Emergencies01.ppt - kearnsdrivered by yaohongm


									Utah Driver Education and Training

Strategies for Emergencies
            Standards and Benchmarks
1. Laws and Highway System
      a. know the laws outlined in the Utah Driver's manual
      b. understand the laws outlined in the Utah Driver's manual
      c. consistently demonstrate knowledge and understanding by responsible adherence to highway transportation system traffic laws and control
2. Responsibility
      a.   recognize the importance of making safe and responsible decisions for owning and operating a vehicle
      b.   demonstrate the ability to make appropriate decisions while operating a motor vehicle
      c.   consistently display respect for other users of the highway transportation system
      d.   develop habits and attitudes with regard to responsible driving
3. Visual Skills
      a.   know proper visual skills for operating a motor vehicle
      b.   communicate and explain proper visual skills for operating a motor vehicle
      c.   demonstrate the use of proper visual skills for operating a motor vehicle
      d.   develop habits and attitudes with regard to proper visual skills
4. Vehicle Control
      a. demonstrate smooth, safe and efficient operation of a motor vehicle
      b. develop habits and attitudes relative to safe, efficient and smooth vehicle operation.
5. Communication
      a. consistently communicate their driving intentions (i.e., use of lights, vehicle and personal signals)
      b. adjust their driver behavior based on observation of highway transportation system and other users
      c. adjust communication (i.e., use of lights, vehicle and personal signals) based on observation of highway transportation system and other users
      d. develop habits and attitudes relative to effective communication
6. Risk Management
      a. understand driver risk-management principles
      b. demonstrate driver risk-management strategies
      c. develop driver risk-management habits and attitudes
7. Lifelong Learning
      c. understand benefits of a lifelong learning approach to driving
      e. identify opportunities for lifelong education in driving
             Vehicle Malfunctions
• Sometimes, even the best maintained vehicle will
• The best way to be prepared for a possible malfunction
   – Prevention through good vehicle maintenance
   – Detecting symptoms of malfunctions
   – Knowing how to take corrective actions when needed
• Handling a vehicle emergency requires the driver to be
  securely seated in the driver’s seat ─ always buckle up
• Maintain a good driving posture when driving
• Keep hands in a balanced position on the steering wheel
      Dashboard Warning Lights
There are three major warning lights that monitor the

1. Engine oil pressure

2. Engine coolant temperature

3. Vehicle charging system
• A few days ago I was having some work done at my local garage. A
  blonde came in and asked for a seven-hundred- ten.
  We all looked at each other and another customer asked, 'What is a
  seven-hundred- ten?'
  She replied, 'You know, the little piece in the middle of the engine, I
  have lost it and need a new one..'
  She replied that she did not know exactly what it was, but this piece
  had always been there.
   The mechanic gave her a piece of paper and a pen and asked her
  to draw what the piece looked like.
  She drew a circle and in the middle of it wrote 710. He then took
  her over to another car which had its hood up and asked 'is there
  a 710 on this car?'
  She pointed and said, 'Of course, its right there.'
  If you're not sure what a 710 is
         Dashboard Warning Lights
• When the ignition key is first turned to
  the ON position, all of the vehicle's
  warning lights should illuminate
• The "big three" lights typically remain on
  until the engine is started and running
• Once the engine is running, all the
  warning lights should go out within a few
• They let the driver know if the vehicle is
  performing properly and alert the driver
  to a variety of potential problems
• Warning lights are generally red in color
          Dashboard Warning Lights

