Bike_Rack_Report_Fall_2006

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					      Bicycle Parking Analysis:

California State University, Fullerton




               Fall 2006
                       Bicycle Parking Analysis:

              California State University, Fullerton




                                      Fall 2006




Report Author:
       John Carroll
       Department of Geography, CSUF

Research Assistants:
       Students in Introduction to Geographic Information
       GEOG 283 – Fall 2006
Bicycling represents a viable alternative mode of transportation for California State
University, Fullerton students, faculty, and staff and is an important component of a
sustainable campus. This bicycle rack study presents a comprehensive analysis of
bicycle parking patterns and bicyclist’s perceptions and attitudes concerning bicycle
parking on the Main Campus of California State University, Fullerton. The study was
conducted to provide baseline data to the larger discussion of facilitating bicycle use and
campus bicycle safety.


Data for this analysis was collected by the students in the Fall 2006 section of
Introduction to Geographic Information (GEOG 283). Many of the maps were
developed by a student in the Introduction to GIS (GEOG 481) course, who was
simultaneously enrolled in GEOG 283, with campus map data provided by the CSUF
Office of Design and Construction.


This report is divided into three sections. The first section examines the use of bicycle
parking racks installed across campus. CSUF Parking and Transportation Services
identified 29 bicycle rack locations on the CSUF campus. Throughout this report, these
bicycle parking racks are referred to as “official” bicycle parking racks. Bicycles parked
at these official racks were counted once during each class session on Tuesday November
14, 2006 and again on Wednesday, November 15, 2006. Researchers were instructed to
conduct their counts 10 to 15 minutes after the class period start-time in order to
minimize the number of bicycles being moved during the count. These dates are believed
to represent typical, mid-semester bicycle parking patterns.


The second section of the study analyzes bicycles parked in “unofficial” locations.
Unofficial locations include any bicycles parked on campus outside the official racks.
Examples of unofficial locations include bicycles locked to light poles, railings, trees or
other structures. Bicycles parked in unofficial locations were observed and recorded as
part of the two-day count of official locations noted above.



                                              1
The third section reports the results of a survey of bicyclists. Bicyclists were asked a brief
series of questions about their bicycling habits, bicycle parking preferences, and their
assessment of bicycle parking on campus.


The total number of bicycles parked on campus (official and unofficial) varied
throughout the day. It should be noted that because bicycles are parked at residence halls
in addition to locations near classroom buildings, the campus is never entirely devoid of
bicycles. The time period with the lowest number of bicycles parked on campus was
Tuesday before 8:30 a.m. with a total of 107 bicycles counted. The time period with the
highest number of bicycles counted was Tuesday from 1:00 to 2:15 p.m. with a total of
333 bicycles counted (Table 1).


                             Official Bicycle Rack Locations


CSUF Parking and Transportation Services identified 29 official bicycle rack locations
on campus (see Map 1). Racks are located near entrances to all major campus buildings
as well as the Fullerton Arboretum and campus residence halls. Bicycle rack capacities
were also provided by Parking and Transportation Services. However, this analysis
found that stated rack capacities occasionally overestimated the actual number of bicycles
that could be safely and conveniently parked at each location. Several of the racks that
could permit parking on two sides were positioned in such a manner as to prohibit use of
both sides of the rack (see Photo 1 and Photo 2 for examples).


Bicycle parking rates varied throughout the day at the official rack locations. Detailed
counts at each location by class period can be found in Appendix A. The number of
bicycles observed at the official locations ranged from a low of 0 at many locations early
in the morning hours to a high of 36 bicycles parked at the racks in the Quad on the north
side of McCarthy Hall (Location G on Map 1) during the 10:00 a.m. to 11:15 a.m. class
period on Tuesday, November 14, 2006. The highest number of bikes counted on
Wednesday, November 15, 2006 was 34 bicycles parked in one of the bicycle sheds



                                              2
serving the Jewel Plummer Cobb Residence Halls (Location Z on Map 1) during the 9:00
a.m. to 9:50 a.m. class period. Counts for each rack by time of day are available in
Appendix A. Map 2 shows the bicycle parking pattern during the Tuesday peak time
period for the campus. The Wednesday peak exhibited a similar pattern.


The 1:00 p.m. to 2:15 p.m. class period had the highest total number of bicycles counted
in official locations on Tuesday. A total of 293 bicycles were counted in official rack
locations during this time period. On Wednesday, the 10:00 a.m. to 10:50 a.m. class
period had the highest number of bicycles parked in official rack locations. A total of 274
bicycles were counted in official racks during this time period. It should be noted that the
peak time period for bicycles parked in official locations differs slightly from the total
campus peak reported in Table 1 due to bicycles parked in unofficial locations. Table 2
separates the number of official and unofficial bicycles counted during each class period.


Researchers noted the types of locks used at each rack location. The most popular lock
was some sort of cable or chain. Over 75 % of bicycles were locked with a cable or
chain. Nearly 20 % used a U-type lock and several bicycles were not locked at all.


