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					How (and How Not) to Survey
  a Systematic Invertebrate
 Paleontology Collection for
        Locality Data




                                                 Paul Mayer
             Invertebrate Paleontology Collections Manager
                            Field Museum of Natural History
The Problem
The Problem
        Methods




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                       10%
                             15%
                                   20%
                                         25%
                                               30%
                                                     35%
                                                                40%




             0%
                  5%
      NY
       IA
      Ont
       MI
      MO
Germany
     Foto
        IL
       OH
       MD
       IN
       WI
       PA
       TN
  France
     NWT
      KY
       OK
 Belgium
   Czech
  Alberta
   Russia
      NM
       UT
       MT
      Spn
  Poland
 England
    Brazil
       MA
       VA
  Bolivia
      Qeb
     NBR
       ID
      WV
                                                           Results




       ND
       NV
  Austria
     Man
       NJ
      MN
       BC
 Sweden
        10%
        12%
        14%
        16%
        18%
        20%
        22%
        24%
        26%
        28%
        30%
        32%
        34%
        36%
        38%
        40%
        42%
        44%
        46%




         0%
         2%
         4%
         6%
         8%
  NY
ONT
 CZE
GER
  MO
  FO
  OH
   IL
  MI
   IN
MRC
   IA
  WI
  TN
  OK
  PA
BOL
  MD
  KY
 PER
  MA
 FRA
NWT
ENG
 ALB
  AR
 BRZ
 ISR
  NJ
  MD
  WY
  MT
  NM
  UT
                                    Brachiopods VS Trilobites




 Qeb
  Pol
 Spn
Belg
 Rus
Man
  ND
                                                                Results




Swe
  WV
  VA
                       Trilobites




   ID
  BC
         Brachiopods




NBR
AUT
  MN
  NV
                                                                100%




             20%
                   40%
                         60%
                               80%




        0%
MRC
  AR
 ISR
  WY
 CZE
BOL
  NJ
  MA
ENG
ONT
 BRZ
  OK
GER
  NY
  OH
  FO
  MO
   IL
   IN
  TN
  KY
  WI
  MI
 ALB
  PA
  PE
NWT
 FRA
  MD
   IA
  MD
  MT
  NM
  UT
 Qeb
                                     Trilobites




  Pol
 Spn
                                                  Brachiopods




Belg
 Rus
Man
  ND
Swe
  WV
  VA
   ID
  BC
NBR
Aust
  MN
  NV
40%                           Results
35%


30%


25%


20%


15%


10%


5%


0%
      0   500   1000   1500       2000   2500
       Field Museum of Natural History
      Department of Geology Collections


                              Physical
   Vertebrate
                              Geology
  Paleontology
                                10%
      16%




Paleobotany
    13%




                                     Invertebrate
                                     Paleontology
                                         61%
Dangers
B-
2.7
 D
1.0
Walker
Collection
725,000
specimens


1964
Collection Survey and Map
• I Started January, 2008
• Third week asked for statistics
  on size and volume of
  collection.
• My main goal is to learn what is
  in the collections.
Field Museum Geology Department
         Collection Size

             Lots     Specimens
 2006         322,707     IP
 1996         320,923     IP
 1992          319,267          IP
 1991          398,027      IP and PP
 1989          397,257      IP and PP
 1976 All of   Geology        1,681,700
        Walker Collection    additional
 1964
             added              725,000
 1946 All of Geology           407,430
                2000 Paleontological
                  Society Survey
    Systematic      Stratigraphic        Types           Totals
Lots    Specimens Lots    Specimens Lots Specimens Lots     Specimen
272,538 1,702,000 47,717    298,000         18,500 320,000 2,000,000


       White, R. D. and W. D. Allmon. 2000. Guidelines for the Management
       and Curation of Invertebrate Fossil Collection. The Paleontological
       Society Special Publication v. 10, p. 3, table 2.
        2001 - 2002
Collection Manager Survey
                                       Lots      Specimens
Cataloged                                 29,536    100,642
Uncataloged                              24,199     226,023
Totals                                   53,735     326,665
Estimates                               195,595   1,189,060

                 150 cabinets sampled

8 people, April 2001 to October 2002
 What is in the collection?