• Alert lights are different from warning lights
• Alert lights shine when the engine is started and tell the driver the
  computer monitored system has checked certain functions
• Alert lights are generally amber in color
• Alert lights go off after a few seconds, however, if an alert light
  stays on or turns on during driving, it indicates a problem with the
  system that needs mechanical            attention
    Sudden Tire Deflation (Blowout)
• The term "blowout" describes a bursting tire
  accompanied by a rapid loss of air pressure
• What a driver does following a blowout can
  make the difference between a simple
  inconvenience or a serious incident
• A blowout can occur in a quarter of a second
• Steering with one hand is dangerous ─ if
  anything happens that causes the wheel to
  jerk, the driver will not have control and a
  crash can occur quickly
    Sudden Tire Deflation (Blowout)
• Tire blowouts are usually the
  result of overloading the
• Impact damage (either
  immediate or delayed
  depending on severity of the
• A massive cut that causes
  rapid air loss
• An unnoticed small puncture
  that allows the tire to slowly      • No matter which tire blows
  lose air over time until it fails     out — front or back — the
                                        do’s and don’t’s for safely
                                        maintaining control of a
                                        vehicle are exactly the same
•   Yesterday I had a flat tire on the interstate. So I ease my car over
•   >> to the shoulder of the road, carefully get out of the car and open
•   >> the trunk. I took out 2 cardboard men, unfolded them and stood them
•   >> at the rear of my car facing oncoming traffic. They look so life like
•   >> you wouldn't believe! They are in trench coats exposing their
•   >> undressed bodies and private parts to the approaching drivers. But to
•   >> my surprise, cars start slowing down looking at my lifelike men. And
•   >> of course, traffic starts backing up. Everybody is tooting their
•   >> horns and waving like crazy. It wasn't long before a state trooper
•   >> pulls up behind me. He gets out of his car and starts walking towards
•   >> me. I could tell he was not a happy camper!
•   >> 'What's going on here?' he asks. 'My car has a flat tire', I said
•   >> calmly. 'Well, what are those obscene cardboard men doing
•   >> here by the road?' I couldn't believe that he didn't know. So I told
•   >> him, 'Helloooooo, those are my emergency flashers!
    Sudden Tire Deflation (Blowout)
In any blowout situation, it’s most important to remember the two
things a driver should NOT do:
 1. Do not step on the brake
    As instinctive as it may be, it’s the worst mistake a driver can
    make in any tire blowout situation─applying the brakes will
 cause an even greater imbalance on the vehicle’s stability
 2. Do not abruptly release the foot from the accelerator
    This is the second worst mistake a driver can make because
 rapidly releasing the accelerator causes the vehicle to transfer
 more of its weight from the rear tires to the front tires
        With a flat tire, this can lead to loss of control of the vehicle
           Front or Rear Blowout?
• If a front tire blows out - a catastrophic failure ─ the
  vehicle will tend to pull toward the left or right,
  depending on which side has the bad tire
• If a rear tire blows out (particularly on a rear-wheel-
  drive car or truck), the vehicle's tail will want to slide
  around, or "fishtail" - a very dangerous situation that
  can lead to a spinout and complete loss of directional
    Reduced Risk Behaviors During a
• At the first sign of trouble, grasp the
  steering wheel firmly
• Gradually release the accelerator
• Look and steer to the target
• Once the vehicle has stabilized, put on
  the emergency flasher
• Continue to slow down and pull off the
  road, away from traffic, where and when
  it is safe to do so
• If it is necessary to keep driving on the
  flat tire to an area that is safe, do it
  slowly for as short a distance as possible
     Reduced Risk Behaviors During a
• If the tire went flat on a major roadway
  with lots of traffic, call a professional to
  handle the problem
• Raise the hood and tie something
  white to the antenna or hang it out of a
  window so law enforcement can see it
• Do not stand near the vehicle; get as
  far away as possible until help arrives
• Some interstate highways in urban
  areas have a “help” telephone that can
  be used for road side emergencies
          Accelerator Problems
• Imagine you are driving and prepare to slow
  down by releasing pressure on the accelerator
  pedal─but the vehicle does not respond─it
  continues to accelerate, or
• What if the accelerator pedal suddenly
  depresses to the floor and the vehicle lurches
  forward, although you've taken your foot off
  the accelerator?
• What can you do?
             Accelerator Problems
• If an accelerator problem occurs
   – Shift to neutral to remove power to the wheels
   – Apply the brakes to reduce speed
   – Lightly lift up on the pedal with your foot to see if it will
• If that doesn’t work, signal and leave the roadway in a
  safe location
             Accelerator Problems
• If there is a need to slow quickly, turn off the ignition and
  apply the brakes ─ be sure the key is not incorrectly
  turned to LOCK ─ this will lock the steering wheel and
  stop all steering control
• With a vehicle using power steering and power brakes,
  turning off the ignition will require increased physical
  effort to steer and brake the vehicle as the vehicle slows
• As the vehicle slows down, steer it off the roadway
• After stopping the vehicle, look for the source of trouble
   – The accelerator pedal may be caught on the floor mat or rug
   – If it is stuck ─ a little oil from the dipstick can be applied
            Accelerator Problems
• If the problems seems to be fixed, put the parking
  brake on, put the gear in Park or Neutral then start the
• Press on the accelerator pedal and be sure it returns to
  normal when the foot is released
• Shift to drive and rev the engine a few times before
  releasing the parking brake and driving away
• If the problem is not fixed, do not drive the vehicle
  until it has been fixed by a qualified mechanic
              Engine Problems
• When the “Check Engine” light goes on, it means
  that a system in the vehicle (examples: ignition,
  fuel injection, emission control) is not operating
  at peak performance, even if the vehicle appears
  to be running normally
• A glowing check engine light doesn't mean the
  driver must immediately pull over to the side of
  the road
• Ignoring the warning light, however, could
  severely damage engine components and incur
  additional repair expenses
               Engine Problems
• When the check engine light goes on, first check the
  gas cap to make sure it wasn't left loose after refueling
• Sometimes this can trigger the light; if the cap was
  loose, the light should go out after a few short trips
• If the light remains on, have the system checked out as
  soon as possible
• A light that flashes indicates a more severe condition
  that should be checked out immediately to prevent
  damage to the catalytic converter
• When the warning light flashes, minimize driving at
  high speeds or under heavy loads and get the vehicle to
  a mechanic
               Cooling Problems
• Cooling system failure is a leading cause of engine-
  related breakdowns