                          Unofficial Bicycle Parking Locations


The unofficial bicycle parking pattern on campus offers a useful gauge of demand for
greater official parking capacity at certain locations. Since there is no way to predict
where bicycles might be unofficially parked, researchers were instructed to look for
bicycles in unofficial locations as they were counting the official locations. Acquiring an
accurate picture of unofficial parking rates is somewhat problematic because an
unofficially parked bicycle could be anywhere on campus and may be not be visible to
researchers. Also, as researchers traversed campus between official locations they may
have taken different routes than other researchers and observed different bicycles or may
have recounted bicycles already counted by other researchers. Every effort was taken to
eliminate double counted bicycles. Obviously, the problem of missed bicycles is




                                              3
impossible to resolve. Despite these potential limitations, several clusters of unofficially
parked bicycles were observed (see Map 3).


The class periods with the highest number of unofficially parked bicycles were 11:30
a.m. to 12:45 p.m. on Tuesday and 2:30 p.m. to 3:45 p.m. on Wednesday. The counts
were 48 bicycles during the Tuesday peak class period and 35 bicycles during the
Wednesday peak class period (Table 2).


More important than the total number of unofficially parked bicycles is the locational
pattern of those bicycles. Six clusters of unofficially parked bicycles are consistent in the
data (see Map 3). The largest and most persistent location for unofficial bicycles was
along the railings outside the east entrance to the Pollack Library (Photo 3). This is
particularly noteworthy because an official rack is also located at this entrance. In fact,
the number of unofficially parked bicycles more than doubled the number of bicycles
parked in the official rack throughout most of the day. This indicates need for
significantly greater capacity at this location.


A second cluster of unofficially parked bicycles was found near the official bicycle sheds
that serve the Jewel Plummer Cobb Residence Halls. Similar to the unofficial parking
near Pollack Library, the bicycles near the residence halls appear to be overflow from the
official parking facilities in the area. Researchers noted the official racks and sheds
serving the residence halls were overcrowded with bicycles. This suggests additional
parking capacity is warranted at these locations, as well.


The railings along the south side of the Kinesiology & Health Sciences building were a
third popular location for unofficial bicycle parking. Quite different from the two
locations noted previously, unofficial parking was often found at times when adjacent
racks were not completely full. Based upon data from the survey of bicyclists described
below, it is believed that bicyclists may choose to lock their bikes to railings instead of
using the racks because of safety and convenience. Slipping a lock through a railing is




                                               4
easier than bending down between other bikes in order to secure a bicycle to a rack.
There is also less chance of soiling ones clothes on other bicycles.


Though not as concentrated or consistent as the unofficial locations described above,
bicycles were also found unofficially parked in three other areas of campus: 1.) various
locations around the Visual Arts buildings; 2.) various locations around the Engineering
and Computer Science buildings; and 3.) the courtyard between University Hall and
Langsdorf Hall near the Student Financial Services window. The unofficial parking in all
three of these areas could be reduced or eliminated with signage indicating the location of
nearby official racks. It should be noted that the only official racks near the Visual Arts
buildings are those located near Becker Amphitheater. These racks are not convenient to
the majority bicyclist who use of the Visual Arts complex.


                                     Bicyclists Survey


A survey of bicyclists was conducted during the official rack count. As researchers
encountered bicyclists parking or removing their bicycles, they attempted to ask a brief
series of questions about their bicycling habits, bicycle parking preferences, and their
assessment of bicycle parking on campus. Also, some researchers surveyed students
and/or faculty that the researcher knew to be a bicycle commuter. Researchers were able
to successfully interview 35 bicyclists. Although the sample size represents
approximately 10 % of the maximum number of bicycles counted on campus, our
findings are not statistically significant. However, the data presented below does offer
the only empirical evidence of bicycle attitudes and perceptions available for CSUF.


The survey respondents were overwhelmingly students (97.1%). Sixty percent of
respondents were male and 40 % female. Respondents ranged in age from 18 to 56 years
with a median age of 21 years for the sample. Most of the respondents had been on
campus between two and four years (46.9 %). Another 37.5 % had been on campus less
than two years. The ethnicity of the respondents suggests a higher proportion of white
students bicycle to campus (Table 3).



                                             5
Survey respondents listed a variety of reasons why they bicycle to campus. While 54.8%
of respondents said that living close to campus was a reason they rode a bicycle, other
reasons mentioned included: gas prices (29.0 %); parking costs (28.1 %); and that
bicycling to campus is quicker (25.0 %). Table 4 provides a complete list of reasons why
respondents rode their bicycles to campus.


Respondents were asked two questions designed to assess why they parked at a particular
location and what factors are important when deciding where to park their bicycles.
The vast majority of respondents (77.1 %) indicated that they selected the specific bicycle
parking location because of proximity to classes (Table 5). More generally, when asked
what are the most important factors when deciding where to park, respondents stated
location/easy access to their destination was most important (84.8%).


