Total Parking Spillover in Downtown Berkeley

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Total Parking Spillover in Downtown Berkeley Powered By Docstoc
					Current Parking Conditions
  Census Methodology                                                         Garage Methodology
  Walked every blockface, and recorded number of spaces, colored curbs and   • Counts conducted in the six major public and private garages and lots in the
  time limits                                                                downtown area

                                                                             • Garages included the Center Street Garage, the Allston Street Garage, the Berkeley
                                                                             Way Lot, the Kittredge Street Garage, the Promenade Garage, and the University Hall
                                                                             Garage

                                                                             • Counts taken four times of the day: morning, mid-day, afternoon, and evening, on a
                                                                             weekday and a Saturday



                                                                                               Berkeley Way Lot
                                                                                                 (Public) - 111

                                                                                                Promenade                       University Hall
                                                                                                Garage - 120                     Garage - 262




                                                                                                 Center Street
                                                                                                 Garage - 420

                                                                                                                                Allston Way
                                                                                                    Kittredge                   Garage - 610
                                                                                                   Garage - 165
   • 1,394 total On-Street Parking Spaces
   • 926 metered spaces - $1.00/hour                                                                • 6 major garages
      12% are 1/2 hour                                                                                  2 – Public
      46% are 1 hour                                                                                    3 – Private
      26% are 90 minute                                                                                 1 – University
      16% are 2-hour                                                                                • Total Spaces: 1,688
   • 428 un-metered spaces (2 hours without permit)                                                 • Rates: $1.00-$2.50/hour


             On-Street Parking Spaces
                                                                                     Off-Street Parking Garages


Parking in Downtown Berkeley
University of California, Berkeley - Department of City and Regional Planning - Transportation Planning Studio - Professor Elizabeth Deakin - Fall 2007
  Occupancy Rates (On-Street Parking and Garages)
                Occupancy/Turnover Methodology                                                                                                                          On-Street Parking Occupancy

                • Weekday study covered 100 percent of the blockfaces in the downtown area as well as the
                blockfaces directly bordering the downtown area

                • Saturday study covered~40 percent sample of blockfaces

                • All counts taken hourly between the hours of 7:30 am and 8:30 pm

                • License plates, empty spaces, handicapped placards were noted

                • Conducted drive-by occupancy surveys of 100 percent of the blockfaces during evening hours
                up to 11pm on a weekday and a Saturday



 Off-Street Parking Garages Occupancy
                                                                                                                                                                      Weekday Average Occupancy Rate
  Weekday Garage Occupancy Rate                                                     Weekend (Saturday) Garage Occupancy Rate                                          • 76 % during meter hours
                100%
                                                                                                                                                                      • 91 % during evening hours
                                                                                                    100%
                                                                 Berkeley Way                                                                    Berkeley Way
                90%                                              Lot                                90%                                          Lot
                80%                                              University Hall                    80%                                          University Hall
                70%                                              Garage                                                                          Garage
                                                                                                    70%
  % Occupancy




                                                                                      % Occupancy




                60%                                              Promenade                          60%                                          Promenade
                                                                 Garage                                                                          Garage
                50%                                                                                 50%
                                                                 Center Street                                                                   Center Street
                40%                                              Garage                             40%                                          Garage
                30%                                                                                 30%
                                                                 Allston Way                                                                     Allston Way
                                                                 Garage                             20%                                          Garage
                20%
                10%                                              Kittredge                          10%                                          Kittredge Street
                                                                 Street Garage                                                                   Garage
                 0%                                                                                  0%
                        Weekday   Weekday    Weekday   Weekday                                             Weekend      Weekend      Weekend
                        Morning   Mid-day    Afternoon Evening                                              Morning     Afternoon     Evening
                                                                                                           Occupancy   Occupancy     Occupancy
                       Occupancy Occupancy Occupancy Occupancy
                                                                                                                       Time of Day
                                      Time of Day



 •Weekday midday usage highest
                                                                                   Current Street Parking Revenue
 •Weekend usage light
                                                 Estimates: $1,303,380 per year
 •The usage of University Hall Garage is too low Based on the surveyed occupancy rate (59%) that                                                                    Saturday Average Occupancy Rate on Selected 59 Blocks
                                                 excludes vehicles with disabled placards                                                                           • 78 % during meter hours
                                                                                                                                                                    • 91 % during evening hours

Parking in Downtown Berkeley
University of California, Berkeley - Department of City and Regional Planning - Transportation Planning Studio - Professor Elizabeth Deakin - Fall 2007
Average Stay
   From the Turnover Study, we also found information on average stay.




