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					Ladder Safety
 Training Program




     Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
Why is this training important?
Did you know that falls are the leading cause
 of deaths in and around the house and
 worksite?
Approximately 30,000 people yearly are
 injured from ladder falls.
Some of these incidents involve disabling
 injuries!
The purpose of this training is to educate you
 on how to prevent ladder injuries and avoid
 become a ladder user statistic!

                  Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
       Injury, Not Accident!
Accident: An unexpected occurrence,
 happening by chance
Injury: A definable, correctable event,
 with specific risks for occurrence
   Injury results when risk is poorly managed
   Injury can be prevented!




                  Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
 Causes of Ladder Accidents
Complacency about danger
Dizziness and poor balance
Fatigue and weak muscles and bones
Poor vision
Poor hearing and exposure to noise
Ladder touching live electrical conductors
Ladder slipping at top or base
Ladder resting against moveable objects
Falling material
                  Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
  OSHA Occupational Safety
  and Health Administration
Establishes and enforces regulations
 covering working safely on ladders.
Requires employers to train workers on
 how to safely use ladders.
Requires employees to follow their
 company’s ladder safety rules.



               Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
       Selecting a Ladder
Select the ladder intended for the work
 you need to perform.
Select a ladder with the proper duty
 rating to handle your weight and the
 weight of any materials being used.
Ladders may be of wood, aluminum, or
 fiberglass.
There are many types of ladders and
 each type of ladder has a specific
 purpose.
                Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
  Five Rules of Ladder Safety
Rule One: Select the right ladder for the job.
Rule Two: Inspect the ladder before you use
 it.
Rule Three: Set up the ladder with care.
Rule Four: Climb and descend ladders
 cautiously.
Rule Five: Follow all company and OSHA
 safety procedures when working on a ladder.


                   Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
  Selecting a Ladder Single
Single ladders
 are the most
 common when
 doing work at
 home or on the
 job.




              Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
 Selecting a Ladder Extension
Overlap the ladder
 sections by 10
 percent or more of
 the working length of
 the ladder.
Does not exceed 44
 feet when extended.
Never use fully
 extended.
                Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
        Selecting a Ladder Step
 Does not exceed 20 feet in height.
 Be sure to use the correct step of
  the ladder for the job.
 Position the ladder on a firm, level
  surface.
 Position the ladder to face the work
  to be done.
 Never stand higher than the platform
  on a step ladder.
 Never use the top step of a step
  ladder.
 Never over reach on a step ladder
  so you are not reaching to either
  side of the ladder.
                         Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
        Selecting a Ladder
Select a ladder that is
   Certified by the American National
    Standards Institute (ANSI).
   Listed by Underwriters Laboratories (UL).
   Strong enough for the work to be
    performed.
   Sturdy and durable enough for the work to
    be performed.


                 Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
           Wood Ladders
Sturdy construction
Splinters
Heavy
Do not paint wooden
 ladders. This may
 cover up defects
 Treat with varnish or
 preservatives.
                Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
       Aluminum Ladders
Lightweight
Not affected by
 weather
Can be shaky
Never use when
 working with
 electricity

              Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
        Fiberglass Ladders
Lighter than wood, not
 as light as aluminum
Quite durable
Non conductive when
 clean and dry
Best choice if you
 must work around
 electricity
                Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
             Work Area
Scan the work area.
Check for electrical hazards.
Check for tripping or slipping hazards.
Locate a clear, stable surface to place
 the base of the ladder.
Locate a firm and secure surface for the
 top of the ladder. Check weather
 conditions if outside (wind, snow, ice,
 rain, etc.).
                Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
             Inspection
Always inspect a ladder before using it.
Check for loose screws, blots, hinges,
 or other problems.
Be sure the spreaders on the ladder
 can be locked into place.
Make sure the ladder has safety feet to
 avoid slipping.
Never use a defective ladder.
                Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
             Setting Up
Set up on a solid, level surface.
Keep base of ladder free of clutter.
Barricade ladder usage area if setting
 up in a traffic area.
Lock or block any nearby doors that
 open toward the ladder.
Lock spreaders in place when using a
 step ladder.
                Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
              Setting Up
Secure a straight ladder close to the
 support point to prevent shifting. You
 may also secure the bottom of the
 ladder to stakes in the ground if working
 outside.
Extend a straight ladder at least 3 or 4
 rungs above the support point.
Set up straight ladders on a 4 to 1 ratio.

