.0001%
        -      1.000    0.0631% 0.0704% 0.0393% 0.0439%                   0.0004%       0.0005% 0.0009%
        -      1.000    0.0231% 0.0201% 0.0018% 0.0016%                   0.0012%       0.0010% 0.0076%
        -      1.000    0.1055% 0.1335% 0.0297% 0.0376%                   0.0659%       0.0834% 0.0083%
        -      1.000    0.0200% 0.0068% 0.0054% 0.0018%                   0.0000%       0.0000% 0.0147%
        -      1.000    0.0035% 0.0007% 0.0000% 0.0000%                   0.0000%       0.0000% 0.0035%
        -      1.000    0.0214% 0.0079% 0.0189% 0.0069%                   0.0000%       0.0000% 0.0003%
        -      1.000    0.0564% 0.0518% 0.0272% 0.0249%                   0.0233%       0.0213% 0.0045%
        -      1.000    0.0021% 0.0057% 0.0004% 0.0010%                   0.0002%       0.0006% 0.0015%
        -      1.000    0.0303% 0.0440% 0.0292% 0.0423%                   0.0001%       0.0002% 0.0001%
        -      1.000    0.0026% 0.0045% 0.0006% 0.0010%                   0.0000%       0.0001% 0.0019%
        -      1.072    0.0081% 0.0108% 0.0006% 0.0008%                   0.0004%       0.0005% 0.0071%
        -      1.072    0.0440% 0.0152% 0.0172% 0.0059%                   0.0240%       0.0083% 0.0027%
        -      1.072    0.0603% 0.0275% 0.0512% 0.0234%                   0.0002%       0.0001% 0.0088%
   -     1.072   0.0438%   0.0558%   0.0357%   0.0455%   0.0041%   0.0053%   0.0039%
   -     1.072   0.0883%   0.0941%   0.0838%   0.0893%   0.0039%   0.0042%   0.0002%
   -     1.072   0.0864%   0.0490%   0.0315%   0.0179%   0.0540%   0.0306%   0.0002%
   -     1.072   0.0464%   0.0446%   0.0427%   0.0411%   0.0034%   0.0032%   0.0002%
   -     1.072   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
   -     1.072   0.0010%   0.0002%   0.0002%   0.0001%   0.0006%   0.0001%   0.0002%
   -     1.072   0.1469%   0.0631%   0.0129%   0.0055%   0.1214%   0.0521%   0.0122%
   -     1.072   0.0065%   0.0036%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0005%   0.0003%   0.0058%
   -     1.072   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%
   -     1.072   0.0507%   0.0570%   0.0497%   0.0558%   0.0004%   0.0005%   0.0006%
   -     1.072   0.0345%   0.0278%   0.0266%   0.0214%   0.0013%   0.0011%   0.0063%
   -     1.072   0.1369%   0.1447%   0.0687%   0.0726%   0.0667%   0.0705%   0.0013%
   -     1.072   0.0315%   0.0103%   0.0064%   0.0021%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0251%
   -     1.072   0.0007%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0007%
   -     1.072   0.0293%   0.0091%   0.0267%   0.0083%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0009%
   -     1.072   0.0691%   0.0573%   0.0583%   0.0484%   0.0081%   0.0067%   0.0022%
   -     1.072   0.0016%   0.0055%   0.0006%   0.0019%   0.0003%   0.0009%   0.0008%
   -     1.072   0.0340%   0.0503%   0.0311%   0.0460%   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0028%
20,000   1.072   0.0011%   0.0020%   0.0011%   0.0019%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0000%
   -     1.149   0.0053%   0.0074%   0.0006%   0.0008%   0.0004%   0.0005%   0.0043%
   -     1.149   0.0408%   0.0161%   0.0162%   0.0064%   0.0224%   0.0088%   0.0013%
   -     1.149   0.0342%   0.0269%   0.0339%   0.0266%   0.0003%   0.0002%   0.0000%
   -     1.149   0.0493%   0.0635%   0.0319%   0.0412%   0.0043%   0.0055%   0.0022%
   -     1.149   0.0682%   0.0608%   0.0644%   0.0574%   0.0034%   0.0030%   0.0000%
   -     1.149   0.0865%   0.0634%   0.0409%   0.0300%   0.0450%   0.0330%   0.0000%
   -     1.149   0.0448%   0.0477%   0.0420%   0.0447%   0.0020%   0.0021%   0.0002%
   -     1.149   0.0012%   0.0018%   0.0011%   0.0017%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%
   -     1.149   0.0013%   0.0003%   0.0006%   0.0001%   0.0006%   0.0001%   0.0001%
   -     1.149   0.1216%   0.0710%   0.0109%   0.0064%   0.1076%   0.0628%   0.0026%
   -     1.149   0.0007%   0.0004%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0006%   0.0003%   0.0001%
   -     1.149   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
   -     1.149   0.0405%   0.0502%   0.0356%   0.0441%   0.0003%   0.0004%   0.0006%
   -     1.149   0.0496%   0.0318%   0.0455%   0.0292%   0.0012%   0.0008%   0.0025%
   -     1.149   0.1267%   0.1713%   0.0649%   0.0878%   0.0614%   0.0830%   0.0004%
   -     1.149   0.0175%   0.0056%   0.0048%   0.0015%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0127%
   -     1.149   0.0014%   0.0003%   0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0011%
   -     1.149   0.0264%   0.0091%   0.0263%   0.0091%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
   -     1.149   0.0393%   0.0369%   0.0372%   0.0349%   0.0010%   0.0010%   0.0008%
   -     1.149   0.0010%   0.0037%   0.0007%   0.0024%   0.0003%   0.0011%   0.0001%
   -     1.149   0.0588%   0.0920%   0.0584%   0.0915%   0.0002%   0.0003%   0.0002%
 2,400   1.149   0.0048%   0.0087%   0.0013%   0.0024%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0000%
   -     1.231   0.0009%   0.0012%   0.0005%   0.0007%   0.0003%   0.0004%   0.0000%
   -     1.231   0.0442%   0.0174%   0.0174%   0.0068%   0.0262%   0.0103%   0.0005%
   -     1.231   0.0352%   0.0254%   0.0349%   0.0252%   0.0003%   0.0002%   0.0000%
   -     1.231   0.0168%   0.0192%   0.0003%   0.0003%   0.0040%   0.0045%   0.0000%
   -     1.231   0.0098%   0.0096%   0.0072%   0.0071%   0.0022%   0.0021%   0.0000%
   -     1.231   0.0896%   0.0547%   0.0411%   0.0251%   0.0479%   0.0293%   0.0000%
   -     1.231   0.0040%   0.0040%   0.0008%   0.0008%   0.0022%   0.0022%   0.0003%
   -     1.231   0.0005%   0.0005%   0.0004%   0.0004%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%
   -     1.231   0.0015%   0.0003%   0.0009%   0.0002%   0.0005%   0.0001%   0.0001%
   -     1.231   0.1188%   0.0708%   0.0143%   0.0085%   0.1031%   0.0614%   0.0014%
   -     1.231   0.0007%   0.0005%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0006%   0.0004%   0.0001%
-   1.231   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0000%
-   1.231   0.0029%   0.0040%   0.0017%   0.0023%   0.0004%   0.0005%   0.0009%
-   1.231   0.0047%   0.0036%   0.0010%   0.0007%   0.0012%   0.0010%   0.0025%
-   1.231   0.0624%   0.0805%   0.0102%   0.0131%   0.0518%   0.0668%   0.0005%
-   1.231   0.0414%   0.0136%   0.0036%   0.0012%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0377%
