CIB Recognised Journal
Building Research & Information
Special Issue: Motivating Stakeholders to Deliver Environmental Change
Guest Editor: Raymond J. Cole
Volume 39, Number 5
This special issue of Building Research & Information is translate into political, institutional, and professional
framed around ways of motivating stakeholders priorities and actions. However, a number of common
directly and indirectly involved with the production and issues were also evident during the presentations and
operation of buildings to engage collectively in breakout sessions, including the importance of
delivering positive change in environmental developing comprehensive, context-specific
performance. There is increasing recognition that approaches and ‘listening’ to a multitude of
technological solutions, economic/business arguments perspectives and interests or concerns.
based on benefits and appropriate governance These sentiments are equally evidenced throughout
solutions are often insufficient to deliver this change. A the papers within this special issue.
missing catalyst is the social and organizational
interplay amongst and between different stakeholders. By way of example, the paper by Yuko Nishida and
In particular, there is a need to orchestrate the Ying Hua describes the Tokyo so-called cap-and-trade
complex array of stakeholders and to understand each programme. The buildings sector has proved difficult
other’s particular motivations and drivers. While the to regulate in terms of reducing CO2, but the scheme
idea for the special issue was explored in one of four described is a demonstration that effective governance
workshops held at the 3rd International Holcim Forum, (cap-and-trade) is possible. The article explores the
‘Re-Inventing Construction’, in Mexico City, 14–17 method by which a collectively agreed cap-and-trade
April 2010, the need stems from the concern regarding programme can be implemented to successfully cut
the urgency associated with addressing climate change building based emissions. This ingenious approach
and global environmental degradation. The workshop addresses the diverse, complex and fragmented value
involved presentations and participants from both chain in the building sector. Tokyo launched its
developed and developing countries and revealed the emissions trading programme in April 2010 capping
stark differences in the type and scale of 1,300 buildings with the highest emissions and making
environmental issues they face and how these it the world's first mandatory cap-and-trade scheme
CIB Information Bulletin
for buildings. Under the plan, large-scale facilities must CIB Encouraged Journals
cut their emissions from base year levels between
2010 and 2014. Office buildings face an 8% target and To find out more about the complete list of CIB
factories are subject to a 6% goal. The cap for the Encouraged and Recognised Journals, and details
second period (2015–2019) is currently set as a 17% about each journal, click here.
reduction, although this cap is not yet finalized.
The programme design and implementation process BRI is one of two journals that have the distinction of
have significant lessons to teach policy makers all over being CIB Recognised Journals.
The Tokyo Cap-and-Trade Programme (TCTP)
has managed to bring together disparate
stakeholders from developers, owners, tenants
etc and have them work together to cut CO2
emissions in buildings.
TCTP shows how significant consultation process
delivered flexibility to ensure that stakeholders
see the Programme as fair. This is critical for
buy-in from a broad range of stakeholders.
TCTP allows participants to pick their own range
of years as a baseline for reductions - which
does not penalize buildings that are already
Mandatory reporting of emissions data is an
important prerequisite. Only once the municipal
government has some idea of the city’s
emissions and the profiles on individual
buildings, can it work on developing a
programme to address rising emissions.
Simplicity of approach also supports a
perception of fairness. While there are many
aspects to the efficiency of a building and its
emissions, TCTP is based on energy
consumption, which allows different types of
buildings, and their emissions, to be assessed on
a like for like basis. It is also possible to buy
credits from other participants in the scheme, or
to use renewable energy certificates for offsets.
The approach taken by the Tokyo Metropolitan
Government could provide a model for other
municipalities to address the challenge of cutting
emissions from buildings.
Contributions by Guest Editor Raymond Cole, and the
paper by Yuko Nishida and Ying Hua are downloadable
free from the Special Issue online.
To find this Special Issue online see here, Building
Research & Information, Volume 39, Number 5
Info Section: CIB Recognised Journal
CIB Area of Scientific Interest: Buildings and the Built Environment
CIB Theme: Sustainable Construction
Page 2 of 2 13-09-2011