• The warning light is usually a thermometer symbol or
  may have “TEMP” as the symbol
• When this warning light goes on, the engine
  temperature has exceeded a safe maximum ─ STOP
• The engine will be damaged or suffer catastrophic
  failure if not attended to immediately
                Cooling Problems
• Overheating can be extremely bad for a car; modern
  engines have far less tolerance if overheated
• Be vigilant of the vehicle’s thermometer
• If the vehicle starts to overheat, move off the road and
  let the engine idle ─ not a      fast idle
• If this does not cool the engine, turn the ignition off
           Cooling Problems
• You are the driver when all of a sudden the
  vehicle’s water temperature gauge goes on
  and stays red ─ what do you do?
• Pull over immediately and have the car towed
  to a mechanic
• Failure to do this could result in costing
  thousands of dollars in repairs
     What can Cause Engine Cooling
• The system can spring a leak
• If there's a leak, occupants should be able to see
  it, hear it, or smell it
• The engine coolant level may be very low; refill
  the coolant to the proper level
• The engine thermostat could have a malfunction
• Unless trained as a mechanic, if simple attempts
  do not fix the problem, have a mechanic check
  the vehicle
           If a Vehicle Overheats
• Turn the heater setting and blower to high─it will help
  pull heat from the engine
• Locate a safe place to stop and turn off the engine
• If the engine is pouring out steam, don’t open the
• It will take a long time for the engine to cool
• When the engine has cooled, release the hood by
  pulling the lever under the dashboard
             If a Vehicle Overheats
• Walk to the front of the vehicle,
  locate the hood latch and squeeze to
  open the hood
   – Check the coolant reservoir tank,
     don’t open it if the engine is hot
   – Open the radiator cap slowly
   – Use a funnel to add coolant to the
     reservoir’s full level
• If replacing coolant does not fix the
  problem, take the vehicle to a
  mechanic for a thorough check
          Oil Pressure Problems
• The engine oil warning light is usually an oil can
  symbol or the word “OIL”
• When the light goes on - STOP! - the engine has
  lost oil pressure
• Severe engine damage or catastrophic engine
  failure can occur within seconds
• Of all the warning lights, the oil pressure light
  indicates the greatest potential for serious
  mechanical damage
• This warning light gives the least amount of time
  to take quick action
           Oil Pressure Problems
• If the oil pressure warning light comes on and stays
  on, pull off the road immediately and shut off the
• Driving any further can significantly increase the
  extent of any engine damage ─ turning a minor
  repair into a complete engine replacement
• Prevent this problem by checking the engine oil
  frequently ─ check the owner’s manual for
  recommended oil changes and checks
            Steering Problems
• Loss of steering can occur suddenly and without
  warning by something in the steering mechanism or
  its related components that has broken or jammed
• When this occurs all steering control is lost
            Steering Problems
• Stop as quickly as possible
• Warn others of the emergency by activating
  the emergency flashers, flashing headlights,
  blowing the horn, or even using hand signals
• Drivers can identify steering problems before
  they have complete steering power loss and it
  may be fixed with simple maintenance or
  system checks
       Sample Steering Problems
• Loss of power steering requires a lot of
  effort to turn the steering wheel ─ at low
  speeds it is very hard to turn
• It takes more strength to turn the
  steering wheel
• The steering wheel is very easy to move
  and feels “loose” and “sloppy”
• It takes more steering than should be
  necessary before the vehicle responds
• The vehicle bounces a lot, especially
  when a bump in the road is hit
                Electrical Problems
• Alternators generate electricity to power a vehicle’s
  electrical system
• The warning light displays a red battery symbol or “ALT” or
• When the light goes on, the electrical system is not getting
  power from the alternator
• If the alternator does not generate enough electricity to
  run the vehicle, the battery will eventually be drained and
• Electricity is needed for the ignition, vehicle lights, power
  steering, power windows, and all the accessories
            Electrical Problems
• When the alternator warning light goes on, it is
  warning the operator there is a problem with the
  electrical system
• When the light goes on, turn off non-essential
  accessories and get the vehicle checked; do not delay
Click button
                 Electrical Problems
• Vehicles are equipped with fuses that help protect
  from electrical short circuits and power overloads
• Know where to find the fuse box in your vehicle
• Electrical problems can start a fire or cause other
• A fuse can blow if there is an overload ─ the
  vehicle’s interior lights or horn may stop working
• Replace the fuse, if it blows repeatedly, there is
  probably an electrical problem, take the vehicle to a
             Lighting Problems
• Montana law requires motor vehicles to be
  equipped with at least two headlights
• At least one functioning taillamp must be visible
  from a distance of 500 feet
• When the headlights or taillight goes out, they
  must be replaced or drivers risk being cited for
  driving without the required lights
              Lighting Problems
• Identify light problems by checking all vehicle
  lighting on a monthly basis, including the
  headlights, turn signals, brake lights, side lights,
  parking lights, taillights, backup lights and license
  plate lights
               Lighting Problems
• To avoid getting a ticket, a broken light cover can be
  temporarily fixed by putting a red or yellow tape over
  the light
• The tape is made specifically for this purpose and is
  sold at auto parts stores
• Headlight failure is rare but could happen
• If it occurs when it is dark, that can be dangerous
               Lighting Problems
• The first action is to keep visual contact with the road
• Reduce speed
• Check for other possible sources of lights by switching to
  high beam, turning on the emergency flashers or turn
• Signal and leave the roadway in a safe location
• Call for assistance
• It is a good practice to keep spare bulbs and fuses in the
                  Brake Failure
• If the indicator light for the ABS system lights
  up, there is a problem in the ABS system
• Conventional brakes will continue to work
• If the brake light stays on, first check to be
  sure the emergency brake was not left on
• If the brakes fail completely there are
  different actions that may restore braking:
   – Try pumping the brakes rapidly
   – Shift into a lower gear and apply and release the
     emergency brake several times quickly
                  Brake Failure
• Apply the parking brake gradually ─ quickly release the
  parking brake if the vehicle begins to skid, and reapply
  as needed
• Pull off the road and do not continue until the problem
  has been corrected
• If the brakes get wet apply light pressure to the brake
  pedal for a short distance
• Heat generated will help evaporate the water from the
  brake linings
                       Vehicle Fire
• When an emergency occurs, quick action is
• Fires are usually caused by electrical system
  problems or leakage in the fuel system which
  leaks gas onto the hot engine