-   1.231   0.0071%   0.0016%   0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0066%
-   1.231   0.0007%   0.0003%   0.0007%   0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
-   1.231   0.0078%   0.0082%   0.0051%   0.0053%   0.0010%   0.0010%   0.0014%
-   1.231   0.0013%   0.0039%   0.0010%   0.0031%   0.0003%   0.0008%   0.0000%
-   1.231   0.0041%   0.0062%   0.0040%   0.0060%   0.0002%   0.0002%   0.0000%
-   1.231   0.0014%   0.0026%   0.0010%   0.0018%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0000%
-   1.320   0.0013%   0.0019%   0.0009%   0.0013%   0.0004%   0.0005%   0.0000%
-   1.320   0.0559%   0.0213%   0.0231%   0.0088%   0.0324%   0.0124%   0.0003%
-   1.320   0.0443%   0.0295%   0.0439%   0.0293%   0.0003%   0.0002%   0.0000%
-   1.320   0.0199%   0.0235%   0.0003%   0.0004%   0.0042%   0.0049%   0.0000%
-   1.320   0.0095%   0.0091%   0.0078%   0.0075%   0.0012%   0.0012%   0.0000%
-   1.320   0.0965%   0.0572%   0.0422%   0.0250%   0.0538%   0.0319%   0.0000%
-   1.320   0.0043%   0.0043%   0.0010%   0.0010%   0.0024%   0.0024%   0.0003%
-   1.320   0.0011%   0.0009%   0.0010%   0.0008%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%
-   1.320   0.0015%   0.0003%   0.0009%   0.0002%   0.0005%   0.0001%   0.0001%
-   1.320   0.1184%   0.0734%   0.0159%   0.0099%   0.1012%   0.0628%   0.0013%
-   1.320   0.0011%   0.0006%   0.0003%   0.0001%   0.0007%   0.0004%   0.0001%
-   1.320   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0000%
-   1.320   0.0030%   0.0038%   0.0020%   0.0025%   0.0004%   0.0006%   0.0006%
-   1.320   0.0043%   0.0035%   0.0014%   0.0011%   0.0014%   0.0011%   0.0016%
-   1.320   0.0551%   0.0586%   0.0082%   0.0087%   0.0465%   0.0494%   0.0004%
-   1.320   0.0538%   0.0158%   0.0069%   0.0020%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0469%
-   1.320   0.0015%   0.0003%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0011%
-   1.320   0.0015%   0.0005%   0.0009%   0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
-   1.320   0.0088%   0.0082%   0.0058%   0.0054%   0.0009%   0.0009%   0.0015%
-   1.320   0.0008%   0.0019%   0.0006%   0.0014%   0.0002%   0.0004%   0.0000%
-   1.320   0.0041%   0.0070%   0.0040%   0.0068%   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0000%
-   1.320   0.0013%   0.0023%   0.0011%   0.0021%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
-   1.414   0.0012%   0.0015%   0.0007%   0.0009%   0.0005%   0.0006%   0.0000%
-   1.414   0.0542%   0.0220%   0.0211%   0.0085%   0.0328%   0.0133%   0.0003%
-   1.414   0.0006%   0.0004%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0003%   0.0002%   0.0000%
-   1.414   0.0066%   0.0070%   0.0015%   0.0016%   0.0047%   0.0050%   0.0002%
-   1.414   0.0100%   0.0086%   0.0082%   0.0071%   0.0012%   0.0011%   0.0000%
-   1.414   0.0851%   0.0521%   0.0294%   0.0180%   0.0552%   0.0338%   0.0000%
-   1.414   0.0057%   0.0051%   0.0012%   0.0011%   0.0028%   0.0025%   0.0013%
-   1.414   0.0012%   0.0010%   0.0011%   0.0009%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%
-   1.414   0.0028%   0.0007%   0.0021%   0.0005%   0.0006%   0.0001%   0.0001%
-   1.414   0.1166%   0.0827%   0.0149%   0.0106%   0.1005%   0.0713%   0.0013%
-   1.414   0.0011%   0.0007%   0.0003%   0.0002%   0.0007%   0.0004%   0.0001%
-   1.414   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%
-   1.414   0.0042%   0.0053%   0.0038%   0.0048%   0.0004%   0.0005%   0.0000%
-   1.414   0.0034%   0.0031%   0.0005%   0.0005%   0.0018%   0.0016%   0.0010%
-   1.414   0.0679%   0.0809%   0.0079%   0.0094%   0.0597%   0.0711%   0.0004%
-   1.414   0.0318%   0.0096%   0.0078%   0.0024%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0240%
-   1.414   0.0010%   0.0002%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0006%
-   1.414   0.0015%   0.0005%   0.0014%   0.0004%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0002%
-   1.414   0.0135%   0.0125%   0.0080%   0.0074%   0.0011%   0.0010%   0.0039%
-   1.414   0.0015%   0.0037%   0.0011%   0.0027%   0.0004%   0.0009%   0.0000%
-   1.414   0.0042%   0.0077%   0.0041%   0.0074%   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0000%
-   1.414   0.0010%   0.0020%   0.0009%   0.0018%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
-   1.516   0.0017%   0.0021%   0.0008%   0.0010%   0.0005%   0.0006%   0.0000%
-   1.516   0.0534%   0.0216%   0.0225%   0.0091%   0.0301%   0.0122%   0.0004%
-   1.516   0.0006%   0.0004%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0003%   0.0002%   0.0000%
-   1.516   0.0081%   0.0092%   0.0013%   0.0015%   0.0048%   0.0054%   0.0014%
-   1.516   0.0072%   0.0075%   0.0050%   0.0052%   0.0014%   0.0014%   0.0001%
-   1.516   0.0659%   0.0347%   0.0056%   0.0029%   0.0597%   0.0314%   0.0000%
-   1.516   0.0052%   0.0048%   0.0017%   0.0016%   0.0028%   0.0025%   0.0004%
-   1.516   0.0020%   0.0015%   0.0018%   0.0014%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%
-   1.516   0.0033%   0.0007%   0.0024%   0.0005%   0.0007%   0.0001%   0.0001%
-   1.516   0.1142%   0.0728%   0.0119%   0.0076%   0.1008%   0.0643%   0.0012%
-   1.516   0.0015%   0.0009%   0.0007%   0.0004%   0.0007%   0.0004%   0.0000%
-   1.516   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0000%
-   1.516   0.0065%   0.0074%   0.0061%   0.0069%   0.0004%   0.0005%   0.0000%
-   1.516   0.0044%   0.0037%   0.0007%   0.0006%   0.0019%   0.0016%   0.0004%
-   1.516   0.0044%   0.0046%   0.0028%   0.0029%   0.0012%   0.0012%   0.0005%
-   1.516   0.0090%   0.0024%   0.0072%   0.0019%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0017%
-   1.516   0.0009%   0.0002%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0004%
-   1.516   0.0022%   0.0009%   0.0020%   0.0008%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
-   1.516   0.0058%   0.0049%   0.0033%   0.0028%   0.0015%   0.0013%   0.0001%
-   1.516   0.0011%   0.0022%   0.0006%   0.0012%   0.0005%   0.0009%   0.0000%
-   1.516   0.0043%   0.0072%   0.0041%   0.0068%   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0001%
-   1.516   0.0008%   0.0015%   0.0007%   0.0013%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
-   1.625   0.0762%   0.1018%   0.0008%   0.0011%   0.0005%   0.0007%   0.0000%
-   1.625   0.0666%   0.0267%   0.0309%   0.0124%   0.0343%   0.0138%   0.0005%
-   1.625   0.0012%   0.0007%   0.0006%   0.0003%   0.0005%   0.0003%   0.0001%
-   1.625   0.0082%   0.0098%   0.0025%   0.0030%   0.0049%   0.0059%   0.0002%
