1623 Dirck van Barburen Prometheus Being Chained 1. Oil on canvas 202x184 cm, Amsterdam 2. Lifesize figures: contrasts of light and shade, dramatic expressions, unidealized people: ordinary people as models: working men and women 3. An auction in 1707: sold with Adam and Eve Bound Prometheus: the rebel (promethean) Zeus’s rewards To populate the earth with creatures and humans Prometheus: the rebel (promethean) Epimetheus Prometheus (afterthought) (forethought) Animals Humans (superior) strength, speed, ability to Clay and water: like gods fly, to stay warm, to possess a keen sense of Athena: soul smell, to live underwater…. Made Man stand upright like the gods: noble & conscious Taught Man useful arts Wise Prometheus Tricked offerings (an Separated spheres ox): two piles between gods and humans bones (immortal) fat and bones meat (mortal) stomach and meat Zeus’s Revenge Took away fire and corns Prometheus’ trick a giant fennel-stalk fire Zeus’s Revenge Bound Prometheus on Mount Caucasus Torment Briton Riviere 1889 torment Repeated ordeal liver eagle Secret potential usurper 1640 Prometheus Bound Jacob Jordaens Christ-like face The Torture of Prometheus, Gustave Moreau, 1868 Prometheus Unbound 1. Two conditions: A. an immortal to give up his life for him B. a mortal to slay the liver-eating eagle 2. Chiron (half man/horse) A. Shot by Hercules’ poisoned arrows B. Volunteered to die: being an immortal 3. Io: Nile: 13 generations: Hercules: the world’s greatest hero Hercules unbound Prometheus reconciled with Zeus 1. Rejoined at the home of the gods 2. Thetis: sea nymph Her son: mightier than his father Married to a mortal named Peleus: Achilles Questions: 1. Why did Zeus refuse to give fire to Men? 2. What does it symbolize? 火的象徵意義?
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