Charles Drew (PowerPoint)

					      Charles Drew:
Inventor of the Blood Bank
• Born in Washington, D.C.
• Great athlete, Average student
• Middle class interracial neighborhood
• He was African American, but part
  English, Scot, and Indian
• Athletic scholarship to Amherst
• 1938- Residency at McGill University,
• 1940- Doctor of Medical Science degree
  from Columbia University
• 1941- Established American Red Cross
  Blood Bank and resigned the same year
• 1935-1950 Professor at Howard University
• Civil Rights- accomplishments of an
  African American
• Education- Charles R. Drew University of
  Medicine and Science in Los Angeles
• Medicine- universal use of plasma as a
  blood “substitute”
• Science- understanding properties of
  blood and transfusions
• His research was accepted immediately.
  His findings saved lives of American
  Citizens and therefore was not questioned
  because of race.
• However his resignation as Director of the
  ARC Blood Bank and his death are both
  surrounded by racial tensions.
• Dr. Drew died in a car accident near
  Burlington, N.C. It has been rumored that
  he was denied treatment by a whites only
  hospital. It has been documented by the
  other African American doctors in the car
  that the owner of the hospital himself
  helped attempt to save Dr. Drew.
• Time Magazine March,1968 printed an
  article stating that he “bled to death” after
  “he was turned away by an all white
          Relevance to Biology
• Competency Goal 2
• 2.03 Investigate and analyze the cell as a living
  system including:
  – Maintenance of homeostasis.
  – Movement of materials into and out of cells..
• 2.03, 3) Discussion of Charles Drew and his
  impact on blood donation and blood banks.
  Energy use and release in biochemical reactions
• 2.04 Investigate and describe the structure and
  function of enzymes and explain their
  importance in biological systems.
• 2.05 Investigate and analyze the bioenergetic
   Relevance to Biology Strand:
Science and Technology in Society
• “Science and technology also reflect a
  culture's values. Consider, for example,
  how the acceptance of new ideas can be
  constrained by the environment in which
  they are conceived. Galileo's efforts to
  change perceptions of Earth's place in the
  solar system”
•   Gordon, R.C. Charles R. Drew: surgeon, scientist, and educator. Journal of
           investigative surgery: the official journal of the Academy of Surgical Research.
           2005 Sep-Oct;18(5):223-5
•   Black Vacuum. Time Magazine, March 29, 1968.
•   Trice, Linda. Charles Drew: Pioneer of Blood Plasma. New York : McGraw-Hill, 2000.
•   Wynes, Charles E. Charles Richard Drew: The man and the myth. University of
           Illinois Press. 1988.
•   Human body: systems at work. V.1 Circulatory system: the plasma pipeline. The
           Cambridge Research Group, Ltd. Storyline Pictures. Publisher Lawrenceville,
           NJ. Cambridge Educational, c2005.

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