-   1.625   0.0101%   0.0100%   0.0069%   0.0069%   0.0017%   0.0017%   0.0003%
-   1.625   0.0891%   0.0424%   0.0063%   0.0030%   0.0815%   0.0387%   0.0005%
-   1.625   0.0064%   0.0055%   0.0024%   0.0021%   0.0035%   0.0030%   0.0004%
-   1.625   0.0042%   0.0029%   0.0041%   0.0028%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%
-   1.625   0.0037%   0.0007%   0.0028%   0.0005%   0.0008%   0.0002%   0.0001%
-   1.625   0.1373%   0.0811%   0.0108%   0.0064%   0.1183%   0.0699%   0.0008%
-   1.625   0.0025%   0.0015%   0.0011%   0.0006%   0.0011%   0.0006%   0.0001%
-   1.625   0.0002%   0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0000%
-   1.625   0.0076%   0.0084%   0.0071%   0.0078%   0.0005%   0.0006%   0.0000%
-   1.625   0.2362%   0.1959%   0.0010%   0.0008%   0.0024%   0.0020%   0.0007%
-   1.625   0.0075%   0.0076%   0.0044%   0.0045%   0.0012%   0.0012%   0.0009%
-   1.625   0.1511%   0.0408%   0.0091%   0.0025%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0014%
-   1.625   0.0168%   0.0032%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0007%
-   1.625   0.0047%   0.0018%   0.0039%   0.0015%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
-   1.625   0.0134%   0.0107%   0.0079%   0.0063%   0.0031%   0.0024%   0.0008%
-   1.625   0.0012%   0.0022%   0.0009%   0.0015%   0.0003%   0.0006%   0.0000%
-   1.625   0.0064%   0.0097%   0.0058%   0.0088%   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0002%
-   1.625   0.0014%   0.0028%   0.0013%   0.0025%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
-   1.741   0.0806%   0.1001%   0.0008%   0.0009%   0.0006%   0.0008%   0.0001%
-   1.741   0.0779%   0.0315%   0.0060%   0.0024%   0.0387%   0.0157%   0.0003%
-   1.741   0.0016%   0.0008%   0.0002%   0.0001%   0.0005%   0.0002%   0.0004%
-   1.741   0.0149%   0.0177%   0.0007%   0.0008%   0.0054%   0.0064%   0.0006%
-   1.741   0.0338%   0.0330%   0.0063%   0.0061%   0.0018%   0.0018%   0.0009%
-   1.741   0.1109%   0.0430%   0.0057%   0.0022%   0.0035%   0.0014%   0.0015%
-   1.741   0.0072%   0.0059%   0.0024%   0.0019%   0.0032%   0.0027%   0.0005%
-   1.741   0.0050%   0.0030%   0.0049%   0.0030%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0001%
-   1.741   0.0066%   0.0012%   0.0045%   0.0009%   0.0006%   0.0001%   0.0005%
-   1.741   0.1312%   0.0886%   0.0098%   0.0066%   0.0047%   0.0032%   0.0393%
-   1.741   0.0056%   0.0033%   0.0014%   0.0008%   0.0011%   0.0007%   0.0023%
-   1.741   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0000%
-   1.741   0.0436%   0.0430%   0.0022%   0.0022%   0.0006%   0.0006%   0.0001%
-   1.741   0.2592%   0.1763%   0.0007%   0.0005%   0.0026%   0.0018%   0.0007%
-   1.741   0.0084%   0.0083%   0.0043%   0.0043%   0.0012%   0.0012%   0.0017%
-   1.741   0.1999%   0.0679%   0.0073%   0.0025%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0013%
-   1.741   0.0170%   0.0029%   0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0007%
-   1.741   0.0054%   0.0023%   0.0051%   0.0022%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0002%
-   1.741   0.0118%   0.0129%   0.0060%   0.0066%   0.0010%   0.0011%   0.0015%
-   1.741   0.0030%   0.0046%   0.0016%   0.0025%   0.0008%   0.0012%   0.0004%
-   1.741   0.0084%   0.0120%   0.0084%   0.0119%   0.0002%   0.0002%   0.0004%
-   1.741   0.0016%   0.0031%   0.0011%   0.0021%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0000%
-   1.866   0.0524%   0.0713%   0.0008%   0.0011%   0.0007%   0.0009%   0.0001%
-   1.866   0.0494%   0.0221%   0.0072%   0.0032%   0.0415%   0.0186%   0.0004%
-   1.866   0.0016%   0.0010%   0.0003%   0.0002%   0.0006%   0.0004%   0.0005%
-   1.866   0.0083%   0.0110%   0.0011%   0.0015%   0.0061%   0.0081%   0.0006%
-   1.866   0.0118%   0.0113%   0.0076%   0.0073%   0.0020%   0.0019%   0.0010%
-   1.866   0.0129%   0.0063%   0.0066%   0.0032%   0.0038%   0.0018%   0.0016%
-   1.866   0.0050%   0.0052%   0.0029%   0.0030%   0.0016%   0.0016%   0.0005%
-   1.866   0.0059%   0.0045%   0.0057%   0.0043%   0.0002%   0.0001%   0.0001%
-   1.866   0.0062%   0.0011%   0.0051%   0.0009%   0.0006%   0.0001%   0.0005%
-   1.866   0.0598%   0.0377%   0.0111%   0.0070%   0.0041%   0.0026%   0.0403%
-   1.866   0.0054%   0.0044%   0.0016%   0.0013%   0.0006%   0.0005%   0.0030%
-   1.866   0.0025%   0.0041%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0002%   0.0003%   0.0000%
-   1.866   0.0034%   0.0042%   0.0027%   0.0032%   0.0006%   0.0008%   0.0001%
-   1.866   0.1519%   0.1108%   0.0007%   0.0005%   0.0026%   0.0019%   0.0008%
-   1.866   0.0085%   0.0111%   0.0047%   0.0062%   0.0013%   0.0017%   0.0018%
-   1.866   0.1216%   0.0330%   0.0085%   0.0023%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0013%
-   1.866   0.0134%   0.0000%   0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0007%
-   1.866   0.0062%   0.0027%   0.0057%   0.0024%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0002%
-   1.866   0.0113%   0.0136%   0.0072%   0.0087%   0.0011%   0.0013%   0.0014%
-   1.866   0.0031%   0.0059%   0.0018%   0.0035%   0.0008%   0.0016%   0.0004%
-   1.866   0.0100%   0.0166%   0.0093%   0.0155%   0.0002%   0.0003%   0.0004%
-   1.866   0.0014%   0.0032%   0.0013%   0.0029%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0000%
-   2.000   0.0347%   0.0677%   0.0006%   0.0013%   0.0005%   0.0009%   0.0001%
-   2.000   0.0395%   0.0253%   0.0046%   0.0029%   0.0345%   0.0221%   0.0005%
-   2.000   0.0011%   0.0010%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0005%   0.0004%   0.0004%
-   2.000   0.0067%   0.0116%   0.0004%   0.0007%   0.0053%   0.0091%   0.0006%
-   2.000   0.0067%   0.0087%   0.0036%   0.0047%   0.0012%   0.0016%   0.0009%
-   2.000   0.0240%   0.0182%   0.0038%   0.0029%   0.0021%   0.0016%   0.0171%
-   2.000   0.0042%   0.0066%   0.0011%   0.0017%   0.0027%   0.0042%   0.0004%
-   2.000   0.0036%   0.0039%   0.0034%   0.0037%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0002%
-   2.000   0.0034%   0.0012%   0.0029%   0.0010%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0005%
-   2.000   0.0301%   0.0206%   0.0044%   0.0030%   0.0034%   0.0023%   0.0219%
-   2.000   0.0027%   0.0033%   0.0008%   0.0010%   0.0009%   0.0011%   0.0008%
-   2.000   0.0027%   0.0043%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0002%   0.0002%   0.0000%
-   2.000   0.0040%   0.0056%   0.0015%   0.0021%   0.0005%   0.0007%   0.0020%
