Anticipation Guide for Ch. 5 - Making Thinking Visible: Talk and Argument
In Ready, Set, Science!
Pre- and During Reading: Prior to reading Ch. 5, mark “agree” or “disagree” by each
statement. As you read, note support or refutations for the statement in the chapter and
summarize these in the space provided below the statement. Include page numbers
along with the summary.
_____ _____ 1. Effective science teaching and learning must include
communication and collaboration, which require both spoken
and written representations of the world.
_____ _____ 2. In order to process, make sense of, and learn from their ideas,
observations, and experiences, students must talk about them.
_____ _____ 3. I-R-E (teacher Initiation, student Response, teacher Evaluation)
works well in assisting students with complex reasoning, elicting
claims with evidence, and getting students to justify their ideas.
_____ _____ 4. Instruction that supports productive scientific discussion is
difficult to enact.
_____ _____ 5. In most effective classroom talk, the teacher’s role is to help
students explicate their positions as clearly and cogently as
possible, not indicating, even subtly, how close to the “right”
answer the student may be.
_____ _____ 6. In order to overcome cultural and linguistic differences in
students, teachers should treat them as if they were highly
intelligent foreign diplomats.
_____ _____ 7. One strategy that helps to ensure productive classroom
discourse is to develop a set of classroom norms.
_____ _____ 8. Equitable participation means that every student must
participate in every conversation.
Reflect on the discourse patterns in your classroom.
Identify 1-3 strategies that you use to promote productive discourse and
argumentation in order to help students process their thinking about scientific
Identify 1-3 strategies provided in chapter 5 that might be useful for promoting
productive discourse and argumentation in your classroom.
If students are not taught how nor given the opportunity to talk about and argue
about their current understanding, what might be some implications for student