• Quick survey of collection
  – Several hours
  – Cabinet by cabinet
                               Volume in
   Collection   #of cabinets   cubic feet
Types                29             548.15
Precambrian         0.5                9.45
Cambrian            10.5            198.47
Ordovician           60           1,134.11
Silurian             70           1,323.13
Devonian            125           2,362.72
Mississippian        78           1,474.34
Mazon Creek          52             982.89
Pennsylvanian        19             359.13
Carboniferous         2               37.80
Permian               3               56.71
Triassic              2               37.80
Jurassic             16             302.43
Cretaceous           38             718.27
Mesozoic              1               18.90
Tertiary             40             756.07
Total               546          10,320.38
A more complete survey
• 546 cabinets
  – Drawer by drawer (over 13,000 drawers)
• Four to five months
• Opportunity to see collections
    • Curation level
    • Size
    • Maps
Cabinet            1516 TYPES SPIRIFER M-Z, AND MISC

#    2X2.5 2.5X4 4x5 5X8 8X10 10X16 16X20 TOTALS Level % Filled Notes
1                                                            0.0% EMPTY
2       27     7     5   1                      40    3.0   89.8% BRACHIOPODA: SPIRIFER M-P
3                                                            0.0% EMPTY
4       42    11     2                          55    3.0   93.8% BRACHIOPODA: SPIRIFER R-Z
5        0     0     3                           3    3.0   15.6% BRACHIOPODA: SPIRIFER STRIATUS ENGLAND
6       31     4     2                          37    3.0   61.2% BRACHIOPODA: SPIRIFERINA-SPIRIFERELLA
7                                                            0.0% EMPTY
8       23     4     4                          31    3.0   61.2% BRACHIOPODA: STROPHE SU
9                                                            0.0% EMPTY
10      12     6     1                          19    3.0   36.5% BRACHIOPODA: SP-STROPHA
11      23     7     2                          32    3.0   58.6% BRACHIOPODA: STROPHOMENA A-I
12      27    12     1                          40    3.0   71.6% BRACHIOPODA: STROPHOMENA M-W + SP
13      14     6     5                          25    3.0   59.9% BRACHIOPODA: SV-SZ
14      28     6     2                          36    3.0   62.5% BRACHIOPODA: T
15      40     6     1                          47    3.0   72.9% BRACHIOPODA: U - Z
16                                                                  BRACHIOPODA: SILURIAN CHICAGO AREA NIAGRA
         0     0     0   0   0     0      1      1    3.0   83.3%
17                                                                  GROUP STRICKLANDIA PYRIFORMIS

18                                                           0.0% EMPTY
19      22     7     4   2                      35    2.7   88.5% BRACHIOPODA: POSSIBLE TYPES
20                                                           0.0% EMPTY
21      16     7     6   3                      32    3.0 101.6% BRACHIOPODA: CASTS
22                                                           0.0% EMPTY
23      17    12     4   3                      36    3.0 105.5% BRACHIOPODA: CASTS
24                                                           0.0% EMPTY
25      40     9     1   1                      51    3.0   91.1% BRACHIOPODA: CASTS

      335     97    38   9   0     0      1    480   2.98   42.6% TOTALS
Grade        Description
 0.0    No Data

 1.0     Stratigraphic and
        .Locality Data
 2.0     Sorted by Phylum

 3.0    Cataloged and Identified

 4.0    Digitized and on WWW
  How to display data?
• Lots of data collected (546 pages)
• Maps
  –   Displays lots of information
  –   Allows for quick comparisons
  –   Easy to see patterns
  –   Record of the collection
               Summary
• Benefits of a drawer by drawer survey
  –   Understand collection
  –   See problems and their extent
  –   Snapshot of collection
  –   Easy to generate maps.

• Future work: expand accessibility of
  collection
  – Cataloging
  – Digitizing
  – Photographing

				
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