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Mosquito Prevention and Protection www.mosquito.org Always remember the 3 D’s of protection from mosquitoes D rain Many mosquito problems in your neighborhood D efend Choose a mosquito repellent that has been are likely to come from water-filled containers registered by the Environmental Protection that you, the resident, can help to eliminate. All Agency. Registered products have been mosquitoes require water in which to breed. Be reviewed, approved, and pose minimal risk for sure to drain any standing water around your human safety when used according to label house. directions. Three repellents that are approved and recommended are: Dispose of any tires. Tires can breed DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide) thousands of mosquitoes. Picaridin (KBR 3023) Drill holes in the bottom of recycling Oil of lemon eucalyptus (p-methane 3,8- containers. diol, or PMD) Clear roof gutters of debris. Clean pet water dishes regularly. Here are some rules to follow when using Check and empty children’s toys. repellents: Repair leaky outdoor faucets. Read the directions on the label carefully Change the water in bird baths at least before applying. once a week. Apply repellent sparingly, only to exposed Canoes and other boats should be turned skin (not on clothing). over. Keep repellents away from eyes, nostrils Avoid water collecting on pool covers. and lips: do not inhale or ingest repellents Empty water collected in tarps around the or get them into the eyes. yard or on woodpiles. The American Academy of Pediatrics Plug tree holes. suggests that DEET-based repellents can Even the smallest of containers that can be used on children as young as two collect water can breed hundreds to months of age. Generally, the AAP thousands of mosquitoes. They don't need recommends concentrations of 30% or much water to lay their eggs. (bottles, less. barrels, buckets, overturned garbage can Avoid applying repellents to portions of lids, etc.) children's hands that are likely to have contact with eyes or mouth. Pregnant and nursing women should minimize use of repellents. D ress Wear light colored, loose fitting clothing. Some of Never use repellents on wounds or irritated skin. Use repellent sparingly and reapply as needed. Saturation does not increase the 176 mosquito species are attracted to dark efficacy. clothing and some can bite through tight-fitting Wash repellent-treated skin after coming clothes. When practical, wear long sleeves and indoors. pants. If a suspected reaction to insect repellents occurs, wash treated skin, and call a physician. Take the repellent container to the physician.
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