• When fire occurs under the
  hood or dashboard, immediately
  pull off the roadway where safe
• Turn off the ignition and move    Photo courtesy of the AAA Foundation

  away from the vehicle
                       Vehicle Fire
• Consider the risk before trying to put a fire out; if it is a
  major fire, wait for the fire department to put out the fire
• When the fire is in the rear of the vehicle, it could be very
  hazardous since most vehicles have gas tanks in the rear
• Immediately pull off the road to a safe spot
                   Vehicle Fire
• All occupants should get out immediately and stay at a
  far distance
• Warn others of the danger and have someone call the
  nearest fire department
• Never attempt to put out a vehicle fire with water!
• Consider keeping a fire extinguisher in your vehicle
  emergency kit
           Blocked Forward Vision
                    Windshield Wipers
•   Murphy’s Law says wipers will fail when needed
    the most
•   Improve the odds by checking the wipers
    periodically ─ replace worn blades
•   If the wipers fail while driving, open the window,
    look forward, and drive the vehicle to a safe stop
•   If unable to fix the problem, do not drive until the
    wipers work and visibility is restored
Blocked Forward Vision Hood Pop-Up
  • A federal safety standard requires two hood
    latches, one in the vehicle and a second one in
    the hood
  • Despite this, hood latch failure can occur
  • A hood can pop up if the hood latch fails or was
    not closed properly
  • If the hood flies up while driving, do not panic
  • Look through the side window or it may be
    possible to see between the space of the hood
    and car
     –   Check rear zone
     –   Apply the brakes slowly
     –   Turn on the emergency flashers
     –   Move off the road to a safe location
     –   Stop and securely latch the hood
         Conditions Causing Traction Loss

