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Identifying & Selecting Systems Development Projects Class 5 SDLC Project Identification & Selection * Project Initiation & Planning Analysis Logical Design Physical Design Implementation Maintenance The process of Identifying & Selecting IS development Projects Identify potential development projects Classify and rank projects Select projects for development Types of IS Projects Replace or extend Move system to an existing system a new platform or operating system Create a new Make an old system to provide system more better customer service efficient Sources of Project ID Project Initiation Potential & Selection & Planning Projects Top Down Top Mgt Steering Committee Schedule of Projects Evaluate, Prioritize, and 1. …………. Schedule 2. ………… Bottom Up Projects 3. ………… User Depts 4. ………… Development Group Identifying & Selecting IS Projects Characteristics Selection Method Characteristics Top management Steering Committee User Department Development Group TD vs BU Planning Approaches Perspective Understanding Management Support Classifying and Ranking Projects Potential Benefits Corporate/Competitive Strategy (Strategic Alignment) Resource Availability Project Size/Duration Technical Difficulty/Risks Perceived and real needs of the org Potential and ongoing projects Factors affecting choice of Project Perceived and Existing Real Needs Available Resources List of Potential Decision Outcome And Ongoing Projects Project Accept Project Selection Reject Project Current Decision Delay Project Organizational Refocus Project Environment End-User Development Evaluation Criteria Project Selection for EPE Needs Resources EPE needs 7 programmer/ Info Systems analysts - Accept - Reject Project - Delay List of Selection - Refocus Possible Projects Decision - End-User Development Org Environments Your Help EPE generate $ Evaluation & Minimize Costs Criteria Possible EPE Projects Graceland Tour Scheduling Memorabilia (inventory, ordering, selling) Elvis Fan Club Membership GIS for Amusement Park Planning Litigation Tracking Restaurant Systems (food, supplies, payroll) Night Club/Casino Entertainment Scheduling ____________________________________ As a member of the EPE Steering Committee, your job is to Select one factor to rate each project (From list under “classifying and ranking…”) Evaluate each potential project against your chosen criteria (I.e., does the project provide strategic alignment, reduce costs, …) Determine the outcome of each project (“accept”, “reject”, …) Prioritize the “acceptable” projects. (Remember that you are only giving approval for the next step in the SDLC). List any assumptions that you make. Student Experiences Who? How? What? Question Why might an organization not conduct adequate IS planning in making project decisions (or not conduct any planning at all)? Question How formal should project identification and selection be? What are the tradeoffs between formal vs informal processes? Why might a company favor one over the other?
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