Source of the word ‘Hindu’?
Sindhu? Indu Mahasagar? Him-Dhu?
What is Hinduism?
The term was used by the Christian missionaries. To
them it was a strange tribalism and because
Christianity was the only ‘religion’ to them, any other
ideas had to be an ‘ism’ so the called it Hindu-ism.
Sanatana Dharma, Vedic Dharma, Brahminism or
Brahminical Dharma or Just Dharma
For thousands of years of experimentation
in all possible fields of human domain are
being done by the people of Bharat (indian
Bharat has a heritage that has developed a
great spiritual culture, great traditions,
unmatched artistic achievements, and
grand social, economic, political, health
and educational systems from which all
nations have learned.
Hindu history is written with immense
contribution to the world in the field of
science, math, language and a glorious
history of heroic valor without attacking
others. But the most important is its
knowledge of the Self and the universe in
its Vedic and Vedantic treasure houses. All
of these are part of what is called
How the universe, a society, a system or a
being is sustained depends upon certain
principles and laws. The eternal and
unchanging rules of being, becoming and
sustaining, the order that holds things
together is literally Sanatana (eternal)
Dharma (sustaining principles).
Dharma is a Sanskrit term, which literally
means ‘that which holds together’ or ‘sustains
the natural order of things’.
It refers to the universal principles and laws,
duties and righteousness, which bring about
peace, harmony and progress.
According to Dharma, religion is one of
innumerable possible paths towards
It includes morality, ethics & justice
"Dharmo hi paramo loke Dharme satyam
Dharma is supreme in the world, and truth is
based on Dharma – The Ramayana
“Dharma is that through which abhyudayaa
(welfare & prosperity) and Nihsreyasa
(Spiritual Greatness) are
attained." - Vaisheshika Sutra
'Yatha Dharma tatha jaya' - Mahabharat:
Literal meaning is "Victory Is There, Where
Dharma Is'.. we can modernize and say:
'Dharma or righteous actions in tune to the
truth brings success and victory'. 'jaya'
means victory, glory, success etc.
Stephen Covey (Author of the international
best selling book: The 7 habits of highly
effective people): '...principles that govern
human growth and happiness - natural laws..'
'Dharmo rakshati rakshitah': literal meaning
is ‘dharma protects the protector of Dharma’.
We can also say: 'One who follows the path of
Dharma will always be
'What is your Dharma now/today/this
'Understand Dharma - Find your path'
"Dharanat dharmam ityahu dharmo dharayate
praajah Yah svadharansamyuktah sa Dharma
The word Dharma is derived from dharana or
sustenance; Dharma sustains society; that
which has capacity to sustain, is indeed
-Mahabharat, Karnaparva, 69,59.
"Dharmadartha prabhavate Dharmat
prabhavate sukham Dharmena labhate savam
From Dharma arises wealth, Dharma is the
source of happiness, through Dharma we
attain everything, Dharma is the essence of
the world. " - Ramayana (III.9.30)
"Vatthu Sahavo Dhammo"
Dharma is nothing but the real nature of an
object. Just as the nature of fire is to burn
and the nature of water is to produce a
cooling effect, in the same manner, the
essential nature of the soul is to seek self-
realization and spiritual elevation. -
Mahavir Swami, Jain Tirthankar
“Taji sabh bharam bhajio paarbrahm. Kahu
Nanak attal ih Dharma”
Renounce all your doubts, and ponder upon
the Supreme Lord. Says Nanak, this is the
eternal Dharma - Guru Nanak, founder of
Taoism: Tao is an emblem, meaning order,
the whole, responsibility, efficiency. It is the
Responsible Efficient, Total Order, creations
as a whole, the whole of what is, multiplicity..
this is from a web-site, not anybody's quote,
yet very close to the definition of Dharma.
Dharma as virtues:
“Dhritih kshama damosteyang
Dhirvidya satyamakrodho dashakam
Fortitude, forbearance, self restraint, non-
stealing, purity, control of senses,
discrimination (good and bad), wisdom,
truthfulness and sense of anger are the ten
characteristics of Dharma
Dharma as virtues
Ahimsa satyamakrodho danaametat
Ajatoshatro sevasva esa Dharma sanatana.
:Same as previous(Manusmriti) with the 11th
virtue Ahimsa added.
“Dhamma means (a) the state of nature
as it is, (b) the laws of nature, (c) the
duties that must be performed in
accordance with the laws of nature, and
(d) the results that are derived from the
fulfillment of such duties.”
"Twofold is the Vedic Dharma: Of the nature
of advancement in the world of action and
achievement (pravrttilaksana) and withdrawal
or turning inward into the world of Spirit and
Freedom (Nivrtti-laksana), both of which are
the necessary means and counterparts of the
world, leading directly to the attainment of
secular welfare and prosperity (abhyudaya)
and Spiritual Good (nihsreyasa) of all beings."
- Acharya Sankara (Introduction to his
commentary on Geeta).
"Religion (Dharma) has made man what he is,
and will make of this human animal a God.
That is what religion can do. Take religion
from human society and what will remain?
Nothing but a forest of brutes." - Swami
Note: Vivekananda used the word ‘Dharma’ and
was later translated to ‘religion’.
"...is the manifestation of divinity already in
man. It is being and becoming, not hearing
and acknowledging." - Swami Vivekananda.
DHARMA <=> Sustenance, growth, evolution
The knowledge and systems are not based
on ‘beliefs’ but through experiments and
experiences over thousands of years.
It is super-scientific
Modern science relies only on physical and
Dharma is based on physical, emotional,
intellectual and intuitive experiences and