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Characteristics of Human Language

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									                            Characteristics of Human Language


Some understanding of the language of the above authors can draw the conclusion, that
there is some similarity of the language definition. This similarity is characteristic of /
characters in all languages used by humans. This is a common character trait that can be
found in every language, including:

   1. Language as a System
      Said system is already commonly used in everyday life which is defined as a regular
      arrangement to form an overall pattern that is meaningful or functional. The system is
      formed by a number of elements or components that relate to each other functionally.
      Language consists of elements or konponen that regularly arranged according to
      certain patterns and form a unity.
      Associated with the characteristics of the system, language is a systematic and
      systemic. Language is systematic because it follows the rule or rules of order.
      Language also is systemic because of the language itself is a system or subsystems.
      For instance, subsystems phonology, morphology syntax, semantics and the lexicon.
   2. Language as a Symbol
      The word symbol is often paired with the symbol with the same sense. Symbol is one
      of the signs that are arbitrary and conventional. Thus, based on this sense the
      symbol is the equivalent of Saussure's notion of the sign. According to Saussure the
      sign is arbitrary. When the language is first started there, when the first word (sign /
      symbol) took effect, sound or any sound sequence (Saussure called the signifier /
      marker) was chosen to express any concept (Saussure calls the signified / marked).
      Evidence of the arbitrariness of it is that when different languages began to exist,
      these languages develop different signs, as well as using the signifier and signified
      different.
      In the previous discussion the authors mention that each symbol represents
      something called the language of meaning or concept. For example, the symbol of
      the language which reads [kursiy] represents the concept or the meaning of "an
      object that serves as a seat, usually with four legs and have a rest" and the symbol of
      the language, which reads [qolam] represents the concept or the meaning of "an
      object with a pointed end and inked function to write ".
   3. Language is sound
      Is technically sound impression on the nerves as a result of vibration of the eardrum
      reacts due to changes in air pressure. And that is the sound of the language are
      sounds generated by the tool man said. However, not all of the sound produced by
      said instrument the person, including the sounds of language. Shouting, sneezing,
      coughing, snoring, although generated by the tool man said not including the sounds
      of language because it can not be combined with other sounds to convey a message.
      While the definition of the sounds of language here is a unit of the sound produced
      by the tool man said as observed in the phonetic and the phonemic fon as a
      phoneme.
   4. Language is Meaningful
      As discussed earlier, language is a symbol of a sound system. As a symbol of course
      there is the symbolism. So, which is symbolized is a concept that contains the
      concept and idea or meaning to be conveyed in the form of sound. Coat the sounds
    of language that is meaningful in the language of the units in the form of language
    morphemes, words, phrases, clauses, sentences, and discourse. Because the
    language is meaningful, then it forms a non-significant sound in any language, not
    language, because language is a function of the message, concept, idea or thought.
5. Language is arbitrary
    The meaning here is the absence of arbitrary obligatory relationship between the
    tangible symbol of the language sounds (marker) with the concept or definition
    contained by the symbol (sign). We can not explain why the symbol of the language
    which reads [qolam] represents the concept or the meaning of "an object with a
    pointed end and inked a function to write". Why not with [lamqo] or [malqo].
    If there is a relationship between markers of the marker must, of symbols in Arabic
    that reads qolam, qolam also be called by the people of Indonesia is not a pen, as
    well as the English would still call qolam not a pen.
6. Conventional language
    In addition to arbitrary languages is also conventional, meaning that all the languages
    that comply with the convention that a particular symbol is used to mark each
    concept ditandainya. If an object with a pointed end and inked a function denoted by
    the pen to write, then all the Indonesian people must obey.
    So if kearbitreran language lies in the relationship between the symbols of sound with
    the concept that it represents, then it lies in the adherence kekonvensionalan
    language speakers of the language to use that symbol in accordance with the
    concept it represents.
7. Productive language
    Language is said to be productive because of the limited components, to produce
    units that the sums are infinite. With a total number of letters hijaiyyah 29, can be
    words, phrases, clauses, sentences and an infinite number of discourses.
8. Unique language
    Each language has its own uniqueness, artnya has a characteristic not shared by
    other languages. For example, in Arabic syakal differences can cause differences in
    meaning. For example fa'ala words that show an active verb with the word fu'ila
    indicating passive verb.
9. Universal language
    Because the language of speech, then the universal characteristic of the most
    common language is the language that has the sounds of language consisting of
    vowels and consonants. Indonesian has 6 vowels and 22 consonants fruit, while
    Arabic has three pieces of short vowels and 3 long vowels and consonants 28
    pieces, 16 pieces memililiki English vowels including diphthongs and 24 consonants.
10. Dynamic language
    Attachment and association with human language is always changing, causing the
    language is also changing and not static, because that language is called dynamic.
    The most obvious change, and most common in areas of the lexicon and semantics.
11. Varies language
    Members of the public of a language usually consists of various social status and
    backgrounds. Due to these differences in the language they used was to be varied.
    Variations in this language there are three terms you need to know, namely idiolek,
    dialect, and variety. Idiolek is the hallmark of a language that is owned by individuals.
    Dialect is a variation digunaan by a group of community members at a place and a
    time. Vaariasi language diversity is the language used in situations, circumstances,
    or specific purposes.
12. Human language
    Said to be humane because the only language used and owned by humans. If there
    are some animals that understands human language, it is limited to a habit or
    practice that is given to the beast.

								
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