CITE IT! What is “Citing”? • Whenever you add someone else’s idea to your piece of work, you must RECOGNIZE that person’s contributions! • Why? Plagiarism • Plagiarism means: "to steal and pass off (the ideas and words of another) as one's own“ (http://www.wisc.edu/writing/Handb ook/QuotingSources.html) • Do not take credit for words that are not your own! How Do I Give Others Their Credit? • Did someone else really say it better? PARAPHRASE or QUOTE them! • What is the difference between paraphrasing and quoting? Paraphrasing • A paraphrase is a SUMMARY of what someone else has said. • Example: “Mr. Smith said that he thinks monkeys are the coolest animals.” How Do I Paraphrase? • If you like someone else’s point, try to summarize what that person has said. • Look away from the source and try to put it into your own words. • BUT, be careful to give that person his or her credit! Quoting • A quote is an exact copy of what someone else has already said. • For example: “Mr. Smith said, ‘Monkeys are by far the most interesting species to me.” • How does that differ from Mr. Smith’s paraphrased idea before? How Do I Quote? • Quoting is easy! You just have to write down exactly what the other person said – WORD FOR WORD. • Signal that a quote is coming: – Use the author’s name, OR – Name the piece of work you are quoting How Do I Decide Between Paraphrasing and Quoting? • Use direct quotes SPARINGLY – your audience wants to hear what YOU have to say! • Use direct quotes only when you absolutely could not have said it better yourself. • Try not to rely on the ideas of others—use their ideas to draw your OWN conclusions and ideas! Bibliography • “Quoting and Paraphrasing Sources.” The Writing Center. 2006. University of Madison-Wisconsin. 28 February 2008. <http://www.wisc.edu/writing/Handb ook/QuotingSources.html>.
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