                 Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
 Using a Ladder 4 to 1 Ratio
The base of a
 straight ladder
 must be one
 foot out for
 every four feet
 of height to the
 point of
 support.

                Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
          Electrical Lines
Avoid working on or around electrical
 lines.
Only qualified persons may work on any
 electrical circuits that have not been de-
 energized.
Follow company lock out, tag out
 procedures if work must be performed
 on or near any energized source.

                Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
     Raising a Short Ladder
Place the base against a solid surface.
Lift the top of the ladder and walk down
 it rung by rung and hand by hand,
 moving in towards the base until the
 ladder is upright.
Rest the top of the ladder against the
 wall or other firm surface.
Lift or slide the base out to its final
 position.
                Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
      Raising a Long Ladder
You will need two people.
Lay the ladder on the ground with the base at
 the spot where it is to stand.
One person stand at the base and put a foot
 on the bottom rungs.
One person raise the ladder while partner
 reaches forward from base and grasps the
 stiles.
Once the ladder is upright, ease the top to
 rest against the wall or other firm surface.

                  Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
 Raising an Extension Ladder
You will need two people.
Extend ladder 3 feet above resting point
 on roof or rest against wall.
Verify minimum overlap.
Pull base away from foundation for
 proper angle (4 to 1 Ratio).
Clear cutter, level the bottom and make
 sure footing is stable.
Ensure that top of ladder is flat and firm.
                 Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
    Climbing and Descending
Follow these tips to avoid the need to CATCH
 yourself when using a ladder.
   CHECK rungs and bottoms of shoes for any
    slippery material.
   ALWAYS face the ladder.
   THREE POINT CONTACT 2 hands and 1 foot or 2
    feet and 1 hand must be on the ladder at all times.
   CARRY tools in a tool belt or raise and lower them
    with a hand line.
   HOLD on with both hands.

                     Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
                Working On
Always wear strong, flat shoes or boots with dry
 soles and a good grip.
Always keep body centered within frame of ladder.
Only one person is allowed on the ladder at a time.
Never reach too far to either side or to the rear.
 Take time to reposition the ladder.
Never climb higher that then 3rd rung from the top
 on a straight ladder or the 2nd rung on a step
 ladder.
Do not use a ladder in a strong wind.
                    Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
           Maintenance
Protect wooden ladders from moisture,
 insect damage and excessive heat.
Prevent the side rails from sagging by
 providing enough support for the ladder.
 Once the side rails sag, the ladder is
 useless!
Do not drop, toss or throw a ladder.
Do not hang from a rung.
                Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
        Carrying a Ladder
Use two people whenever possible.
Always carry parallel to the ground.
Always look up before raising a ladder.
If ladder becomes unstable while
 carrying it, drop it and get out of the
 way.
Keep fingers away from moving or
 sliding parts on the ladder.
                Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
                  Storage
Store in a well ventilated area to prevent
 sagging and warping.
Store straight ladders in flat racks or on wall
 brackets.
Store step ladders in the closed, vertical
 position.
Do not store in any place a child might be
 tempted to climb it.
Do not store outside in plain view where it
 could be stolen or used in a break in.

                   Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007
       Complete the Training
 Thank you for your participation in the Ladder
                 Safety training!
To complete the training, click on the link to take
 the quiz. You will receive a certificate of training
   after answering at least 7 out of the 10 quiz
  questions correctly. Directions will be available
 on how to submit the results to the personnel at
        the District Office for their records.



                     Adapted from Safety Works! Maine Department of Labor August 2007

				
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