ELECTRICAL SAFETY_4_ by dandanhuanghuang

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									ELECTRICAL SAFETY
• OSHA TRAINING REQUIREMENTS
 – 1910.331   Scope of regulations
 – 1910.332   Types of training required
 – 1910.333   Selection of work practices
 – 1910.334   Use of electrical equipment
 – 1910.335   Safeguards for personnel protection
 – 1910.339   Definitions
      HOW ELECTRICAL
 MISUNDERSTANDINGS OCCUR

    ELECTRICAL TERM                      ALSO KNOWN AS

Motor control center starter     Can         Bucket

Standard length conduit          Joint        Stick          Stalk

 Voltage tester                 Wiggy        Checker         Tester

 Energize                      Make hot        Fire up       Heat up

 Lighting panel                Fuse box        Panel         Cabinet

 Low voltage                   6 volts in the instrument field
 Low voltage                   120 volts to plant electricians
                               480 volts to construction contractors
Essential Electrical Safety
 Questions For Each Job
    PLAN EVERY JOB

Electrician Do I plan every job?


Supervisor Has the plan been discussed
           with appropriate people?

Manager     How do I know if planning is
            being done?
ANTICIPATE UNEXPECTED EVENTS

   Electrician Have I thought about what
               could go wrong?

   Supervisor Can I offer a thought or two about
              what happened in another area?

   Manager     Does a mechanism exist to share
               learning from events in other
               locations?
USE THE RIGHT TOOL FOR THE JOB


  Electrician What tools do I need
              to do this job safely?

  Supervisor What type of tools are
             needed by my crew?

  Manager     Should we review our company
              specs on test equipment?
 USE PROCEDURES AS TOOLS

Electrician Is there a standard procedure
            for this job?

Supervisor Do my electricians have a
           copy of the procedure?

Manager     Have we allocated resources
            to develop and maintain
            procedures?
 ISOLATE THE EQUIPMENT

Electrician Have I installed locks, tags,
            signs, barricades?

Supervisor Does my electrician know
           how to lockout the circuit?

Manager     Do I reinforce my policy of
            no energized work by my
            questions and actions?
     IDENTIFY THE HAZARD
Electrician Have I dealt with each
            hazard independently?

Supervisor Does my electrician
           understand how much energy
           is available in the circuit?

Manager     Do we understand our
            training requirements?
    MINIMIZE THE HAZARD
Electrician Can I eliminate it completely?

Supervisor Why can’t production
           shut off the equipment?

Manager     Do I emphasize de-energized work
            by my questions and actions?
   PROTECT THE PERSON

Electrician Do I realize I could make
            a mistake?

Supervisor Is my personal protective
           equipment maintenance
           program current?

Manager     Should I sign this order for
            safety belts?
ASSESS PEOPLES’ ABILITIES
Electrician Am I too tired to do this
            job right?

Supervisor Do I know when my people
           are preoccupied with
           personal problems?

Manager     What is the average experience
            level of my organization?
AUDIT THESE PRINCIPLES

Electrician Does my behavior reflect
            my principles?

Supervisor Does my behavior reflect
           my principles?

Manager     Does my behavior reflect
            my principles?
ELECTRICAL SAFETY
   PRINCIPLES
•   Plan every job
•   Anticipate unexpected events
•   Use the right tool for the job
•   Isolate the equipment
•   Identify the hazard
•   Minimize the hazard
•   Protect the person
•   Assess people’s abilities
•   Audit these principles
KILLER SAFETY MYTHS

  “Safety is someone else’s responsibility”



   “Safety is everyone’s responsibility”
COMMUNICATE FOR SAFETY

    COMMON PROBLEMS

 Seeing but not recognizing

 Hearing but not understanding

 Failure to ask questions

 Failure to answer unasked questions
     POWERFUL POINTS TO
          PONDER

• Your safety is your responsibility
• Only you can guarantee your safety
• If you are injured, you and your family
  suffer
• If it isn’t safe, don’t do it
• Practice safety all the time
  THE END
This has been a presentation
             of
Safety Management Services
       P. O. Box 800637
         Dallas, Texas

								
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