bri by dandanhuanghuang


									                                                                                               September 2011

                                             CIB Recognised Journal

                                Building Research & Information

     Special Issue: Motivating Stakeholders to Deliver Environmental Change

                                          Guest Editor: Raymond J. Cole
                                                  Volume 39, Number 5

This special issue of Building Research & Information is      translate into political, institutional, and professional
framed around ways of motivating stakeholders                 priorities and actions. However, a number of common
directly and indirectly involved with the production and      issues were also evident during the presentations and
operation of buildings to engage collectively in              breakout sessions, including the importance of
delivering positive change in environmental                   developing comprehensive, context-specific
performance. There is increasing recognition that             approaches and ‘listening’ to a multitude of
technological solutions, economic/business arguments          perspectives and interests or concerns.
based on benefits and appropriate governance                  These sentiments are equally evidenced throughout
solutions are often insufficient to deliver this change. A    the papers within this special issue.
missing catalyst is the social and organizational
interplay amongst and between different stakeholders.         By way of example, the paper by Yuko Nishida and
In particular, there is a need to orchestrate the             Ying Hua describes the Tokyo so-called cap-and-trade
complex array of stakeholders and to understand each          programme. The buildings sector has proved difficult
other’s particular motivations and drivers. While the         to regulate in terms of reducing CO2, but the scheme
idea for the special issue was explored in one of four        described is a demonstration that effective governance
workshops held at the 3rd International Holcim Forum,         (cap-and-trade) is possible. The article explores the
‘Re-Inventing Construction’, in Mexico City, 14–17            method by which a collectively agreed cap-and-trade
April 2010, the need stems from the concern regarding         programme can be implemented to successfully cut
the urgency associated with addressing climate change         building based emissions. This ingenious approach
and global environmental degradation. The workshop            addresses the diverse, complex and fragmented value
involved presentations and participants from both             chain in the building sector. Tokyo launched its
developed and developing countries and revealed the           emissions trading programme in April 2010 capping
stark differences in the type and scale of                    1,300 buildings with the highest emissions and making
environmental issues they face and how these                  it the world's first mandatory cap-and-trade scheme
CIB Information Bulletin

for buildings. Under the plan, large-scale facilities must   CIB Encouraged Journals
cut their emissions from base year levels between
2010 and 2014. Office buildings face an 8% target and        To find out more about the complete list of CIB
factories are subject to a 6% goal. The cap for the          Encouraged and Recognised Journals, and details
second period (2015–2019) is currently set as a 17%          about each journal, click here.
reduction, although this cap is not yet finalized.
The programme design and implementation process              BRI is one of two journals that have the distinction of
have significant lessons to teach policy makers all over     being CIB Recognised Journals.
the world:
      The Tokyo Cap-and-Trade Programme (TCTP)
       has managed to bring together disparate
       stakeholders from developers, owners, tenants
       etc and have them work together to cut CO2
       emissions in buildings.
      TCTP shows how significant consultation process
       delivered flexibility to ensure that stakeholders
       see the Programme as fair. This is critical for
       buy-in from a broad range of stakeholders.
      TCTP allows participants to pick their own range
       of years as a baseline for reductions - which
       does not penalize buildings that are already
       energy efficient.
      Mandatory reporting of emissions data is an
       important prerequisite. Only once the municipal
       government has some idea of the city’s
       emissions and the profiles on individual
       buildings, can it work on developing a
       programme to address rising emissions.
      Simplicity of approach also supports a
       perception of fairness. While there are many
       aspects to the efficiency of a building and its
       emissions, TCTP is based on energy
       consumption, which allows different types of
       buildings, and their emissions, to be assessed on
       a like for like basis. It is also possible to buy
       credits from other participants in the scheme, or
       to use renewable energy certificates for offsets.

The approach taken by the Tokyo Metropolitan
Government could provide a model for other
municipalities to address the challenge of cutting
emissions from buildings.

Free Download

Contributions by Guest Editor Raymond Cole, and the
paper by Yuko Nishida and Ying Hua are downloadable
free from the Special Issue online.

To find this Special Issue online see here, Building
Research & Information, Volume 39, Number 5
(September 2011).

Info Section:                                                                                    CIB Recognised Journal
CIB Area of Scientific Interest:                                                     Buildings and the Built Environment
CIB Theme:                                                                                      Sustainable Construction
Page 2 of 2                                                                                                   13-09-2011

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