Cnopic jar of kiya by mohammedtg14


More Info
									Mummification in ancient Egypt:

we don’t have any source depict the mummification and our source
are mostly 2 papyrus dates back to the Patlomic period (one at the
Egyptian museum at Cairo, the other one at louver )

Telling us the whole mummifying operation and rituals of the
mummifying priests

Also the check of preserved mummies lets us know a lot about
mummification and the development of it during the ancient
Egyptian history

-in the pre dynastic period they used to bury the body in the dry
sand of the desert to save it but later when they started to enlarge
the tombs and then started to mummify the bodies of died people
however the mummification reached its peak of development at the
new kingdom

- the mummification work starting after the death immediately the
priests who were responsible for the mummification came to the
house of the dead to take the body to the place of mummification
which was called purification place or the good house

The mummifying operation takes manly about 70 days

Note: every dead takes the form of Osiris ( god of death in ancient

Also the mummifying priests represents god Anubis who was
responsible for the mummifying of osiers together with 4 sons of god

The mummification start with washing the body of the dead by the
water of the Nile and removing the origins from the left side of the
body of the dead except for the heart and using different kinds of
oils and liquids later they had to cover the body with Lenin cloth
Canopic jars:

Canopic jars were used by the Ancient Egyptians during the mummification process to
store and preserve the viscera of their owner for the afterlife. They were commonly
either carved from limestone or were made of pottery.

*These jars were used by Ancient Egyptians from the time of the Old Kingdom up until
the time of the Late Period or the Ptolemaic Period, by which time the viscera were
simply wrapped and placed with the body.

*The viscera were not kept in a single canopic jar: each jar was reserved for specific
organs. The name "canopic" reflects the mistaken association by early Egyptologists with
the Greek legend of Canopus.

*Canopic jars of the Old Kingdom were rarely inscribed, and had a plain lid. In the
Middle Kingdom inscriptions became more usual, and the lids were often in the form of
human heads. By the Nineteenth dynasty each of the four lids depicted one of the four
sons of Horus, as guardians of the organs

-Duamutef, the jackal-headed god representing the east, whose jar contained the
stomach and was protected by the goddess Neith

-Hapi, the baboon-headed god representing the north, whose jar contained the lungs
and was protected by the goddess Nephthys

-Imseti, the human-headed god representing the south, whose jar contained the liver
and was protected by the goddess Isis

-Qebehsenuef, the falcon-headed god representing the west, whose jar contained the

intestines and was protected by the goddess Selket
                                   Who was kiya?

*Kiya was one of the wives of the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaton. Little is known
about her, and her actions and roles are poorly documented in the historical
record, in contrast to those of Akhenaton’s first (and chief) royal wife, Nefertiti.

* Surviving evidence demonstrates that Kiya was an important figure at
Akhenaton’s court during the middle years of his reign, when she bore him a
daughter. She disappears from history a few years before her royal husband’s

*she was thought to be mother of golden king Tutankhamen

Her origin

1-*her unusual name suggests that she may originally have been a Mitanni

Kiya is given the titles of "The Favorite" and "The Greatly Beloved," but never of
"Heiress" or "Great Royal Wife", which suggests that she was not of royal
Egyptian blood.

2-Some have speculated that the mummy known as The Younger Lady,
discovered in KV35, might be that of Kiya

DNA test results published in February 2010 have shown conclusively that the
Younger Lady mummy was the mother of Tutankhamun, and by extension a wife
of Akhenaten.The results also show that she was a full sister to her husband,
and that they were both the children of Amenhotep III and Queen Tiye. This
family relationship rules out the possibility that the Younger Lady was Kiya,
because no known artifact accords Kiya the title or attribute "god's daughter."

*her titles Great Beloved Wife (hemet mereryt at)

Martial: Alabaster (calcite) brought from Hetnub

Height: 38.3 cm

Discovery: Thebes, Valley of the Kings KV 55 by excavation of T.Davis directed by

Ayton in 1907
Dates back to: new kingdom 18 dynasty reign of king

Akhenaton 1365-1349 BC

Description: the Canopic jar was discovered with 3 mates in unfinished tomb at
the valley of the kings the tomb which the excavators attributed to queen Tiye
contained in fact gilded shrine belonging to Tiye and diverse Amarna funerary
objects brought together for the burial of a member of royal family after the
abandonment of tell el-Amrna one of four Canopic jars is now in the
metropolitan museum of art in New York

Since the inscriptions decorating the belly of these jars have been thoroughly
erased, the name of the original owner lost,

   -  The female royal head which forms the stopper of the jars considered as
      a master piece of Amrna art. it’s an elegant portrait full of feminine
      grace which marks the culmination of this artistic style now stripped of
      the deformed caricatures of its early phase
      -an elaborate wig which staged curls delicately frames the oval face on
      the front was one a head of Uraese whose body is carved upon the top of
      the wig the eyes and eyebrows are inlaid in blue glass quartz and
      obsidian a broad floral collar covers the queen shoulders
   1- Note: Some scholars assumed that the Canpoic jars belongs to the eldest
      daughter of Akhenaton Meritaten


Martial: Alabaster (calcite) brought from Hetnub

Discovery: discovered in the royal tomb at Tell-Amarna in 1932

Dates back to: new kingdom 18 dynasty reign of king

Akhenaton 1351-1334

These fragments of Canopic chest were discovered in the royal tomb of king
Akhenaton Tell-Amarna as several parts which collected and restored

*fragments contains cartouches

To top