Class05_Id_Selecting by gegeshandong

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									Identifying & Selecting
Systems Development
Projects

           Class 5
                               SDLC
Project Identification
    & Selection *

        Project Initiation
            & Planning

                         Analysis

                               Logical Design


                                      Physical Design


                                                Implementation

                                                         Maintenance
The process of Identifying &
Selecting IS development Projects
   Identify potential development projects
   Classify and rank projects
   Select projects for development
 Types of IS Projects


 Replace or extend        Move system to
 an existing system       a new platform
                          or operating system




Create a new                 Make an old
system to provide            system more
better customer service      efficient
 Sources of          Project ID         Project Initiation
 Potential            & Selection       & Planning
 Projects



Top Down
Top Mgt
Steering Committee                         Schedule of Projects
                        Evaluate,
                      Prioritize, and        1. ………….
                        Schedule             2. …………
Bottom Up                Projects            3. …………
User Depts                                   4. …………
Development Group
Identifying & Selecting IS
Projects Characteristics

Selection Method     Characteristics


Top management

Steering Committee

User Department

Development Group
TD vs BU Planning Approaches
   Perspective
   Understanding
   Management Support
Classifying and Ranking
Projects

   Potential Benefits
   Corporate/Competitive Strategy (Strategic
    Alignment)
   Resource Availability
   Project Size/Duration
   Technical Difficulty/Risks
   Perceived and real needs of the org
   Potential and ongoing projects
    Factors affecting choice of
    Project

Perceived and        Existing
 Real Needs         Available
                    Resources

List of Potential                 Decision Outcome
 And Ongoing
    Projects          Project
                                    Accept Project
                     Selection       Reject Project
   Current           Decision        Delay Project
Organizational                      Refocus Project
Environment                      End-User Development

                    Evaluation
                     Criteria
 Project Selection for EPE


      Needs             Resources
    EPE needs         7 programmer/
   Info Systems          analysts

                                      - Accept
                                      - Reject
                          Project     - Delay
     List of             Selection    - Refocus
 Possible Projects       Decision     - End-User
                                      Development

 Org Environments         Your
Help EPE generate $     Evaluation
 & Minimize Costs        Criteria
Possible EPE Projects

   Graceland Tour Scheduling
   Memorabilia (inventory, ordering, selling)
   Elvis Fan Club Membership
   GIS for Amusement Park Planning
   Litigation Tracking
   Restaurant Systems (food, supplies, payroll)
   Night Club/Casino Entertainment Scheduling
   ____________________________________
As a member of the EPE Steering
Committee, your job is to
   Select one factor to rate each project (From
    list under “classifying and ranking…”)
   Evaluate each potential project against your
    chosen criteria (I.e., does the project provide
    strategic alignment, reduce costs, …)
   Determine the outcome of each project
    (“accept”, “reject”, …)
   Prioritize the “acceptable” projects.
    (Remember that you are only giving approval
    for the next step in the SDLC).
   List any assumptions that you make.
Student Experiences
   Who?
   How?
   What?
Question

   Why might an organization not conduct
    adequate IS planning in making project
    decisions (or not conduct any planning
    at all)?
Question

   How formal should project identification
    and selection be? What are the
    tradeoffs between formal vs informal
    processes? Why might a company
    favor one over the other?

								
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