Photo courtesy of the AAA Foundation   Photo courtesy of the AAA Foundation

• By the driver                           • By the surface
• By the vehicle                            of the road
        Traction Loss to the Front

• The front tires go from rolling to sliding resulting
  in loss of all steering control

               Sliding Front Tires = Loss of Steering Control

                                       Intended Path of Travel
Responding to Front Wheel Traction Loss

• Look to the target
• If braking, ease off the brake pedal
• Reduce steering input

          Look to the Target
              Traction Loss to the Rear

• The rear tires lose traction
  and the rear of the vehicle
  moves left or right as it tries
  to overtake the front of the
    Responding to Traction Loss to the Rear
                                    Look to the Target
• Look to the target
• Release the brake or
  accelerator to maintain rolling
• Steer no more than necessary
  to keep wheels pointed to
• Maintain constant attention to
  steering until the vehicle is
  back under control
        Front Wheel Drive Traction Loss

• Front wheel drive vehicles have more weight over the
  drive wheels giving the tires more traction
• Actions when traction loss occurs:
      Going downhill, shift to a lower gear
      Avoid over-acceleration on slippery surfaces
      Reduce speed
      Reduce steering input
           Rear Wheel Traction Loss

• Rear wheel drive vehicles have less weight over the
  drive wheels than front wheel drive vehicles
• Avoid traction loss by:
    Controlling acceleration
    Reducing speed
          All Wheel Drive Traction Loss