Respondents were asked three questions about bicycle racks and general bicycle parking
conditions on campus (Table 5). Less than half (44.1%) of the respondents felt that there
were enough bicycle racks on campus. Another 61.3 % indicated that there were not
enough racks at certain locations. This finding is consistent with the unofficial bicycle
parking adjacent to full racks described earlier. When asked about the bicycle parking
options on campus, 48.6% of respondents said they would like to see improvements.
Suggestions for improvement included: nicer racks, better maintenance of racks, and
improved signage for bike routes and rack locations. Researchers observed signs listing
campus bicycle rules at many rack locations (see Photo 4 and Photo 5), but there were
few signs directing bicyclists to racks or directing them along safe routes across campus.


When asked where new bicycle racks should be added, survey respondents listed
numerous locations across campus. Several new locations were suggested such as MJ’s
coffee stand and the west entrance to Pollack Library. However, most respondents
mentioned locations that already had racks. In all cases, they stated that there should be
more rack spaces at the existing locations. Table 6 lists the locations for new bicycle
racks suggested by the survey respondents.



                                             6
Unlike many motorists, bicycle commuters will use their vehicles throughout the day to
get around campus. Other than the location where they were interviewed, 80.0% of
respondents stated that they regularly park at other locations around campus. Most of the
locations mentioned were near classes (87.7%). Table 7 provides a list of bicycle
parking locations utilized by survey respondents other than the location where the
interview took place.


In addition to recording interview locations, researchers asked respondents to identify
where they had entered campus on that day. Map 4 shows the initial entrance point and
the parking/interview location for the survey respondents that provided this information.
While the precise path each bicyclist took is not known, based upon Map 4, it is likely
that many traversed the most congested areas of campus as they made their way to a
bicycle rack.


                                              Conclusions


This analysis revealed several important findings. First, on any given day more than 300
bicycles are parked on campus. It is anticipated that this figure will increase as more
campus housing becomes available in the future. The CSUF Master Development Plan1
calls for adding space for over 1,500 students to residence halls and 250 units for faculty
and staff housing. Given that “living near campus” was the main reason why survey
respondents stated they rode a bicycle to campus, it is reasonable to conclude that bicycle
parking demand will increase as greater numbers of students and faculty are able to live
near campus.


Second, the number of unofficially parked bicycles in close proximity to full official
bicycle racks indicates that current demand for adequate bicycle parking is not being met
in popular locations. Survey respondents indicated that the quantity and quality of



1
    California State University Master Development Plan 2003. http://fmsc.fullerton.edu/mdp/index.htm


                                                     7
bicycle parking options needs improvement. Specifically, more racks should be added
in the central part of campus near classroom buildings.


Finally, a primary motivation for bicycling to campus is convenience. Therefore
bicyclists will seek out the most convenient places to park their bicycles and may utilize
their bicycles to move about campus throughout the day. Toward this end, bicyclists will
likely seek out the most direct path. Greater attention should be paid to bicycle
awareness including appropriate routes, locations of safe and convenient parking
facilities, and safe conduct.


It is hoped that as the university continues to grow, increased emphasis will be placed on
sustainability and reducing the environmental footprint of the campus. Encouraging
alternative transportation among students, faculty and staff is an excellent means to
achieving this goal. Secure, well-maintained, and convenient bicycle parking options
offer an important step in that direction.




                                             8
Tables




  9
      Table 1. Total bicycles counted by class period.

                                                Total
            Time Period                        Bicycles

Tuesday, November 14
      Before 8:30 a.m.                           107
      8:30 - 9:45                                178
      10:00 - 11:15                              323
      11:30 - 12:45                              330
      1:00 - 2:15                                333
      2:30 - 3:45                                244
      4:00 - 6:45                                260
      7:00 - 9:45                                210

Wednesday, November 15
      Before 8:00 a.m.                           154
      8:00 - 8:50                                198
      9:00 - 9:50                                258
      10:00 - 10:50                              285
      11:00 - 11:50                              264
      12:00 - 12:50                              290
      1:00 - 2:15                                301
      2:30 - 3:45                                248
      4:00 - 6:45                                273
      7:00 - 9:45                                179




                            10
            Table 2. “Official” vs. “Unofficial” bicycles counted by class period.

                                            “Official”     “Unofficial”           Total
             Time Period                    Locations       Locations            Bicycles

Tuesday, November 14
      Before 8:30 a.m.                          104              3                   107
      8:30 - 9:45                               163             15                   178
      10:00 - 11:15                             284             39                   323
      11:30 - 12:45                             282             48                   330
      1:00 - 2:15                               293             40                   333
      2:30 - 3:45                               217             27                   244
      4:00 - 6:45                               233             27                   260
      7:00 - 9:45                               205             5                    210

Wednesday, November 15
      Before 8:00 a.m.                          126             28                   154
      8:00 - 8:50                               189             9                    198
      9:00 - 9:50                               247             11                   258
      10:00 - 10:50                             274             11                   285
      11:00 - 11:50                             234             30                   264
      12:00 - 12:50                             263             27                   290
      1:00 - 2:15                               270             31                   301
      2:30 - 3:45                               213             35                   248
      4:00 - 6:45                               241             32                   273
      7:00 - 9:45                               161             18                   179