-   2.000   0.0055%   0.0067%   0.0003%   0.0004%   0.0022%   0.0026%   0.0006%
-   2.000   0.0053%   0.0077%   0.0024%   0.0036%   0.0011%   0.0017%   0.0014%
-   2.000   0.1047%   0.0659%   0.0027%   0.0017%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0012%
-   2.000   0.0089%   0.0019%   0.0003%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0006%
-   2.000   0.0018%   0.0010%   0.0014%   0.0008%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0002%
-   2.000   0.0105%   0.0188%   0.0033%   0.0059%   0.0006%   0.0011%   0.0056%
-   2.000   0.0022%   0.0038%   0.0011%   0.0018%   0.0007%   0.0012%   0.0004%
-   2.000   0.0074%   0.0133%   0.0068%   0.0122%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0005%
-   2.000   0.0011%   0.0027%   0.0010%   0.0025%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
-   2.144   0.0094%   0.0220%   0.0006%   0.0015%   0.0005%   0.0011%   0.0001%
-   2.144   0.0360%   0.0168%   0.0034%   0.0016%   0.0320%   0.0149%   0.0004%
-   2.144   0.0011%   0.0011%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0004%   0.0004%   0.0004%
-   2.144   0.0083%   0.0133%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0050%   0.0080%   0.0006%
-   2.144   0.0059%   0.0086%   0.0028%   0.0041%   0.0011%   0.0016%   0.0010%
-   2.144   0.0284%   0.0218%   0.0018%   0.0014%   0.0018%   0.0014%   0.0240%
-   2.144   0.0063%   0.0110%   0.0009%   0.0017%   0.0025%   0.0045%   0.0023%
-   2.144   0.0028%   0.0032%   0.0026%   0.0030%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0002%
-   2.144   0.0033%   0.0010%   0.0028%   0.0009%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0005%
-   2.144   0.0671%   0.0505%   0.0036%   0.0027%   0.0027%   0.0020%   0.0608%
-   2.144   0.0026%   0.0036%   0.0008%   0.0012%   0.0009%   0.0012%   0.0008%
-   2.144   0.0010%   0.0016%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0002%   0.0003%   0.0000%
-   2.144   0.0017%   0.0027%   0.0002%   0.0003%   0.0005%   0.0008%   0.0010%
-   2.144   0.0041%   0.0046%   0.0003%   0.0003%   0.0021%   0.0024%   0.0005%
-   2.144   0.0050%   0.0074%   0.0021%   0.0032%   0.0012%   0.0018%   0.0014%
-   2.144   0.0395%   0.0216%   0.0018%   0.0010%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0015%
-   2.144   0.0013%   0.0003%   0.0002%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0007%
-   2.144   0.0022%   0.0016%   0.0004%   0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0002%
-   2.144   0.0228%   0.0380%   0.0025%   0.0041%   0.0005%   0.0008%   0.0191%
-   2.144   0.0022%   0.0173%   0.0010%   0.0082%   0.0007%   0.0054%   0.0005%
-   2.144   0.0064%   0.0135%   0.0060%   0.0125%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0005%
-   2.144   0.0010%   0.0026%   0.0007%   0.0020%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0002%
-   2.297   0.0030%   0.0073%   0.0006%   0.0014%   0.0005%   0.0012%   0.0003%
-   2.297   0.0372%   0.0177%   0.0028%   0.0014%   0.0335%   0.0159%   0.0007%
-   2.297   0.0012%   0.0012%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0003%   0.0003%   0.0008%
-   2.297   0.0081%   0.0140%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0048%   0.0083%   0.0007%
-   2.297   0.0080%   0.0113%   0.0030%   0.0042%   0.0012%   0.0017%   0.0030%
-   2.297   0.0061%   0.0045%   0.0013%   0.0010%   0.0020%   0.0015%   0.0020%
-   2.297   0.0076%   0.0133%   0.0008%   0.0014%   0.0027%   0.0048%   0.0031%
-   2.297   0.0028%   0.0032%   0.0025%   0.0028%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0003%
-   2.297   0.0032%   0.0011%   0.0025%   0.0009%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0007%
-   2.297   0.0648%   0.0493%   0.0031%   0.0023%   0.0025%   0.0019%   0.0592%
-   2.297   0.0038%   0.0052%   0.0008%   0.0011%   0.0009%   0.0013%   0.0020%
-   2.297   0.0002%   0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0002%   0.0003%   0.0000%
-   2.297   0.0010%   0.0015%   0.0003%   0.0005%   0.0006%   0.0009%   0.0001%
-   2.297   0.0034%   0.0047%   0.0003%   0.0004%   0.0021%   0.0029%   0.0003%
-   2.297   0.0058%   0.0091%   0.0020%   0.0031%   0.0011%   0.0018%   0.0026%
-   2.297   0.0055%   0.0031%   0.0016%   0.0009%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0013%
-   2.297   0.0013%   0.0004%   0.0002%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0008%
-   2.297   0.0062%   0.0046%   0.0004%   0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0002%
-   2.297   0.0245%   0.0439%   0.0030%   0.0053%   0.0005%   0.0008%   0.0203%
-   2.297   0.0022%   0.0161%   0.0010%   0.0069%   0.0007%   0.0053%   0.0005%
-   2.297   0.0048%   0.0097%   0.0045%   0.0090%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0003%
-   2.297   0.0008%   0.0022%   0.0006%   0.0017%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%
-   2.462   0.0036%   0.0099%   0.0005%   0.0014%   0.0005%   0.0014%   0.0009%
-   2.462   0.0396%   0.0189%   0.0029%   0.0014%   0.0359%   0.0171%   0.0006%
-   2.462   0.0093%   0.0092%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0082%   0.0081%   0.0011%
-   2.462   0.0042%   0.0080%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0010%   0.0019%   0.0011%
-   2.462   0.0101%   0.0145%   0.0032%   0.0046%   0.0038%   0.0055%   0.0022%
-   2.462   0.0111%   0.0083%   0.0009%   0.0007%   0.0077%   0.0058%   0.0018%
-   2.462   0.0145%   0.0270%   0.0008%   0.0015%   0.0094%   0.0176%   0.0032%
-   2.462   0.0052%   0.0080%   0.0022%   0.0034%   0.0024%   0.0037%   0.0005%
-   2.462   0.0081%   0.0033%   0.0015%   0.0006%   0.0056%   0.0023%   0.0009%
-   2.462   0.0603%   0.0455%   0.0030%   0.0023%   0.0065%   0.0049%   0.0508%
-   2.462   0.0113%   0.0133%   0.0006%   0.0007%   0.0105%   0.0124%   0.0001%
-   2.462   0.0002%   0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0002%   0.0003%   0.0000%
-   2.462   0.0026%   0.0041%   0.0004%   0.0006%   0.0012%   0.0019%   0.0010%
-   2.462   0.0059%   0.0071%   0.0003%   0.0003%   0.0024%   0.0028%   0.0009%
-   2.462   0.0089%   0.0154%   0.0018%   0.0032%   0.0032%   0.0055%   0.0039%
-   2.462   0.0176%   0.0098%   0.0015%   0.0008%   0.0038%   0.0021%   0.0005%
-   2.462   0.0011%   0.0004%   0.0002%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0005%
-   2.462   0.0117%   0.0089%   0.0004%   0.0003%   0.0094%   0.0071%   0.0001%
-   2.462   0.0229%   0.0399%   0.0031%   0.0054%   0.0015%   0.0027%   0.0177%
-   2.462   0.0024%   0.0166%   0.0011%   0.0074%   0.0008%   0.0053%   0.0006%