• All wheel drive vehicles use power on all the wheels
• If a driver over-accelerates, loss of traction to all four
  wheels can occur
• Avoid traction loss by:
    Controlling acceleration
    Reducing speed
    Reducing engine power
           Off-Road Recovery
• Drifting off the road is often caused by
  fatigue or inattention
• When a vehicle leaves the road, it can be
  tripped by soft surfaces, or roadway objects
• Rollovers are more likely to occur on rural
  roads and highways, particularly undivided,
  two-way roads or divided roads with no
Off-Road Recovery Reduced Risk
    • Check traffic
    • Reduce speed to about 10 mph without using
      the brakes
    • Move the vehicle so that it straddles the
      roadway edge
    • If necessary, brake lightly, check traffic again
    • Signal to return to the roadway
    • Select a level location for returning to the
    • With hands at 9 and 3 o’clock, turn the wheel
      no more than 1/8 to turn back onto the road
    • Look to the target and return to lane position
      one, check rear zone, cancel signal
         Utah Good Samaritan Law
      What Is A "Good Samaritan Law“?
• The law helps protect rescuers voluntarily
  helping a victim in distress from being
  successfully sued in tort (i.e., for
• The law is designed to encourage people to
  help a stranger who needs assistance by
  reducing or eliminating the fear that, if they
  do so, they will suffer possible legal
  repercussions in the event that they
  inadvertently make a mistake in helping the
   What to do at the Scene of a Crash
• Stop immediately, regardless of
  how little the damage appears
• Call for medical assistance if
  anyone is injured
• Do not move an injured person
  unless there is danger of fire or
  another collision
• Call the police
• Ensure all vehicles in the collision
  have the engines turned off
  What to do at the Scene of a Crash
• Set out reflectors to warn oncoming traffic
• Exchange names, addresses, telephone numbers,
  insurance company names and addresses, driver
• Do not sign any document unless it is for law
  enforcement or an insurance agent
      What to do if Involved in a Crash
• Gather as much        • Draw a diagram of the
  information about       location, include street names
  the collision as
  possible                and locations of the vehicles,
• Time of day             crosswalks, traffic lights and
• Weather                 stop signs
  conditions            • Get the names and addresses
• Road conditions         of any witnesses
• Street lighting or    • This can help prevent
  lack of lighting        disagreement concerning how
• Presence or             the accident actually
  length of skid          happened
                        • Record the speed the vehicle
                          was traveling
  What to do at the Scene of a Crash

