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Diaper Rash ai


									Candida (yeast) diaper dermatitis should be
treated with a topical anti fungal cream such as
mycostatin or clotrimozole.


                                                                                     Diaper Rash
The best way to prevent diaper rash is to
change your baby’s diaper often. If your baby
has diarrhea, change the diaper even more
often. Applying a thin layer of unscented
barrier cream can also protect the skin. It is not
known whether cloth or disposable diapers are
better in preventing diaper rashes.

When to seek medical assistance
Make an appointment with your child’s doctor
if the rash does not get better within a few days
or if the baby seems unwell or has a fever.

Key points
• Diaper rashes are common in infants and
• Irritant diaper dermatitis is most common
• Keeping the area clean and dry will help
  prevent rashes.

                     For more information call, Health Line at
                     519-271-7600 ext 267 or toll-free at
                     1-877-271-7348 ext 267

Adapted with permission from The Hospital for Sick Children is a child health information website. We provide parents,
children and health care providers with free, evidence-based information about
everyday health and complex medical conditions.

                                                                  August 2011 - CA
What is diaper rash?                                   red spots around the edges. It is usually not
Diaper rash is a skin irritation that affects babies   painful. It can be caused or become worse when
or toddlers in the diaper area. Most often, it is      the baby is on antibiotics.
due to contact between urine and stool with
your baby’s sensitive skin. Most babies will have      Other rashes can occur in the diaper area. These
at least one diaper rash before being toilet           include eczema, bacterial, viral and allergic rashes.
trained.                                               They may also be seen on other parts of the
                                                       body as well.

Signs and symptoms of diaper rash
A baby with diaper rash may show these signs
or symptoms:
• red skin
• irritated or painful skin
• spots or blisters in the diaper area
• mild diaper rash looks like pink patches on
  the skin
• more severe forms of the rash have bright
  red patches and may have open sores (these
  are often very painful)                              Treatment
                                                       Leave the diaper off. Expose your baby’s skin to
                                                       warm, dry air as much as you can.
The most common cause of diaper rash is                When changing the diaper, wash your baby’s
contact with urine and stool. This is called           bottom with mild soap and water, rinse, and pat
“irritant diaper dermatitis”. It often occurs when     dry. It may be less painful for your baby if you
the baby has diarrhea. It most commonly affects        wash the area in a warm bath. Avoid wipes with
the buttocks and thighs. Snug-fitting plastic          alcohol, this may cause more pain.
pants or diapers that prevent wetness from
drying can make the rash worse.                        Use an unscented barrier ointment, such as
                                                       petroleum jelly (Vaseline) or zinc oxide to
Diaper rash can also be caused by a yeast              protect the area after each diaper change. Do
infection (Candida). This fungal infection thrives     not share creams with other children. Do not
in warm, moist areas such as skin creases. Yeast       contaminate the cream. Wash your hands before
diaper dermatitis looks red, and often has small       putting them into the jar.

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