                                             11
          Table 3. Characteristics of Survey Respondents
__________________________________________________________


         Students                     Faculty
          97.1 %                       2.9 %


           Male                       Female
           60 %                        40 %


     Median age of respondents                  21 years



     Years on campus
                   Less than 2                   37.5 %
                   2 to 4                        46.9 %
                   5 or more                     15.6 %


     Ethnicity
                    Black                         6.1 %
                    Hispanic                     18.2 %
                    Asian                        21.2 %
                    White                        45.5 %
                    Other                         9.1 %

__________________________________________________________




                                 12
        Table 4. Bicyclist Survey Results – Why respondents ride to campus.




Why do you ride a bicycle to campus?
       No Car                                            12.5 %
       It is quicker                                     25.0 %
       Gas prices                                        29.0 %
       Live close to campus                              54.8 %
       Exercise                                           6.3 %
       Parking costs                                     28.1 %
       Parking hassles                                   16.1 %




Note: Because multiple responses were accepted, total exceeds 100 %.




                                               13
                             Table 5. Bicyclist Survey Results




Why did you park at this location?
       Close to class                                         77.1 %
       Near dorms                                              6.3 %
       Shaded area                                             6.3 %


What is the most important consideration when choosing parking location?
         Convenient location / ease of access  84.8 %
         Away from congestion / pedestrians     9.4 %
         Covered parking                        6.3 %


Are there enough bicycle racks on campus?
             Yes 44.1 %               No 55.9 %



What problems are there with the current racks?
       Not enough racks at certain locations    61.3 %
       Abandoned bikes and locks                10.3 %


Note: Because multiple responses were accepted for each question, totals may not add up to 100 %.




                                                14
         Table 6. Suggested Locations for New Bicycle Racks.


                                                  Total
Campus Location                                 Responses   Percent

  McCarthy Hall                                       7     21.9%
  Titan Student Union                                 6     18.8%
  Library (east and west entrances)                   6     18.8%
  Performing Arts                                     3     9.4%
  College Park                                        3     9.4%
  University Hall                                     3      9.4%
  Residence Halls                                     2     6.3%
  MJ’s Coffee Stand                                   1      3.1%
  Langsdorf Hall                                      1     3.1%


Note: Respondents could suggest multiple locations.




                                       15
Table 7. Additional campus parking locations other than interview location.


                                                       Total
  Campus Location                                    Responses   Percent

     Pollack Library                                    9        24.3 %
     Humanities Building                                9        24.3 %
     McCarthy Hall                                      8        21.6 %
     Performing Arts                                    5        13.5 %
     Titan Student Union                                2         5.4 %
     Visual Arts                                        1         2.7 %
     Langsdorf Hall                                     1         2.7 %
     Student Health Center                              1         2.7 %
     Kinesiology & Health Science                       1         2.7 %


  Note: Respondents could list multiple locations.




                                          16
Maps




 17
                                                                      YORBA LINDA BLVD




                                                                        !
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                                                                        AA
                                                                                          Arboretum




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        STAT E C O LL EGE BLVD




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                                                                                                                              ¡
                       Map 1: Official Bicycle Rack Locations                         0               500             1,000
Rack locations provided by CSUF Parking and Transportation Services.
Building outlines provided by CSUF Office of Design and Construction.                                 Feet
                                                                                           YORBA LINDA BLVD
    Bicycles per Rack
                                     0
                                    1-4
                                    5 - 10                                                  0
                                                                                                                  Arboretum
                                    11 - 19
                                    20 - 31




                                                                                                                                        31

                                                                                                                          13
                                                                                                                                    Dorms


                                                                      Athletic Fields
                                                                                                                               15
                                      1

                                                                       10
           STAT E C O LL EGE BLVD




                                      2




                                                                                                                                             57 F WY
                                          SCPS                    KHS                           SH


                                                                                 4               2
                                                                        5                                          ECSC
                                                                                                          7
                                                         TB
                                              TSU                                      7
                                                                             PL                          8
                                                                                                EC
                                                    19        3   1
                                                                             6                           10
                                                          PA                               14
                                              VA                  18                          H
                                                                                           27
                                                                            30
                                                                         MH                     UH
                                                                  8                  16
                                                                                       10
                                          NPS                     DBH
                                                                                            LH
                                                                                  16                 2

                                                                                            6
                                                                  NUTWOOD AVE

                                                                                                              CP
                                                                                                              2




                                                                                                                                                          ¡
                                             Map 2: Peak Rack Usage                                           0                500                1,000
Tuesday, November 14, 1:00 - 2:15 p.m. Total Bicycles in Official Locations = 293
40 additional bicycles were counted in Unofficial locations during this class period.                                          Feet
                                                                         YORBA LINDA BLVD

                              Legend

h
g                         Cluster of Unofficially
                          Parked Bicycles