-   2.462   0.0046%   0.0109%   0.0044%   0.0104%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0002%
-   2.462   0.0008%   0.0023%   0.0005%   0.0016%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%
-   2.639   0.0046%   0.0140%   0.0006%   0.0019%   0.0005%   0.0017%   0.0011%
-   2.639   0.0361%   0.0231%   0.0026%   0.0016%   0.0330%   0.0212%   0.0004%
-   2.639   0.0259%   0.0269%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0249%   0.0259%   0.0009%
-   2.639   0.0030%   0.0076%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0006%   0.0010%
-   2.639   0.0103%   0.0114%   0.0030%   0.0034%   0.0040%   0.0044%   0.0026%
-   2.639   0.0328%   0.0281%   0.0010%   0.0008%   0.0294%   0.0252%   0.0015%
-   2.639   0.0249%   0.0488%   0.0007%   0.0013%   0.0204%   0.0400%   0.0029%
-   2.639   0.0106%   0.0149%   0.0016%   0.0023%   0.0084%   0.0119%   0.0005%
-   2.639   0.0215%   0.0098%   0.0013%   0.0006%   0.0194%   0.0088%   0.0009%
-   2.639   0.0427%   0.0447%   0.0028%   0.0029%   0.0222%   0.0233%   0.0177%
-   2.639   0.0373%   0.0624%   0.0005%   0.0008%   0.0366%   0.0613%   0.0001%
-   2.639   0.0003%   0.0004%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0002%   0.0003%   0.0000%
-   2.639   0.0086%   0.0174%   0.0003%   0.0005%   0.0070%   0.0141%   0.0014%
-   2.639   0.0099%   0.0145%   0.0002%   0.0004%   0.0022%   0.0032%   0.0008%
-   2.639   0.0101%   0.0304%   0.0012%   0.0036%   0.0051%   0.0153%   0.0036%
-   2.639   0.0564%   0.0367%   0.0010%   0.0007%   0.0213%   0.0139%   0.0002%
-   2.639   0.0075%   0.0023%   0.0003%   0.0001%   0.0063%   0.0020%   0.0003%
-   2.639   0.0263%   0.0255%   0.0004%   0.0003%   0.0246%   0.0238%   0.0002%
-   2.639   0.0104%   0.0251%   0.0028%   0.0068%   0.0030%   0.0072%   0.0036%
-   2.639   0.0028%   0.0037%   0.0012%   0.0015%   0.0008%   0.0011%   0.0004%
-   2.639   0.0043%   0.0123%   0.0041%   0.0115%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0002%
-   2.639   0.0008%   0.0025%   0.0005%   0.0018%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%
                                                                                     % of GDP
SSA                   SAS                     EAP                     LAC                           ECA




   Indirect    Direct      Indirect    Direct      Indirect    Direct      Indirect
 cost of UN cost of UN cost of UN cost of UN cost of UN cost of UN cost of UN           UN          UN
 personnel personnel personnel personnel personnel personnel personnel Financial Financial
 contributio contributio contributio contributio contributio contributio contributio contributio contributio
  ns SSA      ns SAS      ns SAS      ns EAP      ns EAP      ns LAC      ns LAC         ns       ns ECA
  0.0029% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0124% 0.0155% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000%
  0.0001% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0010% 0.0004% 0.0001% 0.0001% 0.0000%
  0.0083% 0.0001% 0.0000% 0.0001% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000%
  0.0013% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0031% 0.0044% 0.0001% 0.0001% 0.0000%
  0.0000% 0.0004% 0.0004% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000%
  0.0000% 0.0006% 0.0003% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000%
  0.0040% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0095% 0.0094% 0.0001% 0.0001% 0.0000%
  0.0034% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0008% 0.0007% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000%
  0.0019% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000%
  0.0036% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0051% 0.0024% 0.0004% 0.0002% 0.0000%
  0.0112% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0003% 0.0002% 0.0001% 0.0001% 0.0000%
  0.0001% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0006% 0.0012% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000%
  0.0010% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0225% 0.0251% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000%
  0.0066% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0125% 0.0109% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000%
  0.0106% 0.0006% 0.0008% 0.0008% 0.0010% 0.0001% 0.0001% 0.0000%
  0.0050% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000%
  0.0007% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000%
  0.0001% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0023% 0.0008% 0.0000%
  0.0041% 0.0004% 0.0003% 0.0009% 0.0009% 0.0002% 0.0002% 0.0000%
  0.0041% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000%
  0.0001% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0009% 0.0013% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000%
  0.0033% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0001% 0.0001% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000%
  0.0096% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000%
  0.0009% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0001% 0.0000% 0.0000%
  0.0040% 0.0001% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000% 0.0000%
0.0050%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0002%   0.0004%   0.0004%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0001%   0.0006%   0.0004%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0052%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0004%   0.0002%   0.0000%
0.0032%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0007%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0050%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0004%   0.0003%   0.0000%
0.0013%   0.0004%   0.0004%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0082%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0017%   0.0005%   0.0000%
0.0018%   0.0004%   0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%
0.0026%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0041%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0061%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0005%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0008%   0.0003%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0028%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0109%   0.0141%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0004%   0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0005%   0.0004%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0006%   0.0006%   0.0000%
