Read the following poem:
I Have Killed the Deer
~Taos Pueblo Song
I have killed the deer.
I have crushed the grasshopper
And the plants he feeds upon.
I have cut through the heart.
Of trees growing old and straight.
I have taken fish from water
And birds from the sky.
In my life I have needed death
So that my life can be.
When I die I must give life
To what has nourished me.
The earth receives my body
And gives it to the plants
And to the caterpillars
To the birds
And to the coyotes
Each in its own turn so that
The circle of life is never broken.
Choose the best answer.
1. What figurative language is used in stanza 2, line 7?
2. What is one possible theme for this poem?
A) Life is short.
B) Take what is given to you.
C) What goes around, comes around.
D) Be nice to the plants and animals.
Directions: In comparison to the Native Americans’ attitude reflected in the poem, how do
modern Americans show respect for their environment?
• Plan and write an analytical paragraph in which you develop your point of view on this issue.
Support your position with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, studies,
experience, or observations.
• In one sentence, upon completing your paragraph, explain how your point of view affects your
Point of View Tone
The perspective from which the story is told. The writer's attitude toward
• The most obvious point of view is probably first person or "I." the material and/or readers.
• The omniscient narrator knows everything, may reveal the Tone may be playful, formal,
motivations, thoughts and feelings of the characters, and gives the intimate, angry, serious, ironic,
reader information. outraged, baffled, tender,
• With a limited omniscient narrator, the material is presented from serene, depressed, etc.
the point of view of a character, in third person.
• The objective point of view presents the action and the characters'
speech, without comment or emotion. The reader has to interpret
them and uncover their meaning.
A narrator may be trustworthy or untrustworthy, involved or uninvolved.
Click here for an illustration of these points of view in the story of Sleeping
Definitions retrieved here: http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/english/melani/lit_term.html