Docstoc

Uses of the Subjunctive Volitive and Optative Volitive Subjunctive

Document Sample
Uses of the Subjunctive Volitive and Optative Volitive Subjunctive Powered By Docstoc
					Uses of the
Subjunctive
 Volitive and Optative
Volitive Subjunctive
Also known as the Hortatory or Jussive
Subjunctive
For exhortations, commands, orders
Similar to the imperative (para! parate!)
The command is not as strong in the
Volitive Subjunctive
Translation: Imperative or you should or let
...
Examples

Ad urbem ambulatis (indicative)
Ad urbem ambulate! (imperative)
Ad urbem ambuletis (subjunctive)
Volitive Subjunctive
Negative
 1st and 3rd persons:
   Ne + subjunctive
   Ne librum paret

   Let him not prepare his book
   He should not prepare his book.
 2nd persons
   Noli or Nolite + infinitive
Optative
Subjunctive
Expresses a wish
Usually with the word Utinam = if only
Subjunctive translated as may . . .
In the negative:
  Utinam ne . . .
  Ne . . .
Examples


Utinam ne pauper sim
Ne ad insulam navigent.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:37
posted:3/29/2012
language:English
pages:6