• Notify the insurance company as soon as possible –
  even if a claim is not going to be made ─ this is a
  condition of insurance policies
• The insurance company’s contact information should
  always be in the glove compartment or other secure
• Most insurance agents provide a 24-hour, toll-free
  number to call
• If a vehicle is hit while parked and the owner is not
  seen the driver of the vehicle is legally obliged to leave
  a note with contact details on the windshield
   When to Contact Law Enforcement
 Utah law requires the driver of a vehicle to
  immediately contact the local police
  department within the municipality the
  collision occurred or nearest highway patrol
  office if:
• There was injury or death of any person
• Property damage occurred that appears to be
  $500 or more
  Responding to Emergency Personnel
The acronym SIREN can help drivers remember how to yield the right of way
so the emergency responders can get to their destination quickly
S Stay alert ─ keep the noise level down in the vehicle and look for more
than      one emergency vehicle approaching when a siren is heard
I Investigate ─ check the rearview mirror, scan around the car, try to
estimate            the closing speed of the emergency vehicle to plan the next
R React ─ quickly and calmly scan in all directions, use the turn signal and
exit      the roadway without slamming on the brakes or pulling over
E Enter ─ before reentering, make a visual sweep in all directions; signal and
    gradually merge
N Never ─ stop where there isn’t enough room to pull over safely and never
    follow or try to outrun an emergency vehicle
  Responding to Emergency Personnel
• When there is an emergency, emergency personnel
  may be directing traffic to help clear the roadway
• Drivers must follow the directions given by emergency
  personnel, even if directed     to a street which is not
  the desired route to the planned destination
    What to do if Pulled Over by Law
• An officer may pull over a driver because
  there is a malfunctioning light on the vehicle,
  or the driver may have broken a law
• How will the officer let the driver know they
  should stop?
• The officer will signal with flashing lights
  and/or a siren
      What to do if Pulled Over by Law
• What should a driver do when being stopped?
• Immediately drive to a position parallel to and as close as possible to, the
  nearest edge or curb of the roadway, clear of any intersection
• Stay in the vehicle, keep both hands on the steering wheel where they can
  be seen by the officer
• Do not start looking for any documents until after the officer asks for them
• The officer will probably ask the driver to roll down the window or may
  direct the driver to a different location
• All current vehicle registration, insurance, and driver’s license information
  should be in easy reach
• Drivers can be cited for not having current information available
           What will the Officer do?
• The officer notifies dispatch personnel of the traffic stop, the location, and
  request vehicle registration information on the vehicle using the license
  plate number
• The officer will approach the vehicle while looking for signs of anything
  that might indicate criminal activity or a threat to the officer or citizen
• The officer will discuss the violation and ask for insurance, registration,
  and the driver’s license
• The officer will return to the patrol car to check the status of the
  documents and if there are any outstanding warrants
• The officer will write out the appropriate citation or warning and explain it
  to the driver
• The driver may be asked to sign the citation which only indicates the
  citation was received
• A lawyer runs a stop sign and gets pulled over by a sheriff's deputy.
  He thinks that he is smarter than the deputy because he is a lawyer from
  New York and is certain that he has a better education than any cop
  from Houston, Texas. He decides to prove this to himself and have some
  fun at the Texas deputy's expense.
• The deputy says," License and registration, please."
   "What for?" says the lawyer.
  The deputy says, "You didn't come to a complete stop at the stop sign."
  Then the lawyer says, "I slowed down, and no one was coming."
  "You still didn't come to a complete stop, says the deputy. License and
  registration, please."
   The lawyer says, "What's the difference?"
  "The difference is you have to come to complete stop, that's the law.
  License and registration, please!" the Deputy says.
  Lawyer says, "If you can show me the legal difference between slow down
  and stop, I'll give you my license and registration; and you give me the
  ticket. If not, you let me go and don't give me the ticket."
• "That sounds fair. Please exit your vehicle, Sir," the deputy says.
• At this point, the deputy takes out his nightstick and starts beating
  the ever-loving */#! out of the lawyer and says, "Do you want me to stop,
  or just slow down?
  Reporting to the Insurance Agent
• Utah is a tort state, which means that drivers are financially responsible
  for the damage and injury they may cause during an auto accident
• Liability coverage is required in Utah
  The coverage must be 25/50/10 ($25,000 per person for injuries you cause
  to the other party, up to $50,000 for all, and $10,000 for any damage that
  you cause to the other driver's car and/or property.)
• Insurance companies require the insured to contact the company
  immediately after a collision – regardless of the amount of damage
• Each insurance company has their own reporting requirements
• Carry the insurance information in your vehicle at all times
         Filing a Collision Report
• When a collision occurs, gathering as much
  information as possible may prevent problems
  resulting in a lawsuit
• A Utah crash report must be filed:
  – If a driver is involved in a CRASH where damage totals
    over $1,000.00, or someone is hurt or killed
  – Every driver must fill out a written report to the Highway
    Patrol within 10 days of the crash
  – The form can be obtained from any police, sheriff or
    patrol officer
  – Failure to report the crash could cause a driver’s license
    to be suspended
    Preparing an Emergency Kit
Place in the glove compartment
• Emergency names, addresses, and telephone
• Spare fuses for the electrical system
• A good flashlight with reliable batteries
• An ice scraper for winter driving
• A pocketknife
   Preparing an Emergency Kit
Keep in the trunk
• Battery jumper cables
• Spare tire (properly inflated)
• Can of tire sealant
• Fire extinguisher
• First aid kit
• Jack and lug wrench for changing tires
• Flares or reflective day/night devices
• An empty can to carry gasoline (if the vehicle runs
  out of gas) and a plastic jug of water (if the
  engine boils over and coolant is lost)
• Never carry gas in the trunk ─ it is dangerous,
  and illegal in some places
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Staying Safe with Occupant Protection
• In 2004, 196 people died on Montana highways in
  crashes involving passenger vehicles
• Over 70 percent of them —140 drivers and
  passengers—either didn't use or improperly used
  their seatbelts
• In all likelihood, most, if not all of the 96 people
  who were killed because they were partially or
  completely ejected would be alive today had they
  been wearing their seatbelts
• Buckling up on every trip — not just the long
  distance ones —can save lives
Staying Safe with Occupant Protection
• Not wearing a seat belt doubles the
  chances of being seriously hurt in a
• Most accidents occur at speeds less than
  40 mph, often within 25 miles of home
• Seatbelts and air bags are meant to
  work together to keep drivers and
  passengers safe
• The presence of air bags in a vehicle
  doesn't mean seatbelts are unnecessary
• In the United States, auto collisions are
  the leading cause of paraplegia (from
  damage to the spinal cord)

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