Prometheus the rebel

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					1623
Dirck van Barburen   Prometheus Being Chained


                       1. Oil on canvas
                         202x184 cm,
                         Amsterdam


                       2. Lifesize figures:
                         contrasts of light and
                         shade, dramatic
                         expressions, unidealized
                         people: ordinary people as
                         models: working men and
                         women
                       3. An auction in 1707:
                         sold with Adam and Eve
Bound
Prometheus: the rebel (promethean)




   Zeus’s rewards

    To populate the earth with
     creatures and humans
Prometheus: the rebel (promethean)


Epimetheus                      Prometheus
(afterthought)                  (forethought)

  Animals                       Humans (superior)
 strength, speed, ability to   Clay and water: like gods
  fly, to stay warm, to
  possess a keen sense of       Athena: soul
  smell, to live underwater….   Made Man stand upright like
                                the gods: noble & conscious


                                Taught Man useful arts
Wise Prometheus

  Tricked offerings (an    Separated spheres
   ox): two piles            between gods and
                             humans


                            bones (immortal)
    fat and bones
                            meat (mortal)
    stomach and meat
 Zeus’s Revenge


Took away    fire and corns



Prometheus’ trick
  a giant fennel-stalk        fire
Zeus’s Revenge

Bound Prometheus
on Mount Caucasus


           Torment


           Briton Riviere
           1889
torment

Repeated ordeal

                  liver
eagle
Secret potential usurper
1640
Prometheus Bound
Jacob Jordaens
Christ-like face




The Torture of
Prometheus,
Gustave Moreau,
1868
       Prometheus Unbound
1. Two conditions:
    A. an immortal to give up his life for him
    B. a mortal to slay the liver-eating eagle


2. Chiron (half man/horse)
    A. Shot by Hercules’ poisoned arrows
    B. Volunteered to die: being an immortal


3. Io: Nile: 13 generations: Hercules: the world’s greatest hero
   
          Hercules
unbound
Prometheus reconciled with Zeus

  1. Rejoined at the home of the gods

  2. Thetis: sea nymph
    Her son: mightier than his father
    Married to a mortal named Peleus: Achilles
   Questions:

1. Why did Zeus refuse to give
  fire to Men?


2. What does it symbolize?
 火的象徵意義?

				
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posted:3/28/2012
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