Assessing the Industrial Design
Veronica Barnes & Vikki du Preez
Research and Innovation in Teaching and Learning Conference | Granger Bay | 7 December 2010.
• Research context: why look into this
• Influential factors: what has impacted on
• Methodology: how are we going to do it?
• Deliverables and Timeframe: what will be
produced, and when?
• What is ‘industrial design’?
• Role of critical thinking in the industrial
design profession and educational
[characteristics of critical thinkers]
• Uses evidence effectively
• Can organise and articulate thoughts
• Can logically discern between references
• Can anticipate results of different actions
• Can apply problem solving techniques in
[design process & design thinking]
• What is the ‘design process’ ?
• How does critical thinking relate to the
• What is design ‘thinking’?
Design process Design thinking IDEO
Context, calculation and Inspiration and
creative exploration ideation
Based Gen-Y Students
The Test Results
[studio based education]
• What is ‘studio based education’ ?
• Where did it develop?
• What are the benefits?
[studio based education]
“Like other types of pedagogies, design
studio pedagogy conveys, conserves, and
transmits the values of design professions
and society at large”
(Salama & Wilkinson, 2007:3).
[problem based learning]
• What is ‘problem based learning’ ?
• What is the theoretical underpinning?
• What are the benefits?
[preliminary test results]
• Ennis-Weir Essay Test
• How does the test work?
Ennis-Weir Essay Writing Test
Test is out of 29 marks
Tested 9 students.
Average result = 9.6
Standard deviation = 4.9
[generation Y students]
• What are the general characteristics of
generation Y students?
• How does this impact on design
The Revised Project
The Design Process
Learning to Think
• To address students needs and actively include them in
the research activities
Need • To use findings in a practical way to affect positive change
in the learning environment.
• Action Research
• Participatory Action Research
[Major Research Activity 2011]
[Public Transport Project] Industrial Design II
Define the stages of analysis and design in
relation to various modes of thinking.
Qualitative Data Collection Methods: Workshops,
Discussions and Reflective Journaling
Deliverables & Timeframe
 Basic outline of project and
background study which is documented
in the RITAL proceedings
 Pilot testing and research which
is documented in a journal article.
 Adapted teaching techniques
and resources, developed through
findings, presented as journal article.
Preliminary Project Bibliography
Avison, D., Lau, F., Myers, M. and Nielsen, P. A. 1999. Action Research. Communications of the ACM. 42 (1): 94 - 96
Bradbury, H. and Reason, P. (eds). 2001. Handbook of Action Research: Participative Inquiry and Practice. London: Sage Publishers
Brown, T and Wyatt, J. 2010. Design Thinking for Social Innovation IDEO. Special Report. [Online]. Available: http://siteresources.worldbank.org/WBI/Resources/213798-
278955272198/Design_Thinking _for_SocialInnovation2.pdf [1 Aug 2010]
Burnette, C. 2005. What is Design Thinking? Seven Ways of Design Thinking: A Teaching Resource. [Online]. Available: http://www.idesignthinking.com/01whyteach/
01whyteach.html [17 Jul 2007]
Burnette, C. 2005b. Design Thinking and Other Disciplines. Seven Ways of Design Thinking: A Teaching Resource. [Online]. Available: http://www.idesignthinking.com
/01whyteach/02whyteach.html [17 Jul 2007]
CPUT 2008. National Diploma Three Dimensional Design. Cape Peninsula University of Technology. [Online] Available: http://info.cput.ac.za/prospectus/qual.php?q=237&f=4 . [15
Doyle, T. 2008. Helping Students Learn in a Learner Centred Environment. Virginia: Stylus Publishing
Duggen, F. 2004. The Changing Nature of the Studio as an Educational Setting. CEBE Transactions. 1 (2): 70 - 76
Du Preez, V. 2009. [Notes from a conversation with Z. Strohbach on 14 August 2009]. Cape Town. (Unpublished).
Ennis, R.H. 1999. An Annotated List of Critical Thinking Tests. Critical Thinking.net. [Online]. Available: http://www.criticalthinking.net/CTTestList1199.html [23 November 2010]
Ennis, R.H. 2005. Supplement to the Test/ Manual Entitles The Ennis-Weir Critical Thinking Essay Test. University of Illinois. [Online]. Available:
http://faculty.ed.uiuc.edu/rhennis/supplewmanual1105.htm [25 November 2010]
Gaventa, J. 1988. Participatory research in North America. Convergence. 21: 19-27
Golec, P. 2004. Feedback. Economic Web Institute. [Online]. Available: http://www.economicswebinstitute.org/glossary/feedback.htm [1 Jul 2010]
Hendrix, D., Myneni, L., Narayanan, H. and Ross, M. 2010. Implementing Studio-Based Learning in CS2. In Proceedings of the 41st ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science
Education (SIGCSE 2010),10-13 March 2010, Milwaukee. [Online]. Available: http://iis.cse.eng.auburn.edu/ ~sbl/presentations/SBLCS2.Auburn.SIGCSE2010.pdf [5 Apr 2010]
ICSID 2008. Definition of Design. About US [Online]. Available: http://www.icsid.org/about/about/articles31.htm?query_page=1 [10 January 2008]
Kline, N. 1999. Time to Think: Listening to ignite the human mind. London: Cassell Illustrated.
Laird, T.F.N. 2005. College Students’ Experiences with diversity and their effects on Academic Self Confidence, social agency and disposition towards Critical thinking. Research in
Higher Education, Vol 46: 4 (365 – 387).
Middleton, H. 2005. Creative Thinking, Values and Design and Technology Education. International Journal of Technology and Design Education. Vol 15 (61 – 71).
Mitchell, T. 2007. The Importance of Design Studio Instruction. Tom Mitchell’s Design Blog. [Online]. Available: http://tommitchellsdesignblog.blogspot.com/2007/01/importance-of-
design-studio-instruction.html [4 Apr 2010]
Owen, C.L. 2007. Design Thinking: Notes on its Nature and Use. Design Research Quarterly. 2 (1) 16-27.
Penzhorn, C. 2002. The Use of Participatory Research as an Alternative Approach for Information Needs Research. Aslib Proceedings. 54 (4): 240-250
Salama, A. M. A. and Wilkinson, N. 2007. Design Studio Pedagogy: Horizons for the Future. United Kingdom: The Urban International Press
Schafersman, S. 1991. An Introduction to Critical thinking.
Small, S. A. and Uttal, L. 2005. Action-Oriented Research: Strategies for Engaged Scholarship. Journal of Marriage and Family. 67( 4): 936-948
Taube, K. T. 1993. [Critical thinking ability and disposition as factors of performance on a written critical thinking test]. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Purdue University.
UniSA 2010. Making Use of Design Critiques. Learning and Teaching Unit. [Online]. Available: http://www.unisa.edu.au/ltu/students/study/specific/designcritique.asp [10 Dec 2009]