0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0015%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0005%   0.0003%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0008%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0040%   0.0049%   0.0000%
0.0016%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0004%   0.0002%   0.0000%
0.0006%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0040%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0002%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%
0.0007%   0.0004%   0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0034%   0.0062%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0126%   0.0144%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0004%   0.0004%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0005%   0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0007%   0.0007%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0008%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0012%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0019%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0006%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0124%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0015%   0.0003%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0015%   0.0004%   0.0004%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0004%   0.0007%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0155%   0.0182%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0005%   0.0004%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0005%   0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0005%   0.0005%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0008%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0007%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0013%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0004%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%
0.0137%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0002%   0.0003%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0007%   0.0002%   0.0000%
0.0014%   0.0005%   0.0004%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0114%   0.0056%
0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0128%   0.0062%
0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0126%   0.0061%
0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0003%   0.0003%   0.0135%   0.0065%
0.0000%   0.0005%   0.0005%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0115%   0.0056%
0.0000%   0.0005%   0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0121%   0.0059%
0.0011%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0003%   0.0003%   0.0142%   0.0069%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0130%   0.0063%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0078%   0.0038%
0.0009%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0075%   0.0036%
0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0130%   0.0063%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0133%   0.0065%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0119%   0.0058%
0.0009%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0118%   0.0058%
0.0005%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0118%   0.0058%
0.0073%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0089%   0.0044%
0.0001%   0.0003%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0041%   0.0020%
0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0126%   0.0062%
0.0036%   0.0005%   0.0005%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0133%   0.0065%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0114%   0.0055%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0099%   0.0049%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0004%   0.0006%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0111%   0.0053%
0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0005%   0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0137%   0.0065%
0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0134%   0.0063%
0.0015%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0006%   0.0007%   0.0129%   0.0061%
0.0001%   0.0006%   0.0006%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0121%   0.0057%
0.0000%   0.0006%   0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0128%   0.0061%
0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0004%   0.0004%   0.0151%   0.0071%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0142%   0.0067%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0087%   0.0041%
0.0008%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0002%   0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0072%   0.0034%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0140%   0.0066%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0135%   0.0064%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0125%   0.0059%
0.0004%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0014%   0.0012%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0120%   0.0057%
0.0005%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0121%   0.0057%
0.0004%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0110%   0.0052%
0.0001%   0.0003%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0009%   0.0005%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0002%   0.0001%   0.0131%   0.0062%
0.0001%   0.0008%   0.0006%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0136%   0.0064%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0116%   0.0055%
0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0100%   0.0047%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0749%   0.1001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0198%   0.0058%
0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0009%   0.0004%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0258%   0.0075%
0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0250%   0.0073%
0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0005%   0.0006%   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0200%   0.0058%
0.0003%   0.0006%   0.0006%   0.0005%   0.0005%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0223%   0.0065%
0.0002%   0.0008%   0.0004%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0232%   0.0068%
0.0004%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0296%   0.0086%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0273%   0.0080%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0162%   0.0047%
