Chapter 22 Section 2 Notes
The Second New Deal
• Congress passed laws extending government oversight of the banking industry and raising taxes for the wealthy.
• It funded new relief programs for the still-struggling population
– From now on, people should work for pay.
(The original New Deal gave direct payments to Americans in need without working)
Works Progress Administration
• WPA- largest peacetime jobs program in U.S. history
• employed 8.5 million Americans on all kinds of public-works projects at a cost of about $11 billion.
• WPA workers built roads, subways, airports, even zoos. They worked in offices, schools, museums, and factories
earning a paycheck rather than getting a handout lifted people’s spirits
• provided a pension, or guaranteed, regular payments, for many people 65 and older.
• retired workers no longer needed to fear hunger and homelessness once they became too old to work
• Unemployment-provided payments to workers who lost their jobs, giving them a financial cushion while they looked for
Election of 1936,Alf Landon (R) Vs. F.D.R (D)
• President Roosevelt campaigned on a solid record of legislative achievement and significant improvements in the
– Unemployment had been cut in half
• Landon received 8 electoral votes while Roosevelt received 523
– The Democrats again gained seats in both houses of Congress
– They also won 26 of the 33 races for governor
• The electoral landslide also confirmed a momentous shift in American politics
– African Americans in the North switched from the party of Lincoln (Republican) to the Democratic Party
Court Packing Plan
• Created by Roosevelt, frustrated that the courts had struck down many New Deal programs
• a plan to reorganize the nation’s courts
– give the president power to appoint many new judges and expand the Supreme Court by up to six justices
• effort to “pack” the Supreme Court with friendly justices that would support his programs
• Most people saw it as a a dangerous attempt to upset the constitutional balance of power
– F.D.R supporters were troubled and his party began to desert him
Recovery in Doubt
• fall of 1937, the nation’s economy suffered another setback, a sharp drop in the stock market.
– about 2 million more Americans had lost their jobs
• F.D.R. had hoped to cut back on gov’t spending fearing the growing federal budget deficit-
– gov’t spends more money than it takes in with taxes/income