                          Official Bicycle Rack                                           Arboretum




                                                                                                      h
                                                                                                      g
                                                                                                          Dorms


                                                           Athletic Fields
 STAT E C O LL EGE BLVD




                                                                                                                  57 F WY
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Map 3: Unofficial Bicycle Parking Locations                                           0               500

                                                                                                      Feet
                                                                                                                       1,000

                                                                                                                               ¡
                                                                                                 YORBA LINDA BLVD




                                                                                    !
                                                                                    (

                                                                                                      Arboretum




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                                                                                                                                           ¡
Map 4: Campus Entry and Interview Location                                                        0               500              1,000

                                     Campus Entry    Interview Location                                           Feet
Photographs




    22
Photo 1: While this rack is designed for two-sided parking, its location next
to the grass clearly discourages use of both sides.




Photo 2: This rack is positioned so that two-sided parking is impossible.


                                    23
                                                         The rack is located here.




Photo 3: Bicycles locked to railings next to full rack near east entrance to
Pollack Library.




Photo 4: Some racks have signs listing campus bicycle rules. This rack is also
positioned so that two-sided parking is awkward or impossible.

                                     24
Photo 5: Detailed view of bicycle rules sign.




                                  25
          Appendix:

Bicycle Counts by Rack Location
        and Class Period




              26
                                         Appendix - Individual Rack Totals


Rack Location              A

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                                    Before 8:00 a.m.          2
            8:30 - 9:45                       6                 8:00 - 8:50               5
            10:00 - 11:15                     5                 9:00 - 9:50               2
            11:30 - 12:45                     7                 10:00 - 10:50             5
            1:00 - 2:15                       6                 11:00 - 11:50             3
            2:30 - 3:45                       6                 12:00 - 12:50             3
            4:00 - 6:45                       5                 1:00 - 2:15               4
            7:00 - 9:45                       0                 2:30 - 3:45               4
                                                                4:00 - 6:45               4
                                                                7:00 - 9:45               3



Rack Location              B

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                                    Before 8:00 a.m.          0
            8:30 - 9:45                       0                 8:00 - 8:50               2
            10:00 - 11:15                     0                 9:00 - 9:50               0
            11:30 - 12:45                                       10:00 - 10:50             0
            1:00 - 2:15                       2                 11:00 - 11:50             1
            2:30 - 3:45                       1                 12:00 - 12:50             0
            4:00 - 6:45                       1                 1:00 - 2:15               0
            7:00 - 9:45                       1                 2:30 - 3:45               0
                                                                4:00 - 6:45               0
                                                                7:00 - 9:45               0



Rack Location              C

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                   4                Before 8:00 a.m.          3
            8:30 - 9:45                       10                8:00 - 8:50               5
            10:00 - 11:15                     14                9:00 - 9:50              12
            11:30 - 12:45                     12                10:00 - 10:50
            1:00 - 2:15                       16                11:00 - 11:50
            2:30 - 3:45                        9                12:00 - 12:50               14
            4:00 - 6:45                        6                1:00 - 2:15                 14
            7:00 - 9:45                        5                2:30 - 3:45
                                                                4:00 - 6:45                 6
                                                                7:00 - 9:45                 3

       Blank totals represent missing data




                                                        27
                                         Appendix - Individual Rack Totals


Rack Location              D

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                   0                Before 8:00 a.m.          2
            8:30 - 9:45                        5                8:00 - 8:50               3
            10:00 - 11:15                     16                9:00 - 9:50               7
            11:30 - 12:45                     14                10:00 - 10:50
            1:00 - 2:15                       10                11:00 - 11:50
            2:30 - 3:45                        8                12:00 - 12:50                9
            4:00 - 6:45                        4                1:00 - 2:15                 12
            7:00 - 9:45                        8                2:30 - 3:45
                                                                4:00 - 6:45                 7
                                                                7:00 - 9:45                 7



Rack Location              E

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                   1                Before 8:00 a.m.          2
            8:30 - 9:45                        3                8:00 - 8:50               4
            10:00 - 11:15                      5                9:00 - 9:50               6
            11:30 - 12:45                      8                10:00 - 10:50             8
            1:00 - 2:15                        8                11:00 - 11:50             8
            2:30 - 3:45                        6                12:00 - 12:50             9
            4:00 - 6:45                        5                1:00 - 2:15               8
            7:00 - 9:45                        5                2:30 - 3:45               7
                                                                4:00 - 6:45               5
                                                                7:00 - 9:45               0



Rack Location              F

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                   1                Before 8:00 a.m.          5
            8:30 - 9:45                        8                8:00 - 8:50               9
            10:00 - 11:15                     13                9:00 - 9:50              10
            11:30 - 12:45                     19                10:00 - 10:50
            1:00 - 2:15                       16                11:00 - 11:50
            2:30 - 3:45                       11                12:00 - 12:50               13
            4:00 - 6:45                        9                1:00 - 2:15                 15
            7:00 - 9:45                        6                2:30 - 3:45
                                                                4:00 - 6:45                 9
                                                                7:00 - 9:45                 6

