Plasmodium vivax by fjzhangxiaoquan

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									Plasmodium vivax
A Cause of Tertian Malaria

         A Research Project
                by,
         Courtney Maloney
               Contents
 Background   Information of General
  Protozoan
 Abstract
 Picture of Malaria Protozoan
 Research on Plasmodium vivax
 References
Background Information of General
            Protozoa
                         Protozoa are single-
                    celled, eukaryotic organisms
                    that depending on their kind
                    may form colonies. Protozoa
                    are free-living and mostly
                    heterotrophic ingesting
                    bacteria, waste products of
                    other organisms, algae, or
                    other protozoa, however, few
                    protozoa are autotrophic.
                    They can reproduce
                    asexually and usually
                    reproduce by binary fission.

                 Captions: (top left) An amoeba engulfing a
                    paramecium. (bottom left) A Ciliated
                    Protozoan.
                    Abstract
      I did my research project on the organism Plasmodium
vivax. It is a parasite that causes malaria in humans and other
animals. The malaria that Plasmodium vivax causes is tertian
malaria. Plasmodium vivax is from the kingdom Protista and the
subkingdom Protozoa. The phylum that Plasmodium vivax
comes from is Sporozoa. In general all four plasmodium
organisms cause malaria. Each kind causes a different type of
malaria depending upon its degree of virulence. The one type of
malaria, P. falciparum, is normally the one that has the most
fatalities. They are all spread by the bite of a female mosquito
from a certain genus.
Picture of Malaria Protozoan
 Research on Plasmodium vivax
      Plasmodium vivax is the
cause of malaria in humans
and other animals. It exists in
temperate climates as well as
tropical making it the most
widely distributed parasite.
Plasmodium vivax is seldom
fatal and is less infectious than
some of the other forms of
malaria caused by
plasmodium. Plasmodium
vivax is found in red blood
cells in human hosts where          Plasmodium vivax
they reproduce asexually to
infect more red blood cells.
Research
continued
                                Plasmodium vivax is
                           transmitted by the bite of a
                           female mosquito from the
                           genus Anopheles. It can only
                           infect people who already have
                           the malaria parasite.
                           Symptoms range of
                           Plasmodium vivax range from
                           fever to anemia to fatigue and
                           abdominal pain. There really is
                           no for sure way to prevent
                           malaria. However there are a
                           few ways to decrease the
                           chances of getting malaria.
                           Mosquito control and repellant
  Mosquito sucking blood   are the most common ways.
                           There is also chloroquine, a
                           anti-malaria drug.
                References
   http://www.sirinet.net/%7Ejgjohnso/protista.html
   http://www-
    biol.paisley.ac.uk/courses/Tatner/biomedia/units/prot1.htm
   http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761577818/Protozoa.html
   http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761566151/Malaria.html
   http://medinfo.ufl.edu/year2/mmid/bms5300/bugs/plasviva.html


Pictures
   http://trem.upper-
    arlington.k12.oh.us/infobank/askrob/robimages3.html
   http://encarta.msn.com/encnet/refpages/searchdetail.aspx?q=prot
    ozoan&pg=1&grp=med

								
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