Ch. 22 New Deal _franklin_

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					Jr. Humanities
Mr. Peterson
                                          The New Deal
                                         Chapter 22: 1, 2, 3



Section 1: Relief & Recovery
1. What life experiences/jobs did FDR have before he was elected President that may have
helped prepare him to be President at this time? Explain.




2. Read the quote at the top of page 732. This is one of the most famous quotes in US
presidential history. Explain why.



3. Read the quote in the middle of page 733. Rather than having a plan, FDR says he’s going
to “experiment” with possible solutions to the ending the depression. Is this an effective or
ineffective approach for a President to take in a time of crisis? Explain.



4. What were the 3 goals that FDR had for the first New Deal? Explain each.
      #1
         #2
         #3

5. List 5 programs that FDR and Congress started. Explain the purpose of each (734-737).
         #1

         #2

         #3

         #4

         #5


6. How did the programs of the first 100 days benefit both the economy and the environment?


7. Study the political cartoon (Galloping Snail) on page 737 and answer the following questions:
       #1. Why did the cartoonist use a snail to represent Congress?


         #2. What is the cartoonist saying about the relationship between the President and
         Congress?

8. What were the 2 major criticisms of FDR’s New Deal economic policies?
      #1


         #2
Jr. Humanities
Mr. Peterson
                                         The New Deal
                                        Chapter 22: 1, 2, 3



9. Do you agree with these criticisms? Explain.




Section 2: The Second New Deal
1. What problems did the Second New Deal address?


2. What was the WPA? What projects did this agency complete?



3. On a percentage basis, how much did the federal deficit increase between 1932 and 1936?


4. What is deficit spending?


5. What arguments did John Maynard Keynes make in support of deficit spending?


6. Do you agree with Mr. Keynes? Explain.


7. How did the Social Security Act change the lives of Americans during the Great Depression?


8. Describe four different kinds of benefits that the Social Security system provides today?
       #1


         #2


         #3


         #4


9. What was the Wagner Act? Why was this act significant?

10. What was the Fair Labor Standards Act? What was significant about this act?


11. Who did FDR consider the main enemy to his New Deal Programs? Why?


12. Would it have been good for the country if FDR had been successful with his “court packing”
plan? Explain.
Jr. Humanities
Mr. Peterson
                                         The New Deal
                                       Chapter 22: 1, 2, 3



Section 3: Effects of the New Deal
1. What impact did the New Deal have on women?



2. How did the New Deal affect African Americans?




3. What impact did the New Deal have Native Americans?



4. Look at the map on pages 754-755. Other than providing jobs unemployed workers, how did
the PWA and WPA programs help local economies?



5. Consider FDR’s quote on the top of page 755. Do you agree with it? Explain.



6. What is a “welfare state”?



7. Why was this a radical change for the US?



8. Should the US cut back or expand on its “welfare state” programs? Explain.




9. In what ways did the role of the federal government grow during FDR’s presidency?


10. Was FDR’s overall impact on the USA positive or negative? Explain.




11. After FDR’s death, what law was passed to limit presidential po


12. Do you think passing this law was a good idea? Explain.

				
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