How I received this awful sickness
I had traveled down to Central and South America
with a group of friends. It was all fun and games, but
sometime between all of that I was bitten by Anopheles
Mosquito, which I had no idea when it occurred. I notice I
had a red bump that itched and assumed I was bitten by a
mosquito, but it wasn’t a big deal. That happens all the time.
Little did I know this little bug could ruin my whole trip.
I first started noticing something was wrong
with me when I got the chills, fever, weakness,
vomiting, and diarrhea. I would randomly get
extremely hot, then I’d be extremely cold . I was no
longer having any fun on this trip and felt bad for my
friends having to worry about me. I finally realize this
sickness wasn’t going to go away on its own, so I
found a doctor nearby.
I told the doctor my symptoms he thought it could be the
flu, but he told me he was going to check for malaria. I had
no idea what that was and I knew I couldn’t possibly have
that. He came back in with some kind of tool that pricked
my finger and smeared my blood, two thick and thin streaks
on a giemsa stain glass. When he came back he informed
me I had Plasmodium Vivax. He showed me the stained
glass where my chromatin in my RBC’s are large and my
cytoplasm can become ameboid.
P. Vivax is normally treated with Chloroquine and Primaquine. They act
against the liver reducing the chance of relapse. You take the appropriate
amount of pills, by mouth, that your doctor prescribed. Unfortunately the
parasite is becoming resistant to the treatment. Scientist are working on
other treatments and possible vaccines to use against the parasite.
About ½ diameter of red cell; chromatin dot heave; vacuoles prominent
Pseudopodia common; one or more food vacuoles
Large mass of chromatin; fine brown hemozoin; almost fills red cell
Short, delicate rods, irregularly scattered; yellowish brown
Appearance of erythrocyte:
Larger than normal often oddly shaped; Schuffner’s dots at all stages but young rings; multiple infection
12-24 merozoits; hemozoin in one or two clumps almost fills red cell
Rounded or oval; almost fill red cell; dark hemozoin throughout cytoplasm; chromatin diffuse, in large mass,
pink; small amount of light blue cytoplasm; no vacuoles
Stains darker blue; chromatin more compact, dark red
Prepatent pd., minimum:
Developmental in mosquito:
10 days at 25 degrees Celsius to 30 degrees Celsius
wear bug spray!