       Blank totals represent missing data




                                                        28
                                         Appendix - Individual Rack Totals


Rack Location              G

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                   2                Before 8:00 a.m.          9
            8:30 - 9:45                       29                8:00 - 8:50              14
            10:00 - 11:15                     36                9:00 - 9:50              22
            11:30 - 12:45                     26                10:00 - 10:50            28
            1:00 - 2:15                       30                11:00 - 11:50            26
            2:30 - 3:45                       24                12:00 - 12:50            22
            4:00 - 6:45                       14                1:00 - 2:15              26
            7:00 - 9:45                       10                2:30 - 3:45              25
                                                                4:00 - 6:45              19
                                                                7:00 - 9:45              13



Rack Location              H

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                   9                Before 8:00 a.m.          9
            8:30 - 9:45                       19                8:00 - 8:50              11
            10:00 - 11:15                     30                9:00 - 9:50              17
            11:30 - 12:45                     29                10:00 - 10:50            26
            1:00 - 2:15                       27                11:00 - 11:50            24
            2:30 - 3:45                       26                12:00 - 12:50            26
            4:00 - 6:45                       17                1:00 - 2:15              28
            7:00 - 9:45                        9                2:30 - 3:45              23
                                                                4:00 - 6:45              21
                                                                7:00 - 9:45               6



Rack Location              I

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                   1                Before 8:00 a.m.          3
            8:30 - 9:45                       13                8:00 - 8:50               5
            10:00 - 11:15                     17                9:00 - 9:50              14
            11:30 - 12:45                     16                10:00 - 10:50            13
            1:00 - 2:15                       18                11:00 - 11:50            15
            2:30 - 3:45                       16                12:00 - 12:50            16
            4:00 - 6:45                       12                1:00 - 2:15              15
            7:00 - 9:45                       11                2:30 - 3:45              13
                                                                4:00 - 6:45              11
                                                                7:00 - 9:45               4

       Blank totals represent missing data




                                                        29
                                         Appendix - Individual Rack Totals


Rack Location              J

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                                    Before 8:00 a.m.          1
            8:30 - 9:45                       16                8:00 - 8:50               2
            10:00 - 11:15                     11                9:00 - 9:50              10
            11:30 - 12:45                     15                10:00 - 10:50            16
            1:00 - 2:15                       14                11:00 - 11:50            12
            2:30 - 3:45                       15                12:00 - 12:50            14
            4:00 - 6:45                       13                1:00 - 2:15              13
            7:00 - 9:45                       12                2:30 - 3:45              15
                                                                4:00 - 6:45               9
                                                                7:00 - 9:45               2



Rack Location              K

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                                    Before 8:00 a.m.          3
            8:30 - 9:45                        2                8:00 - 8:50               4
            10:00 - 11:15                      7                9:00 - 9:50               6
            11:30 - 12:45                      7                10:00 - 10:50             9
            1:00 - 2:15                       10                11:00 - 11:50             9
            2:30 - 3:45                       14                12:00 - 12:50             8
            4:00 - 6:45                        7                1:00 - 2:15               7
            7:00 - 9:45                        6                2:30 - 3:45               7
                                                                4:00 - 6:45               6
                                                                7:00 - 9:45               2



Rack Location              L

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                   6                Before 8:00 a.m.          7
            8:30 - 9:45                        8                8:00 - 8:50               9
            10:00 - 11:15                     13                9:00 - 9:50              11
            11:30 - 12:45                     15                10:00 - 10:50            13
            1:00 - 2:15                       19                11:00 - 11:50            13
            2:30 - 3:45                       21                12:00 - 12:50            16
            4:00 - 6:45                       12                1:00 - 2:15              15
            7:00 - 9:45                       12                2:30 - 3:45              16
                                                                4:00 - 6:45              20
                                                                7:00 - 9:45              10

       Blank totals represent missing data




                                                        30
                                         Appendix - Individual Rack Totals


Rack Location              M

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                   0                Before 8:00 a.m.          1
            8:30 - 9:45                        0                8:00 - 8:50               2
            10:00 - 11:15                      3                9:00 - 9:50               3
            11:30 - 12:45                      2                10:00 - 10:50             5
            1:00 - 2:15                        3                11:00 - 11:50             5
            2:30 - 3:45                        6                12:00 - 12:50             9
            4:00 - 6:45                        3                1:00 - 2:15               6
            7:00 - 9:45                        1                2:30 - 3:45              10
                                                                4:00 - 6:45               8
                                                                7:00 - 9:45               3



Rack Location              N

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                   0                Before 8:00 a.m.          0
            8:30 - 9:45                        1                8:00 - 8:50               1
            10:00 - 11:15                      2                9:00 - 9:50               3
            11:30 - 12:45                      3                10:00 - 10:50             5
            1:00 - 2:15                        1                11:00 - 11:50             5
            2:30 - 3:45                        1                12:00 - 12:50             2
            4:00 - 6:45                        2                1:00 - 2:15               2
            7:00 - 9:45                        1                2:30 - 3:45              11
                                                                4:00 - 6:45               3
                                                                7:00 - 9:45               4