0.0005%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0073%   0.0043%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0122%   0.0036%
0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0262%   0.0077%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0223%   0.0065%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0229%   0.0067%
0.0006%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.2321%   0.1926%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0225%   0.0066%
0.0010%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0008%   0.0008%   0.0002%   0.0002%   0.0195%   0.0057%
0.0004%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.1403%   0.0379%   0.0002%   0.0001%   0.0210%   0.0061%
0.0001%   0.0003%   0.0001%   0.0157%   0.0030%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0053%   0.0015%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0003%   0.0001%   0.0005%   0.0002%   0.0239%   0.0070%
0.0007%   0.0006%   0.0005%   0.0009%   0.0007%   0.0002%   0.0001%   0.0244%   0.0071%
0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0004%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0002%   0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0210%   0.0061%
0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0160%   0.0048%
0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0515%   0.0640%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0323%   0.0097%
0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0370%   0.0110%
0.0002%   0.0002%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0362%   0.0108%
0.0007%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0005%   0.0006%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0272%   0.0081%
0.0009%   0.0007%   0.0007%   0.0005%   0.0005%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0340%   0.0102%
0.0006%   0.0008%   0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0319%   0.0095%
0.0004%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0433%   0.0129%
0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0390%   0.0116%
0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0332%   0.0101%
0.0265%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0044%   0.0030%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0207%   0.0062%
0.0013%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0344%   0.0102%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0030%   0.0046%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0348%   0.0103%
0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0336%   0.0100%
0.0005%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.1630%   0.1108%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0350%   0.0105%
0.0017%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0006%   0.0006%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0070%   0.0021%
0.0004%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.1140%   0.0387%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0309%   0.0092%
0.0001%   0.0003%   0.0001%   0.0156%   0.0027%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0127%   0.0042%
0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0002%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0319%   0.0095%
0.0016%   0.0006%   0.0007%   0.0010%   0.0011%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0362%   0.0107%
0.0007%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0005%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0002%   0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0340%   0.0101%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0205%   0.0062%
0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0508%   0.0691%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0256%   0.0039%
0.0002%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0002%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0302%   0.0046%
0.0003%   0.0002%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0295%   0.0045%
0.0008%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0005%   0.0006%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0231%   0.0035%
0.0010%   0.0008%   0.0007%   0.0004%   0.0004%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0277%   0.0042%
0.0008%   0.0009%   0.0004%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0258%   0.0040%
0.0006%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0343%   0.0052%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0319%   0.0049%
0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0262%   0.0040%
0.0254%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0042%   0.0027%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0159%   0.0024%
0.0024%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0278%   0.0043%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0024%   0.0038%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0317%   0.0049%
0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0272%   0.0042%
0.0006%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.1477%   0.1078%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0268%   0.0041%
0.0024%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0006%   0.0008%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0071%   0.0011%
0.0004%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.1116%   0.0303%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0247%   0.0038%
0.0000%   0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0121%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0150%   0.0024%
0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0002%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0251%   0.0038%
0.0017%   0.0007%   0.0008%   0.0008%   0.0009%   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0289%   0.0044%
0.0009%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%
0.0007%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0267%   0.0040%
0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0168%   0.0026%
0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0334%   0.0653%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0224%   0.0042%
0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0269%   0.0050%
0.0003%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0266%   0.0049%
0.0011%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0004%   0.0006%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0218%   0.0041%
