Introduction to University Debating by HC120328103739


									 Introduction to
University Debating
     Structure of a Debate

• 2 Teams
 3 Speakers per side
 6 – 8 Minute Speeches
 30 Minute Prep Time
                  Who wins?
•The team that has persuaded the average
reasonable person (within the rules of the debate).

 The adjudicator should be objective and bring the
level of knowledge of an (above) average person.
 Speakers are scored out of 100 Points (40 for Manner,
40 for Matter, 20 for Method).
 The actual range is from 69 – 81, mean of 75.
 Scores follow a normal distribution in this range.
           Speaker Roles (Firsts)
                               First Affirmative
• CONTEXT: What has happened in the world that makes this debate worth
•DEFINITION: Define any ambiguous terms in the topic.
    •This does not require a dictionary!
    •Most topics don’t need a ‘definition’.
    •The context for the debate determines how ambiguous words are
• MODEL: What is your team proposing?
    • Simple, Clear, Effective (Hard v Soft)
• TEAM SPLIT: Tell the audience what your team will be talking about.
    • No third speakers!
           Speaker Roles (Firsts)
                               First Negative
• FIND THE CLASH: Flag your point of difference.
• REBUTTAL: Rebut the major points raised by the opposition.
• DEFINITION: Never, ever, ever run a definitional challenge.
    • Except when what they have said is 1. UNTRUE or 2. UTTERLY
    • eg. That ASEAN should protect Anwar.
•MODEL: 3 Choices
    • Run the status quo
    • Propose an alternative model
    • Deny the existence of the problem (hard).
•TEAM SPLIT: Tell the audience what your team will be talking about.
      Speaker Roles (Seconds)
                      Second Affirmative & Negative
   •Rebuild any important points
   •These do matter
         Speaker Roles (Thirds)
                           Thirds Aff and Neg
   • Find the important themes in the debate and structure your speech
   based on this.
   • No shopping lifts.
   • This is not a blow by blow recount of what your 1st and 2nd speakers
   • It’s a summary of the debate.
                Types of Debates
•Should Debates                    •Is Debates

 Normative                          Empirical
 Propose a course of action         Propose a test / definition to
 The vast majority of debates      give the debate parameters.
 Eg. That we should ban the sale    Propose a model unless to do so
of alcohol.                        would be ridiculous.
 That we would militarily           That sport is too
intervene in Zimbabwe.             commercialized.
                                   That laws banning S&M are bad
                                   for feminism.
                                    That ‘gay-borhoods’ are good
                                   for the gay movement.
• No palm cards
 Speak Clearly
 Eye contact
 Tactical Pause
 Vary your manner
 Be yourself

•Argument Construction
    - How?
    - Why?
 Examples & Analogies
 Case Construction

• Team Structure
 Individual Team Split
 Structure Rebuttal

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