Rack Location              O

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                   3                Before 8:00 a.m.          2
            8:30 - 9:45                        5                8:00 - 8:50               3
            10:00 - 11:15                      7                9:00 - 9:50               4
            11:30 - 12:45                      6                10:00 - 10:50             6
            1:00 - 2:15                        6                11:00 - 11:50             2
            2:30 - 3:45                        5                12:00 - 12:50             6
            4:00 - 6:45                        5                1:00 - 2:15               6
            7:00 - 9:45                        5                2:30 - 3:45               6
                                                                4:00 - 6:45               5
                                                                7:00 - 9:45               4

       Blank totals represent missing data




                                                        31
                                         Appendix - Individual Rack Totals


Rack Location              P

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                   6                Before 8:00 a.m.          6
            8:30 - 9:45                        9                8:00 - 8:50               9
            10:00 - 11:15                     14                9:00 - 9:50               7
            11:30 - 12:45                     10                10:00 - 10:50             7
            1:00 - 2:15                        8                11:00 - 11:50             5
            2:30 - 3:45                       13                12:00 - 12:50             6
            4:00 - 6:45                       13                1:00 - 2:15               6
            7:00 - 9:45                        2                2:30 - 3:45               5
                                                                4:00 - 6:45               4
                                                                7:00 - 9:45               3



Rack Location              Q

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                   3                Before 8:00 a.m.          4
            8:30 - 9:45                        4                8:00 - 8:50               5
            10:00 - 11:15                      8                9:00 - 9:50               6
            11:30 - 12:45                     11                10:00 - 10:50            12
            1:00 - 2:15                        7                11:00 - 11:50            12
            2:30 - 3:45                        7                12:00 - 12:50             9
            4:00 - 6:45                       10                1:00 - 2:15              14
            7:00 - 9:45                        8                2:30 - 3:45               6
                                                                4:00 - 6:45              10
                                                                7:00 - 9:45               4



Rack Location              R

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                                    Before 8:00 a.m.          2
            8:30 - 9:45                       3                 8:00 - 8:50               2
            10:00 - 11:15                     3                 9:00 - 9:50               2
            11:30 - 12:45                     3                 10:00 - 10:50             3
            1:00 - 2:15                       5                 11:00 - 11:50             3
            2:30 - 3:45                       3                 12:00 - 12:50             2
            4:00 - 6:45                       4                 1:00 - 2:15               4
            7:00 - 9:45                       4                 2:30 - 3:45               3
                                                                4:00 - 6:45               3
                                                                7:00 - 9:45               2

       Blank totals represent missing data




                                                        32
                                         Appendix - Individual Rack Totals


Rack Location              S

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                                    Before 8:00 a.m.          1
            8:30 - 9:45                       3                 8:00 - 8:50               1
            10:00 - 11:15                     3                 9:00 - 9:50               1
            11:30 - 12:45                     2                 10:00 - 10:50             2
            1:00 - 2:15                       4                 11:00 - 11:50             3
            2:30 - 3:45                       1                 12:00 - 12:50             3
            4:00 - 6:45                       0                 1:00 - 2:15               2
            7:00 - 9:45                       3                 2:30 - 3:45               2
                                                                4:00 - 6:45               2
                                                                7:00 - 9:45               2



Rack Location              T

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                   1                Before 8:00 a.m.          0
            8:30 - 9:45                        1                8:00 - 8:50               1
            10:00 - 11:15                      1                9:00 - 9:50               3
            11:30 - 12:45                      1                10:00 - 10:50             2
            1:00 - 2:15                        2                11:00 - 11:50             2
            2:30 - 3:45                        2                12:00 - 12:50             0
            4:00 - 6:45                        1                1:00 - 2:15               0
            7:00 - 9:45                        0                2:30 - 3:45               0
                                                                4:00 - 6:45               0
                                                                7:00 - 9:45               0



Rack Location              U

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                   0                Before 8:00 a.m.          0
            8:30 - 9:45                        0                8:00 - 8:50               0
            10:00 - 11:15                      1                9:00 - 9:50               0
            11:30 - 12:45                      2                10:00 - 10:50             0
            1:00 - 2:15                        2                11:00 - 11:50             2
            2:30 - 3:45                        2                12:00 - 12:50             0
            4:00 - 6:45                        1                1:00 - 2:15               0
            7:00 - 9:45                        1                2:30 - 3:45               0
                                                                4:00 - 6:45               1
                                                                7:00 - 9:45               0

       Blank totals represent missing data




                                                        33
                                         Appendix - Individual Rack Totals


Rack Location              V

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                                    Before 8:00 a.m.          3
            8:30 - 9:45                        8                8:00 - 8:50               8
            10:00 - 11:15                      9                9:00 - 9:50              12
            11:30 - 12:45                     10                10:00 - 10:50            13
            1:00 - 2:15                       10                11:00 - 11:50            13
            2:30 - 3:45                       12                12:00 - 12:50            10
            4:00 - 6:45                       13                1:00 - 2:15              10
            7:00 - 9:45                       11                2:30 - 3:45              10
                                                                4:00 - 6:45              15
                                                                7:00 - 9:45               7