                                                                                               • Meter feeding from downtown employees and visitors

                                                                                               • Small percentage of drivers violate time limit

                                                                                               • 7.6% cars with handicapped placard, with an average stay of 3.7 hours



   • Cluster in the northwest part of         • Most clustered between University Ave and
   downtown Berkeley, near civic buildings    Addison Street
   and Alta Bates Medical Center on Dwight
   Way                                        • Most shops and restaurants around University
                                              Ave
   • Only 16 handicapped placard cars in
   Unmetered spaces compare to 414 cars in    • High average stay on Shattuck Ave and its
   metered spaces                             surrounding streets




                               Picture of car
                                                                                               • Average stay is significantly higher than metered spaces due to RPPs
                               overstaying
                                                                                               • 1.1% cars with handicapped placard, with an average stay of 3.1 hours


Parking in Downtown Berkeley
University of California, Berkeley - Department of City and Regional Planning - Transportation Planning Studio - Professor Elizabeth Deakin - Fall 2007
 Residential Spillover Study
   Residential Spillover Methodology
   • Sampled 24 blockfaces in and around the downtown that are entirely comprised of
   residential permitted parking

   • Sample blockfaces selected by creating a 1/4 mile buffer around a collection of
   downtown establishments we postulated might have significant parking impacts and
   then selecting a set of clustered spatial samples of block faces from exclusively
   residential streets on the North, West, and South sides of downtown                                        -Pictures of residential
   • We established our best estimate of residential parking on each block face by counting
   the number of permitted / un-permitted cars parked on the street Monday at 1:00 am.
                                                                                                              areas
   This number was then compared with car counts of permitted / un-permitted cars on the
   same block faces at noon and 8:00pm on Saturday and Tuesday




           Total Parking Spillover in Downtown Berkeley                                       Parking Spillover on East Side of Fulton – Most Extreme




      • Total of 350 parking spots in the surveyed residential areas                            • Total of 10 parking spaces on East side of Fulton

      • Higher number of permitted cars at night than midday                                    • The most extreme spillover case: highest shift between permitted and unpermitted
                                                                                                cars during different times of day
      • Higher number of unpermitted cars on weekend than weekday
                                                                                                • Data might be skewed due to spillover from UC Berkeley

Parking in Downtown Berkeley
University of California, Berkeley - Department of City and Regional Planning - Transportation Planning Studio - Professor Elizabeth Deakin - Fall 2007
Introduction
Studio Process
This studio has accomplished several tasks towards the goal of developing a parking
management strategy for Berkeley’s downtown

•Engaged in a variety of data collection and analyses to ascertain current parking                                        Asses current parking
conditions in the downtown                                                                                                     conditions

•Surveyed the Berkeley public about parking downtown and potential improvements in
the area
                                                                                                                                       Identify concerns and
•Identified a series of parking related challenges and opportunities that could be                                                         opportunities
addressed through a parking management strategy

•Assembled a cost effective, phased parking management strategy for Downtown
Berkeley that addresses various issues and opportunities
                                                                                                                                                       Formulate a parking
                                                                                                                                                       management strategy
•Estimated the revenue impacts of proposed parking management strategy and provided
an expenditure plan funding a variety of targeted improvements in the downtown

                                                                                                                                                                        Estimate revenue
                                                                                                                                                                       outcome and suggest
                                                                                                                                                                      potential expenditures
                                          Maintain supply of
                                         parking in residential
                                          areas for residents
                                                                                                          Framing Parking
                                         Residential
                                                                        Reduce                            Beyond addressing the individual parking needs of different downtown visitors, a
                    Insure parking       Perspective               traffic impacts of                     successful parking management strategy should be crafted in a way that frames
                  availability within                             future downtown                         parking in terms of a broader economic, environmental, and social context.
                      the core of                                    development
                      downtown              Encourage the
                                           use of alternative                                             •Venn diagram to the left presents three distinct hypothetical “paradigms” for thinking
                                                modes                 Emissions                           about parking and the associated outcomes and policies each might support.
                  Business                                            Reduction
                                           Reduce congestion                                              •The way parking is framed informs what kinds of policy and management approaches
                 Perspective              related to cruising /      Perspective                          may be appropriate
     Increase total                        circling for parking                      Maintain or
        trips to                                                                  reduce number of
       downtown                                                                   parking facilities in   •While different parking “paradigms” may be oriented towards differing goals, they may
                                                                                      downtown            also have common objectives and preferred outcomes
                      Increase parking                        Reduce vehicle
                         facilities in                      trips to and within                           •Focusing on these areas of agreement provides the entry point for crafting a parking
                         downtown                               downtown                                  management strategy that will be acceptable to many different groups and interests

				
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