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Candida (yeast) diaper dermatitis should be treated with a topical anti fungal cream such as mycostatin or clotrimozole. Prevention Diaper Rash The best way to prevent diaper rash is to change your baby’s diaper often. If your baby has diarrhea, change the diaper even more often. Applying a thin layer of unscented barrier cream can also protect the skin. It is not known whether cloth or disposable diapers are better in preventing diaper rashes. When to seek medical assistance Make an appointment with your child’s doctor if the rash does not get better within a few days or if the baby seems unwell or has a fever. Key points • Diaper rashes are common in infants and toddlers • Irritant diaper dermatitis is most common • Keeping the area clean and dry will help prevent rashes. For more information call, Health Line at 519-271-7600 ext 267 or toll-free at 1-877-271-7348 ext 267 Visit www.pdhu.on.ca Adapted with permission from The Hospital for Sick Children AboutKidsHealth.ca is a child health information website. We provide parents, children and health care providers with free, evidence-based information about everyday health and complex medical conditions. August 2011 - CA What is diaper rash? red spots around the edges. It is usually not Diaper rash is a skin irritation that affects babies painful. It can be caused or become worse when or toddlers in the diaper area. Most often, it is the baby is on antibiotics. due to contact between urine and stool with your baby’s sensitive skin. Most babies will have Other rashes can occur in the diaper area. These at least one diaper rash before being toilet include eczema, bacterial, viral and allergic rashes. trained. They may also be seen on other parts of the body as well. Signs and symptoms of diaper rash A baby with diaper rash may show these signs or symptoms: • red skin • irritated or painful skin • spots or blisters in the diaper area • mild diaper rash looks like pink patches on the skin • more severe forms of the rash have bright red patches and may have open sores (these are often very painful) Treatment Leave the diaper off. Expose your baby’s skin to warm, dry air as much as you can. Causes The most common cause of diaper rash is When changing the diaper, wash your baby’s contact with urine and stool. This is called bottom with mild soap and water, rinse, and pat “irritant diaper dermatitis”. It often occurs when dry. It may be less painful for your baby if you the baby has diarrhea. It most commonly affects wash the area in a warm bath. Avoid wipes with the buttocks and thighs. Snug-fitting plastic alcohol, this may cause more pain. pants or diapers that prevent wetness from drying can make the rash worse. Use an unscented barrier ointment, such as petroleum jelly (Vaseline) or zinc oxide to Diaper rash can also be caused by a yeast protect the area after each diaper change. Do infection (Candida). This fungal infection thrives not share creams with other children. Do not in warm, moist areas such as skin creases. Yeast contaminate the cream. Wash your hands before diaper dermatitis looks red, and often has small putting them into the jar.
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