Rack Location              W

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                   1                Before 8:00 a.m.          0
            8:30 - 9:45                        1                8:00 - 8:50               0
            10:00 - 11:15                      1                9:00 - 9:50               0
            11:30 - 12:45                      1                10:00 - 10:50             0
            1:00 - 2:15                        1                11:00 - 11:50             2
            2:30 - 3:45                        0                12:00 - 12:50             0
            4:00 - 6:45                                         1:00 - 2:15               1
            7:00 - 9:45                       0                 2:30 - 3:45               1
                                                                4:00 - 6:45
                                                                7:00 - 9:45                 0



Rack Location              X

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                  13                Before 8:00 a.m.         16
            8:30 - 9:45                                         8:00 - 8:50              24
            10:00 - 11:15                     13                9:00 - 9:50              23
            11:30 - 12:45                     14                10:00 - 10:50            21
            1:00 - 2:15                       15                11:00 - 11:50            12
            2:30 - 3:45                                         12:00 - 12:50            11
            4:00 - 6:45                       21                1:00 - 2:15              12
            7:00 - 9:45                       24                2:30 - 3:45              13
                                                                4:00 - 6:45              20
                                                                7:00 - 9:45              21

       Blank totals represent missing data




                                                        34
                                         Appendix - Individual Rack Totals


Rack Location              Y

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                  13                Before 8:00 a.m.         15
            8:30 - 9:45                                         8:00 - 8:50              23
            10:00 - 11:15                     14                9:00 - 9:50              22
            11:30 - 12:45                     14                10:00 - 10:50            21
            1:00 - 2:15                       13                11:00 - 11:50            15
            2:30 - 3:45                                         12:00 - 12:50            15
            4:00 - 6:45                       20                1:00 - 2:15              15
            7:00 - 9:45                       23                2:30 - 3:45              15
                                                                4:00 - 6:45              22
                                                                7:00 - 9:45              19



Rack Location              Z

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                  32                Before 8:00 a.m.         28
            8:30 - 9:45                                         8:00 - 8:50              33
            10:00 - 11:15                     25                9:00 - 9:50              34
            11:30 - 12:45                     26                10:00 - 10:50            33
            1:00 - 2:15                       31                11:00 - 11:50            31
            2:30 - 3:45                                         12:00 - 12:50            30
            4:00 - 6:45                       26                1:00 - 2:15              28
            7:00 - 9:45                       30                2:30 - 3:45              16
                                                                4:00 - 6:45              25
                                                                7:00 - 9:45              27



Rack Location              AA

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                   0                Before 8:00 a.m.          0
            8:30 - 9:45                        0                8:00 - 8:50               0
            10:00 - 11:15                      0                9:00 - 9:50               0
            11:30 - 12:45                      0                10:00 - 10:50             0
            1:00 - 2:15                        0                11:00 - 11:50             0
            2:30 - 3:45                        0                12:00 - 12:50             0
            4:00 - 6:45                        0                1:00 - 2:15               0
            7:00 - 9:45                        0                2:30 - 3:45               0
                                                                4:00 - 6:45               0
                                                                7:00 - 9:45

       Blank totals represent missing data




                                                        35
                                         Appendix - Individual Rack Totals


Rack Location              AB

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                                    Before 8:00 a.m.          1
            8:30 - 9:45                       3                 8:00 - 8:50
            10:00 - 11:15                     7                 9:00 - 9:50                 5
            11:30 - 12:45                     3                 10:00 - 10:50               5
            1:00 - 2:15                       2                 11:00 - 11:50               4
            2:30 - 3:45                       2                 12:00 - 12:50               4
            4:00 - 6:45                       2                 1:00 - 2:15                 1
            7:00 - 9:45                                         2:30 - 3:45                 1
                                                                4:00 - 6:45                 2
                                                                7:00 - 9:45                 4



Rack Location              AC

              Tuesday, November 14                                 Wednesday, November 15
                                             Total                                      Total
            Time Period                      Bikes              Time Period             Bikes
            Before 8:30 a.m.                   8                Before 8:00 a.m.          1
            8:30 - 9:45                        6                8:00 - 8:50               4
            10:00 - 11:15                      6                9:00 - 9:50               5
            11:30 - 12:45                      6                10:00 - 10:50            21
            1:00 - 2:15                        7                11:00 - 11:50             7
            2:30 - 3:45                        6                12:00 - 12:50             6
            4:00 - 6:45                        7                1:00 - 2:15               6
            7:00 - 9:45                        7                2:30 - 3:45               4
                                                                4:00 - 6:45               5
                                                                7:00 - 9:45               4



       Blank totals represent missing data




                                                        36

				
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