0.0011%   0.0007%   0.0009%   0.0003%   0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0251%   0.0047%
0.0130%   0.0010%   0.0007%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0229%   0.0043%
0.0007%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0301%   0.0056%
0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0290%   0.0054%
0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0222%   0.0041%
0.0150%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0005%   0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0140%   0.0026%
0.0010%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0245%   0.0046%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0026%   0.0041%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0321%   0.0060%
0.0027%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0242%   0.0045%
0.0007%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0025%   0.0030%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0225%   0.0042%
0.0021%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0002%   0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0079%   0.0015%
0.0008%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.1008%   0.0635%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0221%   0.0041%
0.0001%   0.0003%   0.0001%   0.0078%   0.0017%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0173%   0.0032%
0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0214%   0.0040%
0.0100%   0.0005%   0.0009%   0.0005%   0.0009%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0243%   0.0045%
0.0008%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0290%   0.0054%
0.0008%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0157%   0.0033%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0113%   0.0024%
0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0082%   0.0193%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0361%   0.0039%
0.0002%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0298%   0.0043%
0.0004%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0342%   0.0042%
0.0010%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0026%   0.0041%   0.0391%   0.0042%
0.0014%   0.0008%   0.0012%   0.0002%   0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0406%   0.0044%
0.0184%   0.0007%   0.0006%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0391%   0.0042%
0.0041%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0004%   0.0007%   0.0388%   0.0051%
0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0381%   0.0038%
0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0254%   0.0029%
0.0458%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0256%   0.0028%
0.0011%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0305%   0.0027%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0008%   0.0014%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0349%   0.0049%
0.0015%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0400%   0.0043%
0.0006%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0012%   0.0013%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0318%   0.0034%
0.0021%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0374%   0.0041%
0.0008%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0358%   0.0196%   0.0004%   0.0002%   0.0165%   0.0025%
0.0002%   0.0003%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0157%   0.0012%
0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0015%   0.0011%   0.0269%   0.0037%
0.0318%   0.0005%   0.0009%   0.0002%   0.0004%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0403%   0.0043%
0.0037%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0330%   0.0048%
0.0010%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0445%   0.0049%
0.0005%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0224%   0.0012%
0.0007%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0016%   0.0040%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0318%   0.0032%
0.0003%   0.0002%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0450%   0.0041%
0.0008%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0429%   0.0034%
0.0012%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0025%   0.0044%   0.0354%   0.0036%
0.0042%   0.0008%   0.0011%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0408%   0.0041%
0.0015%   0.0007%   0.0005%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0389%   0.0040%
0.0054%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0010%   0.0018%   0.0410%   0.0032%
0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0499%   0.0044%
0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0367%   0.0039%
0.0450%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0250%   0.0026%
0.0027%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0416%   0.0050%
0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0609%   0.0056%
0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0379%   0.0039%
0.0004%   0.0003%   0.0004%   0.0005%   0.0007%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0293%   0.0030%
0.0041%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0320%   0.0033%
0.0007%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0024%   0.0013%   0.0002%   0.0001%   0.0477%   0.0039%
0.0002%   0.0003%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0214%   0.0019%
0.0002%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0001%   0.0055%   0.0041%   0.0252%   0.0020%
0.0364%   0.0006%   0.0011%   0.0001%   0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0399%   0.0040%
0.0040%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0376%   0.0046%
0.0007%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0436%   0.0044%
0.0003%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0002%   0.0253%   0.0025%
0.0025%   0.0000%   0.0001%   0.0016%   0.0045%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0325%   0.0019%
0.0003%   0.0002%   0.0001%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0413%   0.0025%
0.0011%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0363%   0.0034%
0.0021%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0020%   0.0039%   0.0372%   0.0021%
0.0031%   0.0008%   0.0012%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0436%   0.0024%
0.0013%   0.0007%   0.0005%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0421%   0.0024%
0.0060%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0011%   0.0020%   0.0339%   0.0021%
0.0008%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0000%   0.0492%   0.0028